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Encyclopedia > Krasnodar Krai
Krasnodar Krai (English)
Краснодарский край (Russian)

Location of Krasnodar Krai in Russia
Coat of Arms Flag

Coat of arms of Krasnodar Krai

Flag of Krasnodar Krai
Anthem: Anthem of Krasnodar Krai
Administrative center Krasnodar
Established September 13, 1937
Political status
Federal district
Economic region
North Caucasus
Code 23
- Rank
76,000 km²
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
- Rank
- Density
- Urban
- Rural
5,125,221 inhabitants
67.4 inhab. / km²
Official language Russian
Head of Administration Alexander Tkachyov
First Deputy Head of Administration Alexander Remezkov
Legislative body Legislative Assembly
Charter Charter of Krasnodar Krai
Official website

Krasnodar Krai (Russian: Краснода́рский край, Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. Image File history File links RussiaKrasnodar2007-01. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Russian: ) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River. ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ... The Russian Federation is divided into 89 subjects (administrative units), 6 of which are krais: Altai Krai Khabarovsk Krai Krasnodar Krai Krasnoyarsk Krai Primorsky Krai Stavropol Krai 1. ... Southern Federal District (Russian: Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... North Caucasus economic region (Russian: ; tr. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 census. ... Head of Administration (Governor) of Krasnodar Krai is the highest post of executive power in Krasnodar Krai, a federal subject of Russia. ... Alexander Nikolayevich Tkachyov (Russian: ) (born December 23, 1960 in Vyselki, Krasnodar Krai, Russia) is the governor of Krasnodar Krai in the southern European part of Russia. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... This is a list of articles about the fundamental constitutional laws, known as Basic Laws, of various jurisdictions. ... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Krai (Russian: край; British English transliteration: kray), is a term used to refer to several of Russias 89 administrative regions (federal subjects). ... Southern Federal District (Russian: Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ...



Krasnodar Krai encompasses the western part of the Forecaucasus and a part of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. Krasnodar Krai borders, clockwise from the west, Ukraine—from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch and the Sea of Azov—Russia's Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, and Georgia's breakaway republic of Abkhazia. The krai territory encompasses the Republic of Adygea. Krasnodar Krai's southern border is formed by what is left of Russia's Black Sea coast, with the most important port (Novorossiysk) and resort (Sochi) in this part of the country. Fore-Caucasus (Russian: , sometimes Forecaucasus, Front Caucasus) is a territory to the North of the Caucasus Major (Большой Кавказ) mountain system of Caucasus and further bounded by Kuma-Manych Depression from the North, Sea of Azov and Kerch Strait from the West, and Caspian Sea from the East. ... Greater Caucasus (Russian: , sometimes translated as Caucasus Major, Big Caucasus or Large Caucasus) is the major mountain range of Caucasus mountains. ... Kerch Strait. ... The shallow Sea of Azov is clearly distinguished from the deeper Black Sea. ... Flag of Rostov Oblast Rostov Oblast (Russian: , Rostovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the Southern Federal District. ... Stavropol Krai (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai). ... Karachay-Cherkess Republic (Russian: , or, less formal, Karachay-Cherkessia ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Capital Sokhumi Official languages Abkhaz, Georgian Government  -  Chairman, Cabinet of Ministers  -  Chairman, Supreme Council Temur Mzhavia Autonomous republic of Georgia  -  Georgian independence Declared Recognised 9 April 1991 25 December 1991  Currency Georgian lari (GEL) Anthem Aiaaira Capital Sukhumi Official languages Abkhaz, Russian1 Government  -  President Sergei Bagapsh  -  Prime Minister Alexander Ankvab... The Republic of Adygea (Russian: ; Adyghe: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic) enclaved within Krasnodar Krai. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... Train station of Sochi hidden behind palm trees Sochi (Russian: ) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai near the southern Russian border. ...

Geographically, the area is split by the Kuban River into two distinct parts. The southern, seaward third (historically known as Circassia) is the western extremity of the Caucasus range, lying within the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion; the climate is Mediterranean or, in the south-east, subtropical. The northern two-thirds lies on the Pontic Steppe and shares continental climate patterns. Kuban (Russian: ) is a river in Russia, in the Northern Caucasus region. ... Circassia, also known as Cherkessia in Russian, is a region in Caucasia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... The Crimean Submediterranean forest complex is a temperate mixed forest ecoregion of Russia and Ukraine. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... The Pontic steppe refers to the steppelands to the north of the Black Sea and on its eastern side as far as the Caspian Sea. ... A continental climate is the climate typical of the middle-latitude interiors of the large continents of the Northern Hemisphere in the zone of westerly winds; similar climates exist along the east coasts and southwest coasts of the same continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of...

Time zone

Krasnodar Krai is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD). Image File history File links RTZ2. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Moscow Time (Russian: ) is the time zone for the city of Moscow, Russia and most of western Russia, including Saint Petersburg, Russia. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ...

Administrative divisions

Cities and towns under krais jurisdiction: Krasnodar (Краснодар) (administrative center) city okrugs: Karasunksy (Карасунский) with 2 rural districts under the city okrugs jurisdiction. ...


