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Encyclopedia > Kumbakonam
  ?Kumbakonam
Tamil Nadu • India
Map indicating the location of Kumbakonam
 Kumbakonam 
Coordinates: 10°58′N 79°23′E / 10.97, 79.38
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

• 24 m (79 ft)
District(s) Thanjavur
Population 140,021 (2001)
Municipal Chairperson Su. Pa. Thamizhazhagan[1]
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 612001
• +(91) 435
• TN 49

Coordinates: 10°58′N 79°23′E / 10.97, 79.38 Kumbakonam (Tamil: கும்பகோணம்) is a city and a municipality in the Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links India_Tamil_Nadu_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Thanjavur district is one of the 30 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service (similar to the ZIP Code in the United States). ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Thanjavur district is one of the 30 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a national capital territory. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ...


Kumbakonam is called as temple town because of the large number of temples within the town and the nearby areas. It is a very peaceful city and the festival of Mahamaham is celebrated every 12 years at the Mahamaham tank in Kumbakonam. The town is known for its temples, intricately carved panchaloha idols, exquisite brass wares especially lamps, silk and betel leaves. Mahamaham is a Hindu festival celebrated every 12 years in a small temple-town called Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu, India. ...


Kumbakonam is the headquarters of Kumbakonam Taluk. It is located 40km from Thanjavur and 293Km from Chennai. Kumbakonam is the heart of Thanjavur district A Tehsil is an administrative subdivision or tier of local government in some South Asian countries. ... , “Tanjore” redirects here. ... , “Madras” redirects here. ... Thanjavur district is one of the 30 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ...

Contents

Origin of name

According to legend, Kumbakonam is the location where the kumbha (pot) in which Brahma placed the seed of creation during the great deluge came to rest. Kumbakonam is thus said to be the location from which life in the current cycle of creation first came forth. This town also has another Tamil nick name Kudanthai. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


History

Pazhaiyaarai, near Kumbakonam was once the capital of the Cholas in the 9th century. Pazhaiyaarai was an ancient capital of the medieval Chola dynasty, in southern India. ... The Chola Dynasty (Tamil: , IPA: ) was a Tamil dynasty that ruled primarily in southern India until the 13th century. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was the century that lasted from 801 to 900. ...


Geography

Kumbakonam is located at 10.97° N 79.38° E.[2] It has an average elevation of 24 metres (78 feet). Kumbakonam is located 273 km south of Chennai, 96 km east of Tiruchirappalli, and about 40 km north-east of Thanjavur. The town is bounded by two rivers, the Kaveri River on the north and Arasalar River on the south. There is a gentle slope from north of the town to south. ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... , “Madras” redirects here. ... Tiruchirapalli (also spelled Tiruchchirappalli, commonly known as Tiruchi or Trichy, formerly known as Trichinopoly under British rule) is a city situated on the banks of the Kaveri river, centrally located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... , “Tanjore” redirects here. ... Sivasamudram Falls on the Kaveri River near Mysore The Kaveri River (Kannada: ಕಾವೇರಿ, Tamil: காவிரி also spelled Cauvery in English) is one of the major rivers of India, which is considered sacred by Hindus. ... The river Arasalar It is a branch of Cauvery which split into 5 different rivers when it enters into Tanjore District from Trichy. ...


Demographics

As of 2001 India census,GRIndia Kumbakonam had a population of 140,021. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Kumbakonam has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 70%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


Economy

Kumbakonam is primarily a market city for surrounding agricultural villages. The town is surrounded by small villages of great historical importance. The agricultural region around the town is famous for its betelnuts and betel leaves. In the pre-independence era, it was a market town where people from all over the Kaveri delta region came and sold their goods. The town is also native to many goldsmiths and ornament makers. And the city is world famous for sculpture because of the workshop which is in swamimalai. Binomial name Areca catechu Linnaeus Areca nut, or pinang, more commonly known as betel nut, is the seed of the betel palm or Areca catechu, a species of palm tree which grows throughout the Pacific, Asia, and parts of east Africa. ... Binomial name Piper betle L. The Betel (Piper betle) is a spice whose leaves have medicinal properties. ...


