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Encyclopedia > LGBT
Increasingly LGBT pride parades, related events and publications, such as this annual edition from Italy featuring openly gay singer Will Young, drop the LGBT initialism instead of regularly adding new letters, and dealing with issues of placement of those letters within the new title.

LGBT (also GLBT) is an initialism referring collectively to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender/transsexual people.[1][2] In use since the 1990s, the term LGBT is an adaptation of the initialism LGB which itself started replacing the phrase gay community which many within the LGBT communities felt did not represent accurately all those to which it referred.[1][2] In modern use, LGBT relates to the diversity of sexuality and gender identity-based cultures.[1][3] LGBT is presently so mainstream that it has been adopted by the majority of the LGBT community centers and LGBT media in most English-speaking countries.[2] For the small enclosed storage space, also known as a cupboard, see closet. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... William Robert Young BA (Exon) (born 20 January 1979) is a British singer and actor. ... Look up acronym, initialism, alphabetism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up acronym, initialism, alphabetism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... Bisexual redirects here. ... A transwoman with XY written on her hand, at a protest in Paris, October 1, 2005. ... For the electronic music EP by Mr. ... The sociological construct of a gay community is complex among those that classify themselves as homosexual, ranging from full-embracement to complete and utter rejection of the concept. ... Christopher Street Parade Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures concern the culture, knowledge, and references shared by members of sexual minorities or transgendered people by virtue of their membership in those minorities or their state of being transgendered. ...

Contents

History

Main article: LGBT history
A banner for Pennsylvania State University homophiles is carried in a 1972 march in Philadelphia. Homophile was used by emerging gay rights groups but has since been nearly universally replaced.

Up until the sexual revolution of the 1960s, there were no universally known terms for describing the people in these groups other than the derogatory terms used by the straight community; third gender was in use from at least the 1860s but never gained wide acceptance.[4][5][6][7][8][9] As people began organizing for their sexual rights, they needed a term that would say who they were in a more positive way.[4] (Compare heteronormativity) LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... This article is about the state-related university. ... Cover of French homophile literary journal Arcadie, 1975 The word homophile is an alternative to the word homosexual, preferred by some because it emphasizes love (-phile from Greek φιλία) over sex. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... For the Macy Gray song, see Sexual Revolution (song). ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ... Anna P., who lived for many years as a man in Germany, was photographed for Magnus Hirschfelds book Sexual Intermediates in 1922. ... Heteronormativity is the reinforcement of certain viewpoints by many social institutions and social policies. ...


The first term used, homosexual, was thought to carry negative connotations and tended to be replaced by homophile and then gay.[4] As lesbians forged their own identity, the phrase gay and lesbian became more common.[1] This was soon followed by bisexual and transgender people also asking for recognition as legitimate categories within the larger community.[1] However, after the initial euphoria of the beginnings of the Stonewall riots wore off, starting in the late 1970s and early 1980s, there was a change in perception and some gays and lesbians were not very accepting of bisexual or transgender people.[10][11] It was thought that transsexual people were acting out stereotypes; and bisexuals were simply gay men or lesbian women who were simply afraid to "come out" and be honest about their identity.[10] The movement underwent growing pains, and these are seen even today in the fact that there is no agreement as to whether the acronym should be GLBT or LGBT.[11] Since its coinage, the word homosexuality has acquired multiple meanings. ... Cover of French homophile literary journal Arcadie, 1975 The word homophile is an alternative to the word homosexual, preferred by some because it emphasizes love (-phile from Greek φιλία) over sex. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      The Stonewall riots were a series of violent conflicts between New York City police officers and groups of gay and transgender people that began during the early... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... A transwoman with XY written on her hand, at a protest in Paris, October 1, 2005. ... In modern usage, a stereotype is a simplified mental picture of an individual or group of people who share a certain characteristic (or stereotypical) qualities. ... Come Out was composed by Steve Reiche in 1966. ...


