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M119A1
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M119A1

The L118 Light Gun is a 105mm towed howitzer, originally produced for the British Army in the 1970's and widely exported since, including to the United States, where it was modified to fire US ammunition and is known as the M119A1. Loading a WW1 British 15 in (381 mm) howitzer 155 mm M198 howitzer A howitzer or hauwitzer is a type of field artillery. ... Jump to: navigation, search The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ...

Contents


History

Prior to the mid-1970's, the British Army used the 105mm L56 Pack Howitzer as its light artillery weapon. This was originally designed for Italian Alpini, and was light enough to be lifted by Wessex helicopters or towed by Land Rovers. However, it lacked range (making it vulnerable to counter-battery fire) and was not entirely popular. The Alpini are a highly decorated elite infantry corps of the Italian Army. ... Museum exhibit Westland Wessex The Westland Wessex is a turbine-powered version of the Sikorsky S-58 Choctaw, developed under license by Westland Aircraft, initially for the Royal Navy, but later for the RAF. The Wessex was built at Westlands factory at Yeovil in Somerset. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ...


Its replacement was designed during the early 1970's, based on the ordnance of the Abbot self-propelled gun. It was heavier than its predecessor, but new, more capable helicopters such as the Puma, were entering service, and these could carry the new weapon. However, a new vehicle, the 101 Forward Control (Land Rover, One Ton) was designed as its prime mover in the field. General Characteristics FV 433 Field Artillery, Self-Propelled (Abbot) Length: (gun forward) 5. ... ... The 101 Forward Control was a vehicle produced by Land Rover for the British Army. ... For the philosophical/theological concept of a prime mover (that is, a self-created being that is the ultimate cause or mover of all things), see cosmological argument. ...


It first entered service with the British Army in 1975. In 1982, it saw intense use in the Falklands War. Five batteries (30 guns) were deployed to the Falkland Islands. During the final phases of the battles around Port Stanley, these guns were firing up to 400 rounds per gun per day, mostly at "Charge Super" i.e. the most powerful propellant charge for which they were designed. They were a major factor in the British victory. Jump to: navigation, search The Falklands War or the Malvinas War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas), was an armed conflict between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands (also known in Spanish as the Islas Malvinas) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, between March and June...


At present, the British Army deploys the Light Gun with 29 (Commando) Regiment RA, 7 (Para) Regt. RHA and 40 (Field) Regt. RA. These support Marine Commando, Air Assault or Light formations. The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army It is made up of a number of regiments. ... The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) is a corps in the British Army. ...


Two regiments of the Territorial Army, 100(V) Regt. RA and 103(V) Regt. RA, are also equipped with the Light Gun. In the United Kingdom the Territorial Army is a part of the British Army composed of reserve units, or part-time soldiers. ...


Design

The Light Gun appears to owe a number of its features to the QF 25 pounder. Among these are its vertical sliding wedge breech, and its use of a turntable (or "firing platform") rather than a split trail. Ordnance QF 25 pounder Type gun-howitzer Nationality UK Era World War II Target general use + anti-tank History Date of design 1930s Production period {{{prod_date}}} Number built Service duration 1930s - 1967 Operators {{{operators}}} War service {{{wars}}} Specifications Carriage Fixed trail Calibre 3. ...


When being towed, except over short distances between firing positions, the barrel is reversed and clamped to the end of the trail.



Its specifications are:

  • Weight: 1858 kg
  • Length: 8.8m
  • Width: 1.78m
  • Height: 2.13m
  • Ammunition: HE, HEAT, HESH, WP, Smoke, Illuminating, Target Marking
  • Maximum Range (HE): 17.2 km
  • Anti Tank Range: 800m
  • Muzzle Velocity (max): 709m/s
  • Shell Weight (HE): 15.1kg
  • Rate of Fire: 6 rounds per minute

The cartridge normally has 8 propellant zones, plus room for a "Charge Super" for firing at maximum range.


Variants

L119

There is a version of the Light Gun, known as the L119, which has a different barrel firing standard US ammunition. In the British Army, this is used for training purposes.


M119A1

The United States Army, impressed with the howitzer's performance in the Falklands, adopted the L118 modified to fire US ammunition as the M119A1 and first fielded it in 1989. It is used with the HMMWV as its prime mover. It is currently fielded with all Regular Army light divisions, including the 10th Mountain, 25th Infantry, 82nd Airborne, and 101st Airborne Divisions, as well as certain National Guard field artillery battalions. It is routinely airdropped in airborne operations and sling loaded under Chinook or Blackhawk helicopters in air assault operations. A M119 Howitzer being fired as part of an exercise near Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan The M119 A1 Howitzer is a lightweight howitzer used by the United States Army. ... Jump to: navigation, search General characteristics (M998) Manufacturer: AM General Length: 4. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry). ... Patch of the United States Army 25th Infantry Division. ... The 82nd Airborne Division of the United States Army was formed originally as the 82nd Infantry Division on August 25, 1917, at Camp Gordon, Georgia. ... Jump to: navigation, search Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 101st Airborne Division, the Screaming Eagles. ... Jump to: navigation, search The CH-47 Chinook is a highly versatile, twin engine, twin rotor heavy-lift helicopter. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a medium-lift utility or assault helicopter used by over 20 nations. ...


Exports

The Light Gun has been exported to:

  • Australia (59)
  • Botswana (6)
  • Brunei (6)
  • Ireland (12)
  • Kenya (40)
  • Malawi (12)
  • Malaysia (20)
  • Morocco (36)
  • New Zealand (34)
  • Oman (39)
  • Switzerland (6)
  • United Arab Emirates (50)
  • United States (548)
  • Zimbabwe (12)

External links


 
 

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