Temples

Of the many temples in Kumbakonam, the most striking is the Lord Sarangapani Temple, a Vaishnavite temple. This twelve storied 147 feet high temple was built by the Nayak Kings during 15th century. The Ramaswamy Temple which depicts the paintings of Ramayana is another important Vaishanavite temple in Kumbakonam. The greatness of Ramaswamy Temple is said to be the only temple where Lord Rama, Goddess Sita are in the same platform and Lord Hanuman is playing the veena instead of reading the Ramayana. The entire deity is said to be made from Saligrama monolith. The Temple is filled with intricate carvings in its pillars. Vaishnavites are followers of Vaishnavism in which Vishnu or His avatars are worshipped as the supreme God. ... A Nayak (also Nayaka, Nayaker/Naicker (Tamil) or Nayadu/Naidu (Telegu) or Nair (Malayalam) Nayake/Naike (Sinhala) or Naik (Marathi) ) is the title of a government official, equivalent to a provincial governor or viceroy, in the Telugu kingdoms of southern India, including the Kakatiya kingdom of Warangal (11th-14th centuries... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... This article is about a Hindu incarnation of God (i. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... Hanuman (Sanskrit: ; nominative singular ), known also as Anjaneya, is one of the most important personalities in the Indian epic, the Ramayana. ... Woman playing the Veena. ... The saligrama or shaligrama is the most sacred stone worshipped by vaishnavas and is used to worship Vishnu in a symbolic form (i. ...


Mahamaham Tank

Mahamaham 2004 Festival details Mahamaham Tank images


Chakrapani Temple

Chakrapani Temple is situated about 1.5 km North of Ramaswamy Temple. Here the main deity is Chakraraja. The Sudharshana Chakra is also here. The temple is also an exquisite exponent of the early temple architecture. The important and peculiar point about this temple is that Vilva (Bilwa) archana which is normally performed in Shiva temples is also performed here for the Perumal (Lord Vishnu).Temple's Official Website is  : http://www.srichakrapanitemple.com/


Kumbeswara Temple

Main article: Kumbeswara Temple

Kumbeswara Temple is an important Saivite temple situated at the central part of the town. Shri Adhi Kumbeswara is the presiding deity of Kumbakonam and Manthrapeeteswari Mangalambika is the lord's Consort. The temple complex is huge and has beautiful artwork. The important festival of the town is the Mahamaham festival. This takes place once every 12 years during the Tamil Month of Masi (February/March), when lakhs of pilgrims from various parts of India visit Kumbakonam to take a holy bath in the sacred Mahamaham tank which is located in the heart of the town. Kumbeswarar Temple is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located at the center of the Tamilnadu town Kumbakonam, India. ... Saivite: of Saivism; belonging to Saivism, the Hindu denomination that worships God Siva as the Supreme God. ... A lakh (Hindi: लाख, Urdu: Ù„Ú©Ú¾, Bengali: , Tamil : இலட்சம்) is a unit in the Indian numbering system, widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. ...


Kasi Viswanathar Temple

Kasi Viswanathar Temple is situated very close to the Mahamaham tank. Here the main deity is Kasi Viswanathar/Visalakshi. The important and peculiar point about this temple is the navakanniyar, which are the 9 holy rivers. It is belived that the mahamaham function is closely associated with the 9 presiding deities namely Ganga, Yamuna, Narmada, Saraswati, Kaveri, Godavari, Tungabhatra, Krishna and Sarayu. Another important part is the stala lingam present in the southern part of the temple. It was worshipped by Ravana and is believed to grow with ages. The temple can be accessed by alighting at the Head post office bus stop.


