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Encyclopedia > Kozhikode
  ?Kozhikode
Kerala • India
Coordinates: 11°15′N 75°46′E / 11.25, 75.77
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

• 1 m (3 ft)
District(s) Kozhikode
Population 436,527 (2001)
Mayor M. Bhaskaran
Codes
Pincode
Vehicle

• 673001
• KL 11
Website: kozhikode.nic.in

Coordinates: 11°15′N 75°46′E / 11.25, 75.77 , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links India_Kerala_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Kozhikode District is a district of Kerala state, situated on the southwest coast of India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

For the district with the same name, see Kozhikode District.

Kozhikode pronunciation  in (Malayalam കോഴിക്കോട് ; IPA: [ko:ɹikko:ɖ]), was also known as Calicut, is a city in the southern Indian state of Kerala. It is the third largest city in Kerala and the headquarters of Kozhikode district. Kozhikode was once the capital of an independent kingdom, and later of the erstwhile Malabar District. Kozhikode District is a district of Kerala state, situated on the southwest coast of India. ... Image File history File links Kozhikode. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Kozhikode District is a district of Kerala state, situated on the southwest coast of India. ... In politics, a country (or in some cases, a group of countries) over which a king or queen reigns, is a kingdom, see: monarchy. ... Malabar District was an administrative district of British India and independent Indias Madras State. ...


Kozhikode has an population of 436,527 as of 2001 census, with an extended metropolitan population of about 0.9 million, making it the third largest urban agglomeration and the third largest city in Kerala. According to data compiled by economics research firm Indicus Analytics on residences, earnings and investments, Kozhikode ranked as the No.2nd best city in India to reside-in.Indicus considered six parameters -- health, education, environment, safety, public facilities and entertainment -- for preparing the 'reside-in' index.[1] In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ...

Contents

Name

The word Calicut is the anglicized version of the persian name kozhikooth-means 'hen of Truth'. Traditionally Calicut was a world famous port for trading and it has a long time relationship with Arabian peninsula. As is common with several place names in Kerala, most non-native speakers find it difficult to pronounce the retroflex approximant (IPA symbol: ɻ) in local name 'Kozhikode', hence its called Calicut in ouside world. Tipu Sultan, during the conquest of Malabar, unsuccessfully attempted to change the name of the city to Ferozabad. , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The retroflex approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... Portrait of Tippu Sultan, 1792 Tippu (Tips) Sultan (full name Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu), also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... [Land of uncivilised] Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala Malabar (Malayalam: മലബാര്‍ ) is a region of southern India, lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, and derived from the Malayalam word Mala mean Hill and Persian word Bar means Kingdom, and is same as the word meaning of Malayalam. ...


History

Zheng He's navigation chart from Hormuz to Calicut, 1430
Zheng He's navigation chart from Hormuz to Calicut, 1430

The ports of the Malabar Coast have participated in the Indian Ocean trade in spices, silk, and other goods for over two millennia. There are documented visits in as early as the 14th century, by Chinese travellers such as Zheng He[2]. Kozhikode had emerged as the centre of an independent kingdom by the 14th century, whose ruler was known as the Samoothirippadu (often anglicised as Zamorin). Thus Calicut came to be called the City of Zamorins Image File history File links Download high resolution version (588x800, 77 KB) Summary Admiral Zheng Hos stellar navigation diagram Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Kozhikode ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (588x800, 77 KB) Summary Admiral Zheng Hos stellar navigation diagram Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Kozhikode ... A modern illustration of Zheng He, by an unidentified artist. ... Malabar Coast, Kerala Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala The Malabar Coast also known as the Malabarian Coast, is a long and narrow south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. ... A modern illustration of Zheng He, by an unidentified artist. ... Zamorin is the anglicised version of Samoothirippadu or Samoothiri or Swamy Thirumulpad, a title of the rulers of the erstwhile Hindu state of Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut)(Nediyirippu Swarupam), located in the present day state of Kerala, India, between the 14th and 18th century AD. Manavikraman Raja, the Samoothiri...


In the year 1498 Portuguese explorer Vasco Da Gama landed at 'Kappad', about 25 km from Calicut city.


