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Encyclopedia > Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk live in Stockholm in 2004
Kraftwerk live in Stockholm in 2004
Background information
Origin Düsseldorf, Germany
Genre(s) Avant-garde
Electronic
Synthpop
Krautrock
Years active 1970–present
Label(s) Kling Klang
EMI
Astralwerks (US)
Associated acts Organisation
Neu!
Karl Bartos
Wolfgang Flür
Website Official Web Site
Members
Ralf Hütter
Florian Schneider
Fritz Hilpert
Henning Schmitz
Stefan Pfaffe (2008 touring member)
Former members
Karl Bartos
Wolfgang Flür
Emil Schult
Fernando Abrantes
Klaus Röder
Plato Kostic
Peter Schmidt
Michael Rother
Houschäng Néjadepour
Klaus Dinger
Charly Weiss
Thomas Lohmann
Andreas Hohmann
Eberhard Kranemann

Kraftwerk (pronounced [ˈkʁaftvɛɐk], German for "power plant" or "power station") is an influential electronic-music band from Düsseldorf, Germany. Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Experimental rock or Avant rock is a type of art music based on rock and roll which experiments with the basic elements of the genre, and/or which pushes the boundaries of common composition and performance technique. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Synthpop is a subgenre of New Wave in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... Krautrock, also known as Kosmische Musik, is a generic name for the experimental music scene that appeared in Germany in the late 1960s and gained popularity throughout the 1970s. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Kling Klang is Kraftwerks studio in Düsseldorf, Germany. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... Astralwerks is an New York based record label which releases primarily electronic music. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Organisation was an experimental Krautrock band, that was the predecessor of Kraftwerk. ... Neu! (the German word for new, pronounced noy) were a German band, probably the archetypal example of what the UK music press at the time dubbed Krautrock. ... Karl Bartos was born on May 13, 1952 in Berchtesgaden, Germany. ... Wolfgang Flür (born 17 July 1947) was a member of the Kraftwerk electro-pop group from 1973 to 1987, playing electronic drums. ... Ralf Hütter (born 20 August 1946 in Krefeld, Germany) is the lead singer, keyboardist, and reportedly band leader of Kraftwerk and is usually the one interviewed. ... Florian Schneider-Esleben (born April 7th, 1947, Germany) is one of the founding members of influential and pioneering electronic music band Kraftwerk. ... Fritz Hilpert, born May 31, 1956 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Henning Schmitz, born December 26, 1953 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Karl Bartos was born on May 13, 1952 in Berchtesgaden, Germany. ... Wolfgang Flür (born 17 July 1947) was a member of the Kraftwerk electro-pop group from 1973 to 1987, playing electronic drums. ... Emil Schult is a Düsseldorf artist, and was once a member of the electronic music band, Kraftwerk. ... Klaus Röder (often spelt Roeder) is a German musician and music teacher, born 7 April 1948 in Stuttgart, Germany. ... Michael Rother (born September 2, 1950 in Hamburg) is a German rock musician and composer. ... Klaus Dinger is a German musician and songwriter most famous for his contributions to the seminal Krautrock outfit, Neu!, and his invention of the Motorik beat. ... For other uses, see Power station (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Power station (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ...


The signature Kraftwerk sound combines driving, repetitive rhythms with catchy melodies; mainly following a Western classical style of harmony, in a minimalistic electronic arrangement. The group's simplified lyrics are frequently sung through a vocoder or generated by computer-speech software. In the mid to late 1970s and the early 1980s, Kraftwerk's distinctive sound was revolutionary for its time, and it has had a lasting impact across nearly all genres of modern popular music.[1][2][3][4][5] Repetitive music is music which features a relatively high degree of repetition in its creation or reception. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the present. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... A vocoder (name derived from voice encoder, formerly also called voder) is a speech analyzer and synthesizer. ... This article is about the machine. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... For the music genre, see Pop music. ...

Contents

History

Kraftwerk was founded in 1970 by Florian Schneider (flutes, synthesizers, electro-violin) and Ralf Hütter (electronic organ, synthesizers). The two had met as students at the Düsseldorf Conservatory in the late 1960s, participating in the German experimental music scene of the time, which the British music press dubbed "Krautrock". Florian Schneider-Esleben (born April 7th, 1947, Germany) is one of the founding members of influential and pioneering electronic music band Kraftwerk. ... Ralf Hütter (born 20 August 1946 in Krefeld, Germany) is the lead singer, keyboardist, and reportedly band leader of Kraftwerk and is usually the one interviewed. ... For experimental rock music, see experimental rock. ... Krautrock, also known as Kosmische Musik, is a generic name for the experimental music scene that appeared in Germany in the late 1960s and gained popularity throughout the 1970s. ...


The duo had originally performed together in a quintet known as Organisation. This ensemble released one album, titled Tone Float for RCA Records in the UK. The unit split shortly thereafter. The two began setting up their own private studio in a rented loft in Düsseldorf, which later became known as Kling Klang. Early Kraftwerk line-ups from 1970–1974 fluctuated, as Hütter and Schneider worked with around a half-dozen other musicians over the course of recording three albums and sporadic live appearances; most notably guitarist Michael Rother and drummer Klaus Dinger, who left to form Neu! The input, expertise, and influence of producer/engineer Konrad "Conny" Plank was significant as well. Plank worked with many other leading German acts, including members of Can, Neu!, Cluster and Harmonia. As a result of his work with Kraftwerk, Plank's studio near Köln became one of the most sought-after studios in the late 1970s. Plank produced the first four Kraftwerk albums, but ceased working with the band after the commercial success of "Autobahn", apparently over a dispute about contracts. Painter and graphic artist Emil Schult became a regular collaborator with the band starting in 1973, playing bass guitar and electro-violin. Schult then went on to design artwork in addition to writing lyrics and accompanying the group on tour. Organisation was an experimental Krautrock band, that was the predecessor of Kraftwerk. ... The word ensemble can refer to a musical ensemble (This, along with ensemble cast are the most commonly used ways to describe an ensemble, though obviously not the only ways) an ensemble cast (drama) (This, along with musical ensemble are the most commonly used ways to describe an ensemble, though... Tone Float is an LP by the German band Organisation. ... RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Kling Klang is Kraftwerks studio in Düsseldorf, Germany. ... Michael Rother (born September 2, 1950 in Hamburg) is a German rock musician and composer. ... Klaus Dinger is a German musician and songwriter most famous for his contributions to the seminal Krautrock outfit, Neu!, and his invention of the Motorik beat. ... Neu! (the German word for new, pronounced noy) were a German band, probably the archetypal example of what the UK music press at the time dubbed Krautrock. ... Konrad Conny Plank (frequently spelled Planck) (born about 1943 in Austria, died December 18, 1987 in Cologne) was a record producer. ... Can was a musical group formed in West Germany in 1968. ... Neu! (the German word for new, pronounced noy) were a German band, probably the archetypal example of what the UK music press at the time dubbed Krautrock. ... Cluster is a German krautrock musical group who influenced the development of new age music and ambient music. ... Harmonia is a Krautrock supergroup from Germany. ... Köln may refer to: Cologne (German: Köln), the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the North Rhine-Westphalia state German Cruiser Köln that served from 1930-1945 mostly for the Kriegsmarine German Frigate Köln (1961-1982), a F120 Köln class frigate of... Autobahn is a song composed in 1974 by Florian Schneider and Ralf Hütter of the German electronic band Kraftwerk, with Emil Schult collaborating on the lyrics. ... Emil Schult is a Düsseldorf artist, and was once a member of the electronic music band, Kraftwerk. ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ...


