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For the Bollywood film of the same name see Kshatriya

Kshatriya (Hindi: क्षत्रिय, kṣatriya from Sanskrit: क्षत्र, kṣatra) is one of the four varnas, or castes, in Hinduism. Traditionally, the ruling or military class belonged to the Kshatriya varna. Lord Ram was a Kshatriya. Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... Also see Kshatriya Kshatriya (aka Warriors) is a 1993 Bollywood film directed by J.P. Dutta. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Varna is a Sanskrit term derived from the root meaning to choose (from a group). ... The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian Subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous, hereditary groups often termed as jātis or sub-castes. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


In ancient Vedic society, a person's varna was assigned based on aptitude (guna), conduct (karma), and nature (swabhava). Over the years, these groups became hereditary. Map of early Iron Age Vedic India after Witzel (1989). ... For the scientific journal Heredity see Heredity (journal) Heredity (the adjective is hereditary) is the transfer of characters from parent to offspring, either through their genes or through the social institution called inheritance (for example, a title of nobility is passed from individual to individual according to relevant customs and...

Contents

Etymology

In Sanskrit, it is derived from kšatra, meaning "dominion, power, government" from a root kšī "to rule, govern, possess". Old Persian xšāyaθiya ("emperor") and xšaθra ("realm") are related to it, as are the New Persian words šāh ("emperor") and šahr ("city", "realm"). The term denotes aristocratic status. Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Sketch of the first column of the Behistun Inscription Old Persian is the oldest attested Persid language. ... “Farsi” redirects here. ... Shah or Shahzad is a Persian term for a monarch (ruler) that has been adopted in many other languages. ...


In the early Vedic civilization, the warrior caste was called rājanya or kšatrīya. The former was an adjectival form of rājan "ruler, king" from a root rāj "to rule", cognate to the Latin rex "king" and the German Reich "empire". In Persia, the satraps, or "kshathrapava", were the governors, or "protectors", of the Persian Empire's provinces. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ...   (IPA: ; German IPA: ), is the German word used most for empire, realm, or nation cognate with Scandinavian rike/rige, Dutch: , Sanskrit: and English: as found in bishopric. ... Look up satrap in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Holy warriors

Lord Sri Krishna with Radha. Krishna, a Kshatriya by birth, is considered an avatar of Vishnu. In the Bhagavad Gita he taught Arjuna about the duty of a Kshatriya.
Lord Sri Krishna with Radha. Krishna, a Kshatriya by birth, is considered an avatar of Vishnu. In the Bhagavad Gita he taught Arjuna about the duty of a Kshatriya.

(duty/justice), their subjects and livestock. They were sanctioned by holy scriptures to govern. The noble king is regarded as a Dharma Raja (Just Ruler) Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (767x1108, 581 KB) Painting of Radha and Krishna from the 1700s. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (767x1108, 581 KB) Painting of Radha and Krishna from the 1700s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Rig Veda states:

praja arya jyotiragrah'. RV, VII. 33.17

People ruled by Aryans (nobles) are led by the Divine light. King Rama of Ayodhya is considered the greatest of the Dharma Rajas: Rama ( in IAST, in DevanāgarÄ«) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ...

arya sarva samascaiva sadaiva priyadarsanah

Noble who worked for the equality of all, was dear to everyone. Rama is also considered an avatar of Vishnu. The Ramayana states:

Like the ancient monarch Manu, father of the human race,
Dasaratha ruled his people with a father's loving grace,

Symbol of Kshatriya

In the initiation rituals, the nyagrodha (Ficus Indica or India Fig/banyan tree) danda, or staff, is assigned to the Kshatriya class. Species Many; see text for examples Banyan (genus Ficus, subgenus Urostigma) is a subgenus of many species of tropical figs with an unusual growth habit. ...

The nyagrodha or banyan tree, (not to be confused with the Peepul Ficus Religiosus or Sacred Fig), with its hanging branch like roots which turn into trunks and can grow to cover acres, was regarded as resembling the Kshatriya. The nyagrodha is the kshatra power of trees, and the Kshatriya is the kshatra power [among humans], for the Kshatriya dwells fastened to the kingdom, and is supported [by it]. The nyagrodha is fastened to the ground by its downward growths, and supported [by it].
  • (Aitereya Brahmana, 7.31; see also Satapatha Brahmana 5.3.5.13)

"The staff made of this wood is given to the Kshatriya initiate with a mantra imparting physical vitality or ojas".

  • (Reflections on Resemblance, Ritual, and Religion; Brian K. Smith)

In the Manu Smriti, or Laws of Manu, the Kshatriya caste is given the Varna (Color) red, to symbolize strength, passion and valor.