Not until the 1990s did it become common to speak of "gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people" with equal respect within the movement.[11] Although the LGBT community has seen some controversy regarding universal acceptance of different members (transgender individuals, in particular, have sometimes been marginalized by the larger LGBT community), the term LGBT has been a positive symbol of inclusion.[3][11] Despite the fact that LGBT does not nominally encompass all individuals in the queer communities (see Variants below), the term is generally accepted to include those not identified in the standard, four letter acronym.[3][11] Overall, the use of the term LGBT has, over time, largely aided in bringing otherwise marginalized individuals into the general community.[3][11] A nominal is a word or a group of words that functions as a noun, i. ...


Variants

Look up GLBT in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Many variants exist, including variations which merely change the order of the letters; but LGBT or GLBT are the most common terms and the ones most frequently seen in current usage.[11] Although identical in meaning, LGBT may have more feminist and queer connotations than "GLBT" as it places the "L" for lesbian first.[11] When not inclusive of transgender people it is sometimes shortened to LGB.[11][12] It may also include additional Qs for queer and/or questioning (sometimes abbreviated with a question mark) (LGBTQ, LGBTQQ, GLBTQ?).[13][14][15] Other variants may add a U for "unsure", an I for intersex, another T for transsexual/transvestite another T (or TS or the numeral 2) for Two-Spirit people, an A or SA for allies, or an A for asexual.[16][17][18][19][20][21] Some may also add a P for pansexual or polyamorous, and an O for omnisexual or other.[11][22][2] The order of the letters is also not standardized; in addition to the uses that reverse the initial L and G, the extended letters, if used, may appear in almost any order.[11] Variant terms do not typically represent political differences within the community, however, but arise simply from the usage preferences of individuals and groups.[23] The terms transsexual and intersex are regarded by some people as falling under the umbrella term transgender, though many transsexual and intersex people object to this (both for different reasons).[11] Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ... For other uses, see Queer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Queer (disambiguation). ... Questioning is a term that can refer to a person who is questioning their gender identity, sexual identity or sexual orientation. ... An intersexual is a person (or individual of any unisexual species) who is born with genitalia and/or secondary sexual characteristics of indeterminate sex, or which combine features of both sexes. ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... A male dressed as a female. ... Berdache (from French, from Arabic bardajo meaning kept boy) is a generic term used by some for a third gender (woman-living-man) among many, if not most, Native American tribes. ... Straight ally is a term used in organizing for gay straight equality to refer to straight people who are active, despite a supposedly common view that it has nothing to do with them and provides no short or long term benefits. ... This article is about human asexuality; asexual reproduction is a separate topic. ... The adjective pansexual refers to equal acceptance of all of the major human sexual orientations and identities, including heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality, as well as transgender, transsexual and intersex people. ... Polyamory (from Greek (, literally “multiple”) and Latin (literally “love”)) is the desire, practice, or acceptance of having more than one loving, intimate relationship at a time with the full knowledge and consent of everyone involved. ... Bisexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by romantic love or sexual desire for members of either or both genders, contrasted with homosexuality, heterosexuality, and asexuality. ...


SGL (for same gender loving) is often favored by African-American people as a way of distinguishing themselves from what they regard as white-dominated LGBT communities.[24] MSM (for Men who have sex with men), is clinically used to describe men who have sex with other men without referring to their sexual orientation.[25][26] There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Men who have sex with men (MSM) is a term used to classify men who have sex with men, regardless of whether they self-identify as gay, bisexual, or heterosexual. ...


The magazine Anything That Moves coined the acronym FABGLITTER (from Fetish, Allies, Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, Intersexed, Transgender, Transsexual Engendering Revolution), although this term has not made its way into common usage.[1] Anything that Moves was an internationally distributed bisexual quarterly magazine containing stories, poetry, news and other information of interest. ... Two women in handcuffs and latex miniskirts and tops - Latex and PVC fetishism Wikinews has related news: Dr. Joseph Merlino on sexuality, insanity, Freud, fetishes and apathy Sexual fetishism is the sexual attraction for material and terrestrial objects while in reality the essence of the object is inanimate and sexless. ... -1...