What is generally regarded as the classic Kraftwerk line-up was formed in 1975, for the Autobahn tour. During this time, the band was presented as a quartet, with Hütter and Schneider joined by Wolfgang Flür and Karl Bartos as electronic percussionists. This quartet would be the band's public persona for its renowned output of the latter 1970s and early 1980s. Flür had joined the band in 1973, in preparation for a television appearance to promote its third album. The group's striking custom-made electronic percussion pads, played by Flür, made their debut as well. Bartos also helped to write many of the band's most memorable songs. Wolfgang Flür (born 17 July 1947) was a member of the Kraftwerk electro-pop group from 1973 to 1987, playing electronic drums. ... Karl Bartos was born on May 13, 1952 in Berchtesgaden, Germany. ... Pikasso guitar In 2006 luthier Yuri Landman built the Moodswinger, a 12 string overtone zither for Aaron Hemphill of the noiseband Liars A custom made instrument is a musical instrument that is considered to be of ones own design or a modification or extension of a defined guideline of...


The band is notoriously reclusive, as they refuse to accept mail and allow no visitors at the Kling Klang Studio. Another notable example of this eccentric behaviour was reported to Johnny Marr of The Smiths by Karl Bartos, who explained that anyone trying to contact the band for collaboration would be told the studio telephone did not have a ringer, since during recording, the band did not like to hear any kind of noise pollution. Instead, callers were instructed to phone the studio precisely at a certain time, whereupon the phone would be answered by Ralf Hütter, despite never hearing the phone ring. Chris Martin, lead singer of UK group Coldplay, anecdotally recalled, in a late 2007 article in Q about Kraftwerk, the process of requesting permission to sample the melody from the track "Computer Love" in its 2005 release "Talk" from its album X&Y. He recalled writing them a letter and sending it through the lawyers of the respective parties and several weeks later receiving an envelope containing a handwritten reply that simply said yes. Johnny Marr (born John Martin Maher on 31 October 1963 in Ardwick, Manchester) is an English guitarist, keyboardist, harmonica player and singer. ... The Smiths were an English rock band active from 1982 to 1987, based on the songwriting partnership of singer Morrissey and guitarist Johnny Marr. ... This article is about the Coldplay musician. ... Coldplay are an English alternative rock band formed in London in 1997. ... Q is a music magazine published monthly in the United Kingdom, with a circulation of 140,282 and a readership of 731,000. ... Computer Love may refer to: Computer Love (Zapp & Roger) - song by Zapp & Roger Computer Love (Kraftwerk) - song by Kraftwerk Computer Love is also as song by the band Eruption (band) Category: ... Talk is a song by English alternative rock band Coldplay and was released as the third single from their 2005 album, X&Y. It was released 19 December 2005 and the radio edit had been available for online purchase since 14 November. ... -1...


In 1990, after years of withdrawal from live performance, Kraftwerk began to tour Europe again regularly. In 1998 the group made its first appearances in the United States and Japan since the completion of the Computer World tour in 1981. Hütter had wanted to play more shows over the years, but the cost and time involved in shipping all of the group's huge analog equipment hindered world tours and travel outside of Europe. The band also ran into problems with customs officials in the Eastern Bloc region, with some of them fearing that the group's older computers at the time would trigger nuclear devices by mistake. During this decade, the band often stated that it was working on new material—though speculation about release dates fell through several times. The growing time between recordings, the rarity of live performances, Hütter and Schneider's alleged obsession with cycling, and the increasingly perfectionist nature of the recording process were the major reasons behind the departure of Flür and soon after Bartos, whose improvisations and song-writing capabilities were an essential part of Kraftwerk's later recordings. Following the departure of Flür and Bartos, Kling Klang studio personnel Fritz Hilpert and Henning Schmitz have appeared in what some have called the second classic line-up of Kraftwerk, which has been active from late 1991 to the present. Computer World (German version: Computerwelt) is a concept album created by Kraftwerk and released in 1981. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc 1948-1989. ... Cycling is the use of bicycles, or - less commonly - unicycles, tricycles, quadricycles and other similar wheeled human powered vehicles (HPVs) as a means of transport, a form of recreation or a sport. ... Kling Klang is Kraftwerks studio in Düsseldorf, Germany. ... Fritz Hilpert, born May 31, 1956 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Henning Schmitz, born December 26, 1953 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ...


In July 1999 the single "Tour de France" was reissued in Europe after it had been out of print for several years. It was released for the first time on CD in addition to a repressing of the 12-inch vinyl single. Both versions feature slightly altered artwork that removed the faces of Flür and Bartos from the four man cycling peloton as depicted on the original cover. Also at this time, the group signed a new contract with Sony-ATV Music Publishing. The single "Expo 2000", the group's first new song in 13 years, was released in December 1999 and subsequently remixed by contemporary techno musicians such as Underground Resistance and Orbital. This version was released as "Expo Remix" in November 2000. Before this time, the only artists allowed to remix the band's recordings were François Kevorkian and William Orbit. Tour de France is a song by Kraftwerk. ... Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC is one of the worlds largest music publishing companies. ... Expo 2000 is a song by Kraftwerk. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ... Underground Resistance (commonly abbreviated to UR) are a musical collective from Detroit, Michigan, in the United States of America. ... Orbital was an English techno duo from 1989 until 2004, consisting of brothers Paul and Phil Hartnoll. ... François Kevorkian François Kevorkian, alias François K, (born January 10, 1954) is a French-born US DJ, remixer, producer and record label owner. ... William Orbit ( born on 15 December 1956 as William Mark Wainwright in Shoreditch, Hackney) is an English musician and record producer, perhaps best known to most for his work on Madonnas album Ray of Light, which received four Grammy Awards. ...


In 2000 ex-member Flür published his autobiography in Germany, Ich war ein Roboter. Later English-language editions of the book were titled Kraftwerk: I Was a Robot. The text revealed many previously unreported details about life in the band. This book met with hostility and litigation from Hütter and Schneider, who disputed several of its claims (e.g., that Flür had built the band's first electronic drum pads) and objected to the public discussion of personal information.


In August 2003 the band released Tour de France Soundtracks, its first album of new material since 1986's Electric Café. In 2004 a box set titled The Catalogue was planned for release. It was to feature remastered editions of the group's albums from 1974's Autobahn to 2003's Tour de France Soundtracks. The item was soon withdrawn from Kraftwerk and EMI's album release schedule. It was only released as a promotional item on CD, which has become a much-wanted item that has often appeared on internet auction sites such as eBay.[6] In 2007, the group showed a renewed interest in releasing the collection, although an official street date was not given. Tour de France Soundtracks is a 2003 album by Kraftwerk. ... Electric Café is a music album by the group Kraftwerk. ... A box set (sometimes referred to as a boxed set) is one or more musical recordings, films, television programs, or other collection of related things that are contained in a box. ... The Catalogue (German title: Der Katalog) is a proposed forthcoming boxset consisting of albums by Kraftwerk which were released from 1974 to 2003. ... This article is about the online auction center. ...


In June 2005 the band's first-ever official live album, Minimum-Maximum, which was compiled from the shows during the band's tour of spring 2004, received extremely positive reviews. Most of the tracks featured had been heavily reworked and remodeled from the existing studio versions. The album was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Electronic/Dance Album. In December, the Minimum-Maximum two-DVD set was released to accompany the album, featuring live footage of the band performing the Minimum-Maximum tracks in various venues all over the world. Minimum-Maximum is the first official live album release by Kraftwerk, released on June 6, 2005, almost 35 years after the group gave their first live performance. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Minimum-Maximum is the first official live album release by Kraftwerk, released on June 6, 2005, almost 35 years after the group gave their first live performance. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...


