FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kurt Waldheim
Kurt Waldheim

In office
January 1, 1972 – January 1, 1982
Preceded by U Thant
Succeeded by Javier Pérez de Cuéllar

In office
8 July 1986 – 8 July 1992
Preceded by Rudolf Kirchschläger
Succeeded by Thomas Klestil

Born December 21, 1918(1918-12-21)
Sankt Andrä-Wördern near Vienna, Austria
Died June 14, 2007 (aged 88)
Vienna, Austria
Nationality Austrian
Spouse Elisabeth Waldheim
Religion Roman Catholic

Kurt Josef Waldheim (21 December 191814 June 2007) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. Waldheim was Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, and President of Austria from 1986 to 1992. While running for President in Austria in 1985 he attained international notoriety because he had falsified, in his memoirs, both the duration and the nature of his service as a Wehrmacht intelligence officer during World War II. The United Nations Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat, one of the principal divisions of the United Nations. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... U Thant (Burmese: ; 22 January 1909 – 25 November 1974) was a Burmese diplomat and the third Secretary-General of the United Nations, from 1961 to 1971. ... Javier Pérez de Cuéllar de la Guerra (born January 19, 1920 in Lima) is a Peruvian diplomat who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991. ... The Leopoldine Wing of Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna: home to the offices of the Federal President. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Rudolf Kirchschläger Rudolf Kirchschläger (born March 20, 1915, death March 30, 2000) was an Austrian diplomat, politician, judge and from 1974 to 1986 Austrian president. ... Thomas Klestil (4 November 1932 – 6 July 2004) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... “Wien” redirects here. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... “Wien” redirects here. ... Elisabeth Waldheim (née Ritschel) (born 13 April 1922 in Vienna) is the wife of the former UN Secretary-General and Austrian federal president Kurt Waldheim. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Military intelligence (abbreviated MI, int. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Early life

Waldheim was born in Sankt Andrä-Wördern, a village near Vienna, on December 21, 1918.[1] His father was a Roman Catholic school inspector of Czech origin named Watzlawick[2] (original Czech spelling Waclawik[3]) who changed his name that year as the Habsburg monarchy collapsed. He served in the Austrian Army (1936-37) and attended the Vienna Consular Academy, where he graduated in 1939. Waldheim's father was active in the Christian Social Party. Waldheim himself was politically unaffiliated during these years at the Academy. Shortly after the German annexation of Austria in 1938, Waldheim applied for membership in the National Socialist German Students' League (NSDStB), a division of the NSDAP[4]. Shortly thereafter he became a registered member of the mounted corps of the SA. “Wien” redirects here. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... Proper spelling is the writing of a word or words with all necessary letters and diacritics present in an accepted standard order. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... In 1955, Austria declared her Everlasting Neutrality and made neutrality a constitutional law. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Christian Social Party (CS) was an Austrian political party from 1893 to 1933 and a predecessor of the contemporary Austrian Peoples Party. ... German troops march into Austria on 12 March 1938. ... The National Socialist German Students League (in German, Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Studentenbund; abbreviated NSDStB), was founded in 1926 as an organ of the NSDAP (NSDAP) with the mission of integrating University-level education and academic life within the framework of the National Socialist worldview. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... The seal of SA SA propaganda poster. ...


On August 19, 1944, in Vienna, he married Elisabeth Ritschel; their first daughter Lieselotte was born the following year. Son Gerhard and daughter Christa followed. is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Elisabeth Waldheim (née Ritschel) (born 13 April 1922 in Vienna) is the wife of the former UN Secretary-General and Austrian federal president Kurt Waldheim. ...


Military service in World War II

Overview

In early 1941 Waldheim was drafted into the Wehrmacht and sent to the Eastern Front where he served as a squad leader. In December 1941 he was wounded but returned to service later on. His further service in the Wehrmacht from 1942 to 1945 (at age 24 to 27) was subject of the international dispute regarding his person in 1985 and 1986. In 1985, in his autobiography, he stated that he was discharged from further service at the front and for the rest of the war years finished his law degree at the University of Vienna and married in 1944.[5] Later documents and witnesses would come to light revealing that Waldheim’s military service continued until 1945, while it is correct that he graduated from the University of Vienna in 1945 receiving a law degree and that he married in 1944. Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky... The University of Vienna (German: Universität Wien) in Vienna, Austria is the oldest university in the current Austro-Hungarian domain; it formally opened in 1365. ...