Criticism

The terms LGBT or GLBT are not agreed upon by everyone.[2] For example, it may be argued that the transgender and transsexual causes are not the same as that of LGB people.[27] This argument centers on the idea that transgender and transsexuality have to do with gender identity, or a person's understanding of being male or female, irrespective of their sexual orientation.[11] Meanwhile LGB issues may be seen as a matter of sexual orientation, or attraction.[11] These distinctions have been made in the context of political action in which GLB goals may be perceived to differ from transgender and transsexual goals like same sex marriage legislation and human rights work that is not inclusive of transgender and intersex people.[11] Similarly, intersex people want to be included in LGBT groups and would prefer LGBTI; others insist that they are not a part of the LGBT community and would rather not be included in the term.[28][29] This does not cite any references or sources. ... Sexual orientation refers to an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectional attraction toward others,[1] usually conceived of as classifiable according to the sex or gender of the persons whom the individual finds sexually attractive. ... Same-sex marriage (also called gay marriage, and—less frequently—homosexual marriage) refers to marriage between partners of the same gender (for other forms of same-sex unions that are different from marriages, see the articles linked in that section). ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... A transwoman with XY written on her hand, at a protest in Paris, October 1, 2005. ... An intersexual is a person (or individual of any unisexual species) who is born with genitalia and/or secondary sexual characteristics of indeterminate sex, or which combine features of both sexes. ...


A reverse to the above situations is evident in the belief of 'lesbian & gay separatism' (not to be confused with the related, lesbian separatism) which holds that lesbians and gay men form (or should form) a community distinct and separate from other groups normally included in the LGBTQ sphere.[13][30] While not always appearing of sufficient number or organization to be called a 'movement', separatists persist as a significant, vocal and active element within many parts of the LGBT community.[30][31][32] In some cases separatists will deny the existence or right-to-equality of non-monosexual orientations and of transsexuality.[32] This can extend to public biphobia and transphobia.[30][32] Lesbian separatism refers to a range of extreme positions within the feminist and gay liberation movements. ... American Civil Rights Movement is one of the most famous social movements of the 20th century. ... A monosexual is someone who is sexually attracted to one sex (or gender) only, monosexuality being this capacity for attraction or sexual orientation. ... For the electronic music EP by Mr. ... Biphobia is the fear of, discrimination against, or hatred of bisexuals (although in practice it extends to pansexual people too). ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights LGBT rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Feminism Mens/Fathers rights · Masculinism Children...


Many people have looked for a generic term to replace the initialisms, acronyms, and abbreviations.[32] Words like queer and rainbow have been tried but most have not been widely adopted.[32][33] "Queer" has many negative connotations to older people who remember the word as a taunt and insult, a usage of the term that has continued.[32][33] Many younger people also understand "queer" to be more politically charged than "LGBT".[34][33] Rainbow has connotations that recall the hippies, New Age movements and politics like Jesse Jackson's Rainbow Coalition. For other uses, see Queer (disambiguation). ... Six color rainbow gay pride flag flying over the Castro gay village in San Francisco, June 2005 The six colors of the most common gay pride flag. ... Hippies (singular hippie or sometimes hippy) were members of the 1960s counterculture movement who adopted a communal or nomadic lifestyle, renounced corporate nationalism and the Vietnam War, embraced aspects of Buddhism, Hinduism, and/or Native American religious culture, and were otherwise at odds with traditional middle class Western values. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. ... The Rev. ...


Other gay people also do not care for the term as the lettering comes across as being overly "politically correct", or as an attempt to categorize the various groups of people into one grey area word.[27][34] Another concern is that LGBT may imply that the issues and priorities of the main groups represented are given equal consideration.[27] Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ... For Wikipedias categorization projects, see Wikipedia:Categorization. ... Gray Area n. ...


