FACTOID # 30: If Alaska were its own country, it would be the 26th largest in total area, slightly larger than Iran.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Krasnodar" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Krasnodar
Krasnodar (English)
Краснодар (Russian)
Location of Krasnodar on the map of Russia
Coordinates
45°02′N 38°58′E / 45.033, 38.967Coordinates: 45°02′N 38°58′E / 45.033, 38.967
Coat of Arms
City Day: Last non-working day of September
Administrative status
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Administrative center of
Krasnodar Krai
Krasnodar Krai
Krasnodar Krai
Local self-government (as of December 2007)
Charter Charter of Krasnodar
Municipal status Urban okrug
Head Vladimir Yevlanov
Legislative body City Duma
Area
Area 841.36 km² (324.9 sq mi)
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
646,175 inhabitants
18th
768/km² (1,989.1/sq mi)
Events
Founded January 12, 1794
Town status 1867
Renamed Krasnodar 1920
Other information
Postal code 350000..350090
Dialing code +7 861
Official website
http://www.krd.ru/
19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar
19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar
Tram in Krasnodar
Tram in Krasnodar

Krasnodar (Russian: Краснода́р) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River. It is the administrative center of Krasnodar Krai (also known as Kuban). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 285 pixelsFull resolution (3347 × 1193 pixel, file size: 88 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kemerovo Vladivostok Khabarovsk Nizhny Novgorod Birobidzhan... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Federal subjects of the Russian Federation Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with population over 50,000, grouped by federal subject and sorted by population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... // Proposed Country Code: 3 In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code 3. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code 00. This proposal would have... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File links Krasnodar_obelisk. ... Image File history File links Krasnodar_obelisk. ... Russian Kuban Cossacks (Кубанские козаки, Kubanskie Kozaki) were cossacks that settled in the region around the Kuban River protected the southern borders of the Russian Empire. ... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... Kuban (Russian: ) is a river in Russia, in the Northern Caucasus region. ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... Kuban (Ukrainian - Кубань) is an ethnical ukrainian territory. ...

Contents

Name

It was founded on January 12, 1794 (Gregorian calendar) as Yekaterinodar (Екатеринода́р). The original name meant "Catherine's Gift" simultaneously in recognition of Catherine the Great's grant of land in the Kuban region to the Black Sea Cossacks (later the Kuban Cossacks) and in recognition of Saint Catherine, the Martyr, who is considered to be the patron of the city. After the October Revolution, Yekaterinodar was renamed Krasnodar (December, 1920). There are two potential meanings for the new name of the city: Krasno- (Красно-), meaning either 'beautiful' (an older root) or 'red' (especially relevant considering the political atmosphere of the time); and -dar (-дар), meaning 'gift'. Thus, the city's name means either beautiful gift or red gift (i.e. 'gift of the reds'). is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Catherine the Great redirects here. ... Caucasus Line Cossack Host (Черноморское казачье войско) was a Cossack host created in 1787 in Southern Ukraine from former Zaporozhians. ... Russian Kuban Cossacks (Кубанские козаки, Kubanskie Kozaki) were cossacks that settled in the region around the Kuban River protected the southern borders of the Russian Empire. ... Saint Catherine of Alexandria, known as Saint Catherine of the Wheel, is an apocryphal figure claimed to have been a noted scholar in the early 4th Century who, at the age of only 18, is said to have visited the Emperor Maximinus II and to have convinced him of the... For other uses, see Martyr (disambiguation). ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political and social upheavals in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal and moderate-socialist Provisional Government, resulting in the establishment of Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ...


History

Yekaterinodar/Krasnodar in the early 1900s.
Yekaterinodar/Krasnodar in the early 1900s.

The origin of the city starts with a fortress built by Cossacks in order to defend imperial borders and claim Russian ownership over Circassia, which was contested by Ottoman Turkey. In the first half of the 19th century Krasnodar (then Yekaterinodar) grew into a busy center of the Kuban Cossacks. By 1888 about 45,000 people lived in the city and it became a vital trade center of southern Russia. In 1897, an obelisk commemorating 200 year old history of Kuban Cossack Host was built in Yekaterinodar. Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... For other uses, see Cossack (disambiguation). ... Circassia, also known as Cherkessia in Russian, is a region in Caucasia. ... Russian Kuban Cossacks (Кубанские козаки, Kubanskie Kozaki) were cossacks that settled in the region around the Kuban River protected the southern borders of the Russian Empire. ... The Luxor obelisk in the Place de la Concorde in Paris Obelisk outside Santa Maria sopra Minerva in Rome. ...