His functions within the staff of German Army Group E from 1942 until 1945, as determined by the International Commission of Historians [6], were: 1. interpreter and liaison officer with the Italian 5th division (Pusteria) in April/May 1942, then 2. O2 officer (communications) with the Kampfgruppe West Bosnia June/August 1942, 3. interpreter with the liaison staff attached to the 9th Italian Army in Tirana in early summer 1942, 4. O1 officer in the German liaison staff with the 11th Italian Army and in the staff of the Army Group South Greece in July/October 1943 and 5. O3 officer on the staff of Army Group E in Arksali, Mitrovica and Sarajevo from October 1943 to January/February 1945. The German Army (German: Deutsches Heer, [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Interpreter can mean one of the following: In communication, an interpreter is a person whose role is to facilitate dialogue between two parties that do not use the same language. ... Approximate borders between Bosnia (marked dark) and Herzegovina (marked light) Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna/Босна) comprises the northern part of the present-day country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Coat of Arms of the Italian Army Dardo IFV on exercise in Capo Teulada Soldiers of the 33rd Field Artillery Regiment Acqui on parade The Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) is the ground defense force of the Italian Republic. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ... Mitrovica may refer to more than one place in Serbia and Montenegro: Kosovska Mitrovica Sremska Mitrovica This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ...


Service in Yugoslavia and Greece

By 1943 he was serving in the capacity of an ordnance officer in Army Group E which was headed by General Alexander Löhr[7]. In 1986 Waldheim would say that he served only as an interpreter and a clerk and had no knowledge either of reprisals enacted against civilians locally or of large-scale massacres in neighboring provinces of Yugoslavia, but later conceded that he did know about some of the things that were happening, and had been horrified, but could not see what else he could have done. [8]. Army Group E (Heeresgruppe E) was a German Army Group active during World War II. Army Group E was created on 1 January 1943. ... Alexander Löhr (May 20, 1885–February 26, 1947) was an Austrian Air Force commander during the 1930s before the Anschluss and, later on, a Luftwaffe Commander during the Second World War. ...


In Yugoslavia, as in most of the other territories occupied by Nazi Germany, concentration camps had been established and partisans and resistance fighters were battled against. Allegations have been brought forward that because prisoners were routinely shot within only a few hundred yards of Waldheim's office in Yugoslavia.[9], and the Jasenovac concentration camp was just a few miles away from his office, Waldheim, who was a liaison officer at that time, would have known about these things. Waldheim replied to these allegations "that he did not know about the murder of civilians there."[9] No confirmation of these allegations has been brought forward. Jasenovac is a municipality in Central Croatia, in the southern part of the Sisak-Moslavina county at the confluence of the river Una into Sava. ...


Waldheim's name appears on the Wehrmacht's "honor list" of those responsible for the militarily successful operation. The short lived Independent State of Croatia awarded Waldheim a silver medal with an oak leaf cluster from the fascist Ustashi leader, Ante Pavelic. [10] Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Puppet-state King  - 1941-1943 Tomislav II Poglavnik  - 1941-1945 Ante Pavelić Legislature None Historical era World War II  - Established April 10, 1941  - Disestablished May 8, 1945 Population  - 1941 est. ... The Ustaše (often spelled Ustashe in English; singular Ustaša or Ustasha) was a Croatian right-wing organisation put in charge of the Independent State of Croatia by the Axis Powers in 1941. ... The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ...


Surrender and post-war investigation

In 1945, Waldheim surrendered to British forces in Carinthia, at which point he said he had fled his command post within Army Group E, where he was serving with General Löhr, who was seeking a special deal with the British. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Carinthia (German: Kärnten, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) is the southernmost Austrian state or Land; it is chiefly famous for its mountains and lakes. ...