April 2008 saw the band back on tour in the United States leading up to its previously announced show at the Coachella Festival.[7] Florian Schneider did not participate in the lineup of the 2008 US tour.[8] The lineup consisted of Ralf Hütter, Henning Schmitz, Fritz Hilpert, and Stefan Pfaffe. In September, the group will play three consecutive dates in Poland. It is not known whether Florian Schneider will be present at these concerts. Florian Schneider-Esleben (born April 7th, 1947, Germany) is one of the founding members of influential and pioneering electronic music band Kraftwerk. ... Ralf Hütter (born 20 August 1946 in Krefeld, Germany) is the lead singer, keyboardist, and reportedly band leader of Kraftwerk and is usually the one interviewed. ... Henning Schmitz, born December 26, 1953 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Fritz Hilpert, born May 31, 1956 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ...


Members

  • Ralf Hütter – synthesizers, organ, lead vocals
  • Florian Schneider – synthesizers, background vocals, computer-generated vocals
  • Fritz Hilpert – sound engineering, electronic percussion
  • Henning Schmitz – sound engineering, electronic percussion, live keyboards.
  • Stefan Pfaffe – video technician (filled in for Florian Schneider on the 2008 US tour)

Ralf Hütter (born 20 August 1946 in Krefeld, Germany) is the lead singer, keyboardist, and reportedly band leader of Kraftwerk and is usually the one interviewed. ... Florian Schneider-Esleben (born April 7th, 1947, Germany) is one of the founding members of influential and pioneering electronic music band Kraftwerk. ... Fritz Hilpert, born May 31, 1956 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Henning Schmitz, born December 26, 1953 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ...

Former members

  • Karl Bartos – electronic percussion (1975–1991), live vibraphone (1975), keyboards on Computer World tour (1981)
  • Wolfgang Flür – electronic percussion (1973–1987)

Bartos and Flür are the most widely recognized former members of Kraftwerk; they are featured on the group's most popular recordings. Other former members include: Karl Bartos was born on May 13, 1952 in Berchtesgaden, Germany. ... Wolfgang Flür (born 17 July 1947) was a member of the Kraftwerk electro-pop group from 1973 to 1987, playing electronic drums. ...

  • Fernando Abrantes – electronic percussion
  • Klaus Röder – guitar, electro-violin
  • Emil Schult – guitar, electro-violin (later employed as a painter/graphic designer and lyricist)
  • Plato Kostic (a.k.a. Plato Riviera) – bass guitar.
  • Peter Schmidt – drums
  • Michael Rother – guitar
  • Houschäng Néjadepour – guitar
  • Klaus Dinger – drums
  • Charly Weiss – drums
  • Thomas Lohmann - drums
  • Andreas Hohmann – drums
  • Eberhard Kranemann – bass guitar

Andreas Hohmann, Klaus Dinger and Klaus Röder were the only other former members to be featured on any official Kraftwerk recordings. Anthony Rother has been featured on several bootleg recordings and seen in several TV performances. An unreleased studio recording session produced by Konrad "Conny" Plank, featuring the trio of Florian Schneider, Dinger, and Rother, is rumoured to have taken place. Apparently, these plans were scrapped when Ralf Hütter returned to the group in 1971, before starting the recording sessions for Kraftwerk 2. Klaus Röder (often spelt Roeder) is a German musician and music teacher, born 7 April 1948 in Stuttgart, Germany. ... Emil Schult is a Düsseldorf artist, and was once a member of the electronic music band, Kraftwerk. ... Michael Rother (born September 2, 1950 in Hamburg) is a German rock musician and composer. ... Klaus Dinger is a German musician and songwriter most famous for his contributions to the seminal Krautrock outfit, Neu!, and his invention of the Motorik beat. ... Kraftwerk 2 is a 1972 album by Kraftwerk. ...


Music

Like many other Krautrock bands, Kraftwerk was heavily influenced by the pioneering compositions of Karlheinz Stockhausen; the minimalism and non-R&B rhythms of the Velvet Underground, as well as other radicals of the time, such as Frank Zappa, Jimi Hendrix, and the hyper-adrenalized Stooges. Hütter has also listed The Beach Boys as a major influence,[9] which is apparent in its 1975 chart smash, Autobahn. Hütter stated that the Beach Boys made music that sounded like California, and that Kraftwerk wanted to make music that sounded like Germany. Hütter and Schneider were also fans of soul music and, later, developed an aesthetical affinity for punk rock and American punk icons the Ramones. Krautrock, also known as Kosmische Musik, is a generic name for the experimental music scene that appeared in Germany in the late 1960s and gained popularity throughout the 1970s. ... Karlheinz Stockhausen (born August 22, 1928) is a German composer, and one of the most important and controversial composers of the 20th century (Barret 1988, 45; Harvey 1975b, 705; Hopkins 1972, 33; Klein 1968, 117; Power 1990, 30). ... The Velvet Underground and Nico (from left to right: John Cale, Nico, Lou Reed, Sterling Morrison, and Maureen Tucker) The Velvet Underground (Affectionately known as The Velvets, or V.U. for short) was an American rock and roll band of the late 1960s. ... Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Not to be confused with The Three Stooges. ... The Beach Boys is an American rock and roll band. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... The Ramones (L-R, Johnny, Tommy, Joey, Dee Dee) on the cover of their debut self-titled album (1976), cementing their place at the dawn of the punk movement. ...


Though most famous for its synthpop albums, Kraftwerk began as a Krautrock jam band in the vein of Can or Neu! Its first three albums were more free-form experimental rock without the pop hooks or the more disciplined strong structure of its later work. Kraftwerk, released in 1970, and Kraftwerk 2, released in 1972, were mostly exploratory jam music, played on a variety of traditional instruments including guitar, bass, drums, electric organ, flute and violin. Post-production modifications to these recordings were then used to distort the sound of the instruments, particularly audio-tape manipulation and multiple dubbings of one instrument on the same track. Both albums are purely instrumental. Synthpop is a subgenre of New Wave in which the synthesizer is the dominant musical instrument. ... Krautrock, also known as Kosmische Musik, is a generic name for the experimental music scene that appeared in Germany in the late 1960s and gained popularity throughout the 1970s. ... The term jam band is commonly used to describe psychedelic rock-influenced bands whose concerts largely consist of bands reinterpreting their songs as springboards into extended improvisational pieces of music. ... Can was a musical group formed in West Germany in 1968. ... Neu! (the German word for new, pronounced noy) were a German band, probably the archetypal example of what the UK music press at the time dubbed Krautrock. ... Kraftwerk is the first album by Kraftwerk. ... Kraftwerk 2 is a 1972 album by Kraftwerk. ...


With Ralf und Florian, released in 1973, the band began to move closer to its classic sound, relying more heavily on synthesizers and drum machines. Although almost entirely instrumental, the album marks Kraftwerk's first use of the vocoder, which would, in time, become one of its musical signatures. Ralf und Florian is a 1973 album by Kraftwerk. ... Synth redirects here. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... A vocoder (name derived from voice encoder, formerly also called voder) is a speech analyzer and synthesizer. ...


The group's breakthrough, both critically and commercially, came in 1974 with the Autobahn album and its 22-minute title track, featuring the Motorik beat, which was a worldwide hit and demonstrated its increasing reliance on synthesizers and electronics. This preceded a quintet of recorded works that would exert a huge influence on popular music—Radio-Activity (1975), Trans-Europe Express (1977), The Man-Machine (1978), Computer World (1981) and the single, Tour de France (1983). Autobahn (German for motorway) is an album by Kraftwerk, released in 1974. ... Autobahn is a song composed in 1974 by Florian Schneider and Ralf Hütter of the German electronic band Kraftwerk, with Emil Schult collaborating on the lyrics. ... Motorik is a term coined by music journalists to describe the 4/4 beat often used by some so-called Krautrock bands such as Neu! and Kraftwerk. ... The term synthesiser is also used to mean frequency synthesiser, an electronic system found in communications. ... Radio-Activity is a 1975 album by Kraftwerk. ... Trans-Europe Express is the English language version of a 1977 music album by German band Kraftwerk (see 1977 in music). ... The Man-Machine is a 1978 album by Kraftwerk. ... Computer World (German version: Computerwelt) is a concept album created by Kraftwerk and released in 1981. ... Tour de France is a song by Kraftwerk. ...


