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Encyclopedia > Kursk Oblast
Kursk Oblast (English)
Курская область (Russian)

Location of Kursk Oblast in Russia
Coat of Arms Flag

Coat of arms of Kursk Oblast

Flag of Kursk Oblast
Anthem: None
Administrative center Kursk
Established June 13, 1934
Political status
Federal district
Economic region
Oblast
Central
Central Black Earth
Code 46
Area
Area
- Rank
29,800 km²
65th
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
- Urban
- Rural
1,235,091 inhabitants
43rd
41.4 inhab. / km²
61.2%
38.8%
Official language Russian
Government
Governor Alexander Mikhaylov
First Deputy Governor Alexander Zubarev
Legislative body Oblast Duma
Charter Charter of Kursk Oblast
Official website
http://www.rkursk.ru/

Kursk Oblast (Russian: Ку́рская о́бласть, Kurskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Kursk. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Kursk_oblast. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1155x770, 29 KB) Flag of Kursk Oblast, Russia. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Kursk (Russian: ; pronunciation: koorsk; IPA: ) is a city in the western part of Central Russia, at the confluence of Kur, Tuskar, and Seym rivers. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ... The Russian Federation is divided into 89 subjects (administrative units), 49 of which are oblasts: Amur Arkhangelsk Astrakhan Belgorod Bryansk Chelyabinsk Chita Irkutsk Ivanovo Kaliningrad Kaluga Kamchatka Kemerovo Kirov Kostroma Kurgan Kursk Leningrad Lipetsk Magadan Moscow Murmansk Nizhny Novgorod Novgorod Novosibirsk Omsk Orenburg Oryol Penza Perm Pskov Rostov Ryazan Sakhalin... Central Federal District (Russian: Центра́льный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... Central Black Earth economic region (Russian: ; tr. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 census. ... Mikhaylov, Mihaylov, Mikhailov or Mihailov (masculine), or Mikhaylova (feminine) is a Russian and Bulgarian last name (Russian: Михайлов), derived from the first name Mikhail. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... This is a list of articles about the fundamental constitutional laws, known as Basic Laws, of various jurisdictions. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... For other uses, see Kursk (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Geography

The oblast occupies the southern slopes of the middle-Russian plateau, and its average elevation is from 177 to 225 meters (580–738 ft). The surface is hilly, and intersected by ravines. The central part of Kursk oblast is more elevated than the Seym Valley to the west. The Timsko-Shchigrinsky ridge contains the highest point in the oblast at 288 meters (944.9 ft) above the sea level. The low relief, gentler slopes, and mild winter make the area suitable for farming, and much of the forest has been cleared. Grand Canyon, Arizona A canyon, or gorge, is a valley walled by cliffs. ...


The chernozem soils cover around 70% of the oblast's territory; podsol soils cover 26%. Chernozem, or Black Earth (from Polish czarnoziem which means black soil), a kind of soil. ... Podsol (also spelled Podzol, or known as Spodosol) is the typical soil of coniferous, or Boreal forests. ...

Bryansk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Oryol Oblast (Орловская область) is a regional subdivision of Russia. ... Lipetsk Oblast (Russian: , Lipetskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Voronezh Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Belgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Sumy Oblast (Сумська область, Sums’ka oblast’ or Сумщина, Sumshchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) in the north-east of Ukraine. ...

Time zone

Kursk Oblast is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD). Image File history File links RTZ2. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Moscow Time (Russian: ) is the time zone for the city of Moscow, Russia and most of western Russia, including Saint Petersburg, Russia. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ...

Rivers

Kursk Oblast contributes to two major drainage areas—the Dnieper River and the Don River (78% and 22% respectively). There are 902 rivers and streams in the oblast, with their total length of approximately 8,000 kilometers (5,000 mi). Major rivers are Seym, Psyol, and Kshen. The Dnieper River (Russian: , Dnepr; Belarusian: , Dniapro; Ukrainian: , Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ... The Don (Дон) is one of the major rivers of Russia. ... Seym (also transliterated as Seim and Sejm, in Russian and Ukrainian Сейм) is a river in Russia and Ukraine. ... The Psyol or Psel (Russian: , translit. ...