There are also some lesbian, gay and bisexual and transgender people as well as ontologists who are against an "LGBT community" or "LGB community".[13][35][36] Some are also against the political and social solidarity, and visibility and human rights campaigning that normally goes with it including gay pride marches and events.[35][36] Some of them believe that grouping together people with non-heterosexual orientations perpetuates the myth that being gay/lesbian/bi makes a person deficiently different than other people.[13][35] These people are often seen or portrayed as fringe community members and may seem less visible compared to more mainstream LGBT activists.[35][36] Since this faction are difficult to distinguish from the heterosexual majority, it is common for people to assume all LGBT people support LGBT liberation and the visibility of LGBT people in society, including the right to live one's life in a different way from the majority.[35][37][36] In philosophy, ontology (from the Greek , genitive : of being (part. ... LGBT social movements is a collective term for a number of movements that share related goals of social acceptance of homosexuality and/or gender variance. ... Front line of Gay Pride parade in Paris, France; June 2005 Gay pride or LGBT pride refers to a world wide movement and philosophy asserting that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals should be proud of their sexual orientation and gender identity. ...


See also

Gynephilia (or gynophilia) (From Greek gunÄ“, women, + -philia, love) is the romantic and/or sexual attraction to adult females, and its counterpart Androphilia (from Greek andro-, male, + -philia, love) is attraction to adult males. ... The notion of the bisexual community is complex and slightly controversial. ... For the small enclosed storage space, also known as a cupboard, see closet. ... For other uses, see Coming out (disambiguation). ... The sociological construct of a gay community is complex among those that classify themselves as homosexual, ranging from full-embracement to complete and utter rejection of the concept. ... Ikea commercial widely thought to be the first commercial featuring a gay couple. ... Gender symbols: female (left), male (right). ... Gynephilia (or gynophilia) (From Greek gunÄ“, women, + -philia, love) is the romantic and/or sexual attraction to adult females, and its counterpart Androphilia (from Greek andro-, male, + -philia, love) is attraction to adult males. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      LGBT rights opposition refers to various movements or attitudes which oppose the extension of certain rights to lesbian and gay people, and by extension to bisexuals, and... Transgender is a very complex topic, where consensual and precise definitions have not yet been reached. ... // The following is a list of publications aimed at gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and transsexual (GLBT) people, by country. ... This is a list of organizations of or related to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered people, or campaigning for the rights of LGBT people, or of allies of LGBT people. ... Non-heterosexuals is a neologism, used to describe a group of people whose sexual orientation is other than heterosexuality. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Queer Theology is exploration of the nature of God and human-kinds relationship with God through the experience of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people (although, as used within this field of theology, the term Queer can extend beyond LGBT people). ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Swain, Keith W. (21 June 2007). "Gay Pride Needs New Direction". Denver Post. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  2. ^ a b c d e Thims, Libb (2007, ISBN:1430328401). "Human Chemistry (Volume Two)". Lulu.com. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  3. ^ a b c d Shankle, Michael D. (2006, ISBN:1560234962). "The Handbook of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Public Health: A Practioner's Guide To Service". Haworth Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  4. ^ a b c Ross, E. Wayne (2006, ISBN0791469093). "The Social Studies Curriculum: Purposes, Problems, and Possibilities". SUNY Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  5. ^ Kennedy, Hubert C. (1980) The "third sex" theory of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, Journal of Homosexuality. 1980-1981 Fall-Winter; 6(1-2): pp. 103-1
  6. ^ Hirschfeld, Magnus, 1904. Berlins Drittes Geschlecht ("Berlin's Third Sex")
  7. ^ Ellis, Havelock and Symonds, J. A., 1897. Sexual Inversion.
  8. ^ Carpenter, Edward, 1908. The Intermediate Sex: A Study of Some Transitional Types of Men and Women.
  9. ^ Duc, Aimée, 1901. Sind es Frauen? Roman über das dritte Geschlecht ("Are These Women? Novel about the Third Sex")
