FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kujula Kadphises
 Tetradrachm of Kujula Kadphises (30-80 CE) in the style of Hermaeus. Obv: Hermaios-style diademed bust. Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣTHPOΣΣV EPMAIOV "King Hermaeus, the Saviour". Rev: Herakles standing with club and lion skin. Kharoshti legend: KUJULA KASASA KUSHANA YAVUGASA DHARMATHIDASA "Kujula Kadphises the Pious ("of the Dharma"), Ruler of the Kushans".
Tetradrachm of Kujula Kadphises (30-80 CE) in the style of Hermaeus.
Obv: Hermaios-style diademed bust. Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣTHPOΣΣV EPMAIOV "King Hermaeus, the Saviour".
Rev: Herakles standing with club and lion skin. Kharoshti legend: KUJULA KASASA KUSHANA YAVUGASA DHARMATHIDASA "Kujula Kadphises the Pious ("of the Dharma"), Ruler of the Kushans".
Roman-style coin of Kujula Kadphises. Obv: Royal bust, diademend, with Greek legend: KOZOΛA KAΔAΦEC XOPANOV ZAOOV "Kudjula Kadphises, ruler of the Kushans". Rev: King seated right in a curule chair. Kharoshti legend: KHUSHANA YAUASA KAPHASA SACHA DHARMATIDASA "Kujula Kadphises, Ruler of the Khushans, and Pious (of the "Dharma").
Enlarge
Roman-style coin of Kujula Kadphises.
Obv: Royal bust, diademend, with Greek legend: KOZOΛA KAΔAΦEC XOPANOV ZAOOV "Kudjula Kadphises, ruler of the Kushans".
Rev: King seated right in a curule chair. Kharoshti legend: KHUSHANA YAUASA KAPHASA SACHA DHARMATIDASA "Kujula Kadphises, Ruler of the Khushans, and Pious (of the "Dharma").

Kujula Kadphises (30-80 CE) united the Yuezhi confederation during the 1st century CE, and become the first Kushan emperor. According to the Rabatak inscription, he was the grandfather of the great Kushan king Kanishka I. Coin from the COIN INDIA site [1], usage allowed for non-commercial purposes according to page [2]. The home page of the site is: [3] This image is not licensed under the GFDL. It is under a non-commercial-use only licence. ... Coin from the COIN INDIA site [1], usage allowed for non-commercial purposes according to page [2]. The home page of the site is: [3] This image is not licensed under the GFDL. It is under a non-commercial-use only licence. ... Silver drachm of king Hermaeus (90-70 BCE). ... For the son of Alexander the Great, see Heracles (Macedon). ... The Kharoṣṭhī script, also known as the Gāndhārī script, is an ancient alphabetic script used by the Gandhara culture of historic northwest India to write the Gandhari and Sanskrit languages (the Gandhara kingdom was located along the present-day border between Afghanistan and Pakistan between the Indus River and the... Dharma (sanskrit, roughly (natural) law or way) is the way of the higher Truths. ... Coin of Kujula Kadphises. ... Coin of Kujula Kadphises. ... In the Roman Republic, and later the empire, the Curule chair (in Latin the sellis curulis) was the chair upon which senior magistrates or promagistrates owning imperium were entitled to sit including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, and curule aediles. ... The Kharoṣṭhī script, also known as the Gāndhārī script, is an ancient alphabetic script used by the Gandhara culture of historic northwest India to write the Gandhari and Sanskrit languages (the Gandhara kingdom was located along the present-day border between Afghanistan and Pakistan between the Indus River and the... Dharma (sanskrit, roughly (natural) law or way) is the way of the higher Truths. ... Events The Sermon on the Mount (according to proponents of the 33 theory) April 7 - Crucifixion of Jesus (suggested date, but it is also suggested that he died on April 3, AD 33) Births Quintus Petillius Cerialis, brother-in-law of Vespasian Deaths April 7 - Judas Iscariot, disciple of Jesus... For other uses, see number 80. ... The migrations of the Yuezhi through Central Asia, from around 176 to 30 BCE. Yuezhi (Chinese 月氏; Wade-Giles: Yüeh-Chih) or Da Yuezhi (Chinese 大月氏, Great Yuezhi) is the Chinese name for an ancient Central Asian people. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... Gold coin of Kanishka I with a representation of the Buddha (c. ...