Nageswaran Temple

Nageswaran Temple, is dedicated to Shiva in the guise of Nagaraja, the serpent king. Also known as "Koothandavar Kovil", it is located near the Kumbakonam old bus stand. Aditya Chola constructed this temple during the 12th century. It stands as a great marvel of Chola architecture, building technology and astronomy. The design and orientation are structured in such a way that it allows sunlight inside the temple only during the Tamil month of Chithirai (April/May), therefore, it bears another name called Surya Kottam or Keel Kottam. The Karuvarai (Sanctum Sanctorum) of Nageswaran temple is similar to that of Sarangapani temple, as it is made in the form of a Chariot. The temple consists of three gopurams in the eastern western & southern directions. Shiva (IAST: , also spelled Siva; Hindi, Shiv) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. ... Aditya I (870-906) was an Indian ruler. ... A giant Hubble mosaic of the Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant Astronomy (also frequently referred to as astrophysics) is the scientific study of celestial objects (such as stars, planets, comets, and galaxies) and phenomena that originate outside the Earths atmosphere (such as the cosmic background radiation). ... In Hinduism, Surya (Devanagari: सूर्य, sūrya) is the chief solar deity,one of the Adityas, son of Kasyapa and one of his wife Aditi[1] ,in Nordics Tyr he is said to be the son of Dyaus Pitar. ... Temple Cars are like Charriot that carries Hindu gods. ...


Sarangapani Temple

Main article: Sarangapani Temple

This famous pancharanga kshetram is in the midst of the busy market place. Before the Sri Rangam Temple gopuram/Tower was built, this temple used to hold the place for the tallest Temple Tower in South Asia. The Chariot festival which happens every year is one of the big festivals in the town. Sarangapani Temple is a place of worship, dedicated to Vishnu as the Supreme God of the Vaishnava traditions of Hinduism. ... Pancharanga Kshetrams literally means 5 Ranganatha temples (pancha: five; Kshetrams: holy places). ... Srirangam (also Thiruvarangam) is a small town in south India adjoining Tiruchirapalli. ... Gopuram of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam Gopuram, a prominent feature of the Hindu temple architecture of South India, is the rising tower at the entrance of a temple. ...


Someswar Temple

Someswar Temple is situated in the southern portion of Sri Sarangapani temple. This temple faces east with a 5-tier Gopuram at the entrance. It also has an entrance in the south. The architectural style and element of this temple resembles the Dravidian Architecture of 13th century of the Chola period. Arumugam and Thenar Mozhi Ammal are the other deities located in this temple complex. Dravidian architecture, as unique and spectacular as any Greek, Roman or Egyptian architecture, spans many thousands of years. ...


The temples at Thirunageswaram

Thirunageswaram is located 8 km east of Kumbakonam. There are two major temples at Thirunageswaram. One the famous Vaishnavaite temple of Oppliyappan (Oppliyappan Sannadhi), the other the ThiruNageswarar or NagaNathaswami (Naga in Tamil/Sanskrit means Snake and Natha means God) temple for Shaivaites. An important feature of this temple is that of Rahu bhagawan sannathi where milk abhishekham is performed daily during Rahukaalam. At this time, the milk that is poured on the statue turns blue when it passes over the body and once again to white after it reaches the floor. This wonder is watched by many daily during the raahu kaalam. This is also the only place wherein one can view Rahu bhagawan with his consorts. Thirunageswaram is a panchayat town in Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Oppiliyappan Sannadhi Famous Vaishnavite temple situated near to Town of Kumbakonam (about 5 kms. ... In Hindu mythology, Rahu is a snake that swallows the sun or the moon causing eclipses. ... Rahukaalam According to Hindus, this time is very inauspicious to undertake any new venture. ...


Thirunageswaram Temple views


Pateeswaram temple

Sri Thirupureeswarar temple at Pateeswaram, 5 km south-east of Kumbakonam, was constructed during the 16th century by Govinda Dikshithar, a Minister of Nayak King Acchathappa.


