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Encyclopedia > Lübeck
Lübeck
Statistics
State: Schleswig-Holstein
District: Independent city
Area: 214.14 km²
Population: 214,338
(2003-12-31)
Population density: 1000.92 / km²
Elevation:
Postal codes: 23552-23570
Area code: 0451
Location:
Municipal code:
Car designation: HL
Arrangement of the city:
Website: http://www.luebeck.de
Politics
Mayor: Bernd Saxe (SPD)

Lübeck ( Image:Ltspkr.png pronunc., population (2003): 214,338) is the second largest city in Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany. It was for several centuries the "capital" of the Hanseatic League and because of its architectural heritage is on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites. Lübeck coat of arms This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Credit: Arne Klempert & Thomas Mack License: LGPL Source: http://www. ... Germany is a federation of 16 states called Länder (singular Land, which may be translated as country) or unofficially Bundesländer (singular Bundesland, German federal state). ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... There are 439 German districts, administrative units in Germany. ... An independent city is a city in the United States of America that does not belong to any county, but rather interacts directly with the state government. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation has several related meanings: Geography The elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or possibly some other fixed point). ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... Area codes in Germany (German Vorwahl) have from two to five digits, not counting the leading zero. ... License plates in Germany show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia website. ... The Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD – Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) is the second oldest political party of Germany still in existence and also one of the oldest and largest in the world, celebrating its 140th anniversary in 2003. ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


Lübeck is situated at the Trave river with the largest German port at the Baltic Sea. The old part of the town is an island enclosed by the Trave and the Elbe-Lübeck Canal. The borough Travemünde is a sea ressort and ferry port at the coast of the Baltic Sea. The Trave is a river of Schleswig-Holstein in northern Germany. ... The Elbe-Lübeck Canal (also known as Elbe-Trave Canal) is an artificial waterway in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... Barque Passat in Travemünde Travemünde is a borough of Lübeck located at the mouth of river Trave into Lübeck Bay. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Eastern Europe and Central Europe, and the Danish islands. ...

Contents

Buildings

Holstentor

The old town is dominated by seven church steeples. The eldest ones are the Dom and the Marienkirche (Saint Mary), both from the 13th and 14th centuries. Once the town could only be entered by passing one of four town gates, of which the Holstentor (1478) is the best known. The entire old town has kept a medieval look with old buildings and narrow streets. Photo of the Holstentor Gate in Lübeck (taken from German wikipedia) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo of the Holstentor Gate in Lübeck (taken from German wikipedia) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ... Categories: Stub ... Holstentor The Holstentor is a late Gothic city gate, part of the medieval fortifications of Lübeck in Germany. ... Events February 18 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


History

Originally recorded in Germania, the area around Lübeck was by the year 1000 AD inhabited by Slavic peoples, who settled at the Trave banks some kilometers outside the today town centre. They were subdued in 1158 by Henry the Lion, who newly founded the city. In the 14th century Lübeck became the "Queen of the Hanseatic League", being by far the largest and most powerful member of this medieval trade organization. In 1533 an armed conflict with Denmark led to the loss of the power. The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Events January 11 - Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia End of the formal reign of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan, also the beginning of his cloistered rule, which will last to his death in 1192. ... Henry the Lion (face of statue on his tomb in Brunswick Cathedral) Henry the Lion (1129/1131 - August 6, 1195; in German, Heinrich der Löwe) was Duke of Saxony as Henry III since 1142, and Duke of Bavaria as Henry XII since 1156, both until 1180. ... The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ...


Miscellaneous

The German writer Thomas Mann and former German chancellor Willy Brandt were born in Lübeck. Thomas Mann Paul Thomas Mann (June 6, 1875 – August 12, 1955) was a German novelist, philanthropist and essayist, lauded principally for a series of highly symbolic and often ironic epic novels and mid-length stories, noted for their insight into the psychology of the artist and intellectual and an underlying... Willy Brandt (December 18, 1913 – October 8, 1992) was a German politician and Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1969 to 1974. ...


Lübeck is very famous for its excellent marzipan industry, and Marzipan was believed to have been invented in Lübeck possibly in response to either a military siege of the city, or a famine year. The story, perhaps apocryphal, is that the town ran out of all foods except stored almonds and sugar and made loaves of marzipan "bread" with it. This article is about the food marzipan; for the Homestar Runner character of this name, see: Marzipan (character). ...


