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Encyclopedia > Kowloon Walled City
The Walled city in 1989, viewed from an airplane.
The Walled city in 1989, viewed from an airplane.

The Kowloon Walled City (traditional Chinese: 九龍城寨; simplified Chinese: 九龙城寨; originally known as 九龍寨城) was an anomaly in Hong Kong's colonial history. China's tiny exclave in the middle of British Hong Kong for decades. It had a colorful existence until it was torn down in 1993. In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... This cites very few or no references or sources. ... Flag of colonial Hong Kong, a Blue Ensign with the colonys coat of arms. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

History

The outpost

The history of the Walled City (known as Kowloon then) can be traced back to the Song Dynasty (960–1279), where it served as a watchpost defending the area against pirates and managing the production of salt. It was rebuilt as a fort in the mid-1800s on the same site on the Kowloon Peninsula of Hong Kong. After the ceding of Hong Kong Island to Britain in 1842 in accordance to the Treaty of Nanjing, the Qing (Chinese) authorities felt it necessary for them to establish a military/administrative post to rule the area and to check further British influence in the area. Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about common table salt. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... // Invention of the Jacquard loom in 1801. ... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: XiānggÇŽngdÇŽo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory... The Treaty of Nanjing (Chinese: 南京條約, NánjÄ«ng TiáoyuÄ“) is the agreement which marked the end of the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and China. ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing the...

Kowloon Walled City, 1915
Kowloon Walled City, 1915

The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory of 1898 which handed additional parts of Hong Kong (the New Territories) to Britain for 99 years excluded the Walled City, with a population of roughly 700, and stated that China could continue to keep troops there, so long as they did not interfere with Britain's temporary rule. Britain quickly went back on this unofficial part of the agreement, attacking Kowloon Walled City in 1899, only to find it deserted. They did nothing with it nor to the outpost, and thus sent the question of Kowloon Walled City's ownership squarely into the air. The outpost consisted of a yamen, as well as other buildings (which eventually grew into a low-lying, densely packed neighborhood within the walls), in the era between the 1890s and the 1940s. The enclave remained part of Chinese territory despite the turbulent events of the early 20th century that saw the fall of the Qing government, establishment of a Republic of China in 1911 and later, the People's Republic of China in 1949. Image File history File links Kowloon-Walled-City-1915. ... Image File history File links Kowloon-Walled-City-1915. ... The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory (aka. ... A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Official Session in a Chinese Yamen, Guangzhou, before 1889. ... This cites very few or no references or sources. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Walled City remained a curiosity - and a tourist attraction where British colonials and tourists could have a taste of the old China - until 1940, when during its WWII occupation of Hong Kong, Japan evicted people from the city, and then demolished much of the city - including the wall - to provide building materials for the nearby Kai Tak Aerodrome. Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Kai Tak Airport (Traditional Chinese: ) was the international airport of Hong Kong from 1925 until 1998. ...


Triad rule

A rare patch of sunlight in the alleys of the city.
A rare patch of sunlight in the alleys of the city.

After Japan's surrender, squatters (whether former residents or - more likely - newcomers) began to occupy the Walled City, resisting several attempts by Britain in 1948 to drive them out. With no wall to protect it initially, the Walled City became a haven for crooks and drug addicts, as the Hong Kong Police had no right to enter the City. Mainland China - whether warlord, Communist, or Kuomintang - refused to take care of it. The foundation of the People's Republic of China in 1949 added thousands of refugees, many from Guangdong, to the population. Image File history File links KowloonWalledCityAlley2. ... Image File history File links KowloonWalledCityAlley2. ... The Japanese representatives, Mamoru Shigemitsu and Yoshijiro Umezu, on board USS Missouri during the surrender ceremonies on 2 September 1945. ... The Hong Kong Police Force (香港警察) (from 1969 to 1997, Royal Hong Kong Police Force (皇家香港警察) is the police force of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ...


By this time, Britain had had enough, and simply adopted a 'hands-off' policy. When a murder occurred in the Walled City in 1959, it set off a small diplomatic crisis as the two nations each tried to get the other to accept responsibility for this tract of land now virtually ruled by anti-Manchurian Triads (a Hong Kong organized crime syndicate). Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... Triad (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Triad Society) or (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Black Society, a general term for criminal organizations) is a term that describes many branches of Chinese underground society and/or organizations based in Hong Kong and Macau and also operating in Taiwan, mainland...


The Triad's rule lasted until 1973-1974, when a series of over 3,000 police raids targeted them in their Kowloon Walled City stronghold. For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ...


