FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kuala Lumpur International Airport
Kuala Lumpur International Airport
Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur


The KLIA control tower and part of the airport Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1899x1224, 397 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International Airport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner...

IATA: KUL – ICAO: WMKK
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Malaysia Airports (Sepang) Sdn Bhd
Location Sepang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Elevation AMSL 71 ft / 21 m
Coordinates 2°44′44″N 101°42′35″E / 2.74556, 101.70972
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14L/32R 13,530 4,124 Concrete
14R/32L 13,288 4,056 Concrete

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (IATA: KUL, ICAO: WMKK) commonly known as KLIA is one of Asia's major aviation hubs, along with Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport, Hong Kong International Airport and Singapore Changi Airport. It is also Malaysia's main international airport. It is situated in Sepang district, in the south of the state of Selangor, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the capital city, Kuala Lumpur. Built at a cost of some US$3.5 billion, KLIA was opened on 27 June 1998. An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Malaysia Airports Bhd is a Malaysian airport company who manages most of the airports in Malaysia. ... Kuala Lumpurs landmark, the PETRONAS Twin Towers Kuala Lumpur (Jawi:كوالا لمبور) is the largest city in Malaysia and the capital of the federation. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... This article is about the construction material. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Departure screen at Suvarnabhumi Structure at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai: ),(IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ... Changi Airport redirects here. ... Sepang is a district located in the southern part of the state of Selangor in Malaysia. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Kuala Lumpur International Airport is capable of handling 35 million passengers and 1.2 million tonnes of cargo a year in its current phase. It is currently ranked as the 29th busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic in 2007, behind Los Angeles International Airport and one of Asia's busiest airport where it has handled 24,129,748 passengers in the year of 2006, a 5.9% increase over 2005 fiscal year. In the same year, Kuala Lumpur International Airport has handled 677 446 metric tonnes of cargo or 3.6% increase in volume over year 2005. The increase in cargo volume made Kuala Lumpur International Airport entry to being one of the busiest airport by cargo traffic, ranked 30th among all other airports.[1] The following is a list of the worlds busiest airports by international passenger traffic. ... LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... The thirty worlds busiest airports by cargo traffic for various periods (data provided by Airports Council International). ...


The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports (MAHB) Sepang Sdn Bhd and is the airline hub or home base for Malaysia Airlines, MASkargo, AirAsia and AirAsia X. KLIA is also the stopover point for the kangaroo route for Malaysia Airlines, as well as KLM. KLM operates the kangaroo route by feeding European passengers in Kuala Lumpur International Airport to Australia and New Zealand on Malaysia Airlines operated flights. Jetstar, the low cost offshoot of Australia's Qantas is also considering making Kuala Lumpur International Airport as their hub for long haul flights.[2] Malaysia Airports Bhd is a Malaysian airport company who manages most of the airports in Malaysia. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Malaysia Airlines Kargo () is a cargo division of Malaysia Airlines and commercially known as MASkargo. ... For the Taiwanese aircraft service company, see Air Asia (Taiwan). ... AirAsia X, is a new long haul budget airline operated by AirAsia X Sdn. ... The Kangaroo Route is a term trademarked by Qantas[1] to denote passenger airline flights between Australia and the United Kingdom, via the Eastern Hemisphere. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... For the aircraft, see Lockheed JetStar. ... Qantas Airways Limited (IPA: ) is the national airline of Australia. ...


Kuala Lumpur International Airport is serving Klang Valley Metropolitan Region, Greater Klang Valley, Shah Alam, Malacca, Selangor and South Perak. With the large catchment area, the airport became one of the key economic strength for the nation, where it is well connected expressways to all parts of Malaysia, some of the highly industralized areas like Shah Alam and the information and communications technology hub, Multimedia Super Corridor. It is one of the important component in the economy of Malaysia as the airport is the main import-export center for the country. Klang Valley is the area in central Selangor, Malaysia comprising Kuala Lumpur and its surroundings and suburbs naturally delineated by hilly areas and the Port Klang coastline. ... This article is about Shah Alam, the capital city. ... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... For other uses, see Perak (disambiguation). ... This article is about Shah Alam, the capital city. ... Situated in Malaysia, the Multimedia Super Corridor is a Government designated zone, designed to leapfrog Malaysia into the information and knowledge age. ...


The IATA airport code, KUL was inherited from the previous international gateway for Malaysia, Subang International Airport, which currently handles only turboprop aircraft. The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport (ICAO airport code: SZB) is an airport located in Subang Jaya, Malaysia. ...

Contents

History

Satellite Terminal
Satellite Terminal

The planning of KLIA began in 1990 when the government decided that the existing Subang International Airport (now Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport) could not handle future demand. Malaysia's Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad was a prime driver behind the project, which was seen as an important component of the Multimedia Super Corridor. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 502 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 502 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport (ICAO airport code: SZB) is an airport located in Subang Jaya, Malaysia. ... Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad () was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia. ... Situated in Malaysia, the Multimedia Super Corridor is a Government designated zone, designed to leapfrog Malaysia into the information and knowledge age. ...


The decision was controversial. The location, over 51 km from Kuala Lumpur, was viewed as inconvenient; the cost ballooned from original estimates; critics alleged that, contrary to the government's assertions, Subang could still be expanded. Indeed, work on Subang continued simultaneously with KLIA's construction. Subang's new Terminal 3 was opened in December 1993 and Terminal 2 was refurbished in 1995, only three years before KLIA's opening.


With the airport site spanning 100 km², it is one of the largest airport sites in the world. It is built on a piece of agricultural land and required no demolition of private property. The master plan of Kuala Lumpur International Airport involves constructing five runways, and two terminals accompanied by two satellite terminals for each terminal over three phases. Phase One development includes constructing one main terminal accompanied by one satellite terminal that is enough to accommodate 25 million passengers and dual full service runways. Under the implementation of Phase One, sixty contact piers, twenty remote parking bays with eighty aircraft parking positions, four maintenance hangars and fire stations will be built. Implementation of phase two and three will be expansions of the airport to include increasing number of passengers. Ultimately, the airport will be able to handle 100 million passengers per annum once all three phases are implemented..[3]


With the workforce of 25,000 workers working 24 hours a day, the airport was built within four and half years. The airport was officially inaugurated on June 27, 1998, a week ahead of Hong Kong International Airport, but flights were shifted from Subang only three days later on June 30. The first domestic arrival was Malaysia Airlines's MH1263 from Kuantan (Kuantan Airport) at 7.10am and first international passenger jet arrival was Malaysia Airlines's MH188 from the Maldives at 7.30am.[4] is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ... Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport (ICAO airport code: SZB) is an airport located in Subang Jaya, Malaysia. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ...

Check-in counters
Check-in counters

The inauguration of the airport was marked with problems. Aerobridge and bay allocation systems broke down, queues formed throughout the airport, and baggage handling broke down, with lost bags and waits of over five hours.[5] Most of these issues were sorted out eventually, but the baggage handling system continued to be plagued with problems, and it was finally put up for a new complete replacement tender in 2007. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1474 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International Airport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1474 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International Airport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner...


The airport also had to contend with the East Asian financial crisis, SARS and Bird Flu Epidemic (Avian Flu) which decimated passenger traffic in Malaysia and the region. Passenger growth was negative during the financial crisis and airlines that had started flights to KLIA including All Nippon Airways, British Airways, Lufthansa and Northwest Airlines, terminated their services due to unprofitability. The first phase of the airport was designed with a capacity of 25 million passengers per year but on the first full year of operations in 1999, it saw only 13.2 million.[6] However, traffic did eventually increase with 21.1 million passengers recorded in 2004 and 23.2 million in 2005 — although this, too, fell short of the original estimate of 25 million by the year 2003. The East Asian financial crisis was a period of economic unrest that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ... Sars may refer to any of the following: Severe acute respiratory syndrome, commonly abbreviated as SARS Michael Sars, a Norwegian biologist, father of Georg Sars Georg Sars, a Norwegian biologist, son of Michael Sars Special Administrative Regions, commonly abbreviated as SARs Sars, Perm Krai, an urban settlement in Perm Krai... Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the Influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species. ... For the H5N1 subtype generating the concern see H5N1. ... All Nippon Airways Co. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (second is Air France - KLM), and the flag carrier of Germany. ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ...


The name Kuala Lumpur International Airport was previously used as an alternative name for the Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport (SZB) in Subang. Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport (ICAO airport code: SZB) is an airport located in Subang Jaya, Malaysia. ... Subang is a small town in Petaling district in Selangor, Malaysia. ...


Expansion and Developments

Plans

KLIA Aeropolis Masterplan
KLIA Aeropolis Masterplan

Under the new Kuala Lumpur International Airport Masterplan, a new runway and a new satellite building will be constructed to accommodate the increasing number of passengers. The airport Phase 2 development plan is to handle 40 million (5 Million) passengers per year by 2008 with the expansion of low cost carrier terminal. For phase 3, the airport will expand to handle 75 million (35 million) passengers per annum with the construction of a new satellite terminal and replacement of current low cost carrier terminal with a new low cost carrier terminal that capable of handling 30 million passengers alone. Phase 4, the airport will be capable to 130 million passengers per annum by 2020.


