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Encyclopedia > Kursk

Coordinates: 51°44′″N, 36°11′″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Coat of Arms

Kursk (Russian: Курск; pronunciation: koorsk; IPA: 'kuʀsk) is a city in the western part of Central Russia, at the confluence of Kur, Tuskar, and Seym rivers. It is the administrative center of Kursk Oblast. The population of the city was 412,442 in 2002 (according to the 2002 population census). A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Image File history File links Kursk_city_coa. ... Not to be confused with the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Kur River (IPA kuÊ€; Russian: , IPA ʀʲɛka kuÊ€) is a river in central Russia. ... Seym (also transliterated as Seim and Sejm, in Russian and Ukrainian Сейм) is a river in Russia and Ukraine. ... Kursk Oblast (Russian: , Kurskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ...

Contents

History

A Russian ruble coin dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the Our Lady of Kursk monastery.
A Russian ruble coin dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the Our Lady of Kursk monastery.

It is known that a Slavic fortified settlement existed there at least since 8th century AD[citation needed], and other settlements since 45th century BC.[citation needed] Image File history File links Kursk. ... Image File history File links Kursk. ... ISO 4217 Code RUB User(s) Russia and self-proclaimed Abkhazia and South Ossetia Inflation 10. ... Our Lady of Kursk (Russian: , Bogoroditsa kurskaya korennaya, literally God-Bearer of Kursk native) is an icon of Theotokos, apparently written in the thirteenth century and discovered in a forest near Kursk ca. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 276 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kursk Architecture Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 276 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kursk Architecture Metadata... Unrealised design for the Palace of Soviets, Moscow, by Boris Iofan, 1933 Stalinist architecture (also referred to as Stalins Empire style or Socialist Classicism) is a term given to constructions that were built in the Soviet Union between 1933 and 1955. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples (Greek: , Latin: , Arabic: ‎ Saqaliba, Old Church Slavonic: , Russian: , Polish: , Serbian: ), Croatian: , Bulgarian: ) are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 4th century BC started on January 1, 400 BC and ended on December 31, 301 BC. // Overview Events Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 5th century BC started on January 1, 500 BC and ended on December 31, 401 BC. // The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ...


The first written record of Kursk is dated 1032. It was mentioned as one of Severian towns by Prince Igor in The Tale of Igor's Campaign: "As to my Kurskers, they are famous knights—swaddled under war-horns, nursed under helmets, fed from the point of the lance; to them the trails are familiar, to them the ravines are known, the bows they have are strung tight, the quivers, unclosed, the sabers, sharpened; themselves, like gray wolves, they lope in the field, seeking for themselves honor, and for their prince glory." It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Siverian Principality. ... Igor Svyatoslavich (April 3, 1151-1202) was the prince of Novhorod-Siversky from 1180 to 1202. ... The Tale of Igors Campaign (Old East Slavic: Слово о плъку Игоревѣ, Slovo o pălku IgorevÄ›; Modern Russian: Слово о полку Игореве, Slovo o polku Igoreve) is an anonymous masterpiece of East Slavic literature written in Old East Slavic language and tentatively dated by the end of 12th century. ...


The seat of a minor principality, Kursk was raided by the Polovtsians in 12th and 13th centuries and destroyed by Batu Khan around 1237. The city was rebuilt no later than 1283. Kursk joined the centralized Russian state in 1508 becoming the southern border province of the state. It was a large centre of corn trade with Ukraine and hosted an important fair, which took place annually under the walls of the Our Lady of Kursk Monastery. The Cumans, also known as Polovtsy (Slavic for yellowish) were a nomadic West Turkic tribe living on the north of the Black Sea along the Volga. ... Batu Khan (Russian: , Ukrainian: ) (c. ... Muscovy (Moscow principality (княжество Московское) to Grand Duchy of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское) to Russian Tsardom (Царство Русское)) is a traditional Western name for the Russian state that existed from the 14th century to the late 17th century. ... Our Lady of Kursk (Russian: , Bogoroditsa kurskaya korennaya, literally God-Bearer of Kursk native) is an icon of Theotokos, apparently written in the thirteenth century and discovered in a forest near Kursk ca. ...

View of Kursk a century ago.
View of Kursk a century ago.