Kraftwerk's lyrics deal with post-war European urban life and technology—traveling by car on the Autobahn, traveling by train, using home computers, and the like. Usually, the lyrics are very minimal but reveal both an innocent celebration of, and a knowing caution about, the modern world, as well as playing an integral role in the rhythmic structure of the songs. Many of Kraftwerk's songs express the paradoxical nature of modern urban life—a strong sense of alienation existing side-by-side with a celebration of the joys of modern technology. This article is about the German, Austrian and Swiss road system. ... This article is about a musical style. ...


Kraftwerk was one of the first pop-oriented acts to record using pure electronic (or electronically processed) instruments and sounds exclusively. Many of the vocals in its songs are processed through a vocoder or generated using speech-synthesis software. In addition, a Texas Instruments Language Translator[10] was used to generate synthetic speech on its 1981 album Computer World—not a Speak and Spell as is commonly believed (though its bleeps do occur at the beginning of "Home Computer").[11] It also pioneered the use of backing tracks that were generated by the electronic sequencing of purely synthetic sounds. Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... Computer World (German version: Computerwelt) is a concept album created by Kraftwerk and released in 1981. ... Speak & Spell can refer to several things: Speak & Spell - Depeche Modes 1981 album Speak & Spell - a 1978 Texas Instruments game This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


All of its albums from Trans-Europe Express onward have been recorded in separate versions: one with German vocals for sale in Germany, Switzerland and Austria and one with English vocals for the rest of the world, with occasional variations in other languages when conceptually appropriate. Tour de France was released in French, along with a limited German edition. The German-language versions are Kraftwerk's attempt to provide an alternative to the dominant Anglo-American influence in rock and pop music. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Tour de France is a song by Kraftwerk. ...


Tour De France Soundtracks, which expanded the concept from the 1983 hit single, was recorded exclusively in French. Tour de France Soundtracks is a 2003 album by Kraftwerk. ...


Live shows

Live performance has always played an important part in Kraftwerk's activities. Also, despite its live shows generally being based around formal songs and compositions, live improvisation often plays a noticeable role in its performances. This trait can be traced back to the group’s roots in the experimental Krautrock scene of the late 1960s, but, significantly, it has continued to be a part of its playing even as it makes ever greater use of digital and computer-controlled sequencing in its performances. Some of the band's familiar compositions have been observed to have developed from live improvisations at its concerts or sound-checks. Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ...


Early gigs (1970–1974)

Early in the group's career, between 1970 and 1974, the group made sporadic live appearances. These shows were mainly in its native Germany, with occasional shows in France, featuring a variety of line-ups. A few of these performances were for television broadcasts. The only constant figure in these line-ups was Schneider, whose main instrument at the time was the flute; at times also playing violin and guitar, all processed through a varied array of electronic effects. Hütter, who left the band for six months in 1971 to pursue studies in architecture, played synthesizer keyboards (including Farfisa organ and electric piano). Various other musicians who appeared on stage as part of the group during these years included Klaus Dinger (acoustic drums), Andreas Hohmann (acoustic drums), Thomas Lohmann (acoustic drums), Michael Rother (electric guitar), Charly Weiss (drums), Eberhard Kranemann (bass-guitar), Plato Kostic (bass-guitar), Emil Schult (electro-violin, electric guitar) and Klaus Roeder (electric violin, electric guitar). Later performances from 1972–73 were made as a duo, using a simple beat-box-type electronic drum machine, with preset rhythms taken from an electric organ. Later in 1973, Wolfgang Flür joined the group for rehearsals, and the unit performed as a trio on the television show, Aspekte, for German television network WDR. This article is about building architecture. ... Farfisa is a brand name for a series of electronic organs and later multitimbral keyboards, made in Ancona in the Marche region of Italy. ... An electric piano (e-piano) is an electric musical instrument whose popularity started in the late 1960s, was at its greatest during the 1970s and still is big today. ... Klaus Dinger is a German musician and songwriter most famous for his contributions to the seminal Krautrock outfit, Neu!, and his invention of the Motorik beat. ... Michael Rother (born September 2, 1950 in Hamburg) is a German rock musician and composer. ... Emil Schult is a Düsseldorf artist, and was once a member of the electronic music band, Kraftwerk. ... Klaus Röder (often spelt Roeder) is a German musician and music teacher, born 7 April 1948 in Stuttgart, Germany. ... A Boss DR-202 Drum Machine A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument designed to imitate the sound of drums and/or other percussion instruments. ... Wolfgang Flür (born 17 July 1947) was a member of the Kraftwerk electro-pop group from 1973 to 1987, playing electronic drums. ... The Westdeutsche Rundfunk (WDR) is a public broadcaster in the German Bundesland North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office is in Köln. ...


Documentation of this period in the group's history is sparse, with Hütter and Schneider not keen to talk about it in later interviews. A few bootleg recordings are in circulation. The only official released material is its 1971 performance on the German Beat Club TV show, which is available on DVD. For other uses, see Bootleg. ... For the record label, see Beat Club Records Der Beat-Club was a German music programme that ran from September 1965 to December 1972. ...


Tours with the quartet line-up (1975–1981)

The year 1975, saw a turning point in Kraftwerk's live shows. With financial support from Phonogram in the US, they were able to undertake a multi-date tour to promote the Autobahn album. This tour took them to the US, Canada and the UK for the first time. The tour also saw a new, stable, live line-up in the form of a quartet. Hütter and Schneider both mainly played keyboard parts on synthesizers such as the MiniMoog and ARP Odyssey, with Schneider's use of flute diminishing. The pair also sang vocals on stage for the first time, with Schneider also using a vocoder live. Wolfgang Flür and new recruit Karl Bartos performed live electronic percussion using custom-made (and, at the time, unique) sensor pads hit with metal sticks to complete a circuit and trigger analog synthetic percussion circuits (initially cannibalized from the aforementioned organ beat box). Bartos also used a Deagan Vibraphone on stage. The Hütter-Schneider-Bartos-Flür line-up would remain in place until the late 1980s. Emil Schult generally fulfilled the role of tour manager. Phonogram Records was started in 1962 as a joint venture between Philips Records and Deutsche Grammophon. ... Autobahn (German for motorway) is an album by Kraftwerk, released in 1974. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Synth redirects here. ... The Minimoog is a monophonic analog synthesizer, invented by David van Koevering and Robert Moog. ... The ARP Odyssey was an analog synthesizer introduced in 1972. ... A vocoder (name derived from voice encoder, formerly also called voder) is a speech analyzer and synthesizer. ... Karl Bartos was born on May 13, 1952 in Berchtesgaden, Germany. ...


By the late 1970s the band's live set focused increasingly on song-based material, with greater use of vocals, less acoustic instrumentation, and the use of sequencing equipment for percussion and musical lines. The approach taken by the group was to use the sequencing equipment interactively, thus allowing room for improvisation. In 1976, the group went out on tour in support of the Radio-Activity album. As Kraftwerk's trivial status as a "novelty act" began to dissipate in the mainstream US, this tour took Kraftwerk around Europe only, with the foursome making its first stops in the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Italy, Austria, and Switzerland.