With the slight modification of the masterplan, the future Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be combined into one satellite terminal. The expansion of Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be exactly the same as Terminal 1's satellite terminal, where initially the satellite terminal will have four arms, and another four arms when the terminal reached its capacity. There is sufficient land and capacity to develop facilities to handle up to 130 million passengers a year, five runways by the year 2020 and two mega-terminals, each linked with satellite terminals. The airport's vicinity will include hiking trails for jet-lagged travelers, golf courses, convention center, a theme park, a shopping center, hotels, and a wetlands nature preserve. Sepang International Circuit, which hosts Formula 1 and MotoGP races, is also nearby. There has also been a proposal for a monorail link to the F1 circuit. The development plan is due to be ready by April 2008.[7] The Sepang F1 International Circuit is the venue used for the Formula One Malaysian Grand Prix, A1 Grand Prix as well as the MotoGP Malaysian Grand Prix. ... Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ... Grand Prix motorcycle racing refers to the premier categories of motorcycle road racing. ... The Sepang F1 International Circuit is the venue used for the Formula One Malaysian Grand Prix, A1 Grand Prix as well as the MotoGP Malaysian Grand Prix. ...


In November 2006, the Malaysian government announced that it had approved in principal the construction of a rail link between the main terminal building and the low cost carrier terminal. Construction is scheduled to begin in 2007. There were however no details of which company would carry out the project, nor was there an indication that it would be directly connected to the existing airport high-speed train Express Rail Link Screenshot of www. ...

LCCT Extension and New LCCT

With an increasing number of passengers using the Low Cost Carrier Terminal, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad (MAHB), the company managing KLIA has approved Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) expansion beginning early 2007 to accommodate more passengers as the current LCCT is nearly in full capacity. The expansion of LCCT also shows the support for launch of Malaysia's first long haul low cost carrier, AirAsia X by making the terminal able to accommodate wide-bodied aircraft that are used by AirAsia X[8] However, the Low Cost Carrier Terminal is a temporary solution for budget travellers, MAHB has submitted a proposal to the Transport Ministry to build a new, permanent LCC hub in between the main terminal building and satellite building A to replace the present Low Cost Carrier terminal.[9] Malaysia Airports Bhd is a Malaysian airport company who manages most of the airports in Malaysia. ... AirAsia X, is a new long haul budget airline operated by AirAsia X Sdn. ...


The airport operator has announced that the construction works for the extension of LCCT will begin in March 2008 and expected to complete by December 2008. The capacity for the LCCT will increase from 10 million passengers a year to 15 million passengers a year. A proposal for a more permanent building to house a new LCCT has been submited and expected to have a capacity for 30 million passengers a year. It is also expected that the new LCCT will be completed by 2011 to 2012[10]. It is expected that the current LCCT will be converted in to a cargo hub once the new terminal is completed.[11] The RM124 million LCCT expansion project tender was won by Fajarbaru Builder Group Bhd and construction work is expected to begin immediately.[12]


The airport operator has announced that the construction of a permanent LCCT will commence sometime in 2008 although the site has yet to be finalized. It is expected that the permanent LCCT will have a design capacity of 30 to 35 million passengers per annum.[13]


A380 Upgrades

The operator of Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad, had spend about RM135 million (approx US$39 million) to upgrade facilities at the KL International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang to accommodate the Airbus A380. Upgrading works started on April 3, 2006 and was completed by May 28, 2007. Works include the provision of shoulders on both sides of the two existing runways of 15 meters as well as the taxiways, building additional aerobridges at the three departure halls, namely C17, C27 and C37, and enhancing the mezzanine lounges for upper deck passengers of the aircraft at the departure halls.[14] The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Operations and infrastructure

Design

The concept of KLIA's terminal building area was prepared by the late Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa. The terminal building area was designed using the concept of Airport in the forest, forest in the airport, in which it is surrounded by green space. This was done with the co-operation of the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia. An entire section of rain forest was transplanted from the jungle and put in the satellite building. Entrance to the Nagoya City Art Museum The Nakagin Capsule Tower Kurokawa Kisho (In Japanese, family name first: 黒川 紀章, Kurokawa, Kisho)(b. ...


The airport is designed to handle up to 100 million passengers per year. It has colour coded signage in Malay, English, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic and an automated people mover and travelators to allow easy movement in the airport. A KLIA AeroTrain awaiting passenger at one of the KLIAs terminals. ... An inclined moving sidewalk at Beaudry metro station in Montreal A moving sidewalk, moving walkway, travelator, travellator or trav-o-lator is a slow speed conveyor belt to transport people; they can walk along it or stand; it is like a horizontal escalator. ...


The runways and buildings cover an area of 100 square kilometres. With its 75 ramp stands, it is capable of handling 120 aircraft movements at a time. There are 216 check-in counters, arranged in six check-in aisles. The airport is the first in the world to use the Total Airport Management Systems (TAMS). Total Airport Management System is an integerated airport management system which is now being used in Kuala Lumpur International Airport. ...


Air traffic control tower

The iconic KLIA Control Tower
The iconic KLIA Control Tower

There are two air traffic control towers at Kuala Lumpur International Airport: the main control tower and apron control tower. The main control tower is 130 meters tall and is the second tallest air traffic control tower in the world, after Suvarnabhumi Airport's control tower. Shaped like an Olympic torch, it houses the air traffic control systems and radar equipment. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1920 × 2560 pixel, file size: 951 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1920 × 2560 pixel, file size: 951 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International... For the Canadian musical group, see Air Traffic Control (band). ... Departure screen at Suvarnabhumi Structure at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai: ),(IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. ... The olympic flame at the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics The Olympic Flame or Olympic Fire is a symbol of the Olympic Games. ...


The 55 meter apron control tower is responsible for the provision of Air Traffic Service to aircraft and vehicles movement in the northern and southern parts of the Satellite Terminal building and the cargo apron areas.


Air Traffic Control frequencies:

  • Lumpur Clearance Delivery - 126.00 MHz
  • Lumpur Ground - 121.65 MHz, 121.80 MHz, 229 MHz
  • Lumpur Tower - 118.50 MHz, 118.80 MHz, 229 MHz
  • Lumpur Approach - 119.45 MHz, 124.20 MHz 125.1 MHz, 230.0 MHz, 232.2 MHz
  • ATIS - 126.45 MHz

Automatic Terminal Information Service, or ATIS, is a continuous broadcast of recorded noncontrol information in busier terminal (i. ...

Runways

KLIA has two parallel runways, 14L/32R and 14R/32L, both are over 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) long and 75 metres (250 ft) wide. The length of Runway 14R/32L is 4,056 metres (13,310 ft) while Runway 14L/32R is 4,124 metres (13,530 ft) long. Each runway also has 10 taxiways exit with the taxi time ranging from 2 minutes to 11 minutes. The two full-service runways can handle 120 movements per hour when one runway handles taking off and one runway handles landing. Each runway is also equipped with one completely parallel taxiway with a second parallel taxiway. Unlike airports in temperate countries which often have low visibilty as low as 200 metres (660 ft) that requires higher Instrument Landing System category to guide landing of an aircraft, the airport has CAT II Precision Landing ILS to guide landing aircraft safely under all weather conditions with visibility as low as 350 metres (1,100 ft). The runways at KLIA are able to accommodate the Airbus A380. Future expansion of the KLIA Master Plan includes the addition of another two runways and one optional runway. A runway is a strip of land on an airport, on which aircraft can take off and land. ... A taxiway is a strip of land on an airport on which aircraft can roll (taxi) to or from a hangar, terminal, runway, or other facility. ... The Localizer station at Hanover/Langenhagen International Airport in Hanover, Germany. ... The Localizer station at Hanover/Langenhagen International Airport in Hanover, Germany. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ...


Baggage handling system (BHS)

KLIA's conveyor belts
KLIA's conveyor belts

KLIA's baggage handling system features baggage common check-in at any of the 216 counters on a 24-hour basis and incorporates automatic bar-code sorting control, 4 level in-line baggage security screening and high speed conveyor belts. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ...


The BHS was built by Toyo Kanetsu and in 2006 a contract to extend the system from the satellite building to the ERL (Express Rail Link) platform in the Main Terminal Building was awarded to Siemens. The new system from Siemens will transport baggage between the two terminals at speeds of up to 36 km per hour, compared to the previous rate of 7.2 km per hour. The new system uses a high-speed tray conveyor system in which bags are placed on individual trays for better control and tracking at high speed compared to conventional belt conveyors enables the baggage to be checked-out in KL Sentral once the operator of KLIA Express, ERL Berhad introduce the new facility.[15]. Siemens has the following uses: Siemens is a German family name carried by generations of the telecommunications industrialists, including Werner von Siemens, Sir William Siemens, Wilhelm von Siemens and Peter von Siemens Siemens AG is a German electrical and telecommunications company, founded as a telegraph equipment manufacturer by Werner von... Kuala Lumpur Sentral is the central railway station of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. ...


