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Encyclopedia > Kyoto
Kyoto
京都市
Location of Kyoto
Kyoto's location in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Location
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Kyoto Prefecture
Physical characteristics
Area 827.90 km² (319.65 sq mi)
Population (as of March 2006)
     Total 1,473,068
     Density 1,779 /km² (4,608 /sq mi)
Location 35°1′N 135°46′E / 35.017, 135.767Coordinates: 35°1′N 135°46′E / 35.017, 135.767
Symbols
Tree Weeping Willow,
katsura
Flower Camellia, Azalea,
Sugar Cherry
Symbol of Kyoto
Flag
Kyoto Government Office
Mayor Daisaku Kadokawa
Address 〒604-8571
488 Teramachi-oike, Nakagyō-ku, Kyōto-shi, Kyōto-fu
Phone number 075-222-3111
Official website: City of Kyoto

Kyoto (京都市 Kyōto-shi?) listen  is a city in the central part of the island of Honshū, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the imperial capital of Japan, it is now the capital of Kyoto Prefecture, as well as a major part of the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. The Iwashimizu Hachimangu, a Shinto shrine in Yawata. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Map of the regions of Japan. ... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshu. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... The Iwashimizu Hachimangu, a Shinto shrine in Yawata. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Species About 350, including: Salix alba - White Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix caprea- Goat Willow Salix caroliniana - Coastal Plain Willow Salix cinerea - Grey Sallow Salix fragilis - Crack Willow Salix herbacea - Dwarf Willow Salix lanata - Woolly Willow Salix... Binomial name Cercidiphyllum japonicum Siebold & Zucc. ... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... Species About 100–250 species, including: Camellia assimilis Camellia brevistyla Camellia caudata Camellia chekiangoleosa Camellia chrysantha – Golden Camellia Camellia connata Camellia crapnelliana Camellia cuspidata Camellia euphlebia Camellia euryoides Camellia forrestii Camellia fraterna Camellia furfuracea Camellia granthamiana Camellia grijsii Camellia hongkongensis - Hong Kong Camellia Camellia irrawadiensis Camellia japonica – Japanese Camellia Camellia... Species see text Source: The Rhododendron page, and some research. ... For other uses, see Cherry (disambiguation). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... An address is a code and abstract concept expressing the fixed location of a home, business or other building on the earths surface. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits that uniquely indicates the network termination point. ... Image File history File links Kyoto-shi. ... A city ) is a local administrative unit in Japan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tokyo, the seat of the Government of Japan and home of the Emperor, is the capital of Japan. ... The Iwashimizu Hachimangu, a Shinto shrine in Yawata. ... ÅŒsaka-Kōbe-Kyōto is the name of a metropolitan area that is centered around the cities of Osaka in the Osaka prefecture, Kobe in the Hyogo prefecture, and Kyoto in the Kyoto prefecture. ...

Contents

History

Although archaeological evidence places the first human settlement on the islands of Japan to approximately 10,000 BC, relatively little is known about human activity in the area before the 6th century AD. During the 8th century, when the powerful Buddhist clergy became involved in the affairs of the Imperial government, the Emperor chose to relocate the capital to a region far from the Buddhist influence. Emperor Kammu selected the village of Uda, at the time in the Kadono district of Yamashiro Province, for this honor.[1] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 404 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2941 × 4363 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 404 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2941 × 4363 pixel, file size: 1. ... For referencing in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Citing sources. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... Emperor Kanmu Emperor Kanmu ) (737–806) was the 50th imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Categories: Japan geography stubs | Old provinces of Japan ...


The new city, Heian-kyō (平安京 "tranquility and peace capital"), became the seat of Japan's imperial court in 794, beginning the Heian period of Japanese history. In the 11th century, the city was renamed Kyoto ("capital city").[2] Kyoto remained Japan's capital until the transfer of the government to Edo in 1868 at the time of the Imperial Restoration. (Some believe that it is still a legal capital: see Capital of Japan.) After Edo was renamed Tokyo (meaning "Eastern Capital"), Kyoto was known for a short time as Saikyo (西京 Saikyō, meaning "Western Capital"). Heian kyō(平安京)was the capital of Japan from 794 to 1180 & 1180 to 1868. ... Events Kyoto becomes the Japanese capital. ... The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Heian Period. ... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei Pre-History/The Origin of History Jomon Period Main... Edo (Japanese: , literally: bay-door, estuary, pronounced //), once also spelled Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of the Japanese capital Tokyo. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japans political and social structure. ... Tokyo, the seat of the Government of Japan and home of the Emperor, is the capital of Japan. ... Edo (Japanese: , literally: bay-door, estuary, pronounced //), once also spelled Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of the Japanese capital Tokyo. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ...