Origin

Excerpted from Katha Kalpataru, an ancient treatise from the Vedas:


The Universe, in Hindu mythology, came into being through the yawn of the Adi-Purusha, the eternal One Being.


He then felt it necessary to monitor the universe. So, he created Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva, entrusting them with the preservance and re-creation. These two were the two sides of the same coins, a replica of HIM. The primary job now was that of procreation. Lord Vishnu created Brahma from his navel, an incarnation of none other than Lord Shiva.


Brahma, the procreator, then set about his task of creating the universe. He created the celestial bodies - earth, mountains, water, air and ether - known in Hinduism as Panch Maha Bhuta. He then created Sapta Rishis, seven wise sages who would take ahead the task of infusing life on the earth. An eighth rishi Narad was born, who declared that he was not interested in procreation and renounced his life for the propagation of Knowledge and Bhakti. The seven sages started with what their Father had ordered them. They came to be Known as Prajapatis - propagators of the divine human race. Rishi Kashyap grew to be wiser than the rest and Brahma married him off to Daksh Prajapati's two daughters - Diti and Aditi. Diti turned out to be a scheming and jealous woman always trying to belittle and outdo virtuous Aditi. This quality in her gave rise to a human race with the same inherent qualities and they came to be known as Daityas. Virtuous Aditi gave birth to equally virtuaous and illustrious sons and they came to be known as Adaityas. Sun and Indra were born of Aditi. Hence Sun God is also known as Aditya.


When Brahma was involved in the job of procreation due to toil and perspiration, a negative energy emanated from him. This negative energy took form of Rakshasas - Madhu and Kaitabha, evil and inhuman souls. They started torturing Brahma himself. Brahma appealed to Lord Vishnu who readily appeared and killed both of them. He explained to Brahma that when a poistive energy is utilised negative energy also emanates and that a specialist race of humans be created to protect the entire human race from time to time. Brahma acting on this advice sat down for meditation. At the end of the day four kinds of energies for human races were formed out of Brahma's body. Brahmins at dawn, Kshatriyas at Noon, Vaishyas at dusk and Shudras at night. Kindly note that these were the Varnas (colors) and not 'caste' as now thought of today. Usually this is told as Brahmins fron the head, ending with Shudras from the feet. In the RigVed the varnas were not rigid and were related to ones actions.


The Brahmins were called so for their inherent knowledge, Kshatriyas for the martial and law & order qualities, Vaishyas for being traders and Shudras for doing menial jobs. Varna meant the colour of the skin. The Brahmin varna was reddish as the sky before dawn, Kshatriya varna as the Sun at noon, Vaishya as the evening sky and Shudra the colour of night sky. Gradually, the Varna system caught hold of Indian Sub Continent and each varna did its job as per guidelines of Brahma. Brahmins and Kshatriyas were the upper castes and Vaishyas and Shudras the lower castes. Both, Brahmins and Kshatriyas were allowed to study the Vedas. Kshatriyas (pronounced as shatria) also studied the ancient martial arts which were eventualy carried by Buddhist monks like Bodhiharma (a Kshatriya) to China and Japan. Bodhidharma (fl. ...


The Brahmins later, said the Vedas granted them superiority thus suppressing the Vaishyas and Shudras, depriving them of the right to knowledge. Like Adam and Eve, and the slaves of the american south the lower castes were denied the knowledge of good and evil. Only told what their masters wanted them to know, like the slaves of the American south a Shudra could be killed for learning to read.


Theology

  • In Vedic theology, Manu is considered the law-giver and progenitor of humanity. He had over 50 sons. Manu was both king and priest and his children (and thus all of humanity) are considered highborn. Due to the eventual differences in occupations, people ended up in different jātis and caste. Those who studied the Vedas became known as Brahmins, those who practiced trade became Vaishya, those who labored became Sudra, and those who took up martial arts became Kshatriyas. The word Arya means "noble" and was initially only used for kings and kshatriyas as it is related to the word "Aristocracy".
  • Panchjanya, meaning five people, is the common name given to the five most ancient Vedic kshatriya tribes. It is supposed they are all descendants of the Turvasu, Yadu, Puru, Anu and Druhyu. For example, Yadav is descended from the Yadu; Paurav is descended from the Puru; etc.
  • Kshatriyas were created from the arms of God, priests from his mouth, merchants from his abdomen and laborers from his legs. This was interpreted as meaning that no one caste is more important than the other and that society cannot survive without all parts working together.