Baggage is handled by two companies, namely Malaysia Airlines and Kuala Lumpur Airport Services (KLAS). The Malaysia Airlines System handles most airlines landing at KLIA whereas KLAS also handles the remaining airlines. Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ...


IATA had agreed to facilitate the usage of RFID tags between KL International Airport and Hong Kong Airport after the launch of the world's smallest multiband RFID chip in Kuala Lumpur. KLIA will be the second airport to use RFID[16] The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... An EPC RFID tag used for Wal-Mart Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. ...


The RFID baggage tagging trial between Kuala Lumpur International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport is completed. Baggage tags are being issued at both Malaysia Airlines and Cathay Pacific check-in counters. The trial was delayed due to problems obtaining printers. Furthermore, KLIA is now awaiting reports from IATA which scheduled to be released first quarter of 2008.[17] An EPC RFID tag used for Wal-Mart Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders. ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Cathay Pacific, full name Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (SEHK: 0293) (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is an airline based in Hong Kong, operating scheduled passenger and cargo services to 120 destinations worldwide. ...


Some of the facilities of the baggage handling system include:

  • 8 short-term car park baggage check-in counters
  • 8 bus and train stations baggage check-in counters
  • 3 stage baggage security screening system
  • Early check-in baggage storage (1,200 bags capacity)
  • 17 baggage reclaim carousels together with LCCT
  • 33 km total length of conveyor belts
  • Part of the belts travel through a 1.1 km tunnel from the Main Terminal Building to the Satellite Building

Fire and rescue

Operations and Statistics
Operational statistics[18]
Passenger movements
1998 6,524,405 2003 17,454,564
1999 13,172,635 2004 21,058,572
2000 14,732,876 2005 23,213,926
2001 14,538,831 2006 24,570,385
2002 16,398,230 2007 26,938,970
Airfreight movements in tonnes (tons)
1998 156,641 2003 586,195
1999 417,068 2004 651,747
2000 510,594 2005 653,654
2001 440,864 2006 677,446
2002 527,124 2007 649,197
Aircraft movements
1998 64,123 2003 139,590
1999 116,589 2004 164,483
2000 109,925 2005 182,537
2001 113,590 2006 183,869
2002 127,952 2007 193,982

Airport Fire and Rescue Services (AFRS) are provided to cope with aircraft accidents. There are two fire stations at the airport, which are: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1524x1144, 742 KB) Summary Photo taken by me (Euchiasmus) in the departure lounge at KLIA before boarding, October 2005. ...

  • Fire Station 1, built on 170,000 sq ft (16,000 m²) has total floor area of 11,400 sq ft (1,060 m²) with steel structures consisting of 2 floors.
  • Fire Station 2, built on 60,500 sq ft (5,620 m²) has total floor area of 12,900 sq ft (1,200 m²) with steel structures consisting of 2 floors.

Both fire stations are equipped with fire and emergency rescue equipments. There are total of 7 Ultra Large Foam Tender, Ziegler 8-(8x8) vehicles costing RM 3.8 million each, 1 Command and control, 1 Turntable ladder, 1 First-aid vehicle, 2 Water tenders, 1 Officer-in-charge vehicle, and 1 Rescue tender in use for both fire stations.


Kuala Lumpur International Airport is the world's second airport to be equipped with explosive goods diffusion chamber, after Munich International Airport. Diffusion of highly explosive goods can be made safely in these two chambers which cost about RM 1.6 million each. Munich International Airport (IATA: MUC, ICAO: EDDM), officially named Franz Josef Strauss International Airport (German: Flughafen München Franz Josef Strauß) is located 17. ...


Air cargo

The KLIA Advance Cargo Center covers 108 acres (0.4 km²) of land and can handle one million tonnes of cargo per annum, with the capability to expand to 3 million tonnes/year. The center is designed as an integrated transshipment hub within a Free Commercial Zone. Fueled by high economic growth in the South East Asian countries and China, the airport handled 672,888 tonnes of air cargo in 2006, a 5.9% growth over the 2005 fiscal year.


Applying new information technologies, the main operator of the center, MASKargo introduced various artificial intelligence systems to handle cargo such as KLIA Community System (KLIACS) and e-Invoicing and Payment. It pioneered the DagangNET System, allowing users to conduct trade declarations and applying permits over the internet and speeding the approval process by controlling authorities. These systems will be linked the Total Airport Management System. Malaysia Airlines Kargo () is a cargo division of Malaysia Airlines and commercially known as MASkargo. ... AI redirects here. ...


Kuala Lumpur International Airport one of the world's busiest airports by cargo traffic in 2006 Airports Council International statistics. The thirty worlds busiest airports by cargo traffic for various periods (data provided by Airports Council International). ...


Animal hotel

Main article: Animal Hotel

The animal hotel is operated by Malaysia Airlines's cargo arm, MASKargo. The hotel manages all imports, exports and stop-over transhipments that are related to animals, and offers a pets stay-in program where owners can leave their pets to in the hotel while they are away for vacations. Malaysia Airlines Kargo () is a cargo division of Malaysia Airlines and commercially known as MASkargo. ... Malaysia Airlines Kargo () is a cargo division of Malaysia Airlines and commercially known as MASkargo. ... International trade is the exchange of goods and services across international borders. ... Economics In economics, an export is any good or commodity, shipped or otherwise transported out of a country, province, town to another part of the world, typically for use in trade or sale. ... Transshipment is the shipment of goods to an intermediate destination, and then from there to yet another destination. ...


Security and security surcharges

The airport's security comes under the purview of the Polis Bantuan Malaysia Airports Berhad or Malaysia Airports Berhad Auxiliary Police. They are trained at Malaysia Airport Training Centre (MATC), Penang. Since the September 11, 2001 attacks, airport security has been increased with more stringent checks at security checkpoints, and upgrading to more sophisticated x-ray equipment and surveillance systems. The auxiliary policemen in KLIA wear the same blue uniform and insignia as their counterparts in PDRM, which is a common practice among the auxiliary police corp in Malaysia. The only difference is that they wear a shoulder patch with the Malaysia Airports Berhad company logo with the wordings Polis Bantuan or Auxiliary Police embroidered under it. A security surcharge has been introduced to bear part of the cost. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


In view of the heightened security alert at airports in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US), security screening checks have been stepped up on passengers and their hand luggage, as well as for checked-in luggage on flights bound for destinations in the UK and the US from Kuala Lumpur International Airport.[19]


International and domestic travelers departing the airport must pay RM 6 for international departures and RM 3 for domestic departures levied by the airport operator, Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad. The surcharge will be collected as part of the cost of tickets[20].

Ground Handling of an KLM Combi 747
Ground Handling of an KLM Combi 747

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ...

Aircraft maintenance

There are four hangars housing facilities to provide aircraft maintenance provided by Malaysia Airlines and Kuala Lumpur Airport Service (KLAS). The airport also has a hangar which is purposely built for the A380, the first in South East Asia. The construction of the hangar was completed in 2007. [21] A cutaway diagram of a hangar. ... Aircraft Maintenance is the technology related to the actions required to maintain (or improve) the airworthiness and the designed-in reliability of an aircraft and its systems, subsystems, and components throughout the life-cycle of the aircraft. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... A cutaway diagram of a hangar. ... The Airbus A380 manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. is a double-decker, four engined airliner capable of flying 800 passengers in a high density format or 555 passengers in a typical three-class configuration. ...


Meteorological services

The Aeronautical Meteorological Station (AMS) is located near Runway 14R-32L which provides weather information for the aviation community in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization standards. AMS constantly make weather observations and issues aerodrome warnings on adverse weather for protection of aerodrome facilities and aircraft on the ground. The AMS houses a Meteorological Data Processing System (MDPS) for weather data collection, processing, storage and analytical needs. The MDPS is composed of various meteorological processing components such as radar, workstation, servers, satellite systems and briefing terminals. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ...


Terminals

The Passenger Terminal Complex (PTC) was built with an emphasis on allowing natural light into the building. Thus, there is a huge expanse of glass throughout the building, and the spectacular roof has cut-outs for natural light to filter in. The PTC comprises three buildings - the Main Terminal Building, the Satellite Building and the Contact Pier. Besides the 80-room hotel at the Satellite Building, there is a 450-room 5-star Pan Pacific KLIA hotel a 5-10 minute (indoor) walk away. Regular (free) buggy services are also available to the Pan Pacific. Shopping spots are available in an area encompassing 85,000 square metres. Currently, the retail space at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport stands at 63,644 square metres (685,060 sq ft). The airport operator plans to increase the retail space to 103,251 square metres (1,111,380 sq ft), an 62.2% increase in retail space. Malaysia Airports's retail arm Eraman will boost retail shops to 277 from 242 and add more food and beverage outlets to 99 from 88 presently.[22] Malaysia Airports Bhd is a Malaysian airport company who manages most of the airports in Malaysia. ...


