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Encyclopedia > Kwame Toure
Carmichael amidst a demonstration near the United States Capitol protesting the House of Representatives' action denying Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., his seat, 1967.
Carmichael amidst a demonstration near the United States Capitol protesting the House of Representatives' action denying Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., his seat, 1967.

Stokely Carmichael (June 29, 1941November 15, 1998), also known as Kwame Ture, was a Trinidadian-American black activist and leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee(SNCC) and the Black Panther Party. He later became a black separatist and a Pan-Africanist. Image File history File links Stokely_Carmichael_1967. ... The United States Capitol Capitol Hill redirects here. ... House of Representatives is a name used for legislative bodies in many countries. ... Adam Clayton Powell (left) with Martin Luther King: both were prominent civil rights leaders. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... National motto: Together we aspire, together we achieve Official language English Capital Port of Spain President George Maxwell Richards Prime Minister Patrick Manning Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 163rd 5,128 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 151st 1,262,366 215/km² HDI (2003) 0. ... The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (or SNCC, pronounced snick) was one of the primary institutions of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. ... Logo of the Black Panther Party. ... Political separatism is a movement to obtain sovereignty and split a territory or group of people (usually a people with a distinctive national consciousness) from one another (or one nation from another; a colony from the metropolis). ... Pan-African people are all people with African physical features. ...


Born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, Carmichael moved with his family to New York when he was eleven. He went to Howard University and joined SNCC. In his first year at the university he participated in the Freedom Rides of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and was arrested, spending time in jail. He would go on to be arrested many times, losing count at 32. Port of Spain, population 49,000 (2000), is the capital of Trinidad and Tobago and the countrys second largest city by population, after San Fernando. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq. ... Howard University is a historically black university in Washington, D.C.. Notable alumni include Toni Morrison, Thurgood Marshall, Ossie Davis, Debbie Allen, and Phylicia Rashad. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Freedom Riders. ... The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE is a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 20th century. ...


After having helped organize voting rights drives in Mississippi in 1964, in Selma in 1965, and in Lowndes County, Alabama in 1966, he became chair of SNCC in 1966, taking over from John Lewis. A few weeks after Carmichael took over SNCC, James Meredith was shot by a sniper during his solitary "March Against Fear". Carmichael joined Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Floyd McKissick, and others to continue Meredith's march. He was arrested during the march; on his release he gave his "Black Power" speech, using that phrase to urge black pride and independence: Official language(s) English Capital Jackson Largest city Jackson Area  Ranked 32nd  - Total 48,434 sq. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Selma is the name of a number of places: in the United States of America: Selma, Alabama Selma, Arkansas Selma, California Selma, Colorado Selma, Indiana Selma, Iowa Selma, Kansas Selma, Louisiana Selma, Michigan Selma, Mississippi Selma, Missouri Selma, North Carolina Selma, Ohio Selma, Oregon Selma, South Carolina Selma, Texas Selma... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Lowndes County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... John Lewis John Robert Lewis (born February 21, 1940) is an American politician and was an important leader in the American Civil Rights Movement as president of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). ... James Howard Meredith (born June 25, 1933) is an American civil rights movement figure, although he vocally prefers not to be regarded as such. ... On June 5, 1966, James Meredith started a solitary March Against Fear for 220 miles from Memphis to Jackson, Mississippi, to protest against racism. ... Martin Luther King Jr. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Black pride is a slogan used interchangeably to depict both the movement of and concept within the politically active African-American community, especially in the United States. ...

"It is a call for black people in this country to unite, to recognize their heritage, to build a sense of community. It is a call for black people to define their own goals, to lead their own organizations."

While Black Power was not a new concept, Carmichael's speech brought it into the spotlight and it became a rallying cry for young African Americans across the country. SNCC embraced this new vision and gradually became more radical under his leadership. African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ...


Carmichael saw nonviolence as a tactic as opposed to a principle, which separated him from moderate civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr.. He was critical of civil rights leaders that simply called for integration of African Americans into the existing institutions of white middle class culture. Carmichael saw this as unrealistic and an insult to the culture and identity of African Americans. Nonviolence (or non-violence) is a set of assumptions about morality conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political goals. ... Martin Luther King redirects here. ... Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ...


According to Bearing the Cross (1986), David J. Garrow's Pulitzer Prize winning book about the Civil Rights movement, a few days after Carmichael used the "Black Power" slogan at the "Meredith March Against Fear", he reportedly told King, "Martin, I deliberately decided to raise this issue on the march in order to give it a national forum and force you to take a stand for Black Power." King responded, "I have been used before. One more time won't hurt." The gold medal awarded for Public Service in Journalism The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical compositions. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


In 1967, Carmichael stepped down from leadership of SNCC. He and Charles V. Hamilton wrote the book, Black Power (1967). He joined the Black Panther Party and became a strong critic of the Vietnam War. He traveled to North Vietnam, China, and Cuba. Carmichael was made an honorary prime minister of the Black Panthers in 1968. Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), or less commonly, Vietnamese Democratic Republic (Vietnamese: Việt Nam Dân Chủ Cộng Hòa), also known as North Vietnam, was proclaimed by Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, September 2nd1945 and was recognized by the Peoples Republic of China and the...


In 1969, Carmichael and his then-wife, the South African singer, Miriam Makeba, moved to Guinea, in West Africa, and he became an aide to Guinean prime minister, Ahmed Sékou Touré. There, in 1971, he wrote the book, Stokely Speaks: Black Power Back to Pan-Africanism. This book expounds an explicitly socialist, Pan-African vision, which he retained for the rest of his life. In 1978, he changed his name to Kwame Ture to honor African leaders Kwame Nkrumah and Ahmed Sékou Touré. Miriam Makeba (born March 4, 1932) is a South African singer. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to social control. ... Pan-Africanism is a term which can have two separate, but related meanings. ... Kwame Nkrumah (September 21, 1909 – April 27, 1972) was an African anti-colonial leader, founder and first president of the modern Ghanaian state and one of the most influential Pan-Africanists of the 20th century. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ...


He died of prostate cancer at the age of 57 in Conakry, Guinea. Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. ... Conakry (also Konakry, Malinké Kɔnakiri), population 2,000,000 (2002), is the capital of Guinea. ...


Stokely Carmichael is credited for coining the phrase institutional racism .Institutional racism (or structural racism or systemic racism) is a form of racism that occurs in institutions such as public bodies and corporations, including universities. In the late 1960s he defined the term as "the collective failure of an organisation to provide an appropriate and professional service to people because of their colour, culture or ethnic origin".[1] Institutional racism (or structural racism or systemic racism) is a form of racism that occurs in institutions such as public bodies and corporations, including universities. ...


Civil rights leader Jesse Jackson gave a speech celebrating Ture's life, stating: "He was one of our generation who was determined to give his life to transforming America and Africa. He was committed to ending racial apartheid in our country. He helped to bring those walls down". [1] Jesse Jackson Jesse Louis Jackson (born October 8, 1941) is an American politician, civil rights activist, and Baptist minister. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ...


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