This tour also tested out an experimental light-beam-activated drum cage allowing Flür to trigger electronic percussion through arm and hand movements. Unfortunately, the device did not work as planned, and it was quickly abandoned. Despite the new innovations in touring, the band took a break from live performances after the Radioactivity tour of 1976. The band did, however, appear on television shows to promote the albums Trans Europe Express and The Man-Machine. Trans-Europe Express is a Kraftwerk album released in 1977. ... The Man-Machine is a 1978 album by Kraftwerk. ...


The band returned to the live scene with the Computer World tour of 1981, where the band effectively packed up its entire Kling Klang studio and took it on the road with them. Around this time, Wolfgang Flür was heavily involved in designing customized modular housing and packaging for the group's touring equipment. The band also developed an increasing use of visual elements in the live shows during this period. This included back-projected slides and films, increasingly synchronized with the music as the technology developed, the use of hand-held miniaturized instruments during the set, and, perhaps most famously, the use of replica mannequins of themselves to perform onstage during the song "The Robots." The group came back to the US, Canada and the UK; this tour also marked the first time that Kraftwerk had toured in Spain, Poland, Hungary, Japan, Australia, India and China. Computer World (German version: Computerwelt) is a concept album created by Kraftwerk and released in 1981. ... A wooden mannequin For other uses, see Mannequin (disambiguation). ...


Several bootleg recordings of this period have been widely available, some even in major retail stores, particularly from the Autobahn and Computer World tours. Autobahn (German for motorway) is an album by Kraftwerk, released in 1974. ... Computer World (German version: Computerwelt) is a concept album created by Kraftwerk and released in 1981. ...


1990s and 2000s

The completion of the Computer World tour in the winter of 1981, then precipitated an almost decade-long hiatus in Kraftwerk's live activities. The unit did not perform live again until 1990; by this time, Flür had left the band three years earlier and was replaced by Fritz Hilpert. A few secret shows took place in Italy in February, which were the last to feature Karl Bartos. The next proper tour was in 1991, for the album The Mix. Again, this tour only took place in Europe, as planned dates for the US and Canada were eventually scrapped. Hütter and Schneider wished to continue the synth-pop quartet style of presentation, and recruited Fernando Abrantes as a replacement for Bartos. Abrantes was dismissed shortly thereafter. In late 1991 Henning Schmitz was brought in to finish the remainder of the tour and to complete a new version of the quartet that still remains active to this day. In 1993, only four shows were played in Germany, Austria and Belgium with The Man-Machine added to the set list. Fritz Hilpert, born May 31, 1956 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Henning Schmitz, born December 26, 1953 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ...


Kraftwerk laid dormant from the live scene once again until 1997, when it headlined the Tribal Gathering festival in the UK. It was the near-legendary success of that show, that led to a two week mini tour in 1998, with the group visiting the US and Japan for the first time since 1981. By this time, the US audience had swelled into a small underground cult following; only major metropolitan cities were visited that were of core interest—Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Detroit, and New York. This outing also took the group to South America for the first time with shows in Brazil and Argentina. Once again, these were all monumental performances. Three new songs were performed during this period, which remain unreleased to this day. Following this trek, the group decided to take another break. Tribal Gathering is a dance music festival that catered for different types of dance music cultures such as Techno, Rave, House and Drum & Bass. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... This article is about the state. ...


In 2002 the band was touring again in Europe and Japan, using four customized Sony VAIO laptop computers, effectively leaving the entire Kling Klang studio at home in Germany. The group also obtained a new set of transparent video panels to replace its four large projection screens. This greatly streamlined the running of all of the group's sequencing, sound-generating, and visual-display software. From this point, the band's equipment increasingly reduced manual playing, replacing it with interactive control of sequencing equipment. Hütter retains the most manual performance, still playing selected musical lines by hand on a controller keyboard and singing live vocals and having a repeating ostinato. Much of Schneider's live vocoding has been replaced by software-controlled speech-synthesis techniques. Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... VAIO logo VAIO, an acronym for Video Audio Integrated Operation, is a sub-brand for many of Sonys computer products. ... Laptop with touchpad. ... In music, an ostinato (derived from Italian: stubborn, compare English: obstinate) is a motif or phrase which is persistently repeated at the same pitch. ...


In January 2003, prior to the release of the album Tour de France Soundtracks, the group performed in Australia at several dates on the Big Day Out festival; this was also its latest visit to the region since 1981. A show was also played for the first time in New Zealand. In November, the group made a surprising appearance at the MTV European Music Awards in Edinburgh, Scotland, featuring a visually stunning performance of Aerodynamik. In 2004 the band toured in support of Tour de France Soundtracks. In addition to all of its usual stops, Kraftwerk ventured to Canada once again for the first time since 1981, and explored previously untouched regions of the globe, as the quartet made its first visits to Iceland, Russia, Latvia, Estonia, Slovenia, Ireland, Portugal, Chile, and Mexico. The group also visited US cities Seattle and Miami for the first time, with the latter region's famous Miami Bass sub-genre of hip-hop heavily influenced by the combination of Kraftwerk and electro music. The Big Day Out (BDO) is an annual music festival that tours Australia and New Zealand which originated in Sydney in 1992. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Miami bass (also known as booty music, a term that may also include other genres, such as dirty rap), is a type of hip hop music that became popular in the 1980s and 1990s. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ...


In 2005 the group released its first official live album, Minimum-Maximum, recorded on the aforementioned 2004 world tour. In support of this release, Kraftwerk made another quick sweep around the globe, with more first visits in Serbia, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, and Greece. In December, the DVD release of Minimum-Maximum was made available. Minimum-Maximum is the first official live album release by Kraftwerk, released on June 6, 2005, almost 35 years after the group gave their first live performance. ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Minimum-Maximum is a double DVD created by Kraftwerk, consisting of live shows performed during their 2004 world tour. ...


In 2006 a small number of festivals were played in Norway, the Czech Republic, Spain, Belgium, and Germany. The songs Showroom Dummies and Computer Love were added to the set list. This was the first time that Showroom Dummies had been played live since 1981.


The future

Most recently, Kraftwerk was announced as a headlining act at the 2008 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival. This was its second appearance at the festival since 2004. The group performed on the evening of April 26, 2008. At the end of the song "Radioactivity," "Tschernobyl: April 26th, 1986," was added to the Background video. This article is about the annual music and arts festival. ...


Prior to the performance at Coachella, Kraftwerk played three shows in US cities Minneapolis, Milwaukee, and Denver. The touring quartet consisted of Ralf Hutter, Henning Schmitz, Fritz Hilpert, and video technician Stefan Pfaffe. Florian Schneider was curiously absent from the lineup. It is unknown what Schneider's status in the group is at this point in time.[12]
Three new live dates have been added in Kraków, Poland at the sixth Sacrum Profanum Festival. These shows will take place at the Old Lenin Factory from September 19–21, 2008, as revealed on the group's Web site and MySpace page. This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... Cover of the album Ralf und Florian. ... Henning Schmitz, born December 26, 1953 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Fritz Hilpert, born May 31, 1956 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Florian Schneider-Esleben (born April 7th, 1947, Germany) is one of the founding members of influential and pioneering electronic music band Kraftwerk. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... MySpace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. ...


Influence on other genres

Kraftwerk’s releases in the 1970s and early 1980s, most significantly Radio-Activity (1975), Trans-Europe Express (1977), The Man-Machine (1978), and Computer World (1981), directly influenced and continues to inspire many popular artists from many diverse generes of music.