The rise of Kujula Kadphises is described in the Chinese historical chronicle Hou Hanshu: The Book of Later Han (Chinese: 後漢書; pinyin: ) is a history of the Chinese Empire which was compiled by Fan Yeh (范晔; 398-445), using a number of earlier histories as sources. ...


"More than a hundred years later (after their invasion of Bactria), the xihou (Ch:翖侯, "Allied Prince") of Guishuang (Badakhshan and the adjoining territories north of the Oxus), named Qiujiu Que (Ch: 丘就卻 "Ch’iu-chiu-ch’üeh", Kujula Kadphises) attacked and exterminated the four other xihou ("Allied Princes"). He set himself up as king of a kingdom called Guishang (Kushan). He invaded Anxi (Parthia) and took the Gaofu (Ch:高附 "Kao-fu", Kabul) region. He also defeated the whole of the kingdoms of Puta (Parthuaia, 55 CE) and Kipin (Ch: 罽賓 "Khi-pin", Kapisa-Peshawar). Qiujiu Que (Kujula Kadphises) was more than eighty years old when he died. Bactria (Bactriana) was the ancient Greek name of the country between the range of the Hindu Kush (Caucasus Indicus) and the Amu Darya (Oxus), with the capital Bactra (now Balkh) in Afghanistan. ... Badakhshan is a region comprising parts of northeastern Afghanistan and of Tajikistan. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... Parthia empire at its greatest extent The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BC, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BC and 224 AD. Parthia was the arch-enemy of the Roman Empire in the East and it limited... Parthian Empire at its greatest extent, c60 BC. The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. Parthia was the arch-enemy of the Roman Empire in the East and... Kabul (34°32′ N 69°10′ E, Kâbl, in Persian کابل) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan with a population variously estimated at 2 to 4 million. ... Kapisa is one of 34 provinces in Afghanistan. ... Peshawar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


His son, Yan Gaozhen (Ch:閻高珍) (Vima Takto), became king in his place. He returned and defeated Tianzhu (Northwestern India) and installed a General to supervise and lead it. The Yuezhi then became extremely rich. All the kingdoms call [their king] the Guishuang (Kushan) king, but the Han call them by their original name, Da Yuezhi." (Hou Hanshu, trans. John Hill). Bronze coin of Vima Takto, alias Soter Megas (r. ... Han commanderies and kingdoms AD 2. ... The migrations of the Yuezhi through Central Asia, from around 176 to 30 BCE. Yuezhi (Chinese 月氏; Wade-Giles: Yüeh-Chih) or Da Yuezhi (Chinese 大月氏, Great Yuezhi) is the Chinese name for an ancient Central Asian people. ... The Book of Later Han (Chinese: 後漢書; pinyin: ) is a history of the Chinese Empire which was compiled by Fan Yeh (范晔; 398-445), using a number of earlier histories as sources. ...


It seems that Kujula's empire was later invaded by the Indo-Parthian ruler Gondophares and that much of his territory had to be abandoned. Coin of Gondophares (20-50 AD), first king of the Indo-Parthians kingdom. ... Coin of Gondophares (20-50 CE), first king of the Indo-Parthians. ...