Population: 5,125,221 (2002 Census); 5,113,148 (1989 Census). The population is concentrated in the Kuban River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have been settling here since at least the 18th century. Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... The 1989 Soviet Census was the final and most comprehensive census taken within The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The census officially recorded the popullation of the USSR at 286,717,000, making it the third most populous country in the world. ... Kuban (Russian: ) is a river in Russia, in the Northern Caucasus region. ... Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Ottoman Empire. ... Early Cossacks history Cossacks came to existence in the territories of todays Ukraine around 13th century, as a result of early medieval migrations of peoples in Europe. ... Russian Kuban Cossacks (Кубанские козаки, Kubanskie Kozaki) were cossacks that settled in the region around the Kuban River protected the southern borders of the Russian Empire. ... Hamshenis or Hemshils (Turkish Hemşinli, plural Hemşinliler) are a distinct ethnic group inhabiting the Black Sea region of Turkey. ...

Ethnic groups: The 2002 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multicultural in Russia. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, including • 4,418,715 Russians 86.2% • 274,566 Armenians 5.36% • 131,774 Ukrainians 2.57% • 26,540 Greeks 0.52% • 26,260 Belarusans 0.51% • 25,575 Tatars 0.50% • 20,225 Georgians 0.40% • 18,469 Germans 0.36% • 17,542 Cossacks 0.34% • 15,821 Adyghe 0.31% • 13,496 Turks 0.26% • 11,944 Azeris 0.23% • 10,873 Roma 0.21% • 6,537 Moldovans 0.13% • 5,022 Kurds 0.10% • 4,835 Mordovians 0.10% • 4,446 Cherkes 0.09% • 4,441 Ezids 0.09% • 4,141 Chuvash 0.08% • 4,133 Ossetians 0.08% • 3,764 Assyrians 0.07% • 3,752 Lezgins 0.07% • 3,425 Udmurts 0.07% • 3,289 Koreans 0.06% • 3,213 Shapsugs 0.06% • 3,138 Bulgarians 0.06% • 2,958 Poles 0.06% • 2,945 Jews 0.06% • 2,857 Chechens 0.06% • 2,723 Mari 0.05% • 2,609 Crimean Tatars 0.05% • 2,210 Uzbeks 0.04% • and 2,061 Bashkirs 0.04%.
A further 0.26% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.[1] Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Belarusians or Belarusans (Belarusian: , previously also spelled Belarussians, Byelorussians and Belorussians) are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Republic of Belarus and form minorities in neighboring Poland (especially in the former Bialystok province), Russia, Lithuania and Ukraine. ... Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Adyghe or Adygs are a people of the northwest Caucasus region, principally inhabiting Adygeya (23 %) (now a constituent republic of the Russian Federation) and Karachay-Cherkessia (11 %) (where they are named as Cherkes). Shapsug National District, an autonomous district founded for Shapsigh (or Shapsugh) tribe living on the Black... Aside from a large Azeri community that is native to Russias Dagestan Republic, the majority of Azeris in Russia are fairly recent immigrants. ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... The Mordvins (Mordva) are a people who speak languages of the Finno-Volgaic branch of the Finno-Ugric language family. ... Cherkes (also Cherkess) are an ethnic group of the northwest Caucasus region, principally inhabiting northern Karachay-Cherkessia (11 %) and four villages of Adygeya: Khodz, Blechepsin, Koshekhabl, Ulyap. ... Malak Ta’us, the peacock angel The Yazidi or Yezidi (Kurdish: Êzidîtî or Êzidî) (Arabic,يزيدي or ايزيدي) are adherents of a pre-Islamic Middle Eastern religion with ancient origins. ... The Chuvash are a bunch of pakis . ... The Ossetians (oss. ... It has been suggested that Assyrian people be merged into this article or section. ... Flag of the Lezgian people The Lezgins, also called the Lezgin, Lezgi, Lezgis, Lezgs, and Lezgians are an ethnic group who live mainly in southern Dagestan and northern Azerbaijan who speak the Lezgi language. ... Udmurts are Finno-Ugric people that speak the Udmurt language. ... Shapsugs (Russian: ; self-designation: шапсыг, or Shapsyg) are a people of the Adyghe branch, who live in Tuapsinsky District of Krasnodar Krai, Lazarevsky City District of Sochi, and in the Republic of Adygea in Russia. ... This article covers the Chechen people as an ethnic group, not Chechen meaning citizens of Chechnya. ... The Mari (also known as Cheremis in Russian and Çirmeş in Tatar) are a Volga-Finnic people in the Volga area, the natives of Mari El, Russia. ... The Crimean Tatars (sg. ... The Bashkirs, a Turkic people, live in Russia, mostly in the republic of Bashkortostan. ...

See also

Krasnodar is both a krai and a city within it, in Russia. ... Governors of Krasnodar Krai Category: ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
About Krasnodar Russia, Krasnodar History, Facts. (1889 words)
Krasnodar is situated on the River Kuban, approximately 1000 km (620 miles) south from Moscow, and 120 km (75 miles) north from the Black Sea, on the periphery of the Caucasus, and was founded by the Cossacs in 1793 to protect Southern borders of Russia.
In the Middle Ages the Republic of Genoa established colonies in Krasnodar region and during the Mongol-Tatar era the territory was invaded by the Golden Horde.
Krasnodar Territory is unique in its geographical location and climatic resources, as well as in its diverse natural landscapes and wealth of plant and animal life.
  More results at FactBites »



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