One of the first major recording artists to claim a direct influence from Kraftwerk's music was David Bowie. Part of this can be heard in a series of albums that start with Station To Station and continue with the Berlin Trilogy—Low, "Heroes", and Lodger. Iggy Pop's association with Bowie during this period would result in the classic albums Lust For Life and The Idiot. Kraftwerk's members were mutual fans of both artists, name-dropping them in the lyrics of its 1977 single "Trans-Europe Express." David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... For the David Bowie album, click here. ... Low is a 1977 album by British musician David Bowie. ... Heroes (the quotation marks are part of the title, for reasons of irony)[1] is an album by David Bowie, released in 1977. ... Lodger is a 1979 album by David Bowie. ... James Newell Osterberg, Jr. ... Lust for Life is a 1977 album by Iggy Pop, his second collaboration with David Bowie following The Idiot, released earlier in the year. ... The Idiot is a novel written by the Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky in 1869. ... Name dropping, also called namechecking (especially in hip hop music) or brand-name dropping, is the practice of mentioning important people or institutions into a conversation, story, song or other communication. ...


Following this were the artists in the new rock and dance-music scenes that were developing in the US, Europe, and Japan. A large number of them borrowed heavily from Kraftwerk not only musically but also in terms of image and ideas. This can be seen and heard in a wide variety of artists such as Gary Numan, Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark, Human League, Depeche Mode, Devo, Joy Division, Telex, Yellow Magic Orchestra, Giorgio Moroder, New Order, Front 242, Cabaret Voltaire, Art of Noise, Yello, Ultravox, Visage, and Thomas Dolby. For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For the video game programmer Garry Newman, see Garrys Mod. ... Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark (often abbreviated to OMD) are a synth pop group whose founder members are originally from the Wirral Peninsula, UK. OMD record for Virgin Records (originally for Virgins DinDisc subsidiary). ... The Human League are an English synthpop band formed in 1977, who, after several changes in line up, achieved great popularity in the 1980s and a limited comeback in the mid-1990s. ... Depeche Mode (pronounced ) are an electronic music band formed in 1980, in Basildon, Essex, England. ... Devo (pronounced DEE-vo or dee-VO, often spelled DEVO or DEV-O) is an American New Wave group formed in Akron, Ohio in 1972. ... This article is about the band. ... Telex can refer to more than one thing: For the communications network, see Telegraphy. ... Yellow Magic Orchestra is a Japanese electropop band, formed in 1978. ... Giorgio Moroder (born Giovanni Giorgio Moroder on April 26, 1940 in Ortisei, Italy) is an Academy Award-winning Italian record producer, songwriter and performer, whose groundbreaking work with synthesizers during the 1970s was a significant influence on new wave, techno and electronic music in general. ... This article is about the alternative rock/electronic band New Order. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Cabaret Voltaire was a British music group from Sheffield, England. ... Art of Noise Edited twelve inch single featured the iconic Art of Noise mask Art of Noise was an avant-garde synthpop group formed in 1983 by producer Trevor Horn, music journalist Paul Morley, and session musicians/studio hands Anne Dudley, J.J. Jeczalik, and Gary Langan. ... Yello is a popular Swiss electronica band consisting of Dieter Meier and Boris Blank. ... Ultravox (formerly Ultravox!) was one of the primary exponents of the British electronic pop music movement of the early 1980s. ... Visage was a New Romantic band that began life in 1978, mainly to provide some danceable music to be played on Steve Stranges and Rusty Egans Billys London nightclub. ... Thomas Dolby (born Thomas Morgan Robertson, on 14 October 1958) is an English musician, producer, and inventor. ...


In addition to David Bowie, Kraftwerk also turned down offers to collaborate with Michael Jackson and Elton John.[13] For other persons named Michael Jackson, see Michael Jackson (disambiguation). ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ...


Afrika Bambaataa’s Planet Rock (1982) was a major defining hit for hip-hop and the birth of electro music, which contains elements of '"Trans-Europe Express" and "Numbers." Legal action was pursued against Bambaataa and won for the blatant use of these particular sounds and melodies without giving proper credit to the group. Since the lawsuit, proper credit is now given on the song’s writing credits. Numerous artists have continued to sample and pilfer various elements from Kraftwerk's catalog. Afrika Bambaataa is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Electro, short for electro funk (also known as robot hip hop and Electro hop) is an electronic style of hip hop directly influenced by Kraftwerk and funk records (unlike earlier rap records which were closer to disco). ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ...


The influence of Kraftwerk’s distinctive use of synthesizers, drum machine rhythms, and heavily effected vocals can also be heard on early Detroit techno records. Detroit techno artists Derrick May and Juan Atkins tried to replicate Kraftwerk’s sound on early techno records such as Cybotron’s Clear (1983), Model 500’s No UFOs (1985), and Derrick May’s Nude Photo (1986). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Derrick May, also known as Mayday and Rhythim is Rhythim, is an electronic musician from Detroit, Michigan U.S.. He was born in Detroit in 1963 and began to explore electronic music early in his life. ... Juan Atkins (born December 9, 1962 in Detroit) is an American musician. ... Clear (1990) Cybotron was a techno group formed in 1980 by Juan Atkins and Richard 3070 Davis in Detroit, Michigan. ... Juan Atkins (born December 9, 1962) is an American musician. ...


Kraftwerk was also a major influence in the genre of Chicago house Music. Keith Farley's (Farley "Jackmaster" Funk of the Hot Mix 5) recording '"Funkin With the Drums Again" pays homage to Kraftwerk's "Home Computer" and "It's More Fun to Compute," which are cult classics in Chicago's house-music history. House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... Keith Farley (born Farley Keith Williams, January 25, 1962, Chicago, Illinois) is a DJ and record producer of Chicago house music. ...


While touring after the release of Astronaut in 2005, Duran Duran would signify its arrival on stage by playing "The Robots." This track appeared on the album Nick Rhodes and John Taylor present Only after Dark (2006). When Duran Duran played Broadway in November 2007, and the Lyceum in London in December 2007, it performed "Showroom Dummies" as part of its electro set. Each band member used electronic instruments—Nick and John used a Korg Radias and Simon used a microKorg. Singles from Astronaut Released: October 4, 2004) Released: January 31, 2005) Released: iTunes download Astronaut is an album by British band Duran Duran, first released on October 11, 2004 (see 2004 in music). ... Duran Duran are an English rock band notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ... Duran Duran are an English rock band notable for a long series of popular singles and vivid music videos. ...


The band has also had an influence on celtic fusion, most notably in the use of electronic sounds to complement traditional instruments in the music of bands such as the Peatbog Faeries; its fourth album was called Croftwork and featured the track "Trans-Island Express." Celtic Fusion is a broad umbrella term for modern music which incorporates traditional Celtic influences, or Celtic music which incorporates modern music. ... The Peatbog Faeries are a Celtic Fusion band, based in the Isle of Skye off the coast of Scotland, forming in 1994. ... Croftwork is the fourth album by Scottish Celtic fusion group Peatbog Faeries, recorded in Roag on the Isle of Skye, and released in 2005 on the bands own Peatbog Records record label. ...


A petition for the induction of Kraftwerk into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame was recently created through PetitionOnline. It has been eligible for induction since 1996.[14] However, there has been no formal consideration by the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's ruling committee. Look up Petition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... PetitionOnline is a website which hosts public petitions. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ...


Videography

See The Official Kraftwerk Video Page at http://www.kraftwerk.tv and links below.