During the 16th century, the Portuguese set up trading posts to the north in Kannur and to the south in Kochi, but the Zamorin resisted the establishment of a permanent Portuguese presence in the city. In 1509 though, the kingdom was forced to accept a Portuguese trading post in Chaliyar[citation needed]. The Samoothirippadu later allied with Portuguese's rivals, the Dutch, and by the mid-17th century the Dutch had captured the Malabar Coast spice trade from the Portuguese. In 1766 Hyder Ali of Mysore captured Kozhikode and much of the northern Malabar Coast and came into conflict with the British based in Madras, which resulted in four Anglo-Mysore Wars. Kozhikode and the surrounding districts were among the territories ceded to the British by Tipu Sultan of Mysore at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Mysore War in 1792. The newly acquired possessions on the Malabar Coast were organized into the Malabar District of Madras Presidency, and Calicut became the district capital. For the district with the name Kannur, see Kannur District. ... Cochin redirects here. ... Zamorin is the anglicised version of Samoothirippadu or Samoothiri or Swamy Thirumulpad, a title of the rulers of the erstwhile Hindu state of Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut)(Nediyirippu Swarupam), located in the present day state of Kerala, India, between the 14th and 18th century AD. Manavikraman Raja, the Samoothiri... 1509 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chaliyar River is the fourth longest river in Kerala at 169 km in length. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... The Anglo-Mysore Wars were a series of eighteenth-century wars fought in India between the Kingdom of Mysore (then a French ally) and the British East-India Company, represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency. ... Portrait of Tippu Sultan, 1792 Tippu (Tips) Sultan (full name Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu), also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... The Third Anglo-Mysore War (1789-1792) was a war in South India between the Kingdom of Mysore and the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Malabar District was an administrative district of British India and independent Indias Madras State. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ...


After Indian Independence in 1947, Madras Presidency became the Madras State. In 1956, the Indian states were reorganized along linguistic lines. Malabar District was combined with the state of Travancore-Cochin to form the new state of Kerala on November 1, 1956. Malabar District was split into the districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, and Palakkad on January 1, 1957. Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thiru-Kochi, formerly known as Travancore-Cochin, is a former state of India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , For the city with the same name, see Kannur. ... , Sri Killikkurussi Mahadeva Kshetram ( Shiva temple of Killikkurussimangalam). ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


Geography

Kozhikode is located at 11.25° N 75.77° E[3]. It has an average elevation of 1 metre (3 feet). There are many number of rivers and lakes in the district. Chaliyar puzha,Kallayi Puzha Poonoor puzha, Korapuzha, and Iravanjhi puzha are some amongst them. This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Kallayi is a small village on the banks of Kallayi River which links with the Chaliyar river on the south by a man-made canain. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Climate

The district has a generally humid climate with a very hot season extending from March to May. The main rainy season is during the South West Monsoon, which sets in the first week of June and extends up to September. The North East Monsoon extends from the second half of October through November. The average annual rainfall is 3266 mm. The best weather is found towards the end of the year, in December and January—the skies are clear, and the air is crisp. The highest temperature recorded was 39.4 °C in March 1975. The lowest was 14 °C recorded on 26 December 1975. For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Demographics

As of 2001 India census[4], Kozhikode had a population of 436,530. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Kozhikode has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 82%. In Kozhikode, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


People

Hindus constitute the majority of the population, followed by the Muslim and a few Christian communities respectively. Most of the Muslim population of Kozhikode District are known as Mappilas. Here we find a great tradition of Mappila cuisine developed over centuries. The famous "Malabar biriyani" is only one among them. Compared to other parts of Kerala , Calicut's cuisine is very tasty and unique. Local people are very nice and helping in nature. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The Mappilas (historically called Moplahs in Malayalam :മാപ്പിള) are a Syrian Malabar Nasrani and Muslim community in Kerala and neighbouring states and territories of India. ...


More than anything they love football. There are a number of fan clubs of Argentina and Brazil and all other major international teams are very much active in this small western coast city of India. There also exist a few hundred Gujaratis who are predominantly merchants and traders.


Media

Kozhikode occupies a prominent place in the history of Malayalam journalism. The origin of journalism in this district can be traced back to 1880. The Kerala Pathrika is likely to be the earliest newspaper published from Kozhikode. Keralam, Kerala Sanchari and Bharath Vilasam are among the other newspapers that were published from Kozhikode before 1893. Kozhikode is the birth place of one of the top Malayalam dailies "Mathrubhumi". Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Many prominent writers of Malayalam literature are from this city. Among them are M T Vasudevan Nair, S K Pottekkadu and Thikkodian.


