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Encyclopedia > L. Frank Baum
Lyman Frank Baum

L. Frank Baum circa 1901
Born May 15, 1856(1856-05-15)
Chittenango, New York
Died May 6, 1919 (aged 62)
Hollywood, California
Occupation Author, Newspaper Editor, Actor, Screenwriter, Film Producer
Spouse Maud Gage
Children Frank Joslyn Baum
Robert Stanton Baum
Harry Neal Baum
Kenneth Gage Baum

Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856May 6, 1919) was an American author, actor, and independent filmmaker best known as the creator, along with illustrator W. W. Denslow, of one of the most popular books in American children's literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, better known today as simply The Wizard of Oz. He wrote thirteen sequels, nine other fantasy novels, and a plethora of other works, and made numerous attempts to bring his works to the stage and screen. File links The following pages link to this file: L. Frank Baum Categories: U.S. history images ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Chittenango is a village located inside the Town of Sullivan in Madison County, New York, USA. The population was 4,855 at the 2000 census. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Greetings from Hollywood Hollywood is a district of the city of Los Angeles, California, U.S.A., that extends from Vermont Avenue on the east to just beyond Laurel Canyon Boulevard above Sunset and Crescent Heights Boulevards on the west; the north to south boundary east of La Brea Avenue... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for presentation through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Screenwriters, scenarists, or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... Matilda Electa Joslyn Gage (1826-1898) was a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was born with a hatred of oppression. Though born in Cicero, New York, Gage maintained residence in Fayetteville, New York for the majority of her life. ... Frank Joslyn Baum was a lawyer, soldier, writer, and film producer, though his attempts to continue the legacy of his father brought him lawsuit and estrangement from his family. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... For other uses, see Author (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... An Independent film (or indie film) is a film initially produced without financing or distribution from a major movie studio. ... Categories: Stub | Oz ... Childrens books redirects here. ... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ...

Contents

Baum's childhood and early life

Frank was born in Chittenango, New York, into a devout Methodist family of German (father's side) and Scots-Irish (mother's side) origin, the seventh of nine children born to Cynthia Stanton and Benjamin Ward Baum, only five of whom survived into adulthood. He was named "Lyman" after his father's brother, but always disliked this name, and preferred to go by "Frank". His mother, Cynthia Stanton, was a direct descendant of Thomas Stanton, one of the four Founders of what is now Stonington, Connecticut. Chittenango is a village located inside the Town of Sullivan in Madison County, New York, USA. The population was 4,855 at the 2000 census. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Scots-Irish (formerly Scotch-Irish) is a term used to describe inhabitants of the USA and Canada of Scots-Irish (particularly Ulster-Scots) descent, who formed distinctive communities and had distinctive social characteristics. ... The Town of Stonington, Connecticut is located located in New London County, Connecticut in the southeastern corner of the state. ...


Benjamin Baum was a wealthy businessman, who had made his fortune in the oil fields of Pennsylvania. Frank grew up on his parents' expansive estate, Rose Lawn, which he always remembered fondly as a sort of paradise. As a young child Frank was tutored at home with his siblings, but at the age of 12 he was sent to study at Peekskill Military Academy. Frank was a sickly child given to daydreaming, and his parents may have thought he needed toughening up. But after two utterly miserable years at the military academy, he was allowed to return home. Frank Joslyn Baum claimed that this was following an incident described as a heart attack, though there is no contemporary evidence of this. A businessman (sometimes businesswoman, female; or businessperson, gender neutral) is a generic term for a wide range of people engaged in profit-oriented enterprises, generally the management of a company. ... Drilling rig in a small oil field Near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 An oil field is an area with an abundance of oil wells extracting petroleum (oil) from below ground. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Peekskill Military Academy was a military academy for young men, founded in 1833, located in Peekskill, New York. ... This article is about the psychological term. ... Frank Joslyn Baum was a lawyer, soldier, writer, and film producer, though his attempts to continue the legacy of his father brought him lawsuit and estrangement from his family. ... Heart attack redirects here. ...


Frank started writing at an early age, perhaps due to an early fascination with printing. His father bought him a cheap printing press, and Frank used it to produce The Rose Lawn Home Journal with the help of his younger brother, Henry (Harry) Clay Baum, with whom he had always been close. The brothers published several issues of the journal and included advertisements they may have sold. By the time he was 17, Baum had established a second amateur journal, The Stamp Collector, printed an 11-page pamphlet called Baum's Complete Stamp Dealers' Directory, and started a stamp dealership with his friends. The printing press is a mechanical device for printing many copies of a text on rectangular sheets of paper. ... A Stamp dealer is a company or an individual who deals in postage stamps and philatelic products. ...


At about the same time Frank embarked upon his lifetime infatuation with the theater, a devotion which would repeatedly lead him to failure and near-bankruptcy. His first such failure occurred when a local theatrical company duped him into replenishing their stock of costumes, with the promise of leading roles that never came his way. Disillusioned, Baum left the theatre—temporarily—and went to work as a clerk in his brother-in-law's dry goods company in Syracuse. At one point, he found another clerk locked in a store room dead, an apparent suicide. This incident appears to have inspired his locked room story, "The Suicide of Kiaros". Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... A locked room mystery is a sub-genre of detective fiction wherein a murder or other crime is apparently committed under impossible circumstances: no one could have entered or left the scene of the crime, and the death involved could not have been a suicide. ...


At the age of 20, Baum took on a new vocation: the breeding of fancy poultry, which was a national craze at the time. He specialized in raising a particular breed of fowl, the Hamburg chicken. In 1880 he established a monthly trade journal, The Poultry Record, and in 1886, when Baum was 30 years old, his first book was published: The Book of the Hamburgs: A Brief Treatise upon the Mating, Rearing, and Management of the Different Varieties of Hamburgs.


Yet Baum could never stay away from the stage long. He continued to take roles in plays, performing under the stage names of Louis F. Baum and George Brooks.


In 1880, his father built him a theatre in Richburg, New York, and Baum set about writing plays and gathering a company to act in them. The Maid of Arran, a melodrama with songs based on William Black's novel A Princess of Thule, proved a modest success. Baum not only wrote the play but composed songs for it (making it a prototypical musical, as its songs relate to the narrative), and acted in the leading role. His aunt, Katharine Gray, played his character's aunt. She was the founder of Syracuse Oratory School, and Baum advertised his services in her catalog to teach theatre, including stage business, playwriting, directing, and translating (French, German, and Italian), revision, and operettas, though he was not employed to do so. On November 9, 1882, Baum married Maud Gage, a daughter of Matilda Joslyn Gage, a famous women's suffrage activist. While Baum was touring with The Maid of Arran, the theatre in Richburg caught fire during a production of Baum's ironically-titled parlor drama, Matches, and destroyed not only the theatre, but the only known copies of many of Baum's scripts, including Matches, as well as costumes and props. Richburg is a village located in Allegany County, New York. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... This page is about musical songs. ... Cover of Macleod of Dare & Sunrise by William Black, from a John B. Alden 1883 publication in New York William Black (November 13, 1841 – December 10, 1898) was a novelist born in Glasgow, Scotland to Mr. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... A theatre director is a principal in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a play by unifying various endeavors and aspects of production. ... Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language—the source text—and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language—the target text, also called the translation. ... Operetta (literally, little opera) is a performance art-form similar to opera, though it generally deals with less serious topics. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Matilda Electa Joslyn Gage (1826-1898) was a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was born with a hatred of oppression. Though born in Cicero, New York, Gage maintained residence in Fayetteville, New York for the majority of her life. ... The term womens suffrage refers to an economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage — the right to vote — to women. ...


