FACTOID # 3: South Carolina has the highest rate of violent crimes and aggravated assaults per capita among US states.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kurt Cobain
Kurt Cobain
Kurt Cobain (right) with Nirvana, 1992.
Kurt Cobain (right) with Nirvana, 1992.
Background information
Birth name Kurt Donald Cobain
Born February 20, 1967(1967-02-20)
Aberdeen, Washington, USA
Died c. April 5, 1994 (aged 27)
Seattle, Washington, USA
Genre(s) Alternative rock
Grunge
Occupation(s) Musician, Songwriter
Instrument(s) Vocals
Guitar
Associated acts Nirvana
Fecal Matter
Notable instrument(s)
Fender Jagstang
Fender Stratocaster
Fender Jaguar
Fender Mustang

Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967c. April 5, 1994), was an American musician who served as lead singer, guitarist, and songwriter for the Seattle-based rock band Nirvana. Image File history File linksMetadata Nirvana_around_1992. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... See also: 1992 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1992 Record labels established in 1992 // 1992 was a pivotal year in the development of music. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Tribute to Kurt Cobain in Aberdeen, installed by the Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Seattle redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... Grunge redirects here. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... Fecal Matter was a heavy rock with punk overtones band from Aberdeen, Washington, and the first band conceived by late Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain. ... The Jag-Stang is a hybrid of two Fender electric guitars: a Jaguar and a Mustang. ... Stratocaster redirects here. ... The Fender Jaguar is an electric guitar that was introduced in 1962. ... The Fender Mustang is an electric guitar by the Fender Musical Instruments Company, introduced in 1964 as the basis of a major redesign of Fenders student models then consisting of the Musicmaster and Duo-Sonic. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For the UK magazine, see Guitarist (magazine). ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... Seattle redirects here. ... This article is about the genre. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ...


Cobain formed Nirvana in 1987 with Krist Novoselic. Within two years, the band became a fixture of the burgeoning Seattle grunge scene. In 1991, the arrival of Nirvana's "Smells Like Teen Spirit" marked the beginning of a dramatic shift of popular rock music away from the dominant genres of the 1980s (glam metal, arena rock, and dance-pop) and toward grunge and alternative rock. The music media eventually awarded the song "anthem-of-a-generation" status,[1] and, with it, Cobain was labeled a "spokesman" for Generation X. Krist Anthony Novoselić II (born May 16, 1965) is an American rock musician best known as the bassist for Nirvana. ... Grunge redirects here. ... Nevermind track listing Smells Like Teen Spirit is a song by the American rock band Nirvana, and the opening track and lead single from the bands 1991 breakthrough album Nevermind. ... Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ... Arena rock, also called stadium rock or anthem rock, is a loosely-defined term describing a rock era. ... Dance-pop is a subgenre of pop music that evolved from disco, circa the early 1980s, that combines dance beats with a pop song structure. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... For other uses, see Generation X (disambiguation). ...


During the last years of his life, Cobain struggled with drug addiction and the media pressures surrounding him and his wife, Courtney Love. On April 8, 1994, Cobain was found dead in his home in Seattle, the victim of what was officially ruled a self-inflicted shotgun wound to the head. In ensuing years, the circumstances of his death became a topic of fascination and debate. Drug addiction, or dependency is the compulsive use of drugs, to the point where the user has no effective choice but to continue use. ... Courtney Love[1] (born Courtney Michelle Harrison on July 9, 1964) is an American rock musician. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Shotgun (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Life and career

Early life

Kurt Cobain was born to Donald and Wendy Cobain on February 20, 1967 in Aberdeen, Washington and spent his first six months living in the village of Hoquiam, Washington before the family moved to Aberdeen.[2] He began developing an interest in music early in his life. According to his Aunt Mari, "He was singing from the time he was two. He would sing Beatles songs like 'Hey Jude'. He had a lot of charisma from a very young age."[3] is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Tribute to Kurt Cobain in Aberdeen, installed by the Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Hoquiam (pronounced ) is a city in Grays Harbor County, Washington, United States. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... For the album of the same name, see Hey Jude (album). ... For other uses, see Charisma (disambiguation). ...

Young Kurt Cobain, seen here in a yearbook picture. This picture was handed out at his memorial service.
Young Kurt Cobain, seen here in a yearbook picture. This picture was handed out at his memorial service.

Cobain's life changed at the age of seven when his parents divorced in 1975, an event which he later cited as having a profound impact on his life. His mother noted that his personality changed dramatically, with Cobain becoming more withdrawn.[4] In a 1993 interview, Cobain said, "I remember feeling ashamed, for some reason. I was ashamed of my parents. I couldn't face some of my friends at school anymore, because I desperately wanted to have the classic, you know, typical family. Mother, father. I wanted that security, so I resented my parents for quite a few years because of that."[5] After a year spent living with his mother following the divorce, Cobain moved to Montesano, Washington to live with his father, but after a few years his youthful rebellion became too overwhelming and he found himself being shuffled between friends and family.[6] Image File history File links Young_cobain. ... Image File history File links Young_cobain. ... Montesano is a city in Grays Harbor County, Washington, United States. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ...


At school, Cobain took little interest in sports. At his father's insistence, Cobain joined the junior high wrestling team. While he was good at it, he despised it. Later, his father signed him up for a local baseball league, where Cobain would intentionally strike out to avoid having to play.[7] Instead, Cobain focused on his art courses. He often drew during classes, including objects associated with human anatomy. Cobain was friends with a gay student at his school, sometimes suffering bullying at the hands of homophobic students. That friendship led some to believe that he himself was gay. In one of his personal journals, Cobain wrote, "I am not gay, although I wish I were, just to piss off homophobes."[8] In a 1993 interview with The Advocate, Cobain claimed that he used to spray paint "God is Gay" on pickup trucks around Aberdeen. Cobain also claimed he was arrested in 1985 for spray-painting "HOMO SEX RULES" on a bank.[9] However, Aberdeen police records show that the phrase for which he was arrested was actually "Ain't got no how watchamacallit".[10] As a teenager growing up in small-town Washington, Cobain eventually found escape through the thriving Pacific Northwest punk scene, going to punk rock shows in Seattle. Eventually, Cobain began frequenting the practice space of fellow Montesano musicians the Melvins. List of bones of the human skeleton Human anatomy is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human body. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church, a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ... The Advocate (ISSN 0001-8996) is a US-based LGBT-related biweekly news magazine. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Melvins are an American rock/metal band that usually perform as a trio. ...