An obsolete spelling for the city's name is Kioto; it was formerly known to the West as Meaco or Miako (Japanese: 都; miyako, meaning "the seat of Imperial palace" or "capital".). Another term commonly used to refer to the city in the pre-modern period was Keishi (京師), meaning "metropolis" or "capital".


The city suffered extensive destruction in the Ōnin War of 1467-1477, and did not really recover until the mid-16th century. Battles between samurai factions spilled into the streets, and came to involve the court nobility (kuge) and religious factions as well. Nobles' mansions were transformed into fortresses, deep trenches dug throughout the city for defense and as firebreaks, and numerous buildings burned. The city has not seen such widespread destruction since. There was some consideration by the United States of targeting Kyoto with an atomic bomb at the end of World War II because, as an intellectual center of Japan, it had a population "better able to appreciate the significance of the weapon." In the end it was decided to remove the city from the list of targets due to the insistance of Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War in the Roosevelt and Truman administrations. The city was largely spared from conventional bombing as well, although small-scale air raids have resulted in casualties. Marker at location of outbreak of ÅŒnin War The ÅŒnin War (応仁の乱 ÅŒnin no Ran) was a civil war from 1467 to 1477 during the Muromachi period in Japan. ... The kuge (公家) was a Japanese aristocratic class that dominated the Japanese imperial court in Kyoto until the rise of the Shogunate in the 12th century at which point it was eclipsed by the daimyo. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Henry L. Stimson Henry Lewis Stimson (September 21, 1867 – October 20, 1950) was an American statesman, who served as Secretary of War, Governor-General of the Philippines, and Secretary of State at various times. ...

The city's skyline includes the modern and the traditional.
The city's skyline includes the modern and the traditional.

As a result, Kyoto is one of the few Japanese cities that still have an abundance of prewar buildings, such as the traditional townhouses known as machiya. However, modernization is continually breaking down the traditional Kyoto in favor of newer architecture, such as the Kyoto Station complex. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1792x1200, 270 KB) Summary Kyoto Skyline Photo taken by me on July 3, 2006. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1792x1200, 270 KB) Summary Kyoto Skyline Photo taken by me on July 3, 2006. ... Machiya are traditional wooden townhouses found throughout Japan and typified in the historical capital of Kyoto. ... Christmas tree in Kyoto Station, as viewed from outside the main JR gate, looking west. ...


Kyoto became a city designated by government ordinance on September 1, 1956. In 1997, Kyoto hosted the conference that resulted in the protocol on greenhouse gas emissions that bears the city's name. A position of each city designated by government ordinance A city designated by government ordinance (a designated city or Government Ordinance City (Japanese: 政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi)) is a Japanese city that has a population greater than 500,000; has important economic and industrial functions; and that is... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Opened for signature December 11, 1997 in Kyoto, Japan Entered into force February 16, 2005. ... Top: Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured in the atmosphere and ice cores. ...


A common English pronunciation of Kyoto has three syllables as /key-oh-toe/ [kʰi'otəʊ]. The Japanese pronunciation has three as well, however it is read with a different emphasis: [kyo-oh-toe].


Geography

Autumn in Kyoto attracts throngs of tourists to temples like this.
Autumn in Kyoto attracts throngs of tourists to temples like this.
Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Japan Japan
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 688
Region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1994  (18th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Kyoto was located in a valley, part of the Yamashiro (or Kyoto) Basin, in the eastern part of the mountainous region known as the Tamba highlands. The Yamashiro Basin is surrounded on three sides by mountains known as Higashiyama, Kitayama and Nishiyama, with a height just above 1000 meters above sea level. This interior positioning results in hot summers and cold winters. There are three rivers in the basin, the Ujigawa to the south, the Katsuragawa to the west, and the Kamogawa to the east. Kyoto City takes up 1.9% of the land in the prefecture with an area of 827.9 km². Kyoto Japan maple leaves in Autumn I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... Kyoto Japan maple leaves in Autumn I took this photograph and contribute it to the public domain. ... Byodoin Uji (Japanese: 宇治市; -shi) is a city on the southern outskirts of the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. ... ÅŒtsu ) is the capital city of Shiga, Japan. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Asia, Australia and the Pacific (Australasia). ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


The original city was arranged in accordance with traditional Chinese geomancy following the model of the ancient Chinese capital of Chang'an (present-day Xi'an). The Imperial Palace faced south, resulting in Ukyō (the right sector of the capital) being on the west while Sakyō (the left sector) is on the east. The streets in the modern-day wards of Nakagyō, Shimogyō, and Kamigyō still follow a grid pattern. Geomancer redirects here. ... For other uses, see Changan (disambiguation). ... Xian redirects here. ... The modern reconstruction of the Heian Palace Daigokuden in Heian JingÅ«, Kyoto The Heian Palace was the original imperial palace of Heian-kyō (the present-day Kyoto), the capital of Japan from 794 to 1868. ... Nijo Castle in Nakagyo-ku is famous for architecture and gardens. ... Kyoto Tower is visible from miles away. ... Kamigyo (上京区, -ku) is one of the 11 wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. ...


