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Encyclopedia > Krashovani
Krashovani
Total population 5,000 approx. (most declare themselves as Croats, with some as Krashovani)
Regions with significant populations Romania (Caraş-Severin County)
Language Torlakian (traditionally); Croatian language (declared in census)
Religion Predominantly Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs

The Krashovani (Croatian and Serbian: Krašovani, Крашовани, Karašovani or Krašovanje, Karaševci and Koroševci; Romanian: Caraşoveni, Cârşoveni, Cotcoreţi or Cocoşi; also known as Krashovans) are a South Slavic people indigenous to Caraşova and other nearby locations in Caraş-Severin County within the Romanian Banat. Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... CaraÅŸ-Severin (IPA: ; Serbian and Croatian: KaraÅ¡-Severin/Караш Северин, Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény) is a county (judet) of Romania, in historical region Banat, with the capital city at ReÅŸiÅ£a. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... The Croatian language (Croatian: ) is a language of the western group of South Slavic languages which is used primarily by the Croats. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Countries inhabited predominantly by Slavic peoples The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Eastern Europe. ... Countries inhabited by South Slavs (in black) Distribution of Slavic peoples by language The South Slavs are a southern branch of the Slavic peoples that live in the Balkans, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Countries inhabited predominantly by Slavic peoples The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Eastern Europe. ... CaraÅŸova location map CaraÅŸova (Romanian: CaraÅŸova, Serbian and Croatian: KraÅ¡ova/Крашова, Hungarian: Krassóvár) is a commune in Romania, known especially for its geographical placement and for the origin of its inhabitants, the Krashovani. ... CaraÅŸ-Severin (IPA: ; Serbian and Croatian: KaraÅ¡-Severin/Караш Северин, Hungarian: Krassó-Szörény) is a county (judet) of Romania, in historical region Banat, with the capital city at ReÅŸiÅ£a. ... Banat (Romanian: Banat; Serbian: Банат or Banat; German: Banat; Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság; Slovak: Banát) is a geographical and historical region in Southeastern Europe divided among three countries: the eastern part belongs to Romania (the counties of TimiÅŸ, CaraÅŸ-Severin, Arad, and MehedinÅ£i), the western...


It is estimated that there are around 5,000 Krashovani in Romania, with only some 200 opting for the nationality itself, the remainder choosing Croatian ethnicity.

Contents

Geography

Krashovani form a majority in two communes of Caraş-Severin County: Caraşova and Lupac. A commune (comună in Romanian) is, along with the municipality, the lowest level of administrative subdivision in Romania. ... CaraÅŸova location map CaraÅŸova (Romanian: CaraÅŸova, Serbian and Croatian: KraÅ¡ova/Крашова, Hungarian: Krassóvár) is a commune in Romania, known especially for its geographical placement and for the origin of its inhabitants, the Krashovani. ... Location of Lupac commune Lupac (Croatian and Serbian: Lupak or Лупак) is a commune in CaraÅŸ-Severin County, Romania. ...


According to the 2002 census in Romania, the population of Caraşova commune comprises 84.60% Croats, 4.96% others (presumably Krashovan), 4.47% Roma, 4.41% Romanians, etc. [1] The population of Lupac commune comprises 93.38% Croats, 5.32% Romanians, etc. [2] The 79.75% of population of Caraşova municipality and 93.45% of population of Lupac municipality declared to speak Croatian as mother tongue in 2002 census. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require a spell check. ...


Origin and history

A Krashovani-inhabited area within the Caraş-Severin County
A Krashovani-inhabited area within the Caraş-Severin County

Original Slavic settlements had existed in these regions before the Krashovan migration. Krashovani themselves are mostly descendants of the Torlakian inhabitants of eastern Serbia, namely the region around the Timok River. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (741x860, 45 KB)South Slavs in Romania (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (741x860, 45 KB)South Slavs in Romania (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Area where Torlakian dialect is spoken Torlaks (Torlaci, Торлаци) is a name for inhabitants of south-eastern Serbia who speak the Torlakian dialect of the Serbian language. ... Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... Timok (Cyrillic: Тимок) is a river in Serbia. ...


Some of the Krashovani originate from Turopolje region of present-day Croatia (they are being referred as Turopoljci). Because of the long-time influence of other Krashovani, who speak the Torlakian dialect, the original (Kajkavian) dialect of this group also became Torlakian. Other groups are supposedly Croats from the Franciscan province of Bosna Srebrena. Coat of arms Turopolje is a region between Velika Gorica and Sisak in Croatia. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... Kajkavian (kajkavski) dialect is one of the three dialects of Croatian language. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... The Roman Catholic Church in Bosnia and Herzegovina is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ...