Diplomatic career

Waldheim joined the Austrian diplomatic service in 1945, after finishing his studies in law at the University of Vienna. He served as First Secretary of the Legation in Paris from 1948, and in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Vienna from 1951 to 1956. In 1956 he was made Ambassador to Canada, returning to the Ministry in 1960, after which he became the Permanent Representative of Austria to the United Nations in 1964. For two years beginning in 1968, he was the Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs in Austria serving for the Austrian People's Party, before going back as Permanent Representative to the U.N. in 1970. Shortly afterwards, he ran and was defeated in the 1971 Austrian presidential elections The 1955 Austrian State Treaty ended the four-power occupation and recognized Austria as an independent and sovereign state. ... The University of Vienna (German: Universität Wien) in Vienna, Austria is the oldest university in the current Austro-Hungarian domain; it formally opened in 1365. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The Austrian Peoples Party (de:Österreichische Volkspartei, or ÖVP) is an Austrian political party. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ...


United Nations Secretary-General

After being defeated in his home country's presidential election, he was elected to succeed U Thant as United Nations Secretary-General the same year. As Secretary-General, Waldheim opened and addressed a number of major international conferences convened under United Nations auspices. These included the third session of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (Santiago, April 1972), the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, June 1972), the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Seas (Caracas, June 1974), the World Population Conference (Bucharest, August 1974) and the World Food Conference (Rome, November 1974). However, his diplomatic efforts particularly in the Middle East were over shadowed by the diplomacy of then US Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger.[11] U Thant (Burmese: ; 22 January 1909 – 25 November 1974) was a Burmese diplomat and the third Secretary-General of the United Nations, from 1961 to 1971. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body, UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment and development issues. ... An international conference convened under United Nations auspices held in Stockholm Sweden, in June 1972. ... The United Nations Conference on the Law of the Seas was held in 1958 to prepare international law over maritime activities. ... The United Nations Fund for Population Activities began funding population programs in 1969. ... The first World Food Conference was held in Rome in 1974 by the United Nations under the auspices of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), in the wake of the devastating famine in Bangladesh in the proceeding two years. ... The United States Secretary of State is the head of the United States Department of State, concerned with foreign affairs. ... Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American diplomat, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. ...


Waldheim was re-elected in 1976 despite some opposition. Waldheim and then-U.S. President Jimmy Carter both prepared written statements for inclusion on the Voyager Golden Records, now in deep space.[12] In 1980 Waldheim flew to Iran in an attempt to negotiate the release of the American hostages held in Tehran, but Ayatollah Khomeini refused to see him. [13] While in Tehran, it was announced that an attempt on Waldheim's life had been foiled. Near the end of his tenure as Secretary-General, Waldheim and Paul McCartney also organized a series of concerts for the People of Kampuchea to help Cambodia recover from the damage done by Pol Pot.[14] Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named Jimmy Carter, see Jimmy Carter (disambiguation). ... The Voyager Golden Record. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Iranian militants escort a blindfolded U.S. hostage to the media. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ayatollah Khomeini founded the first modern Islamic republic Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی in Persian) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia cleric and the political... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... Concerts for the People of Kampuchea was a series of concert and also is a double album from Wings, The Who, Queen, Elvis Costello, The Pretenders, The Clash and many more artists of the higlights from series of concerts in Hammersmith Odeon to raise money for the victims of Pol... Saloth Sar (May 19, 1925 – April 15, 1998), better known as Pol Pot, was the leader of the Khmer Rouge and the Prime Minister of Cambodia (officially renamed the Democratic Kampuchea during his rule) from 1976 to 1979, having been de facto leader since mid-1975. ...


Seeking a third world Secretary-General, the People's Republic of China used their veto powers to block a third term for Waldheim. He was succeeded by Javier Pérez de Cuéllar of Peru. For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... Javier Pérez de Cuéllar de la Guerra (born January 19, 1920 in Lima) is a Peruvian diplomat who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991. ...