Today, the main business district is located to the south of the old Imperial Palace, with the less-populated northern area retaining a far greener feel. Surrounding areas do not follow the same grid pattern as the center of the city, though streets throughout Kyoto share the distinction of having names. Kyoto Gosho (京都御所), or Kyoto Palace, was the Imperial Palace of Japan for much of its history, from the Heian Period, when the Imperial capital was moved from Nara to Heian-kyo, now called Kyoto, until the Meiji Restoration, when the capital was moved to Tokyo. ...


Kyoto sits atop a large natural water table that provides the city with ample freshwater wells. Due to large scale urbanization, the amount of rain draining into the table is dwindling and wells across the area are drying at an increasing rate.


Politics and government

The directly elected executive mayor in Kyoto is as of 2008 Daisaku Kadokawa, an independent supported by the Liberal Democratic Party. The legislative city assembly has 68 elected members. This section needs to be updated. ...


Elections

  • Kyoto mayoral election, 2008

Wards

The Golden Pavilion is the best known temple in Kyoto and probably in Japan.
Torii form an archway at Fushimi Inari Shrine.
Torii form an archway at Fushimi Inari Shrine.
Main article: Wards of Kyoto

Kyoto has eleven wards. They are (colors from the map above) Kinkaku-ji from across the Kyōko-chi (Mirror Pond) Kinkaku-ji Golden Pavilion Temple) is the informal name of Rokuon-ji (鹿苑寺, Deer Garden Temple) in Kyoto, Japan. ... Download high resolution version (3072x2048, 1145 KB)larger version of my Kyoto Fushimi Inari Torii photo * Author: me, Paul Vlaar * Source: http://www. ... Download high resolution version (3072x2048, 1145 KB)larger version of my Kyoto Fushimi Inari Torii photo * Author: me, Paul Vlaar * Source: http://www. ... A famous floating torii at Itsukushima Shrine Multiple torii at Fushimi Inari-taisha, Kyoto Torii are widespread in Japan, to the extent that modern architecture sometimes emulates their form, such as at Kanazawa Station. ... The gates at Fushimi Inari Fushimi Inari Taisha ) is a shinto jinja (shrine) dedicated to the spirit Inari, located in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan. ... The city of Kyoto in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan has eleven wards. ... A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ...

  • Fushimi-ku (伏見区) - orange
  • Higashiyama-ku (東山区) - pink
  • Kamigyo-ku (上京区) - dark blue
  • Kita-ku (北区) - light blue
  • Minami-ku (南区) - light green
  • Nakagyo-ku (中京区) - yellow
  • Nishikyo-ku (西京区) - forest green
  • Sakyo-ku (左京区) - olive green
  • Shimogyo-ku (下京区) - red
  • Ukyo-ku (右京区) - brown
  • Yamashina-ku (山科区) - purple

Together, they comprise the city of Kyoto. Like other cities in Japan, Kyoto has a single mayor and a city council. Categories: Japan-related stubs ... Higashiyama-ku (東山区), literally meaning Eastern Mountain District, is a district or ward of Japans Kyoto City. ... Kamigyo (上京区, -ku) is one of the 11 wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. ... Kinkaku, the Golden Pavillion of Rokuon-ji, is one of the most famous landmarks of Kita-ku. ... This stone marks the location of the former Rashōmon, the gate immortalized in the Akira Kurosawa film. ... Nijo Castle in Nakagyo-ku is famous for architecture and gardens. ... Katsura Imperial Villa, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto Nishikyo ) is one of the eleven wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. ... This ukiyo-e by Hiroshige shows Yase, a village now in Sakyō-ku, during the Edo period. ... Kyoto Tower is visible from miles away. ... The karesansui garden at Ryoan-ji is one of Kyotos most famous sights. ... Tomb of Emperor Tenji Yamashina ) is one of the eleven wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. ...


