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Encyclopedia > Kuru Kingdom

The Kuru kingdom was ruled by the Kuru clan of kings. The Pandavas and Kauravas were Kurus. Other than these Kurus of India, there was another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. The Kuru kingdom of India lay between Saraswati River and river Ganga. It was split into two parts. The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... . The new kuruş coin Kuruş are a Turkish currency subunit. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Other than the Kurus of India ruled by the Pandavas and the Kauravas, there was this another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named SarasvatÄ«. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatÄ« (from vnt-Ä«, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... This article is about the river. ...

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Kurujangala

This kingdom was ruled by the Pandava king Yudhisthira. It was located between river Saraswati and river Yamuna. On a modern map of India, this kingdom roughly forms most of the Haryana state. Indraprastha (now known as Delhi the capital of India) was its capital. The first city of Delhi is believed to be founded by the legendary Pandavas of the Mahabharata around 1400 BC. It was called Indraprastha. ... Delhi   (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, Punjabi: ) is a metropolis in northern India. ... An Aerial view of New Delhi The Humayuns Tomb, situated in New Delhi, has an architectural design similar to the Taj Mahal. ... In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhishthira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... This article is about the Hindu goddess; see Sarasvati River for the Vedic river. ... The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. ... Haryana (Hindi: , IPA: / /) is a state in north India. ... The first city of Delhi is believed to be founded by the legendary Pandavas of the Mahabharata around 1400 BC. It was called Indraprastha. ... Delhi   (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, Punjabi: ) is a metropolis in northern India. ...


Initially this was the western part of the Kuru kingdom ruled by the ancient Kuru kings. It was filled with forests like Khandava (eastern Hariyana), Rohitaka (Rohtak) and numerous other bush-lands. King Dhritarashtra gave this land to Yudhisthira to end the rivalry between the Pandavas and Kauravas. Yudhisthira made this waste-land into a prosperous country to the envy of the Kauravas. His brother Arjuna, with the aid of Vasudeva Krishna, cleared the [handava Forest, after the destruction and rehabitation of the settlements of Nagas, Danavas and Rakshasas who dwelled in those regions. Danava Maya was the chief architect of the constructions of the new kingdom, such as the royal court of Yudhisthira at Indraprastha. Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is located in Rohtak District, Haryana, India. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhishthira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhishthira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Krishna was the son of the Yadava chief Vasudeva and his wife Devaki. ... Nagas were a group of Mongoloid people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ... Rakshasas were a group tribes, mentioned along with others like Devas (including Rudras, Maruts, Vasus and Adityas), Asuras (including Daityas, Danavas and Kalakeyas), Pisachas, Gandharvas, Kimpurushas, Vanaras, Suparnas, Kinnaras, Bhutas and Yakshas. ... The first city of Delhi is believed to be founded by the legendary Pandavas of the Mahabharata around 1400 BC. It was called Indraprastha. ...


Kuru Proper

Kuru Proper was under Kaurava king Duryodhana. It was located to the east of the Kurujangala kingdom of the Pandavas between the river Yamuna and river Ganga. On a modern map this kingdom roughly forms the western part of Uttar Pradesh bordering Haryana. Hastinapura (now a small town named Hastinapur 37 km north-east of Meerut city in Uttar Pradesh, was identified as its capital. In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... Meerut is an ancient city located to the north-east of New Delhi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), also popularly known by its abbreviation U.P. It is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. ... This article is about the river. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), also popularly known by its abbreviation U.P. It is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... Haryana (Hindi: , IPA: / /) is a state in north India. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... Meerut is an ancient city located to the north-east of New Delhi in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), also popularly known by its abbreviation U.P. It is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ...


Later, Duryodhana the son of Dhritarashtra unrighteously annexed Kurujangala kingdom of the Pandavas to his kingdom, causing a dispute. This dispute grew into the Kurukshetra war, which is the central theme of the epic, Mahabharata. Almost all of the contemporary kingdoms took part in this war and lost their kings, generals and armies including a few million young able-bodied men. This resulted in a great socio-economic depression in ancient India, which was otherwise known as the 'Kali Yuga' or the 'Dark Age'. In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra The (Devanagari: ), is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the . ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ...


Uttara Kuru

See the main article Uttara Kuru Kingdom, for more details. Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Other than the Kurus of India ruled by the Pandavas and the Kauravas, there was this another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. ...


Other than the Kurus of India ruled by the Pandavas and the Kauravas, there was this another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. Some historians identify this kingdom as Kyrgistan, a central Asian republic. In the epic we see the narration of Kuru warrior Bhishma abducting three brides from Kasi kingdom for making them wives of his half-brother Vichitavirya. This same costom of abduction of brides by bridegroom or his allies for marrying them, still prevails in Kyrgistan. Some point of time during the reign of Pururavas-Aila (the first king mentioned in the line of lunar dynasty of Indian kings) Uttara Kuru and the Kurus of India could have belonged to the same Kuru Empire. Arjuna collected tribute from Uttara Kuru during his northern military campaign for Yudhisthira's Rajasuya sacrifice. In some places, the epic attributes god-like features to the people of Uttara Kuru, describing them as ageless and diseaseless. They were also considered to follow a republican constitution with no monarchy. In another place, Uttara Kuru was considered as the region of Devas (gods) themselves. . The new kuruş coin Kuruş are a Turkish currency subunit. ... Uttarakuru was the name of ancient country and its people as numerously referenced in ancient Vedic, Brahmanical and the Buddhist texts and numerous other ancient Sanskrit texts. ... Motto: none Anthem: National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic Capital Bishkek Largest city Bishkek Official language(s) Kyrgyz, Russian Government President Prime Minister Republic Kurmanbek Bakiyev Feliks Kulov Independence  - Declared  - Recognized  - Formerly From the Soviet Union 31 August 1991 December 1991 Kyrgyz SSR Area  - Total    - Water (%)   198,500 km² (86th... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Benares (also known as Banaras, Kashi, Kasi and Varanasi (वाराणसी)) is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the river Ganga or Ganges in the modern north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Motto: none Anthem: National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic Capital Bishkek Largest city Bishkek Official language(s) Kyrgyz, Russian Government President Prime Minister Republic Kurmanbek Bakiyev Feliks Kulov Independence  - Declared  - Recognized  - Formerly From the Soviet Union 31 August 1991 December 1991 Kyrgyz SSR Area  - Total    - Water (%)   198,500 km² (86th... According to Vedas, Pururavas is a mythological entity associated with the Surya (the sun) and Usha (the dawn), and is believed to resided in the middle region of the cosmos. ... Ayra the Isaacian swordfighter (official artwork) Ayra as Swordmaster (from Fire Emblem Trading Card Game). ... Uttarakuru was the name of ancient country and its people as numerously referenced in ancient Vedic, Brahmanical and the Buddhist texts and numerous other ancient Sanskrit texts. ... . The new kuruş coin Kuruş are a Turkish currency subunit. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Uttarakuru was the name of ancient country and its people as numerously referenced in ancient Vedic, Brahmanical and the Buddhist texts and numerous other ancient Sanskrit texts. ... Rajasuya was a sacrifice performed by the ancient kings of India. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Other than the Kurus of India ruled by the Pandavas and the Kauravas, there was this another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Other than the Kurus of India ruled by the Pandavas and the Kauravas, there was this another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. ... Deva (देव in Devanagari script, pronounced as dévÉ™) is the Sanskrit word for god, deity. It can be variously interpreted as a spirit, demi-god, celestial being, angel, deity or any supernatural being of high excellence. ...


References of Kuru Kingdom in Mahabharata

The First Kuru King

Samvarana, in the line of Pururavas-Aila, begat upon his wife, Tapati, the daughter of Surya (a Solar Dynasty king), a son named Kuru. This Kuru was exceedingly virtuous, and therefore, he was installed on the throne by his people. It is after his name that the field called Kurujangala has become so famous in the world. Devoted to asceticism, he made that field Kurukshetra sacred by practising asceticism there (1,94). According to Vedas, Pururavas is a mythological entity associated with the Surya (the sun) and Usha (the dawn), and is believed to resided in the middle region of the cosmos. ... Ayra the Isaacian swordfighter (official artwork) Ayra as Swordmaster (from Fire Emblem Trading Card Game). ... Solar Dynasty can refer to: The Sun Dynasty Surya This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Kurukshetra may refer to: The Kurukshetra war described in the Mahabharata, an Indian epic The town and district of Kurukshetra in the Indian state of Haryana This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The descendands of king Puru

  • Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva, Chapter 94

When Janamejaya wished to hear the history of kings who were descended from Puru. Vaisampayana narrated the lineage of kings in Puru’s line. Janamejaya, was the son of Arjunas (Mahabharata)grandson Parikishit. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ... Vaisampayana or VaiÅ›ampayana was a celebrated sage who was the original teacher of the Black Yajur-Veda. ...