There are 1028 hymns in the Rigveda, most of them dedicated to specific deities. ... Manu may refer to: In geography: Manu, a town in Sokoto State, Nigeria Manu, province in the Madre de Dios region of Peru Manu National Park Manu River In acting: Manu, member of the cast of a controversial film released in 2000 called Baise-moi Manu Intiraymi, American television and... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, occupation, economic status, race, ethnicity, // 1555, a race of men, from L. casto chaste, from castus pure, cut off, separated, pp. ... Veda redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shudra or Sudra is the fourth Varna in the traditional four-section division in historic Indian society. ... The Indian subcontinent is home to a variety of martial arts, including Pehlwani, Kalarippayattu, Vajra Mushti and Gatka. ... Ārya is a Sanskrit (आर्य) and Avestan word used by Hindus, Jains, Zoroastrians, and Buddhists. ... Panchjanya,meaning five folks,is the common name given to five most ancient vedic kshatriya tribes. ... Yadu is the name of one of the five Aryan clans mentioned in the Rig Veda. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ... In Sumerian mythology and later for Assyrians and Babylonians, Anu (also An; (from Sumerian *An = sky, heaven)) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. ... The Druhyus were a people of Ancient India. ... Yadavas redirects here. ... Yadu is the name of one of the five Aryan clans mentioned in the Rig Veda. ... The Purus are a people of Ancient India. ...

Vedic Origin

In modern India, caste is inherited. Most of the Kshatriya communities claim descent from Surya, Chandra, or Agni. The Surya descendants claim descent from Sun Dynasty (Suryavansh). Rama also belonged to this dynasty. Maharaja Agrasen also belonged from the same descent. The Chandra descendants claim descent from Lunar Dynasty (Chandravansh). Krishna also born in this dynasty. Yaduvanshi Kshtriyas consider him as an ancestor. This is based on the writings of the Rig Veda and other Puranas. Great epics Ramayana and Mahabharata and Raghuvamsa also support it. Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (Mahābhūta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ... The Sun Dynasty is one of the most prominent dynasties in the history of Hinduism. ... Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... In Hindu society, the Kshatriya caste is divided into two principal houses, one claiming descent from the Sun (Surya) and the other from the Moon (Indu). ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... // Introduction Raghuvamsa, in Hindu mythology is believed to be a lineage/race of warrior kings tracing its ancestry to Surya. ...


Two camps exist about the importance of these texts. One camp is similar to the literalists of the Christian faith who believe that their holy texts are verbatim documentation of real people, events and dates and that modern society is descended from them. The other camp believes that the holy texts are not meant to be taken literally and should be used symbolically as examples of the proper way to live. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ...


Those who believe the Mahabharata, Ramayana and Puranas were verbatim documents feel that modern Kshatriyas are descended from the Vedic Kshatriyas. The reason for the controversy is that we do not have any physical evidence of their existence. There are no bones, forts, weapons, coins, monuments, pictures etc. discovered to state unequivocally that they existed. For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Purana (Sanskrit: , meaning tales of ancient times) is the name of an ancient Indian genre (or a group of related genres) of Hindu or Jain literature (as distinct from oral tradition). ...

Siddhartha Gautama was born into a Hindu Kshatriya family

What historians generally agree on is that from around 1000 BC onwards we have archeological, literary, and artistic evidence of the communities that existed in India. Gautama Buddha and Mahavira are two Kshatriya sages who made a lasting impression on the world. Download high resolution version (428x749, 92 KB)Standing Buddha, Gandhara, 1st century CE. Guimet Museum, Paris. ... Download high resolution version (428x749, 92 KB)Standing Buddha, Gandhara, 1st century CE. Guimet Museum, Paris. ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE. Gautama Buddha was a South Asian spiritual leader who lived between approximately 563 BCE and 483 BCE. Born Siddhartha Gautama in Sanskrit, a name meaning descendant of Gotama whose aims are achieved/who is efficacious in achieving aims, he... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... Idol of Lord Mahavira at Shri Mahaveerji (the holy town in Rajasthan named after Mahavira. ...


Jain Origin

According to Jainism, Rishabh, the first Tirthankar founded three varnas namely Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. Later, Bharat, eldest son of Rishabh, and the first Chakravarti founded the Brahmin varna in the absence of Rishabh. They will promote inequality in people”


According to Jain and Buddhist literature, Kshatriyas are nothing but those who own a farm, i.e. farmers.


Four varnas came into existence namely Kshatriyas, Brahmins, Vaishyas and Shudras. Here you can see that the Brahmins got the second position, not the first in the four varnas.


Kshatriya Clans:


All the kshatriyas are descendants of Rishabh, the first Jain Tirthankar. This fact is clearly stated in many Hindu puranic literature like Bhagwat Purana, Brahma Purana, Vishnu Purana etc.