The Soviet government prized Kursk for rich deposits of iron ore and developed it into one of the major railroad hubs in the Russian Southwest. During World War II, the village of Prokhorovka near Kursk was the center of the Battle of Kursk, a major engagement between Soviet and German forces, which is widely believed by historians to be the largest tank battle in history and the last major German offensive mounted against USSR. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... --152. ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Hans von Kluge Hermann Hoth Walther Model Georgiy Zhukov Konstantin Rokossovskiy Nikolay Vatutin Ivan Konyev Strength 2,700 tanks 800,000 infantry, 2,000 aircraft 3,600 tanks 1,300,000 infantry, 2,400 aircraft Casualties German Kursk : 50,000 dead, wounded... Combatants Soviet Union Germany Commanders Pavel Rotmistrov Erich von Manstein Strength 500 tanks 477 tanks Casualties Ca. ... Motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) Translation: Workers of the world, unite!) Anthem: The Internationale (1922–1944) Hymn of the Soviet Union (1944–1991) Capital Moscow Language(s) Russian (the de facto official language), 14 other official languages Government Socialist republic Leaders  - 1922–1924 Vladimir Lenin  - 1924–1953 Joseph Stalin...


Attractions

The oldest building in Kursk is the upper church of the Trinity Monastery, a good example of the transition style characteristic for Peter the Great's early reign. The oldest lay building is the so-called Romodanovsky Chamber, although it was erected in all probability in the mid-18th century, when the Romodanovsky family had ceased to exist. Peter I Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia Peter I (Pyotr Alekseyvich) (9 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Romodanovsky (Russian: Ромодановские) was a Rurikid princely family descending from sovereign rulers of Starodub-on-the-Klyazma. ...


The city cathedral was built between 1752 and 1778 in the splendid Baroque style and was decorated so sumptuously that many art historians attributed it to Bartolomeo Rastrelli. Although Rastrelli's authorship is out of the question, the cathedral is indeed the most impressive monument of Elizabethan Baroque not to be commissioned by the imperial family or built in the imperial capital. Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ... Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli (1700-71) was the most important baroque architect working in Russia. ...

Sergievsko-Kazansky Cathedral in Kursk, 1752-78.
Sergievsko-Kazansky Cathedral in Kursk, 1752-78.

The cathedral has two storeys, with the lower church consecrated to St. Sergius of Radonezh and the upper one — to the Theotokos of Kazan. The upper church is noted for an intricate icon screen which took 16 years to complete. The three-storey cathedral belltower derives peculiar interest from the fact that Seraphim of Sarov, whose father took part in construction works, survived an accidental fall from its top floor at the age of 7. The Resurrection Church is also shown where St. Seraphim was baptised. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Venerable Sergii Radonezhsky (Сергий Радонежский) (born Varfolomei – Варфоломей, corresponds to Bartholomew), also translated as Sergey Radonezhsky and Sergius of Radonezh (1322 – 1392), was the... Our Lady of Kazan (16th century). ... Saint Seraphim feeds a bear on his way to Sarov, 1903 Saint Seraphim of Sarov (Russian: Серафим Саровский) (July 19, 1759 - January 2, 1833), born Prokhor Moshnin (Прохор Мошнин), is one of the most renowned Russian monks and mystics in the Eastern Orthodox Church. ...


The monastery cathedral of the Sign (1816-26) is another imposing edifice, rigorously formulated in the purest Neoclassical style, with a cupola measuring 20 metres in diameter and rising 48 metres high. The interior was formerly as rich as coloured marbles, gilding, and frescoes could make it. During the Soviet period, the cathedral was desecrated, four lateral domes and twin belltowers over the entrance pulled down. There are plans to restore the church to its former glory. The neoclassical movement that produced Neoclassical architecture began in the mid-18th century, both as a reaction against the Rococo style of anti-tectonic naturalistic ornament, and an outgrowth of some classicizing features of Late Baroque. ...


The modern city is a home for several universities: Medical University, University of Technology, State University (former Pedagogical University) and Agricultural Academy. There are also modern shrines and memorials commemorating the Battle of Kursk, both in the city and in Prokhorovka. Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Hans von Kluge Hermann Hoth Walther Model Georgiy Zhukov Konstantin Rokossovskiy Nikolay Vatutin Ivan Konyev Strength 2,700 tanks 800,000 infantry, 2,000 aircraft 3,600 tanks 1,300,000 infantry, 2,400 aircraft Casualties German Kursk : 50,000 dead, wounded...


Kursk played a role in the Cold War as host to Khalino air base. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Khalino (also given as Kursk/Vostochny and Kursk East) (ICAO: UUOK) is an interceptor aircraft base in Kursk Oblast, Russia located 7 km east of Kursk. ...


Twinning (Sister Cities)

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Witten redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state)_(bordered). ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... Anthem: Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city)  Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_corrected_(bordered). ... Bridge over Vistula River (19th century) Tczew (German: ; Kashubian/Pomeranian: Dërszewò) is a town on the Vistula river in Eastern Pomerania, Kociewie, northern Poland with 60,128 inhabitants (1 January 2005). ...