In the middle of tenth grade, Cobain moved back to live with his mother in Aberdeen. Two weeks before his graduation, Cobain dropped out of high school after realizing that he did not have enough credits to graduate. His mother gave him a choice: either get a job or leave. After a week or so, Cobain found his clothes and other belongings packed away in boxes.[11] Forced out of his mother's home, Cobain often stayed at friends' houses and sneaked into his mother's basement occasionally.[12] Cobain later claimed that when he could not find anywhere else to stay, he lived under a bridge over the Wishkah River,[12] an experience that inspired the Nevermind track "Something in the Way". However, Krist Novoselic claimed that Cobain never really lived there, saying, "He hung out there, but you couldn't live on those muddy banks, with the tides coming up and down. That was his own revisionism."[13] The Wishkah River is a tributary of the Chehalis River, approximately 40 miles (64 km) long, in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Something in the Way is a song by the American rock band Nirvana. ...


In late 1986, Cobain moved into the first house he lived in alone and paid his rent by working at a coastal resort twenty miles from Aberdeen.[14] At the same time, Cobain was traveling more frequently to Olympia, Washington to check out rock shows.[15] During his visits to Olympia, Cobain started a relationship with Tracy Marander. Coordinates: , Country State County Thurston Incorporated January 28, 1859 Government  - Mayor Mark Foutch Area  - Total 18. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ...


Nirvana

Main article: Nirvana (band)

For his 14th birthday, Cobain's uncle gave him the option of a guitar or a bicycle as a gift; Cobain chose the guitar. He started learning a few covers, including AC/DC's "Back in Black" and The Cars' "My Best Friend's Girl", and soon began working on his own songs.[6] This article is about the American grunge band. ... This article is about the band. ... The Cars were an American rock band, fronted by Ric Ocasek, that emerged from the early punk scene in the late 1970s. ...


In high school, Cobain rarely found anyone to jam with. While hanging out at the Melvins practice space, he met Krist Novoselic, a fellow devotee of punk rock. Novoselic's mother owned a hair salon and Cobain and Novoselic would occasionally practice in the upstairs room. A few years later, Cobain tried to convince Novoselic to form a band with him by lending him a copy of a home demo recorded by Cobain's earlier band, Fecal Matter. After months of asking, Novoselic finally agreed to join Cobain, forming the beginnings of Nirvana.[16] Melvins are an American rock/metal band that usually perform as a trio. ... Krist Anthony Novoselić II (born May 16, 1965) is an American rock musician best known as the bassist for Nirvana. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Illiteracy Will Prevail is a demotape by Fecal Matter recorded in December 1985. ... Fecal Matter was a heavy rock with punk overtones band from Aberdeen, Washington, and the first band conceived by late Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain. ...


During their first few years playing together, Novoselic and Cobain were hosts to a rotating list of drummers. Eventually, the band settled on Chad Channing, with whom Nirvana recorded the album Bleach, released on Sub Pop Records in 1989. Cobain, however, became dissatisfied with Channing's style, leading the band to seek out a replacement, eventually settling on Dave Grohl. With Grohl, the band found their greatest success via their 1991 major-label debut, Nevermind. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bleach was the debut album by Nirvana, released in June 1989 through Sub Pop. ... Sub Pop is a record label in Seattle, Washington that achieved fame in the 1990s for first signing Nirvana, Soundgarden, Mudhoney and many other bands from the local Seattle music scene. ... David Eric Grohl (b. ... For other uses, see Nevermind (disambiguation). ...


Cobain struggled to reconcile the massive success of Nirvana with his underground roots. He also felt persecuted by the media, comparing himself to Frances Farmer, and harbored resentment for people who claimed to be fans of the band but who completely missed the point of the band's message. One incident particularly distressing to Cobain involved two men who raped a woman while singing the Nirvana song "Polly". Cobain condemned the episode in the liner notes of the US release of the album Incesticide: "Last year, a girl was raped by two wastes of sperm and eggs while they sang the lyrics to our song 'Polly'. I have a hard time carrying on knowing there are plankton like that in our audience. Sorry to be so anally P.C. but that's the way I feel!" Underground rock is a term sometimes used to describe forms of rock and roll music which have little or no mainstream appeal, visibility or commercial presence. ... Frances Elena Farmer (September 19, 1913 – August 1, 1970) was an American film, television and theater actress. ... Polly is a song by the American rock band Nirvana. ... Liner notes are the booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or any sound recording container. ... Incesticide is a compilation album of rare songs, b-sides and studio outtakes released by Nirvana on December 14, 1992 in Europe, and December 15, 1992 in the U.S. It was released through Geffen Records. ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ...


Marriage

Courtney Love first saw Cobain perform in 1989 at a show in Portland, Oregon; the pair talked briefly after the show and Love developed a crush on him.[17] According to journalist Everett True, the pair were formally introduced at an L7/Butthole Surfers concert in Los Angeles in May 1991.[18] In the weeks that followed, after learning from Dave Grohl that she and Cobain shared mutual crushes, Love began pursuing Cobain. After a few weeks of on-again, off-again courtship in the fall of 1991, the two found themselves together on a regular basis, often bonding through drug use.[19] Courtney Love[1] (born Courtney Michelle Harrison on July 9, 1964) is an American rock musician. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Everett True (born Jerry Thackray in 1960 or 1961) is a British music journalist, who grew up in Chelmsford, Essex. ... L7 was an all-female grunge band that was active between 1985 and 2000. ... The Butthole Surfers are an American rock band founded in 1981 by Gibby Haynes and Paul Leary in San Antonio, Texas. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Around the time of Nirvana's 1992 performance on Saturday Night Live, Love discovered that she was pregnant with Cobain's child. A few days after the conclusion of Nirvana's Pacific Rim tour, on Monday, February 24, 1992, Cobain married Love on Waikiki Beach, Hawaii. "In the last couple months I've gotten engaged and my attitude has changed drastically," Cobain said in an interview with Sassy magazine. "I can't believe how much happier I am. At times I even forget that I'm in a band, I'm so blinded by love. I know that sounds embarrassing, but it's true. I could give up the band right now. It doesn't matter, but I'm under contract."[20] On August 18, the couple's daughter, Frances Bean Cobain, was born. The unusual middle name was given to her because Cobain thought she looked like a kidney bean on the first sonogram he saw of her. Her namesake is Frances McKee of British band The Vaselines and not Frances Farmer as is sometimes reported.[21] This article is about the American television series. ... The USS Abraham Lincoln Battle Group along with ships from Australia, Chile, Japan, Canada, and Korea speed towards Honolulu in RIMPAC 2000. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Waikīkī is a neighborhood of Honolulu, in the City and County of Honolulu, on the south shore of the Island of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Sassy Magazine is a defunct cult fave teen magazine. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Frances Bean Cobain (born August 18, 1992) is the only child of the late Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain and Hole frontwoman Courtney Love. ... Dry kidney beans The kidney bean is a medium-sized variety of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) with dark red skin. ... Sonography redirects here. ... Frances McKee is a singer and songwriter known best for her work in the Scottish indie band The Vaselines. ... The Vaselines were a rock band from Bellshill, Scotland. ... Frances Elena Farmer (September 19, 1913 – August 1, 1970) was an American film, television and theater actress. ...