Emperor Bharata

Puru had by his wife Paushti three sons, Pravira, Iswara, and Raudraswa. Amongst them, Pravira was the perpetuator of the dynasty. Pravira had by his wife Suraseni a son named Manasyu. Manasyu had for his wife Sauviri. he begat upon her three sons called Sakta, Sahana, and Vagmi. Raudraswa begat upon the Apsara Misrakesi ten sons. They all had sons. They are Richeyu, Kaksreyu Vrikeyu, Sthandileyu, Vaneyu, Jaleyu, Tejeyu, Satyeyu, Dharmeyu and Sannateyu the tenth. The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ...


Amongst them all, Richeyu became the sole monarch and was known by the name of Anadhrishti. Anadhristi had a son of the name of Matinara who became a famous and virtuous king and performed the Rajasuya and the Ashwamedha. Matinara had four sons viz., Tansu, Mahan, Atiratha, and Druhyu. (Amongst them, Tansu of great prowess became the perpetrator of Puru’s line). Tansu begat a son named Ilina. Ilina begat upon his wife Rathantara five sons with Dushmanta (Dushyanta) at their head. They were Dushmanta, Sura, Bhima, Pravasu, and Vasu (Vasu is mentioned as the founder of Chedi Kingdom). The eldest of them, Dushmanta, became king. Dushmanta had by his wife Sakuntala an intelligent son named Bharata who became king. Bharata gave his name to the race of which he was the founder. It is from him that the fame of that dynasty hath spread so wide. Bharata begat upon his three wives nine sons in all. But none of them were like their father and so Bharata was not at all pleased with them. Their mothers, therefore, became angry and slew them all. The procreation of children by Bharata, therefore, became vain. Rajasuya was a sacrifice performed by the ancient kings of India. ... The Ashvamedha, or the horse-sacrifice is one of the most important royal rituals from Vedic India, described in detail in the Yajurveda (books 22–25) and the pertaining commentaries. ... Dushyanta (or Dushyant) is an ancient king in Hindu mythology. ... Chedi kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Shakuntala, a painting by Raja Ravi Varma In Hindu mythology Shakuntala was considered to be the mother of Emperor Bharata and wife of Dushyanta who was founder of Paurav vansha. ... Bharata was the first king to conquer all of the world as known to the adherents of Hinduism, uniting it into a single entity which was named after him as Bharatavarsha. ...


The monarch then performed a great sacrifice and through the grace of Bharadwaja obtained a son named Bhumanyu. Then Bharata, the great descendant of Puru, regarding himself as really possessing a son, installed that son as his heir-apparent. Bhumanyu begat upon his wife, Pushkarini six sons named Suhotra, Suhotri, Suhavih, Sujeya, Diviratha and Kichika. During the virtuous reign of Suhotra the surface of the whole earth was dotted all over with hundreds and thousands, of sacrificial stakes. Suhotra, begat, upon his wife Aikshaki three sons, viz., Ajamidha, Sumidha, and Purumidha. The eldest of them, Ajamidha, was the perpetuator of the royal line. he begat six sons,--Riksha was born of the womb of his wife Dhumini; Dushmanta and Parameshthin, of his wife Nili; Jahnu, Jala and Rupina were born of his wife Kesini. In Hinduism, Bharadwaja was one of the great sages (rishis) who lived in ancient India. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ...


Branches of Panchalas and Kusikas

  • All the tribes of the Panchalas are descended from Dushmanta and Parameshthin, two sons of the second wife of Puru king Ajamidha.

Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ... Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ... Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ...

Temprary Exile of the forefathers of Kurus

Riksha (the mountains in east-central India were known as Riksha mountains (Ramgarh hills)) who was older than both Jala and Rupina became king. Riksha begat Samvarana, the perpetuator of the royal line.It hath been heard that while Samvarana, the son of Riksha, was ruling, there happened a great loss of people from famine, pestilence, drought, and disease. The Bharata princes were beaten by the troops of enemies. The Panchalas with their ten Akshauhinis the Bharata prince. Samvarana then with his wife and ministers, sons and relatives, fled in fear, and took shelter in the forest on the banks of the Sindhu extending to the foot of the (western) mountains. Ramgarh is a cantonment town in the Indian State of Jharkhand (earlier Bihar). ... The Indus (सिन्‍धु नदी) (known as Sindhu in ancient times) is the principal river of Pakistan. ...


There the Bharatas lived for a full thousand years (for a long period), within their fort. After they had lived there a long perioed, one day the sage Vasishtha approached the exiled Bharatas. Vasishtha, in Hindu mythology was chief of the seven venerated sages (or Saptarishi) and the Rajaguru of the Suryavamsha or Solar Dynasty. ...


It hath been heard that Vasishtha (becoming the priest) then installed the Bharata prince in the sovereignty of all the Kshatriyas. The king retook the capital that had been taken away from him and once more made all monarchs pay tribute to him. The powerful Samvarana, was thus installed once more in the actual sovereignty of the whole land. Vasishtha, in Hindu mythology was chief of the seven venerated sages (or Saptarishi) and the Rajaguru of the Suryavamsha or Solar Dynasty. ...


The oringin of Kuru Dynasty

Samvarana married, Tapati (whose abode was on the banks of river Tapati (Tapti, Maharashtra) , the daughter of Surya (a king of the Solar Dynasty) with the help of Vasistha a priest of Solar Dynasty kings. Samvarana begat in Tapati, a son named Kuru. This Kuru was exceedingly virtuous, and therefore, he was installed on the throne by his people. It is after his name that the field called Kurujangala (eastern Hariyana) has become so famous in the world. Devoted to asceticism, he made that field Kurukshetra sacred by practising asceticism there. He was the founder of the Kuru dynasty and the Kuru Kingdom. The Tapti River is a river of central India. ... Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र mahārāṣṭra, literally: Great Nation; IPA: )( ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Solar Dynasty can refer to: The Sun Dynasty Surya This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Vasishtha, in Hindu mythology was chief of the seven venerated sages (or Saptarishi) and the Rajaguru of the Suryavamsha or Solar Dynasty. ... Solar Dynasty can refer to: The Sun Dynasty Surya This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... Kurukshetra may refer to: The Kurukshetra war described in the Mahabharata, an Indian epic The town and district of Kurukshetra in the Indian state of Haryana This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Kuru’s wife, Vahini, brought forth five sons, viz., Avikshit, Bhavishyanta, Chaitraratha, Muni and Janamejaya-1. Avikshit begat Parikshit-1, Savalaswa, Adhiraja (See Karusha Kingdom), Viraja, Salmali, Uchaihsravas, Bhangakara and Jitari the eighth. In the race of these were born, as the fruit of their pious acts seven mighty car-warriors with Janamejaya-2 at their head. Unto Parikshit-1 were born sons named Kakshasena, Ugrasena, Chitrasena, Indrasena, Sushena and Bhimasena. The sons of Janamejaya-2 were Dhritarashtra-1 who was the eldest, Pandu-1, Valhika-1, Nishadha , Jamvunada, Kundodara, Padati, Vasati the eighth. Karusha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Nishadha was the kingdom of the celebrated king Nala, who loved and married Damayanti the princess of Vidharbha kingdom. ...

  • There was a Dhritarashtra who was a Gandharva)
  • There was a Dhritarashtra who was a Naga)

Gandharvas were one among the group of Exotic Tribes Of Ancient India, a class of demi-gods, well versed in music and art. ... Nagas were a group of Mongoloid people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ...

Birth of Kuru king Santanu

Among them Dhritarashtra-1 became king. Dhritarashtra-1 had eight sons, viz., Kundika, Hasti, Vitarka, Kratha, Havihsravas, Indrabha, and Bhumanyu. Dhritarashtra-1 had many grandsons, of whom three only were famous. They were Pratipa, Dharmanetra, Sunetra. Among these three, Pratipa became unrivalled on earth. Pratipa begat three sons, viz., Devapi, Santanu, and the mighty car-warrior Valhika-2. The eldest Devapi adopted the ascetic course of life, impelled thereto by the desire of benefiting his brothers. the kingdom was obtained by Santanu and the mighty car-warrior Valhika-2 (See Bahlika Kingdom). There were born in the race of Bharata numberless other excellent monarchs who by their number swelled the Aila dynasty into gigantic proportions. Shantanu is a king of Hastinapura in the great epic of the Mahabharata. ... Shantanu is a king of Hastinapura in the great epic of the Mahabharata. ... All the western kingdoms were known by the general name Bahlika (Vahika, Vahlika and Bahika as variations of the name) meaning outsider. ... Ayra the Isaacian swordfighter (official artwork) Ayra as Swordmaster (from Fire Emblem Trading Card Game). ...


