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Encyclopedia > Kurpfalz

A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crown's overlordship. In England, it is also used to describe a shade of purple, coming from the colours of the County palatine of County Durham Graf is a German noble title equal in rank to a count or an earl. ... The adjective sovereign is used to refer to a state of sovereignty. ... For the scientific journal Heredity see Heredity (journal) Heredity (the adjective is hereditary) is the transfer of characters from parent to offspring, either through their genes or through the social institution called inheritance (for example, a title of nobility is passed from individual to individual according to relevant customs and... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... Chromaticity diagram. ... This article chiefly concerns the Palatine counties of England. ... County Durham is a county in north-east England. ...

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Germany

More particularly, the Palatinate (German die Pfalz) usually refers to one of two areas in Germany, each formerly ruled by a count palatine.


When Germans speak about "the Palatinate" they are usually referring to the Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes called the "Lower Palatinate" or Niederpfalz). Long administratively a part of Bavaria (although it does not border Bavaria proper), today it occupies rather more than a quarter of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains towns and cities such as Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Frankenthal, Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Landau and Speyer. That part of the old Rhenish Palatinate which lay on the right bank of the Rhine is called Electoral Palatinate (Kurpfalz) and, annexed by Baden at the beginning of the 19th century, it now forms part of the state of Baden-Württemberg. It includes the cities of Mannheim and Heidelberg, which had been the capitals of the old electorate. The Rhenish Palatinate (German: Rheinpfalz) or Lower Palatinate (Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau, and Speyer. ... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ... Map of Germany showing Ludwigshafen am Rhein Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, with about 166,000 inhabitants. ... Basic information Country: Germany Federal state: Rhineland-Palatinate Regions: Palatinate District: Independent municipality Population: 99,469 (2005) Additional information Area: 139,72 km² Population density: 712 residents/km² Elevation: 245 m above sea level Latitude & Longitude: 49°27′ N 07°46′ E Postal codes: 67601-67663 Country and Area code... Frankenthal is a city in southwestern Germany, in the state of Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate). ... Neustadt an der Weinstraße, otherwise known as Neustadt a. ... Map of Germany showing Landau Coat of Arms of Landau, 1291 – 1955 Landau or Landau in der Pfalz is an autonomous (Kreisfrei) city surrounded by the Südliche Weinstraße (southern wineroute) district of southern Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) with approx. ... Baden was a territory in the southwest of what later became unified Germany. ... With an area of 35,742 km² and 10. ... Basic information Country: Germany Federal state: Land Baden-Württemberg Regions: Rhein-Neckar District: Independent municipality Population: 324,787 (Mai 2005) Additional information Area: 144. ... Map of Germany showing Heidelberg Heidelberg (halfway between Stuttgart and Frankfurt) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...


The Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) is a larger area 300 km to the east, containing the cities of Regensburg and Amberg. It is now a part of the state of Bavaria. The Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria. ... Regensburg (English formerly Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona, Czech Řezno) is a city (population 146,824 in 2002) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... Map of Germany showing Amberg (currently incorrect) Amberg is a city in Bavaria, Germany. ... The Free State of Bavaria (German: Bayern or Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...


History

The Palatinate arose as the County Palatine of the Rhine, a large feudal state lying on both banks of the Rhine, which seems to have come into existence in the 10th century. The territory fell to the Wittelsbach Dukes of Bavaria in the early 13th century, and during a later division of territory among one of the heirs of Duke Louis II of Upper Bavaria in 1294, the elder branch of the Wittelsbachs came into possession not only of the Rhenish Palatinate, but also of that part of Upper Bavaria itself which was north of the Danube, and which came to be called the Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz), in contrast to the Lower Palatinate along the Rhine. In the Golden Bull of 1356, the Palatinate was made one of the secular electorates, and given the hereditary offices of Archsteward of the Empire and Imperial Vicar of the western half of Germany. From this time forth, the Count Palatine of the Rhine was usually known as the Elector Palatine. The Wittelsbach family were the ruling dynasty of the German kingdom of Bavaria from 1180 to 1918 and of the Rhine Palatinate from 1214 until 1805; in 1815 the latter territory was incorporated into Bavaria, which had been a kingdom since 1806. ... The Golden Bull of 1356 issued by Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV. A Golden Bull or chrysobull was a golden ornament representing a seal (a bulla aurea or golden seal in Latin), attached to a decree issued by monarchs in Europe and the Byzantine Empire during the Middle Ages and... Events January 20 - Edward Balliol surrenders title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England April 16 — the King of the Serbian Kingdom of RaÅ¡ka Stefan DuÅ¡an is proclaimed Tsar (Emperor) of all Serbs, Arbanasses and Greeks in Skopje by the Serbian Orthodox Christian Patriarch of a... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ...