Love was somewhat unpopular with Nirvana fans; her harshest critics said she was merely using him as a vehicle to make herself famous.[19] Critics who compared Cobain to John Lennon were also fond of comparing Love to Yoko Ono. Rumors persist that Cobain wrote most of the songs on the breakthrough album Live Through This of Love's band Hole, partially fueled by the 1996 appearance of a rough mix of "Asking for It" with Cobain singing backing vocals. However, there is no specific evidence to support the assertion. John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Yoko Ono Lennon (小野 洋子 Ono Yōko), born February 18, 1933) is a Japanese-American artist and musician. ... Live Through This is the second album by the band Hole. ... // Hole has released three official albums, Pretty on the Inside, Live Through This and Celebrity Skin. ...


At the same time, one song by Hole was discovered to be a song originally written by Nirvana. The song "Old Age" appeared as a B-side on the 1993 single for Beautiful Son, credited to Hole. Initially, there was no reason to believe it was anything other than a Hole-penned song. However, in 1998, a boombox recording of the song performed by Nirvana (with significantly different lyrics) was surfaced by Seattle newspaper The Stranger. In the article that accompanied the clip, Novoselic confirmed that the recording was made in 1991 and that "Old Age" was a Nirvana song, leading to more speculation about Cobain's involvement in Hole's catalog. Nirvana had even attempted to record "Old Age" during the sessions for Nevermind, but it was left incomplete as Cobain had yet to finish the lyrics and the band had run out of studio time. (The incomplete recording appeared on the 2004 compilation With the Lights Out, credited to Cobain.) As for Hole's version, guitarist Eric Erlandson noted that he believed Cobain wrote the music for the song, but that Love had written the lyrics for their version.[22] In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... For the box set by No Doubt, see Boom Box (No Doubt box set). ... The Stranger is a weekly newspaper in Seattle, Washington, noted for its social commentary, political opinion, arts, comics and music coverage, and local news items. ... With the Lights Out is a box set, containing 3 CDs and 1 DVD, from the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... Eric Erlandson (born January 9, 1963) was the lead guitarist for 90s rock/grunge band Hole. ...


In a 1992 article in Vanity Fair, Love admitted to using heroin while (unknowingly) pregnant. Love claimed that Vanity Fair had misquoted her,[23] but her admission created controversy for the couple. While Cobain and Love's romance had always been something of a media attraction, the couple found themselves hounded by tabloid reporters after the article was published, many wanting to know if Frances was addicted to drugs at birth. The Los Angeles County Department of Children's Services took the Cobains to court, claiming that the couple's drug usage made them unfit parents.[21] Two-week-old Frances Bean Cobain was ordered by the judge to be taken from their custody and placed with Courtney's sister Jamie for several weeks, after which the couple obtained custody, but had to submit to urine tests and a regular visit from a social worker. After months of legal wrangling, the couple were eventually granted full custody of their daughter. American actress Demi Moore, on a typical Vanity Fair cover (August, 1991) Vanity Fair is a glossy American glamour magazine monthly that offers a mixture of articles based on sensational exaggerations, jet-set and entertainment-business personalities, politics, and lies. ... For other uses, see Heroin (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Drug addiction

Throughout most of his life, Cobain battled chronic bronchitis and intense physical pain due to an undiagnosed chronic stomach condition.[24] This last condition was especially debilitating to him emotionally, and he spent years trying to find its cause. However, none of the doctors he consulted were able to pinpoint the specific cause, guessing that it was either a result of Cobain's childhood scoliosis or related to the stresses of performing. Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi and may specifically refer to: Acute bronchitis, caused by viruses or bacteria and lasting several days or weeks Chronic bronchitis, a persistent, productive cough lasting at least three months in two consecutive years. ...


His first drug experience was with marijuana in 1980 at age 13. Cobain's first experience with heroin occurred sometime in 1986, administered to him by a local drug dealer in Tacoma, Washington, who had previously been supplying him with Percodan.[25] Cobain used heroin sporadically for several years, but, by the end of 1990, his use had developed into a full-fledged addiction. Cobain claimed that he was "determined to get a habit" as a way to self-medicate his stomach condition. Related Cobain, "It started with three days in a row of doing heroin and I don't have a stomach pain. That was such a relief."[26] Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... For other uses, see Heroin (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State Coordinates: , Country State County Pierce Government  - Mayor Bill Baarsma (D) Area  - City  62. ... Percodan® is a potent opioid painkiller used to treat moderately severe to severe acute (short-term) pain. ... Heroin bottle An addiction is a recurring compulsion by an individual to engage in some specific activity, despite harmful consequences to the individuals health, mental state or social life. ...


His heroin use eventually began affecting the band's support of Nevermind, with Cobain passing out during photo shoots. One memorable example came the day of the band's 1992 performance on Saturday Night Live, where Nirvana had a shoot with photographer Michael Levine. Having shot up beforehand, Cobain nodded off several times during the shoot. Regarding the shoot, Cobain related to biographer Michael Azerrad, "I mean, what are they supposed to do? They're not going to be able to tell me to stop. So I really didn't care. Obviously to them it was like practicing witchcraft or something. They didn't know anything about it so they thought that any second, I was going to die."[27] Unconsciousness is the absence of consciousness. ... Michael Azerrad is an American author, journalist and musician. ... Witch redirects here. ...


Cobain's heroin addiction worsened as the years progressed. Cobain made his first attempt at rehab in early 1992, not long after he and Love discovered they were going to become parents. Immediately after leaving rehab, Nirvana embarked on their Australian tour, with Cobain appearing pale and gaunt while suffering through withdrawals. Not long after returning home, Cobain's heroin use resumed. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Withdrawal, also known as withdrawal syndrome, refers to the characteristic signs and symptoms that appear when a drug that causes physical dependence is regularly used for a long time and then suddenly discontinued or decreased in dosage. ...