Although the walled city was described as a hotbed of criminal activities, the daily lives of its dwellers were largely organized by the residents themselves, rather than by the Triad. Most residents were not involved in any crime and lived peacefully within its walls. Many charities and religious groups helped to improve the lives of residents. Schools and other welfare were being introduced to the district. Numerous small factories and businesses thrived inside the Walled City. The Government of Hong Kong also provided some services such as water and mail delivery in the city. Other Hong Kong topics Culture - Economy Education - Geography - History Hong Kong Portal The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: ; see pronunciation; conventional short name Hong Kong Government, 香港政府), led by the Chief Executive is responsible for the administration of Hong...


The boom

A memory photo of Kowloon Walled City in 1990, viewed from its southwest
A memory photo of Kowloon Walled City in 1990, viewed from its southwest

With the Triads weakened, a sort of synergy blossomed, and the Walled City began to grow almost organically. Square buildings folded up into one another as thousands of modifications were made, virtually none by architects or engineers, until hundreds of square metres were simply a kind of patchwork monolith. Labyrinthine corridors ran through the monolith, some of those being former streets (at the ground level, and often clogged up with trash), and some of those running through upper floors, practically between buildings. The streets were illuminated by fluorescent lights, as sunlight was rare except for the rooftops. The only rules of construction were twofold: electricity had to be provided to avoid fire, and the buildings could be no more than about fourteen stories high, because of the nearby airport. A mere eight municipal pipes somehow provided water to the entire structure (although more could have come from wells).[1] This article is about the mazelike structure from Greek mythology. ...


By the early 1980s, Kowloon Walled City had an estimated population of 35,000. Being a lawless land, the city was notorious for its excess of brothels, casinos, opium dens, cocaine parlours, food courts serving dog meat, and secret factories. The Kowloon Walled City was also infamous for its high number of unsanitary dentist clinics, since this was where unlicensed dentists could operate without prosecution. A brothel, also known as a bordello or whorehouse, is an establishment specifically dedicated to prostitution, providing the prostitutes a place to meet and to have sex with the clients. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... An opium den was an establishment where opium was sold and smoked. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... A platter of cooked dog meat in Guilin, China Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ...


Evacuation and demolition

Over time, both the British and the Chinese governments found the massive, anarchic city to be increasingly intolerable - despite the low reported crime rate. The quality of life in the city, sanitary conditions in particular, was far behind the rest of Hong Kong.


After the Joint Declaration in 1984, the PRC agreed with British authorities to demolish the City and resettle its inhabitants. The mutual decision to tear down the walled city was made in 1987. The Sino-British Joint Declaration, formally known as the Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Peoples Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong, was signed by the Prime Ministers of the Peoples... This article is about the year 1987. ...


At that time, it had 50,000 inhabitants on 0.026 km², and therefore a very high population density of 1,923,077/km², making it one of the most densely populated urban areas on Earth.[2]


The government spent some HK$ 2.7 billion in compensation to the (est 33,000) residents and businesses in a plan devised by a special committee of the Hong Kong Housing Authority.[3] Some residents were not satisfied with the compensation, and some even obstructed the demolition in every possible way. Evacuations started in 1991 and were completed in 1992. ISO 4217 Code HKD User(s) Hong Kong Inflation 2. ... The Hong Kong Housing Authority (HA; Traditional Chinese: 香港房屋委員會; pinyin: Xiānggǎng Fángwū Wěiyuánhuì) is the main provider of public housing in Hong Kong. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


The 1993 movie Crime Story starring Jackie Chan was partly made in the deserted Walled City, and includes real scenes of building explosions. Kowloon Walled City was destroyed in the same year. Also, as the Walled City was beginning to be torn down, a group of Japanese explorers took about a week to tour the empty walled city, making a sort of map and a cross section of the city.[4] Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... For the 1986 TV series, see Crime Story (TV Series). ... Chan Kong-Sang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as Jackie Chan Sing Lung (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) or Jackie Chan SBS, (born on April 7, 1954) is a Chinese martial artist, action star, actor, director, screenwriter, film producer, singer and stunt performer. ...


After the demolition, a park was built in its place with construction starting in May 1994.


Kowloon Walled City Park

Kowloon Walled City Park, with the remnants of the South Gate in the foreground.
Kowloon Walled City Park, with the remnants of the South Gate in the foreground.

The area where the monolith once stood is now a park located in today's Kowloon City District. Completed in August 1995, the park is known as the Kowloon Walled City Park (九龍寨城公園), preserving the heritage of the fabled Walled City and is part of the adjacent Carpenter Road Park. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 657 KB) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Kowloon Walled City User:Deadkid dk Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 657 KB) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Kowloon Walled City User:Deadkid dk Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Sovereign state  Peoples Republic of China Administrative region  Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Location within the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Satellite image) District Officer Miss Agnes Wong, JP Constituencies 22 Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 9. ...