The clan of Rishabh was called Ikshwaku and is thus the clan of all khsatiyas. Later two branches of this clan came into existence. First was Suryawanshi which was named after Adityayash (Ark kirti), the elder son of Bharat and the Grand Son of Rishabh and second Somvansh named after Somyash, the elder son of Bahubali. (Bahubali was younger brother of Bharat and son of Rishabh)


Later Suryavansh was divided into 36 clans and Somvansh was divided into 60 clans. Thus the total number of Kshatriya clans became 96


Establishments and assimilation

In ancient times there was mobility between varnas, as people learned new skills and changed their actions and occupation. Historians believe that the Hindu caste system became rigid around 1000 BC. Prior to this, the nomadic tribes of ancient India did not have a fixed caste system. They initially assigned roles based on an individual’s aptitude and ability. This was necessary in order to ensure the tribe's survival. The stronger members of the tribe became the warriors and were given higher status in society, as they were more important to the survival of the tribe at the time. As the tribes became more familiar with farming they built up surpluses and settled. This more sedentary and leisurely lifestyle shifted the people's focus to accumulating wealth and finding a meaning to life. Priests began to take the preeminent role in society as they ensured spiritual salvation. This led to society forming a more rigid social system where position was determined by birth rather than merit. Thereafter, those in the more powerful classes enforced this caste system to remain in power, a pattern also exhibited by the nobles of Europe. During the Epic Age people began to question these institutions. For other uses, see Warrior (disambiguation). ... Nobility is a traditional hereditary status (see hereditary titles) that exists today in many countries (mainly present or former monarchies). ... What is an epic? ...


Many historical rulers came from other castes what what, or were descended from non-Hindu foreign conquerors, and were either granted de facto Kshatriya status by virtue of the power they held, or they created fictionalized family histories to connect themselves to past Kshatriya rulers. For instance, the Sakas, Yavanas, Kambojas, Pahlavas, Paradas, etc were foreign invaders from the northwest, but were assimilated into the Indian community as Kshatriyas. Saka is also the name of a town in Hiroshima, Japan; for information on this town, see Saka, Hiroshima. ... ... Kambojas are a very ancient Kshatriya tribe of the north-western parts of the Indian subcontinent and what is now Afghanistan, frequently mentioned in ancient texts, although not in the Rig Veda. ... ... The Paradas are a people mentionned in ancient Indian writings from the beginning of our era, such as the Manu Smriti. ...


Non-Orthodox Kshatriyas

  • Anushasanaparava of the Mahabharata also views the Sakas, Kambojas and the Yavanas etc. in the same light. Patanjali in his Mahabhasya regards the Sakas and Yavanas as pure Sudras (II.4.10).
  • The Vartika of the Katyayana informs us that the kings of the Sakas and the Yavanas, like those of the Kambojas, may also be addressed by their respective tribal names.
  • The Mahabharata also associates the Sakas, Yavanas, Gandharas (Northwest India), Kambojas (Pamir-Badakshan), Pahlavas, Tusharas, Sabaras, Barbaras, Dravidas, Boyars etc.. and addresses them all as the Barbaric tribes of Uttarapatha.
  • In another verse the epic groups the Shakas, Kambojas and Khashas together and state them as the tribes from Udichya, i.e. north division (5/169/20).
  • The Kishkindha Kanda of the Ramayana locates the Sakas, Kambojas, Yavanas and the Paradas in the extreme north-west beyond the Himavat (i.e. Hindukush) (43/12) in the Shakadvipa, adjoining the land of Uttarakurus.
  • The Udyogaparava of the Mahabharata (5/19/21-23) tells us that the composite army of the Kambojas, Yavanas and Sakas had participated in the Mahabharata war under the supreme command of Sudakshina Kamboja. The epic repeatedly applauds this composite army as being very fierce and wrathful. Some verses of Mahabharata also attest that the Tusharas or Tukharas were also included in the Kamboja division (e.g.: MBH 6.66.17-21; MBH 8.88.17). ' Tocharians
  • Puranic accounts attest that the Dravidas are Kshatriyas and are said to be descendants of the sons of Vishwamitra. Like the Kambojas, Sakas, Yavanas, Daradas, Khashas etc, the Dravidas were recorded as Kshatriyas who no longer were initiated into the sacred thread due to their neglect of the Brahmanas as well as due to their non-observance of the sacred Brahmanical codes.