Lakes

The inland waters of Kursk oblast consist of 145 artificial lakes and about 550 small ponds.


Natural resources

Kursk Oblast is one of the nation's major producers of iron ore. The area of Kursk Magnetic Anomaly has one of the richest iron ore deposits in the world. Also, rare-earth and base metals occur in commercial quantities in several locations. Refractory loam, mineral sands, and chalk are quarried and processed in the region. Oblast's sufficient reserves of artesian well water are proving useful for medical purposes. This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... Kursk Magnetic Anomaly (Russian: Курская магнитная аномалия) is a territory rich in iron ores located within Kursk Oblast, Belgorod Oblast, and Oryol Oblast, and constitutes a significant part of the Central Chernozyom Region. ... Rare earth ore Rare earth elements and rare earth metals are trivial names sometimes applied to a collection of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table, namely scandium, yttrium, and the lanthanides. ... In chemistry, the term base metal is used informally to refer to a metal that oxidizes or corrodes relatively easily, and reacts variably with diluted hydrochloric acid (HCl) to form hydrogen. ... Loam is soil composed of a relatively even mixture of three mineral particle size groups: sand, silt, and clay. ... Heavy mineral sands are a class of ore deposit which is an important source of zirconium, titanium, thorium, tungsten, rare earth elements, the industrial minerals diamond, sapphire, garnet and occasionally precious metals or gemstones. ... The Needles,situated on the Isle Of Wight, are part of the extensive Southern England Chalk Formation. ... Geological strata giving rise to an Artesian well. ...


Climate

Kursk Oblast's location at the center of the European part of Russia gives the region a medium continental climate: warm summers and relatively mild winters. In July, the average daytime high temperature is +19.3 °C (66.7 °F). In January the average high is −8.6 °C (16.5 °F). The average number of frost-free days ranges from 150 in the north to 160 in the south. The growing season in Kursk Oblast varies, from 180 days in the north to 195 days in the southwest. The average annual precipitation for the oblast is 584 mm (23 in), but it ranges from 634 mm (25 in) in the northwest, to about 500 mm (20 in) or less in the southeastern corner. The maximum of the rain falls during June and July. The snow depth in Kursk Oblast differs considerably, from 300–400 mm (12–16 in) in the north of the oblast, to 150–250 mm (6–10 in) in the south. Annual sunshine is 1,775 hours.


Flora and fauna

Kursk Oblast is a part of the Eastern European forest-steppe. One-quarter of Kursk oblast was once heavily wooded. Hardwood timbers included oak, ash, and elm. Now forests cover only 10% of the oblast. Animals native to the area are numerous. Pike, bleak, and perch are abundant in local rivers. Otter and badger, as well as wild boar, red deer, and Roe Deer remain numerous in many parts of the area. Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species See text European Ash in flower Narrow-leafed Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) shoot with leaves Closeup of European Ash seeds 19th century illustration of Manna Ash (Fraxinus ornus) An ash can be any of four different tree genera from four very distinct families (see end of page for disambiguation), but... Species See Elm species, varieties, cultivars and hybrids Elms are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees making up the genus Ulmus, family Ulmaceae, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere from Siberia to Indonesia, Mexico to Japan. ... Look up Pike and pike in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name Alburnus alburnus (Linnaeus, 1758) The bleak is a small pelagic fish of the Cyprinid family. ... Species P. flavescens (Yellow perch) P. fluviatilis (European perch) P. schrenkii (Balkhash perch) For other meanings of the word perch, including fish not in the Perca genus, see Perch (disambiguation). ... Genera Amblonyx Aonyx Enhydra Lontra Lutra Lutrogale Pteronura The otter (lutrinae) is a carnivorous aquatic or marine mammal part of the family Mustelidae, which also includes weasels, polecats, badgers, as well as others. ... Genera  Arctonyx  Melogale  Meles  Mellivora  Taxidea For other uses, see Badger (disambiguation). ... // Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... Binomial name Cervus elaphus Linnaeus, 1758 Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) is one of the largest species of deer in the world. ... Binomial name Capreolus capreolus (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ...