The Vahlika king who took part in Kurukshetra War was Vahlika-3. Dhritarashtra who was the father of Duryodhana was Dritarashtra-2. Pandu the father of Pandavas was Pandu-2. There were many kings named Janamejaya and Parikhsit in the lineage of Aila-Puru-Bharata-Kuru dynasty. The Janamejaya unto whome Vaisampayana narrated the history of his forefathers was the last among the Janamejayas viz Janamejaya 3 or 4. He was the son of the last among the kings named Parikshit This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Pandu is the son of Vichitravirya and his second wife, Ambalika from Vyasa. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ... Kuru or Kurus may be: Kuru (kingdom), a powerful Indian kingdom during the Vedic period and later a republic during the Mahajanapada period Kuru Kingdom, a kingdom based on the historic Kuru kingdom in Indian epic literature Kuru (disease), neurological, and associated with New Guinea, the Fore, and cannibalism Kuru... Janamejaya, was the son of Arjunas (Mahabharata)grandson Parikishit. ... Vaisampayana or Vaiśampayana was a celebrated sage who was the original teacher of the Black Yajur-Veda. ...


The lineage from Daksha to Janamejaya’s grandson

  • Mahabharata, Book 1: Adi Parva, Section 95

Janamejaya wished to know the lineage of his forefathers in detail commencing from Manu, the first king known to humanity. Vaisampayana narrated that lineage in detail. Janamejaya, was the son of Arjunas (Mahabharata)grandson Parikishit. ... Manu has several meanings: *Manu in Indo-European mythology was the first man, hero and first Holy King to rule this earth, see Manu (Hinduism), Germanic Mannus, Mannaz. ... Vaisampayana or Vaiśampayana was a celebrated sage who was the original teacher of the Black Yajur-Veda. ...


Lunar Dynasty

Pururavas is considered as the first king in the Lunar Dynasty. In Hindu society, the Kshatriya caste is divided into two principal houses, one claiming descent from the Sun (Surya) and the other from the Moon (Indu). ...


Daksha begat Aditi (one of the 13 great mothers in the ancient world), and Aditi begat Vivaswat, Vivaswat (belonging to the Solar Dynasty) begat Manu, and Manu begat Ha and Ha begat Pururavas. (In another reference Pururavas is mentioned as the son of Ila (1,75), the daughter of Manu. Hence he was called Pururavas-Aila. A sage named Budha (Vudha) (7,141) of Lunar Dynasty who came from a northern region into ancient India to practice ascetism is mentioned as his father. Some historians link Ila with the Ili river in central Asia. The name Ha is thought of to be of Chinese origin). Pururavas begat Ayus (in an Apsara lady (a female Gandharva) ). In Hinduism, Daksha is an ancient creator god, one of the Prajapatis, the Rishis and the Adityas, and a son of Aditi and Brahma. ... In Hinduism, Aditi (Sanskrit - limitless) is a goddess of the sky, consciousness, the past, the future and fertility. ... Solar Dynasty can refer to: The Sun Dynasty Surya This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Manu has several meanings: *Manu in Indo-European mythology was the first man, hero and first Holy King to rule this earth, see Manu (Hinduism), Germanic Mannus, Mannaz. ... According to Vedas, Pururavas is a mythological entity associated with the Surya (the sun) and Usha (the dawn), and is believed to resided in the middle region of the cosmos. ... In Hindu society, the Kshatriya caste is divided into two principal houses, one claiming descent from the Sun (Surya) and the other from the Moon (Indu). ... Ili or Illi can refer to: Ili River Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Gandharvas were one among the group of Exotic Tribes Of Ancient India, a class of demi-gods, well versed in music and art. ...


Some historians link Ha with the Haha, Huhu Gandharvas. Gandharvas were one among the group of Exotic Tribes Of Ancient India, a class of demi-gods, well versed in music and art. ...


Birth of Yadu, Turvusu, Druhyu, Anu and Puru

Yadu and Turvusu contained the genes of Bhargavas, considered to be a priest-class among Asuras. Druhyu, Anu and Puru contained the genes of Asura kings, the warrior-class among the Asuras. Thus the lineage of ancient Indian kings is a mixture of diverse races of people. Yadu's line gave rise to the Yadavas and Purus line the Pauravas. The others viz Turvusu, Druhyu and Anu gave rise to the races collectively called by the Vedic tribes (predominantly Purus) as Mlecchas. They included the Tusharas, Yavanas and Anavas (some believe them to be ancient Iranian tribes). In Hindu mythology, the Asura are a group of power-seeking deities, sometimes misleadingly referred to as demons. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ... In Hindu mythology, the Asura are a group of power-seeking deities, sometimes misleadingly referred to as demons. ... The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... The Purus, is a river in South America. ... The pauravas was the name given to the many petty kingdoms and tribes of ancient NW India in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. The Pauravas were all situated on or near the Indus river where their monarchs grew rich and prosperous through trade. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Tusharas are a Mlechcha tribe, with their kingdom located in the north west of India. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Yavana or Yona is grouped under western countries along with Sindhu, Madra, Kekeya, Gandhara and Kamboja as per the descriptions in the epic Mahabharata. ...


Ayus begat Nahusha (also considered to be a Naga), and Nahusha begat Yayati. Yayati had two wives, viz., Devayani, the daughter of Usanas (Bhargava Sukra), and Sarmishtha the daughter of (Asura king) Vrishaparvan. Devayani gave birth to Yadu and Turvasu; and Vrishaparvan’s daughter, Sarmishtha gave birth to Druhyu, Anu, and Puru. The descendants of Yadu are the Yadavas and of Puru are the Pauravas. Nagas were a group of Mongoloid people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ... Nahusha (नहुष) was son of Ayu, the eldest of Pururavas, and father of Yayati. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Devayani is a tamil heroine who has acted in many films in India. ... Shukra is the Sanskrit Name for Venus. ... // In Hinduism In Hindu mythology, the Asura (Sanskrit: असुर) are a group of power-seeking deities, sometimes misleadingly referred to as demons. ... Yadu is the name of one of the five Aryan clans mentioned in the Rig Veda. ... The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ... The pauravas was the name given to the many petty kingdoms and tribes of ancient NW India in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. The Pauravas were all situated on or near the Indus river where their monarchs grew rich and prosperous through trade. ...


Puru Dynasty

Puru had a wife of the name of Kausalya, on whom he begat a son named Janamejaya-1 who performed three horse-sacrifices and a sacrifice called Viswajit. Then he entered into the woods. Janamejaya had married Ananta, the daughter of Madhava, and begat upon her a son called Prachinwat. the prince was so called because he had conquered all the eastern countries up to the very confines of the region where the Sun rises (Arunachal Pradesh). Capital: Ayodhya (Ayodhya, Faisabad, Uttar Pradesh) Kosala Proper or Uttara Kosala is the kigdom of the celebrated personality of Treta Yuga, Raghava Rama. ... Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi: Aruṇācal PradeÅ›, Chinese: 藏南 Zangnan) is a state of India. ...


The lineage upto Emperor Bharata

Prachinwat married Asmaki, a daughter of the Yadavas and begat upon her a son named Sanyati. Sanyati married Varangi, the daughter of Drishadwata (probably dwelling in the shores of Dhrisadwati river, in Hariyana) and begat upon her a son named Ahayanti. Ahayanti married Bhanumati, the daughter of Kritavirya and begat upon her a son named Sarvabhauma. Sarvabhauma married Sunanda, the daughter of the Kekaya prince, having obtained her by force. he begat upon her a son named Jayatsena, who married Susrava, the daughter of the Vidarbha king and begat upon her Avachina, Avachina also married another princess of Vidarbha, Maryada by name. he begat on her a son named Arihan. Arihan married Angi and begat on her Mahabhauma. Mahabhauma married Suyajna, the daughter of Prasenajit. of her was born Ayutanayi. he was so called because he had performed a sacrifice at which the fat of an Ayuta (ten thousands) of male beings was required. Ayutanayi took for a wife Kama, the daughter of Prithusravas. By her was born a son named Akrodhana, who took to wife Karambha, the daughter of the king of Kalinga. of her was born Devatithi, and Devatithi took for his wife Maryada, the princess of Videha. Of her was born a son named Arihan. Arihan took to wife Sudeva, the princess of Anga, and upon her he begat a son named Riksha. Riksha married Jwala, the daughter of Naga Takshaka, and he begat upon her a son of the name of Matinara, who performed on the bank of Saraswati River the twelve years’ sacrifice said to be so efficacious.He married a maiden from the Saraswati valley. He begat upon her a son named Tansu. Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Asmaka was a kingdom among the 16 janapadas mentioned in the Buddhist texts. ... The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... Kekeya is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... Context: Kingdoms of Ancient India Vidarbha kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Capital: Mithila (Janakpur, , Bihar) Videha was the kingdom of the royal sage Seeradhwaja Janaka. ... Context: Kingdoms of Ancient India Anga was a kingdom ruled by non Vedic rulers. ... Nagas were a group of Mongoloid people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named SarasvatÄ«. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatÄ« (from vnt-Ä«, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ...


