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Encyclopedia > Lázaro Cárdenas
Lázaro Cárdenas del Río
Lázaro Cárdenas del Río
President of Mexico
Term of office: November 30, 1934December 1, 1940
Preceded by: Abelardo L. Rodríguez
Succeeded by: Manuel Ávila Camacho
Date of birth: 21 May 1895
Place of birth: Jiquilpan, Michoacán
Date of death: 19 October 1970
Place of death: Mexico City
Profession: Army General
First Lady: Amalia Solórzano
Party: Party of the Mexican Revolution

Lázaro Cárdenas del Río (May 21, 1895October 19, 1970) was President of Mexico from 1934 to 1940. Mexican President Lázaro Cárdenas. ... Seal of the Office of the President of Mexico The President of United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 31 days remaining, as the final day of November. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Term of Office: 4 September 1932 – 30 November 1934 Preceded by: Pascual Ortiz Rubio Succeeded by: Lázaro Cárdenas del Río Date of birth: 12 May 1889 Place of birth: Guaymas, Sonora Date of death: 13 February 1967 Place of death: La Jolla, California, USA Profession: Army General First Lady: Aída... Term of Office: 1 December 1940 – 1 December 1946 Preceded by: Lázaro Cárdenas del Río Succeeded by: Miguel Alemán Valdés Date of birth: 24 April 1897 Place of birth: Teziutlán, Puebla Date of death: 13 October 1955 Place of death: México State Profession: Army General First Lady: Soledad Orozco Party... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Jiquilpan is a town of about 15,000 residents in northwest Michoacán, Mexico, near the border with the states of Colima and Jalisco. ... Other Mexican States Capital Morelia Other major cities Lázaro Cárdenas list of municipalities Area 59,928 km² Ranked 16th Population (2000 census) 3,979,180 Ranked 7th Governor (2002-08) Lázaro Cárdenas Batel (PRD) Federal Deputies (13) PRD = 9 PRI = 2 PAN = 1 disputed = 1 Federal... October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country – under a succession of names – for more than 70 years. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... October 19 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Seal of the Office of the President of Mexico The President of United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Lázaro Cárdenas was born into a lower-middle class family in the village of Jiquilpan, Michoacán. He supported his family (including his mother and 7 younger siblings) from age 16 on after the death of his father. By the age of 18 he had worked as a tax collector, a printer's devil, and a jailkeeper. Although he left school at the age of eleven, he used every opportunity to educate himself and read widely throughout his life, especially works of history. Jiquilpan is a town of about 15,000 residents in northwest Michoacán, Mexico, near the border with the states of Colima and Jalisco. ... Other Mexican States Capital Morelia Other major cities Lázaro Cárdenas list of municipalities Area 59,928 km² Ranked 16th Population (2000 census) 3,979,180 Ranked 7th Governor (2002-08) Lázaro Cárdenas Batel (PRD) Federal Deputies (13) PRD = 9 PRI = 2 PAN = 1 disputed = 1 Federal...


Cárdenas originally set his sights at becoming a teacher, but was drawn into politics and the military during the Mexican Revolution after Victoriano Huerta overthrew President Francisco Madero. He backed Plutarco Elías Calles, and after Calles became President, Cárdenas became governor of Michoacán in 1928. He became known for his progressive program of building roads and schools, promoting education, and land reform, as well as the unusually strict honesty of his administration. The Mexican Revolution was a violent social and cultural movement, colored by socialist, nationalist, and anarchist tendencies that began with the popular rejection of dictator Porfirio Díaz Mori in 1910 and continued through the promulgation of a new constitution seven years later. ... Term of Office: 18 February 1913 – 14 July 1914 Preceded by: Pedro Lascuráin Interim Succeeded by: Francisco S. Carvajal Interim Date of birth: 23 December 1854 Place of birth: Colotlán, Jalisco Date of death: 13 January 1916 Place of death: El Paso, Texas, USA Profession: Soldier First Lady: Emilia Aguila... Francisco I. Madero González (30 October 1873 – 22 February 1913) was a revolutionary who served as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913. ... Term of Office: 1 December 1924 – 30 November 1928 Preceded by: Álvaro Obregón Succeeded by: Emilio Portes Gil Date of birth: 25 September 1877 Place of birth: Guaymas, Sonora Date of death: 19 October 1945 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Schoolteacher, soldier, politician First Lady: Natalia Chacón Party: PNR... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Calles continued to dominate Mexico after his presidency with administrations that were his puppets. He selected Cárdenas to be the ruling party's presidential candidate on the assumption that he could control Cárdenas as he had controlled others. Cárdenas's first move once he took office late in 1934 was to have his presidential salary cut in half. Even more surprising moves would follow. After establishing himself in the presidency, Cárdenas had Calles and dozens of his corrupt associates arrested or deported to the United States, a decision that was greeted with great enthusiasm by the majority of the Mexican public. 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Cárdenas is considered by many historians to be the creator of a political system that lasted in Mexico until the end of the 1980s. Central to this project was the organization of corporatist structures for trade unions, campesino (peasant) organizations, and middle-class professionals and office workers within the reorganized ruling party, now renamed the Party of the Mexican Revolution (PRM). During Cardenas's presidency, the government redistributed millions of acres of land to peasants, and urban and industrial workers gained unprecedented unionization rights and wage increases. However, Cardenas and subsequent presidents also used the PRN and its successor, the Party of the Institutional Revolution, or PRI, to maintain political control; leaders of the worker and campesino organizations delivered votes and suppressed protests in exchange for personal favors and concessions to their constituencies. PRI may refer to: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, a major political party in Mexico Public Radio International Primary rate interface Precision Reflex, Inc. ...