Culture

Although ravaged by wars, fires, and earthquakes during its eleven centuries as the imperial capital, Kyoto was spared from the firebombing of World War II. With its 2000 Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines, as well as palaces, gardens and architecture intact, it is one of the best preserved cities in Japan. Among the most famous temples in Japan are Kiyomizu-dera, a magnificent wooden temple supported by pillars off the slope of a mountain; Kinkaku-ji, the Temple of the Golden Pavilion; Ginkaku-ji, the Temple of the Silver Pavilion; and Ryōan-ji, famous for its rock garden. The Heian Jingū is a Shinto shrine, built in 1895, celebrating the Imperial family and commemorating the first and last emperors to reside in Kyoto. Three special sites have connections to the imperial family: the Kyoto Gyoen area including the Kyoto Imperial Palace and Sento Imperial Palace, homes of the Emperors of Japan for many centuries; Katsura Imperial Villa, one of the nation's finest architectural treasures; and Shugaku-in Imperial Villa, one of its best Japanese gardens. Firebombing is a bombing technique designed to damage a target, generally an urban area, through the use of fire rather than the blast effects of large bombs. ... Buddhism is a variety of teachings described as a religion[1] or way of life. ... A torii is a gate leading to a jinja. ... Kiyomizu-dera Kiyomizu-dera (or Kiyomizudera, 清水寺) refers to several Buddhist temples but most commonly to Otowasan Kiyomizudera (音羽山清水寺) in Eastern Kyoto, and one of the best known sights of the city. ... Kinkaku-ji from across the Kyōko-chi (Mirror Pond) Kinkaku-ji Golden Pavilion Temple) is the informal name of Rokuon-ji (鹿苑寺, Deer Garden Temple) in Kyoto, Japan. ... Ginkakuji Ginkakuji with stone garden Ginkaku-ji ), the Temple of the Silver Pavilion, is a Buddhist temple in the Higashiyama District of Kyoto, Japan. ... Ryōan-ji dry garden San-mon gate to the temple Ryōan-ji (jp: 竜安寺 or 龍安寺), The Temple of the Peaceful Dragon is a Zen temple located in northwest Kyoto, Japan. ... Shinto shrine Heian JingÅ«s torii The Heian JingÅ« (平安神宮) is a Shinto shrine located in Kyoto, Japan. ... Kyoto Gosho (京都御所), or Kyoto Palace, was the Imperial Palace of Japan for much of its history, from the Heian Period, when the Imperial capital was moved from Nara to Heian-kyo, now called Kyoto, until the Meiji Restoration, when the capital was moved to Tokyo. ... Seika-tei with beach The Sento Imperial Palace or Sento-gosho (仙洞御所 土橋, 22 acres, 8. ... The following is a traditional list of Emperors of Japan. ... Garden of Katsura Imperial Villa Katsura Imperial Villa or Katsura Detached Palace (jp: 桂離宮 Katsura rikyÅ«) is a villa with associated gardens and outbuildings in the western suburbs of Kyoto, Japan (in Nishikyo-ku, separate from the Kyoto Imperial Palace). ... The ShÅ«gaku-in imperial villa (or ShÅ«gaku-in detached palace, its formal name; jp ShÅ«gaku-in rikyÅ«) is a set of gardens and outbuildings (mostly tea-houses) in the hills of the eastern suburbs of Kyoto, Japan (separate from the Kyoto Imperial Palace). ... Stone lantern amid plants. ...


Other notable sites in Kyoto include Arashiyama and its picturesque lake, the Gion and Pontochō geisha quarters, the Philosopher's Walk, and the canals which line some of the older streets. Arashiyama (嵐山), sometimes Ranzan, is an exclusive district on the western outskirts of Kyoto, Japan. ... Shirakara Canal in the Gion district, showing the rear of some ochaya Exclusive restaurants line the streets of Gion. ... Pontochō (先斗町) is a district in Kyoto, Japan known for geisha and home to many geisha houses and traditional tea houses. ... Typical nape make-up Geisha ) or Geigi ) are traditional, female Japanese entertainers, whose skills include performing various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance. ... Path of philosophy Cherry trees in blossom on the path For the footpath of the same name in Toronto, Canada, see Philosophers Walk (Toronto). ...

Typical maiko dress, hair ornaments, and nape make-up
Typical maiko dress, hair ornaments, and nape make-up
A monk by the Katsura River in Arashiyama.
A monk by the Katsura River in Arashiyama.