Others believe that marzipan was actually invented in Persia a few hundred years before Lübeck claims to have invented it. Iran (Persian: ایران) is a Middle Eastern country located in Southwest Asia. ...


In the quarter Lübeck-Herrenwyk there is the static invertor station of the HVDC Baltic-Cable. Herrenwyk is a part of Lübeck. ... A static inverter station is the terminal equipment for a high voltage direct current transmission line, in which direct current is converted to three-phase alternating current, and, usually, the reverse. ... HVDC or high-voltage, direct current electric power transmission systems contrast with the more common alternating-current systems as a means for the bulk transmission of electrical power. ... The Baltic-Cable is a HVDC power line running beneath the Baltic Sea that interconnects the electric power grids of Germany and Sweden. ...


Parts

Enlarge
townhall
View of Lubeck and its Harbour (Sixteenth Century).--From a Copper-plate in the Work of P. Bertius, "Commentaria Rerum Germanicarum," in 4to: Amsterdam, 1616.

The city of Lübeck is divided into 10 quarters. These again are arranged into altogether 35 urban districts. The 10 quarters with their official numbers, their associated urban districts, their official numbers as well as any numbers of inhabitants of the quarters: Download high resolution version (1481x1095, 63 KB)View of Lubeck and its Harbour (Sixteenth Century). ... Download high resolution version (1481x1095, 63 KB)View of Lubeck and its Harbour (Sixteenth Century). ...

  • 01 City center (~ 12.000 Inhabitants)
  • 02 St. Jürgen (~ 40.000 Inhabitants)
    • 02 Huextertor / Muehlentor / Gaertnergasse
    • 09 Strecknitz / Rothebek
    • 10 Blankensee
    • 11 Wulfsdorf
    • 12 Beidendorf
    • 13 Krummesse
    • 14 Kronsforde
    • 15 Niederbüssau
    • 16 Vorrade
    • 17 Schiereichenkoppel
    • 18 Oberbuessau
  • 03 Moisling (~ 10.000 Inhabitants)
    • 19 Niendorf / Moorgarten
    • 20 Reecke
    • 21 Old-Moisling / Genin
  • 04 Buntekuh (~ 10.000 Inhabitants)
  • 05 St. Lorenz-South (~ 12.000 Inhabitants)
  • 06 St. Lorenz-North (~ 40.000 Inhabitants)
    • 04 Holstentor-North
    • 05 Falkenfeld / Vorwerk / Teerhof
    • 23 Big-Steinrade / Schoenboecken
    • 24 Dornbreite / Krempelsdorf
  • 07 St. Gertrud (~ 40.000 Inhabitants)
    • 06 Burgtor / Stadtpark
    • 07 Marli / Brandenbaum
    • 08 Eichholz
    • 25 Karlshof / Israelsdorf / Gothmund
  • 08 Schlutup (~ 6000 Inhabitants)
  • 09 Kuecknitz (~ 20.000 Inhabitants)
    • 27 Dänischburg / Siems / Rangenberg / Wallberg
    • 28 Herrenwyk
    • 29 Alt-Kücknitz / Dummersdorf / Roter Hahn
    • 30 Poeppendorf
  • 10 Travemünde (~ 15.000 Inhabitants)
    • 31 Ivendorf
    • 32 Alt-Travemuende / Roennau
    • 33 Priwall
    • 34 Teutendorf
    • 35 Brodten

(From German Wikipedia) Siems is a part of Lübeck. ... Herrenwyk is a part of Lübeck. ...


See also

Lübeck Airport (LBC) is an airport 8 km south of the citycenter of Lübeck and 54 km northeast of Hamburg. ... This table lists statistics (2002) for the major ports of the Baltic Sea. ... The Baltic-Cable is a HVDC power line running beneath the Baltic Sea that interconnects the electric power grids of Germany and Sweden. ... Bay of Lubeck (German: Lübecker Bucht; Polish: Zatoka Lubecka) is a basin in the south-western Baltic Sea, off the shores of German lands of Mecklenburg-West Pomerania and Schleswig-Holstein. ... The SS Cap Arcona was a 27,500-gross ton German luxury ocean liner of the Hamburg-South America line[1]. The ship was named after Cape Arkona on the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. ...

External links

  • Official website (http://www.luebeck.de/)

 
 

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