Airavatesvara Temple

Main article: Airavatesvara Temple
Airavateswarar Temple
Airavateswarar Temple

The temple at Darasuram, 4 km west of Kumbakonam is Airvatesvara (Airavat is the holy white elephant) Temple, constructed by Rajaraja Chola II (1146-63), is a superb example of 12 Century Chola architecture. Many statues were removed to the art gallery in the Thanjavur Palace, but have since been returned. The remarkable structures depict, among other things, Shiva as Kankala-murti - the mendicant. Stories from epics and Hindu mythology are depicted. Adjoining the Airavatesvara temple is the Deiva Nayaki Ambal temple. Airateswara Temple is a Hindu temple located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Image File history File links Airavateswarar_temple. ... Image File history File links Airavateswarar_temple. ... Darasuram is a small town near Kumbakonam in Tamil Nad state in southern India. ... Rajaraja Chola II succeeded his father Kulothunga Chola II to the Chola throne in 1150 C.E. He was made his heir apparent and coregent in 1146 C.E and so the inscriptions of Rajaraja II count his reign from 1146 C.E. Rajarajas reign began to show signs...


In the year 2004, the Archelogical Survey of India (ASI) excavated and restored the temple.


Nearby Navagraha Temples

The area surrounding Kumbakonam is home to a set of Navagraha temples dating from the Chola period. Navagraha temples are temples devoted to the nine (nava) major celestial bodies (Grahas) of Hindu astronomy. ...


Swamimalai temple

The Lord Murugan temple is located in Swami Malai, which is around 10 km from kumbakonam. It is one among the six famous temples of Lord Muruga. This is the place where the Lord murugan in childhood taught the meaning of mandra "OM" to his father Lord Siva. One of the Aru Padaiveedu, the six main abodes of Lord Muruga, Swamimalai is where Lord Muruga preached his own father Lord Shiva at a tender age. ...


Thiruvalansuzhi Vinayakar Temple

Main article: Thiruvalansuzhi Vinayakar Temple

This siva temple is famous for vinayakar sculpture which has been carved from white foam while churning the milky sea. So the name of the god in Tamil is "Vellai pillayar" meaning that "White vinayakar". This temple is located in small village "Thiruvalansuzi" which is 4 km from Kumbakonam and 2 km from Swamimalai. The name "Thiruvalansuzi" has come because the cauvery river prayed the lord siva by doing pradhaksana from right hand side to left hand side. (Usually it will be left to right). The another name for lord siva in this temple is "Sadai mudi nathar". To see the temple pictures, follow the link Thiruvalansuzhi Vinayakar Temple Photos


Other places of worship

In 1853, a Protestant Church was erected in the town. And there are around 8 Mosques in kumbakonam. 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ...


Shri Ragavendra Swami lived here during his younger days. Town is still home for one of his Mutt. Raghavendra Swami,(1601-1671), was one of the influential saints in Hinduism, lived in the 17th century. ...


Thirubhuvanam

Thirubhuvanam is a small panchayat near kumbakonam town. It has a Lord Shiva temple and Perumal temple located in the centre of the panchayat. This small town is famous for silk sarees like Kanchipuram silk. The famous "Thico Silks" is localated here. Silk weaving is the main business of this town. Thirubuvanam Temple Photos


Rotary International

There are Seven Rotary clubs in Kumbakonam Rotary Club of Kumbakonam Central meets every Monday at C.V.Narashimma hall Rotary Club of Kumbakonam Holy town meets every Monday Rotary Club of kumbakonam East meets every Tuesday Rotary Club of Kumbakonam meets every Wednesday Rotary club of Kumbakonam Mahamaham meets every Thursday Rotary club of kumbakonam Temple city meets every Friday Rotary club of kumbakonam mid town meets every Sunday


Education

The Government Arts College at Kumbakonam, known as the "Cambridge of South India", is one of the oldest colleges in the Tamil Nadu State. This College's Porter Hall was built in the memory of a former principal of the college in 1885. Geography Status City (1951) Region East of England Admin. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the two Union Territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ...


Govt. Women's College.
Govt. Arts & Crafts college.
Idaya college arts & science for women


Annai college of Arts and science.
Arasu Engineering College can be found on Chennai Main Road.