The "Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto" are listed by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. These include the Kamo Shrines (Kami and Shimo), Kyō-ō-Gokokuji (Tō-ji), Kiyomizu-dera, Daigo-ji, Ninna-ji, Saihō-ji (Kokedera), Tenryū-ji, Rokuon-ji (Kinkaku-ji), Jishō-ji (Ginkaku-ji), Ryōan-ji, Hongan-ji, Kōzan-ji and the Nijo Castle, primarily built by the Tokugawa shoguns. Other sites outside the city are also on the list. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 497 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (872 × 1,052 pixels, file size: 203 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 497 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (872 × 1,052 pixels, file size: 203 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Maiko (apprentice geisha) in Kyoto, Japan Geisha (芸者) are traditional Japanese artist-entertainers. ... Look up nape in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cosmetics or makeup are substances to enhance the beauty of the human body, apart from simple cleaning. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1296x1784, 1653 KB) Summary Same as Japanese buddhist monk by Arashiyama. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1296x1784, 1653 KB) Summary Same as Japanese buddhist monk by Arashiyama. ... Katsura River (桂川 Katsuragawa) is actually a continuation of 2 other rivers, Hozu River, a small, speedy river which begins in the mountains near Kameoka and the slithers through the mountains seperating Kameoka and Kyoto, and Oi River (not the same Oi River from Shizuoka), which emerges from those mountains and... Arashiyama (嵐山), sometimes Ranzan, is an exclusive district on the western outskirts of Kyoto, Japan. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... A pair of torii gates at the Shimogamo Shrine The Kamo Shrines, Kamigamo Jinja ) and Shimogamo Jinja ) are a pair of Shinto shrines in Kyoto, Japan. ... Five-story pagoda of Tōji Tōji (東寺; とうじ) is a Buddhist temple of the Shingon sect in Kyoto, Japan. ... Kiyomizu-dera Kiyomizu-dera (or Kiyomizudera, 清水寺) refers to several Buddhist temples but most commonly to Otowasan Kiyomizudera (音羽山清水寺) in Eastern Kyoto, and one of the best known sights of the city. ... The five-story pagoda is a national treasure of Japan. ... A garden at Ninnaji Ninnaji Temple (仁和寺) is a large temple complex in northwest Kyoto founded in 888 by the retired Emperor Uda. ... This is the current Japanese collaboration! Please help improve it to featured article standard. ... Autumn foliage on the grounds of TenryÅ«-ji TenryÅ«-ji )—more formally known as TenryÅ« Shiseizen-ji )—is the head temple of the TenryÅ« sect of Rinzai Zen Buddhism, located in Susukinobaba-chō, Ukyō Ward, Kyoto, Japan. ... Kinkaku-ji from across the Kyōko-chi (Mirror Pond) Kinkaku-ji Golden Pavilion Temple) is the informal name of Rokuon-ji (鹿苑寺, Deer Garden Temple) in Kyoto, Japan. ... Ginkakuji Ginkakuji with stone garden Ginkaku-ji ), the Temple of the Silver Pavilion, is a Buddhist temple in the Higashiyama District of Kyoto, Japan. ... Ryōan-ji dry garden San-mon gate to the temple Ryōan-ji (jp: 竜安寺 or 龍安寺), The Temple of the Peaceful Dragon is a Zen temple located in northwest Kyoto, Japan. ... Honden, or main hall, of Higashi Hongan-ji, Kyoto Hongan-ji ) is the name of a number of Buddhist temples across Japans history. ... The path to Kōzan-ji Kōzan-ji ), or Togao-san Kōzan-ji ), is an Omuro Buddhist temple located in Ume-ga-hata Toganoo-chō, Ukyō Ward, Kyoto, Japan. ... Nijō Castle (二条城; -jō) is located in Kyoto, Japan. ... The Tokugawa shogunate or Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府) (also known as the Edo bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship of Japan established in 1603 by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family until 1868. ...


Kyoto is renowned for its abundance of delicious Japanese foods and cuisine. The special circumstances of Kyoto as a city away from the sea and home to many Buddhist temples resulted in the development of a variety of vegetables peculiar to the Kyoto area (kyōyasai 京野菜).


Japan's television and film industry has its center in Kyoto. Many jidaigeki, action films featuring samurai, were shot at Toei Uzumasa Eigamura[1]. A film set and theme park in one, Eigamura features replicas of traditional Japanese buildings which are used for jidaigeki. Among the sets are a replica of the old Nihonbashi (the bridge at the entry to Edo), a traditional courthouse, a Meiji Period police box and part of the former Yoshiwara red-light district. Actual film shooting takes place occasionally, and visitors are welcome to observe the action. Jidaigeki (時代劇) is a genre of film and television in Japan. ... Nihonbashi (the bridge) Marker from which distances are measured Bank of Japan For the place in Osaka written with the same kanji in Japanese, see Nipponbashi. ... Edo (Japanese: , literally: bay-door, estuary, pronounced //), once also spelled Yedo or Yeddo, is the former name of the Japanese capital Tokyo. ... This koban is a landmark in the Ginza district of Tokyo A kōban (交番) is a Japanese police box. ... Prostitutes on display in Yoshiwara during the Edo Period This movie set in Kyoto recreates the appearance of a red-light district such as Yoshiwara. ...