Tansu himself begat a son named Ilina on his wife, the princess Kalingi. Ilina begat on his wife Rathantari five sons, of whom Dushyanta was the eldest. Dushyanta took to wife Sakuntala, the daughter of Viswamitra. He begat on her a son named Bharata. Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Kalinga forms the southern part of Orissa state. ... Dushyanta (or Dushyant) is an ancient king in Hindu mythology. ... Shakuntala, a painting by Raja Ravi Varma In Hindu mythology Shakuntala was considered to be the mother of Emperor Bharata and wife of Dushyanta who was founder of Paurav vansha. ... Brahmarishi Viswamitra or Vishwamitra (Sanskrit: विश्वमित्र, viá¹£vamitra) is one of the most venerated sages of Hinduism. ... Bharata was the first king to conquer all of the world as known to the adherents of Hinduism, uniting it into a single entity which was named after him as Bharatavarsha. ...


Bharata dynasty

Bharata married Sunanda, the daughter of Sarvasena, the king of Kasi, and begat upon her the son named Bhumanyu. Bhumanyu married Vijaya, the daughter of Dasarha. He begat upon her a son Suhotra who married Suvarna, the daughter of Ikshvaku. To her was born a son named Hasti who founded this city, which has, therefore, been called Hastinapura. Hasti married Yasodhara, the princess of Trigarta. Of her was born a son named Vikunthana who took for a wife Sudeva, the princess of Dasarha. By her was born a son named Ajamidha. Ajamidha had four wives named Kaikeyi, Gandhari, Visala and Riksha. he begat on them numerous (2400) sons. But amongst them all, Samvarana became the perpetuator of the dynasty. Samvarana took for his wife Tapati (who dwelled near Tapati Tapti river in Maharashtra), the daughter of Vivaswat (Surya, or one belinging to the Solar Dynasty). In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... Capital: Unknown (probably Jullundher, Jullundher, Punjab) Trigarta was a kingdom near the Kuru kingdom. ... Kekeya is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... Gandhara is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... The Tapti River is a river of central India. ... Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र mahārāṣṭra, literally: Great Nation; IPA: )( ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Solar Dynasty can refer to: The Sun Dynasty Surya This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Kuru Dynasty

From Tapati was born Kuru, who married Subhangi, the princess of Dasarha. He begat on her a son named Viduratha, who took to wife Supriya, the daughter of the Madhavas. He begat upon her a son named Anaswan. Anaswan married Amrita, the daughter of the Madhavas. Of her was born a son named Parikshit-1, who took for his wife Suvasa, the daughter of the Vahudas, and begat upon her a son named Bhimasena. Bhimasena married Kumari, the princess of Kekaya and begat upon her Pratisravas whose son was Pratipa. Pratipa married Sunanda, the daughter of Sivi, and begat upon her three sons, viz., Devapi, Santanu and Valhika-1. Devapi, while still a boy, entered the woods as a hermit. Santanu became king. Kuru or Kurus may be: Kuru (kingdom), a powerful Indian kingdom during the Vedic period and later a republic during the Mahajanapada period Kuru Kingdom, a kingdom based on the historic Kuru kingdom in Indian epic literature Kuru (disease), neurological, and associated with New Guinea, the Fore, and cannibalism Kuru... Kekeya is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... Sivi is mentioned as a kingdom and as the name of a king in the epic Mahabharata. ... Shantanu is a king of Hastinapura in the great epic of the Mahabharata. ...


The descendands of Santanu

Those old men that were touched by this monarch not only felt an indescribable sensation of pleasure but also became restored to youth. Therefore, this monarch was called Santanu. Santanu married a maiden living in the visinity of Ganga, who bore him a son Devavrata who was afterwards called Bhishma. Bhishma, moved by the desire of doing good to his father, got Santanu married to Satyavati who was also called Gandhakali. In her maidenhood she had a son by Parasara, named Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa. Upon her Santanu begat two other sons named Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. Before they attained to majority, Chitrangada had been slain by the Gandharvas. Vichitravirya became king, and married the two daughters of the king of Kasi, named Amvika and Amvalika. But Vichitravirya died childless. This article is about the river. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Satyavati is the great-grandmother of the Pandava and Kaurava princes, principal characters of the Mahabharata, one of the principal texts in Hindu mythology. ... Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa was the great sage who authored the great Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Gandharvas were one among the group of Exotic Tribes Of Ancient India, a class of demi-gods, well versed in music and art. ... Capital: Varanasi (Varanasi, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh) Kasi was an ancient kingdom with Varanasi as its capital on the banks of river Ganga. ...


Birth of Pandavas and Kauravas

Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa on the request of mother Satyavati begat three children, viz., Dhritarashtra, Pandu, and Vidura upon the widowed wives of Vichitravirya. King Dhritarashtra had a hundred sons by his wife, Gandhari in consequence of the boon granted by Dwaipayana. amongst those hundred sons of Dhritarashtra, four became celebrated. They are Duryodhana, Duhsasana, Vikarna, and Chitrasena. Pandu had two jewels of wives, viz., Kunti, also called Pritha, and Madri. Pandu was childless. So Kunti raised up offspring upon the wishes of Pandu. By Dharma she had Yudhishthira; by Maruta, Bhima: and by Sakra, Arjuna. On Madri were raised by the twin Aswins, the twins Nakula and Sahadeva. These five became well known as the Pandavas. Pandu and Madri died. After some time those five Pandavas were taken by the ascetics of the woods to Hastinapura. Duryodhana became exceedingly jealous of them and tried to murder them. Pandavas escaped all the murder attempts by Duryodhana and married Draupadi the Panchala princess, for a wife. They then ruled half of the Kuru kingdom, with Indraprastha as their capital. Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa was the great sage who authored the great Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Satyavati is the great-grandmother of the Pandava and Kaurava princes, principal characters of the Mahabharata, one of the principal texts in Hindu mythology. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Pandu is the son of Vichitravirya and his second wife, Ambalika from Vyasa. ... Vidura (Sanskrit: विदुर, vidüra) was a son of a maid-servent who served the Queens of Hastinapura, Queen Ambika and Ambalika. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... The word Gāndhārī can mean more than one thing: Gāndhārī is a character in the Indian epic, the Mahabharata. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... In Hinduism, Princess Kunti is the mother of the Pandavas. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Madri was a princess of the Madra kingdom and the second wife of Pandu. ... Yudhisthira was the son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Nakula (Sanskrit: नकुल, naküla) was the son of king Pandu and queen Madri. ... Sahadeva (Sanskrit: सहदेव, sahadéva) is a character in the Mahabharata. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... In the epic Mahabharata, Draupadi is the daughter of King Drupada, and becomes the wife of the five Pandavas. ... Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ... The first city of Delhi is believed to be founded by the legendary Pandavas of the Mahabharata around 1400 BC. It was called Indraprastha. ...


The sons of Pandavas

During that time Yudhishthira begat Prativindhya; Bhima, Sutasoma; Arjuna, Srutakriti; Nakula, Satanika; and Sahadeva, Srutakarman. Besides these, Yudhishthira, having obtained for his wife Devika, the daughter of Govasana of the Saivya tribe, in a self-choice ceremony, begat upon her a son named Yaudheya. Bhima also obtaining for a wife Valandhara, the daughter of the king of Kasi, offered his own prowess as dower and begat upon her a son named Sarvaga. Arjuna also, repairing to Dwaravati, brought away by force Subhadra. the sweet-speeched sister of Vasudeva Krishna, and returned in happiness. He begat upon her a son named Abhimanyu. Nakula obtaining for his wife Karenumati, the princess of Chedi, begat upon her a son named Niramitra. Sahadeva also married Vijaya, the daughter of Dyutimat, the king of Madra, obtaining her in a self-choice ceremony and begat upon her a son named Suhotra. Bhimasena had some time before begat upon Hidimva a son named Ghatotkacha. Arjuna also begat a son named Iravat upon the Naga lady Uloopi and another son named Vabhruvahana upon Chitrangada a princess from a southern country known as Manipura. Sivi is mentioned as a kingdom and as the name of a king in the epic Mahabharata. ... Capital: Varanasi (Varanasi, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh) Kasi was an ancient kingdom with Varanasi as its capital on the banks of river Ganga. ... Dwaraka Capital : Dwaravati (near Dwarka, , Gujarat) Dwaraka was a new country founded by the Yadava clan of chiefs who fled from the Surasena Kingdom due to fear from the king Jarasandha of Magadha. ... Krishna was the son of the Yadava chief Vasudeva and his wife Devaki. ... Abhimanyu (Sanskrit: अभिमन्यु, abhimanyu) is a tragic hero in the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata. ... Chedi kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Madra was a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... In the Mahabharata, Ghatotkacha is the son of Bhima and Hidimbi. ... Nagas were a group of Mongoloid people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ... Uloopi, in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, is one of Arjunas wives. ...


