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Encyclopedia > Kuskokwim

The Kuskokwim River is a river, approximately 650 mi (1,110 km) long, in southwest Alaska in the United States. It provides the principal drainage for an area of the remote Alaska Interior on the north and west side of the Alaska Range, flowing southwest into Kuskokwim Bay on the Bering Sea. Except for its headwaters in the mountains, the river is broad and flat for entire course, making it a useful transportation route for many types of watercraft. State nickname: The Last Frontier, The Land of the Midnight Sun Other U.S. States Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Governor Frank Murkowski (R) Official languages English Area 1,067,653 mi² / 1,717,854 km² (1st)  - Land 1,481,347 km²  - Water 236,507 km² (13. ... Fall in Interior Alaska The interior of Alaska makes up most of the state. ... The Alaska Range is a mountain range that extends for about 650 km (400 mi) across south-central Alaska, from Iliamna Lake at the SW end to White River in Canada at the SE end The highest mountain in North America, Mount McKinley (also known as Denali), is in the... Kuskokwim Bay is a bay in southwestern Alaska, at about 59°30 North 162°30 West. ... The Bering Sea or Imarpik Sea is a body of water in the far northern Pacific Ocean covering over two million square kilometres. ...


Kuskokwim in Yupik means cough, probably a reference to the sound made by running water. The Yupik people speak five distinct languages, depending on their location. ...

Contents


Description

It rises in several forks in central and south central Alaska. The North Fork (250 mi/400 km) rises in the Kuskokwim Mountains approximately 200 mi (320 km) WSW of Fairbanks and flows southwest in a broad valley. The South Fork (200 mi/320 km) rises in the southwestern end of the Alaska Range.west of Mount Gerdine and flows NNW through the mountains, past Nikolai, and receiving other headstreams that descends from the Alaska Range northwest of Mount McKinley. The two forks join near Medfra and flows southwest, past McGrath, in a remote valley between the Kuskokwim Mountains to the north and the Alaska Range to the south. The Kuskokwim Mountains is a range of mountains in southwestern Alaska west of the Alaska Range and southeast of the Yukon River, at about 61°00 North 155°00 West. ... Location in Alaska Founded  -Incorporated {{{incorporated}}}  County Fairbanks North Star Borough Mayor Steve M. Thompson Area  - Total  - Water 84. ... Nikolai is a city located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... Denali redirects here. ... Medfra is an unincorporated village located in the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ... McGrath is a city located in Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska. ...


In southwest Alaska in emerges from the Kuskokwim Mountains in a vast lake-studded alluvial plain south of the Yukon River, surrounded by vast spruce forests. It passes a series of Eskimo villages, including Aniak, and approaches within 50 mi (80 km) of the Yukon before diverging southwest. Southwest of Bethel, the largest community on the river, it broadens into a wide marshy delta that enters Kuskokwim Bay approximately 50 mi (80 km) SSW of Bethel. The lower river below Aniak is located within the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge. An alluvial plain is a relatively flat and gently sloping landform found at the base of a range of hills. ... The Yukon River is a watercourse of northern North America. ... Species About 35; see text. ... Eskimo or Esquimau is a term used for a group of people who inhabit the circumpolar region (excluding circumpolar Scandinavia and all but the easternmost portions of Russia). ... Aniak is a city located in Bethel Census Area, Alaska. ... Bethel is a city located in Bethel Census Area, Alaska. ...


It receives the Big River from the south approximately 20 mi (32 km) southwest of Medfra. It receives the Swift, Stony, and Holitna rivers from the south at the southern end of the Kuskokwim Mountains before emerging on the coastal plain. It receives the Aniak River from the south at Aniak. Approximately 20 mi (32 km) upstream from Bethel it receives the Kisaralik and Kwethluk rivers from the south. It receives the Eek River from the east at Eek near its mouth on Kuskokwim Bay. The Swift River is a river in Alaska. ... The Holitna River is a river in Alaska. ... The Aniak River is a river in Alaska. ... Eek is a city located in Bethel Census Area, Alaska. ...


History

The principal economic activities along the river have historically been fur trapping and fishing. Subsistence fishing for chinook salmon provides a staple of the Eskimo diet along the river. The discovery of gold along the upper river in 1898 led to the Placer Gold Rush in the early 20th century. The total production of gold through 1959 was 640,084 troy ounces (19,909 kg). The primary route of the Iditarod Trail crossed the upper river at McGrath. The fur trade was a huge part in the early economic development of North America. ... The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow up to 58 long and 126 pounds. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Iditarod Trail is the name for several trails in Alaska. ...


See also

This is a partial list of rivers in the U.S. state of Alaska. ...

External link

  • Aniak, Alaska
  • Iditarod National Historic Trail

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kuskokwim River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (475 words)
The Kuskokwim River is a river, approximately 650 mi (1,110 km) long, in southwest Alaska in the United States.
Kuskokwim in Yupik means cough, probably a reference to the sound made by running water.
In southwest Alaska in emerges from the Kuskokwim Mountains in a vast lake-studded alluvial plain south of the Yukon River, surrounded by vast spruce forests.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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