Due to the practice of division of territories among different branches of the family, by the early 16th century junior lines of the Palatine Wittelsbachs came to rule in Simmern, Kaiserslautern, and Zweibrücken in the Lower Palatinate, and in Neuburg and Sulzbach in the Upper Palatinate. The Elector Palatine, now based in Heidelberg, converted to Lutheranism in the 1530s. Simmern (pronounced zi-MANN), town in Germany in the western state of Rhineland-Palatinate and seat of the Simmern enclave of the Rhein-Hunsrück district or Kreis. ... Basic information Country: Germany Federal state: Rhineland-Palatinate Regions: Palatinate District: Independent municipality Population: 99,469 (2005) Additional information Area: 139,72 km² Population density: 712 residents/km² Elevation: 245 m above sea level Latitude & Longitude: 49°27′ N 07°46′ E Postal codes: 67601-67663 Country and Area code... Zweibrücken is a city of Germany in Rhineland-Palatinate, on the Schwarzbach River at the border of the Palatine Forest. ... Neuburg can refer to: Neuburg an der Donau, a town which is the administrative seat of the Neuburg-Schrobenhausen district, in the state of Bavaria, Germany Neuburg-Schrobenhausen, a district in the state of Bavaria in Germany The Count Palatine of Neuburg — see Palatinate This is a disambiguation page — a...


When the senior branch of the family died out in 1559, the Electorate passed to Frederick III of Simmern, a staunch Calvinist, and the Palatinate became one of the major centers of Calvinism in Europe, supporting Calvinist rebellions in both the Netherlands and France. Frederick III's grandson, Frederick IV, and his adviser, Christian of Anhalt, founded the Evangelical Union of Protestant states in 1608, and in 1619 Elector Frederick V (the Winter King) (the son-in-law of King James I of England) accepted the throne of Bohemia from rebellious Protestant noblemen. He was soon defeated by the forces of Emperor Ferdinand II at the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, and Spanish and Bavarian troops soon occupied the Palatinate itself. In 1623, Frederick was put under the ban of the Empire, and his territories and Electoral dignity granted to the Duke (now Elector) of Bavaria, Maximilian I. Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... In an unadorned church, the 17th century congregation stands to hear the sermon. ... Christian of Anhalt (1568–1630) Christian of Anhalt, 1568–1630, prince of Anhalt (1603–30). ... The Protestant Union or Evangelical Union was a coalition of Protestant German states that formed in the 1600s. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... James VI of Scots and James I of England and Ireland (Charles James) (19 June 1566–27 March 1625) ruled England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. ... Bohemia For the place in the USA, see Bohemia, New York. ... Categories: People stubs | Holy Roman emperors | Rulers of Austria | Rulers of Styria | Hungarian monarchs | Bohemian monarchs | Dukes of Carinthia | 1578 births | 1637 deaths ... The Battle of White Mountain, November 8, 1620 (Bílá hora is the name of White Mountain in Czech) was an early battle in the Thirty Years War in which an army of 20,000 Bohemians and mercenaries under Christian of Anhalt were routed by 25,000 men of the... Events September 6 - English emigrants on the Mayflower depart from Plymouth, England for the future New England and arrive at the end of the year. ...


By the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, Frederick V's son, Charles Louis, was restored to the Lower Palatinate, and given a new electoral title, but the Upper Palatinate and the senior electoral title remained with the Bavarian line. In 1685, the Simmern line died out, and the Palatinate was inherited by the Count Palatine of Neuburg (who was also Duke of Jülich and Berg), a Catholic. The Neuburg line, which moved the capital to Mannheim in 1720, lasted until 1742, when it, too, became extinct, and the Palatinate was inherited by the Duke Karl Theodor of Sulzbach. The childless Karl Theodor also inherited Bavaria when its electoral line became extinct in 1777, his presumptive heir the duke of Zweibrücken (on the French border) save all the Wittelsbach under a single rule (1799). The Palatinate was destroyed in the Wars of the French Revolution - first its left bank territories were occupied, and then annexed, by France starting in 1795, and then, in 1803, its right bank territories were taken by the Margrave of Baden. The Ratification of the Treaty of Münster by Gerard Terborch (1648) Banquet of the Amsterdam Civic Guard in Celebration of the Peace of Münster by Bartholomeus van der Helst, 1648 Known also as the treaties of Münster and Osnabrück, The Peace of Westphalia is the series... // Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... Karl I Ludwig, Elector Palatine (22 December 1617 - 28 August 1680) was the second son of Friedrich V, the Winter King, and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I of England. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... The Duchy of Jülich was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (part of Limburg). ... Berg was a medieval territory in todays North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... The Free State of Bavaria (German: Bayern or Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Baden was a territory in the southwest of what later became unified Germany. ...


At the Congress of Vienna in 1814 and 1815, the Left Bank Palatinate was returned to Bavaria, and after this time it was this region which was principally known as the Palatinate. The area remained a part of Bavaria until after the Second World War, when it was separated and became a part of the new state of Rhineland-Palatinate, along with former left bank territories of Prussia and Hesse-Darmstadt. The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from October 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of... The Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt came into existence in 1568, as the portion of George, youngest of the four sons of Landgrave Philipp of Hesse. ...