Prior to a performance at the New Music Seminar in New York City in July 1993, Cobain suffered a heroin overdose. Rather than calling for an ambulance, Love injected Cobain with illegally acquired Narcan to bring him out of his unconscious state. Cobain proceeded to perform with Nirvana, giving the public no indication that anything out of the ordinary had taken place.[28] Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... A drug overdose occurs when a chemical substance (i. ... Naloxone is a drug used to counter the effects of opioid overdose, for example heroin and morphine overdose. ...


Cobain's final weeks and death

Main article: Death of Kurt Cobain

Following a tour stop at Terminal Eins in Munich, Germany, on March 1, 1994, Cobain was diagnosed with bronchitis and severe laryngitis. He flew to Rome the next day for medical treatment, and was joined there by his wife on March 3. The next morning, Love awoke to find that Cobain had overdosed on a combination of champagne and Rohypnol (Love had a prescription for Rohypnol filled after arriving in Rome). Cobain was immediately rushed to the hospital, and spent the rest of the day unconscious. After five days in the hospital, Cobain was released and returned to Seattle.[29] Love later stated that the incident was Cobain's first suicide attempt.[30] Attention: This page is a work-in-progress of a re-write or cleanup of an existing article. ... Terminal and main entrance hall in 1992 Main entrance hall Road leading to the airport and control tower in 1992 Control tower The Munich-Riem airport was the main airport of Munich until it was closed in 1992. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchi and may specifically refer to: Acute bronchitis, caused by viruses or bacteria and lasting several days or weeks Chronic bronchitis, a persistent, productive cough lasting at least three months in two consecutive years. ... Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... This article is about Champagne, the alcoholic beverage. ... Flunitrazepam (IPA: ; is marketed by Roche under the trade name Rohypnol. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


On March 18, Love phoned police to inform them that Cobain was suicidal and had locked himself in a room with a gun. Police arrived and confiscated several guns and a bottle of pills from Cobain, who insisted that he was not suicidal and had locked himself in the room to hide from Love. When questioned by police, Love admitted that Cobain had never mentioned that he was suicidal and that she had not seen him with a gun.[31]


Love arranged an intervention concerning Cobain's drug use that took place on March 25. The ten people involved included musician friends, record company executives, and one of Cobain's closest friends, Dylan Carlson. Former Nirvana manager Danny Goldberg described Cobain as being "extremely reluctant" and that he "denied that he was doing anything self-destructive." However, by the end of the day, Cobain had agreed to undergo a detox program.[32] Cobain arrived at the Exodus Recovery Center in Los Angeles, California, on March 30. The following night, Cobain walked outside to have a cigarette, then climbed over a six-foot-high fence to leave the facility. He took a taxi to Los Angeles Airport and flew back to Seattle. Over the course of April 2 and April 3, Cobain was spotted in various locations around Seattle, but most of his friends and family were unaware of his whereabouts. On April 3, Love contacted a private investigator, Tom Grant, and hired him to find Cobain. An intervention is an orchestrated attempt by one, or often many, people (usually family and friends) to get someone to seek professional help with an addiction or some kind of traumatic event or crisis. ... Earth are an American doom metal band who were pioneers of the minimalistic, bass-heavy, drum-less form of doom sometimes known as drone metal. ... Detox, short for detoxification, in general is the removal of toxic substances from the body. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Runway layout at LAX LAX redirects here. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tom Grant is a private investigator known for his involvement in high-profile cases involving celebrity clients. ...


On April 8, 1994, Cobain's body was discovered in the spare room above the garage at his Lake Washington home by Veca Electric employee Gary Smith. Smith arrived at the house that morning to install security lighting and saw him lying inside. Apart from a minor amount of blood coming out of Cobain's ear, Smith reported seeing no visible signs of trauma, and initially believed that Cobain was asleep. Smith found what he thought might be a suicide note with a pen stuck through it beneath an overturned flowerpot. A shotgun, purchased for Cobain by Dylan Carlson, was found resting on Cobain's chest. Cobain's death certificate stated that his death was a result of a "contact perforating shotgun wound to the head," and concluded his death a suicide. The report estimated Cobain to have died on April 5, 1994. April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Denny-Blaine is a neighborhood in east central Seattle, Washington. ... In medicine, a trauma patient has suffered serious and life-threatening physical injury resulting in secondary complications such as shock, respiratory failure and death. ... A suicide note is a message left by someone who later attempts or commits suicide. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...


On April 10, a public vigil was held for Cobain at a park at Seattle Center which drew approximately seven thousand mourners.[33] Prerecorded messages by Krist Novoselic and Courtney Love were played at the memorial. Love read portions of Cobain's suicide note to the crowd and broke down, crying and chastising Cobain. Near the end of the vigil Love arrived at the park and distributed some of Cobain's clothing to those who still remained.[34] Cobain's body was cremated. is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Seattle Center is a fairground, park and arts and entertainment center in Seattle, Washington. ...