Administrative divisions

Cities and towns under the oblasts jurisdiction: Kursk (Курск) (administrative center) city okrugs: Seymsky (Сеймский) Tsentralny (Центральный) Zheleznodorozhny (Железнодорожный) Kurchatov (Курчатов) Lgov (Льгов) Shchigry (Щигры) Zheleznogorsk (Железногорск) Districts: Belovsky (Беловский) with 18 selsovets under the districts jurisdiction. ...

Demographics

Kursk Oblast is one of the most ethnically homogeneous regions in Russia. The population is about 96% Russians. Ukrainians, the largest minority group, make less than 2% of population. The annual growth rate of the Oblast's population is negative; death rate exceeds overall birth rates and immigration.

  • Population: 1,235,091 (2002 Census)
    • Urban: 756,480 (61.2%)
    • Rural: 478,611 (38.8%)
    • Male: 564,321 (45.7%)
    • Female: 670,770 (54.3%)
  • Females per 1,000 males: 1,189
  • Median age: 40.1
    • Urban: 37.9
    • Rural: 43.5
    • Male: 37.2
    • Female: 42.5
  • Number of households: 462,607
    • Urban: 273,674 (59.2%)
    • Rural: 188,933 (40.8%)

Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... In probability theory and statistics, a median is a number dividing the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution from the lower half. ...

History

Although territory of Kursk Oblast had been populated since the end of the last Ice Age, information about the area was scanty until 1596 when the Kursk stronghold was built. A real growth of the area around Kursk began soon after that, with a large migration from Central Russia after famine in the beginning of the 17th century. Between 1708 and 1719, Kursk was a part of the newly created Kiev Governorate. From 1719 to 1727 it was a part of Belgorod province of Kiev Governorate. Later Kursk uyezd was a part of Belgorod Governorate. On May 23, 1779, Kursk Governorate was established. The latter subdivision existed until 1928, when the territory of Kursk Governorate became a part of Central Chernozem Oblast. As Central Chernozem Oblast was very large its administration was very difficult, on June 13, 1934 it was divided into two oblasts: Kursk Oblast and Voronezh Oblast. In the period between 1934 and 1954, oblasts' borders were frequently adjusted. However, the area and borders of the oblast have remained stable from 1954. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... A stronghold is a strongly fortified defensive structure. ... The administrative division reform of 1708 was carried out by the Russian tsar Peter the Great in an attempt to improve the manageability of the vast territory of the Russian Empire. ... The second administrative reform of 1719 was carried out by Peter the Great in order to fix the deficiencies of the original system. ... Coat of arms of Belgorod Belgorod (Russian: ) is a city in Western Russia, situated on the Severny Donets river just 40 km north from the Ukrainian border, at 50°37′N 36°35′E. It is the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. ... The administrative reform of 1727 was carried out soon after Peter the Greats death, when it became apparent that previous reform was not working as planned. ... Uyezd or uezd (Russian: ) was an admistrative subdivision of Rus, Muscovy, and Russia used from the 13th century, originally describing groups of several volosts formed around the most important cities. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Black Earth Area. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During World War II, the territory of Kursk Oblast was occupied by the German troops from fall of 1941 until summer of 1943. The Battle of Kursk, which was one of the major battles of World War II, took place in the region between July 5 and August 23, 1943. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Günther von Kluge Hermann Hoth Walther Model Georgiy Zhukov Konstantin Rokossovskiy Nikolay Vatutin Ivan Konyev Strength 2,700 tanks 800,000 infantry 2,000 aircraft 3,600 tanks 1,300,000 infantry and supporting troops 2,400 aircraft Casualties German Kursk... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also: Jagoldai

Jagoldai, Cağalday (Polish: Jaholdaj ) (pronounce: yah-gohl-DAI or jah-ghahl-DAY) – little Tatar tyumen (duchy) in today Kursk Oblast of Russia, vassal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 15th-16th century. ...