The Kyoto International Manga Museum is also situated in Kyoto. For an entrance fee visitors are able to view exhibitions and read as much manga as they desire. It is trying to acquire every manga ever published and so far houses approximately 200,000 titles.


Economy

The exterior of Nintendo's main headquarters in Kyoto
The exterior of Nintendo's main headquarters in Kyoto

Tourism forms a large base of Kyoto's economy. The city's cultural heritages are constantly visited by school groups from across Japan, and many foreign tourists also stop in Kyoto. In 2007, the city government announced that a record number of tourists had visited Kyoto for the sixth year in a row [3], and it was chosen as the second most beautiful city in Japan, in a regional brand survey.[4] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1888x1323, 782 KB) ファイルの概要 任天堂本社 京都市南区 2006年2月18日に投稿者が撮影 Head Quarters of Nintendo, Minami-ku, Kyoto, Japan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1888x1323, 782 KB) ファイルの概要 任天堂本社 京都市南区 2006年2月18日に投稿者が撮影 Head Quarters of Nintendo, Minami-ku, Kyoto, Japan. ... For the video game system, see Nintendo Entertainment System. ...


The city's industry is mainly comprised of small plants, most of which are run by artisans who produce traditional Japanese crafts. Kyoto's kimono weavers are particularly renowned, and the city remains the premier center of kimono manufacturing. Such businesses, vibrant in past centuries, have declined in recent years as sales of traditional goods stagnate. A traditional wedding kimono The kimono literally something worn) is the national costume of Japan. ...


Kyoto's only sizable heavy industry is electronics: the city is home to the headquarters of Nintendo, OMRON, Kyocera, and Murata Machinery. The apparel giant Wacoal also operates in Kyoto. However, the growth of high-tech industry has not outpaced the decline in traditional industry, and as a result, Kyoto's total output has declined relative to other cities in Japan. For the video game system, see Nintendo Entertainment System. ... OMRON is a Japanese electronics company in Kyoto, Kyoto. ... Kyocera Corporation ) (TYO: 6971 , NYSE: KYO) is a Japanese company based in Kyoto, Japan. ... Headquarters of Murata Machinery in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan Murata Machinery, Ltd. ... Wacoal is a worldwide lingerie manufacturer and marketer headquartered in Kyoto, Japan. ...


Colleges and universities

Campus Plaza Kyoto.
Campus Plaza Kyoto.

Home to thirty-seven institutions of higher education, Kyoto is one of the academic centers of the country. Kyoto University, one of Japan's national universities, is considered to be one of the top universities in Japan, with several Nobel laureates, for example Yukawa Hideki. The Kyoto Institute of Technology is also among the most famous universities in Japan, and is considered to be one of the best universities for architecture and design in the country. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2254x2054, 588 KB) ファイルの概要 Work by ignis 34°59′21. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2254x2054, 588 KB) ファイルの概要 Work by ignis 34°59′21. ... Kyoto University ), abbreviated to Kyodai ) is a national coeducational research university in Kyoto, Japan. ... There are 89 National Universities (kokuritsu daigaku 国立大学) in Japan. ... Hideki Yukawa Hideki Yukawa (湯川 秀樹, January 23, 1907 - September 8, 1981) was a Japanese theoretical physicist and the first Japanese person to win the Nobel prize. ... The Kyoto Institute of Technology ) in Sakyō-ku, Kyoto, Japan is one of the national universities of Japan. ...


Kyoto also has a unique higher education network called the Consortium of Universities in Kyoto, which consists of three national, five public (prefectural and municipal), and 41 private universities, as well as the city and four other organizations. The consortium does not offer a degree, but offers the courses as part of a degree at participating universities.[5]


As well as more than 30 Japanese universities and colleges, American universities also find the city as an important city of education and research. Kyoto Consortium for Japanese Studies (KCJS) is a consortium of 14 American universities that sponsors a rigorous, two-semester academic program for undergraduates who wish to do advanced work in Japanese language and cultural studies. In addition, Stanford University has its own Japan Center in Kyoto. [6]
Stanford redirects here. ...


Transportation

The interior of Sanzen'in.
The interior of Sanzen'in.

Kyoto Station is the center for transportation in the city. The second-largest in Japan, it houses a shopping mall, hotel, movie theater, Isetan department store, and several local government facilities under one fifteen-story roof. The Tōkaidō Shinkansen Line (see below) as well as all local rail lines connect here. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1791x1220, 637 KB) Sanzenin, a Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1791x1220, 637 KB) Sanzenin, a Buddhist temple in Kyoto, Japan. ... Christmas tree in Kyoto Station, as viewed from outside the main JR gate, looking west. ...