Counts Palatine of the Rhine, 945-1356

  • Hermann I of Lorraine 945-994
  • Ezzo of Lorraine 994-1034
  • Otto I of Swabia 1034-1045
  • Heinrich I of Swabia 1045-1061
  • Hermann II of Luxemburg 1061-1085
  • Heinrich II von Laach 1085-1095
  • Heinrich III of Limburg 1095-1099
  • Ludwig of Limburg 1099-1105
  • Sigfried of Ballenstadt 1105-1113
  • Gottfried of Kalw 1113-1129
  • Wilhelm of Ballenstadt 1129-1139
  • Henry IV Jasomirgott 1139-1142
  • Hermann III von Stahleck 1142-1155
  • Conrad of Hohenstaufen 1156-1195
  • Henry V of Welf 1195-1211
  • Henry VI of Welf 1211-1214

House of Wittelsbach Ezzo or Ehrenfried (c. ... Heinrich (Henry) II, (born 1107, died January 13, 1177), Count Palatine of the Rhine 1140-1141, Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156, Duke of Bavaria from 1143 to 1156, Duke of Austria 1156-1177, was a prince from the dynasty of Babenberg. ...

  • Louis I 1214-1227
  • Otto I 1227-1253
  • Louis II 1253-1294
  • Rudolf I 1294-1317
  • Adolf 1317-1327
  • Rudolf II 1327-1353
  • Rupert I 1353-1356

Electors Palatine, 1356-1803

  • Rupert I 1356-1390
  • Rupert II 1390-1398
  • Rupert III 1398-1410
  • Louis III 1410-1436
  • Louis IV 1436-1449
  • Frederick I 1449-1476
  • Philip 1476-1508
  • Louis V 1508-1544
  • Frederick II 1544-1556
  • Otto Henry 1556-1559

House of Palatinate-Simmern Rupert of the house of Wittelsbach (1352 - 1410) succeeded his father Rupert II as Rupert III, Count Palatine of the Rhine (see Palatinate) and one of the foremost rulers in western Germany in 1398. ...

  • Frederick III 1559-1576
  • Louis VI 1576-1583
  • Frederick IV 1583-1610
  • Frederick V 1610-1623

House of Bavaria Frederick V, Elector Palatine Frederick is also called the Winter King of Bohemia because he reigned for less than three months in 1620 after he was installed by a rebellious Protestant faction. ...

House of Palatinate-Simmern (restored) Not to be confused with King Maximilian I of Bavaria (1756-1825), prince-elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph). ...

House of Palatinate-Neuburg Karl I Ludwig, Elector Palatine (22 December 1617 - 28 August 1680) was the second son of Friedrich V, the Winter King, and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I of England. ... Karl II, Elector Palatine (31 March 1651 - 26 May 1685) was Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685. ...

House of Palatinate-Sulzbach Philipp Wilhelm of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (24 November 1615 - 2 September 1690), was Count Palatine of Neuburg and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1690. ... Johann Wilhelm II, Elector Palatine, also known as Johann Wilhelm von Pfalz-Neuburg, (April 19, 1658 – June 8, 1716) was Elector Palatine (1690-1716), Duke Palatine of Neuburg/Danube (1690-1716), Duke of Jülich and Berg (1679-1716), and Duke of Oberpfalz and Cham (1707-1714). ... Karl III Philip, Elector Palatine (November 4, 1661 in Neuburg – December 31, 1742 in Mannheim) was also Duke of Jülich and Berg. ...

House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken Karl Theodor (born in 1724) reigned as Duke of Bavaria from 1777 until his death in 1799. ... The Free State of Bavaria (German: Bayern or Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...

Maximilian I (also known as Maximilian Joseph) (May 27, 1756 – October 13, 1825), prince-elector of Bavaria (as Maximilian IV Joseph) from 1799 to 1805, king of Bavaria (as Maximilian I) from 1805 to 1825, was the son of the count palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Maria...

England (Durham)

Deriving from Durham's history as a Palatine County, the sporting colours of the University of Durham are known as Palatinates, the equivalent of Blues at Oxford and Cambridge. Honorary Palatinates are also awarded. The colour palatinate is a shade of lilac or purple, and is used in numerous heraldic devices within the university. The student newspaper is also named Palatinate; it is published weekly during term time, and was judged Best Student Newspaper by the Independent/NUJ in 2001. Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city in the north east of England. ... This article chiefly concerns the Palatine counties of England. ... Durham University is a university in England. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... The city of Cambridge is an old English university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire. ...


For more information about the palatine counties of England, see County Palatine. This article chiefly concerns the Palatine counties of England. ...


External links


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Accommodation in Kurpfalz Hotel Munich - Germany (167 words)
The family-run Kurpfalz Hotel is located in the centre of Munich next to the world famous Oktoberfest area and Theresienwiese, and only 13 minutes walking distance from the main train station and 15 minutes to inner circle/Altstadt.
Kurpfalz hotel offers guest rooms that are clean, comfortable and well appointed in a warm and cosy ambience.
Kurpfalz Hotel is located only 15 minutes on foot from the main train station and the inner circle/Altstadt (old town).
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