The South Dakota years

In July 1888, Baum and his wife moved to Aberdeen, Dakota Territory, where he opened a store, "Baum's Bazaar". His habit of giving out wares on credit led to the eventual bankrupting of the store, so Baum turned to editing a local newspaper, The Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer, where he wrote a column, "Our Landlady". Baum's description of Kansas in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is based on his experiences in drought-ridden South Dakota. During much of this time, Matilda Joslyn Gage was living in the Baum household. While he was in South Dakota Baum sang in a quartet that included a man who would become one of the first Populist (People's Party) Senators in the U.S., James Kyle. Aberdeen, a city and the county seat of Brown County, South Dakota, USA, about 125 mi (200 km) N.E. of Pierre. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Matilda Electa Joslyn Gage (1826-1898) was a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was born with a hatred of oppression. Though born in Cicero, New York, Gage maintained residence in Fayetteville, New York for the majority of her life. ...


Baum becomes an author

Promotional Poster for Baum's "Popular Books For Children", 1901.
Promotional Poster for Baum's "Popular Books For Children", 1901.

After Baum's newspaper failed in 1891, he, Maud and their four sons moved to Chicago, where Baum took a job reporting for the Evening Post. For several years he edited a magazine for advertising agencies focused on window displays in stores. The major department stores created elaborate Christmas time fantasies, using clockwork mechanism that made people and animals appear to move. He also had to work as a traveling salesman. Promotional poster for Baums Popular Books For Children, 1901. ... Promotional poster for Baums Popular Books For Children, 1901. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... The traveling salesman problem (TSP), also known as the traveling salesperson problem, is a problem in discrete or combinatorial optimization. ...


In 1897 he wrote and published Mother Goose in Prose, a collection of Mother Goose rhymes written as prose stories, and illustrated by Maxfield Parrish. Mother Goose was a moderate success, and allowed Baum to quit his door-to-door job. Mother Goose in Prose is a collection of twenty-two childrens stories based on Mother Goose nursery rhymes written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by Maxfield Parrish. ... For other uses, see Mother Goose (disambiguation). ... The Dinky Bird, by Maxfield Parrish, an illustration from Poems of Childhood by Eugene Field, 1904. ...


In 1899 Baum partnered with illustrator W. W. Denslow, to publish Father Goose, His Book, a collection of nonsense poetry. The book was a success, becoming the best-selling children's book of the year. Categories: Stub | Oz ... Father Goose may refer to: Father Goose: His Book, by L. Frank Baum, or the character of that name in his other works. ...

The Baum-Denslow Mother Goose book used as free premium for breakfast cereal

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (563x925, 99 KB) Summary Ad for Baum-Denslow Mother Goose book. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (563x925, 99 KB) Summary Ad for Baum-Denslow Mother Goose book. ...

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

In 1900, Baum and Denslow (with whom he shared the copyright) published The Wonderful Wizard of Oz to much critical and financial acclaim. The book was the best-selling children's book for two years after its initial publication. Baum went on to write thirteen other novels based on the places and people of the Land of Oz. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... Oz is a fantasy region containing four countries under the rule of one monarch. ...


Two years after Wizard's publication, Baum and Denslow teamed up with composer Paul Tietjens and director Julian Mitchell to produce a musical stage version of the book under Fred R. Hamlin. This stage version, the first to use the shortened title "The Wizard of Oz", opened in Chicago in 1902, then ran on Broadway for 293 stage nights from January to October 1903. It returned to Broadway in 1904, where it played from March to May and again from November to December. It successfully toured the United States with much of the same cast, as was done in those days, until 1911, and then became available for amateur use. The stage version starred David C. Montgomery and Fred Stone as the Tin Woodman and Scarecrow respectively, which shot the pair to instant fame. The stage version differed quite a bit from the book, and was aimed primarily at adults. Toto was replaced with Imogene the Cow, and Tryxie Tryfle, a waitress, and Pastoria, a streetcar operator, were added as fellow cyclone victims. The Wicked Witch of the West was eliminated entirely in the script, and the plot became about how the four friends, being allied with the usurping Wizard, were hunted as traitors to Pastoria II, the rightful King of Oz. It is unclear how much control or influence Baum had on the script; it appears that many of the changes were written by Baum against his wishes due to contractual requirements with Hamlin. Jokes in the script, mostly written by Glen MacDonough, called for explicit references to President Theodore Roosevelt, Senator Mark Hanna, and oil magnate John D. Rockefeller. Although use of the script was rather free-form, the line about Hanna was ordered dropped as soon as Hamlin got word of his death in 1904. The Wizard of Oz was a 1902 stage play based on the book by L. Frank Baum, which was originally published in 1900. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Fred Andrew Stone (August 19, 1873 – March 6, 1959) was an American actor. ... Cover of The Tin Woodman of Oz by L. Frank Baum. ... The Scarecrow is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and illustrator William Wallace Denslow. ... Pastoria is a fictional character in the Oz books by L. Frank Baum. ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... Mark Hanna Mark A. Hanna (September 24, 1837–February 15, 1904), born Marcus Alonzo Hanna, was an industrialist and Republican politician from Ohio. ... John Davison Rockefeller, Sr. ...


Beginning with the success of the stage version, most subsequent versions of the story, including newer editions of the novel, have been titled "The Wizard of Oz", rather than using the full, original title. In more recent years, restoring the full title has become increasingly common, particularly to distinguish the novel from the Hollywood film.