The Ashtadhyayi (Ạṣtādhyāyī, meaning eight chapters) is the earliest known grammar of Sanskrit, and one of the first works on descriptive linguistics, generative linguistics, or linguistics altogether. ... Indian postage stamp depicting (2004), with the implication that he used (IPA ) was an ancient Gandharan grammarian (approximately 5th century BC, but estimates range from the 7th to the 3rd centuries) who is most famous for formulating the 3,959 rules of Sanskrit morphology known as the . ... Kamboja (Sanskrit: कम्बोज) was the ancient name of a Hindu country, and the Indo-Iranian Kshatriya tribe, the Kambojas, settled therein. ... Gandhāra (Sanskrit: गन्धार, Persian; Gandara, Waihind) (Urdu: گندھارا) is the name of an ancient Indian Mahajanapada, currently in northern Pakistan (the North-West Frontier Province and parts of northern Punjab and Kashmir) and eastern Afghanistan. ... Ancient Buddhist and Brahmanical texts reveal that Uttarapatha was the name of northern division of Jambudvipa of ancient Indian traditions. ... Kambojas are a very ancient Kshatriya tribe of the north-western parts of the Indian subcontinent and what is now Afghanistan, frequently mentioned in ancient texts, although not in the Rig Veda. ... The Manu Smriti or Laws of Manu, is one of the eighteen Smritis of the Dharma Sastra (or laws of righteous conduct), written c. ... A cataphract-style parade armour of a Saka royal from the Issyk kurgan. ... Scythia was an area in Eurasia inhabited in ancient times by an Indo-Aryans known as the Scythians. ... Yona, Yonaka or Yavana is a Pali word used in ancient India to designate Greeks. ... Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Kamboja (Sanskrit: कम्बोज) was the ancient name of a Hindu country, and the Indo-Iranian Kshatriya tribe, the Kambojas, settled therein. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The Paradas are a people mentionned in ancient Indian writings from the beginning of our era, such as the Manu Smriti. ... For the county in Shanxi province, see Xinjiang County. ... ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... The Kiratas mentioned in early Hindu texts are the non-Aryan aborigines of the land. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... Mukkulathor, Mukulathar or Mukulathor is a name for a group of three related social groups or castes of Tamil Nadu state of India. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... Daradas were a people who lived north and north-east to the Kashmir valley. ... The Brahmana (Sanskrit ब्राह्मण) are part of the Hindu Shruti; They are composed in Vedic Sanskrit, and the period of their composition is sometimes referred to as the Brahmanic period or age (approximately between 900 BC and 500 BC). ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Patañjali, is the compiler of the Yoga Sutra, a major work containing aphorisms on the practical and philosophical wisdom regarding practice of Raja yoga. ... Shudra or Sudra is the fourth Varna in the traditional four-section division in historic Indian society. ... Kātyāyana (c. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Saka is also the name of a town in Hiroshima, Japan; for information on this town, see Saka, Hiroshima. ... ... Gandhāra (Sanskrit: गन्धार, Persian; Gandara, Waihind) (Urdu: گندھارا) is the name of an ancient Indian Mahajanapada, currently in northern Pakistan (the North-West Frontier Province and parts of northern Punjab and Kashmir) and eastern Afghanistan. ... Kambojas are a very ancient Kshatriya tribe of the north-western parts of the Indian subcontinent and what is now Afghanistan, frequently mentioned in ancient texts, although not in the Rig Veda. ... ... The Tocharians were the easternmost speakers of an Indo-European language in antiquity, inhabiting the Tarim basin in what is now Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, northwestern Peoples Republic of China. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A boyar (also spelt bojar; Romanian: boier) was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Ruthenian (Russian) and Romanian aristocracy, second only to the ruling princes, from the 10th through the 17th century. ... Barbarian was originally a Greek term applied to any foreigner, one not sharing a recognized culture or degree of polish with the speaker or writer employing the term. ... http://www. ... Ancient Buddhist and Brahmanical texts reveal that Uttarapatha was the name of northern division of Jambudvipa of ancient Indian traditions. ... What is an epic? ... The Khasas are an ancient people, believed to be a section of the Iranians who originally belonged to Central Asia from where they had penetrated, in remote antiquity, the Himalayas from Central Asia through Kashgar and Kashmir and dominated the whole hilly region. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Uttarakuru was the name of ancient country and its people as numerously referenced in ancient Vedic, Brahmanical and the Buddhist texts and numerous other ancient Sanskrit texts. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Kambojas are a very ancient Kshatriya tribe of the north-western parts of the Indian subcontinent and what is now Afghanistan, frequently mentioned in ancient texts, although not in the Rig Veda. ... ... Saka is also the name of a town in Hiroshima, Japan; for information on this town, see Saka, Hiroshima. ... Sudakshina Kamboja is the third king of the Kambojas referred to in the Mahabharata. ... The Tocharians were the easternmost speakers of an Indo-European language in antiquity, inhabiting the Tarim basin in what is now Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, northwestern Peoples Republic of China. ... The Tocharians were the easternmost speakers of an Indo-European language in antiquity, inhabiting the Tarim basin in what is now Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, northwestern Peoples Republic of China. ... The Tocharians or Tusharas as known in Indian literature were the easternmost speakers of an Indo-European language in antiquity, inhabiting the Tarim basin in what is now Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, northwestern Peoples Republic of China. ... ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Brahmarishi Viswamitra is one of the seven venerated sages of Hindu mythology. ... The Brahmana (Sanskrit ब्राह्मण) are part of the Hindu Shruti; They are composed in Vedic Sanskrit, and the period of their composition is sometimes referred to as the Brahmanic period or age (approximately between 900 BC and 500 BC). ... The Brahmana (Sanskrit ब्राह्मण) are part of the Hindu Shruti; They are composed in Vedic Sanskrit, and the period of their composition is sometimes referred to as the Brahmanic period or age (approximately between 900 BC and 500 BC). ...

