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Encyclopedia > Kumina
Music of Jamaica
Kumina Nyabinghi
Mento Ska
Rocksteady Reggae
Sound systems Lovers rock
Dub Dancehall
Dub poetry Toasting
Raggamuffin Rastafarian
Roots reggae Rockers reggae
Timeline and Samples
British Caribbean Other Anglophone islands
Anguilla Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica
Bermuda Antigua and Barbuda
Montserrat Bahamas and Dominica
Turks and Caicos Barbados and St. Lucia
Caymans Grenada and St. Kitts and Nevis
Virgin Islands St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Other islands
Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico

Kumina is both the religion and the music practiced by the people of eastern Jamaica. These people have retained the drumming and dancing of the Bantul-speaking peoples of the Congo. Like the Kongo practitioners from Cuba, they have kept a large amount of the Kongo language alive. In the Americas there are many Kongo-derived religions still being practiced today. Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... Nyabinghi is a legendary Amazon queen, who was said to have possesed a Ugandan woman named Muhumusa in the 19th century. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced reggae music. ... This page is about ska, the musical style. ... This article is about the Jamaican music. ... Reggae is a style of music developed in Jamaica and is closely linked to the Rastafari movement, though not universally popular among Rastafarians. ... A sound system is a Jamaican patois term for a large street party. ... For the Sade album, Lovers Rock, see Lovers Rock Lovers Rock is Britains main contribution to reggae. ... Dub is a form of Jamaican music, which developed in the early 1970s. ... Dancehall is a type of Jamaican reggae which developed around 1979, with artists such as Barrington Levy and others who went on to become the Roots Radics. ... Dub Poetry is a form of performance poetry consisting of spoken word over reggae rhythms, that originated in Jamaica in the 1970s. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Raggamuffin (or ragga) is a kind of reggae that includes digitized backing instrumentation. ... Rastafarianism is a religion from Jamaica that has since spread throughout the world. ... Roots Reggae is the name given to Rastafarian reggae music from Jamaica, which evolved from Ska and Rocksteady and made famous by the legendary singer/songwriter Bob Marley. ... Reggae is a style of music developed in Jamaica and is closely linked to the Rastafarian religion, though not universally popular among them. ... The vast majority of the inhabitants of the United States are immigrants or descendents of immigrants. ... 1966 in music Download sample of Alton Ellis rocksteady track Girl Youve Got a Date. Download sample of Cincinatti Kid by Prince Buster, a legendary ska artist. ... The Turks and Caicos Islands are an overseas dependency of the United Kingdom. ... The Cayman Islands are a Caribbean island chain, currently a territory of the United Kingdom. ... Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. ... The former French colonies of Martinique and Guadeloupe are small islands in the Caribbean. ... The Kongo Empire was an African kingdom located in southwest Africa in what are now northern Angola, Cabinda, Republic of the Congo, and the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ...

There are two main aspects of Kongo religion that are quite distinctive. One is the practice of bringing down spirits of the dead to briefly inhabit the bodies of the faithful. The purpose of this is so that the ancestors may share their wisdom, providing spiritual assistance and advice to those here on Earth. Without exception, all such faiths in the Americas retain this central feature of Kongo faith. The other feature is the extensive work with Inquices (Enkises, Nkisi). The Inquices are very like the Orishas of Yoruba tradition, but also different. In Cuba and Brazil, where Yoruba influence was strongest in the Americas, they are often syncretized with the Orishas. They may best be described as being both the most ancient of ancestors as well as being associated with specific powers in nature. The Inquices do not tend to possess as detailed a mythology as the Yoruba gods. This article is about the type of spirit. ... The Yorùbá are the largest ethnic group in Nigeria, comprising approximately 26 percent of that countrys total population, and numbering about close to 100 million individuals throughout the region of West Africa. ...



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