Musical influences

Cobain was a devoted champion of early alternative rock acts. His interest in the underground started when Buzz Osborne of the Melvins let him borrow a tape with songs by punk bands such as Black Flag, Flipper, and Millions of Dead Cops. He would often make reference to his favorite bands in interviews, often placing a greater importance on the bands that influenced him than on his own music. Interviews with Cobain were often littered with references to obscure performers like The Vaselines, The Melvins, Daniel Johnston, The Meat Puppets, Young Marble Giants, The Wipers, Flipper, and The Raincoats. Cobain was eventually able to convince record companies to reissue albums by The Raincoats (Geffen) and The Vaselines (Sub Pop). Cobain also noted the influence of the Pixies, and commented that "Smells Like Teen Spirit" bore some similarities to their sound. Cobain told Melody Maker in 1992 that hearing Surfer Rosa for the first time convinced him to abandon his more Black Flag-influenced songwriting in favor of the "Iggy Pop / Aerosmith" type songwriting that appeared on Nevermind.[35] Alternative music redirects here. ... Buzz Osborne (b. ... The Melvins are an American rock band/ metal band that usually perform as a trio. ... Black Flag was a hardcore punk band formed in 1976 in southern California, largely as the brainchild of Greg Ginn: the guitarist, primary songwriter and sole continuous member through multiple personnel changes. ... Flipper is an influential punk/noise band from San Francisco, California, formed in 1979, continuing on in often erratic fashion until the mid-1990s, then reuniting in 2005. ... MDC are a punk band formed in Austin, Texas in 1979. ... The Vaselines were a rock band from Bellshill, Scotland. ... Daniel Dale Johnston (b. ... The Meat Puppets are an American rock band formed in January 1980, in the Sunnyslope neighborhood of Phoenix, Arizona. ... Young Marble Giants were a Cardiff post-punk musical trio formed in 1978. ... The Wipers were a punk rock group formed in Portland, Oregon in 1977 by guitarist Greg Sage, drummer Sam Henry and bassist Dave Koupal. ... The Raincoats were formed in 1977 by Ana da Silva (vocals, guitar) and Gina Birch (vocals, bass) while they were students at Hornsey College of Art, London, England. ... Geffen Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... Sub Pop is a record label in Seattle, Washington that achieved fame in the 1990s for first signing Nirvana, Soundgarden, Mudhoney and many other bands from the local Seattle music scene. ... The Pixies[1] are an American alternative rock band formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1985. ... Nevermind track listing Smells Like Teen Spirit is a song by the American rock band Nirvana, and the opening track and lead single from the bands 1991 breakthrough album Nevermind. ... Melody Maker, published in the United Kingdom, was (until its closure) the worlds oldest weekly music newspaper. ... Surfer Rosa is the debut album by the American alternative rock band Pixies, released in March 1988 on the British independent record label 4AD.[2] The albums unusual and offbeat subject matter includes references to mutilation and voyeurism; this is augmented by experimental recording, low-fidelity production and a... James Newell Osterberg, Jr. ... This article is about the band Aerosmith. ... For other uses, see Nevermind (disambiguation). ...


The Beatles were an early and important musical influence on Cobain. Cobain expressed a particular fondness for John Lennon, whom he called his "idol" in his journals. Cobain once related that he wrote "About a Girl" after spending three hours listening to Meet the Beatles!.[36] He was heavily influenced by punk rock and hardcore punk, and often credited bands such as Black Flag and the Sex Pistols for his artistic style and attitude. The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... Journals is a collection of writings and drawings done by Kurt Cobain, lead singer and guitarist of the grunge band Nirvana, from the late 1980s until his death in 1994. ... About a Girl is a song by the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... Meet The Beatles! is the second Beatles album released in the United States, despite the first album claim on its cover. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Black Flag was a hardcore punk band formed in 1976 in southern California, largely as the brainchild of Greg Ginn: the guitarist, primary songwriter and sole continuous member through multiple personnel changes. ... Sex Pistols are an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ...


Even with all of Cobain's indie influences, Nirvana's early style was influenced by the major rock bands of the '70s, including Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, Kiss, and Neil Young. In its early days, Nirvana made a habit of regularly playing cover songs by those bands, including Led Zeppelin's "Immigrant Song", "Dazed and Confused", "Heartbreaker", and made a studio recording of Kiss' "Do You Love Me?". Cobain also talked about the influence of bands like The Knack, Boston, and The Bay City Rollers. For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in January 1973. ... This article is about the musician. ... Immigrant Song is the opening track on English rock band Led Zeppelins third album, Led Zeppelin III, written and released in 1970. ... Dazed and Confused is a song by folk singer Jake Holmes from his debut solo album The Above Ground Sound of Jake Holmes, released in June, 1967. ... Heartbreaker is a song from Led Zeppelins 1969 album, Led Zeppelin II. It was credited to all four members of the band. ... This article is about the band. ... Boston is an American rock band from Boston, Massachusetts that achieved its most notable successes during the 1970s and 1980s. ... The Bay City Rollers were a Scottish Pop/rock band of the 1970s. ...


There were also earlier influences: Nirvana's MTV Unplugged concert ended with a version of "Where Did You Sleep Last Night", a song popularized by blues artist Lead Belly, whom Cobain called one of his favorite performers. Critic Greil Marcus suggested that Cobain's "Polly" was a descendant of "Pretty Polly", a murder ballad that might have been a century old when Dock Boggs recorded it in 1927. Where Did You Sleep Last Night, also known as In The Pines and Black Girl, is a traditional American folk song which dates back to at least the 1870s, and is believed to be Southern Appalachian in origin. ... For the film, see Leadbelly (film). ... Greil Marcus (2006) Greil Marcus (born 1945) is an American author, music journalist and cultural critic. ... Polly is a song by the American rock band Nirvana. ... Pretty Polly (Roud 15) is a traditional folk song The song is a murder ballad, telling of a young woman lured into the forest where she is killed and buried in a shallow grave. ... Dock Boggs Moran Lee Dock Boggs (February 7, 1898–February 7, 1971) was an influential old-time singer, songwriter and banjo player. ...


Cobain also made efforts to include his favorite performers in his musical endeavors. At the 1991 Reading Festival, Eugene Kelly of the Vaselines joined Nirvana onstage for a duet of "Molly's Lips", which Cobain would later proclaim to be one of the greatest moments of his life.[37] In 1993, when he decided that he wanted a second guitarist to help him on stage, he recruited Pat Smear of the legendary L.A. punk band The Germs. When rehearsals of three Meat Puppets covers for Nirvana's 1993 performance for MTV Unplugged went awry, Cobain placed a call to the two lead members of the band, Curt and Cris Kirkwood, who ended up joining the band on stage to perform the songs. Cobain also contributed backing guitar for a spoken word William S. Burroughs recording entitled "the "Priest" they called him".[38] Leeds Festival redirects here. ... Eugene Kelly is a Scottish musician who was a member of the band The Vaselines and has had a number of solo releases. ... Pat Smear (born Georg Ruthenberg on August 5, 1959), is a U.S. rock guitarist who has been a regular member of several well-known bands, albeit of different subgenres: The Germs, Nirvana and the Foo Fighters. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... The Germs are a punk rock band from Los Angeles formed in the late 1970s. ... MTV Unplugged in New York is a live album by the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... Curt Kirkwood (born January 10, 1959) is an American musician, who sings and plays guitar. ... Cris Kirkwood (born October 22, 1960) is the bassist and founding member of the Meat Puppets, an alternative/punk rock band. ... Spoken word is a form of music or artistic performance in which lyrics, poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: William S. Burroughs William Seward Burroughs II (February 5, 1914) — August 2, 1997; pronounced ), more commonly known as William S. Burroughs, was an American novelist, essayist, social critic, painter and spoken word performer. ... the Priest they called him (1992) is a collaboration between William S. Burroughs and Kurt Cobain (Nirvana). ...