Presidency of Austria

Election and Waldheim Affair

Waldheim and his wife Sissy in 2002

Waldheim had unsuccessfully sought election as President of Austria in 1971, but his second attempt on June 8, 1986, proved successful. In 1985, during his campaign for the presidency, the events started that marked the beginning of what became known internationally as the "Waldheim Affair". Before the presidential elections, Alfred Worm, in the Austrian weekly news magazine Profil, revealed that there had been several omissions about Waldheim's life between 1938 and 1945 in Waldheim's recently-published autobiography. A short time later, it was proposed by the World Jewish Congress that Waldheim had lied about his service as an officer in the mounted corps of the SA, and his time as an ordnance officer in Saloniki, Greece, from 1942 to 1943. [15] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Elisabeth Waldheim (née Ritschel) (born 13 April 1922 in Vienna) is the wife of the former UN Secretary-General and Austrian federal president Kurt Waldheim. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Alfred Worm (b. ... Profil was a band that has represented France in Eurovision Song Contest 1980 with the entry Hè Hé M´sieurs dames (11 st place, 45 pts). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The World Jewish Congress (WJC) is an international federation of Jewish communities and organizations. ... The seal of SA SA propaganda poster. ... Thessaloníki (Θεσσαλονίκη; pronounced IPA /θɛ.sa. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The International Committee of historians

Because of the ongoing international controversy, the Austrian government decided to appoint an international committee of historians to examine Waldheim's life between 1938 and 1945. Their report cited evidence of Waldheim's knowledge about preparation for war crimes but denied any personal involvement in those crimes. According to the controversial Betrayal: The Untold Story of the Kurt Waldheim Investigation and Cover-Up by Eli Rosenbaum, the Austrian government and a number of media outlets vigorously opposed the allegations both before and after the release of the report.[16] During the controversy, Waldheim was defended by Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal,[17] who stated in a letter to The Forward, published October 15, 1993: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Nazi hunter is a private individual or group who tracks down and gathers information on former Nazis so that they can be punished for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in the Holocaust. ... Simon Wiesenthal, KBE, (Buczacz, December 31, 1908 – Vienna, September 20, 2005) was an Austrian-Jewish architectural engineer who became a Nazi hunter after surviving the Holocaust. ... The Forward is a Jewish-American newspaper published in New York. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

The people from the World Jewish Congress, who were so committed to the Waldheim case, find it difficult to accept the results of the international commission of historians. This commission, which was formed at my instigation in Vienna, had come to the conclusion that Mr. Waldheim knew about the wartime crimes in the Balkans but that he was not personally involved in these. A similar judgment was pronounced by a committee that examined the documents about Mr. Waldheim on Thames Television in London. The committee included some of the most respected jurists; the former director of the Office of Special Investigations, Alan Ryan, functioned as prosecutor. This group, too, concluded that there is no 'case' against Mr. Waldheim.

As Simon Wiesenthal publicly stated, there was no evidence found by the committee that Waldheim took part in any war crimes. Rather Waldheim's offence has been to lie about his military record. [18] The International Committee in February 1988 concluded, with regard to Waldheim's ability to do something about the crimes he knew that were going on in Yugoslavia and Greece:

In favour of Waldheim is, that he only had very minor possibilities to act against the injustices happening. Actions against these, depending on which level the resistance occurred, were of very different importance. For a young member of the staff, who did not have any military authority on the army group level, the practical possibilities for resistance were very limited and with a high probability would not have led to any actual results. Resistance would have been limited to a formal protest or on the refusal to serve any longer in the army, which would have seemed to be a courageous act, however would have not led to any practical achievement. [19]

Ostrovsky claims

In 1994 the supposed former Mossad officer Victor Ostrovsky claimed in his book The Other Side of Deception that Mossad doctored the file of the then UN Secretary General to implicate him in Nazi crimes. These false documents were subsequently "discovered" by Benjamin Netanyahu in the UN file, and triggered the "Waldheim Affair". Ostrovsky says the reason was Waldheim's criticism of Israeli action in Lebanon [20]. Debate surrounds Ostrovsky and his writings but they have not as yet been shown to be false. Nor have they been shown to be true.   (Hebrew: המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים, The Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations), often referred to as The Mossad (meaning The Institute), is Israels intelligence agency and is responsible for intelligence collection, counter-terrorism, covert operations such as paramilitary activities, and the facilitation of aliyah where it is banned. ... Victor Ostrovsky (born on November 28, 1949 in Edmonton, Alberta) is a Canadian-born, Israel-raised former Mossad officer and author of 2 non-fiction books on the Mossad and two fictional spy novels. ...   (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ (without niqqud: בנימין נתניהו), Hebrew transliteration written in English: Binyamin Netanyahu, nicknamed Bibi) (born October 21, 1949, Tel Aviv) was the 9th Prime Minister of Israel and is a leading figure in the Likud party. ...