Following early film treatments in 1910 and 1925, Metro Goldwyn Mayer made the story into the now classic movie The Wizard of Oz (1939) starring Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale. Among other changes, the film was given an all-a-dream ending. Baum used this technique only once, in Mr. Woodchuck, and in that case the title character explicitly told the dreamer that she was dreaming numerous times. A completely new Tony Award-winning Broadway musical based on African-American musical styles, The Wiz was staged in 1975 with Stephanie Mills as Dorothy. It was the basis for a 1978 film by the same title starring Diana Ross as an adult Dorothy. The Wizard of Oz continues to inspire new versions such as Disney's 1985 Return to Oz, The Muppets' Wizard of Oz, Tin Man (a re-imagining of the story to be released in late 2007 on the Sci Fi Channel), and a variety of animated productions. Today's most successful Broadway show, Wicked provides a backstory to the two Oz witches used in the classic MGM film. Wicked author Gregory Maguire chose to honor L. Frank Baum by naming his main character Elphaba -- a phonetic take on Baum's initials. “MGM” redirects here. ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969) was an Academy Award-nominated American film actress and singer, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... This article is about the stage musical. ... Stephanie Mills (born March 22, 1957 in Harlem, New York) is an African American R&B and soul singer and former Broadway star. ... The Wiz is a 1978 American musical film (see 1978 in film) produced by Motown Productions and Universal Pictures, and released by Universal on October 24, 1978. ... For the author-illustrator, see Diana Ross (author). ... For other uses, including the 1964 film of the same name, see Return to Oz (disambiguation). ... Promotional poster The Muppets Wizard of Oz, an original made-for-television movie, aired May 20, 2005 as a special Friday night edition of ABCs The Wonderful World of Disney. ... Tin Man is an upcoming television miniseries set to air on Sci Fi Channel sometime in December, 2007. ... SCI FI (originally The Sci-Fi Channel, sometimes rendered SCI FI Channel when part of a longer phrase) is an American cable television channel, launched on September 24, 1992, specializing in science fiction, fantasy, horror, and paranormal programming. ... Wicked is a Tony award-winning American musical produced by Universal Pictures with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, and a book by Winnie Holzman. ...


Later life and work

With the success of Wizard on page and stage, Baum and Denslow hoped lightning would strike a third time and in 1901 published Dot and Tot of Merryland. The book was one of Baum's weakest, and its failure further strained his faltering relationship with Denslow. It would be their last collaboration. Baum would work primarily with John R. Neill on his fantasy work beginning in 1904, but Baum met Neill few times (all before he moved to California) and often found Neill's art not humorous enough for his liking, and was particularly offended when Neill published The Oz Toy Book: Cut-outs for the Kiddies without authorization. After the publication of THE WONDERFUL WIZARD OF OZ, L. Frank Baum wrote another fairy tale entitled DOT AND TOT OF MERRYLAND. This book was illustrated by Baums friend, W.W. Denslow, who had illustrated two of Baums book which were, FATHER GOOSE: HIS BOOK and THE WONDERFUL... John Rea Neill (November 12, 1877 - September 13, 1943) was a childrens book illustrator primarily known for illustrating more than forty stories set in the Land of Oz, including L. Frank Baums, Ruth Plumly Thompsons, and three of his own. ...


Several times during the development of the Oz series, Baum declared that he had written his last Oz book and devoted himself to other works of fantasy fiction based in other magical lands, including The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus and Queen Zixi of Ix. However, persuaded by popular demand, letters from children, and the failure of his new books, he returned to the series each time. All of his novels have fallen into public domain in most jurisdictions, and many are available through Project Gutenberg. Even so, his other works remained very popular after his death, with The Master Key appearing on St. Nicholas Magazine's survey of readers' favorite books well into the 1920s. It has been suggested that Kilter be merged into this article or section. ... Queen Zixi of Ix, or The Story of the Magic Cloak is a 1905 childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by Frederick Richardson. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... The St. ...


Because of his lifelong love of theatre, he often financed elaborate musicals, often to his financial detriment. One of Baum's worst financial endeavors was his The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays (1908), which combined a slideshow, film, and live actors with a lecture by Baum as if he were giving a travelogue to Oz. However, Baum ran into trouble and could not pay his debts to the company who produced the films. He did not get back to a stable financial situation for several years, after he sold the royalty rights to many of his earlier works, including The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. This resulted in the M.A. Donahue Company publishing cheap editions of his early works with advertising that purported that Baum's newer output was inferior to the less expensive books they were releasing. Baum had shrewdly transferred most of his property, except for his clothing, his library (mostly of children's books, such as the fairy tales of Andrew Lang, whose portrait he kept in his study), and his typewriter (all of which he successfully argued were essential to his occupation), into Maud's name, as she handled the finances, anyway, and thus lost much less than he could have. The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays was an early attempt to bring L. Frank Baums Oz books to the screen. ... Travel literature is literature which records the people, events, sights and feelings of an author who is touring a foreign place for the pleasure of travel. ... For the former National Basketball Association player, see Andrew Lang (basketball). ...


His final Oz book, Glinda of Oz was published a year after his death in 1920 but the Oz series was continued long after his death by other authors, notably Ruth Plumly Thompson, who wrote an additional nineteen Oz books. Glinda of Oz is the fourteenth Land of Oz book written by childrens author L. Frank Baum. ... Ruth Plumly Thompson (1891-1976) was an American writer of childrens stories. ...


Baum made use of several pseudonyms for some of his other, non-Oz books. They include: A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ...

  • Edith Van Dyne (the Aunt Jane's Nieces series)
  • Laura Bancroft (Twinkle and Chubbins, Policeman Bluejay)
  • Floyd Akers (The Boy Fortune Hunters series, continuing the Sam Steele series)
  • Suzanne Metcalf (Annabel)
  • Schuyler Staunton (The Fate of a Crown, Daughters of Destiny)
  • John Estes Cooke (Tamawaca Folks)
  • Capt. Hugh Fitzgerald (the Sam Steele series)

Baum also anonymously wrote The Last Egyptian: A Romance of the Nile. Aunt Janes Nieces is the title of a juvenile novel published by Reilly & Britton in 1906, and written by L. Frank Baum under the pen name Edith Van Dyne. ...


Baum continued theatrical work with Harry Marston Haldeman's men's social group, The Uplifters, for which he wrote several plays for various celebrations. He also wrote the group's parodic by-laws. The group, which also included Will Rogers, was proud to have had Baum as a member and posthumously revived many of his works despite their ephemeral intent. Prior to that, his last produced play was The Tik-Tok Man of Oz (based on Ozma of Oz and the basis for Tik-Tok of Oz), a modest success in Hollywood that producer Oliver Morosco decided did not do well enough to take to Broadway. Morosco, incidentally, quickly turned to film production, as would Baum. William Penn Adair Rogers (November 4, 1879 – August 15, 1935) was a Cherokee-American cowboy, comedian, humorist, social commentator, vaudeville performer, and actor. ... The original 1907 book cover by John R. Neill. ... Tik-Tok of Oz is the eighth Land of Oz book written by L. Frank Baum. ... ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Film production on location in Newark, New Jersey. ...