Politics

The Parliament of Kursk Oblast is the Kursk Oblast Duma which consists of 45 members elected for four-year term. The head of the oblast is a governor who is appointed by the President of Russia. A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ... The President of Russia (ru: Президент России is the highest position within the Government of Russia. ...


The center-right United Russia Party and the left Communist Party of the Russian Federation are Kursk Oblast's major political parties. Traditionally, the Communist Party is the strongest in the Oblast's rural area. United Russia (Yedinaya Rossiya, Russian Единая Россия; the more correct translation is Unified Russia) is a political party in the Russian Federation which usually labels itself centrist. ... Communist Party supporters attend a May Day rally in Moscow The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Russian: Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации = КПРФ; translit. ...


Economy

Industry

Oblast's production dropped rapidly during the 1990s, as industrial crisis was stimulated by the nationwide economic crisis which followed the fall of the Soviet Union. However, by the end of the decade output was increasing. Moreover, the manufacturing sector, despite a sagging economy in the late 20th century, accounts for about 40% of the oblast's GDP. Engineering industry, electric-power industry, metal-working industry, chemicals, and food processing are the dominant industries.


Agriculture

Most of the main farming areas are used for natural pastures or cultivation, which involves mainly wheat, sugarcane, and fodder crops. The main categories of productive holdings are wheat farms, dairy farms, poultry farms, and beef cattle. Agricultural lands cover 23,000 square kilometers (8,900 sq mi), or 77% of the oblast's territory. Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions... Fodder growing from barley In agriculture, fodder or animal feed is any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, including cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. ...


Transportation

Transportation industry of Kursk Oblast, with easy access to national and international markets, is the basis for the oblast's development. The most important modes of transport throughout the oblast are by railway and road. Total length of railway network is 1,100 kilometers (680 mi). Two major rail links pass through Kursk Oblast: Moscow–Kharkiv and KievVoronezh. Region roads serve all towns and rural settlements through 5,600 kilometers (3,480 mi) road network. In addition, there is an airport in the oblast which was opened to international flights in July 1997. Map of Ukraine with Kharkiv highlighted. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Voronezh (Russian: ) is a large city in southwestern Russia, not far from Ukraine. ...


Education

The largest university of Kursk Oblast is Kursk State Technical University, which is located in the city of Kursk. There are also 22 other higher education facilities in Kursk Oblast.


Tourism

Kursk Oblast's natural attraction is the State Central-Chernozem national park, which offers great opportunity for hiking. Oblast's forests and others undeveloped areas are ideal for hunting, fishing, and camping. Traditional art and architecture are preserved in the town-museum of Rylsk and others historical towns of Kursk Oblast.


External links

  • Travel to Russia, Kursk. Retrieved June 27, 2006.
  • Kursk Region History and General Information

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kursk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (207 words)
Kursk (Russian: Курск; pronunciation: koorsk) is a city in Central Russia, an administrative center of Kursk Oblast.
Kursk joined the centralized Russian state in 1508 becoming the southern border province of the state.
A village of Prokhorovka near Kursk was the center of the Battle of Kursk during the World War II.
Kursk Oblast - definition of Kursk Oblast in Encyclopedia (92 words)
Kursk Oblast (Курская область) is a regional subdivision of Russia.
Its administrative center is the city of Kursk.
Administration of Kursk Oblast (in Russian) (http://region.kursk.ru/), official homepage.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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