Term of presidency 1986-1992

Throughout his term as president (1986-1992), Waldheim and his wife Elisabeth were officially deemed personae non gratae by the United States.[21] In 1987, they were put on a watch list of persons banned from entering the United States and remained on the list even after the publication of the International Committee of Historian's report on his military past in the Wehrmacht. He also was neither invited and therefore did not visit any other Western countries during his term as Austrian president. Waldheim therefore concentrated his state visits on the Middle East, the Vatican as well as some communist states. Look up Persona non grata in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Computer Assisted Passenger Prescreening System (often abbreviated CAPPS) is a counter-terrorism system in place in the United States air travel industry. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Late life

After his term ended in 1992, Waldheim decided not to run for a second term and retired. In 1992 Waldheim was made an honorary member of K.H.V. Welfia Klosterneuburg, a Roman Catholic student fraternity that is a part of the Austrian Cartellverband (ÖCV). In 1994, Pope John Paul II awarded Waldheim a knighthood in the Order of Pius IX and his wife a papal honor. [22] He died in June 2007 from heart failure. On June 23 his funeral was held at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna and he was laid to rest at the Presidential Vault in the Zentralfriedhof (Central Cemetery).[23] In his speech at St. Stephen's Cathedral Austria's Federal President Heinz Fischer called Waldheim "a great Austrian" who had been wrongfully accused of having committed war crimes. Fischer also praised Waldheim for his efforts to solve international crises and for his contributions to world peace.[24] At Waldheim's own request, no foreign heads of states or governments were invited to attend his funeral. Hans-Adam II, the Prince of Liechtenstein, a neighbouring country of Austria, was the only one to be present. Also present was Luis Durnwalder, president of South Tyrol. Syria and Japan were the only two countries that laid a wreath. In a two-page letter, published posthumously by the Austrian Press Agency the day after he died, Waldheim admitted making "mistakes" ("but these were certainly not those of a follower let alone an accomplice of a criminal regime") and asked his critics for forgiveness [25]. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... A Studentenverbindung (the umbrella term that includes the Burschenschaften, Landsmannschaften, Corps, Turnerschaften, Sängerschaften, Catholic Corporations, Wingolf and Ferialverbindungen) is a German student corporation equivalent to fraternities in the US or Canada. ... Cartellverband The Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen or Cartellverband (CV) is a german umbrella organisation of catholic student fraternities (Studentenverbindung). ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Order of Pius IX is a Papal order of knighthood founded on 17 June 1847 by Pope Pius IX. It comprises four classes: Knights of the Great Ribbon who wear a wide dark blue silk ribbon bordered with red which extends saltire-wise from the left shoulder to the... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... Exterior of the Dr. Karl Lueger-Gedächtniskirche, Zentralfriedhof, Vienna. ... Heinz Fischer (born 9 October 1938) is the federal president of Austria. ... Hans-Adam II (Johannes Hans Adam Ferdinand Alois Josef Maria Marko dAviano Pius; on official documents Hans Adam II von und zu Liechtenstein), styled HSH The Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein, full title Fürst von und zu Liechtenstein, Herzog von Troppau und Jägerndorf, Graf zu Rietberg (born February... Luis Durnwalder, Landeshauptmann of Südtirol Luis Durnwalder (born 23 September 1941 in Pfalzen) is a South Tyrolean politician and at present Landeshauptmann (Governor) of Südtirol. ... The Autonomous Province of Bolzano-Bozen[1][2] (Italian: Provincia autonoma di Bolzano; German: Autonome Provinz Bozen; Ladin: Provinzia autonòma de Balsan), also called Alto Adige/Südtirol (Italian: Alto Adige; German: Südtirol; Ladin: Adesc Aut[3][4] or Sudtirol; English: Alto Adige or South Tyrol), is an...