Also central to Cardenas's project were nationalistic economic policies involving Mexico's vast oil production, which had soared following strikes in 1910 in the area known as the "Golden Lane," near Tampico, and which made Mexico the world's second-largest oil producer by 1921, supplying approximately 20 percent of domestic demand in the United States. 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... El Puente Tampico (finished in October 1988) links the states of Tamaulipas and Veracruz and is a major element in the Gulf of Mexico highway system. ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Cárdenas's efforts to negotiate with Mexican Eagle, in the managerial control of Royal Dutch/Shell, and Standard Oil of New Jersey were unavailing, and the companies rejected a solution proposed by a presidential commission. So at 9:45 p.m. on the evening of March 18, 1938, Cárdenas nationalized Mexico's petroleum reserves and expropriated the equipment of the foreign oil companies in Mexico. The announcement inspired a spontaneous six-hour parade in Mexico City. A Shell petrol station sign in the UK A Shell gas station in the US The Royal Dutch/Shell Group of Companies (called Shell Oil in North America) is a major oil company, one of the top four oil companies in the world (along with BP, ExxonMobil, and Total). ... Standard Oil (1863 - 1911) was an oil refining organization founded by John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) and partners in 1863. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nodding donkey pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 Petroleum (from Latin petra – rock and oleum – oil), crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold, is a thick, dark brown or greenish flammable liquid, which exists in the upper strata of some areas of the Earths crust. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ...


Even though compensation for the expropriated assests was included in this legislation, the act angered the international business community and vexed foreign governments, especially Great Britain. The British severed diplomatic relations with Cárdenas's government, and Mexican oil and other goods were boycotted. However, with the outbreak of World War II, oil became a highly sought-after commodity and the boycott ended. The Mexican company that Cárdenas founded, Petróleos Mexicanos (or Pemex), would later be a model for other nations seeking greater control over their own oil and natural gas resources. A boycott is a refusal to buy, sell, or otherwise trade with an individual or business who is generally believed by the participants in the boycott to be doing something morally wrong. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex) is Mexicos state-owned, nationalized petroleum company. ... Petróleos Mexicanos (Pemex) is Mexicos state-owned, nationalized petroleum company. ...


After his presidential term, Cárdenas served as Mexico's secretary of defense through 1945. 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


It is often said that Lázaro Cárdenas was the only president from the PRI who did not use the office to make himself wealthy. He retired to a modest home by Lake Pátzcuaro and worked the rest of his life supervising irrigation projects and promoting free medical clinics and education for the nation's poor.


Lázaro Cárdenas died of cancer in Mexico City. His son Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas is a prominent Mexican politician. When normal cells are damaged or old they undergo apoptosis; cancer cells, however, avoid apoptosis. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano (born May 1, 1934) is a prominent Mexican politician. ...


In his honor, quite a few cities in Mexico have named streets after him, including highways in Guadalajara and Monterrey. Guadalajara is a large city in the Western-Pacific region of Mexico, located at 20. ... This article is about the Mexican city; for other uses, see Monterrey (disambiguation). ...


See also: History of Mexico Pre-Columbian Mexico Hunter-Gatherer peoples are thought to have inhabited Mexico more than 20,000 years ago. ...



Preceded by:
Abelardo Rodríguez
President of Mexico
1934–1940
Succeeded by:
Manuel Ávila Camacho


Term of office: 4 September 1932 – 30 November 1934 Preceded by: Pascual Ortiz Rubio Succeeded by: Lázaro Cárdenas del Río Date of birth: 12 May 1889 Place of birth: Guaymas, Sonora Date of death: 13 February 1967 Place of death: La Jolla, California, USA Profession: Army General First Lady: Aída... Seal of the Office of the President of Mexico The President of United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... Term of Office: 1 December 1940 – 1 December 1946 Preceded by: Lázaro Cárdenas del Río Succeeded by: Miguel Alemán Valdés Date of birth: 24 April 1897 Place of birth: Teziutlán, Puebla Date of death: 13 October 1955 Place of death: México State Profession: Army General First Lady: Soledad Orozco Party...


 
 

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