Main terminal building and contact pier

The Main Terminal Building of KLIA from side
The Main Terminal Building of KLIA from side

The Main terminal building or Terminal 1 is located in between the two runways. The building consist of 39 square roof units, which enables future expansion of the building. There are a total of 216 check-in counters, located in 6 different islands, identified by the letters A – M (excluding I). Multi check-in services are available, designed for the use of all passengers arriving, departing or in transit. There are 61 and 69 immigration counters for departing and arriving passengers respectively, 16 transfer counters and 32 customs counters as well as 12 baggage carousels (10 for international passengers and 2 for domestic passengers). On 2 February, 2007, Malaysia Airports introduces 12 integrated self check-in kiosks (CUSS) for passengers. The first airline to use that system is KLM. [23]A further 24 kiosks will be added later by the airport operator[24] [25] Malaysia Airports Bhd is a Malaysian airport company who manages most of the airports in Malaysia. ... Cuss may stand for: an English word meaning curse (see profanity). ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ...


The contact pier is the rectangular shaped terminal that is connected to the Main Terminal Building which serves as the domestic terminal of KLIA. It is currently the preferred terminal for Malaysia Airlines' domestic flights, however, it no longer caters the low-cost carriers' departing and arriving passengers. At the north side of the pier, it can only accommodate narrow-bodied aircraft. In contrast, the south side of the contact pier can accommodate B737 and B747 or similar sized aircraft. Due to its length,in order to facilitate passenger movement around the airport, travellators are installed around the contact pier. Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... 737 in new Boeing Colors. ... The Boeing 747, which is also known as the jumbo jet, is the largest passenger airliner in service. ...


Facilities within the terminal include ATMs, a fitness center, quiet rooms, smoking rooms, healthcare service, airline lounges, a featured display area which showcases KLIA's history and also information counters and an electronic information kiosk. The Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad derives 65% of its total annual revenue from non-aeronautical sources, with 35% from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts.There were plans to increase and maximize the Main Terminal Building's and Contact Pier's retail area however, the plan was postponed due to Visit Malaysia Year 2007.[26].


The gates in Main Terminal Building's contact pier has alphabelth prefix of A, B, G and H.


For airlines serving the terminal see Passenger Terminals For other uses, see Kuala Lumpur International Airport (disambiguation). ...


Satellite terminal A

Interior of the Satellite Terminal.
Interior of the Satellite Terminal.

The 143,404 square metres (1,543,590 sq ft) satellite building accommodates international flights departing and arriving at KLIA. Passengers have to travel to the satellite building via the Aerotrain. There are wide array of duty-free shops and prestige brand boutiques in the satellite building. This includes international brands such as Burberry, Harrods, Mont Blanc, Salvatore Ferragamo and recently, Mango has opened its first boutique at an airport in the Asian region. Among all international labels available within the terminal, some boutiques such as Harrods are only available in the airport. Liquor and perfumes are particularly popular, accounting for over half of total retail sales, followed by watches and tobacco products[citation needed]. Restaurants that serve various cuisine are also available with the presence of quite a number of restaurants such as Burger King, Rimba Jungle Cafe', Delifrance, Starbucks Coffee, Domé Café and more. Furthermore, Satellite Terminal A also houses the Airside Transit Hotel and some of the international airlines' lounges such as China Airlines' Dynasty Lounge, Malaysia Airlines' Golden Lounge for international passengers and Singapore Airlines' Silver Kris Lounge. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (768x920, 278 KB)[edit] Summary Taken September 2006 by Colin Chia. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (768x920, 278 KB)[edit] Summary Taken September 2006 by Colin Chia. ... Burberry is a British luxury fashion house, manufacturing clothing and other apparel. ... Harrods is a department store on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London, England. ... This article is about the Alpine mountain. ... Salvatore Ferragamo (June 5, 1898 - August 7, 1960) was an Italian footwear designer of the 20th century, providing Hollywoods glitterati and many others with unique hand-made designs and spawning an emporium of luxury consumer goods for men and women, with stores in some of the most important cities... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Harrods is a department store on Brompton Road in Knightsbridge, London, England. ... Spirits redirects here. ... For the book Perfume by Patrick Süskind, see Perfume (book). ... Burger King (NYSE: BKC), often abbreviated to BK, is a global chain of hamburger fast food restaurants. ... Délifrance Logo Délifrance is a bakery company that serves French bakery products in over 50 countries on 5 continents. ... For other uses of Starbuck, see Starbuck. ... Dome Coffee is a chain of café restaurants and franchises based in Perth, Australia. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ...


Within the terminal, wireless internet (Wifi) are provided free of charge. The terminal also has prayer rooms, showers and massage service. Various lounge areas are provided, some including children's play areas and movie lounge, broadcasting movie and sport channels such as Star Movies.[27] The terminal also features a natural rainforest in the middle of the terminal, exhibiting the Malaysian forests. Wi-Fi (or Wi-fi, WiFi, Wifi, wifi), short for Wireless Fidelity, is a set of standards for wireless local area networks (WLAN) currently based on the IEEE 802. ... A screenshot of Star Movies Taiwan STAR Movies is an Asian movie channel owned by STAR TV. It features movies from American film companies such as Disney, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Miramax Films, MGM, Universal Pictures, Canal Plus and other movie distributors. ... The Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia. ...


Under Malaysia Airports Berhad retail optimisation plan, the retail space in satellite terminal A will be further optimized to increase its revenue derived from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts to 50% by year 2010 which currently stands at 35%. Some notable improvements that will be seen after the refurbishments will be the Jungle Boardwalk which will be the first of its kind in the world and larger mezzanine floor to accommodate F&B outlets and viewing galleries.[28].


The gates in Satellite Terminal A have alphabelth prefix of C.


Low cost carrier terminal

KLIA Low Cost Carrier Terminal.
KLIA Low Cost Carrier Terminal.
A waiting lounge in KLIA's Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT).
A waiting lounge in KLIA's Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT).

The first purpose built Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) was specifically built at KL International Airport to cater to the growing passengers of the low cost airlines, especially the passengers of Malaysia's "no-frills" airline, AirAsia. Construction of the LCC Terminal was on a fast-track basis beginning June 2005 at an approximate cost of RM 108 million. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,272 × 1,704 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,272 × 1,704 pixels, file size: 1. ... For the Taiwanese aircraft service company, see Air Asia (Taiwan). ...


The 35,290 square-meter terminal is designed and built to suit the low cost carrier (LCC) business model that requires only basic terminal amenities. In order to offer lower landing fees, handling fees and airport taxes, it cuts back on amenities such as aerobridges, elaborate physical structures and decorations in the passenger terminal building. There is no transfer facility at the LCCT. Passengers who need to make transfers need to clear immigration, collect their luggage, clear customs, make their way to the main terminal and re-checkin with the respective airline.


The LCCT is located on the opposite side of the apron from the Main Terminal Building, near the air cargo area. By road, the LCCT is about 20 km from the Main Terminal Building.


However, the current Low Cost Carrier Terminal is a temporary solution for the increasing demand of no-frilled airline passengers. Therefore, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad has incorporated the plans to build a new permanent LCC terminal which can accommodate 30 million passengers per annum in the KLIA Aeropolis Development Plan. This airport was the first airport to have separation between normal carriers and low cost carrier.


Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal

Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal, or KL CAT is a virtual extension of Kuala Lumpur International Airport where city check-in services are provided. Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal is recognized by International Air Transport Association which carries IATA designation XKL. Currently there are only 4 airlines providing city check-in services, they are Cathay Pacific, Emirates Airline, Malaysia Airlines and Royal Brunei Airlines. However, the situation is due to be changed as 10 SITA's AirportConnect CUTE (Common Use Terminal Equipment) were installed on 10 check-in desks in KL CAT that enables all airlines to offer city check-in service for their passengers. [29]. Apart from providing check-in services, the virtual terminal operator, Express Rail Link Sdn Bhd which operates KLIA Express is planning to roll out baggage check-out service in January 2008 whereby passengers only collect their baggage and declare taxable items in Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal. [30] “IATA” redirects here. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Cathay Pacific, full name Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (SEHK: 0293) (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is an airline based in Hong Kong, operating scheduled passenger and cargo services to 120 destinations worldwide. ... Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt) is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300 in the take off queue at London Heathrow Airport Royal Brunei Airlines (Malay: Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ﻓﻧﺭﺑﺎڠن ﺩﻴﺮﺍﺝ ﺑﺮﻮﻧﻲ), or RBA, is the flag carrier airline of the Sultanate of Brunei. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ...


Awards & Recognitions

Green Globe Certified Airport

Since its inauguration in year 1998,it has won numerous awards from international organizations around the world such as Skytrax and International Air Transport Association. KLIA has received numerous awards from many independent survey organizations such as : KLIA Awards page Category: ... Skytrax is a United Kingdom-based researching company for commercial airlines. ... “IATA” redirects here. ...


