Kyasanur forest disease is a tick-borne viral hemorrhagic fever endemic to South Asia.The disease was first reported from Kyasanur Forest of Karnataka in India. The disease was first manifested as an epizootic outbreak among monkeys killing several of them in the year 1957. Hence the disease is also known as Monkey Disease. It was found out that the disease is caused by a virus belonging to the family Flavi Viridae. The reservoir hosts for the disease are porcupines, rats and mice. The vector for disease transmission was found to be Haemophysalis spinigera , a forest tick. Humans contracted infection from the bite of nymphs of the tick. The disese has a high morbidity rate of 100 % . The clinical manifestations of the disease in humans are: Tick-borne diseases are diseases or illnesses transmitted by ticks. ... Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a group of illnesses that are caused by several distinct families of viruses: Arenavirus, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae and Flavivirus. ... Composite satellite image of the Indian subcontinent Map of South Asia. ... Karnataka (à²à²°à³à²¨à²¾à²à² in Kannada) is one of the four southern states of India. ... An epizootic is the nonhuman equivalent of an epidemic, meaning that large numbers of animals are infected with a disease. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Genera Family Erethizontidae Coendou Sphiggurus Erethizon Echinoprocta Family Hystricidae Atherurus Hystrix Thecurus Trichys The porcupine is a rodent known for its coat of sharp spines, or quills that defend it from predators. ... VECTOR is the name of a Human Capital Management tool from the UK company Vector Management Systems. ... Families Ixodidae - Hard ticks Argasidae - Soft ticks Tick is the common name for the small wingless arachnids that, along with mites, constitute the order Acarina. ... For other uses of nymph see Nymph (disambiguation). ... In epidemiology, the morbidity rate is a ratio that measures the incidence and prevalence of a specific disease. ...
Haemorrhages from nasal cavity and throat
The affected persons may recover in two weeks time. But the convalescence period is very long, lasting for several months. There will be muscle aches and weakness during this period and the affected person is unable to engage in physical activities. Prophylaxis by vaccination and preventive measures like protective clothings and tick and mosquito control are advised. An attenuated live vaccine is now available for the vaccination. Specific treatments are not available. Prophylaxis refers to any medical or public health procedure whose purpose is to prevent, rather than treat or cure, disease. ... Attenuation is the decrease of the amount, force, magnitude, or value of something. ...
Some types of the disease use many different kinds of mammals as hosts, and some of those hosts--like the domestic dog and the wild fox in the case of American visceral leishmaniasis or the opossum in the case of cutaneous leishmaniasis--are extremely adaptable to habitat change.
Sandflies transmitted the disease from the sloths and anteaters that inhabited the nearby primary forest.
First identified in 1937 in the tropical forests of southern India after which it is named, KyasanurForestDisease peaked in 1983 with 1555 cases and 180 deaths recorded that year.
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