The Krashovani were also considered Bulgarians by some (mainly Bulgarian) scientists from the first half of the 20th century (such as G. Cibrus, M. Mladenov, K. Telbizov, and T. Balkanski). However, these claims are based on the fact that these and some other Bulgarian scientists consider the entire Torlakian-speaking Slavic population ethnically Bulgarian, just as Serbian scientists consider it ethnically Serbian. The question of whether the Torlakian dialect belongs to the eastern or western branches of South Slavic languages is also disputed, and it is often classified as a transitional dialect between the two. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Krashovani migration to Banat can be traced to the 1370s, when fleeing the Ottoman onslaught, they moved there from Timok region (in that time ruled by Bulgaria). The Catholic supremacy inside the Kingdom of Hungary (to which the Banat region belonged at the time) may account for their distinctiveness from the rest of the Torlakian-speaking population in present-day eastern Serbia. Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s 1360s - 1370s - 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s 1420s Years: 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 Events and Trends Mamai was a powerful military commander of Golden Horde, who resided in the western part of this... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ...


According to the Austrian population census there were over 10,000 Krashovans in the Romanian Banat. In 1896 the Austro-Hungarian census listed around 7,500 Krashovans; the same was stated by the authorities of the Kingdom of Romania in 1940. Their number dropped to 6,500 in 1992 according to the census of the government of Romania. Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... From 1859 to 1877, Romania evolved from a personal union of two vassal principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia) under a single prince to a full-fledged independent kingdom with a Hohenzollern monarchy. ...


Ever since the Romanian Revolution, the government of Romania has awarded special minority status and privileges to its ethnic Serb citizens. The Democratic Union of Serbs and Krashovani of Romania (Uniunea Democratică a Sârbilor si Caraşovenilor din România) was founded in 1989. The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Serbs in Romania The Serbs are an ethnic minority in Romania. ... The Romanian constitution reserves 18 seats in the Senate for parties and cultural associations of the ethnic minorities in Romania. ...


Language and religion

The geographical distribution of the Torlakian dialect, with the Caraşova area inhabited by Krashovani marked
The geographical distribution of the Torlakian dialect, with the Caraşova area inhabited by Krashovani marked

Their dialect is an archaic speech elsewhere preserved only in the area of eastern and southern Serbia and in the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria, the Torlakian dialect of the Timok valley around Zaječar. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (881x935, 60 KB)This is the historical map of Soc. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (881x935, 60 KB)This is the historical map of Soc. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... Anthem: (Macedonian for Today over Macedonia) Capital (and largest city) Skopje Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area  - Total 25,333 km² (148th) 9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... Zaječar is a town on the east of Republic of Serbia. ...


However, their religion has more recently set them apart from Eastern Orthodox Serbs in the Banat, despite the common language and a long history of solidarity (partly continued to this day through joint Serb-Krashovan organizations). Early history The Serbs migrated to the Balkans during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius (610-641). ...


See also

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Caraşova location map Caraşova (Romanian: Caraşova, Serbian and Croatian: Krašova/Крашова, Hungarian: Krassóvár) is a commune in Romania, known especially for its geographical placement and for the origin of its inhabitants, the Krashovani. ... Location of Lupac commune Lupac (Croatian and Serbian: Lupak or Лупак) is a commune in Caraş-Severin County, Romania. ... Area where Torlakian dialect is spoken Torlaks (Torlaci, Торлаци) is a name for inhabitants of south-eastern Serbia who speak the Torlakian dialect of the Serbian language. ... Geographical distribution of Torlakian dialect (exception of Bulgaria) Torlakian is the name used for the dialects spoken in Southern and Eastern Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro), Northwest Republic of Macedonia (Kratovo-Kumanovo) and Northwest Bulgaria (Vidin-Bregovo). ... The Croats (Hrvati in Croatian, croaţi in Romanian) are an ethnic minority in Romania, numbering 6786 people according to the 2002 census. ... The Serbs are an ethnic minority in Romania. ... Banat Bulgarians in Romania (in brown) The Banat Bulgarians (Bulgarian: , banatski balgari, endonym palćene and banátsći balgare) are a Bulgarian minority group living mostly in the Romanian part of the historical region of the Banat. ...

External links

  • Rumunjski Hrvati - Home
  • Mladost Karaševo

  Results from FactBites:
 
Krashovani - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (453 words)
Krashovani are in majority in two municipalities of Caraş-Severin County: Caraşova and Lupac.
Krashovani themselves are mostly descendants of the inhabitants of eastern Serbia, namely the region around the Timok River.
Krashovani migration to Banat can be traced to the 1370s, when fleeing the Ottoman onslaught, they moved there from Timok region (in that time ruled by Bulgaria).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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