Abhimanyu, Parikshit, Janamejaya and his descendands

Amongst them all, Abhimanyu was the perpetuator of the family. He married Uttara, the daughter of Virata who begat a son named Parikshit. He was born as a dead child, but was revived by Krishna in an experiment Hence he is called Parikshita. Parikshit married Madravati. Her son was Janamejaya. Jamamejaya, in his wife Vapushtama begat two sons named Satanika and Sankukarna. Satanika also hath begotten one son named Aswamedhadatta upon the princess of Videha. Abhimanyu (Sanskrit: अभिमन्यु, abhimanyu) is a tragic hero in the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata. ... Matsya Kingdom was probably founded by fishermen community who later attained kingship. ... Parikshita is in the Mahabharata epic the successor of Yudhisthira to the throne of Hastinapura. ... Krishna with Radharani, 18th C Rajasthani painting Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari, in IAST ), according to various Hindu traditions, is the eighth avatar of Vishnu. ... Madra was a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... Janamejaya, was the son of Arjunas (Mahabharata)grandson Parikishit. ... Capital: Mithila (Janakpur, , Bihar) Videha was the kingdom of the royal sage Seeradhwaja Janaka. ...


Military academy of Drona

Hastinapura the capital of Kuru kingdom was the center of military education during the period of Mahabharata. Drona was the foremost of the preceptors in all modes of warfare. Drona himself learned the science of warfare from his father Bharadwaja and the great warrior of the age viz Bhargava Rama. Bhishma also was a desciple of Bhargava Rama, who was the foremost of the Kuru warriors. Kripa was anoter preceptor of arms. Under the guidance of all these scions of millatary science, the Pandavas and Kauravas became highly skilled in warfare. This military academy was the reason for the dominance of Kauravas and Pandavas among the kingdoms of ancient India. Archary, Mace fight, sword fight, other weapons like javaline --- these in permutation with the modes of warfare viz on foot, on a horse, in a chariot and on a war-elephant --- all these were taught by Drona to his desciples in this academy. He also taught how to form military formations and how to strategize the military moves and how to ride chariots. Archary was the speciality taught in excellance by Drona, especially when the bowman was moving in a chariot. Arjuna and Karna was the foremost among his desciples as a bowman. Bhima and Duryodhana excelled in mace-fight; Dhristadyumna, Nakula and Sahadeva excelled in sword-fight. In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... Manuscript illustration of the Battle of Kurukshetra The (Devanagari: ), is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the . ... In the epic Mahabharata, Drona (Sanskrit: द्रोण, droNa) or Dronacharya (द्रोणाचार्य, droNāchārya) is the royal guru to the Kauravas and the Pandavas. ... In Hinduism, Bharadwaja was one of the great sages (rishis) who lived in ancient India. ... Bhargava Rama was a Brahmin warrior in the lineage of Bhrigus. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bhargava Rama was a Brahmin warrior in the lineage of Bhrigus. ... Kripa, also often called Kripacharya, was the chief priest at the court of Hastinapura, in the Mahabharata. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... Dhristadyumna was the son of Drupada and brother of Draupadi and Shikhandi in the classic epic Mahabharata. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Nakula (Sanskrit: नकुल, naküla) was the son of king Pandu and queen Madri. ... Sahadeva (Sanskrit: सहदेव, sahadéva) is a character in the Mahabharata. ...


Even the Dhristadyumna, the prince from the Panchala Kingdom which was closest competator of the Kurus for dominance in Aryavarta, came to study the science of warfare under Drona, in his military accadamy at Hastinapura, the capital of Kurus (1,169). Others who come to Hastinapura seeking military science were Ekalavya the prince of Nishada Kingdom (1,134) and Karna the prince from Anga Kingdom, ruled by Suta tribes. Dhristadyumna was the son of Drupada and brother of Draupadi and Shikhandi in the classic epic Mahabharata. ... Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... In Mahabharata epic, Ekalavya is a young prince of the Nishadha tribes, who achieves a skill level parallel to the great Arjuna, despite Dronas rejection of him. ... Nishada was the kingdom of Nishada Tribe, a tribe of people whome the Vedic people considered as out-casts. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Context: Kingdoms of Ancient India Anga was a kingdom ruled by non Vedic rulers. ...


The territories of Lunar Dynasty kings

The first king Pururavas was always surrounded by companions that were superhuman (See Exotic Tribes of Ancient India). It was Pururavas who first brought from the region of the Gandharvas the three kinds of fire (1,75). His kingdom lied probably beyond the Himalayas in Tibet or still north in Xinjiyang or in Kyrgistan. Nahusha is mentioned as ruling even the territories of Devas (some where in Tibet). Yayati was the first king in the line to interact with the Asura clans like the Vrishaparvas (Vrishaparva's kingdom lied to the north of Uttaranchal, in Tibet). Yayati's son Puru established the Paurava dynasty, one of the branches of the Lunar Dynasty. He probably ruled the regions south of Himalayas in Uttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. Among the descendands of Puru, Dushyanta's son Bharata was the foremost who established the Bharata dynasty. During this time the dynasty ruled the whole regions now known as the Indo-Gangatic plain and extended their power upto the Vindhya ranges in the south. In his line, was born Samvarana. During the time of Samvarana, the dynasty was banished by the Panchalas to south and west. There they lived on the banks of Sindhu and in the valleys of the western mountains. Samvarana's son Kuru established the Kuru dynasty and re-established in their old territory in the Indo-Gangatic plain. They ruled the regions between Saraswati River and Ganga. This was the Kuru Kingdom inherited by Pratipa, Santanu, Vichitraviry and Dhritarashtra. During the reign of Dhritarashtra, due to his lack of interest in satisfying requsts of his subjects, the Kuru kingdom is mentioned as declining from its prospirity (9,41). Pandavas with Yudhisthira as their king temporarily raised the importance of Kuru kingdom, by his military campaigns through his four powerful brothers viz Bhima, Arjuna, [[Nakula and Sahadeva. He conqured the whole of ancient India and brought tribute from numerous kings. But that prospirity vanished in Kurukshetra War, when the Kuru warriors annihilated each other, destroying along with them, many ruling clans in ancient India. The destruction was so immense that the entire ancient India succumbed to a long-lasting socio-economic-depression. The ancient Indian texts mention this dark age of depression and anarchy as Kali Yuga. The epics Mahabharata, Ramayana and the Puranas describe many exotic tribes, describing them as superhuman or subhuman. ... Gandharvas were one among the group of Exotic Tribes Of Ancient India, a class of demi-gods, well versed in music and art. ... Perspective view of the Himalayas and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Motto: none Anthem: National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic Capital Bishkek Largest city Bishkek Official language(s) Kyrgyz, Russian Government President Prime Minister Republic Kurmanbek Bakiyev Feliks Kulov Independence  - Declared  - Recognized  - Formerly From the Soviet Union 31 August 1991 December 1991 Kyrgyz SSR Area  - Total    - Water (%)   198,500 km² (86th... Deva (देव in Devanagari script, pronounced as dévÉ™) is the Sanskrit word for god, deity. It can be variously interpreted as a spirit, demi-god, celestial being, angel, deity or any supernatural being of high excellence. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Uttaranchal   (Hindi: उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... This article is becoming very long. ... In Hindu society, the Kshatriya caste is divided into two principal houses, one claiming descent from the Sun (Surya) and the other from the Moon (Indu). ... Perspective view of the Himalayas and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Uttaranchal   (Hindi: उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... Himachal Pradesh   (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ), formerly the Punjab Hill States, is a mostly mountainous state in northern India. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (meaning: Land of the five Rivers) (c. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ... The Indus (सिन्‍धु नदी) (known as Sindhu in ancient times) is the principal river of Pakistan. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named SarasvatÄ«. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatÄ« (from vnt-Ä«, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... This article is about the river. ... Shantanu is a king of Hastinapura in the great epic of the Mahabharata. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhishthira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Sahadeva (Sanskrit: सहदेव, sahadéva) is a character in the Mahabharata. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ...


Places in Kuru Kingdom

Hastinapura was the biggest city in Kuru Kingdom and was the capital of Kauravas, while the Pandavas ruled at Indraprastha, which grew into the second largest city of the Kuru Kingdom. In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... The first city of Delhi is believed to be founded by the legendary Pandavas of the Mahabharata around 1400 BC. It was called Indraprastha. ...


Vardhamana

Vardhamana was the northern gate of the Kuru capital Hastinapura. It was a small town in its own right. Pandavas on their exile to woods passed this town, and thus issued out of the city of Hastinapura. They then is mentioned as heading towards a northery direction to reach Pramana (Pramanakoti) at night (3,1). In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ...


Pramanakoti

Pramanakoti was a beautiful spot on the banks of Ganga, to the north of Hastinapura, the Kuru capital (1,128). Duryodhana built a palace here for sporting in the waters of Ganga. A huge banian tree was the mark of that place (3,12). Here he poisoned the food of Bhima, tied him and threw him into Ganga. Bhima was rescued by the Naga tribes living in the vicinity (1,128) (8,83) (9,56). The Pandavas on their exile to woods, ascended their cars, and setting out from Vardhamana reached the site of the mighty banian tree called Pramana (Pramanakoti) on the banks of the Ganges (3,1). From here the Pandavas set out for the forests of Kamyaka (3,3). This article is about the river. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... This article is about the river. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... Nagas were a group of Mongoloid people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ...