Media references

  • Waldheim is the subject of Lou Reed's song "Good Evening, Mr. Waldheim" from the album New York, in which he is criticized as a racist along with Jesse Jackson, Louis Farrakhan and Pope John Paul II:[26] "And Pontiff, pretty Pontiff, can anyone shake your hand? Or is it just that you like uniforms and someone kissing your hand?"
  • The 1981 feature film Montenegro, directed by the Yugoslav director Dušan Makavejev, is set in a fictional Eastern European town called Waldheim.
  • W. G. Sebald's novel The Rings of Saturn (1995; English trans., 1998) refers to Waldheim, though not by name.[27]
  • As a much-heralded invited guest on Dame Edna Everage's talk show The Dame Edna Experience, a dignified "Kurt Waldheim" began a grand entrance, except that halfway down the staircase he abruptly fell through a hidden chute and disappeared: the band's fanfare stopped as Dame Edna explained she had decided at the last minute to "abort" Dr. Waldheim's appearance because it would have been "too political." The episode aired 12 September 1987.
  • A running segment on the Howard Stern radio show is called Guess Who's The Jew and features Fred Norris portraying a Nazi Kurt Waldheim Jr.[28]

Lewis Reed[1] (born March 2, 1942) is an American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... New York is a 1989 album by Lou Reed. ... 1. ... Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. ... Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   [] (May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland – April 2, 2005, Vatican City) reigned as... Montenegro also known as Montenegro - Or Pigs and Pearls (Swedish: Montenegro eller Paerlor och Svin) is a Swedish black comedy film by Yugoslav director DuÅ¡an Makavejev. ... DuÅ¡an Makavejev (born 1932) is a Serbian film director, born in Belgrade, famous for his groundbreaking films of former Yugoslav cinema in late 1960s and early 1970s. ... W.G. Sebald W. G. (Winfred Georg Maximilian) Sebald (May 18, 1944, Wertach im Allgäu–December 14, 2001, Norfolk, United Kingdom) was a writer and academic. ... Dame Edna Everage featuring on a billboard at the Myer department store in Melbourne. ... Series One DVD cover (released 2004) The Dame Edna Experience was a British television comedy talk-show hosted by Dame Edna Everage (a character played by Australian satirist Barry Humphries). ... This article is a biography of Howard Stern as an individual; for information regarding his radio show see The Howard Stern Show. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Harry Norman Turtledove (born June 14, 1949) is an American historian and prolific novelist who has written historical fiction, fantasy, and science fiction works. ... This article is 45 kilobytes or more in size. ... Nazi propaganda poster. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Doctor Who is a long-running award-winning British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The series depicts the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor who travels in his TARDIS (Time And Relative Dimension(s) In Space) time ship, which appears from the exterior... Silver Nemesis is a serial in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which was first broadcast in the UK in three weekly parts from November 23 (the series 25th anniversary) to December 7, 1988. ... Anton Diffring (20 October 1918 - 20 May 1989) was a German actor. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ...

Further reading

  • Bassett, Richard (1988). Waldheim and Austria, Penguin Books. ISBN-13: 978-0140130195
  • International Commission of Historians (1993). The Waldheim Report. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum, University of Copenhagen, 224 p. ISBN 87-7289-206-4. 
  • Waldheim, Kurt (1985). In the eye of the storm: the memoirs of Kurt Waldheim. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-78678-4. 

References

  1. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/871159.html
  2. ^ Kurt Waldheim, The Daily Telegraph, June 15, 2007.
  3. ^ "A Viennese Compromise", Time, January 3, 1972.
  4. ^ Report of the International Historical Commission of February 8, 1988, section on "Membership in National Socialist Organizations", as cited for example in http://nationalsozialismus.at/Themen/Umgang/waldheim.htm
  5. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article1934744.ece
  6. ^ see page 39 of The Waldheim Report. Submitted February 8, 1988 to Federal Chancellor Dr. Franz Vranitzky
  7. ^ * Walther-Peer Fellgiebel (2000), Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5
  8. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article1934744.ece
  9. ^ a b Casey, Dennis (May 1, 2005). Kurt Waldheim: man of mystery..
  10. ^ http://www.1335.com/Serbia.html
  11. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3486823.stm
  12. ^ http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/spacecraft/goldenrec.html
  13. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3486823.stm
  14. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/arts/music/charity.html
  15. ^ See Section "Military Service" above
  16. ^ Rosenbaum, Eli, Betrayal, Chapter 33
  17. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/871159.html
  18. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/secondworldwar/story/0,,2103777,00.html
  19. ^ James L. Collins Jr. u.a.: Bericht der internationalen Historikerkommission, Schlussbetrachtung, 8. Februar 1988. (translated from German)
  20. ^ The Other Side of Deception: A Rogue Agent Exposes the Mossad's Secret Agenda By Victor Ostrovsky. HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. (New York) 1994
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ Waldheim's Wife Gets a Papal Award. The New York Times (August 22, 1994). Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  23. ^ "Former Austrian president whose term was marred by wartime service buried", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), June 23, 2007.
  24. ^ http://www.hofburg.at/show_content2.php?s2id=855 Speech of President Heinz Fischer (official text)
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ http://jewsrock.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=words.view&wordid=2C8CC894-E206-490E-A20694203B95ABF4
  27. ^ http://www.buzzwords.ndo.co.uk/mellor/ringsofsaturn.html
  28. ^ http://www.howardstern.com/rundown.hs?d=1111986000