Suryavanshi Kshatriyas

The Suryavanshi lineage is one of the three lineages into which the Kshatriya caste of Hindus is divided, the other two races being the Chandravanshi (descended from Chandra, the Hindu Moon God) or descendant from the Lunar Dynasty, and the Agnivanshi, descended from Agni, the Hindu Fire God. All present-day Suryavanshis also claim descent from the Hindu God Rama, who was himself born into a Suryavanshi dynasty.

  • Khatri - often sited as the true and original members of the Aryan Kshatriya caste from the area of Punjab, orginating from Aryan invasion from Central Asia. The only group to have ever mixed with them were the Greco-Bactrians.
  • Kachwaha
  • Sisodia

Khatri (Punjabi: ਖੱਤਰੀ, khattrī) is the Punjabi adaptation of Sanskrit word Kshatriya (Hindi: क्षत्रिय, kṣatriya). ... The Kachwaha (also spelled as Kacchavahas, Kachhawa, Kuchhwaha , Kushwaha, and includes Kacchapghata, Kakutstha, and Kurma) are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan which was ruling a number of kingdoms and princely states, including Jaipur, Alwar, Jammu and Kashmir, Amethi and Maihar, before Indias independence in 1947. ... Maharana Pratap, a Sisodia ruler The Sisodia (also known as Shishodya or Sisodya or Sisodhya) are a Rajput clan who ruled the kingdom of Mewar in Rajasthan. ...

Chandravanshi Kshtriya's

The Chandravanshi lineage is one of the three lineages into which the Kshatriya caste of Hindus is divided, the other two being the Suryavanshi, (descended from Surya - god of the sun), and the Agnivanshi, (descended from Agni - god of fire). According to legend, the Chandravanshis are descended from Chandra,in the Lunar Dynasty or the Hindu Moon God.


The Yaduvanshi lineage is the major branch of the Chandravanshi lineage. The Yaduvanshis claim descent from the Hindu God Krishna, who in turn was born into a Chandravanshi dynasty. Chandela Rajput dynasty who built Khajuraho were Chandravanshis. The Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri also traced their ancestry back to the Chandravanshi or "lunar branch".

In Hindu culture, Jadaun (also spelt as Jadon) is a name of Chandravanshi (Yaduvanshi) Rajputs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Chandelas, also known as the Chandels, were a Rajput clan who ruled in Bundelkhand from the 10th to the 16th centuries. ...

Agnivanshi Kshtriya's

The Agnivanshi are people belonging to the Agnivansha. According to legend, they are descended from Agni, the Hindu God of Fire. The Agnivanshi lineage is one of the three lineages into which the Kshatriya caste of Hindus is divided, the other two races being the Suryavanshi (descended from Surya, the Hindu Sun God) and the Chandravanshi, descended from Chandra, the Hindu Moon God.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Pratiharas, also called the Gurjara-Pratiharas were an Indian dynasty who ruled kingdoms in Rajasthan and northern India from the sixth to the eleventh centuries. ... For the English cricketer, See Vikram Solanki The Solanki or Chalukya is a Hindu Gurjar,Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... The Shantinath Temple at Deogarh Parwar, also spelt as Paravāra, is a major Jain community from the Bundelkhand region, which is largely in Madhya Pradesh, but also includes Lalitpur region of Uttar Pradesh. ... Chauhan (चौहान - Hindi, چوہان - Urdu) is a clan that ruled parts of Northern India in the Middle Ages. ... The Bundelas are a Rajput clan who ruled several states in central India. ...