Where Sonic Youth had served to help Nirvana gain wider success, Nirvana attempted to help other indie acts attain success. The band submitted the song "Oh, the Guilt" to a split single with Chicago's The Jesus Lizard, helping Nirvana's indie credibility while opening The Jesus Lizard to a wider audience. Sonic Youth is an American alternative rock band formed in New York City in 1981. ... In popular music, indie music (from independent) is any of a number of genres, scenes, subcultures and stylistic and cultural attributes, characterised by perceived independence from commercial pop music and mainstream culture and an autonomous, do-it-yourself (DIY) approach. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Jesus Lizard was a rock music group formed in 1989 in Chicago, Illinois. ...


Legacy

The bench in Viretta Park has become a de facto memorial to Cobain
The bench in Viretta Park has become a de facto memorial to Cobain
In 2005, a sign was put up in Aberdeen, Washington that reads "Welcome to Aberdeen - Come As You Are" as a tribute to Cobain.
In 2005, a sign was put up in Aberdeen, Washington that reads "Welcome to Aberdeen - Come As You Are" as a tribute to Cobain.

In 2005, a sign was put up in Aberdeen, Washington that read "Welcome to Aberdeen - Come As You Are" as a tribute to Cobain. The sign was paid for and created by the Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee, a non-profit organization created in May 2004 to honor Cobain. The Committee also planned to create a Kurt Cobain Memorial Park and a youth center in Aberdeen. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 874 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 874 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Tribute to Kurt Cobain in Aberdeen, installed by the Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee. ... Tribute to Kurt Cobain in Aberdeen, installed by the Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee. ... A non-profit organization (abbreviated NPO, or non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is to support an issue or matter of private interest or public concern for non-commercial purposes, without concern for monetary profit. ...


As Cobain has no gravesite, many Nirvana fans visit Viretta Park, near Cobain's former Lake Washington home, to pay tribute. On the anniversary of his death, fans gather in the park to celebrate his life and memory. In the years following his death, Cobain is now often remembered as one of the most iconic rock musicians in the history of alternative music. Viretta Park is a 1. ... Lake Washington is the second largest natural lake in Washington State, USA, after Lake Chelan, and the largest lake in King County. ...


Gus Van Sant based his 2005 movie Last Days on what might have happened in the final hours of Cobain's life. In January 2007, Courtney Love began to shop the biography Heavier Than Heaven to various movie studios in Hollywood to turn the book into an A-list feature film about Cobain and Nirvana. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Last Days (2005) is a film by director Gus Van Sant, and is a fictionalized account of the last days of Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain. ... The A-list is the roster of the most bankable movie stars in Hollywood. ...


Books and films on Cobain

Prior to Cobain's death, writer Michael Azerrad published Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana, a book that chronicled Nirvana's career from its beginning, as well as the personal histories of the band members. The book explored Cobain's drug addiction, as well as the countless controversies surrounding the band. After Cobain's death, Azerrad re-published the book to include a final chapter discussing the last year of Cobain's life. The book is notable for its involvement of the band members themselves, who gave interviews and personal information to Azerrad specifically for the book. In 2006, Azerrad's taped conversations with Cobain were transformed into a documentary about Cobain, titled Kurt Cobain About a Son. Kurt Cobain About a Son is a documentary (that no onw has heard about) about Kurt Cobain that debuted at the 2006 Toronto International Film Festival. ...


In the 1998 documentary Kurt & Courtney, filmmaker Nick Broomfield investigated Tom Grant's claim that Cobain was actually murdered, and took a film crew to visit a number of people associated with Cobain and Love, including Love's father, Cobain's aunt, and one of the couple's former nannies. Broomfield also spoke to Mentors bandleader Eldon "El Duce" Hoke, who claimed that Love had offered him $50,000 to kill Cobain. Though Hoke claimed that he knew who killed Cobain, he failed to mention a name, and offered no evidence to support his assertion. Broomfield inadvertently captured Hoke's last interview, as he died days later, reportedly hit by a train while drunk. In the end, however, Broomfield felt he hadn't uncovered enough evidence to conclude the existence of a conspiracy. In a 1998 interview, Broomfield summed it up by saying, "I think that he committed suicide. I don't think that there's a smoking gun. And I think there's only one way you can explain a lot of things around his death. Not that he was murdered, but that there was just a lack of caring for him. I just think that Courtney had moved on, and he was expendable."[39] Kurt and Courtney is a 1998 documentary film about Kurt Cobain and Courtney Love, made by Nick Broomfield. ... Nick Broomfield with his famous sound boom and half-on headphones. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was known as Il Duce. ...


Journalists Ian Halperin and Max Wallace took a similar path and attempted to investigate the conspiracy for themselves. Their initial work, the 1999 book Who Killed Kurt Cobain? argued that, while there wasn't enough evidence to prove a conspiracy, there was more than enough to demand that the case be reopened.[40] A notable element of the book included their discussions with Grant, who had taped nearly every conversation that he had undertaken while he was in Love's employ. Over the next several years, Halperin and Wallace collaborated with Grant to write a second book, 2004's Love and Death: The Murder of Kurt Cobain. Ian Halperin is an investigative journalist who has won the prestigious Rolling Stone magazine Award for Investigative Journalism. ... Max Wallace received the prestigious Rolling Stone magazine¹s Award for Investigative Journalism. ...


In 2001, writer Charles R. Cross published a biography of Cobain titled Heavier Than Heaven. For the book, Cross conducted over 400 interviews, and was given access by Courtney Love to Cobain's journals, lyrics, and diaries.[41] In 2002, a sampling of Cobain's writings was published as Journals. The book is 280 pages with a simple black cover; the pages are arranged somewhat chronologically (although Cross generally did not date them). The journal pages are reproduced in color, and there is a section added at the back that has explanations and transcripts of some of the less legible pages. The writings begin in the late 1980s, around the time the band started, and end in 1994. A paperback version of the book, released in 2003, included a handful of writings that were not offered in the initial release. In the journals, Cobain talked about the ups and downs of life on the road, made lists of what music he was enjoying, and often scribbled down lyric ideas for future reference. Upon its release, reviewers and fans were conflicted about the collection. Many were elated to be able to learn more about Cobain and read his inner thoughts in his own words, but were disturbed by what was viewed as an invasion of his privacy.[42] Charles R. Cross is a rock music journalist and author based in Seattle. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Heavier Than Heaven is the name of a 2001 biography of musician Kurt Cobain, the lead singer of the grunge rock band Nirvana. ... Journals is a collection of writings and drawings done by Kurt Cobain, lead singer and guitarist of the grunge band Nirvana, from the late 1980s until his death in 1994. ... Invasion of privacy is a legal term essentially defined as a violation of the right to be left alone. ...