SASTRA University



Town Higher Sec School (where the great mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan, studied) is one of the famous schools. Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar (Tamil: ) (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was an Indian mathematician who is widely regarded as one of the greatest mathematical minds in recent history. ...


Other important schools are:

  • The Native Higher Secondary School
  • The Little Flower Higher Secondary School
  • Banadurai Higher Secondary School
  • St. Joseph's Girls Higher Secondary School
  • ARR Matriculation School
  • Govt. Girls Higher Secondary School
  • Al Ameen Matriculation Higher Sec. school
  • Christ The King Matriculation Higher Sec. school
  • Sri Matha Matriculation School
  • St. Anne's Girls Higher secondary school

In 2004, tragedy struck Kumbakonam when a school caught fire killing 92. [1].


Famous people from Kumbakonam

  • Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan
  • Orator Silver tongue Srinivasa Sastry
  • famous film directors shankar n linguswamy were born in kmu only
  • Tamil thatha (grandpa) U.VE.Swaminatha Iyer
  • Actor and Politician M.G. Ramachandran did schooling here
  • Father of Green Revolution M.S. Swaminathan was born on Aug 7, 1925
  • Famous Film Director Shankar was born in Kumbakonam
  • Late Rajam, Founder of Madras Institute of Technology, chromepet was born in Kumbakonam
  • Late E.S.M. Packeer Mohamed (Famous Businessman)
  • A.R.R Group of Companies owned by Dr. S.Subramaniyam. (Founder of ARR charity)
  • Famous Tamil Film Director Linguswamy was born in Kumbakonam
  • T.S.R Group was founded here in 1909 by T.S.Rajagopal Iyengar
  • Kali Material Handling Systems, Manufacturers of Conveyor Idlers and Pulleys
  • Raman and Raman Bus Transport was founded here by Late Mr. P.S Narayana Iyer
  • Raman and Raman Kasiraman S/O P.S Narayana Iyer Ex-MLA, designed the first town planning and underground flood and drainage system. A concept that is used wide across the state today
  • Rtn. Er.M.B.Venkatesh is the first structural engineer in the city to design RCC structures with the aid of high techniques using latest civil engineering software in accordance to Bureau of Indian Standards
  • Famous Tamil Film Director Sharavanan subbaiya was born in Kumbakonam
  • Ko. Si. MANI MINISTER is elected from this constituency
  • R.DURAI is elected as Member of Kumbakonam Municipal Counsil.
  • City Union Bank Chairman belongs to Kumbakonam only

Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar (Tamil: ) (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was an Indian mathematician who is widely regarded as one of the greatest mathematical minds in recent history. ... ... Prof. ...

External links

  • List of several prominent Temples in and around Kumbakonam, with pictures
  • Temples in Kumbakonam
  • http://www.mayiladuthuraionline.com
  • http://www.thanjavur.tn.nic.in/tour.htm#14
  • Darasuram Temple Virtual Tour

References

  1. ^ The Hindu dated 29 October 2006
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kumbakonam
State of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu Topics | History | Politics | Tamil people
Capital Chennai
Districts ChennaiCoimbatoreCuddaloreDharmapuriDindigulErodeKanchipuramKanyakumariKarurKrishnagiriMaduraiNagapattinamNamakkalPerambalurPudukkottaiRamanathapuramSalemSivagangaThanjavurThe NilgirisTheniThoothukudiTiruchirapalli • Tirunelveli • TiruvallurTiruvannamalaiTiruvarurVelloreViluppuramVirudhunagar
Major cities AlandurAvadiAmbatturChennaiCoimbatoreCuddaloreDindigulErodeKancheepuramKarurKumbakonamMaduraiNagercoilNeyveliPallavaramPudukkottaiRajapalayamSalemTambaramThanjavurThoothukudiTiruchirapalliTirunelveliTiruppurTiruvannamalaiTiruvottiyurVellore

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Kumbakonam is one of the oldest towns in Tamilnadu and is famous for its Mahamaham festival.
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Kumbakonam is the temple city of South India situated in Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu.
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