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Encyclopedia > Léon Bourgeois
French politician Léon Bourgeois

Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois (May 21, 1851 - September 29, 1925) was a French statesman. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... Events January 23 - The flip of a coin determines whether a new city in Oregon is named after Boston, Massachusetts, or Portland, Maine, with Portland winning. ... September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... France - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ...


He was born in Paris, and was trained in law. After holding a subordinate office (1876) in the department of public works, he became successively prefect of the Tarn (1882) and the Haute-Garonne (1885), and then returned to Paris to enter the ministry of the interior. He became prefect of police in November 1887, at the critical moment of Jules Grévy's resignation from the presidency. In the following year he entered the chamber, being elected deputy for the Marne, in opposition to General Boulanger, and joined the radical left. He was under-secretary for home affairs in Charles Floquet's ministry of 1888, and resigned with it in 1889, being then returned to the chamber for Reims. In the Pierre Tirard's ministry, which succeeded, he was minister of the interior, and subsequently, on March 18, 1890, minister of public instruction in the cabinet of Freycinet, a post for which he had qualified himself by the attention he had given to educational matters. In this capacity he was responsible in 1890 for some important reforms in secondary education. The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Law (a loanword from Danish- Norwegian lov), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments for those who do not follow... Haute-Garonne is a département in the southwest of France named after the Garonne river. ... Marne is a region in France. ... General Georges Boulanger Georges Ernest Jean-Marie Boulanger (April 29, 1837 - September 30, 1891) was a French general and reactionary politician. ... Charles Floquet, French politician Charles Thomas Floquet (October 2, 1828 _ January 18, 1896) was a French statesman. ... French statesman Pierre Tirard Pierre Emmanuel Tirard (September 27, 1827 - November 4, 1893) was a French politician. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Charles de Freycinet, Prime Minister of France Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet (November 14, 1828 - May 14, French statesman and prime minister. ...


He retained his office in Émile Loubet's cabinet in 1892, and was minister of justice under Alexandre Ribot at the end of that year, when the Panama scandals were making the office one of peculiar difficulty. He energetically pressed the Panama prosecution, so much so that he was accused of having put wrongful pressure on the wife of one of the defendants in order to procure evidence. To meet the charge he resigned in March 1893, but again took office, and only retired with the rest of the Freycinet ministry. Painting of French statesman Émile Loubet by Fernand-Anne Piestre Émile François Loubet (December 30, 1838 - December 20, 1929) was a French politician, 7th president of the French republic. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Alexandre Ribot, French politician Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot (February 7, 1842 - January 13, 1923) was a French statesman, four times Prime Minister. ... The Panama scandals was a corruption affair in France in the late 19th century, linked to the building of the Panama Canal. ...


In November 1895 he formed his own cabinet, distinctively radical, which fell as the result of a constitutional crisis arising from the persistent refusal of the senate to vote supply. The Bourgeois ministry seemed to think that popular opinion would enable them to override what they regarded as an unconstitutional action on the part of the upper house; but the public was indifferent and the senate triumphed. The blow damaged Bourgeois's career as an homme de gouvernement. As minister of public instruction in the Brisson cabinet of 1898 he organized courses for adults in primary education. After this short ministry he represented his country with dignity and effect at the Hague peace congress, and in 1903 was nominated a member of the permanent court of arbitration. 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Eugène Henri Brisson (July 31, 1835 - April 14, 1912) was a French statesman, prime minister of France for a period in 1885-1886 and again in 1898. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ...


He held somewhat aloof from the political struggles of the Waldeck-Rousseau and Combes ministries, travelling considerably in foreign countries. In 1902 and 1903 he was elected president of the chamber. In 1905 he replaced the duc d'Audiffret-Pasquier as senator for the department of Marne, and in May 1906 became minister of foreign affairs in the Sarrien cabinet. He was responsible for the direction of French diplomacy in the conference at Algeciras. Pierre Marie René Ernest Waldeck-Rousseau ( December 2, 1846 - August 20, 1904) was a French statesman. ... Émile Combes, French politician Émile Combes (1835 - 1921) was a French statesman. ... Algeciras is a port city in the south of Spain, near the city of Gibraltar, slightly to the north than Tarifa, which is the southernmost town of the country. ...


Following World War I he became President of the Council of the League of Nations and won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in 1920. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The League of Nations was an international organisation founded after the First World War with its constitution being approved by the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. ... The Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...