KLIA's commitment to promote environment responsibility for all local and foreign travellers was recognized by Green Globe, which is the first and only airport in the world to receive Green Globe 21 certificate in year 2004 onwards.[31]


Since its inauguration on 27 June 1998, the airport has won awards. With its continuous effort to provide excellent services to passengers, the airport has emerged as one of the top five airports in the world. is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 2007, KLIA was rated the best airport in the world for 15-25 million passengers with Third Best Airport in Asia Pacific and Worldwide for the year of 2006. The award was organised by Airports Council International Airport Service Quality (ACI-ASQ)[32]. While in the 2007 Skytrax Airport of the Year awards, it finished fifth behind Hong Kong International Airport, Incheon International Airport, Singapore Changi Airport and Munich Airport.[33] Skytrax is a United Kingdom-based researching company for commercial airlines. ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ... Incheon Airport - Entrance Incheon Airport - Departures Incheon International Airport (IIA) (IATA: ICN, ICAO: RKSI) (Korean: ) is the largest airport in South Korea, and one of the largest and busiest in Asia. ... Changi Airport redirects here. ... Munich International Airport (IATA: MUC, ICAO: EDDM), officially named Franz Josef Strauss International Airport (German: Flughafen München Franz Josef Strauß) is located 28 km (17 mi) northeast of Munich, Germany, and is a hub for Lufthansa and Star Alliance partner airlines. ...


In 2008, KLIA was honored again with the best airport in the world for 15-25 million passengers category n the Airport Council International's (ACI) Airport Services Quality Awards 2007. KLIA also improved its ranking this year for Best Airport Worldwide and Best Airport Asia Pacific by coming in second behind Seoul's Incheon International Airport[34], beating Singapore Changi Airport and Hong Kong International Airport which are the leaders in service excellency.[35] Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Incheon Airport - Entrance Incheon Airport - Departures Incheon International Airport (IIA) (IATA: ICN, ICAO: RKSI) (Korean: ) is the largest airport in South Korea, and one of the largest and busiest in Asia. ... Changi Airport redirects here. ... Chek Lap Kok Airport Traditional Chinese: Simplified Chinese: Hong Kong International Airport (IATA: HKG, ICAO: VHHH) is the main airport in Hong Kong. ...


Apart from these, Kuala Lumpur International Airport is the first airport in the world to be accredited with Airport Service Quality (ASQ) Assured certificate from Airports Council International (ACI)[36] Airports Council International (ACI) is the leading international trade group of the worlds commercial aviation industry, based in Geneva, Switzerland. ...


Ground transportation

Inter-terminal transportation

Terminals of Kuala Lumpur International Airport are well connected with KLIA Automated People Mover (Aerotrain), a three-car driverless train that runs on elevated rail and under the taxiways, and also bus system. A KLIA AeroTrain awaiting passenger at one of the KLIAs terminals. ...

Aerotrain station in Satellite Building
Aerotrain station in Satellite Building
Main Terminal Building – LCCT
The LCCT is connected with the Main Terminal Building with a green-coded NadiKLIA bus for RM1.50. The Malaysian government announced in November 2006 that it had approved in principle the construction of a rail link between the Main Terminal Building and LCCT. However, the construction is pending until the new LCCT hub complex is fully constructed by 2010.
Main Terminal Building – Satellite Terminal A
The Main Terminal Building and Satellite Building are connected by Aerotrain at three to five minute intervals. The journey between terminals takes under two minutes, and each 250-person capacity train is able to transport 3,000 passengers per hour per direction with the maximum speed being 56 km/h (35mp/h). This is a complimentary service for all passengers traveling to/from Satellite Terminal

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1404 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International Airport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1404 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International Airport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner...

Rail

Main articles: KLIA Ekspres, KLIA Transit,KLIA ERL station,KL Sentral
Infrastructure
Passenger terminal buildings
Totals (current) (After LCCT Relocation)
Floor area 514,694 m² Unknown m²
Handling capacity 35 million passengers 55 million passengers
Parking bays 46 (aerobridge)
68 (contact)
21 (remote)
LCCT Relocation Plan yet to be unveiled
Main Terminal Building & Contact Pier
Opened 27 June 1998 (operational)
Floor area 336,000 m²
Handling capacity 25 million passengers together with Satellite Terminal A
Parking bays 20 (aerobridge)
23 (remote)
Satellite Terminal A
Opened 27 June 1998 (operational)
Floor area 143,404 m²
Handling capacity 25 million passengers together with Main Terminal Building
Parking bays 26 (aerobridge)
15 (remote)
Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Opened 23 March 2006 (operational)
Floor area 35,290 m²
Handling capacity 10 million passengers (Current)
15 million after LCCT expansion
Parking bays 30
New Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Opened Under Planning
Floor area Under Planning
Handling capacity 30 million
Parking bays Under Planning
Bunga Raya Complex
Opened 27 June 1998 (official)
Floor area
Handling capacity
Parking bays 1

Kuala Lumpur International Airport can be reached by the KLIA Ekspres and the KLIA Transit. KLIA Ekspres provides a non-stop express train service to the KL City Air Terminal (KL CAT) which has an IATA designation XKL, part of the Kuala Lumpur Sentral transportation hub in Kuala Lumpur. The non-stop trip between Kuala Lumpur and KLIA is 57 kilometers and takes exactly 28 minutes. Passengers departing from KL CAT can check in their luggage for flights on Emirates Airline, Cathay Pacific, Royal Brunei Airlines and Malaysia Airlines. Whereas KLIA Transit is a high-speed commuter train service linking Kuala Lumpur Sentral, and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport ERL station. It shares the same tracks as the KLIA Ekspres but with stops at several major stations. Check-in facilities are not available at KLIA Transit stations. Passengers to/from Low Cost Carrier Terminal can reach KLIA ERL station by boarding the Feeder Bus provided. Screenshot of www. ... KLIA Transit is a high-speed commuter train service linking Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA). ... Kuala Lumpur International Airport ERL station or KLIA ERL station is served by Express Rail Link Sdn. ... Kuala Lumpur Sentral is the central railway station of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Screenshot of www. ... KLIA Transit is a high-speed commuter train service linking Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA). ... Screenshot of www. ... Kuala Lumpur Sentral is the central railway station of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... A partial view of Kuala Lumpur Sentral at dusk. ... Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt) is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group. ... Cathay Pacific, full name Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (SEHK: 0293) (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is an airline based in Hong Kong, operating scheduled passenger and cargo services to 120 destinations worldwide. ... Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300 in the take off queue at London Heathrow Airport Royal Brunei Airlines (Malay: Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ﻓﻧﺭﺑﺎڠن ﺩﻴﺮﺍﺝ ﺑﺮﻮﻧﻲ), or RBA, is the flag carrier airline of the Sultanate of Brunei. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... KLIA Transit is a high-speed commuter train service linking Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, and the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA). ... Kuala Lumpur International Airport ERL station or KLIA ERL station is served by Express Rail Link Sdn. ...


Taxis and limousine

Airport taxis or airport limousines are provided by Airport Limo. The taxis and limousines are readily available at the Taxi and Limousine counters. They run from airport itself to destinations in Klang Valley and Greater Klang Valley. The fares are to be paid at the counter and are charged according to the destinations' zone. A surcharge is applied for services between 12 a.m. to 6 a.m. Passengers are advised to refer to Fare Table for further information on charges.


Bus

Price of the tickets are as low as RM9.00 ISO 4217 Code MYR User(s) Malaysia Inflation 2. ...

Service Destination Notes
Airport Coach
Express Coach Kuala Lumpur Sentral
Express Coach Ampang Line, Chan Sow Lin Interchange Station
Semi Express Nilai KTM Station
Triton Bus
Express Coach Ipoh
Express Coach Kuantan
Express Coach Termeloh
KR Travel & Tours
Airport Coach Nilai KTM Station via LCCT
YoYo Bus Service
Express Coach Ipoh
KLIA LCCT Shuttle Bus
SkyBus KL Sentral
KR Travel and Tours Nilai KTM Station
AeroBus KL Sentral
NadiKLIA KLIA Main Terminal building
Star Shuttle Jalan Ipoh - Titiwangsa - Shah Alam - Subang Jaya

A partial view of Kuala Lumpur Sentral at dusk. ... The Ampang Line (AMP) is a light rail transit service for the two routes of the line operating in RapidKL Rail Network. ... Chan Sow Lin LRT station or Chan Sow Lin is an important train interchange in Malaysia between Sri Petaling Line and Ampang Line. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State Establishment Around 1880 Government  - Mayor Mohamad Rafiai Moktar Area  - City 643 km²  (248. ... Kuantan City Coordinates: , Country State Establishment Late 19th century (early formation of township) Area  - City 2,960 km²  (1,143 sq mi) Elevation 21. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State Establishment Around 1880 Government  - Mayor Mohamad Rafiai Moktar Area  - City 643 km²  (248. ... Kuala Lumpur Sentral is the central railway station of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. ... Kuala Lumpur Sentral is the central railway station of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia. ...