  10. ^ a b Leli, Ubaldo; Jack Drescher (2005, ISBN:0789025760). "Transgender Subjectivities: A Clinician's Guide". Haworth Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Alexander, Jonathan; Karen Yescavage (2004, ISBN:1560232870). "Bisexuality and Transgenderism: InterSEXions of The Others". Haworth Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  12. ^ Bohan, Janis S. (1996, ISBN:0415915147). "Psychology and Sexual Orientation: Coming to Terms". Routledge. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  13. ^ a b c d Bloodsworth-Lugo, Mary K. (2007, ISBN:0791472213). "In-Between Bodies: Sexual Difference, Race, and Sexuality". SUNY Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  14. ^ Alder, Christine; Anne Worrall (2004, ISBN:0791461106). "Girls' Violence: Myths and Realities". SUNY Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  15. ^ Cherland, Meredith Rogers; Helen J. Harper (2007, ISBN:0805850562). "Advocacy Research in Literacy Education: Seeking Higher Ground". Routledge. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  16. ^ Lebaron, Sarah; Jessica Pecsenye, Becerra Roland, Jon Skindzier (2005, ISBN:1596580925). "Oberlin College: Oberlin, Ohio". College Prowler, Inc. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  17. ^ Chen, Edith Wen-Chu; Glenn Omatsu (2006, ISBN:0742553388). "Teaching about Asian Pacific Americans: Effective Activities, Strategies, and Assignments for Classrooms and Communities (Critical Perspectives on Asian Pacific Americans)". Rowman & Littlefield. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  18. ^ Babb, Florence E. (2001, ISBN:0292709005). "After Revolution: Mapping Gender and Cultural Politics in Neoliberal Nicaragua". University of Texas Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  19. ^ Padilla, Yolanda C. (2003, ISBN:1560232757). "Gay and Lesbian Rights Organizing: Community-based Strategies". Haworth Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  20. ^ Swigonski, Mary E.; Robin S. Mama, Kelly Ward, Matthew Shepard (2001, ISBN:1560232579). "From Hate Crimes to Human Rights: A Tribute to Matthew Shepard". Haworth Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  21. ^ "About Us". Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transsexual, Transgender, Two-Spirit Queer Community Centre Inc. (2006). Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  22. ^ O'Rourke, P. J. (2001, ISBN:0802141986). "Peace Kills: America's Fun New Imperialism". Grove Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  23. ^ Brown, Catrina; Tod Augusta-Scott (2006, ISBN:1412909880). "Narrative Therapy: Making Meaning, Making Lives". Sage Publications Inc. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  24. ^ Rimmerman, Craig A.; Kenneth D. Wald, Clyde Wilcox (2006, ISBN:1412909880). "The Politics of Gay Rights". University of Chicago Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  25. ^ Young, R M & Meyer, I H (2005) The Trouble with "MSM" and "WSW": Erasure of the Sexual-Minority Person in Public Health Discourse American Journal of Public Health July 2005 Vol. 95 No. 7.
  26. ^ Glick, M Muzyka, B C Salkin, L M Lurie, D (1994) Necrotizing ulcerative periodonitis: a marker for immune deterioration and a predictor for the diagnosis of AIDS Journal of Periodontology 1994 65 p. 393-397.
  27. ^ a b c Wilcox, Melissa M. (2003, ISBN:0253216192). "Coming Out in Christianity: Religion, Identity, and Community". Indiana University Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  28. ^ Aragon, Angela Pattatuchi (2006, ISBN:1560236450). "Challenging Lesbian Norms: Intersex, Transgender, Intersectional, and Queer Perspectives". Haworth Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  29. ^ Makadon, Harvey J.; Kenneth H. Mayer, Jennifer Potter, Hilary Goldhammer (2008, ISBN:193051395X). "The Fenway Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health". ACP Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  30. ^ a b c Mohr, Richard D. (1988, ISBN:0231067356). "Gays/Justice: A Study of Ethics, Society, and Law". Columbia University Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  31. ^ Blasius, Mark (1994, ISBN:1566391733). "Gay and Lesbian Politics: Sexuality and the Emergence of a New Ethic". Temple University Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  32. ^ a b c d e f Blasius, Mark (2001, ISBN:0691058679). "Sexual Identities, Queer Politics: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Politics". Princeton University Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  33. ^ a b c Armstrong, Elizabeth A. (2002, ISBN:0226026949). "Forging Gay Identities: Organizing Sexuality in San Francisco, 1950-1994". University of Chicago Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  34. ^ a b Halpin, Mikki (2004, ISBN:0689874480). "It's Your World--If You Don't Like It, Change It: Activism for Teenagers". Simon and Schuster. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  35. ^ a b c d e Sycamore, Matt Bernstein (2005, ISBN:1932360565). "That's Revolting!: Queer Strategies for Resisting Assimilation". Soft Skull Press. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
