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Encyclopedia > Kythira

Kythira (Μodern Hellenic: Κύθηρα), also known as Cerigo (Τσιρίγο), also spelt: Kithira, Kythera, Cythera, Cerigo or Tsirigo, is an hellenic island, historically part of the Ionian Islands. It lies opposite the eastern tip of the Peloponnesos peninsula in Hellas. It has an area of 284 square kilometers. The rugged terrain is a result of prevailing winds from the surrounding seas which have shaped its shores into steep rocky cliffs with deep bays. For many centuries, while naval travel was the only means for transportation, the island possessed a strategic location. Since the ancient times, until the mid 19th century, Kythira had been a crossroads of merchants, sailors, and conquerors. As such, it has had a long and varied history and has been influenced by a plethora of civilisations and cultures. This is reflected in its architecture (a blend of traditional, Aegean and Venetian elements), as well as the traditions and customs, influenced by centuries of coexistence of the Hellenic, Venetian and British civilisations as well as its numerous visitors. The Ionian Islands (Greek: Ionia Nisia, Ιόνια Νησιά; Ancient Greek: Ionioi Nisoi, Ιόνιοι Νήσοι) are a group of islands in Greece. ... Peloponnesos (Greek: Πελοπόννησος, Pelops Island, sometime Latinized as Peloponnesus or Anglicized as The Peloponnese) is a large peninsula in Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Isthmus of Corinth. ... Greece, formally called the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), is a country in the southeast of Europe on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula. ... The Aegean Sea. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venessia in the local dialect), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice, 45°26′N 12°19′E, population 271,663 (census estimate 2004-01-01). ...

Contents


History

At the start of the second millennium B.C. it was a Minoan colony and in 424 BC it came under the sway of Athens. In Ancient Hellenic Mythology, Kythira was considered to be the island of celestial Aphrodite, the Goddess of love, (cf. Cyprus, the island of Aphrodite, the Goddess of Sex). Over the centuries it knew a succession of conquerors from the Romans to the Byzantines, Venetians and Turks, and it was frequently looted by Barbary pirates. Kytherians still talk about the destruction and looting by Barbarossa, it has become an intrinsic part of the Kytherian folklore, yet one can easily accept the stories of locals by noticing the number of monasteries embedded in the rocky hillsides to avoid destruction by the pirates. Map of Minoan Crete The Minoans were a pre-Hellenic Bronze Age civilization in Crete in the Aegean Sea, prior to Helladic or Mycenaean culture (i. ... Centuries: 6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC Decades: 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC - 420s BC - 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC Years: 429 BC 428 BC 427 BC 426 BC 425 BC - 424 BC - 423 BC 422 BC... The Acropolis in central Athens, one of the most important landmarks in world history. ... The noun Greek refers to: Synonymous to Grecian; a native or inhabitant of Greece (Ελλάδα), or a person of Greek descent. ... ... Aphrodite, Greek goddess of love and beauty. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,823,807 almost 4,000,000 1... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Though at least a proportion of them are better described as privateers, the Barbary pirates operated out of Tunis, Tripoli, Algiers, Salè and ports in Morocco, preying on shipping in the western Mediterranean Sea from the time of the Crusades as well as on ships on their way to Asia... Baba Aruj Aruj, turkish Oruç (c. ...


In 1864, the island was reunited with the, then young, Hellenic state. 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Greece and the Balkans Discussion Forum HR-Net (Hellenic Resources Network)/ comprehensive Greek news site Official Greek Statistics Site Ask for Greece/ A volunteer community for Q&As about Greece Information on more than 1200 villages in Greece Official Tourist Site Greece Museums/ Museum directory of Greece Take a short...


In the capital, Hora (or Kythira), inside the castle, one can find the Historical Archive of Kythira, the second largest in the Ionian islands, after the one found in Corfu. Corfu (ancient and modern Greek Κέρκυρα, Kérkyra, Latin Corcyra; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is an island of Greece, in the Ionian Sea, off the coast of Albania, from which it is separated by a strait varying in breadth from less than 2 to about 15 miles...


Kythira Today

Like many of the smaller Aegean islands, Kythira is depopulated. Its present population hovers around 3,354 people (2001 census), but the modern Greek diaspora has produced around 60,000 Kytherian descendants in Australia alone. The Aegean Sea. ...


Kythira is administratively exceptional in that:

  • It geographically, culturally and historically belongs (is closer to) to the Ionian islands.
  • It is administered and belongs to the prefecture of Piraeus, in Attica.
  • There are close ties and some service provision by the nearby mainland prefecture of Lakonia.
The island's main port Diakofti.
Enlarge
The island's main port Diakofti.