During the Russian Civil War the city changed hands several times between the Red Army and Volunteer Army, many Kuban Cossacks were committed anti-Bolsheviks who supported the White Movement. During the Great Patriotic War (World War II), Krasnodar was occupied by the German Army between August 12, 1942 and February 12, 1943. The city sustained heavy damage in the fighting but was rebuilt and renovated after the war. Combatants Local Soviet powers led by Russian SFSR and Red Army Chinese mercenaries White Movement Central Powers (1917-1918): Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire German Empire Allied Intervention: (1918-1922) Japan Czechoslovakia Greece  United States  Canada Serbia Romania UK  France Foreign volunteers: Polish Italian Local nationalist movements, national states, and decentralist... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... The Volunteer Army (Добровольческая армия in Russian, or Dobrovolcheskaya armiya) was a counterrevolutionary army in South Russia during the Russian Civil War of 1918-1920. ... White Army redirects here. ... The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Famous Russian soprano Anna Netrebko, cosmonaut Gennady Padalka, counterrevolutionary Andrei Shkuro and rhythmic gymnast Inna Zhukova were born in Krasnodar. Anna Yuryevna Netrebko (Russian: ), (born 18 September 1971 in Krasnodar, Russia) is a Russian-Austrian soprano and opera singer. ... U.S. Space Shuttle astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit. ... Gennady Ivanovich Padalka (Russian: Геннадий Иванович Падалка) was born June 21, 1958, in Krasnodar, Russia. ... A counterrevolutionary is anyone who opposes a revolution, particularly those who act after a revolution to try to overturn or reverse it, in full or in part. ... Andrei Shkuro Andrei Grigoriyevich Shkuro (Shkura) (Андрей Григорьевич Шкуро (Шкура) in Russian) (January 19, 1887 (O.S.: January 7) – January 17, 1947) was a Lieutenant General (1919) of the White Army. ... Rhythmic gymnasts from Greece in the 2000 Sydney Olympics Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport in which single competitors or pairs, trios or even more manipulate one or two apparatuses: Ball, Clubs, Hoop, Ribbon, and Rope. ... Inna Zhukova (Belarusian: Іна Жукава; Russian: Инна Жукова) is a Belarusian individual Rhythmic Gymnast born on the 6th of September, 1986 in Krasnodar, Russia. ...


Coat of arms

Cinemacenter Avrora
Cinemacenter Avrora

The coat of arms of Yekaterinodar was introduced in 1841 by the Cossack yesaul Ivan Chernik. The royal letter "E" in the middle is for Ekaterina II (Russian for Catherine II). It also depicts the date city was founded, the Imperial double headed eagle (symbolizing Czar patronage of Black Sea Cossacks), a bulava of a Cossack ataman, Yekaterinodar fortress, and flags with letters "E", "P","A" and "N" standing for Catherine II, Paul I, Alexander I and Nicholas I. Yellow stars around the shield symbolized 59 Black Sea stanitsas around the city. Image File history File links Avrora_Krasnodar. ... Image File history File links Avrora_Krasnodar. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Yesaul (Turkic: yasaul=chief; Russian: есау́л), a post and a rank in the Cossack units. ... Catherine the Great redirects here. ... Two-headed eagle emblem of the Byzantine Empire. ... Tsar, (Bulgarian цар�, Russian царь; often spelled Czar or Tzar in English), was the title used for the autocratic rulers of the First and Second Bulgarian Empires since 913, in Serbia in the middle of the 14th century, and in Russia from 1547 to 1917. ... Hetman Jan Zamoyski in crimson kontusz and blue silk żupan tied with pas kontuszowy. ... Ataman (variants: wataman, vataman, otaman, Cyrillic: атаман (Russian), ватаман (Russian, regional), отаман (Ukrainian)) was a title of Cossack and haidamak leaders of various kinds. ... Paul I of Russia (Russian: ; Pavel Petrovich) (October 1, 1754-March 23, 1801) was the Emperor of Russia between 1796 and 1801. ... Alexander I of Russia (Russian: Александр I Павлович / Aleksandr I Pavlovich) (December 23, 1777 – December 1?, 1825) served as Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801 to 1 December 1825 and Ruler of Poland from 1815 to 1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... Nicholas I (Russian: Николай I Павлович, Nikolaj I Pavlovič), July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796 – March 2 (18 February Old Style), 1855), was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. ... Stanitsa (Russian: , pronounces stah-nee-tsah) is a village inside a Cossack host or Cossack voisko (Казачье войско, kazachye voysko, sometimes incorrectly translated as Cossack Army). ...