In 1914, having moved to Hollywood years earlier, Baum started his own film production company, The Oz Film Manufacturing Company, which came as an outgrowth of the Uplifters. He served as its president, and principal producer and screenwriter. The rest of the board consisted of Louis F. Gottschalk, Harry Marston Haldeman, and Clarence R. Rundel. The films were directed by J. Farrell MacDonald, with casts that included Violet Macmillan, Vivian Reed, Mildred Harris, Juanita Hansen, Pierre Couderc, Mai Welles, Louise Emmons, J. Charles Haydon, and early appearances by Harold Lloyd and Hal Roach. Richard Rosson appeared in one of the films, whose younger brother Harold Rosson photographed The Wizard of Oz (1939). After little success probing the unrealized children's film market, Baum came clean about who wrote The Last Egyptian and made a film of it (portions of which are included in Decasia), but the Oz name had, for the time being, become box office poison and even a name change to Dramatic Feature Films and transfer of ownership to Frank Joslyn Baum did not help. Unlike with The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays, Baum invested none of his own money in the venture, but the stress probably took its toll on its health. ... The Oz Film Manufacturing Company was an independent film studio from 1914-1915. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... Screenwriters, scenarists, or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... Louis Ferdinand Gottschalk (October 7, 1864 - July 15, 1934) was an American composer born in St. ... Joseph Farrell MacDonald (1875-1952) is an American Veteran Actor who Played Pop Shannon in Superman and the Mole Men. ... Vivian Reed is the name of several actresses: Vivian Reed (silent film actress) - an American actress who starred 1910-1919. ... Mildred Harris Mildred Harris (November 29, 1901 - July 20, 1944) was a notable actress of the silent film era. ... Juanita Hansen Juanita Hansen (March 3, 1895 - September 26, 1961) was an American motion picture actress. ... Harold Clayton Lloyd (April 20, 1893 – March 8, 1971) was an American film actor and director, most famous for his silent comedies. ... Harold Eugene Roach, Sr. ... Harold G. Hal Rosson (August 24, 1895 – September 6, 1988) was an American Cinematographer during the early and classical Hollywood cinema. ... Cameraman redirects here. ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Dramatic Feature Films was an unsuccessful silent film venture by Frank Joslyn Baum, son of L. Frank Baum. ... Frank Joslyn Baum was a lawyer, soldier, writer, and film producer, though his attempts to continue the legacy of his father brought him lawsuit and estrangement from his family. ...


Baum died on May 6, 1919, aged 62, and was buried in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, in Glendale, California. is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Gates of Forest Lawn Forest Lawn Memorial Park is a cemetery in Glendale, Los Angeles County, California. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ...


Baum's beliefs

Literary

Baum's avowed intentions with the Oz books, and other fairy tales, was to tell such tales as the Brothers Grimm and Hans Christian Andersen told, bringing them up to date by making the characters not stereotypical dwarfs or genies, and by removing both the violence and the moral the violence was to point to.[1] Although the first books contained a fair amount of violence, it decreased with the series; in The Emerald City of Oz, Ozma objected to doing violence even to the Nomes who threaten Oz with invasion.[2] For other uses, see Brothers Grimm (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hans Christian Andersen (disambiguation). ... The Emerald City of Oz is the sixth of L. Frank Baums fourteen Land of Oz books. ... Princess Ozma Princess Ozma is a fictional character in the Land of Oz universe created by L. Frank Baum. ...


Another traditional element that Baum intentionally omitted was the emphasis on romance, as he regarded romantic love as uninteresting and largely incomprehensible for young children. In The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, the only element of romance lay in the backstory of the Tin Woodman, which explains his condition and does not otherwise affect the tale, and that of the Golden Cap; the only other stories with such elements were The Scarecrow of Oz and Tik-Tok of Oz, both based on dramatizations, which Baum regarded warily until his readers accepted them.[3] The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... Cover of The Tin Woodman of Oz by L. Frank Baum. ... Golden Cap and East Devon from Burton Bradstock. ... The Scarecrow of Oz is the ninth book set in the Land of Oz written by L. Frank Baum. ... Tik-Tok of Oz is the eighth Land of Oz book written by L. Frank Baum. ...


Political

Women's Suffrage

Sally Roesch Wagner of The Matilda Joslyn Gage Foundation has published a pamphlet titled The Wonderful Mother of Oz describing how Matilda's radical feminist politics were sympathetically channelled by Baum into his Oz books. Much of the politics in the Republican Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer dealt with trying to convince the populace to vote for women's suffrage. Baum was the secretary of Aberdeen's Woman's Suffrage Club. When Susan B. Anthony visited Aberdeen, she stayed with the Baums. Nancy Tystad Koupal notes an apparent loss of interest in editorializing after Aberdeen failed to pass the bill for women's enfranchisement. Radical feminism views womens oppression as a fundamental element in human society and seeks to challenge that standard by broadly rejecting standard gender roles. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... The term womens suffrage refers to an economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage — the right to vote — to women. ... Aberdeen, a city and the county seat of Brown County, South Dakota, USA, about 125 mi (200 km) N.E. of Pierre. ... For other uses, see Susan B. Anthony (disambiguation). ...


Some of Baum's contacts with suffragists of his day seem to have inspired much of his second Oz story, The Marvelous Land of Oz. In this story, General Jinjur leads the girls and women of Oz in a revolt by knitting needles, take over, and make the men do the household chores. Jinjur proves to be an incompetent ruler, but a female advocating equalism is ultimately placed on the throne. His Edith Van Dyne stories depict girls and young women engaging in traditionally masculine activities, and his girl sleuth Josie O'Gorman from The Bluebird Books is even less girly girl than Nancy Drew. Jinjur is a character in the Oz books by L. Frank Baum. ... Graffiti in Madrid promoting equality, reads todos somos iguales, or we are all equal. Equalism is a name often given to forms of egalitarianism (advocacy of equality) concerned with issues of gender or race. ... Kellie Martin in a caricature of a girly girl in Joe Dantes Matinee. ... For the film, see Nancy Drew (2007 film). ...


American Indian Genocide

During the events leading up to the Wounded Knee Massacre, Baum wrote an editorial for the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer upon the death of Sioux Chief Sitting Bull. In it he praised the great leader for his noble qualities and justified his hatred of the selfish, false and treacherous whites. The editorial then changed tones radically, and called for the "annihilation" of Sitting Bull's surviving people. [This characterization is wrong, the editorial is of-a-piece. Baum praises Sitting Bull for the qualities of character he posseses, and states that the rest of the Sioux lack these same qualities. It is this lack that makes annihilation of the remaining Sioux, in Baum's opinion, better than a continued existence as "wretched miserables"] The entire editorial follows: Combatants Sioux United States Commanders Big Foot† James W. Forsyth Strength 120 men 230 women and children 500 men Casualties 178 killed 89 wounded 150 missing For other uses, see Wounded Knee (disambiguation). ... The Sioux (pronounced ) are a Native American and First Nations people. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... Sitting Bull (Sioux: Tatanka Iyotake or Tatanka Iyotanka or Ta-Tanka I-Yotank, first named Slon-he, (Slow), (c. ...