This place could be in Muzaffarnagar district, where Ganga turns from an east to west direction to a north to south direction. A small village near this place called Nagal, upstrean and on the other (east) side of the river could be the territory of the Nagas who rescued Bhima Muzaffarnagar is a medium-sized city in the western part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. ... This article is about the river. ...


Kamyaka Forest

Kamyaka forest situated in the western boundary of the Kuru Kingdom (Kuru Proper + Kurujangala), on the banks of Saraswati River. It lied to the west of the Kurukshetra plain. It contained within it a lake called Kamyaka lake (2,51). At (3,256) Kamyaka forest is mentioned as situated at the head of the desert, near lake Trinavindu. The Pandavas on their exile to woods, leaving Pramanakoti on the banks of Ganga, went towards Kurukshetra, travelling in a western direction, crossing the rivers viz Yamuna and Drisadwati. They finally reached the banks of Saraswati River. There they saw the forest of Kamyaka, the favourite haunt of ascetics, situated on a level and wild plain on the banks of the Saraswati (3-5,36) abounding in birds and deer (3,5). There the Pandavas lived in an ascetic asylum (3,10). It took 3 days for Pandavas to reach Kamyaka forest, setting out from Hastinapura, on their chariots (3,11). The Hindu Vedas mention a river named Sarasvatī. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatī (from vnt-ī, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... Kurukshetra may refer to: The Kurukshetra war described in the Mahabharata, an Indian epic The town and district of Kurukshetra in the Indian state of Haryana This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Kurukshetra may refer to: The Kurukshetra war described in the Mahabharata, an Indian epic The town and district of Kurukshetra in the Indian state of Haryana This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named Sarasvatī. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatī (from vnt-ī, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ...


During their first time stay at Kamyaka, Bhima slew Krimira a Rakshasa. Kamyaka, forest, was easily accessible for the citizens of Kurujangala. So the people of Kurujangala frequently visited their King Yudhisthira in this forest(3,23). (Their cousines viz the Yadavas, Chedis and Kekeyas also visited them here). In order to avoid such contacts they moved to the Dwaita forests (3,24). A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... Rakshasas were a group tribes, mentioned along with others like Devas (including Rudras, Maruts, Vasus and Adityas), Asuras (including Daityas, Danavas and Kalakeyas), Pisachas, Gandharvas, Kimpurushas, Vanaras, Suparnas, Kinnaras, Bhutas and Yakshas. ... In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhishthira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... Chedi kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadava kings in the central and western India. ... Kekeya is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ...


The Pandavas came back from Dwaita woods to Kamyaka again (2nd time). This time they lived withouth Arjuna who left for military training to the north of Himalayas (3,36). They lived thus for 5 years in Kamyaka (3,50). Ghatotkacha livied with them during this period (7,181). Sage Vyasa and sage Lomasa visited them then. From there, they set out for a pilgrimage all over India, guided by Lomasa (3,93). Completing a cirlce of whole of India, they came back to Kurukshetra region, but without entering Kamyaka forest, went to the regions north of Himalayas. They came back from there with Arjuna among them and entered Kamyaka woods (3rd time) (3,181). It was rainy season then and Saraswati River was full of water that time (3,181). This time Yadavas and sage Markandeya visited them. (Markandeya was the inhabitant of the Markanda river, a part, or tributary of Saraswati River to the north of Kurukshetra district in Hariyana) Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Perspective view of the Himalayas and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... In the Mahabharata, Ghatotkacha is the son of Bhima and Hidimbi. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named SarasvatÄ«. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatÄ« (from vnt-Ä«, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named SarasvatÄ«. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatÄ« (from vnt-Ä«, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... Kurukshetra may refer to: The Kurukshetra war described in the Mahabharata, an Indian epic The town and district of Kurukshetra in the Indian state of Haryana This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ...


Before entering Kamyaka this time, they have also spent one year in the forests of Visakhayupa to the north of Kamyaka, on the banks of Yamuna, up on the mountains from where the river originated. It was in the midst of mountains abounding with water-falls (3,176). While dwelling here Bhima was afflicted by a snake (See Naga Kingdom) The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... Nagas were a group of Mongoloid people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ...


Pandavas again shifted to the Dwaita forest(3,176) and came back to Kamyaka (4th time) afte 1 year and 8 months, seeing that the deer-population near Dwaita-lake is declining due to their presence (3,256). During this time Jayadratha, the king of Sindhu Kingdom, on his way to Salwa Kingdom passed through the Kamyaka forest (3,262). He tried to abduct Draupadi, but Pandavas prevented that attempt. In the epic Mahabharata, Jayadratha is the king of Sindhu. ... It is mentioned in the epic Mahabharata that Jayadratha was the king of Sindhu, Sauvira and Sivi Kingdoms. ... Salwa is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... In the epic Mahabharata, Draupadi is the daughter of King Drupada, and becomes the wife of the five Pandavas. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ...


On the 12th year they left Kamyaka forest for ever and went to Dwaita woods (3,308).


Thus the Pandavas spent their 12 year forest life by shutling between Kamyaka and Dwaita. There were roads walked by travellers, furnished with excellent corn and clear water between Dwaita and Kamyaka (3,256).


Dwaita Forest

Dwaita forest situated to the south of Kamyaka. It contained within it a lake called Dwaita lake, abounding with flowers, and delightful to look at, and inhabited by many species of birds, elephants and many trees (3,24). It was the south-western outskirts of Kurujangala and thus the whole of Kuru Kingdom. It situated near the borders of the desert (northern extension of Thar desert into Hariyana) (3,176). It also lied on the banks of Saraswati River (also known there as Bhogavati)(3-24,176). The holy fig, the rudaraksha, the rohitaka, the cane and the jujube, the catechu, the sirisha, the bel and the inguda and the karira and pilu and sami trees grew on the banks of the Saraswati (3,176). Pandavas during the initial years of their 12 year exile to forests, came to Dwaita woods from Kamyaka woods, to avoid frequent visits from the people of Kurujangala It was the close of summer that time (1st time) (3,24). Then they went back to Kamyaka again (3,50). This article is about Faerûn, a fictional continent, the primary setting of Forgotten Realms Official Material Brief description by Ed Greenwood Categories: Forgotten Realms stubs | Forgotten Realms places ... Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named SarasvatÄ«. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatÄ« (from vnt-Ä«, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ...


After their pilgrimage, and after return of Arjuna from northern Himalayas they came back to Dwaita woods for a second time (3,176). Then Duryodhana came to see the Pandavas living in distress at Dwaita woods. He camped 4 miles away from the Dwaita lake (3,237). He came there in the pretencet of inspecting the cattle-stations of Kurus in the vicinity. When he reached Dwaita lake, Gandharvas imprisoned him; he got released by Pandavas (2,244). Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... Gandharvas were one among the group of Exotic Tribes Of Ancient India, a class of demi-gods, well versed in music and art. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ...


Owing to the decline of deer-population Pandavas again shifted to Kamyaka woods (3,256). They came again to Dwaita woods (for a 3rd time) during their last (12th) year of forest life (3-176,308). Then they caused their followers to leave the forest and themselves left to Matsya Kingdom to spent their 13th year of anonymous life (3-313) Matsya Kingdom was probably founded by fishermen community who later attained kingship. ...


Bala Rama during his pilgrimage along Saraswati River had visited the Dwaita lake (9,37). Balarama (left) with his brother Krishna Krishna-Balarama Mandir, Vrindavan, India In Hindu Vaishnavism, Balarama (or Bala-rama) is considered to be the ninth avatar of Vishnu. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named Sarasvatī. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatī (from vnt-ī, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ...


Varanavata

This was the ancient capital of the Kuru kings and their forefathers. It lied on the foothills of Himalayas, like the capital of northern Panchala viz Ahichatra. This city could be a place called Shibpuri to the north-east of Rishikesh in Uttaranchal. It lied to the north of Hastinapura and Pramanakoti. Pandavas lived there for one year commanded by Dhritarashtra, which was like a banishment from Hastinapura (1-61,95). At that time a festival of Siva had commenced in the town of Varanavata (1,145). The concourse of people was great and the procession was the most delightful of all ever witnessed. Varanavata was described as a beautiful and populous town. Pandavas lived there in a house made of inflamable materials like lac. Duryodhana wanted to murder the Pandavas, by setting that mansion ablaze. Pandavas escaped through an undergroud passage from that mansion (1,150). The passage took them to the outskirts of the city. Emergin out of it they reached the northern banks of Ganga. They crossed the river and reached the opposite bank and proceeded in southern direction. Finally they reached a desne forest (1,152). They were then in the territory of Rakshasas. Here Bhima slew Rakshasa Hidimba (1,156) and begat Ghatotkacha upon Hidimba his sister. Bhima sported with Hidimba for one year in the regions of Guhyakas (southern Tibet) and ascetics, on the banks of Manasa-sarovara (a lake in southern Tibet) (1,157). Rishikesh (also spelt Hrishikesh, another name for Lord Vishnu), in the state of Uttaranchal, is a holy city for Hindus located in the foothills of the Himalaya in northern India. ... Uttaranchal   (Hindi: उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... This article is about the Hindu God. ... This article is about the river. ... Rakshasas were a group tribes, mentioned along with others like Devas (including Rudras, Maruts, Vasus and Adityas), Asuras (including Daityas, Danavas and Kalakeyas), Pisachas, Gandharvas, Kimpurushas, Vanaras, Suparnas, Kinnaras, Bhutas and Yakshas. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... In the Mahabharata, Hidimba (sometimes called Hidimbasura and Hdimba) was a rakshasa, the brother of Hidimbi and a forest dweller. ... In the Mahabharata, Ghatotkacha is the son of Bhima and Hidimbi. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ... Yakshas were a group of gods, demons and demi gods, mentioned along with others like like Devas (including Rudras, Maruts, Vasus and Adityas), Asuras (including Daityas, Danavas and Kalakeyas), Pisachas, Gandharvas, Kimpurushas, Vanaras, Suparnas, Kinnaras, Bhutas etc. ... This article is becoming very long. ... This article is becoming very long. ...