  36. ^ a b c d Carlsson, Chris (2005, ISBN:1931404054). "The Political Edge". City Lights Books. Retrieved on 2008-07-05.
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Magnus Hirschfeld in 1933. ... Henry Havelock Ellis (February 2, 1859 - July 8, 1939), known as Havelock Ellis, was a British doctor, sexual psychologist and social reformer. ... John Addington Symonds was the name of a father and son, both English writers. ... Edward Carpenter in 1875. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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LGBT
  • GLBTQ An Encyclopedia of GLBT & Queer culture
  • [1] Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender Rights before the European Court of Justice
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Queer studies is the study of issues relating to sexual orientation and gender identity. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Sexual identity is a term that, like sex, has two distinctively different meanings. ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... A transwoman with XY written on her hand, at a protest in Paris, October 1, 2005. ... For other uses, see Queer (disambiguation). ... Anna P., who lived for many years as a man in Germany, was photographed for Magnus Hirschfelds book Sexual Intermediates in 1922. ... For the electronic music EP by Mr. ... Berdache (from French, from Arabic bardajo meaning kept boy) is a generic term used by some for a third gender (woman-living-man) among many, if not most, Native American tribes. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Bisexual redirects here. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... According to the American Psychological Association, There is no consensus among scientists about the exact reasons that an individual develops a heterosexual, bisexual, gay, or lesbian orientation. ... Homosexuality and psychology have a closely intertwined history. ... // Measuring the prevalence of various sexual orientations is difficult because there is a lack of reliable data. ... The Kinsey scale attempts to measure sexual orientation, from 0 (exclusively heterosexual) to 6 (exclusively homosexual). ... The Klein Sexual Orientation Grid attempts to further measure sexual orientation by expanding upon the earlier Kinsey scale which only considers from 0 (exclusively heterosexual) to 6 (exclusively homosexual). ... Sexual orientation refers to an enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectional attraction toward others,[1] usually conceived of as classifiable according to the sex or gender of the persons whom the individual finds sexually attractive. ... LGBT history refers to the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures around the world, dating back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality within ancient civilizations. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage · LGBT adoption LGBT rights opposition · Heterosexism Violence This box:      This timeline of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) history details notable events in the Common Era West. ... For the LGBT rights article for a particular country, see LGBT rights by country. ... Gay Liberation (or Gay Lib) is the name used to describe the radical lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered movement of the late 1960s and early to mid 1970s in North America, Western Europe, and Australia and New Zealand. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      The Stonewall riots were a series of violent conflicts between New York City police officers and groups of gay and transgender people that began during the early... // It is speculated that many men in ancient Greece sought homosexual relationships because of the low intellectual status of women, as in classical Athens. ... According to John Boswell, the 4th century Christian martyrs Saint Sergius and Saint Bacchus were united in the ritual of adelphopoiesis. ... Pederasty or paederasty (literally boy-love, see Etymology below) refers to an intimate or erotic relationship between an adolescent boy and an adult male outside his immediate family. ... The sociological construct of a gay community is complex among those that classify themselves as homosexual, ranging from full-embracement to complete and utter rejection of the concept. ... For other uses, see Coming out (disambiguation). ... A drag king performance troupe NYC Drag King Alliance Switch NPlay photo:Jenny Norris Drag kings are mostly female-bodied or -identified performance artists who dress in masculine drag and personify male gender stereotypes as part of their performance. ... Drag artist Lypsinka. ... For Gay Bar, the song by Electric Six, see Electric Six. ... A gay village (also gay ghetto or gayborhood) is an urban geographic location with generally recognized boundaries where a large number of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual people live. ... Saint Sebastian, historys first recorded LGBT icon. ... Gay tourism or LGBT tourism is a form of niche tourism marketed to gay people who are open about their sexual orientation and who wish to travel to gay travel destinations in order to participate to some extent in the gay life of the destination area. ... Lesbian sign Lesbian utopia refers to a conceptual community made up entirely of biological females who are not dependent on men for anything. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ... World laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in the US. Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... LGBT adoption refers to the adoption of children by lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered people. ... Many lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people are parents. ... As unregistered cohabitation Recognised in some regions Recognised prior to legalisation of same-sex marriage Netherlands (nationwide) (1998) Spain (12 of 17 communities) (1998) South Africa (nationwide) (1999) Belgium (nationwide) (2000) Canada (QC, NS and MB) (2001) Recognition debated See also Same-sex marriage Registered partnership Domestic partnership Common-law... Recognized in some regions Foreign marriages recognized Civil unions and registered partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated United States (IA, IL, MD, NM, NY, RI) Recognition granted, same-sex marriage debated United States (CT, DC, HI, ME, NH, NJ, OR, VT, WA) See also This box... A sodomy law is a law that defines certain sexual acts as sex crimes. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gay bashing. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      The militaries of the world have a variety of responses to gays, lesbians and bisexuals. ... A Jewish cemetery in France after being defaced by Neo-Nazis. ... A list of LGBT rights activists by country, in alphabetical order. ... Societal attitudes towards homosexuality vary greatly in different cultures and different historical periods, as do attitudes toward sexual desire, activity and relationships in general. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Ethnocracy Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Gender equality Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action... Biphobia is the fear of, discrimination against, or hatred of bisexuals (although in practice it extends to pansexual people too). ... The persecution of gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgendered individuals is the practice of attacking a person, usually physically, because they are or are perceived to be lesbian, gay or transgender. ... Heterosexism is the presumption that everyone is straight or heterosexual (i. ... Christian minister Fred Phelps, famous in the United States for his churchs anti-homosexuality signs and demonstrations (including picketing funerals). ... Lesbophobia (sometimes Lesbiphobia) is a term which describes prejudice, discrimination, harassment or abuse, either specifically targeting a lesbian person, based on their lesbian identity, or, more generally, targetting lesbians as a class. ... LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      LGBT rights opposition refers to various movements or attitudes which oppose the extension of certain rights to lesbian and gay people, and by extension to bisexuals, and... The relationship between religion and homosexuality varies greatly across time and place, within and between different religions and sects, and regarding different forms of homosexuality and bisexuality. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights LGBT rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Feminism Mens/Fathers rights · Masculinism Children...

  Results from FactBites:
 
LGBT Community | Gay Politics | Gay Political Candidates - The Gay & Lesbian Victory Fund (499 words)
Since there are currently no LGBT members of the Florida legislature, so this election presents a tremendous opportunity for the state’s LGBT community.
Pennsylvania is one of the largest states in the country without an openly LGBT state legislator.
This race is extremely important for the gay community since Kansas does not currently have any LGBT representation in its legislature.
Greater Boston LGBT Aging Project (1509 words)
Older LGBT persons may be less likely to identify as gay or lesbian or to participate in LGBT community organizations due to internalized homophobia.
LGBT older persons who live in nursing homes may be especially vulnerable if the healthcare staff is not sensitive to their needs.
Educating older LGBT people about advance health care directives is essential if they wish their partners, friends, or other non-family members to participate in health care decisions on their behalf.
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