Kyoto's municipal bus network and subway system are extensive. Private carriers also operate within the city. Many tourists join commuters on the public buses, or take taxis or tour buses. Buses operating on routes within the city, the region, and the nation stop at Kyoto Station. Kyoto's buses have announcements in English and electronic signs with stops written in the Latin alphabet. Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau (京都市交通局 Kyōto-shi kōtsū-kyoku) operates municipal subways and city buses in Kyoto, Japan. ...


Most city buses have a fixed fare, but a one-day bus pass and a combined unlimited train and bus pass are also available. These are especially useful for visiting many different points of interest within Kyoto. The bus information center just outside the central station handles tickets and passes. The municipal transport company publishes a very useful leaflet called "Bus Navi." It contains a route map for the bus lines to most sights and fare information. This too is available at the information center in front of the main station.


The Tōkaidō Shinkansen provides passenger rail service linking Kyoto with Nagoya and Tokyo (in one direction) and with nearby Osaka and points west (in the other direction). The trip from Tokyo takes just over two hours. Another way to access Kyoto is via Kansai International Airport. The Haruka Express carries passengers from the airport to Kyoto Station in 72 minutes. There are also frequent services on JR West, Keihan, Hankyu, Kintetsu, and other lines to other cities in the Kansai region. Tokaido Shinkansen route Tōkaidō Shinkansen (東海道新幹線) is the original Shinkansen line that opened in 1964 between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka. ... Nagoya Castle Nagoya (名古屋市; -shi) is the fourth largest (third largest metropolitan region) and the third most prosperous city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... KIX redirects here. ... Kansai Airport Express, Haruka (関空特急はるか, kankÅ«tokkyÅ« haruka) is a limited express train service between Kyoto Station and Kansai Airport Station in the Kansai Region, Japan. ... Christmas tree in Kyoto Station, as viewed from outside the main JR gate, looking west. ... West Japan Railway Company (西日本旅客鉄道株式会社 Nishi Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudô Kabushiki Gaisha), commonly known as JR-West (JR西日本 JR Nishi Nihon), is one of JR companies in Japan that covers western Honshu. ... Keihan 1900 Series keihan 9000 Series Keihan 10000 Series Keihan 8000 Series Keihan Bus Keihan Electric Railway Co. ... Hankyu Umeda Station and Department Store Hankyu Railway (阪急電鉄, HankyÅ« Dentetsu) is a Japanese private railway that provides commuter and interurban service to the northern Kansai region. ... The Kintetsu Corporation (近畿日本鉄道株式会社 Kinki Nippon Tetsudō Kabushiki Gaisha), better known as Kintetsu (近鉄), is Japanese largest private railway company. ... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshu. ...


Cycling forms a very important form of personal transportation in the city, to an extent that bicycle culture forms a part of Kyoto's urban identity. The geography and scale of the city are such that the city may be easily navigated on a bicycle. Police officer on a bicycle Cycling is a means of transport, a form of recreation and a sport. ... Many cities contain subcultures of bicycle enthusiasts, including racers, bicycle messengers, bicycle transportation activists, mutant bicycle fabricators, bicycle mechanics, and cyclists who share an interest in peace and justice activism or various counter-culture groups. ...


Festivals

Food and crafts adorn every street during the Gion matsuri. Photo taken 2007.
Food and crafts adorn every street during the Gion matsuri. Photo taken 2007.

Major festivals punctuate Kyoto's calendar. The first is the Aoi Matsuri on May 15. Two months later (July 14 to 17) is the Gion Matsuri, culminating in a massive parade. Kyoto marks the Bon Festival with the Gozan Okuribi, lighting fires on mountains to guide the spirits home (August 16). The October 22 Jidai Matsuri, Festival of the Ages, celebrates Kyoto's illustrious past. The Aoi Matsuri (Festival) in Kyoto The Aoi Matsuri (葵祭り) is a festival that takes place annually on May 15 in Kyoto, Japan. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... People and floats fill the streets at the Gion Matsuri. ... Illuminated by the Albuquerque Bridge, Japanese volunteers place candle lit lanterns into the Sasebo River during the Obon festival. ... Gozan Okuribi, more simply known as Daimonji, is one of the iconic festivals of Kyoto. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Kyoto Jidai Matsuri (Festival of Ages) is held annually in Kyoto, Japan on October 22. ...