Architecture

The unique architectural steel lattice hyperboloid tower built by the Great Russian engineer and scientist Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov in 1928—is located near Krasnodars Circus. Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov (Russian: ), (August 28 [O.S. August 16] 1853 - February 2, 1939) was a great Russian engineer renowned for his pioneering works on new methods of analysis for civil engineering that led to breakthroughs in industrial design of hyperboloid structures, shell structures, tensile structures, oil... The worlds first hyperboloid water tower by Vladimir Shukhov, All-Russian Exposition, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 1896 Hyperboloid structures in architecture were first applied by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov (1853-1939). ... For other uses, see Circus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Architect (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... The worlds first hyperboloid water tower by Vladimir Shukhov, All-Russian Exposition, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 1896 Hyperboloid structures in architecture were first applied by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov (1853-1939). ... Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov (Russian: ), (August 28 [O.S. August 16] 1853 - February 2, 1939) was a great Russian engineer renowned for his pioneering works on new methods of analysis for civil engineering that led to breakthroughs in industrial design of hyperboloid structures, shell structures, tensile structures, oil... For other uses, see Circus (disambiguation). ...


Travel information

The main airline is Kuban Airlines (at Krasnodar Pashkovsky Airport), and the largest hotels in the city include the Intourist, Hotel Moskva, Hotel Platan. Krasnodar uses a 220 V/50 Hz power supply with two round-pin like most European countries. Kuban Airlines is an airline based in Krasnodar, Russia. ... Pashkovsky Airport (Russian:Аэропорт Пашковский) (IATA:KRR, ICAO:URKK) is the main airport serving the southern Russian city of Krasnodar. ...


The major tourist attractions include St. Catherine's Cathedral, the State Arts Museum, a park and theatre named after Maxim Gorky, the beautiful concert hall of the Krasnodar Philharmonic Society, which is considered to have some of the best acoustics in southern Russia, State Cossack Choir and the Krasnodar circus. Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov (In Russian Алексей Максимович Пешков) (March 28 [O.S. March 16] 1868–June 18, 1936), better known as Maxim Gorky (Максим Горький), was a Soviet/Russian author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist. ... Krasnodar is both a krai and a city within it, in Russia. ...


Public transportation within Krasnodar consists of city buses, trolleybuses, trams, and marshrutkas. Trolleybuses and trams, both powered by overhead electric wires, are the main form of transportation in Krasnodar. Unlike Moscow and Saint Petersburg, Krasnodar does not have a metro system. Marshrutka (Russian: ; short for маршрутное такси (routed taxicab)) is a CIS minibus taxi. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


Sister cities

Krasnodar has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI): Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location in Leon County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Leon Government  - Mayor John Marks Area  - City 254. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Karlsruhe (population 285,812 in 2006) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Burgas (Bulgarian: , sometimes transliterated as Bourgas) is the second-largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast with population 205,821. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Harbin on a map of China For other meanings of Harbin, see Harbin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, capital city of the province of Ferrara. ...

Famous people

  • Anna Netrebko (b. 1971), opera singer
  • Alexander Tamanian (1878–1936), Armenian neoclassical architect
  • Gennady Padalka (b. 1958), cosmonaut
  • Sergei Tiviakov (b. 1973), chess Grandmaster
  • Eduard Kokcharov (b. 1975), handball player
  • Alexandre Bondar (b. 1972), writer and novelist
  • Lazaros Papadopoulos (b. 1980), Greek basketball player
  • [[[Olga Dobrynina]]] (b. 1991), One of THE most amazing women in the world- she is a great dancer, she dissects cats better than anyone I know, she gets distracted quite easily, and she likes spaceship's with people falling out of them.

