FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Kufa" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kufa

Kufa (الكوفة al-Kufa in Arabic) is a city in Iraq, about 170 km south of Baghdad, and 10 km northeast of Najaf. It is located on the banks of the Euphrates River. The estimated population in 2003 was 110,000. Arabic (العربية) is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... A street map of Baghdad Average temperature (red) and precipitations (blue) in Baghdad Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and the Baghdad Province. ... Najaf (نجف in the Arabic language) is a city in Iraq, about 160 km south of Baghdad, located at 31. ... The Euphrates (the traditional Greek name for the river, which is in Old Persian Ufrat, Aramaic Prâth/Frot, in Arabic الفرات, in Turkish Fırat and in ancient Assyrian language Pu-rat-tu) is the westernmost of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia (Bethnahrin in Aramaic), the other being the... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Along with Karbala, and Najaf, Kufa is one of three Iraqi cities that are of great importance to Shiite Muslims. The city was the location of the capital of Ali ibn Abu Talib. The Mashad al-Husain, Karbala Karbalā (كربلاء; also transliterated as Kerbala or Kerbela) is a city in Iraq, located about 100 km southwest of Baghdad at 32. ... Najaf (نجف in the Arabic language) is a city in Iraq, about 160 km south of Baghdad, located at 31. ... Shi‘as (the adjective in Arabic is شيعى shi‘i; English has traditionally used Shiite) which mean follower in Arabic make up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%-35% of all Muslim. ... Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي بن أبي طالب) (c. ...


The Arab quarters of city were established in 638, about the same time as Basra, by Arab armies that were fighting the Sassanid Persians. After Ali ibn Abu Talib became caliph, he moved his headquarters and capital to Kufa as he prepared for battle with Muawiyah who was leading a revolt from Syria. Ali was killed in the city, and buried in the nearby city of Najaf. After Muawiyah became caliph, Kufa served as a base for the supporters of Ali, and later its inhabitants would house his son Hussein. Events Islamic calendar introduced The Muslims capture Jerusalem, Caesarea Palaestina and Akko Births Deaths October 12 - Pope Honorius I Dagobert II, king of the Franks Categories: 638 ... Location of Basra Basra (also known as Başrah or Basara; historically sometimes called Busra, Busrah, and early on Bassorah; Arabic: البصرة, Al-Basrah) is the second largest city of Iraq with an estimated population of about 1,377,000 in 2003. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... Caliph is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Muawiyah I (602 - May 6, 680), early Muslim leader and founder of the great Umayyad Dynasty of caliphs. ... Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ...


In the mid-8th century, the city was taken by the Abbasids who made it a temporary capital while Baghdad was being constructed. At this time, Kufa was an important learning center, and is where the kufic script was developed, the earliest script of the Arabic language. As the scholar al-Qalqashandi maintained, "The Arabic script [khatt] is the one which is now known as Kufic. From it evolved all the present hands." The angular script which later came to be known as Kufic had its origin about a century earlier than the founding of the town of Kufa, according to Moritz in the Encyclopaedia Of Islam. The kufic script was derived from one of the four pre-Islamic Arabic scripts, the one called al-Hiri (used in Hira, a city a few miles to the north). (The other three were al-Anbari (from Anbar), al-Maqqi (from Mecca) and al-Madani (from Medina)). The famous author of the Kitab al-Fihrist, an index of Arabic books, Ibn al-Nadim (died ca. 999), was the first to use the word 'kufic' to characterize this script, which reached a state is decorative perfection in the 8th century, when surahs were used to decorate ceramics, for representations of nature were strictly forbidden under the Islamic regime.. (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Abbasid provinces during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid Abbasid was the dynastic name generally given to the caliphs of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Muslim empire. ... A street map of Baghdad Average temperature (red) and precipitations (blue) in Baghdad Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and the Baghdad Province. ... Arabic (العربية) is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Ibn al-Nadim (Abu al-Faraj Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq),(died September 17, 995 or 998) was the author of the Kitab al-Fihrist, was a a Arab Shiite scholar and bibliographer. ... See also: Sura (disambiguation). ...


Even after the capital was moved to Baghdad, Kufa remained in an important position. However, it began to come under constant attack in the 11th century and eventually shrunk and lost its importance. (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ...


In the last century, the population of Kufa has begun to grow again. It continues to be an important pilgrimage site for Shiite Muslims.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kufa (274 words)
Kufa (al-Kufa in Arabic) is a city in Iraq, about 170 km south of Baghdad, and 10 km northeast of Najaf.
Kufa was established in 638 by Arab armies that were fighting the Sassanids.
At this time, Kufa was an important learning center, and is where the kufic script of the Arabic language originated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m