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Encyclopedia > Kuressaare
Kuressaare linn
Coat of arms of Kuressaare
Flag Coat of arms
County Saare County
Mayor Urmas Treiel
Area 14.95 km²
Population (as of 2004)
 - Density
14,898
996.5/km²
Time zone
 - Summer (DST)
EET (UTC+2)
EEST (UTC+3)
Coordinates 58°15′ N 22°29′ E
Location of Kuressaare
Location of Kuressaare

Kuressaare (-Estonian, former German and Swedish: Arensburg) is a town and a municipality on Saaremaa island in Estonia. It is the capital of Saare County. Image File history File links Description: Flag of Kuressaare town, Estonia. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Kuressaare ... The tricolor flag of France A flag is a piece of coloured cloth flown from a pole or mast, usually for purposes of signalling or identification. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... A County (est: Maakond) is an administrative subdivision of Estonia. ... Saare County, or Saare maakond, is a county or maakond of Estonia. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Daylight saving time (also called DST) is the U.S. term for a system intended to save daylight (the British observe summer time, and likewise the Europeans). ... Eastern European Time (EET) is the time zone 2 hours ahead of UTC. Time zones of Europe, Blue WET or GMT or UTC , Red CET/MET, Green EET, Khaki MSK During summertime, DST (Daylight Saving Time) is in effect in some countries such as Finland and all other member states... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Image File history File links Location map of Kuressaare, Estonia. ... Populated places in Estonia officially are of four kinds: towns (est: linnad, singular - linn), boroughs (est: alevid, singular - alev), small boroughs (est: alevikud, singular - alevik) and villages (est: külad, singular - küla). ... This is a list of the rural municipalities (vallad, singular - vald) of Estonia. ... This article is about the island. ... Saare County, or Saare maakond, is a county or maakond of Estonia. ...


The town is situated on the coast of Gulf of Riga. The Gulf of Riga The Gulf of Riga (or Bay of Riga, Latvian Rīgas jūras līcis, Estonian Liivi Laht) is a bay of the Baltic Sea between Latvia and Estonia. ...

Contents


History

Kuressaare developed around a bishop's castle first mentioned in 1381. In 1559 it was sold by the Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek to Denmark, and it obtained its civic charter modelled after that of Riga in 1563. In 1645 it passed to Swedish control in the Treaty of Brömsebro. Kuressaare was burnt to the ground by Russian troops in 1710 during the Great Northern War. With the Treaty of Nystad of 1721 the town passed to Russian control. During the 18th century Kuressaare became a popular resort. Its historic name of Arensburg was replaced by Kuressaare in 1918 when Estonia declared its independence during World War I. From 1952-1988 it was called Kingissepa after the Bolshevik Kuressaare-native Viktor Kingissepp (not to be confused with the Russian town Kingisepp). A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Events June 12 - Peasants Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Bishopric of Oesel-Wiek (in Estonian Saare-Lääne) was a semi-independent principality in what is now Saare and Lääne counties of Estonia. ... Riga (Latvian: RÄ«ga), the capital of Latvia, is situated on the Baltic Sea coast on the mouth of River Daugava, at 56°58′ N 24°8′ E. Riga is the largest city in the Baltic states and serves as a major cultural, educational, political, financial, commercial and industrial center... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... The Treaty of Brömsebro of August 13, 1645 ended the Torstenson War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway, which had begun in 1643. ... // Events April 10 - The worlds first copyright legislation became effective, Britains Statute of Anne Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713) Births January 3 - Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. ... The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony-Poland (from 1715 also Prussia and Hanover) on one side and Sweden on the other side from 1700 to 1721. ... The Treaty of Nystad (1721), signed at the present-day Finnish town of Uusikaupunki (Swedish Nystad), ended the Great Northern War, in which Russia received the territories of Estonia, Livonia and Ingria, as well as much of Karelia and Tsar Peter I of Russia replaced King Frederick I of Sweden... 1721 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... Viktor Kingissepp (known is Russian as Виктор Эдуардович Кингисепп; Kaarma, Saaremaa, 24 March (O.S. 12 March) 1888 - Tallinn, 4 May 1922) was an Estonian Bolshevik politician. ... St Catherine Cathedral of Yamburg was built in 1764-1782 to a late baroque design by Antonio Rinaldi. ...


In October 1990 Kuressaare was the first town in Estonia to regain its self-governing status. Today, Kuressaare is a safe and healthy town, open for international cooperation and communication. It also hosts the FC Kuressaare football club. For the Temptations album, see 1990 (Temptations album) MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Confederation of African Football (CAF) Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) The Current Laws of the Game (LOTG) The Rec. ...


Sights

  • The medieval episcopal castle, which houses the Saaremaa Regional Museum.

This article is about the island. ...

Twin Towns

Ekenäs, Finland since 21 November 1988
Rønne, Denmark since 3 October 1991
Mariehamn, Finland since 24 October 1991
Skövde, Sweden since 23 June 1993
Vammala, Finland since 30 June 1994
Turku, Finland since 30 May 1996
Talsi, Latvia since 27 May 1998
Kuurne, Belgium since 9 August 1998
Alley in Ekenäs/Tammisaari Church of Ekenäs/Tammisaari Ekenäs (IPA: //), or Tammisaari (/ˈtÉ‘mːiËŒsɑːri/) in Finnish, is a municipality of Finland. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rønne. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in Leap years). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Province Ã…land Region Ã…land Sub-region Mariehamn City manager Ritva Sarin Grufberg Official languages Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 430th 11. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Skövde Municipality is a Municipality in western Sweden where the city Skövde is the main city and seat of government. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Province Western Finland Region Pirkanmaa Sub-region South Western Pirkanmaa City manager Paavo Salli Official languages Finnish Area  - total  - land ranked 142st 656. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining, and the last day of June. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Province Western Finland Region Finland Proper Sub-region Turku City manager Armas Lahoniitty Official languages Finnish, Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 311th 245. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Talsi (population 12,931) is a town in Latvia. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1998(MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Kuurne is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1998(MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


External links

  • Kuressaare.ee Official website
  • Information and history about the town
  • Kuressaare Airport homepage (in Estonian only)


Coat of arms of Saare County Municipalities of Saare County
Urban municipality: Kuressaare
Rural municipalities: Kaarma | Kihelkonna | Kärla | Laimjala | Leisi | Lümanda | Muhu | Mustjala | Orissaare | Pihtla | Pöide | Ruhnu | Salme | Torgu | Valjala

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kuressaare - definition of Kuressaare in Encyclopedia (142 words)
Kuressaare is the capital of Saaremaa, an Estonian island, and of the Saare County.
Kuressaare that obtained the freedom of a town in 1563 has been called with different names throughout its existence.
Kuressaare was the first town in Estonia where the self-governing status was restored in October 1990.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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