Kshtriya's Clan

The three major traditional branches of Kshatriya varna are Chandravanshi (claiming descent from Chandra), Suryavanshi (claiming direct descent from Ramachandra and descent from Surya) and Agnivanshi (claiming descent from Agni). The Chandravanshi are people belonging to the Chandravansha or dynasty of the Moon. According to legend, the Chandravanshis are descended from Chandra, the Hindu Moon God. ... This article is about the Hindu moon deity. ... Suryavanshi are people belonging to the Suryavansha, or dynasty of the Sun. According to legend, the Suryavanshis are descended from Surya, the Hindu Sun God. ... This article is about a Hindu incarnation of God (i. ... In Hinduism, Surya (Devanagari: सूर्य, sūrya) is the chief solar deity,one of the Adityas, son of Kasyapa and one of his wife Aditi[1] ,in Nordics Tyr he is said to be the son of Dyaus Pitar. ... Agni-kunda, also Agni-kula or Agnivanshi (Sanskrit fire-born or fire-clan), is one of the three main lineages (vansha) of Kshatriyas. ... Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (Mahābhūta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ...


Some clans of Gujjars, Dhangars, Jats, Marathas, Kurmis, Rajputs, Lohanas, and other groups in modern India claim descent from the Suryavanshi lineage. Gujjar or Gurjar is a group or caste of the Indian subcontinent. ... The Dhangar (Sanskrit / Devanāgarī: धनगर ) caste is primarily located in the Indian state of Maharashtra. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Kurmi(Hindi:कुर्मी), which is the name of one of the Jātis (castes) of the Hindus,Kurmi are the Kshatriya,the generation of Kuru Kingdom. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...

Several Indian dynasties including the Chandela Rajputs and the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri claimed descent from the Chandravanshi lineage (or "lunar branch"). The Yaduvanshi lineage is the major branch of the Chandravanshi lineage. The Yaduvanshis claim descent from Krishna, who in turn was born into a Chandravanshi dynasty. Several Indian castes such as Yadavs, Gujjars of Bhati Clan, the Jats of Mathura/Bharatpur and the Jadaun Rajputs claim descent from the Yaduvanshi lineage. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Patel. ... Chandela or Chandel is a gotra found in Rajputs in India. ... The Yadavas of Devagiri, Seuna/Sevuna or Yadava dynasty (Marathi: देवगिरीचे यादव) (850 - 1334) was an Indian dynasty, which during their peak ruled present day Maharashtra, north Karnataka and parts of Madhya Pradesh from their capital at Devagiri(or Deogiri) (present-day Daulatabad in Maharashtra). ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian Subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous, hereditary groups often termed as jātis or sub-castes. ... Yadavas redirects here. ... Gujjar or Gurjar is a group or caste of the Indian subcontinent. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Bharatpur (Hindi:भरतपुर) is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ...


The major dynasties that claimed descent from Agnivanshi lineage include Pratiharas, Chauhans, Solankis, and Paramaras were actually of Gurjar origin[1] Dr. K. Jamanadas also states that the Pratihara clan of Rajputs descended from the Gujjars, and this "raises a strong presumption that the other Rajput clans also are the descendants from the Gurjaras or the allied foreign immigrants".[2] The Pratiharas (Hindi परतिहार pratihāra, also known as Parihars) ruled a large kingdom in northern India from the 6th to the 11th centuries. ... Chauhan (चौहान - Hindi, چوہان - Urdu) is a clan that ruled parts of Northern India in the Middle Ages. ... For the English cricketer, See Vikram Solanki The Solanki or Chalukya is a Hindu Gurjar,Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Some Kshatriyas claim descent from the Nāga or the "serpent dynasty", and are called Nagavanshi. Some of the castes or clans that claim Nagavanshi descent include some sections of Nair caste of Kerala, such as the Nambiars. Some of the Jat gotras such as Takshak, Bachak, Karkotaka, Kaliramna etc. claim descent from Nagavanshi lineage.[3] It has been suggested that Phaya Naga be merged into this article or section. ... The Nagavanshi dynasty is one of the Kshatriya dynasties of India. ... This article is about a Hindu caste. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The name Nambiar primarily applies to two separate Hindu communities from Kerala: [Nambiar] - Nambiar is a prominent sub caste of Nair, a martial nobility, similar to the Samurai of Japan, hail from northern Kerala. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Takshak or Taxak is a gotra of jats found in India, Pakistan and Central Asia. ... Bachak is very old gotra found in Jats in India. ... Katewa is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, India. ... Kaliraman or Kaliramna is gotra of Jats found in Haryana and Punjab. ...


The Ahom kings of Assam claimed descent from Indra (identified with Khunlung) and Syama (a low-caste woman), and called themselves Indravanshi (or Indravamsa) Kshatriyas. The Ahoms established the Ahom kingdom (1228-1826) in parts of present-day Assam and ruled it for nearly 600 years. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ...


The Brahmavansha lineage descends from the Brahmavanshi king Chulki.