Sitting Bull, most renowned Sioux of modern history, is dead. He was not a Chief, but without Kingly lineage he arose from a lowly position to the greatest Medicine Man of his time, by virtue of his shrewdness and daring. He was an Indian with a white man's spirit of hatred and revenge for those who had wronged him and his. In his day he saw his son and his tribe gradually driven from their possessions: forced to give up their old hunting grounds and espouse the hard working and uncongenial avocations of the whites. And these, his conquerors, were marked in their dealings with his people by selfishness, falsehood and treachery. What wonder that his wild nature, untamed by years of subjection, should still revolt? What wonder that a fiery rage still burned within his breast and that he should seek every opportunity of obtaining vengeance upon his natural enemies. The proud spirit of the original owners of these vast prairies inherited through centuries of fierce and bloody wars for their possession, lingered last in the bosom of Sitting Bull. With his fall the nobility of the Redskin is extinguished, and what few are left are a pack of whining curs who lick the hand that smites them. The Whites, by law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians. Why not annihilation? Their glory has fled, their spirit broken, their manhood effaced; better that they die than live the miserable wretches that they are.[4]

After the Massacre he wrote a second editorial repeating his earlier opinion and criticizing the government for not taking even harsher measures. This second editorial ran on January 3, 1891 and made further call for genocide as follows: For other uses, see Genocide (disambiguation). ...

The peculiar policy of the government in employing so weak and vacillating a person as General Miles to look after the uneasy Indians, has resulted in a terrible loss of blood to our soldiers, and a battle which, at best, is a disgrace to the war department. There has been plenty of time for prompt and decisive measures, the employment of which would have prevented this disaster. The PIONEER has before declared that our only safety depends upon the total extermination [sic] of the Indians. Having wronged them for centuries we had better, in order to protect our civilization, follow it up by one or more wrong and wipe these untamed and untamable creatures from the face of the earth. In this lies safety for our settlers and the soldiers who are under incompetent commands. Otherwise, we may expect future years to be as full of trouble with the redskins as those have been in the past. An eastern contemporary, with a grain of wisdom in its wit, says that 'when the whites win a fight, it is a victory, and when the Indians win it, it is a massacre." [4][5]

These two short editorials continue to haunt his legacy. Matilda Joslyn Gage, a white feminist who was later adopted into the Mohawk nation, was living with Baum at the time of the Wounded Knee massacre, and none of the Baum family letters or journals of the time suggest any home strife as a result of this writing. In 2006, however, descendants of Baum apologized to the Sioux nation for any hurt their ancestor had caused.[6] Nelson Appleton Miles (August 8, 1839 – May 15, 1925) was an American soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. ... Redskin is a slang term for Native Americans and one of the color metaphors for race used in North America and Europe throughout history. ... Matilda Electa Joslyn Gage (1826-1898) was a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was born with a hatred of oppression. Though born in Cicero, New York, Gage maintained residence in Fayetteville, New York for the majority of her life. ... This article is about the people known as Mohawk. For other uses, see Mohawk. ...


These editorials are the only known occasion on which Baum expressed such direct views, though less hostile remarks in some other writing used racist vocabulary or stereotyping typical of the day. His overall writing is remarkably inclusive and his characters diverse. For example, aside from the vocabulary, he did acknowledge many Americans of non-European ancestry in The Woggle Bug Book to an extent unheard of in other 1905 children's publications.[citation needed] The short story, "The Enchanted Buffalo", which purports to be a Native American fable, speaks respectfully of tribal peoples.[citation needed]


Political imagery in The Wizard of Oz

Although numerous political references to the "Wizard" appeared early in the 20th century, it was in a scholarly article in 1964 (Littlefield 1964) that there appeared the first full-fledged interpretation of the novel as an extended political allegory of the politics and characters of the 1890s. Special attention was paid to the Populist metaphors and debates over silver and gold.[7] As a Republican and avid supporter of Women's Suffrage, it is thought that Baum personally did not support the political ideals of either the Populist movement of 1890-92 or the Bryanite-silver crusade of 1896-1900. He published a poem[1] in support of William McKinley. Most readers in 1900 read The Wonderful Wizard of Oz as a fairy tale, but cartoonists recognized that Baum and Denslow were using images that editorial cartoonists had long used to portray American politicians. ... The Populist Party (also known as the Peoples Party) was a short-lived political party in the United States in the late 19th century. ... For other persons of the same name, see William Bryan. ... This article is about the 25th President of the United States; for other people named William McKinley, see William McKinley (disambiguation). ...


Since 1964 many scholars, economists and historians have expanded on Littlefield's interpretation, pointing to multiple similarities between the characters (especially as depicted in Denslow's illustrations) and stock figures from editorial cartoons of the period. Littlefield himself wrote the New York Times letters to the editor section spelling out that his theory had no basis in fact, but was developed simply as a tool to help bored summer school students remember their history lesson.


Baum's newspaper had addressed politics in the 1890s, and Denslow was an editorial cartoonist as well as an illustrator of children's books. A series of political references are included in the 1902 stage version, such as references by name to the President and a powerful senator, and to John D. Rockefeller for providing the oil needed by the Tin Woodman. Scholars have found few political references in Baum's Oz books after 1902.


When Baum himself was asked whether his stories had hidden meanings, he always replied that they were written to please children and generate an income for his family.


Fans of the Oz books dismiss any political interpretation, and argue that Baum and Denslow had no interest in promoting any kind of political agenda.


Religious

Originally a Methodist, Baum joined the Episcopal Church in Aberdeen to participate in community theatricals. Later, he and his wife, encouraged by Matilda Joslyn Gage, became theosophists, in 1897. Baum's beliefs are often reflected in his writing. The only mention of a church in his Oz books is the porcelain one which the Cowardly Lion breaks in the Dainty China Country in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The Baums also sent their older sons to "Ethical Culture Sunday School" in Chicago, which taught morality but not religion. This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ... Matilda Electa Joslyn Gage (1826-1898) was a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was born with a hatred of oppression. Though born in Cicero, New York, Gage maintained residence in Fayetteville, New York for the majority of her life. ... Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... The Ethical Culture Movement is a non-sectarian, ethico-religious and educational movement. ...