Car rental

Cars may be rented 24 hours a day at the car rental counters in the arrival concourse in the main terminal building.


Airlines and destinations

Passenger Terminals

Airplanes at Contact Pier
Airplanes at Contact Pier

As there are international flights operating out from the airport, therefore terminals of the airport are equipped with immigration processing facilities and security scanning for all passengers including domestic passengers. The Satellite terminal handles most of the international flights, while the main terminal building's contact pier handles domestic traffics, regional international flights and international flights routed to other hubs within Malaysia. Malaysia Airlines operate from both terminals, where main terminal building's contact pier is their preferred terminal for domestic flights. Conversely, low cost carries such as AirAsia Group of Airlines, Tiger Airways and Cebu Pacific operates domestic and international flights out from the low cost carrier terminal. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Look up Terminal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... For the Taiwanese aircraft service company, see Air Asia (Taiwan). ... Tiger Airways Private Limited is a low-cost airline based in Singapore, with its primary hub at Singapore Changi Airport. ... Cebu Pacific Air is a low-cost airline based in Pasay City, Manila, the Philippines. ...


The initial passenger growth was below average due to Asian Financial Crisis and the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemic in 2003, where the airport should reach its capacity by 2004 of 25 million passengers per annum (before the inclusion of low cost carrier terminal). The recovery of Malaysia's economy boosted Kuala Lumpur International Airport's passenger movements, which the airport saw stunning growth in traffic, hitting the 25 million passenger mark in 2007. In January 2008, the airport saw an growth of 8.3% in aircraft movements and 7.7% in passenger traffic to 2.17 million in January 2008 from 2.02 million in the same period last year.[37] The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ... SARS redirects here. ...


As of January 2008, 57 airlines serves KLIA: [38]

Airlines that operates flights in and out of Kuala Lumpur International Airport Passenger Terminals
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Arabia
  • Fly Yeti
  • Kathmandu
Satellite Terminal A
AirAsia Alor Star, Bali, Bandar Seri Begawan, Banda Aceh, Bandung, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bintulu, Chiang Mai, Guangzhou, Haikou [begins May 22], Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City [begins April 15], Hong Kong [begins May 15], Jakarta, Johor Bahru, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Kuala Terengganu, Kuantan [begins soon] Kuching, Labuan, Langkawi, Macau, Manila-Clark, Medan-Polonia, Miri, Padang, Palembang, Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sandakan, Shenzhen, Sibu, Siem Reap, Singapore, Solo, Surabaya, Tawau, Yogyakarta, Vientiane Low Cost Carrier Terminal
AirAsia X Dhaka-Charter, Gold Coast, Hangzhou Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Indonesia AirAsia Denpasar/Bali [begins May 15], Bandung, Jakarta, Medan, Padang [begins June 1], Surabaya, Pekanbaru Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Air China Beijing Satellite Terminal A
Air India Delhi, Mumbai
  • Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chennai, Delhi
  • Chennai, Tiruchirapalli[39]
Satellite Terminal A
Air Mauritius Port Louis, Singapore Satellite Terminal A
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka, Singapore Satellite Terminal A
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong¹ Satellite Terminal A
Cebu Pacific Manila Low Cost Carrier Terminal
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan Satellite Terminal A
China Southern Airlines Fuzhou, Guangzhou Satellite Terminal A
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong Satellite Terminal A
EgyptAir Cairo, Mumbai Satellite Terminal A
Emirates Dubai, Jakarta, Singapore Satellite Terminal A
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi Satellite Terminal A
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan Satellite Terminal A
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta Satellite Terminal A
GMG Airlines Dhaka, Chittagong Satellite Terminal A
Gulf Air Bahrain Satellite Terminal A
Hainan Airlines Haikou Satellite Terminal A
Hong Kong Express Airways Hong Kong Satellite Terminal A
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khoemeini Satellite Terminal A
Japan Airlines Osaka-Kansai, Singapore, Tokyo-Narita Satellite Terminal A
Jet Airways Chennai Satellite Terminal A
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore Satellite Terminal A
KLM Amsterdam, Jakarta Satellite Terminal A
Korean Air Jakarta, Seoul-Incheon Satellite Terminal A
Kuwait Airways Kuwait, Jakarta Satellite Terminal A
Lion Air Jakarta, Surabaya Main Terminal-Contact Pier
Lufthansa Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Frankfurt Satellite Terminal A
Mahan Air Iran-Chartered Satellite Terminal A
Malaysia Airlines (section) Alor Star, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Bintulu, Cebu, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City [MH 750 only], Jakarta, Johor Bahru, Kaohsiung [MH86 only], Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuantan, Kuala Terengganu, Kuching, Labuan, Langkawi, Manila [MH702 only], Medan, Miri, Penang, Phuket, Sandakan, Sibu, Singapore, Surabaya, Taipei-Taoyuan [MH68 only], Tawau, Tokyo-Narita [MH80 only], Yangon, Yogyakarta Main Terminal-Contact Pier
Malaysia Airlines (section) Adelaide, Amsterdam, Auckland, Bahrain [seasonal], Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi [MH 782], Beijing, Beirut, Brisbane, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cape Town, Chennai, Colombo, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Dubai, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta [MH 711], Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kaohsiung, Karachi, Kunming, Kuwait [seasonal], Lahore, London-Gatwick [seasonal; begins July 3], London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Macau, Male, Manila, Melbourne, Mumbai, Newark, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Perth, Phnom Penh, Rome-Fiumicino, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Siem Reap, Stockholm-Arlanda, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan [MH 94 only], Tokyo-Narita, Xiamen Satellite Terminal A
Merpati Nusantara Airlines Jakarta, Mataram, Surabaya Satellite Terminal A
Myanmar Airways International Yangon Satellite Terminal A
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu Satellite Terminal A
Oman Air Muscat [Begins May 2008][40] Not Known
Pakistan International Airlines Karachi, Peshawar Satellite Terminal A
Qantas
  • Sydney
Satellite Terminal A
Qatar Airways Denpasar/Bali, Doha Satellite Terminal A
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan Satellite Terminal A
Saudi Arabian Airlines Jakarta, Jeddah, Riyadh Satellite Terminal A
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning, Shenzhen Satellite Terminal A
Singapore Airlines Singapore Satellite Terminal A
SriLankan Airlines Colombo Satellite Terminal A
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi Satellite Terminal A
Tiger Airways Singapore Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Transaero Denpasar/Bali, Moscow-Domodedovo[41] Satellite Terminal A
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent Satellite Terminal A
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City Satellite Terminal A
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Xiamen Satellite Terminal A
Yemenia Dubai, Jakarta, Sanaa Satellite Terminal A