Most of Kujula's coins were Hellenic in inspiration. These coins used the portrait, name and title of the Indo-Greek king Hermaeus on the obverse, indicating Kujula's wish to relate himself to the Indo-Greek king. Since the Kushans and their predecessors the Yuezhi were conversant with the Greek language and Greek coinage, the adoption of Hermaeus cannot have been accidental: it either expressed a filiation of Kujula Kadphises to Hermaeus by alliance (possibly through Sapadbizes or Heraios), or simply a wish to show himself as heir to the Indo-Greek tradition and prestige, possibly to accommodate Greek populations. These coins bear the name of Kujula Kadphises in Kharoshti, with representations of the Greek demi-god Heracles on the back, and titles ("Yavugasa") presenting Kujula as a "ruler" (not actual king), and a probable Buddhist ("Dharmathidasa", follower of the Dharma). Later coins, possibly posthumous, did describe Kujula as "Maharajasa", or "Great King". Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Silver drachm of king Hermaeus (90-70 BCE). ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... The migrations of the Yuezhi through Central Asia, from around 176 to 30 BCE. Yuezhi (Chinese 月氏; Wade-Giles: Yüeh-Chih) or Da Yuezhi (Chinese 大月氏, Great Yuezhi) is the Chinese name for an ancient Central Asian people. ... Coin of the first identifiable Yuezhi prince, Sapadbizes (c. ... Silver tetradrachm of Kushan king Heraios (1-30 CE) in Greco-Bactrian style. ... Statue of Heracles In Greek mythology, Heracles, or Heraklês (glory of Hera, Ἡρακλῆς) was the demigod son of Zeus and Alcmene, the grand-daughter of Perseus and the wife of Amphitryon. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... Dharma (sanskrit, roughly (natural) law or way) is the way of the higher Truths. ...

Copper coin of Kujula said to represent the Buddha on the obverse and Zeus on the reverse (Whitehead)
Copper coin of Kujula said to represent the Buddha on the obverse and Zeus on the reverse (Whitehead)

Some coins of Kujula also represent a cross-legged seated figure, said to be one of the first known representations of the Buddha on a coin (Whitehead). Image File history File links Coin of Kujula Kadphises. ... Image File history File links Coin of Kujula Kadphises. ...


Some fewer coins of Kujula Kadphises also adopted a Roman style, with effigies closely resembling Caesar Augustus, although all the legends were then associated with Kujula himself. Such influences are linked to exchanges with the Roman Empire around that date.
Bust of Augustus Caesar Caesar Augustus (Latin: IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS)¹ (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), known earlier in his life as Gaius Octavius or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, was the first Roman Emperor and is traditionally considered the greatest. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ...


References

  • "Catalogue of coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore. Vol. I Indo-Greek coins", Whitehead, Argonaut Inc. Publishers, Chicago.
Preceded by:
Heraios
Kushan Ruler
(30-80 CE)
Succeeded by:

Vima Takto

(In Gandhara and Punjab:)
Indo-Parthian king
Gondophares

  Results from FactBites:
 
Britain.tv Wikipedia - Kushan (2438 words)
Kujula issued an extensive series of coins and fathered at least two sons, Sadaṣkaṇa (who is known from only one inscription, and may never have ruled), and Vima Taktu.
Vima Kadphises was the son of Vima Taktu and the father of Kanishka I. He issued an extensive series of coins and inscriptions.
According to the Rabatak inscription, Kanishka was the son of Vima Kadphises, the grandson of Vima Taktu, and the great-grandson of Kujula Kadphises.
Kujula Kadphises - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (726 words)
Kharoshti legend: KUJULA KASASA KUSHANA YAVUGASA DHARMATHIDASA "Kujula Kadphises the Pious ("of the Dharma"), Ruler of the Kushans".
Kharoshti legend: KHUSHANA YAUASA KAPHASA SACHA DHARMATIDASA "Kujula Kadphises, Ruler of the Kushans, and Pious (of the "Dharma").
Kujula Kadphises (30-80 CE) (Kushan language: ΚΟΖΟΛΑ ΚΑΔΑΦΕϹ, Pali: Kujula Kasasa, Ancient Chinese:丘就卻) was a Kushan prince who united the Yuezhi confederation during the 1st century CE, and became the first Kushan emperor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m