Prominent residents

Georgy Vasilyevich Sviridov (Russian: Георгий Васильевич Свиридов, Georgy Vasiljevič Svirídov; (December 16, 1915 – January 5, 1998), also transliterated Georgy Vasilyevich Sviridov, Georgy Vasilievich Sviridov, Georgy Vasilevich Sviridov, Georgii Sviridov or Gyorgy Sviridov, was a Russian and Soviet neoromantic composer. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Alexander Deyneka Battle of Sevastopol Alexander Alexandrovich Deyneka (Russian: Александр Александрович Дейнека; May 20, 1899, Kursk - June 12, 1969, Moscow) was a Soviet painter, graphic artist and sculptor. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Sculptor redirects here. ... Aleksandr Vladimirovich Rutskoy (ru: Александр Владимирович Руцкой)(born September 16, 1945, Kursk, Russia) was a Soviet military officer and a Russian politician. ... Saint Seraphim feeds a bear on his way to Sarov, 1903 Saint Seraphim of Sarov (Russian: Серафим Саровский) (July 19, 1759 - January 2, 1833), born Prokhor Moshnin (Прохор Мошнин), is one of the most renowned Russian monks and mystics in the Eastern Orthodox Church. ...

See also

Our Lady of Kursk (Russian: , Bogoroditsa kurskaya korennaya, literally God-Bearer of Kursk native) is an icon of Theotokos, apparently written in the thirteenth century and discovered in a forest near Kursk ca. ... K-141 Kursk (Russian in full: Атомная подводная лодка Курск [АПЛ Курск] - nuclear submarine Kursk) was a Project 949A Антей (Antey, Antaeus; also known by its NATO reporting name of Oscar-II class) nuclear cruise missile submarine named after the Russian city Kursk, where one of the biggest battles of World War II took place (Battle of... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Hans von Kluge Hermann Hoth Walther Model Georgiy Zhukov Konstantin Rokossovskiy Nikolay Vatutin Ivan Konyev Strength 2,700 tanks 800,000 infantry, 2,000 aircraft 3,600 tanks 1,300,000 infantry, 2,400 aircraft Casualties German Kursk : 50,000 dead, wounded...

References


Coat of arms of Kursk Oblast Cities and towns in Kursk Oblast Flag of Russia
Administrative center: Kursk

Dmitriyev-Lgovsky | Fatezh | Kurchatov | Lgov | Oboyan | Rylsk | Shchigry | Sudzha | Zheleznogorsk Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Kursk_oblast. ... Kursk Oblast (Russian: , Kurskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Dmitriyev-Lgovsky (Дмитриев-Льговский in Russian) is a small town in the Kursk Oblast in Russia, located on the Svapa River (Dniepers basin) 159 km northwest of Kursk on the Moscow-Kiev highway. ... Old coat of arms of Fatezh Fatezh (Russian: ) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on the Usozha River some 45 km north of Kursk. ... Kurchatov (Russian: ) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on the Seym River some 42 km west of Kursk. ... Lgov (Russian: ) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on both banks of the Seym River (Desnas tributary) some 80 km west of Kursk. ... Coat of arms of Oboyan Oboyan (Russian: ) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located some 60 km south of Kursk on the right bank of the Psyol River at its confluence with the Oboyanka River. ... Rylsk (Russian: ) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Seym River (Dnieper basin) 124 km southwest of Kursk. ... Shchigry (Russian: ) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located between the Shchigra and Lesnaya Plata Rivers some 60 km northeast of Kursk. ... Sudzha (Russian: ) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on the rivers Sudzha and Olyoshnya some 105 km southwest of Kursk. ... Zheleznogorsk (Russian: ) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located some 130 km northwest of Kursk. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kursk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (279 words)
Kursk (Russian: Курск; pronunciation: koorsk) is a city in Central Russia, the administrative center of Kursk Oblast.
Kursk joined the centralized Russian state in 1508 becoming the southern border province of the state.
During World War II, the village of Prokhorovka near Kursk was the center of the Battle of Kursk, a major battle between Soviet and German forces, which is widely believed by historians to be the major turning point of the war, after which time Germany's fortunes began to decline.
Russian submarine K-141 Kursk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (829 words)
K-141 Kursk was a Russian nuclear cruise missile submarine which was lost with all hands when it sank in the Barents Sea on August 12, 2000.
It was named after the Russian city Kursk, where one of the biggest battles of World War II took place, the Battle of Kursk.
The Kursk was eventually recovered from her grave by a Dutch team and 115 of the 118 dead were recovered and laid to rest in Russia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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