The Kozhikode station of All India Radio was commissioned on 14 May 1950. It has two transmitters, Kozhikode AM of 100 kilowatt power and Kozhikode FM (Vividh Bharathi) of 10 kilowatt power. A television transmitter has been functioning in Kozhikode from 3 July 1984, relaying programmes from Delhi and Thiruvananthapuram Doordarshan. For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Thiruvananthapuram   (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം TiruvanÅ­ntapuraṁ), also known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. ... Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ...


Places of interest

  • Kozhikode Beach
  • Mananchira Square named after the pond Mananchira about a square-kilometre in area situated in the heart of the city. It is named after Manadevan the erstwhile ruler of Zamoothiri Kingdom, known as Mana-devan's Chira(Pond) and later transformed to Mana-an-Chira.
  • Art gallery and Krishna Menon Museum at East Hill in Kozhikode
  • Lalitha Kala Academy: An art gallery adjacent to the Kozhikode town hall
  • Planetarium
  • Thusharagiri: A waterfall situated about 55 km from Calicut Railway Station
  • Kozhippara waterfalls is located at the eastern side of the district and offers a good trekking experience.
  • Pavayil Cheerpu-a wonder land
  • Kappad Beach and Kappad Resort: 17 km from Calicut city, this is where Vasco da Gama landed in 1498
  • Peruvannamuzhi[1],Dam site, Boat service,Bird sanctuary and Crocodile sanctuary
  • Kakkayam : Dam Site, Hydro-electrical Project, famous for trekking
  • Purakkattiri, 10 km from city, famous for house boats

V.K. Krishna Menon Vengalil Krishnan (V.K.) Krishna Menon (May 3, 1897 - October 6, 1974) was an Indian nationalist and politician. ...

Beypore

View of Kallai river
View of Kallai river

Beypore is a port city situated 10 km south of Calicut at the mouth of chaliyar river. Beypore is famous for its ancient shipbuilding industry, which constructed uru, the traditional trading vessels of Arabs. The 2km break-water made of stone is another attraction. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 944 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of Kallai river. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 944 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) View of Kallai river. ... A View of the Chaliyar River Beypore(11 degrees 15 minutes north latitude ,75 degrees 45 minutes east longitude) or Beypur is a small coastal village in Kozhikode district of Kerala, south India. ... Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... A View of the Chaliyar River Beypore(11 degrees 15 minutes north latitude ,75 degrees 45 minutes east longitude) or Beypur is a small coastal village in Kozhikode district of Kerala, south India. ...


Major Temples in Kozhikode

  • Tali Mahadeva Temple
  • Sree Valayanad Devi Temple Govindapuram
  • Sreekandeswara Temle
  • Azhakodi Devi Temple
  • Thiruvachira Temple, Thiruvachira, 6 Kilometers from City.

Tali may refer to: Tali (school), secular schools with added religious studies in Israel Tali, Sudan, a town in Sudan Tali, Finland, a town in Finland Tali Yehudai, sister of the notorious Ohad Yehudai Tali (musician), a drum n bass artist Knucklebones used for dice in ancient Rome. ... Govindapuram is a city in Andhra Pradesh, India Govindapuram is a small place in Calicut city, Kerala, India. ...

Culture and cuisine

In the field of Malayalam language and literature, Kozhikode has made many significant contributions. The district is famous for folk songs or ballads known as Vadakkan Pattukal. The most popular songs among them are those which celebrate the exploits of Thacholi Othenan. One of the favourite past times of the Muslims of the district is singing Mappila pattu and Oppana. The songs are composed in a composite language of Arabic and Malayalam. The famous intellectual debate for Vedic scholars to win the coveted position of Pattathanam takes place at Thali temple during the month of Thulam. Kozhikode also has strong associations with ghazals and football. Thacholi Meppayil Kunjhu Othenan(Udayana Kurup of Thacholi Manikoth House) or more popularly Thacholi Othenan (Malayalam: തച്ചോളി ഒതേനന്‍) was a legendary hero from North Kerala a small state in south India, who lived in the 16th century. ... Mappila Paattukal or Mappila Songs are folklore Muslim devotional songs in the Malayalam language. ... This is a popular form of social entertainment among the Muslim community of Kerala prevalent all over, especially in the northern districts of Canaonore, Calicut and Malappuram. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... This article is about the poetic form. ...