Further information

  • When Baum was writing The Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer, he once missed a typographical error which noted a woman's "roughish smile" instead of a "roguish smile." Legend has it, he was describing a bride at her wedding, and her husband was so irate that he challenged Baum to a gun duel. The two men were to stand back to back on one street, come around the corner, face each other, and shoot. Allegedly, Baum heard guns go off during the corner turn and started to run, and a man stopped him and said "you fool, the other guy's running!" Nancy Tystad Koupal accessed all microfilms of the Pioneer and found only one instance of "roughish smile." The woman described was, in fact, an actor in a community theatre production that Baum had inadvertently wandered in on. However, Baum adapts the legend in Aunt Jane's Nieces on Vacation. Louise Merrick makes that mistake of describing Molly Sizer as having a "roughish smile" in the society pages, and the Sizers, "noted as quite the most aggressive and disturbing element in the neighborhood", send eldest son Bill to challenge Arthur Weldon, Louise's husband and the highest name on the masthead (though in fact he has almost no involvement in the paper at all), to a duel, after which Arthur's experience parallels Baum's.
  • Baum was left handed, and gave the trait to his character, Ojo, in The Patchwork Girl of Oz. Ojo believes himself to be unlucky because of his left-handedness, but ultimately becomes known as Ojo the Lucky.
  • When the wardrobe department of MGM began to buy costumes for the 1939 movie version of The Wizard of Oz, they purchased second hand clothes from rummage sales around Hollywood. Actor Frank Morgan, who played the Wizard, was given one such second-hand overcoat to wear, and he happened to notice that the lining of the coat had a label saying, "Property of L. Frank Baum". In early publicity for the movie, MGM emphasized that this was a true story. Soon after the movie was released, the coat was taken to Baum's wife, who confirmed that it had been his (see [2]). Michael Patrick Hearn stated in his keynote address before the 2000 International Wizard of Oz Club convention that this story is believed by Baum's descendants, as well as Margaret Hamilton, to be a concoction of MGM's marketing department. The whereabouts of any such coat are unknown, and fakery would not be difficult.
  • A very popular myth about the origin of the name "Oz" is that it was inspired by the labels on the author's filing cabinet: A-N, O-Z. Less popular is the myth that it stood for the abbreviation for "ounce". Still another story is that Baum, as an admirer of Charles Dickens, took his nickname, "Boz" and dropped the "B" for "Baum". However, according to the ([3]) International Wizard of Oz Club, L. Frank Baum's widow, Maud, once wrote to writer Jack Snow on this subject and stated that it was just a name that Frank had created out of his own mind. Snow himself had postulated (in a posthumously published unused introduction to The Shaggy Man of Oz) that the name came from children's "ohhs" and "ahhs" when Baum told the stories aloud.
  • John Ritter portrayed Baum in a 1990 made for TV movie, The Dreamer of Oz: The L. Frank Baum Story. The film was largely fiction, but retained some of the basic details of Baum's life such as the many failures of his adult life before Oz and a few of the elements that inspired the books. Interestingly, it takes the duel story and turns Baum into a hero, with only the other guy running, something that was never part of the legend.
  • In the Broadway show Wicked, based on Gregory Maguire's novel, the character Elphaba (the Wicked Witch of the West) was named after Baum. 'El-pha-ba' is derived from Baum's initials, L.F.B.
  • OZcot was the name of Baum's home in Hollywood.

A duel is a formalized type of combat. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Aunt Janes Nieces on Vacation is a 1912 novel by L.Frank Baum, writing under the name Edith Van Dyne. Baums intended title was the more accurate Aunt Janes Nieces in Journalism, but the publisher changed it without telling him, to his consternation. ... Ojo is a character from the fictional Oz book series by L. Frank Baum. ... The Patchwork Girl of Oz by L. Frank Baum, is a childrens novel, the seventh set in the Land of Oz. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. ... Frank Morgan as The Wizard of Oz. ... Michael Patrick Hearn is an American literary scholar and one of Americas leading men of letters specializing in childrens literature and its illustration. ... The International Wizard of Oz Club, Inc. ... Margaret Hamilton could also refer to a local politician in the United Kingdom. ... “Dickens” redirects here. ... Jack Snow (1907 – July 13, 1956) was a radio writer, as well as a scholar of the works L. Frank Baum. ... Cover of The Shaggy Man of Oz. ... This article is about the American actor. ... A television movie (also TV movie, TV-movie, made-for-TV movie, etc. ... ...

Bibliography

This literature-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Including those listed here and on the Oz books page, Michael Patrick Hearn has identified forty-two titles of stage plays associated with Baum, some probably redundant or reflective of alternate draughts, many for works that Baum may never have actually started. Listed below and under non-Canon works by canon Oz authors, are those either known to have been performed (such as the lost plays of his youth) or that exist in at least fragmentary or treatment form. Michael Patrick Hearn is an American literary scholar and one of Americas leading men of letters specializing in childrens literature and its illustration. ...


Oz works

Main: List of Oz books The Oz books form a book series that begins with The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, and that relates the history of the Land of Oz. ...

  1. The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
  2. The Marvelous Land of Oz (1904)
  3. Ozma of Oz (1907)
  4. Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz (1908)
  5. The Road to Oz (1909)
  6. The Emerald City of Oz (1910)
  7. The Patchwork Girl of Oz (1913)
  8. Tik-Tok of Oz (1914)
  9. The Scarecrow of Oz (1915)
  10. Rinkitink in Oz (1916)
  11. The Lost Princess of Oz (1917)
  12. The Tin Woodman of Oz (1918)
  13. The Magic of Oz (1919--posthumously published)
  14. Glinda of Oz (1920--posthumously published)
  • Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz (1905)
  • The Woggle-Bug Book (1905)
  • Little Wizard Stories of Oz (1913)
Princess Truella, a character from The Magical Monarch of Mo
Princess Truella, a character from The Magical Monarch of Mo

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900) is a childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. ... The Marvelous Land of Oz, commonly shortened to The Land of Oz, published in 1904, is the second of L. Frank Baums books set in the Land of Oz, and the sequel to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. ... The original 1907 book cover by John R. Neill. ... Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz is the fourth book set in the Land of Oz (though most of the action is outside of it) written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by John R. Neill. ... Cover of The Road to Oz. ... The Emerald City of Oz is the sixth of L. Frank Baums fourteen Land of Oz books. ... The Patchwork Girl of Oz by L. Frank Baum, is a childrens novel, the seventh set in the Land of Oz. ... Tik-Tok of Oz is the eighth Land of Oz book written by L. Frank Baum. ... The Scarecrow of Oz is the ninth book set in the Land of Oz written by L. Frank Baum. ... The original 1916 book cover by John R. Neill, reproduced for a modern facsimile edition. ... The Lost Princess of Oz is the eleventh book set in Oz written by L. Frank Baum. ... Title page of The Tin Woodman of Oz. ... The Magic of Oz is the thirteenth and final Land of Oz book written entirely by L. Frank Baum. ... Glinda of Oz is the fourteenth Land of Oz book written by childrens author L. Frank Baum. ... Image File history File links Princess_Truella_on_a_stork_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_16529. ... Image File history File links Princess_Truella_on_a_stork_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_16529. ... The Magical Monarch of Mo (1903) is a childrens fantasy book by L. Frank Baum. ...