  • 1974 : Autobahn
  • 1975 : Radio-Activity [2]
  • 1975 : Antenna [3]
  • 1977 : Trans-Europe Express [4]
  • 1978 : The Robots [5]
  • 1978 : The Model [6]
  • 1979 : Neon Lights [7]
  • 1981 : Pocketcalculator [8] [9]
  • 1982 : Showroom Dummies (Remix)
  • 1983 : Tour de France [10]
  • 1986 : Music Non-Stop [11]
  • 1987 : The Telephone Call [12]
  • 1991 : The Robots 1991 [13]
  • 1991 : Radio-Activity (William Orbit Remix) [14]
  • 2000 : Expo 2000
  • 2000 : Expo 2000 (DJ Rolando Remix)
  • 2003 : Tour de France 2003
  • 2004 : Aerodynamik @ MTV EMA 2003
  • 2005 : Minimum-Maximum (promo video)

Discography

This discography focuses on Kraftwerk's English-language releases. Alternative-language versions are also noted. Chart positions are given for the United Kingdom and United States of America. UK chart positions are taken from the Guinness Book of Hit Singles. USA chart positions are taken from the Billboard Hot 100 Web site (http://www.billboard.com/).


For more information on individual releases including track listings and label details see Kraftwerk discography. Although they began as performers of improvised live music in the early 1970s, Kraftwerk’s main body of work consists primarily of studio recordings, released mostly as concept albums. ...


For country specific releases such as items released in South America and Eastern Europe visit [15].


Albums

  • 1970: Tone Float (as Organisation)
  • 1970: Kraftwerk
  • 1972: Kraftwerk 2
  • 1973: Ralf und Florian
  • 1974: Autobahn
  • 1975: Radio-Activity (German version: Radio-Aktivität)
  • 1977: Trans-Europe Express (German version: Trans-Europa Express)
  • 1978: The Man-Machine (German version: Die Mensch-Maschine)
  • 1981: Computer World (German version: Computerwelt)
  • 1986: Electric Café (German version: Electric Café [Deutsche Version])
  • 1991: The Mix (album of re-recorded back-catalogue - German version: The Mix [Deutsche Version])
  • 2003: Tour de France Soundtracks
  • 2004: The Catalogue (German version: Der Katalog) Promotionally issued, remastered box set of albums from 1974 to 2003. Official release TBA.
  • 2005: Minimum-Maximum (live album – 2 CDs/4 LPs, 2 DVDs, also available as a special edition Notebook with an 88-page book)

Notes:
The only difference between the Radio-Activity and Radio-Aktivität albums is the packaging. The music on both albums is identical. Tone Float is an LP by the German band Organisation. ... Organisation was an experimental Krautrock band, that was the predecessor of Kraftwerk. ... Kraftwerk is the first album by Kraftwerk. ... Kraftwerk 2 is a 1972 album by Kraftwerk. ... Ralf und Florian is a 1973 album by Kraftwerk. ... Autobahn (German for motorway) is an album by Kraftwerk, released in 1974. ... Radio-Activity is a 1975 album by Kraftwerk. ... Trans-Europe Express is the English language version of a 1977 music album by German band Kraftwerk (see 1977 in music). ... The Man-Machine is a 1978 album by Kraftwerk. ... Computer World (German version: Computerwelt) is a concept album created by Kraftwerk and released in 1981. ... Electric Café is a music album by the group Kraftwerk. ... The Mix is a 1991 music album by Kraftwerk. ... Tour de France Soundtracks is a 2003 album by Kraftwerk. ... The Catalogue (German title: Der Katalog) is a proposed forthcoming boxset consisting of albums by Kraftwerk which were released from 1974 to 2003. ... Remaster (and its derivations, frequently found in the phrases digitally remastered or digital remastering) is a word and concept ushered into the mass consciousness via the digital age, although it had existed before then. ... A box set (sometimes referred to as a boxed set) is one or more musical recordings, films, television programs, or other collection of related things that are contained in a box. ... Minimum-Maximum is the first official live album release by Kraftwerk, released on June 6, 2005, almost 35 years after the group gave their first live performance. ...


Tour de France Soundtracks was only released in French.


Compilations

Kraftwerk has never authorized any best-of albums; however, the group's former record companies often put together compilations of old material to cash in on the band's growing popularity, particularly during the early 1980s. A number of these releases can be found here in the following link [16], as they are too numerous to list here.


Singles

  • 1973: Kohoutek-Kometenmelodie
  • 1974: Comet Melody 2 (German version: Kometenmelodie 2)
  • 1975: Autobahn (UK #11 USA #25)
  • 1976: Radio-Activity (German version: Radioaktivität)
  • 1977: Trans-Europe Express (German version: Trans-Europa Express' - USA #67')
  • 1977: Showroom Dummies (French version: Les Mannequins)
  • 1978: The Robots (German version: Die Roboter)
  • 1978: The Model (German version: Das Model)
  • 1979: Neon Lights (UK #53)
  • 1981: Pocket Calculator (German version: Taschenrechner - Japanese version: Dentaku - French version: Mini Calculateur - UK #39)
  • 1981: Computer Love (UK #36)
  • 1981: The Model (Reissue - UK #1)
  • 1982: Computerwelt (Remix) [German only release]
  • 1982: Showroom Dummies (Remix - UK #25)
  • 1983: Tour de France (Released in German and French versions - UK #22)
  • 1984: Tour de France (Remix - Released in German and French versions - UK #24)
  • 1986: Musique Non-Stop (UK #82)
  • 1987: The Telephone Call (German version: Der Telefon Anruf - UK #89)
  • 1991: The Robots (Re-recorded version from "The Mix" - German version: Die Roboter - UK #20)
  • 1991: Radioactivity (Re-recorded version from "The Mix" - German version: Radioaktivität - UK #43)
  • 1999: Tour de France (Reissue - Released in French only - UK #61)
  • 1999: Expo 2000 (UK #27)
  • 2000: Expo Remix (various remixes)
  • 2003: Tour de France 2003 (UK #20)
  • 2003: Aerodynamik (UK #33)
  • 2003: Elektro-Kardiogramm (Radio Mix - Promo Only)
  • 2007: Aerodynamik/La Forme (Remixed by Hot Chip)

Kohoutek-Kometenmelodie is a recording by German band Kraftwerk, recorded and released in Germany in 1973. ... Comet Melody 2 (Kometenmelodie 2) is a single by Kraftwerk. ... Autobahn is a song composed in 1974 by Florian Schneider and Ralf Hütter of the German electronic band Kraftwerk, with Emil Schult collaborating on the lyrics. ... Radioactivity is a song written by Ralf Hütter, Florian Schneider and Emil Schult, and recorded by electronic band Kraftwerk as the title track of their 1975 album Radio-Activity. ... The Robots is a single by Kraftwerk. ... The Model (Das Modell) is a song by German musicians Ralf Hütter and Karl Bartos, with artist Emil Schult collaborating on the lyrics. ... Neon Lights is a cover album by Simple Minds, released in 2001. ... Computer Love (german version title: Computerliebe) is a song by the German electronic band Kraftwerk. ... The Model (Das Modell) is a song by German musicians Ralf Hütter and Karl Bartos, with artist Emil Schult collaborating on the lyrics. ... Tour de France is a song by Kraftwerk. ... Tour de France is a song by Kraftwerk. ... Tour de France is a song by Kraftwerk. ... Expo 2000 is a song by Kraftwerk. ... Expo 2000 is a song by Kraftwerk. ... Front cover of the 2003 CD promo single Elektro Kardiogramm Elektro Kardiogramm is a song by German musicians Ralf Hütter and Fritz Hilpert. ... AeroDynamik / La Forme Remixes is a remix single recorded by Kraftwerk and British band Hot Chip. ...

Collaborations

Ryuichi Sakamoto (坂本 龍一 Sakamoto Ryūichi, born January 17, 1952, Nakano, Tokyo, Japan) is an Academy Awards-winning, Grammy-winning, Golden Globe-winning Japanese musician, composer, producer and actor, based in New York and Tokyo. ...