  • Varnavata (Varana) was mentioned as a province of Kuru Kingdom where the Kuru army for Kurukshetra War camped (5,19).
  • Varanavata was one of the provinces asked by Pandavas, if Duryodhana is unwilling to give half the kingdom:- Give us even Kusasthala, Vrikasthala, Makandi, Varanavata, and for the fifth any other that Duryodhana liked (5,31).
  • Words of Yudhisthira:- I prayed for only five villages, viz, Avishthala, Vrikasthala, Makandi, Varanavata, with any other as the fifth;--Grant us, we said, five villages or towns where we five may dwell in union (5,72) (5,82).
  • Yuyutsu, is mentioned as battling in Varanavata with many kings together, for six months unvanquished. He in another battle at Varanasi overthrew with a broad-headed arrow the prince of Kasi, desirous of seizing at a Swayamvara (self-chice ceremony) a maiden for wife (7,10). Thus it is clear that Varanavata and Varanasi (capital of Kasi, Banaras) were two different towns, though sounds similar.
  • Vyasa is mentioned to have met Pandavas at Varanavata (2,76).
  • Hanuman mistook Varanavata to be the capital of Kurus (3,150).

This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhishthira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... Capital: Varanasi (Varanasi, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh) Kasi was an ancient kingdom with Varanasi as its capital on the banks of river Ganga. ... VārāṇasÄ«   (HindÄ«: वाराणसी, UrdÅ«: وارانسی, IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras (HindÄ«: बनारस, UrdÅ«: بنارس, ; IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi (काशी کاشی ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Capital: Varanasi (Varanasi, Banaras, Uttar Pradesh) Kasi was an ancient kingdom with Varanasi as its capital on the banks of river Ganga. ... Benares (also known as Banaras, Kashi, Kasi and Varanasi (वाराणसी)) is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the river Ganga or Ganges in the modern north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Hanuman tearing his chest open to reveal that Rama and Sita are literally in his heart In the Hindu faith, Hanuman (Sanskrit: हनुमत् Hanumat; nominative singular हनुमान् Hanumān), known also as Anjaneya, is one of the most important personalities in the epic, the Ramayana. ...

Vrikasthala

This province and town were situated in the southern part of Kuru Kingdom (Kuru Proper + Kurujangala). After setting out from Upaplavya a city in the Matsya Kingdom, Vasudeva Krishna, on his journey to Hastinapura, passed through many villages abounding in bees, and many cities and minor provinces. He then reached a village called Salibhavana (Salaheri, on the Rajasthan-Hariyana boarder), which was filled with every kind of crops, a spot that was delicious and sacred. It was the southern-most populated village in the Kuru Kingdom. It was protected by Bharatas (soldiers of Bharatas ?). The citisons of Upaplavya followed Krishna upto Salibhavana. Bidding farewell to them Krishna reached the town of Vrikasthala (in Gurgaon district of Hariyana) by the evening of the day. Krishna camped there for the night (5,84). Duryodhana erected many pavalions full of precious gems, on the road extending from Vrikasthala to Hasthinapura, to welcome Krishna (5,85). Next day Krishna took leave of the Bharatas who protected Vrikasthala and proceeded to Hastinapura. Citizens of Vrikasthala bid farewell to him. Finally he was welcomed by the Kurus at Hastinapura (5,89). Matsya Kingdom was probably founded by fishermen community who later attained kingship. ... Krishna was the son of the Yadava chief Vasudeva and his wife Devaki. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... Gurgaons population has grown exponentially in past few years. ... Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ...


Makandi

Makandi was a province running along the banks of Ganga, to the south of Hastinapura. It was a central province. The province extended to southern Panchala Kingdom, also with the same name. Kampilya the capital city of Panchala was situated in the Makandi province within the southern Panchala kingdom (1,140). This article is about the river. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ...


Kurukshetra

Kuru Kingdom was sometimes spocken of composed of three geographical regions viz Kuru-region (populated region), Kurujangala (sparingly populated with many forests) and Kurukshetra (a vast plain with minor bushlands).


Kurukshetra was a plain-land that lied to the south of the Saraswati River and the north of the river Drishadwati (3,83). Many battles during the epic-age was fought there. The ecounter of Gandharva king and Kuru king Chitrangada (1,101), the encounter between Bhishma and Bhargava Rama (5,181), and the Kurukshetra War; all these wars occurred there. It was also known as Brahmakshetra, due to its religious significance (3,83). The Hindu Vedas mention a river named Sarasvatī. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatī (from vnt-ī, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... Gandharvas were one among the group of Exotic Tribes Of Ancient India, a class of demi-gods, well versed in music and art. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bhargava Rama was a Brahmin warrior in the lineage of Bhrigus. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


That which lies between Tarantuka and Arantuka and the lakes of Rama and Machakruka is Kurukshetra. It is also called Samantapanchaka and is said to be the northern sacrificial altar of the Grandsire (3,83). The space between the Tarantuka and the Arantuka and the lakes of Rama and Shamachakra, is known as Kurukshetra (9,53).


Himalaya, the Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati with Kurukshetra and the Sindhu with its five tributary rivers where the region mentioned as the seat of Vedic religion (8,44). Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... This article is about the river. ... The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. ... The Sarasvati River is an ancient river that is mentioned in Hindu texts. ... Kurukshetra may refer to: The Kurukshetra war described in the Mahabharata, an Indian epic The town and district of Kurukshetra in the Indian state of Haryana This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Indus (सिन्‍धु नदी) (known as Sindhu in ancient times) is the principal river of Pakistan. ...


Places named after Yaksha, Mankanaka and Vishnu were mentioned here. Other places include Pariplava, Prithivi, Shalukini, Sarpadevi (Naga-Tirtha), Tarantuka the gatekeeper, Panchananda, Koti, Aswina, Varaha, Sama (Jayanti), Ekahansa, Kritasaucha, Munjavata, Yakshini (the gate of Kurukshetra, created by Bhargava Rama), Rama-hrada (5 lakes called Samantapanchaka), Vansamulaka, Kayasodhana, Lokoddara, Kapila, Surya, Gobhavana, Shankhini, Devi-tirtha, Tarantuka (on Saraswati), Brahmavarta, Sutirtha (on river Amvumati), Kasiswara, Matri tirtha, Shitavana, Shwavillomapaha, Dasaswamedhika and Manusha. To the east of Manusha is the river Apaga. Beyond it is places like Brahmodumvara, Kedara (Kapila), Saraka, Rudrakoti, Ilaspada, Kindana, Kinjapya, Kalasi, Anajanma of Narada (east of Saraka), Pundarika, Tripishtapa, Vaitarani river, Phalakivana, Dhrishadwati, Sarvadeva, Panikhata, Misraka, Vyasavana, Manojava, Madhuvati (Devi Tirtha), the confluence of the Kausiki and the Drishadwati, Vyasasthali, Kindatta, Vedi, Ahas, Sudina, Mrigadhuma, Devi tirtha, Vamanaka, Kulampuna, Pavana-hrada, Amara-hrada, Sali surya, Sreekunja (on Saraswati), Naimishakunja (on Saraswati), Kanya, Brahma, Soma, Saptasaraswata, Ausanasa, Kapalamochana, Agni, Viswamitra, Brahmayoni, Prithudaka, Madhusrava, confluence of Saraswati and Aruna, Ardhakila, Satasahasraka, Sahasraka, Renuka, Vimochana, Panchavati, Taijasa (Varuna Tirta. Here Guha (Kartikeya) became the generalissimo of DEva army), Kuru-Tirta, Svargadwara, Anaraka, Swastipura, Pavana, Ganga-hrada, Kupa, Sthanuvata, Vadaripachana (Vasistha), Indramarga, Ekaratra, Aditya, Soma, Dadhicha, Kanyasrama, Sannihati (on Saraswati) and Koti-tirtha (of Yaksha Machakruka) (3,83).


