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Encyclopedia > Kryvyy Rih

Kryvyi Rih (Ukrainian: Кривий Ріг; Russian: Кривой Рог, Krivoy Rog) is a city in Ukraine, with population 632,100 (2004). It is situated in Dnipropetrovs'ka oblast', to the southwest of Dnipropetrovsk, at the confluence of the Inhulets and Saksahan rivers.


It is an industrial and metallurgical centre in an iron mining region. The city extends for 32 km, paralleling the ore deposits. The city's environmental and construction safety is a growing problem due to abandoned mines and polluted ore-processing waste.


History

The city was founded in the 17th century by Zaporozhian Cossacks. The area's industrial growth began in the 1880s, when European investment founded a mining syndicate.


During the Russian Civil War, the city and its hinterland were at the nucleus of Nestor Makhno's anarchist insurgency.


 
 

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