In 2008, writer Robin Shannon published Cemeteries of Seattle which feature Kurt Cobain's memorial benches as well as a tribute from Noveselic.


References

  • Azerrad, Michael. Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana. Doubleday, 1994. ISBN 0-385-47199-8.
  • Cross, Charles. Heavier Than Heaven: A Biography of Kurt Cobain. Hyperion, 2001. ISBN 0-7868-8402-9.
  • Summers, Kim. "Kurt Cobain". All Music Guide. Accessed on May 9, 2005.
  • Kitts, Jeff, et al. Guitar World Presents Nirvana and the Grunge Revolution. Hal Leonard, 1998. ISBN 0-79-35900-6X.

The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Garofalo, p. 447
  2. ^ Azerrad, p. 13
  3. ^ Gaar, Gillian. "Verse Chorus Verse: The Recording History of Nirvana." Goldmine Magazine. February 14, 1997.
  4. ^ Azerrad, p. 17
  5. ^ Savage, Jon. "Kurt Cobain: The Lost Interview". Guitar World. 1997.
  6. ^ a b Azerrad, p. 22
  7. ^ Azerrad, pp. 20–25
  8. ^ Cobain, Kurt (2002). Journals. Riverhead Hardcover. ISBN 978-1573222327. 
  9. ^ Allman, Kevin. "The Dark Side of Kurt Cobain". The Advocate. February 1993.
  10. ^ Cross, p. 68
  11. ^ Azerrad, p. 35
  12. ^ a b Azerrad, p. 37
  13. ^ Cross, Charles R. "Requiem for a Dream." Guitar World. October 2001.
  14. ^ Azerrad, p. 43
  15. ^ Azerrad, p. 46
  16. ^ Azerrad, p. 45
  17. ^ Azerrad, p. 169
  18. ^ True, Everett. "Wednesday 1 March". Plan B Magazine Blogs. March 1, 2006.
  19. ^ a b Azerrad, p. 172. Courtney Love: "We bonded over pharmaceuticals."
  20. ^ Kelly, Christina. "Kurt and Courtney Sitting in a Tree". Sassy Magazine. April 1992.
  21. ^ a b Azerrad, p. 270
  22. ^ LIVE NIRVANA SESSIONS HISTORY: Spring 1991-Fall 1992. LiveNirvana.com.
  23. ^ Azerrad, p. 266
  24. ^ Azerrad, p. 66
  25. ^ Azerrad, p. 41
  26. ^ Azerrad, p. 236.
  27. ^ Azerrad, p. 241
  28. ^ Cross, p. 296–297
  29. ^ Halperin, Ian & Wallace, Max (1998). Who Killed Kurt Cobain?. Birch Lane Press. ISBN 1-55972-446-3. 
  30. ^ David Fricke, "Courtney Love: Life After Death", Rolling Stone, December 15, 1994.
  31. ^ Seattle Police Department (1994). Incident Report - March 18. Retrieved on March 13, 2006.
  32. ^ The Seattle Times (1994). Questions Linger After Cobain Suicide. Retrieved on March 13, 2006.
  33. ^ Azerrad, p. 346
  34. ^ Azerrad, p. 350
  35. ^ Cobain, Kurt. "Kurt Cobain of Nirvana Talks About the Records That Changed His Life". Melody Maker. August 29, 1992.
  36. ^ Cross, p. 121.
  37. ^ Cross, p. 195
  38. ^ Cross, p. 301
  39. ^ Miller, Prairie. "Kurt and Courtney: Interview with Nick Broomfield". Minireviews.com. 1998.
  40. ^ ;Halperin & Wallace, p. 202
  41. ^ Heavier than Heaven: A Biography of Kurt Cobain. HyperionBooks.com.
  42. ^ Hartwig, David. "Nirvana releases a hit and miss." Notre Dame Observer. November 19, 2002.