The Vayuvanshi are another Kshatriya clan although not much is known about the clan.


The Nagavanshi (or Nagabanshi) are another Kshatriya faction that are popular for ruling Chhotanagpur.


The Rexulvanshis are popular for being the kings of Surguja.


The alien hordes that didn't follow Hindu customs or traditions (Shakas, Kushans, Indo-Greeks, Hunas and Parthians) were stated as Vratya Kshatriyas in Manusmriti.[4] This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Billon drachm of the Hephthalite King Napki Malka (Afghanistan/ Gandhara, c. ... Reproduction of a Parthian warrior as depicted on Trajans Column The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. Origins Bust of Parthian soldier, Esgh-abad Museum, Turkmenia. ...

See also: Agnivanshi, Chandravanshi, Nagavanshi, and Suryavanshi

Agni-kunda, also Agni-kula or Agnivanshi (Sanskrit fire-born or fire-clan), is one of the three main lineages (vansha) of Kshatriyas. ... The Chandravanshi are people belonging to the Chandravansha or dynasty of the Moon. According to legend, the Chandravanshis are descended from Chandra, the Hindu Moon God. ... The Nagavanshi dynasty is one of the Kshatriya dynasties of India. ... Suryavanshi are people belonging to the Suryavansha, or dynasty of the Sun. According to legend, the Suryavanshis are descended from Surya, the Hindu Sun God. ...

Outside the Indian subcontinent

About 40 percent of the total population of Bali comprises Balinese Kshatriyas. Balinese Hinduism has a caste system and is heavily influenced by the Vedas. Balinese people are of mixed, Polynesian, Aryan and Dravidian descent. This article is about the Indonesian island. ... See: Bali, an Indonesian island Balinese language Balinese (people) Balinese (cat), a cat breed Balinese Gamelan, local music This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Agama Hindu Dharma is the formal name of Hinduism in Indonesia. ... Caste systems are traditional, hereditary systems of social restriction and social stratification, enforced by law or common practice, based on endogamy, occupation, economic status, race, ethnicity, // 1555, a race of men, from L. casto chaste, from castus pure, cut off, separated, pp. ... Veda redirects here. ... See: Bali, an Indonesian island Balinese language Balinese (people) Balinese (cat), a cat breed Balinese Gamelan, local music This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Polynesian is an adjectival form which refers variously to: Polynesian pie Polynesian sauce, a food condiment available at Chick-fil-A the aboriginal inhabitants of Polynesia, and their: Polynesian culture Polynesian mythology Polynesian languages Category: ... Aryan (/eərjən/ or /ɑːrjən/, Sanskrit: ) is a Sanskrit and Avestan word meaning noble/spiritual one. ... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ...


The Balamon Hindu Cham people of Vietnam consist of 70% Kshatriyas (pronounced in Vietnamese as "Satrias"). Although Balamon make up only 25% of the overall Cham population (the other 75% are Muslims or Cham Bani). These Balamon Kshatriyas claim to be the descendants of the Champa Empire. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... This article is about the Cham people of Asia. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... South East Asia circa 1100 C.E. Champa territory in green. ...


References

  1. ^ Rose, Horace Arthur (1990). Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province. Asian Educational Services, 300. ISBN 8120605055. 
  2. ^ Jamanadas, K.. "Rajput Period Was Dark Age Of India", Decline And Fall Of Buddhism: A tragedy in Ancient India. New Delhi: Bluemoon Books. Retrieved on 2007-05-31. 
  3. ^ Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats, Rohtak, India (1938, 1967)
  4. ^ Magumdar, Raichaudhry. Notes of IGNOUDelhi University, Allahabad University, BHU, JNU, Jamia Milia Islamia (Irfan Habib).

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ram Swarup Joon is a Jat historian. ... Indira Gandhi National Open University, NewDelhi, India ... University of Delhi,New Delhi The University of Delhi is a university in India. ... Motto: none Anthem: Druk tsendhen Capital Thimphu Largest city Thimphu Official language(s) Dzongkha, English Government King Prime Minister Monarchy Jigme Singye Wangchuck Lyonpo Sangay Ngedup Independence   recognized by India 1949-08-08 Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   47,500 km² (130th) negligible Population  â€¢ 2005 est. ...

Further reading

  • History and Culture of Indian People, The Vedic Age, p 313-314
  • the late Shri Harilal Upadhyay: This great Gujarati author researched both the ancient and modern eras and wrote books which can be considered as encyclopedic novels. He wrote books on both the Chandravansh and Suryavash, further details are found at his official web site. Although he wrote all his work in his mother tongue (Gujarati) the site provides some comprehensive information in English.

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

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