The city also has a strong mercantile streak to it. The main area of business was once the Valiyangadi (Big Bazaar) near the Calicut railway station and as time progressed it shifted to other parts of the city. Now the major vein of commerce is the Mittai Theruvu, a long street crammed with shops that sell everything from sarees to cosmetics, and house restaurants to sweetmeat shops. The name Mithai Theruvu or S M Street comes from the famous Kozhikode Halwa which was often called the Sweet Meat by European traders. The multicultural mix of Kozhikode ensures that Onam, Christmas and Id-ul-Fitr (the festivals of the Hindus, Christians and Muslims) are celebrated with equal pomp. Halva (modern English spelling), halava (Sanskrit transliteration), halvah (Hebrew transliteration), halawi (Arabic transliteration), helva (Turkish transliteration) or halwa (alternate Hindi transliteration) is a confection made from semolina. ... Onam (IPA: [oːɳam], Malayalam: ഓണം) is an annual harvest festival, celebrated mainly in the south Indian state of Kerala. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر), often abbreviated as simply Eid, is an Islamic holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting. ...


Kozhikode offers fare for every palate. Vegetarian fare includes the sadya. However, the non-vegetarian food offered in the city is a unique mix of Muslim and Hindu preparations. Some popular dishes include the Biriyani, Ghee Rice with meat curry, sea-food (prawns, mussels, mackerel) and paper thin Pathiris to provide accompaniment to spicy gravy. Another well known Kozhikode speciality is banana chips, which are made crisp and wafer thin.


See also

Educational institutions in Kozhikode district

Kozhikode   in Malayalam കോഴിക്കോട്, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ...

Notables

Achythan A, Dr is basically a Civil Engineer having high exposure to hydraulics and fluid mechanics as well as Environmental issues. ... Pappu or Kuthiravattam Pappu was a popular drama artist amd malayalam cinema comedian actor. ... C.H. Mohammed Koya (b. ... Image:Timekrishnamenon. ... Panakkad Syed Mohammedali Shihab Thangal is the president of the Kerala state committee of the Indian Union Muslim League. ... MT Vasudevan Nair M. T. Vasudevan Nair, popularly known as MT, is a Malayalam author, screenplay writer and film director. ... Sankaran Kutty Pottekkat (born March 14, 1913, died August 6, 1982) was a well-renowned author from Kerala state of south India, whose work Oru Desattinte Katha (The Story of a Land) fetched him the Jnanpith Award in 1980. ... Mamukkoya is a popular malayalam cinema comedian actor. ... K. Kelappan - K. Kelappan was born in a small village of Calicut District in Kerala on August 24, 1889. ... Pilavullakandi Thekkeparambil Usha (born June 27, 1964) is an Indian athlete. ... Vaikom Muhammad Basheer Vaikom Muhammad Basheer (b. ... Umbai is a town between Jasin-Central Melaka border in Melaka. ... Uroob (original name: P C Kuttikrishnan)along with writers like Vaikom Mohammed Basheer , Thakazhi, Kesavadev, Pottekat formed the progressive writers in Malayalam during the twentieth century. ... K.P.Kesavamenon K. P. Kesava Menon was a well known patriot and active volunteer of the freedom fight against the British. ...

Trivia

The name Calico is derived from the name of the city of Calicut. It is a type of cotton that is used a lot in soft furnishing. It was one of the first export commodities to the European nations. Calico was made by the traditional weavers of calicut called 'chaliyans'. Peruvayal panchayat is the largest panchayat in Calicut district.


External links

References

  1. ^ http://www.ibnlive.com/news/best-cities-to-live-invest-and-earn-in/53060-7.html
  2. ^ Ma Huan: Ying Yai Sheng Lan, The Overall Survey of the Ocean's Shores, translated by J.V.G. Mills, 1970 Hakluyt Society, reprint 1997 White Lotus Press. ISBN 974-8496-78-3
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kozhikode
  4. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kozhikode - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1499 words)
It is the headquarters of Kozhikode district, and was formerly the capital of an independent kingdom, and later of the erstwhile Malabar District.
Kozhikode had emerged as the centre of an independent kingdom by the 14th century, whose ruler was known as the Samoothirippadu (often anglicised as Zamorin).Thus Calicut came to be called the 'City of Zamorins'
Kozhikode and the surrounding districts were among the territories ceded to the British by Tipu Sultan of Mysore at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Mysore War in 1792.
Kozhikode district - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1992 words)
Kozhikode District is a district of Kerala state, situated on the southwest coast of India.
The town of Kozhikode, formerly known as Calicut, is the district headquarters.
Kozhikode emerged as the centre of an independent kingdom in the 14th century, whose ruler was known as the Zamorin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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