The capital - Hora - is located on the southern part of the island having no ports connected to the southern Peloponnese or Vatika. Kythera's port for Viatika is in Agia Pelagia Kythira. View of Piraeus A night ferry about to leave the port of Piraeus for the Dodecanese Piraeus, or Peiraeus (Modern Greek: Πειραιάς Peiraiás or Pireás, Ancient Greek / Katharevousa: Πειραιεύς Pireéfs) is a city in the prefecture of Attica, Greece, located south of Athens. ... The word Lakonia describes the geographic area of Lakedaimon. ... Image File history File links Diakofti-port-200408. ... Image File history File links Diakofti-port-200408. ... View of Neapolis from Faraklo The Vatika (Greek: Βάτικα) is a rural municipality (Greek: Δήμος) of Greece found in the prefecture of Laconia on the southerly tip of Cape Malea. ...


Most of the over 60 village names end with "-anika" and a few end with -athika, -iana and -ades.


A November 5, 2004 earthquake shook the areas of the island. The Richter scale is around 5.6/5.8 R. November 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: November 2004 in sports November 2004 in science Events Deaths in November • 30 Pierre Berton • 29 John Drew Barrymore • 26 Bill Alley • 24 Arthur Hailey • 23 Rafael Eitan • 18 Bobby Frank Cherry • 16 John... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a sudden and sometimes catastrophic movement of a part of the Earths surface. ...


Until the mid-1990s the island was served by the small port of Agia Pelagia (now only serving smaller ferry boats from Neapolis - Vatika). Around that time the new port of Diakofti was built along with a modern wider road, aiming to support larger cargo and passenger vessels. The port of Diakofti currently serves scheduled routes to/from Gythion, Antikythira, Piraeus, Crete & Neapolis - Vatika. View of Piraeus A night ferry about to leave the port of Piraeus for the Dodecanese Piraeus, or Peiraeus (Modern Greek: Πειραιάς Peiraiás or Pireás, Ancient Greek / Katharevousa: Πειραιεύς Pireéfs) is a city in the prefecture of Attica, Greece, located south of Athens. ... Greece and Crete Crete, sometimes spelled Krete (Greek Κρήτη / Kriti; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is the largest of the Greek islands and the fifth largest in the Mediterranean Sea. ...


Additionally, the island has an airport, loosely located between the village of Friligiannika and Diakofti, about 8km from the capital. The airport was revamped and extended at the turn of the 21st century, largely by private funds provided by the local population. The island is served by Olympic Airlines flights. Olympic Airlines (Ολυμπιακές Αερογραμμές - O.A.) is the state-run flag carrier of Greece. ...


Municipalities

Kythera


Communities

  • Agia Pelagia Kythira, Port
  • Agios Ilias
  • Antikythira on Antikythira island, independent commune
  • Aroniadika
  • Avlemonas
  • Charchaliana, on Antikythira
  • Diakofti, Port
  • Fratsia
  • Friligianika
  • Galaniana, on Antikythira
  • Gerakaria
  • Kalamos
  • Kapsali
  • Karavas
  • Karvounades
  • Keramoto
  • Kontolianika
  • Kythira Chora Capital
  • Livadi it is becoming the business center of the island
  • Katouni
  • Logothetianika
  • Louriantianika
  • Milopotamos
  • Pitsinianika
  • Potamos
  • Stathianika
  • Viaradika
  • Vouno

Antikythira (Αντικύθηρα) is a Greek island with a land mass of 20 square kilometers, 38 kilometers south-east of Kythira. ...

External links

  • Tourist and Culture Guide of Kythera Island Tourist Information in three languages
  • http://www.mykythera.gr Tourist Information in three languages
  • http://www.kythera-family.net online cultural archive to which the general public can contribute from their private collection of Kytherian heritage documents
  • http://www.kythira.info Tourist Information in three languages
  • A Kythira website: images, data, villages, family names; a cultural archive
  • The Kythera Island Project: an archaeological, ecological, and historic research project of the island and its peoples.
  • photo-essay on the archaeology of Kythira

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kythira Travel Information and Services for your holidays, vacation or honeymoon by Windmills Travel (417 words)
The island of Kythira (also frequently spelled Kithira) is technically part of the Ionian chain, although it is quite far from the other islands of the chain, since it actually lies at the foot of the southernmost part of the Peloponnese, pointing the way to Crete.
Pelagia on its northeast coast, not far from the Peloponnese; and in the south, at Kapsali, two kilometers from the tiny capital of the island, Kythira or Chora.
Kythira is primarily a farming island, with low mountains (the highest of which is less than 500 meters), steep cliffs, and very deep bays; the islanders grow wheat, barley, and grapes, and tend olive groves for their own olive oil consumption.
Kythira Island, Greece - Information Travel Services Photos Itinerary Vacation (341 words)
The island of Kythira (also frequently spelled Kithira) is technically part of the Ionian chain, although it is quite far from the other islands of the chain, since it actually lies at the foot of the southernmost part of the Peloponnese, pointing the way to Crete.
Pelagia on its northeast coast, not far from the Peloponnese; and in the south, at Kapsali, two kilometers from the tiny capital of the island, Kythira or Chora.
Kythira is primarily a farming island, with low mountains (the highest of which is less than 500 meters), steep cliffs, and very deep bays; the islanders grow wheat, barley, and grapes, and tend olive groves for their own olive oil consumption.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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