Goldmine, established in 1974, is an American magazine that focuses on the collectors market for records, tapes CDs, and music-related memorabilia. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Two issues of Guitar World featuring Jimmy Page, and Jimi Hendrix on the covers, and the accompanying CDs (May 2005, October 2005) Guitar World is a monthly music magazine devoted to guitarists. ... The Advocate (ISSN 0001-8996) is a US-based LGBT-related biweekly news magazine. ... The Seattle Police Department (SPD) is the principal law enforcement agency of the city of Seattle, Washington, except for the campus of the University of Washington, which responsibility falls to the University of Washington Police Department. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Seattle Times is the leading daily newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Melody Maker, published in the United Kingdom, was (until its closure) the worlds oldest weekly music newspaper. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kurt Cobain
Persondata
NAME Cobain, Kurt Donald
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION American singer, guitarist in Nirvana
DATE OF BIRTH February 20, 1967
PLACE OF BIRTH Aberdeen, Washington
DATE OF DEATH c. April 5, 1994
PLACE OF DEATH Seattle, Washington
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Screenshot from The Smoking Gun The Smoking Gun is a website that posts legal documents, arrest records, and police mugshots on a daily basis. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... Krist Anthony Novoselić II (born May 16, 1965) is an American rock musician best known as the bassist for Nirvana. ... David Eric Grohl (b. ... Aaron Burckhard played drums for Nirvana in 1987. ... Image:Http://www. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dale Crover Dale Crover is a American rock musician. ... Dan Peters is the drummer for Mudhoney. ... Jason Everman (b. ... Pat Smear (born Georg Ruthenberg on August 5, 1959), is a U.S. rock guitarist who has been a regular member of several well-known bands, albeit of different subgenres: The Germs, Nirvana and the Foo Fighters. ... Bleach was the debut album by Nirvana, released in June 1989 through Sub Pop. ... For other uses, see Nevermind (disambiguation). ... In Utero is the third and final studio album by the American grunge band Nirvana, released on September 21, 1993 by DGC Records. ... MTV Unplugged in New York is a live album by the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah is a live compilation album from the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... Blew is the title of a song and an EP by the American grunge band Nirvana. ... Hormoaning is a Nirvana EP that was released on February 5, 1992 through Geffen Records. ... Nevermind its an Interview Nevermind Its an Interview is the only officially released Nirvana interview CD. It was released worldwide as a radio promo only in 1992. ... Incesticide is a compilation album of rare songs, b-sides and studio outtakes released by Nirvana on December 14, 1992 in Europe, and December 15, 1992 in the U.S. It was released through Geffen Records. ... Nirvana is a best-of compilation album from the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... Love Buzz was the first single released by Nirvana in 1988 on Sub Pop Records. ... Sliver is a song by the band Nirvana. ... // The Single (live version) Candy/Mollys Lips is a vinyl-only split-single from the American rock bands the Fluid and Nirvana. ... Here She Comes Now/Venus in Furs is a split single released in 1991 on Communion Records. ... Nevermind track listing Smells Like Teen Spirit is a song by the American rock band Nirvana, and the opening track and lead single from the bands 1991 breakthrough album Nevermind. ... For other songs and uses of the phrase, see Come as you are. ... For the Evanescence song, see Lithium (Evanescence song). ... On A Plain is a song by the American rock band, Nirvana. ... Nevermind track listing For the upcoming film, see In Bloom (film). ... Puss/Oh, The Guilt is a split-single from the American rock bands The Jesus Lizard and Nirvana. ... In Utero track listing Scentless Apprentice (2) Heart-Shaped Box (3) Rape Me (4) Heart-Shaped Box is a song by the American Grunge band Nirvana. ... In Utero track listing tourettes (11) All Apologies (12) (Gallons of Rubbing Alcohol Flow Through the Strip) (12 - hidden track, only European pressings) All Apologies is a song by the American rock band Nirvana. ... Rape Me is a song by the American grunge band Nirvana. ... This article is about the Nirvana song; for the herb, see Pennyroyal. ... About a Girl is a song by the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... The Man Who Sold the World is a song by David Bowie. ... Where Did You Sleep Last Night, also known as In The Pines and Black Girl, is a traditional American folk song which dates back to at least the 1870s, and is believed to be Southern Appalachian in origin. ... Lake Of Fire is a song by the American alternative rock band, the Meat Puppets. ... Aneurysm is a song written by Nirvanas frontman Kurt Cobain. ... Drain You is a song by American rock band Nirvana, and the eighth track from the bands 1991 breakthrough album Nevermind. ... You Know Youre Right is a song by the American rock band Nirvana. ... Nirvana performing at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards. ... front cover Live! Tonight! Sold Out!! is a VHS/Laserdisc home video released by the grunge band Nirvana on November 15, 1994. ... Singles is a box-set featuring the singles from the grunge band Nirvanas two biggest studio albums Nevermind and In Utero. ... With the Lights Out is a box set, containing 3 CDs and 1 DVD, from the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... MTV Unplugged in New York is a live album by the American grunge band, Nirvana. ... Nirvana performing at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards. ... 1991: The Year Punk Broke was a 1992 documentary directed by Dave Markey showcasing a late 1991 European tour of a number of punk and punk-inspired bands. ... Grunge redirects here. ... For other uses, see Generation X (disambiguation). ... Courtney Love[1] (born Courtney Michelle Harrison on July 9, 1964) is an American rock musician. ... Frances Bean Cobain (born August 18, 1992) is the only child of the late Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain and Hole frontwoman Courtney Love. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Heavier Than Heaven is the name of a 2001 biography of musician Kurt Cobain, the lead singer of the grunge rock band Nirvana. ... Hype! soundtrack album cover Hype! is a documentary directed by Doug Pray about the popularity of grunge music in the late 1980s and the early 1990s. ... Kurt and Courtney is a 1998 documentary film about Kurt Cobain and Courtney Love, made by Nick Broomfield. ... Kurt Cobain About a Son is a documentary (that no onw has heard about) about Kurt Cobain that debuted at the 2006 Toronto International Film Festival. ... Last Days (2005) is a film by director Gus Van Sant, and is a fictionalized account of the last days of Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain. ... Tom Grant is a private investigator known for his involvement in high-profile cases involving celebrity clients. ... Journals is a collection of writings and drawings done by Kurt Cobain, lead singer and guitarist of the grunge band Nirvana, from the late 1980s until his death in 1994. ... Fecal Matter was a heavy rock with punk overtones band from Aberdeen, Washington, and the first band conceived by late Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain. ... Illiteracy Will Prevail is a demotape by Fecal Matter recorded in December 1985. ... 1991: Spencer Elden at four months old on the cover of Nirvanas album Nevermind. ... This is a list of songs performed by Nirvana. ... Smells Like Nirvana is a parody of Nirvanas Smells Like Teen Spirit written and performed by Weird Al Yankovic. ... This article is about the band. ... Album cover of Sweet 75s first and only album sweet 75 (1997). ... Eyes Adrift is a rock supergroup consisting of Curt Kirkwood (vocals & guitar, formerly of the Meat Puppets), Krist Novoselic (vocals & bass, formerly of Nirvana) and Bud Gaugh (drums, formerly of Sublime). ... The No WTO Combo was a short-lived punk rock band started by Jello Biafra, formerly of the Dead Kennedys. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Tribute to Kurt Cobain in Aberdeen, installed by the Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Seattle redirects here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kurt Cobain - Wikipedia (1561 words)
Cobain werd geboren in Hoquaim, en woonde in zijn jeugd in Aberdeen, Washington, wat 120 km ten zuidwesten van Seattle ligt.
Cobain was erg invloedrijk in het creëren en populair maken van de muziekstijl die later 'Grunge' ging heten, een stijl die evolueerde als een reactie tegen de hairrockbands van de tachtiger jaren, met rockbands die in grote voetbalstadions concerten gaven.
Met als argumenten dat Kurts creditcard is gebruikt terwijl hij al dood was, en dat de laatste vier regels van zijn zelfmoordbriefje met een ander handschrift zijn geschreven.
Kurt Cobain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6386 words)
Cobain was born to Donald and Wendy Cobain in the Grays Harbor Community Hospital in Aberdeen, Washington, and spent his first six months living in Hoquiam, Washington before the family moved to Aberdeen.
Cobain was friends with a gay student at his school, sometimes suffering bullying at the hands of homophobic students.
Cobain's body was cremated, with one third of his ashes scattered at the Namgyal tibetan buddhist monastery in Ithaca, New York, another third in the Wishkah River, and the rest left in Love's possession.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m