King Pandu made Kurujangala, Kurukshetra, and the Kuru-region to grew in prosperity (1,109). Kurukshetra was the place where king Kuru, the founder of the Kuru dynasty, lived as an ascetic (1,94) Kuru is mentioned to use this land for agriculture also (9,53). Nagas also lived there (1,3). Similarly Asuras viz Sunda and Upasunda also lived there (1,213). The generallisimo of Deva army viz Guha (Kartikeya) also is linked with this place. (This could be one among the many places where the Devas formerly vanquished the Asuras). Janamejaya is mentioned to have performing a long sacrifice at Kurukshetra (1,3). Dhritarashtra spent his last days in the forests close to Kurukshetra (15,19). (See Also Kekeya Kingdom) In the Mahabharata epic, Pandu is the son of Vichitravirya and his second wife, Ambalika from Vyasa. ... Nagas were a group of Mongoloid people spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata. ... Janamejaya, was the son of Arjunas (Mahabharata)grandson Parikishit. ... In Mahabharata Dhritarashtra was the son bore by Vichitraviryas first wife Ambika from Vyasa. ... Kekeya is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ...


The portion of Saraswati River, flowing through Kurukshetra was known as Oghavati. Oghavati is mentioned to be same as Saraswati at (9,38). Bhishma lied in Kurukshetra War during his last days on the banks of Oghavati (12,50). Oghavat was a king (grandfather of Nriga), whose daughter was named Oghavati who dwelt in Kurukshetra, with his fire-worshiping husband Sudarsana (13,2). Another king Oghavat is mentioned as an ally of Salwa king who took part in Kurukshetra War and slain by Bhima (8,5). On the last day of the war Pandavas came to the banks of this river, leaving their camp on the banks of Hiranwati river (9,62). The Hindu Vedas mention a river named Sarasvatī. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatī (from vnt-ī, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Salwa is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... A motif depicting Bheema in the battle ready posture. ...


Army camps of Kauravas for Kurukshetra War

Duryodhana had a force which numbered eleven Akshauhinis bristling with banners of various forms. There was no space in the city of Hastinapura even for the principal leaders of Duryodhana’s army. For this reason the land of the five rivers (Punjab), and the whole of the region called Kurujangala (Delhi and eastern Hariyana), and the forest of Rohitaka (Rohtak district in Hariyana) which was uniformly wild, and Ahichatra and Kalakuta (both in Northern Panchala (ie Uttara-Panchala viz Uttaranchal), and the banks of the Ganga, and Varana, and Vatadhana, and the hill tracts on the border of the Yamuna—the whole of this extensive tract—full of abundant corn and wealth, was entirely overspread with the army of the Kauravas, to battle in the Kurukshetra War. (5,19). In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (meaning: Land of the five Rivers) (c. ... Delhi   (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, Punjabi: ) is a metropolis in northern India. ... Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is located in Rohtak District, Haryana, India. ... Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... Panchala Kingdom extended from Himalayas in the north to river Charmanuati in the south. ... Uttaranchal   (Hindi: उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... This article is about the river. ... The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. ... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


Army camps of Pandavas for Kurukshetra War

King Yudhishthira caused his troops to encamp on a part of the field that was level, cool, and abounding with grass and fuel. Avoiding cemeteries, temples and compounds consecrated to the deities, asylums of sages, shrines, and other sacred plots. Dhristadyumna and Satyaki measured the ground for encampment. The camp was constructed on the banks of Hiranwati which flows through Kurukshetra, whose bed was divested of pointed pebbles and mire (5,153). Yudhisthira was the son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti. ... Dhristadyumna was the son of Drupada and brother of Draupadi and Shikhandi in the classic epic Mahabharata. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Satyaki, also called Yuyudhana, a powerful warrior belong to the Yadava-Vrishni dynasty of Lord Krishna. ...


Kurus in Kurukshetra War

The whole Kurukshetra War was fought for the sake of the two factions of the royal family of the Kurus, viz the Kauravas and the Pandavas. They brought into this war almost all the rulers of ancient India. The colossal destruction of life and wealth in this war led ancient India into a socio-economic depression (otherwise known as the Kali Yuga or the dark age) that lasted for a long period . This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The term Kaurava is a Sanskrit term, that means the descendants of Kuru, a legendary king who is the ancestor of many of the characters of the Mahabharata. ... The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... Kali Yuga is also the title of a book by Roland Charles Wagner. ...


The prominent Kuru heroes who fought in the war were the five Pandavas, their sons, Duryodhana and his brothers, their sons and the Kuru grandsire viz Bhishma. The remote cousines of the Kurus in Bahlika, who were also considered as Kurus, also fought the war. They were king Bahlika, his son Somadatta and Somadatta's sons viz Bhurisravas and Sala. Drona and Kripa, the two preceptors in military science who dwelled with the Kurus, and who were counted among the Kuru warriors, also participated in the war. The Pandavas were the five sons of the king Pandu. ... In the Mahabharata, Duryodhana (or Dhuryodhana) is the eldest son of the blind king Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari, and the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers, and the chief antagonist of the Pandavas. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... All the western kingdoms were known by the general name Bahlika (Vahika, Vahlika and Bahika as variations of the name) meaning outsider. ... In the epic Mahabharata, Drona (Sanskrit: द्रोण, droNa) or Dronacharya (द्रोणाचार्य, droNāchārya) is the royal guru to the Kauravas and the Pandavas. ... Kripa, also often called Kripacharya, was the chief priest at the court of Hastinapura, in the Mahabharata. ...


For further details see Kurukshetra War This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


Establishment of Yadava rulers in Kurujangala

After the Yadava rule in Dwaraka ended when the Dwaraka island sank into ocean, Arjuna, bringing the remnant Yadavas from there to Kurukshetra, established them in various regions around Kurukshetra. The Yadava Dynasty ruled a kingdom in what is now Maharashtra, India from the 12th century to the 14th century. ... Dwaraka Capital : Dwaravati (near Dwarka, , Gujarat) Dwaraka was a new country founded by the Yadava clan of chiefs who fled from the Surasena Kingdom due to fear from the king Jarasandha of Magadha. ... Krishna to Arjuna: Behold My mystic opulence! Arjuna (Sanskrit: अर्जुन, arjuna) is one of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. ...


The son of Kritavarma (the Bhoja-Yadava hero) was established in the city called Martikavata. (It was the capital of Salwa Kingdom that lied to the south-west of Kurujangala). Vrishni-Yadava hero viz Satyaki's son was established on the banks of Saraswati River. Prince Vajra of Vasudeva Krishna's line was established at Indraprastha (16,7). This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ... Salwa is a kingdom grouped among the western kingdoms in the epic Mahabharata. ... In the Mahabharata epic, Satyaki, also called Yuyudhana, a powerful warrior belong to the Yadava-Vrishni dynasty of Lord Krishna. ... The Hindu Vedas mention a river named Sarasvatī. In Sanskrit saras means a pool or water body, and vatī (from vnt-ī, the female form of the -vant suffix) means she having lots of pools. Sarasvati was the biggest and most important of the seven holy rivers of the Rig Veda. ... Krishna was the son of the Yadava chief Vasudeva and his wife Devaki. ... The first city of Delhi is believed to be founded by the legendary Pandavas of the Mahabharata around 1400 BC. It was called Indraprastha. ...


The Kuru lineage was continued by Parikshit the son of Abhimanyu, at Hastinapura, after the rule of Pandava king Yudhisthira. Parikshit's son Janamejaya was the last famous Kuru king Parikshita is in the Mahabharata epic the successor of Yudhisthira to the throne of Hastinapura. ... Abhimanyu (Sanskrit: अभिमन्यु, abhimanyu) is a tragic hero in the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata. ... In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Hastinapura is the capital and the kingdom of the Kauravas, the descendants of Kuru, which include the Pandavas. ... In the Mahabharata, the Pandava are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. ... In the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, Yudhisthira (Sanskrit: युधिष्ठिर, yudhishthira) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti, king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha, and World Emperor. ... Janamejaya, was the son of Arjunas (Mahabharata)grandson Parikishit. ... Kuru or Kurus may be: Kuru (kingdom), a powerful Indian kingdom during the Vedic period and later a republic during the Mahajanapada period Kuru Kingdom, a kingdom based on the historic Kuru kingdom in Indian epic literature Kuru (disease), neurological, and associated with New Guinea, the Fore, and cannibalism Kuru...


See also

This article tries to compile and classify all the Kingdoms of Ancient India mentioned in the Sanskrit/Vedic literature. ... Ekachakra is a small village, located in West Bengal. ... Context : Kingdoms of Ancient India Other than the Kurus of India ruled by the Pandavas and the Kauravas, there was this another kingdom called Uttara Kurus to the north of Himalayas. ...

References

Mahabharata of Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, translated to English by Kisari Mohan Ganguli


 
 

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