Anna Yuryevna Netrebko (Russian: ), (born 18 September 1971 in Krasnodar, Russia) is a Russian-Austrian soprano and opera singer. ... Alexander Tamanian (1878-1936) was an Armenian architect, who is remembered today for his work in the city of Yerevan. ... Gennady Ivanovich Padalka (Russian: Геннадий Иванович Падалка) was born June 21, 1958, in Krasnodar, Russia. ... Sergei Tiviakov (b. ... Eduard Kokcharov Eduard Kokcharov handball player, left half Birthday : November 4, 1975, Krasnodar Hight-Weight: 185/92 Basic club: SKIF Krasnodar Former clubs: SKIF Krasnodar, Celje Pivovarna Laško Major success: European champion 04 Gold 2000 Summer Olympics Sydney, Gold World championship 1997, Silver World championship 1999, Silver European championship 2000... Lazaros Papadopoulos (Greek: Λάζαρος Παπαδόπουλος; born June 3, 1980 in Krasnodar, U.S.S.R), is a Greek professional basketball player currently with Real Madrid in Spain. ...

External links

  • Official website of Krasnodar City Administration and City Duma
  • Krasnodar photographs
  • Inside Krasnodar blog

{{{}}} Krasnodar Krai (Russian: , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Abinsk (Russian: ), known as Abinsky before 1963, is a town in Krasnodar Krai in Russia, located some 75 km southwest of Krasnodar. ... Anapa (Russian: ) is a seaport town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Coordinates: Russia Russia District Southern Russia Subdivision Krasnodar Krai Government  - Mayor Dzhambulat Khatuov Population (2005)  - City 191,700 Time zone MSK (UTC+3)  - Summer (DST) MSD (UTC+4) Website: www. ... Belorechensk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Gelendzhik (Russian: ) is a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the Black Sea coast some 89 km from Krasnodar. ... Goryachy Klyuch, also known as Psekups (Russian: ) is a town and a balneological resort in Krasnodar Krai in Russia, located on the Psekups River (Kubans tributary) some 65 km south of Krasnodar. ... Gulkevichi (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located 150 km north-east of Krasnodar at . Population: 35,141 (2002 Census). ... Khadyzhensk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Pshits River 113 km south-east of Krasnodar at . Population: 21,286 (2002 Census). ... Korenovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Beysuzhyok Levy River (a tributary of the Beysug) 64 km north-east of Krasnodar at . Population: 40,844 (2002 Census). ... Kropotkin (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kuban River. ... Krymsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Kurganinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia on the right bank of the Laba River 248 km east of Krasnodar at . Population: 46,618 (2002 Census). ... Labinsk (Russian: Лабинск; former name - станица Лабинская, or stanitsa Labinskaya (until 1947)) is a town in the Krasnodar Krai in Russia, located on the Laba River (Kubans tributary). ... Novokubansk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia situated on the Kuban River. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... Primorsko-Akhtarsk (Russian: ) is a port town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the coast of the Sea of Azov 151 km north-west of Krasnodar at . Population: 32,677 (2002 Census). ... Slavyansk-na-Kubani (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Protoka River (an arm of the Kuban River). ... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... Temryuk (Темрюк in Russian) is a town in the Krasnodar Krai in Russia, located on the right bank of the Kuban River not far from the Sea of Azov and the site of ancient Tmutarakan. ... Tikhoretsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Timashyovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Kirpili River 73 km north of Krasnodar at . Population: 54,116 (2002 Census). ... Tuapse (Russian: , Adyghe: ТIуапсэ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the northeast shores of the Black Sea. ... Ust-Labinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Yeysk (Russian: ) is a port town in and the administrative center of Yeysky District of Krasnodar Krai. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Krasnodar Krai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (405 words)
Krasnodar Krai (Russian: Краснода́рский край) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District.
Krasnodar Krai encompasses the western part of the Forecaucasus and a part of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major.
Krasnodar Krai borders, clockwise from the west, Ukraine—from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch and the Sea of Azov—Russia's Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, and the Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia, and Georgia's breakaway republic of Abkhazia.
Krasnodar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (509 words)
Krasnodar (Russian: Краснода́р) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River.
During the Great Patriotic War Krasnodar was occupied by the German Army between August 12, 1942 and February 12, 1943.
Major tourist attractions include St. Catherine Cathedral, State Arts Museum, park and theatre named after Maxim Gorky, Krasnodar Philharmonic Society with beautiful concert hall, which is considered as one of the best acoustic properties in the South of Russia, State Cossack Choir and Krasnodar circus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m