Note: Air Arabia is a low-cost airline based in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates. ... For the Taiwanese aircraft service company, see Air Asia (Taiwan). ... AirAsia X, is a new long haul budget airline operated by AirAsia X Sdn. ... Indonesia AirAsia is a low-cost airline based in Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Categories: Airline stubs | Airlines of Thailand | Low-cost airlines ... Not to be confused with China Airlines, the national airline of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... Air India (Hindi: ) is the national flag carrier of India with a worldwide network of passenger and cargo services. ... Executive class cabin of an Indian Airbus A320 Indian Airlines Limited or Indian (Hindi: ) was Indias state owned primarily domestic airline, under the federal Union Ministry of Civil Aviation and based in New Delhi. ... Air India Express is a spin off from the parent airline Air-India the national airline of India. ... Air Mauritius is the national airline of Mauritius, based in Port Louis. ... Biman Bangladesh Airlines (Bangla:বিমান বাংলাদেশ) is an airline based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. ... Cathay Pacific, full name Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (SEHK: 0293) (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is an airline based in Hong Kong, operating scheduled passenger and cargo services to 120 destinations worldwide. ... Cebu Pacific Air is a low-cost airline based in Pasay City, Manila, the Philippines. ... Not to be confused with Air China, the national airline of Peoples Republic of China. ... China Southern Airlines (中国南方航空公司) (SEHK: 1055, NYSE: ZNH) is an airline based in Guangzhou in the Guangdong province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (Simplified Chinese: ) (SSE: 600115 SEHK: 0670 NYSE: CEA) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... EgyptAir Airlines Company (IATA Code: MS[1]), operating as EgyptAir (Arabic: مصر للطيران, Misr Lel-Tayaran) is the Cairo-based national airline of Egypt. ... Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt) is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group. ... Etihad Airways (Arabic: الإتحاد, ʼal-Ê»itiħād) is the flag carrier of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. ... EVA Air (Chinese:長榮航空 Chángróng Hángkōng) is a Taiwanese airline based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to international destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and North America. ... PT (Persero) Perusahaan Penerbangan Garuda Indonesia, abbreviated to Garuda Indonesia, is the national airline of Indonesia. ... GMG Airlines is an airline based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. ... Gulf Air (Arabic: ) is the flag carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... CHH redirects here. ... Hong Kong Express is also the title of a television drama serie produced by SBS of Korea The Hong Kong Express Airways Limited (港聯航空) is an airline based at Hong Kong International Airport. ... Iran Air(Persian: ) is the flag carrier airline of Iran, based in Tehran. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Jetstar_Airways. ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... Korean Air (formerly Korean Air Lines) (KRXS: 003490) (Korean Air Daehan Hanggong) is the flag carrier airline of Korea, its global headquarters are located in Seoul, Korea. ... Kuwait Airways (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية الكويتية) is the national airline of Kuwait, based in Kuwait City and wholly owned by the Kuwaiti Government. ... A Lion Air aircraft Lion Air is a low-cost airline based in Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (second is Air France - KLM), and the flag carrier of Germany. ... Mahan Air (Persian: ) is a private airline based in Tehran, Iran. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Merpati Nusantara Airlines is an airline based in Indonesia that provides largely domestic and regional flights. ... Myanmar Airways International is the international airline of Myanmar, based in Yangon. ... Nepal Airlines formerly known as Royal Nepal Airlines is an airline based in Kathmandu, Nepal. ... Oman Air (الطيران العماني) is the national airline of Oman. ... Pakistan International Airlines Corporation, more commonly known as Pakistan International Airlines or PIA (Urdu: Ù¾ÛŒ آئی اے يا پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایرلاینز), is the flag carrier airline of Pakistan, based in Karachi. ... Qantas Airways Limited (IPA: ) is the national airline of Australia. ... For the aircraft, see Lockheed JetStar. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ... Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300 in the take off queue at London Heathrow Airport Royal Brunei Airlines (Malay: Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ﻓﻧﺭﺑﺎڠن ﺩﻴﺮﺍﺝ ﺑﺮﻮﻧﻲ), or RBA, is the flag carrier airline of the Sultanate of Brunei. ... Boeing 777-200ER Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... Shenzhen Airlines is a domestic budget airline based in Shenzhen Baoan International Airport, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ... SriLankan Airlines Limited (previously known as Air Lanka) is the national airline of Sri Lanka. ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ... Tiger Airways Private Limited is a low-cost airline based in Singapore, with its primary hub at Singapore Changi Airport. ... JSC Transaero Airlines (Russian: ) or simply Transaero (Russian: ) is an airline based in Moscow, Russia. ... Uzbekistan Airways Boeing 757-200 Uzbekistan Airways (Uzbekistan Havo Yullary) (IATA: HY, ICAO: UZB, and Callsign: Uzbek) is the state airline of Uzbekistan. ... Vietnam Airlines is the national flag carrier of Vietnam, and was established as a state enterprise in April 1989. ... Xiamen Airlines (simplified Chinese: 厦门航空; pinyin: Xiàmén Hángkōng) is the first airline company in Peoples Republic of China run by private individuals, established on July 25, 1984, and based in Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport. ... Yemenia Airbus A310 IN Frankfurt Airport Yemenia - Yemen Airways (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية اليمنية) is the national airline of Yemen, based in Sanaa. ...

  • ¹ Though Cathay Pacific's flight to/from Hong Kong involve a stop in Kuala Lumpur, passengers cannot purchse tickets to fly Cathay Pacific between Penang and Kuala Lumpur.
  • ² Great efforts has been taken to ensure the information of airlines and destination are accurate.

Cathay Pacific, full name Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (SEHK: 0293) (traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is an airline based in Hong Kong, operating scheduled passenger and cargo services to 120 destinations worldwide. ...

Prospective Airlines and Routes

Note: Airline names that are shown in italics shows that the airline is currently serving Kuala Lumpur International Airport. For the Taiwanese aircraft service company, see Air Asia (Taiwan). ... Bangkok Airways Airbus A320 aircraft. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ... For the aircraft, see Lockheed JetStar. ... Kingfisher Airlines Limited is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... Mandala Airlines is an airline based in Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Ocean Airlines is a cargo airline based in Brescia, Italy. ... Pacific Airlines is a low-cost airline based in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. ... Royal Jordanian Airlines (Arabic: الملكية الأردنية; transliterated: al-Malakiyah al-Orduniyah) is an airline based in Amman, Jordan, operating scheduled international services over four continents. ... Royal Khmer Airlines is an airline based in Cambodia. ... Sriwijaya Air is an airline based in Indonesia. ...


Cargo airlines

The following cargo airlines also serve the airport:

Cargolux (Cargolux Airlines International) is a cargo airline based in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. ... China Airlines Boeing 737-800 China Airlines (Chinese: 中華航空公司 (pinyin: Zhōnghuá Hángkōng gōngsÄ«), commonly abbreviated 華航) is the flag carrier of the Republic of China. ... China Eastern Airlines Corporation Limited (中国东方航空股份有限公司) is an airline based in Shanghai, China. ... Coyne Airways is an airline based in London, United Kingdom. ... A DHL Boeing 757 at Cologne/Bonn Airport. ... EVA Air (Chinese:長榮航空 Chángróng Hángkōng) is a Taiwanese airline based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to international destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, and North America. ... The Federal Express was a passenger train operated on the Poughkeepsie Bridge Route. ... Executive class cabin of an Indian Airbus A320 Indian Airlines Limited or Indian (Hindi: ) was Indias state owned primarily domestic airline, under the federal Union Ministry of Civil Aviation and based in New Delhi. ... Japan Airlines Corporation ) (TYO: 9205 ), or JAL, is the largest airline operator in Asia. ... Jet Airways (India) Ltd. ... KLM (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Aviation Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with Air France, KLM was the national airline of the Netherlands and the oldest carrier in the world. ... Korean Air Boeing 747 Korean Air Boeing 747 Korean Air (Korean hangul: 대한 í•­ê³µ; hanja: 大韓航空; revised: Daehan Hanggong; McCune-Reischauer: Taehan Hanggong) KSE: 003490 is the largest airline based in Korea. ... Lufthansa Cargo is the cargo airline subsidiary of Lufthansa based in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Malaysia Airlines Kargo () is a cargo division of Malaysia Airlines and commercially known as MASkargo. ... Nippon Cargo Airlines Boeing 747 at Schiphol Airport (Amsterdam, the Netherlands) in December 2003 Nippon Cargo Airlines (NCA, 日本貨物航空 Nippon Kamotsu Kôkû) is a cargo subsidiary of All Nippon Airways. ... Republic Express is a cargo airliner that based on indoneisa. ... Singapore Airlines Cargo (SIA Cargo), the fully owned subsidiary of Singapore Airlines and incorporated in 1 July 2001, is the worlds third biggest cargo airline in terms of international freight tonne kilometres (FTK). ... Transmile Air Services is an cargo airline based in Malaysia. ... Tri MG is based in Jakarta. ... Old design Royal TPG Post wall box TNT N.V. is a global express and mail delivery services company with headquarters in Hoofddorp, the Netherlands. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ...

Previous users

JSC Aeroflot - Russian Airlines (Russian: ) (MICEX:AFLT RTS:AFLT), or Aeroflot (Russian: ) as the airline is commonly known, is the Russian flag carrier and the largest airline in Russia. ... Air Kazahkstan was an airline based in Kazakhstan. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... Air Macau (Chinese:澳門航空), is an airline based in Macau. ... MyTravel Airlines is the name given to the former Airtours International charter airline together with Premiair and Fly LTI airlines. ... All Nippon Airways Co. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS, Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ... Austrian Airlines AG is the flag carrier airline of Austria, headquartered in Vienna. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... London Heathrow Airport (IATA airport code: LHR, ICAO airport code: EGLL, and often simply Heathrow) is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ... The word Kul has several meanings: Kul Tigin was a Turkic leader in early Middle Ages KUL is also an abbreviation of Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski in Lublin, Poland KUL is also an abbreviation of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Leuven, Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... CSA Czech Airlines (in Czech: ÄŒeské aerolinie (or Czech Airlines) is the Czech national airline company, based in Prague. ... Categories: Airlines of Cambodia | Airline stubs ... Jatayu Airlines (Jatayu Gelang Sejahtera) is an airline based in Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Jat Airways is the national airline of Serbia and the former national carrier of Yugoslavia, based in Belgrade. ... Kyrgyzstan Airlines is the national airline of the former soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan based in Bishkek. ... Lauda Air is an airline based in Vienna, Austria. ... Austrian Airlines AG is the flag carrier airline of Austria, headquartered in Vienna. ... Boeing 737-500 LOT redirects here. ... Middle East Airlines (MEA) (Arabic: طيران الشرق الأوسط), also known by its full name Middle East Airlines Air Liban (Arabic: طيران الشرق الأوسط الخطوط الجوية اللبنانية), is the national flag-carrier airline of Lebanon, based in Beirut. ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ... Philippine Airlines (abbreviated PAL, PSE: PAL), also known historically as Philippine Air Lines, is the national airline of the Philippines. ... Royal Jordanian Airlines (Arabic: الملكية الأردنية; transliterated: al-Malakiyah al-Orduniyah) is an airline based in Amman, Jordan, operating scheduled international services over four continents. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Star Air is a cargo airline based in Karachi, Pakistan. ... Two Thai Sky Airlines Lockheed L-1011 aircraft at Bangkok International Airport Thai Sky Airlines is a charter passenger and cargo airline based in Thailand. ... Turkish Airlines, Inc. ... Union des Transports Aeriens (UTA) (United Transit Airlines in the English language) was a French international airline. ...