The design of the park is based on the Jiangnan garden style of the early Qing Dynasty. It is divided into eight landscape features, with the centerpiece being the Yamen, a three-hall structure fully restored in its Qing Dynasty appearance. The Yamen houses a photo exhibition and a few relics used or found in the Walled City. Village in Jiangnan Jiangnan or Jiang Nan (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Jiāngnán; Wade-Giles: Chiang nan; sometimes spelled Kiang-nan) is a geographic area referring to lands immediately to the south of the lowest reaches of the Yangtze River, including the southern part of the Yangtze Delta. ... The Humble Administrators Garden West Lake : Yue Fei Memorial Hall The Chinese (Scholars) Garden is a place for solitary or social contemplation of nature. ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... Official Session in a Chinese Yamen, Guangzhou, before 1889. ...


The relics of the Walled City include 2 cannons, 5 stone inscriptions and 3 old wells. They are preserved at various locations in the park.


The eight parts of the park are:

  • The Yamen
  • The Old South Gate
  • Eight Floral Walks
  • The Garden of Four Seasons
  • The Garden of Chinese Zodiac
  • The Chess Garden - featuring four giant Chinese chess boards
  • The Mountain View Pavilion
  • Guibi and Fui Sing Pavilion

The yamen and the remnants of the South Gate of Kowloon Walled City are declared monuments of Hong Kong. Chinese astrology (占星術 pinyin: zhan4 xing1 shu4; 星學 pinyin: xing1 xue2; 七政四餘 pinyin: qi1 zheng4 si4 yu2; and 果老星宗 pinyin: guo3 lao3 xing1 zong1) is related to the Chinese calendar, particularly its 12-year cycle of animals (aka Chinese Zodiac), and the fortune-telling aspects according to movement of heavenly... Xiangqi (Chinese: 象棋; pinyin: xi , Wade-Giles: hsiang-chi; roughly pronounced shyang-chee; literally translated as elephant chess) is one of a family of strategic board games of which chess and shogi are also members. ... As of March 26, 2004, there are 79 declared monuments in Hong Kong. ...


Yamen

Originally, the Yamen building was the administrative office and residence of the Assistant Magistrate of Kowloon.


The building is a three-hall structure built in simple but functional design without many ornamental features. The middle hall was the office while the rear block served as the officer's residence.


After the departure of the Qing officials in 1899, the Yamen building was used by different Christian groups including a home for the aged, home for widows and orphans, school and clinic. In 1996 the Yamen was preserved and restored to remind the people of its historical past.


Kowloon Walled City South Gate Remnants

Archaeological investigations were conducted by the Antiquities and Monuments Office in 1993 and 1994. [5] Antiquities and Monuments Office (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) was established when the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance was enforced in 1976 which to be preserve Hong Kongs monuments are under appropriate protection. ...


Cultural remains such as two stone plaques inscribed "South Gate" and "Kowloon Walled City" of the original South Gate, foundations of the city wall, a drainage ditch and a flagstone path were discovered. It is also found that foundations of the original South and East Gates were particularly well preserved.[5]


The Government decided to preserve the remnants of the South Gate on-site for display to the public. The two stone plaques are also displayed beside the remnants. Kowloon Walled City South Gate Remnants was declared a monument in 1996.[5]


Depictions in popular culture

Over the years, many filmmakers, gaming designers and other artists have used the Walled City as an inspiration when they wanted to convey a sense of oppressive urbanization or centres of unfettered criminality.


In literature, Robert Ludlum's novel The Bourne Supremacy uses the Walled City as a major center for the plot. In the autobiography of Martin Booth, Gweilo: Memories of a Hong Kong Childhood, the Walled City is explored by the young Martin out of curiosity and against his mother's will. The city appears as a virtual reality environment (described by Steven Poole as "a kind of oasis of political and creative freedom") in William Gibson's novel Idoru.[6] For the film see: The Bourne Supremacy (film) The Bourne Supremacy (ISBN 0553263226) is a novel written by Robert Ludlum and a sequel to The Bourne Identity. ... Martin Booth (September 7, 1944, Lancashire - February 12, 2004, Devon) was a British writer and poet. ... For other persons named William Gibson, see William Gibson (disambiguation). ... William Gibsons Bridge trilogy is his second trilogy, after the successful Sprawl trilogy. ...