This article concerns the British newspaper. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official U.N.S.G. Biography
  • Austria and Nazism: Owning Up to the Past (A BBC Report)
  • The Waldheim Report: International Commission of Historians at Google Books
  • Daily Telegraph obituary [3]
  • Guardian obituary [4]
  • The Times obituary [5]
  • WSWS obituary [6]
  • Video of Kurt Waldheim sworn in as UN-Secretary-General
Preceded by
Rudolf Kirchschläger
President of Austria
1986-1992
Succeeded by
Thomas Klestil
Preceded by
U Thant
UN Secretary-General
1972-1981
Succeeded by
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
Preceded by
Lujo Tončić-Sorinj
Foreign Minister of Austria
1968-1970
Succeeded by
Rudolf Kirchschläger
Foreign Ministers of Austria
First Austrian Republic: Victor Adler | Otto Bauer | Karl Renner | Michael Mayr | Johann Schober | Walter Breisky | Leopold Hennet | Alfred Grünberger | Heinrich Mataja | Rudolf Ramek | Ignaz Seipel | Ernst Streeruwitz | Johann Schober | Ignaz Seipel | Johann Schober | Karl Buresch | Engelbert Dollfuß | Stephan Tauschitz | Egon Berger-Waldenegg | Kurt Schuschnigg | Guido Schmidt | Wilhelm Wolf
Second Austrian Republic: Karl Gruber | Leopold Figl | Bruno Kreisky | Lujo Tončić-Sorinj | Kurt Waldheim | Rudolf Kirchschläger | Erich Bielka | Willibald Pahr | Erwin Lanc | Leopold Gratz | Peter Jankowitsch | Alois Mock | Wolfgang Schüssel | Benita Ferrero-Waldner | Ursula Plassnik
Persondata
NAME Waldheim, Kurt
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Waldheim, Kurt Josef
SHORT DESCRIPTION Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, and President of Austria from 1986 to 1992
DATE OF BIRTH December 21, 1918(1918-12-21)
PLACE OF BIRTH Sankt Andrä-Wördern near Vienna, Austria
DATE OF DEATH 14 June 2007
PLACE OF DEATH Vienna, Austria

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kurt Waldheim Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography (1019 words)
Kurt Waldheim (born 1918) was an Austrian diplomat and politician who served as secretary general of the United Nations from 1972 to 1982.
Kurt Waldheim was born in St. Andrä-Wördern, a village near Vienna, Austria, on December 21, 1918.
Waldheim told reporters in 1986 that he was only an interpreter and clerk on Löhr's staff and had no part in war crimes, but intelligence reports and eyewitnesses indicated he was aware of the atrocities.
Shofar FTP Archives: people/w/waldheim.kurt/waldheim.002 (759 words)
Waldheim had occupied positions of increasing responsibility and sensitivity, for which he was decorated, in regions where notoriously brutal actions were undertaken by the Nazi forces in which he served.
Waldheim's period as United Nations Secretary General and told him, "You have effectively contributed to the development of instruments for the promotion of peace and the avoidance of conflict as well as for an international policy of development and the protection of the environment." Moreover, he said, Mr.
Waldheim, the Vatican's handling of his knighthood suggested that Vatican officials were aware in advance of the storm that would arise from it.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m