Incidents

  • In 2001, a Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 aircraft suffered nose damage as it entered a monsoon drainage ditch while it was being taxied from the hangar to the gate before a return flight to Saudi Arabia. None of the six crew members on board at the time were injured.
  • On July 14, 2007, an aerobridge suddenly shifted downwards, damaging the door of a Malaysia Airlines Airbus A330 bound for Beijing. The aerobridge was not occupied at the time, and no passengers or crew were injured.[61]
  • On October 15, 2007, a Palestinian national managed to hide in the landing nose gear of flight SQ119, flight from KLIA to Changi Airport, Singapore. He was discovered in Singapore as he fell 2.4 meters from nose wheel after the plane landed. Despite the cold thin air during flight, the man survived the trip but was apprehended in Singapore. KLIA authorities has yet to find the cause of the security breach.[62]
  • On April 9, 2008, armed robbers shot six people in a three minute heist and walk away with MYR 3.5 million in cash. The inccident happen at 7.30 pm at Gate 8 while two moneychangers and two security guards were walking towards the gate and was ambushed by six men from a BMW car. Victims were seriously injured but in stable condition.[63]

Boeing 777-200ER Saudi Arabian Airlines (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) is the national airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Changi Airport redirects here. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Myr is often used in geology as a unit of one million years. ... For other uses, see BMW (disambiguation). ...

See also

This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ 30 Busiest Airport in the World. ACI Asia Pacific (July,2007).
  2. ^ KLIA actively bidding to be Jetstar hub (January,2008).
  3. ^ Phases of KLIA (1998).
  4. ^ First Flights of Kuala Lumpur International Airport. Department of Civil Aviation KLIA Branch (1998).
  5. ^ KLIA's opening marked with problems. Lim Kit Siang Media Release (July,1998).
  6. ^ Passengers at Kuala Lumpur Airport up despite fewer airlines. Asian Economic News (6, August 2001).
  7. ^ KLIA to have a Theme Park. The Star. Retrieved on 2001-01-08.
  8. ^ The Star. Once the expansion of LCCT is completed, it will be able to handle 15 million passengers per annum.Upgrade for LCCT next year. November 08,2006
  9. ^ Proposal of new LCC Hub New LCC Hub Proposed. The Star Malaysia. Retrieved on 2007-11-03.
  10. ^ LCCT expansion to begin next month. The Edge Daily. Retrieved on 2008-02-01.
  11. ^ LCCT may become cargo hub when new terminal is up. The Star Online. Retrieved on 2008-02-01.
  12. ^ "Fajarbaru wins RM124m KLIA job", Business Times. Retrieved on 2008-03-25. 
  13. ^ CHOW HOW BAN. "Work on permanent LCCT to start this year", The Star. Retrieved on 2008-04-03. 
  14. ^ MAHB upgrade KLIA to take in A380. NST. Retrieved on 2006-08-16.
  15. ^ Siemens. [httphttp://presszoom.com/story_116507.html Siemens equips Kuala Lumpur Airport with high-speed baggage handling system]. April.
  16. ^ IATA to facilitate usage of RFID in KLIA. The Star. Retrieved on 2007-05-25.
  17. ^ IATA Simplifying the Business Program August 2007 Update. International Air Transportation. Retrieved on 2007-08.
  18. ^ Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad KLIA Operational Statistics
  19. ^ MAHB Annual Report 2005
  20. ^ The Star. High flyer December.
  21. ^ Tronoh to Build First A380 Hangar. Red Orbit.
  22. ^ Non-airport businesses boost MAHB profit. BTimes. Retrieved on 2008-02-29.
  23. ^ KLIA Introduces Integrated Self Check In Kiosks for Benefits of Passengers. Air Transport News.
  24. ^ Self Check In at KLIA. New Straits Times. Retrieved on 21 August 2007.
  25. ^ KLIA partners with SITA to be the first fully integrated Airport in Asia. Retrieved on 21 September 2005.
  26. ^ KLIA retail space due to be optimized. The Star Business. Retrieved on 13 March 2007.
  27. ^ KLIA increase WiFi range. CAPA. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
  28. ^ 9 firms shortlisted for KLIA retail expansion project. NST. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.
  29. ^ All Airlines can now offer city check-in in KL Sentral
  30. ^ KL Sentral to offer check out baggage service
  31. ^ KLIA receives Green Globe 21 Cert. KLIA. Retrieved on 2007.
  32. ^ KLIA Bags 3 Global Awards for year 2006. ACI (2007).
  33. ^ Skytrax Airport of the Year 2007. Skytrax (2008-02-27).
  34. ^ "KLIA - world's best airport for third year running", Business Times. Retrieved on 2008-04-02. 
  35. ^ Airport Service Quality Awards 2007. ACI (2008-02-27).
  36. ^ KLIA First To Get Airport Service Quality Assured Certificate. Bernama News Agency. Retrieved on 12 November 2007.
  37. ^ Passenger Movement At KLIA Up 7.7 Pct In January 2008. Bernama. Retrieved on 2008-03-18.
  38. ^ Jetstar plans to raise KL-S'pore frequency, Number of airlines serving KLIA. NST. Retrieved on 2008-02-16.
  39. ^ Air India to start operations to Kuala Lumpur, Abu Dhabi. India Times. Retrieved on 2008-04-02.
  40. ^ Direct Oman Air flight to Kuala Lumpur in May. Khaleej Times Online. Retrieved on 2 February 2008.
  41. ^ Transaero Winter Schedule
  42. ^ Korean Air to launch budget offshoot in May. FT.com. Retrieved on 2007-11-26.
  43. ^ Bangkok Air Route Map. Bangkok Air. Retrieved on 2007-11-25.
  44. ^ Bangladesh’s Best Air to fly to KL in March. NST. Retrieved on 2008-02-21.
  45. ^ BA Plans to Restart LHR-KUL flights. The Star. Retrieved on 2007-09-26.
  46. ^ Jet Airways flies bigger plane on Malaysia route, Plans to Introduce KUL-BOM route. The Earth Times. Retrieved on 2007-12-30.
  47. ^ Jetstar keen to add new routes. The Star. Retrieved on 2008-02-18.
  48. ^ MAHB expects 70 airlines to fly into KLIA
  49. ^ Mandala Airlines to fly to Malaysia, Singapore
  50. ^ Ocean Airlines Future Destination
  51. ^ Royal Jordanian Plans to Launch 2 South East Asian routes
  52. ^ Royal Khmer Route Map
  53. ^ Indonesia's Sriwijaya Air To Open Malaysia, Singapore Routes
  54. ^ KLIA Annual Report 2006
  55. ^ JAL Cargo Schedule
  56. ^ MasKargo Tashkent
  57. ^ MASKargo Route Map
  58. ^ Fifth freedoms throw open cargo doors
  59. ^ Transmile Routes
  60. ^ Tri MG
  61. ^ Aerobridge at KLIA Breakdown
  62. ^ Red faces over phantom stowaway
  63. ^ "Robbers shoot six at KLIA, flee with RM3.5m", The Star. Retrieved on 2008-04-10. 

Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Star is the leading English-language newspaper in Malaysia. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Gallery

Panoramic view of Main Terminal Building and Contact Pier
Panoramic view of Main Terminal Building and Contact Pier

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2270x377, 170 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International Airport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2270x377, 170 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kuala Lumpur International Airport Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kuala Lumpur International Airport
  • Official airport website
  • Low Cost Carrier (LCC) Terminal - KLIA
  • [1] KLIA LCCT Unofficial Website
  • Kuala Lumpur International Airport travel guide from Wikitravel
  • SkyBus website
  • Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
  • Airport information for WMKK at World Aero Data


  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to KL International Airport (192 words)
KL International Airport is surrounded by four main cities of Kuala Lumpur, Shah Alam, Seremban and Malacca.
The natural environment of the airport is transformed to functions and activities that continue to enhance nature.
KLIA was voted as the World's Best Airport (15-25 million passengers per annum) for two consecutive years, in the 2005 AETRA awards and 2006 ACI-ASQ awards.
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (152 words)
Connections to Kuala Lumpur are possible on the KLIA Express train, via taxis (approximately RM60).
KLIA was inaugurated in 1999, it's slogan being Bringing the World to Malaysia and Malaysia to the World.
The airport is the main hub to Malaysia Airlines, and half of the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore air connection operated by both Malaysia Airlines and Singapore Airlines.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m