Non-Oz works

  • Baum's Complete Stamp Dealer's Directory (1873)
  • The Mackrummins (lost play, 1882)
  • The Maid of Arran (play, 1882)
  • Matches (lost play, 1882)
  • Kilmourne, or O'Connor's Dream (lost? play opened 4 April 1883)
  • The Queen of Killarney (lost? play, 1883)
  • Our Landlady (newspaper stories, 1890-1891)
  • The Book of the Hamburgs (poultry guide, 1896)
  • By the Candelabra's Glare (poetry, 1897)
  • Mother Goose in Prose (prose retellings of Mother Goose rhymes, (1897)
  • Father Goose: His Book (nonsense poetry, 1899)
  • The Magical Monarch of Mo (Originally published in 1900 as A New Wonderland) (fantasy, 1903)
  • The Army Alphabet (poetry, 1900)
  • The Navy Alphabet (poetry, 1900)
  • The Songs of Father Goose (Father Goose, set to music by Alberta N. Hall Burton, 1900)
  • The Art of Decorating Dry Goods Windows and Interiors (trade publication, 1900)
  • Dot and Tot of Merryland (fantasy, 1901)
  • American Fairy Tales (fantasy, 1901)
  • The Master Key: An Electric Fairy Tale (fantasy, 1901)
  • The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus (1902)
  • The Enchanted Island of Yew (fantasy, 1903)
  • Queen Zixi of Ix (fantasy, 1905)
  • John Dough and the Cherub (fantasy, 1906)
  • Father Goose's Year Book: Quaint Quacks and Feathered Shafts for Mature Children (nonsense poetry for adults, 1907)
  • Mortal for an Hour or The Fairy Prince or Prince Marvel (play, 1909)
  • The Pipes O' Pan (play, 1909, with George Scarborough) (only the first act was ever completed)
  • L. Frank Baum's Juvenile Speaker; Readings and Recitations in Prose and Verse, Humorous and Otherwise (also known as Baum's Own Book for Children) (collection of revised work, 1910)
  • The Daring Twins: A Story for Young Folk (novel, 1911 (reprinted in 2006 as The Secret of the Lost Fortune))
  • The Sea Fairies (fantasy, 1911)
  • Sky Island (fantasy, 1912)
  • Phoebe Daring: A Story for Young Folk (novel, 1912)
  • Our Married Life (novel, 1912) [lost]
  • Johnson (novel, 1912) [lost]
  • King Bud of Noland, or The Magic Cloak (musical play, 1913; music by Louis F. Gottschalk, revised as the scenario to the film, The Magic Cloak of Oz)
  • Molly Oodle (novel, 1914) [lost]
  • The Mystery of Bonita (novel, 1914) [lost]
  • Stagecraft, or, The Adventures of a Strictly Moral Man (musical play, 1914; music by Louis F. Gottschalk)
  • The Uplift of Lucifer, or Raising Hell: An Allegorical Squazosh (musical play, music by Louis F. Gottschalk, 1915)
  • The Uplifter's Minstrels (musical play, 1916; music by Byron Gay)
  • The Orpheus Road Show: A Paraphrastic Compendium of Mirth (musical play, 1917; music by Louis F. Gottschalk)

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Mother Goose in Prose is a collection of twenty-two childrens stories based on Mother Goose nursery rhymes written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by Maxfield Parrish. ... For other uses, see Mother Goose (disambiguation). ... The Magical Monarch of Mo (1903) is a childrens fantasy book by L. Frank Baum. ... After the publication of THE WONDERFUL WIZARD OF OZ, L. Frank Baum wrote another fairy tale entitled DOT AND TOT OF MERRYLAND. This book was illustrated by Baums friend, W.W. Denslow, who had illustrated two of Baums book which were, FATHER GOOSE: HIS BOOK and THE WONDERFUL... American Fairy Tales is the title of a collection of twelve fantasy stories by L. Frank Baum, published in 1901 by the George M. Hill Company, the firm that issued The Wonderful Wizard of Oz the previous year. ... It has been suggested that Kilter be merged into this article or section. ... The Enchanted Island of Yew is a childrens fantasy novel written by L. Frank Baum, illustrated by Fanny Y. Cory, and published by the Bobbs-Merrill Company in 1903. ... Queen Zixi of Ix, or The Story of the Magic Cloak is a 1905 childrens book written by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by Frederick Richardson. ... John Dough and the Cherub is a childrens fantasy novel written by L. Frank Baum, illustrated by John R. Neill, and published in 1906 by the Reilly & Britton Company. ... Pan (Greek , genitive ) is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music: paein means to pasture. ... The Sea Fairies is a childrens fantasy novel written by L. Frank Baum, illustrated by John R. Neill, and published in 1911 by the Reilly & Britton Company, the publisher of Baums series of Oz books. ... Sky Island is a childrens fantasy novel written by L. Frank Baum, illustrated by John R. Neill, and published in 1912 by the Reilly & Britton Company — the same constellation of forces that produced the Oz books in the first decades of the twentieth century. ... Look up Johnson, johnson in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Louis Ferdinand Gottschalk (October 7, 1864 - July 15, 1934) was an American composer born in St. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... The Magic Cloak of Oz is a 1914 film directed by J. Farrell MacDonald. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Louis Ferdinand Gottschalk (October 7, 1864 - July 15, 1934) was an American composer born in St. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Louis Ferdinand Gottschalk (October 7, 1864 - July 15, 1934) was an American composer born in St. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Louis Ferdinand Gottschalk (October 7, 1864 - July 15, 1934) was an American composer born in St. ...

Short stories

This list omits those that appeared in Our Landlady, American Fairy Tales, Little Wizard Stories of Oz, and Queer Visitors from the Marvelous Land of Oz.

  • They Played a New Hamlet (28 April 1895)
  • A Cold Day on the Railroad (26 May 1895)
  • Who Called "Perry?" (19 January 1896)
  • Yesterday at the Exhibition (2 February 1896)
  • My Ruby Wedding Ring (12 October 1896)
  • The Man with the Red Shirt (c.1897, told to Matilda Jewell Gage, who wrote it down in 1905)
  • How Scroggs Won the Reward (5 May 1897)
  • The Extravagance of Dan (18 May 1897)
  • The Return of Dick Weemins (July 1897)
  • The Suicide of Kiaros (September 1897)
  • A Shadow Cast Before (December 1897)
  • The Mating Day (September 1898)
  • Aunt Hulda's Good Time (26 October 1899)
  • The Loveridge Burglary (January 1900)
  • The Bad Man (February 1901)
  • The King Who Changed His Mind (1901)
  • The Runaway Shadows or A Trick of Jack Frost (5 May 1901)
  • (The Strange Adventures of) An Easter Egg (29 March 1902)
  • The Ryl of the Lilies (12 April 1903)
  • The Maid of Athens: A College Fantasy (play treatment, 1903; with Emerson Hough)
  • Chrome Yellow (1904) [unpublished; held in The Baum Papers at Syracuse University]
  • Mr. Rumple's Chill (1904) [lost]
  • Bess of the Movies (1904) [lost]
  • The Diamondback (1904) [first page missing]
  • A Kidnapped Santa Claus (December 1904)
  • The Woggle-Bug Book: The Unique Adventures of the Woggle-Bug (12 January 1905)
  • Prologue from Animal Fairy Tales (January 1905)
  • The Story of Jaglon (January 1905)
  • The Stuffed Alligator (February 1905)
  • The King of Gee-Whiz (play treatment, February 1905, with Emerson Hough)
  • The Discontented Gopher (March 1905)
  • The Forest Oracle (April 1905)
  • The Enchanted Buffalo (May 1905)
  • The Pea-Green Poodle (June 1905)
  • Nelebel's Fairyland (June 1905)
  • The Jolly Giraffe of Jomb (July 1905)
  • Jack Burgitt's Honor (1 August 1905)
  • The Troubles of Pop Wombat (August 1905)
  • The Transformation of Bayal the Porcupine (September 1905)
  • The Tiger's Eye: A Jungle Fairy Tale (1905)
  • The Yellow Ryl (1906)
  • The Witchcraft of Mary-Marie (1908)
  • The Man-Fairy (December 1910)
  • Juggerjook (December 1910)
  • The Tramp and the Baby (October 1911)
  • Bessie's Fairy Tale (December 1911)
  • Aunt 'Phroney's Boy (December 1912)
  • The Littlest Giant--An Oz Story (1918)
  • "An Oz Book" (1919)