Sports

In football (soccer), Kyoto is represented by Kyoto Sanga F.C. who rose to J. League's Division 1 in 2005. With the popularity of the nearby Hanshin Tigers, Kyoto has never had a team in Nippon Professional Baseball, though the Tigers play several neutral-site games at Kyoto's Nishi Kyogoku stadium every year. Soccer redirects here. ... Nishikyogoku Stadium Kyoto Sanga F.C. ) is a Japanese professional football (soccer) club based in Kyoto. ... The Japan Professional Football League ), or J.League ), is the top professional football (soccer) league in Japan and one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Part of the History of baseball series. ...


Additionally, Kyoto's high school baseball teams are strong, with Heian and Toba in particular making strong showings recently at the annual tournament held in Koshien Stadium, Nishinomiya, near Osaka. Hanshin Kōshien Stadium during the 1992 Kōshien tournament View from the Alps stands In Japan, high school baseball (高校野球: kōkō yakyū) generally refers to the 2 annual baseball tournaments played by high schools nationwide culminating at a final showdown at Hanshin Kōshien Stadium in Nishinomiya, Japan. ... Hanshin Kōshien Stadium (阪神甲子園球場, Hanshin Kōshien Kyūjō) is a baseball park located near Kobe in Nishinomiya, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. ... Nishinomiya (西宮市; Nishinomiya-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo, Japan, between the cities of Ōsaka and Kōbe. ...


Sister cities

Reference: Sister and Other Associated Cities, Kyoto's official web site. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Boston redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Xian redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ...


References

  1. ^ Kyoto Exhibitors' Association (1910) Kyoto Kyoto Exhibitors' Association of the Japan-British exhibition, Kyoto, p. 3 OCLC 1244391
  2. ^ Lowe, John. (2000). Old Kyoto: A short Social History, p. x.
  3. ^ Kyoto tourism setting new record for 6th year in a row - Japan News Review
  4. ^ Sapporo picked as "most attractive town" for 2nd consecutive year - J-Cast
  5. ^ http://www.consortium.or.jp/english/index.html
  6. ^ Stanford Japan Center
  • Lone, John. (2000). Old Kyoto: A Short Social History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-590940-2
  • Ponsonby-Fane, Richard A. B. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869. Kyoto: The Ponsonby Memorial Society.
  • Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). [Siyun-sai Rin-siyo/Hayashi Gahō, 1652], Nipon o daï itsi ran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland....Click link for digitized, full-text copy of this book (in French)

Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ... Isaac Titsingh (born 10 January 1745 in Amsterdam, died 2 February 1812 in Paris) [1]. Dutch surgeon, scholar, merchant-trader and ambassador. ... Hayashi Gahō (林鵞峰) (1618 – 1688) was a Japanese Neo-Confucian scholar, teacher and administrator in the system of higher education maintained by the Tokugawa bakufu during the Edo period. ... Nihon odai ichiran , Table of the rulers of Japan) is a 17th century chronicle of the serial reigns of Japanese emperors with brief notes about some of the noteworthy events or other happenings during each period. ... Article 90a of the bylaws of the Royal Asiatic Society. ...

See also

  • List of Shinto shrines in Kyoto
  • List of Kyoto's Buddhist Temples
  • List of Kyoto's Bridges
  • List of Kyoto's Fires

These are some, but not all of the Buddhist Temples in the municipality of Kyoto and Kyoto Prefecture: The Heian period in Kyoto (794-1229) The Kōryu-ji or the Uzamasa-dera[1] The Rokkaku-dō[2] The Kiyomizu-dera[3] The Enryaku-ji[4] The Yamashiro Kokubun-ji... These are some, but not all of the bridges of the City of Kyoto: Minsono-bashi Kamigamo Bridge Nakagamo-bashi Idzumoji-bashi Aoi-bashi Kojin-bashi Marutamachi-bashi Ebisugawa-bashi Nijo-hashi Sanjo-hashi Shijo-hashi or Gion-hashi Matsubara-hashi Gojo Bridge Shomen-bashi Shichijo-hashi Shiokoji-bashi // Ponsonby... These are the major fires which have devastated Kyoto: Hoei fire -- Hoei era Nishijin fire Temmei fire -- Temmei era Ganji fire // Ponsonby-Fane, Richard A. B. (1956). ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Kyoto - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1489 words)
Kyoto is located on the middle-western portion of the island of Honshu.
Kyoto's kimono weavers are particularly renowned, and the city remains the premier center of kimono manufacturing.
Kyoto is known as one of the academic centers of the country, and is home to thirty-seven institutions of higher education.
Kyoto Prefecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (842 words)
Although in 1192 real political power shifted to Kamakura, where a samurai clan established the shogunate, Kyoto still remained the imperial capital as the powerless emperors and their court continued to be seated in the city.
Kyoto is located almost in the center of Honshu and of Japan.
Kyoto is separated in the middle by the Tanba Mountains.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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