Bourgeois's Ministry, 1 November 1895 - 29 April 1896

  • Léon Bourgeois - President of the Council and Minister of the Interior
  • Marcellin Berthelot - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Godefroy Cavaignac - Minister of War
  • Paul Doumer - Minister of Finance
  • Louis Ricard - Minister of Justice
  • Édouard Locroy - Minister of Marine
  • Émile Combes - Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Worship
  • Albert Viger - Minister of Agriculture
  • Pierre Guieysse - Minister of Colonies
  • Edmond Guyot-Dessaigne - Minister of Public Works
  • Gustave Mesureur - Minister of Commerce, Industry, Posts, and Telegraphs

Changes November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Marcellin Berthelot Marcellin Pierre Eugène Berthelot (October 29, 1827 - March 18, 1907) was a French chemist and politician. ... Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac (May 21, 1853 - September 25, 1905), French politician, was born in Paris. ... Categories: Stub | 1857 births | 1932 deaths | Presidents of France ... Émile Combes, French politician Émile Combes (1835 - 1921) was a French statesman. ...

March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: Stub | 1840 births | 1915 deaths | French politicians | Prime ministers of France ...

External link and references


The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclop dia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

Preceded by:
Ernest Constans
Minister of the Interior
1890
Succeeded by:
Ernest Constans
Preceded by:
Armand Fallières
Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
1890–1892
Succeeded by:
Charles Dupuy
Preceded by:
Alexandre Ribot
Prime Minister of France
1895–1896
Succeeded by:
Jules Méline
Preceded by:
Georges Leygues
Minister of the Interior
1895–1896
Succeeded by:
Ferdinand Sarrien
Preceded by:
Marcelin Berthelot
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1896
Succeeded by:
Gabriel Hanotaux
Preceded by:
Alfred Rambaud
Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
1898
Succeeded by:
Georges Leygues
Preceded by:
Paul Deschanel
President of the Chamber of Deputies
1902–1905
Succeeded by:
Paul Doumer
Preceded by:
Maurice Rouvier
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1906
Succeeded by:
Stéphen Pichon
Preceded by:
René Renoult
Minister of Labour and Social Security
1912–1913
Succeeded by:
René Besnard
Preceded by:
Gaston Doumergue
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1914
Succeeded by:
René Viviani
Preceded by:
Minister of State
1915–1916
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Étienne Clémentel
Minister of Labour and Social Security
1917
Succeeded by:
André Renard
Preceded by:
Minister of State
1917
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Antonin Dubost
President of the Senate
1923–1924
Succeeded by:
Gaston Doumergue


Jean Antoine Ernest Constans (1833 - 1913), French statesman, was born at Béziers. ... Categories: French government | Stub ... Jean Antoine Ernest Constans (1833 - 1913), French statesman, was born at Béziers. ... French politician Charles Dupuy Charles Alexandre Dupuy (November 5, 1851 _ 1923) was a French statesman, three times prime minister. ... Alexandre Ribot, French politician Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot (February 7, 1842 - January 13, 1923) was a French statesman, four times Prime Minister. ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... Jules Méline, French statesman Félix Jules Méline (May 20, 1838 – December 21, 1925) was a French statesman, prime minister from 1896 to 1898. ... Categories: Stub | 1857 births | 1933 deaths | Prime ministers of France ... Categories: French government | Stub ... Categories: Stub | 1840 births | 1915 deaths | French politicians | Prime ministers of France ... Marcellin Berthelot Marcellin Pierre Eugène Berthelot (October 29, 1827 - March 18, 1907) was a French chemist and politician. ... In 1589, the four French Secretaries of State became specialized, with one of the secretaries responsible for foreign affairs. ... Albert Auguste Gabriel Hanotaux, known as Gabriel Hanotaux, (1853–1944) was a French statesman and historian. ... Categories: Stub | 1857 births | 1933 deaths | Prime ministers of France ... French statesman Paul Deschanel Paul Eugène Louis Deschanel (February 13, 1855 - April 28, 1922) was a French statesman. ... This article concerns the modern National Assembly. ... Categories: Stub | 1857 births | 1932 deaths | Presidents of France ... Maurice Rouvier, French statesman Maurice Rouvier (April 17, 1842 - June 7, 1911) was a French statesman. ... In 1589, the four French Secretaries of State became specialized, with one of the secretaries responsible for foreign affairs. ... Gaston Doumergue, French statesman Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (August 11, 1863 at Aigues-Vives, France-June 18, 1937 at Aigues-Vives, France) was a French politician of the Third Republic. ... In 1589, the four French Secretaries of State became specialized, with one of the secretaries responsible for foreign affairs. ... A Minister of State, in parliamentary systems, is a junior minister. ... A Minister of State, in parliamentary systems, is a junior minister. ... The Senate (in French : le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ... Gaston Doumergue, French statesman Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue (August 11, 1863 at Aigues-Vives, France-June 18, 1937 at Aigues-Vives, France) was a French politician of the Third Republic. ...


 
 

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