is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Play (disambiguation). ... A treatment or more properly film treatment is a short piece of prose intended to be turned into a screenplay for a motion picture. ... Emerson Hough (1857-1923) was an American author, best known for writing western stories. ... Crouse College, a 19th-century Romanesque building which houses the universitys visual arts and music programs Syracuse University (SU) is a private research university located in Syracuse, New York, United States the geographic center of the state, about 250 miles northwest of New York City. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Play (disambiguation). ... A treatment or more properly film treatment is a short piece of prose intended to be turned into a screenplay for a motion picture. ... Emerson Hough (1857-1923) was an American author, best known for writing western stories. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Under pseudonyms

As Edith Van Dyne:
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces (1906)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces Abroad (1906)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces at Millville (1908)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces at Work (1906)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces in Society (1910)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces and Uncle John (1911)
  • The Flying Girl (1911)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces on Vacation (1912)
  • The Flying Girl and Her Chum (1912)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces on the Ranch (1913)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces Out West (1914)
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces in the Red Cross (1915, revised and republished in 1918)
  • Mary Louise (1916)
  • Mary Louise in the Country (1916)
  • Mary Louise Solves a Mystery (1917)
  • Mary Louise and the Liberty Girls (1918)
  • Mary Louise Adopts a Soldier (1919) (largely ghostwritten based on a fragment by Baum; subsequent books in the series are by Emma Speed Sampson)
As Floyd Akers:
  • The Boy Fortune Hunters in Alaska [originally published as Sam Steele's Adventures on Land and Sea by "Capt. Hugh Fitzgerald"] (1906)
  • The Boy Fortune Hunters in Panama [originally published as Sam Steele's Adventures in Panama by "Capt. Hugh Fitzgerald"] (1907)
  • The Boy Fortune Hunters in Egypt (1908)
  • The Boy Fortune Hunters in China (1909) (reprinted in 2006 as The Scream of the Sacred Ape)
  • The Boy Fortune Hunters in Yucatan (1910)
  • The Boy Fortune Hunters in the South Seas (1911)
As Schuyler Staunton:
  • The Fate of a Crown (1905)
  • Daughters of Destiny (1906)
As John Estes Cooke:
  • Tamawaca Folks: A Summer Comedy (1907)
As Suzanne Metcalf:
  • Annabel, A Story for Young Folks (1906)
As Laura Bancroft:
  • The Twinkle Tales (1906) (collected as Twinkle and Chubbins, though Chubbins is not in all the stories)
  • Policeman Bluejay (1907) (also known as Babes in Birdland, it was published under Baum's name shortly before his death)
Anonymous:
  • The Last Egyptian: A Romance of the Nile (1908)

Aunt Janes Nieces is the title of a juvenile novel published by Reilly & Britton in 1906, and written by L. Frank Baum under the pen name Edith Van Dyne. ... Aunt Janes Nieces on Vacation is a 1912 novel by L.Frank Baum, writing under the name Edith Van Dyne. Baums intended title was the more accurate Aunt Janes Nieces in Journalism, but the publisher changed it without telling him, to his consternation. ... Aunt Janes Nieces on the Ranch is a 1913 novel by L. Frank Baum writing as Edith Van Dyne. The novel depicts a story of racial tension on the California ranch owned by the progressive-minded Arthur Weldon and Louise Merrick Weldon, who have entrusted their baby, Jane, nicknamed... Aunt Janes Nieces Out West is the penultimate novel in the Aunt Janes Nieces series written by L. Frank Baum as Edith Van Dyne and published in 1914. ... Daughters of Destiny is a 1954 film directed by Christian-Jaque, Jean Delannoy and Marcello Pagliero, and starring Claudette Colbert, Eleonora Rossi Drago and Mirko Ellis. ... The Twinkle Tales is a 1905 series by L. Frank Baum under the pen name Laura Bancroft. ...

References

Martin Gardner (b. ... Michael Patrick Hearn is an American literary scholar and one of Americas leading men of letters specializing in childrens literature and its illustration. ... Matilda Electa Joslyn Gage (1826-1898) was a suffragist, a Native American activist, an abolitionist, a freethinker, and a prolific author, who was born with a hatred of oppression. Though born in Cicero, New York, Gage maintained residence in Fayetteville, New York for the majority of her life. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Roger Sale, Fairy Tales and After: From Snow White to E. B. White p 223
  2. ^ Michael O. Riley, Oz and Beyond: The Fantasy World of L. Frank Baum, p 164, ISBN 0-7006-0832-X
  3. ^ L. Frank Baum, Michael Patrick Hearn, The Annotated Wizard of Oz, p 138-9, ISBN 0-517-500868
  4. ^ a b Hastings, A. Waller. L. Frank Baum's Editorials on the Sioux Nation. Northern State University. Retrieved on 2007-09-04.
  5. ^ Professor Robert Venables, Senior Lecturer Rural Sociology Department, Cornell University, "Looking Back at Wounded Knee 1890", "Northeast Indian Quarterly", Spring 1990
  6. ^ Ray, Charles. "'Oz' Family Apologizes for Racist Editorials", Morning Edition, National Public Radio, 2006-08-17. Retrieved on 2007-09-04. 
  7. ^ Brian Attebery, The Fantasy Tradition in American Literature, p 86-7, ISBN 0-253-35665-2,

Northern State University is a university located in Aberdeen, South Dakota. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... NPR redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
L. Frank Baum
Wikisource
Wikisource has original works written by or about:
L. Frank Baum
Persondata
NAME Baum, Lyman Frank
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION author
DATE OF BIRTH May 15, 1856(1856-05-15)
PLACE OF BIRTH Chittenango, New York, United States
DATE OF DEATH May 6, 1919
PLACE OF DEATH California, United States

 
 

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