In film, the martial arts tournament in the 1988 film Bloodsport, featuring Jean-Claude Van Damme, takes place inside the Walled City. The Hong Kong horror film Re-cycle features a decrepit, nightmarish version of the Walled City complete with tortured souls from which the protagonist must flee. The finale of the unfilmed American remake of John Woo's The Killer was scripted to occur in the Walled city which was described within as a den of criminals outside the reach of the Hong Kong Police Force. [7] Bloodsport is a 1988 martial arts film starring Jean-Claude Van Damme. ... Van Damme redirects here. ... Re-cycle (Cantonese: Gwai wik) is a 2006 horror-thriller film directed by the Pang Brothers and starring Angelica Lee. ... For other uses, see John Woo (disambiguation). ... The Killer (Traditional Chinese: 喋血雙雄, Simplified Chinese: 喋血双雄; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: dip6 hyt3 seong1 hung4; Mandarin Pinyin: ; literally: Bloodshed of Two Heroes) is a 1989 Hong Kong thriller starring Chow Yun-Fat as the hitman Ah Jong, Danny Lee as the cop Li Ying and Sally Yeh as the singer Jennie. ...


Some of the scenes in the upcoming Batman film The Dark Knight (particularly a walled neighbourhood known as the Narrows) were shot on a set inspired by Kowloon Walled City.[8] The Dark Knight is an upcoming 2008 American superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Batman. ...


The Walled city has also been seen in (or inspired) a number of television programs including Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Our Man Bashir" which is set partially in Kowloon and epiosodes 3 and 4 of Street Fighter II V take place near the Walled City. In the music video of Britney Spears's "Slave 4 U," the setting resembles the Walled City. Space station Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (ST:DS9 or STDS9 or DS9 for short) is a science fiction television series produced by Paramount and set in the Star Trek universe. ... Our Man Bashir is a fourth-season episode of the television show Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. ... Street Fighter II V , pronounced two vee) is an anime series based on the fighting game Street Fighter II. Directed by Gisaburo Sugii, the series first aired in Japan in 1995, from April 10 to November 27, on YTV. As of July 2007 re-runs of the series started to...


Kowloon Walled City is also featured in several video games including "Kowloon's Gate" (PlayStation), "Saga Frontier" (Playstation), "Shadow Hearts" (Playstation 2), and "Shenmue 2" (Dreamcast). The game "The Matrix Online" features a neighborhood called Kowloon inside the International District. For other uses, see PlayStation (disambiguation). ... SaGa Frontier ) is a Sony PlayStation console role-playing game by Square, released in Japan on July 11, 1997 and in North America on March 25, 1998. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... PS2 redirects here. ... Shenmue II is the sequel to the Sega Dreamcast Action/Role Playing Game Shenmue, written and directed by Yu Suzuki. ... The Dreamcast , code-named White Belt, Black Belt, Dural, Dricas, Vortex, Katana, Shark, and Guppy during development) is Segas last video game console and the successor to the Sega Saturn. ... The Matrix Online (MxO) is a massively multiplayer online game developed by Monolith Productions. ...


See also

In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... Kowloon City (九龍城, Pinyin: Jiu3long2cheng2) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Sovereign state  Peoples Republic of China Administrative region  Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Location within the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Satellite image) District Officer Miss Agnes Wong, JP Constituencies 22 Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 9. ... The history of Hong Kong began as a coastal island geographically located in southern China. ... Urban public parks and gardens in Hong Kong include: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Other Hong Kong topics Culture - Economy Education - History - Politics Hong Kong Portal This is a list of buildings and structures in Hong Kong. ... As of March 26, 2004, there are 79 declared monuments in Hong Kong. ...

References

  1. ^ City of shadow(cat)s
  2. ^ http://www.arch.columbia.edu/gsap/21536, Newsline, Columbia University School of Architecture
  3. ^ $2.7 billion package for residents of Walled City, Esme Lau, Hong Kong Standard, December 10, 1987
  4. ^ 'Expedition Story'
  5. ^ a b c The Geographical Information System on Hong Kong Heritage
  6. ^ Tomorrow's man | Review | guardian.co.uk Books
  7. ^ , <http://www.godamongdirectors.com/scripts/killer.shtml>. Retrieved on 1 January 2008 
  8. ^ Jeff Otto. "Interview: Christopher Nolan", IGN, 2005-06-05. Retrieved on 2007-01-10. 
  • Lambot, Ian; Greg Girard (October 1999). City of Darkness. Watermark, 216 pages. ISBN 1873200137. 

The Standard is a Hong Kong English language business newspaper which is published by Sing Tao Media Holdings Ltd. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kowloon Walled City

Coordinates: 22°19′56.21″N, 114°11′19.18″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kowloon Walled City - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1162 words)
The Walled City (known as Kowloon then) was originally a single fort built in the mid-1800s on the site of an earlier 17th century watchpost on the Kowloon Peninsula of Hong Kong.
Kowloon Walled City Park, with the remnants of the South Gate in the foreground.
The yamen and the remnants of the South Gate of Kowloon Walled City are declared monuments of Hong Kong.
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