Bibliography

  • 1994 : "Kraftwerk: Man, Machine and Music" by Pascal Bussy
  • 1998 : "Kraftwerk: From Düsseldorf to the Future" by Tim Barr
  • 1999 : "Kraftwerk: I Was a Robot" by Wolfgang Flür
  • 2000 : "A Short Introduction to Kraftwerk" by Vanni Neri & Giorgio Campani
  • 2002 : "Kraftwerk: The Music Makers" by Albert Koch
  • 2005 : "Kraftwerk Photobook" by Kraftwerk (included in the Minimum-Maximum Notebook set)

Wolfgang Flür (born 17 July 1947) was a member of the Kraftwerk electro-pop group from 1973 to 1987, playing electronic drums. ... Notebook is the expanded version of the Minimum-Maximum live album by Kraftwerk, released in December 2005. ...

See also

Organisation was an experimental Krautrock band, that was the predecessor of Kraftwerk. ... Tone Float is an LP by the German band Organisation. ... Uwe Schmidt (aka Señor Coconut; born in Frankfurt, Germany) is a German DJ and producer of electronic music. ... El Baile Alemán is a 2000 album by Señor Coconut Y Su Conjunto (Uwe Schmidt). ...

References

  1. ^ The Guardian, Desperately Seeking Kraftwerk
  2. ^ NME, Kraftwerk : Minimum-Maximum Live
  3. ^ John McCready on Kraftwerk
  4. ^ Harrington, Richard. "These Days, Kraftwerk is Packing Light", Washington post, Friday, May 27, 2005, p. WE08. Retrieved on 2006-07-06. 
  5. ^ Gill, Andy. "Kraftwerk:". 
  6. ^ More and more remastered Kraftwerk eight-CD promo boxed sets auctioned via eBay
  7. ^ Kraftwerk announce US tourdates
  8. ^ News. Techno-Pop: The Official Kraftwerk Fan-Site (2008-04-20). Retrieved on 2008-04-20.
  9. ^ [1] thing.de Retrieved on 10-10-07
  10. ^ http://www.datamath.org/Speech/LanguageTranslator.htm Datamath.org Retrieved on 06-02-07
  11. ^ http://kraftwerkfaq.hu/equipment.html
  12. ^ News. Techno-Pop: The Official Kraftwerk Fan-Site (2008-04-20). Retrieved on 2008-04-20.
  13. ^ Mojo magazine interview, August 2005
  14. ^ Artists Currently Eligible for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Future Rock Hall (unknown). Retrieved on 2008-05-06.

For other uses, see Guardian. ... For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Official Kraftwerk links:

  • Kraftwerk.com—The official Kraftwerk Web site.
  • Kraftwerk on MySpace—The official Kraftwerk MySpace page.
  • Capitolmusic.de—Capitol/EMI Records' Kraftwerk web site (Germany).
  • Astralwerks Records—Kraftwerk web site of its US label.

Other associates:

  • emilschult.com—Web site of artist Emil Schult.
  • Klaus-Roeder.org—Website of avant-garde Western classical guitarist Klaus Röder, former Kraftwerk member.
  • Early Kraftwerk—Former associate Eberhard Kranemann reminisces about the Düsseldorf music scene during the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Further information:

Discogs, short for discographies, is a website and database of information about music recordings, including commercial releases, promotional releases, and certain bootleg or off-label releases. ... Alex Kapranos (born Alexander Paul Kapranos Huntley, March 20, 1972) is an English musician of part Greek descent. ... Ralf Hütter (born 20 August 1946 in Krefeld, Germany) is the lead singer, keyboardist, and reportedly band leader of Kraftwerk and is usually the one interviewed. ... Florian Schneider-Esleben (born April 7th, 1947, Germany) is one of the founding members of influential and pioneering electronic music band Kraftwerk. ... Fritz Hilpert, born May 31, 1956 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Henning Schmitz, born December 26, 1953 in Germany, is a member of the electro-pop group Kraftwerk. ... Karl Bartos was born on May 13, 1952 in Berchtesgaden, Germany. ... Klaus Röder (often spelt Roeder) is a German musician and music teacher, born 7 April 1948 in Stuttgart, Germany. ... Wolfgang Flür (born 17 July 1947) was a member of the Kraftwerk electro-pop group from 1973 to 1987, playing electronic drums. ... Emil Schult is a Düsseldorf artist, and was once a member of the electronic music band, Kraftwerk. ... Michael Rother (born September 2, 1950 in Hamburg) is a German rock musician and composer. ... Klaus Dinger is a German musician and songwriter most famous for his contributions to the seminal Krautrock outfit, Neu!, and his invention of the Motorik beat. ... Kraftwerk is the first album by Kraftwerk. ... Kraftwerk 2 is a 1972 album by Kraftwerk. ... Ralf und Florian is a 1973 album by Kraftwerk. ... Autobahn (German for motorway) is an album by Kraftwerk, released in 1974. ... Radio-Activity is a 1975 album by Kraftwerk. ... Trans-Europe Express is the English language version of a 1977 music album by German band Kraftwerk (see 1977 in music). ... The Man-Machine is a 1978 album by Kraftwerk. ... Computer World (German version: Computerwelt) is a concept album created by Kraftwerk and released in 1981. ... Electric Café is a music album by the group Kraftwerk. ... The Mix is a 1991 music album by Kraftwerk. ... Tour de France Soundtracks is a 2003 album by Kraftwerk. ... Klang Box was a special edition box set compilation of music by Kraftwerk, issued in the UK in May 1997 as a promotional item ahead of Kraftwerks 24th May appearance at the Tribal Gathering Festival, held at Luton Hoo, England. ... Minimum-Maximum is the first official live album release by Kraftwerk, released on June 6, 2005, almost 35 years after the group gave their first live performance. ... The Catalogue (German title: Der Katalog) is a proposed forthcoming boxset consisting of albums by Kraftwerk which were released from 1974 to 2003. ... Kohoutek-Kometenmelodie is a recording by German band Kraftwerk, recorded and released in Germany in 1973. ... Tour de France is a song by Kraftwerk. ... Expo 2000 is a song by Kraftwerk. ... Minimum-Maximum is a double DVD created by Kraftwerk, consisting of live shows performed during their 2004 world tour. ... Although they began as performers of improvised live music in the early 1970s, Kraftwerk’s main body of work consists primarily of studio recordings, released mostly as concept albums. ... Konrad Conny Plank (frequently spelled Planck) (born about 1943 in Austria, died December 18, 1987 in Cologne) was a record producer. ... Kling Klang is Kraftwerks studio in Düsseldorf, Germany. ... Organisation was an experimental Krautrock band, that was the predecessor of Kraftwerk. ... Tone Float is an LP by the German band Organisation. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Kraftwerk (427 words)
Kraftwerk (German for "power plant") is a German avant-garde electro-pop group who were largely responsible for much of the subsequent uptake of, and interest in, electronic music.
Kraftwerk have impinged on mainstream popular culture to the extent that they have been referenced in The Simpsons and Father Ted.
Kraftwerk also experimented with the use of computer graphics as a backdrop for their shows.
Kraftwerk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2576 words)
Kraftwerk (pronounced [ˈkʁaftvɛɐk], German for "power station") is a German musical group which has made significant contributions to the development of experimental and electronic music.
Kraftwerk was founded in 1970 by Florian Schneider-Esleben (flute) and Ralf Hütter (keyboards), the pair setting up their Kling Klang studio in Düsseldorf.
Kraftwerk, released in 1970, and Kraftwerk 2, released in 1972, were mostly exploratory jam music, played on a variety of traditional instruments including guitar, bass, electric organ, flute and violin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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