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Encyclopedia > Kowloon
Kowloon
Traditional Chinese: 九龍
Simplified Chinese: 九龙
Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin: Jiǔlóng
Cantonese
IPA: [kɐʊ35 ləʊŋ11]
Jyutping: gau2 lung4
Literal meaning: Nine dragons

In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutter's Island in the west, Tate's Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and Victoria Harbour in the south. Population (2000): 2,071,000. Population density: 44,000 people/km² or 112,000 people/mi². The peninsula's area is approximately 47 km² or 18.1 mi². Together with Hong Kong Island, it contains 47% of Hong Kong's total population. Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also Simplified Chinese: 简化字; Traditional Chinese: 簡化字; pinyin: jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Standard Mandarin is the official Chinese spoken language used by the Peoples Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan) and Singapore. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... Standard Cantonese is a variant, and is generally considered the prestige dialect of Cantonese Chinese. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Jyutping (sometimes spelled Jyutpin) is a romanization system for Standard Cantonese developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK) in 1993. ... The Chinese dragon, or Lóng (also spelled Loong,Long or Lung) in Chinese, is a mythical Chinese creature that also appears in other East Asian cultures, and is also sometimes called the Oriental (or Eastern) dragon in the West. ... The Kowloon Peninsula, commonly referred to as Kowloon, is a peninsula, in the south of the mainland part of the Hong Kong territory. ... New Kowloon (Chinese: 新九龍; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: san1 gau2 lung4, Mandarin Pinyin: XÄ«n JiÇ”lóng) is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tates Cairn and Kowloon Peak. ... Lei Yue Mun (鯉魚門, literally Carps channel) (a. ... Regular blocks of Mei Foo Sun Chuen Mei Foo Sun Chuen (Chinese: , Jyutping: mei5 fu1 san1 cyun1; Cantonese IPA:  ; lit. ... Stonecutters Island (昂船洲) is a former island in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong. ... Tates Cairn is one of many mountain peaks in Hong Kong. ... Photo of Lion Rock taken in 1977 from the Kowloon side. ... Victoria Harbour The night view of the Victoria Harbour with the skyscrapers in Central behind, viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui Victoria Harbour (Traditional Chinese: 維多利亞港; Simplified Chinese: 维多利亚港; Cantonese Jyutping: wai4 do1 lei6 aa3 gong2; Mandarin Pinyin: Wéiduōlìyà GÇŽng) is the harbour between the Kowloon Peninsula and the... The night view of the Island side as seen from the Kowloon side - the opposite side of the Victoria Harbour Hong Kong Island (Traditional Chinese: 香港島; Simplified Chinese: 香港岛; Cantonese Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 dou2; Mandarin Pinyin: XiānggÇŽngdÇŽo) is the island where the colonial settlement of the Hong Kong territory...


The more accurate transcription Kau Lung or Kau-lung was often used in derived place names before World War II, for example Kau-lung Bay instead of Kowloon Bay. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Kowloon Bay (九龍灣) is a bay located at the east of the Kowloon Peninsula and north of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. ...

Kowloon (including New Kowloon) is an area bounded north by a mountain range. Lion Rock in the middle is a peak among the range.
Kowloon (including New Kowloon) is an area bounded north by a mountain range. Lion Rock in the middle is a peak among the range.

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 2071 KB) Summary A view of Lion Rock. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 2071 KB) Summary A view of Lion Rock. ... Photo of Lion Rock taken in 1977 from the Kowloon side. ...

Location

Kowloon is located north of Hong Kong Island and south of the mainland part of the New Territories. A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories. ...


Administration

It comprises the following districts: The territory of Hong Kong is divided in 18 administrative districts (Population as of 2000) Hong Kong Island Central and Western (274,400) Eastern (620,800) Southern (282,400) Wan Chai (190,300) Kowloon (New Kowloon included) Kowloon City (406,000) Kwun Tong (564,700) Sham Shui Po (372,200...

Kowloon City (九龍城, Pinyin: Jiu3long2cheng2) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Kwun Tong (觀塘; originally 官塘; Jyutping: gwun1 tong4; Cantonese IPA: ) is an area in Kwun Tong District, New Kowloon, Hong Kong. ... Skyline of Sham Shui Po Sham Shui Po (Chinese: 深水埗; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: sam1 sui2 bo2, Yale: sam seuí bouh; Mandarin Pinyin: shen1 shui3 bu4; lit. ... Wong Tai Sin (黃大仙; Pinyin Huang2da4xian1) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ... Yau Tsim Mong (油尖旺) is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. ...

Politics

Kowloon covers two geographical constituencies for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong: The Legislative Council (abbreviated as LegCo; Chinese: 立法會, Pinyin: Lìfǎ Huì; formerly 立法局, Lìfǎ Jú) is the unicameral legislature of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

  • Kowloon East includes Wong Tai Sin and Kwun Tong
  • Kowloon West includes Yau Tsim Mong, Sham Shui Po and Kowloon City

History

Kowloon in 1915
Kowloon in 1915

Kowloon means nine dragons and represents the eight peaks (1.Castle Peak (583 m), 2.Tai Mo Shan (958 m), 3.Tate's Cairn (583 m), 4.Lion Rock (495 m), 5. Ma On Shan (702 m), 6. Kowloon Peak (602 m), 7. Sharp Peak (468 m), etc...) and the ninth being the Chinese emperor. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1180x1028, 199 KB) Victoria City (bottom) in 1915. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1180x1028, 199 KB) Victoria City (bottom) in 1915. ...


The part of Kowloon south of Boundary Street, together with Stonecutters Island, was ceded by Qing China to the United Kingdom under the Convention of Peking of 1860. For many years the area remained largely undeveloped, used by the British mainly for tiger-hunting expeditions. Boundary Street (Chinese: 界限街; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping gaai3 haan6 gaai1; Mandarin Pinyin: Jiè Xiàn Jiê) is a three-lane one-way street in Kowloon, Hong Kong. ... Stonecutters Island or Ngong Shuen Chau (昂船洲) is a former island in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong. ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; pinyin: qīng cháo; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of... The Convention of Peking (October 18, 1860), also known as the First Convention of Peking, was a treaty between the Qing Government of China and the British Empire, and between China and France, and China and Russia. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Binomial name Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of tigers in 1900 (red) and 1990 (green) Synonyms Felis tigris Linnaeus, 1758 Tigris striatus Severtzov, 1858 Tigris regalis Gray, 1867 Tigers (Panthera tigris) are mammals of the Felidae family and one of four big cats in the Panthera genus. ...


The part of Kowloon north of Boundary Street (New Kowloon) was leased by the British as part of the New Territories in 1898 for 99 years. Within New Kowloon is the Kowloon City, which refers to an area where the Kowloon Walled City used to be located. The Kowloon Walled City itself was demolished in 1993. (The same area was called 官富場 (Pinyin: Guanfuchang) during the Song Dynasty.) New Kowloon (Chinese: 新九龍; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: san1 gau2 lung4, Mandarin Pinyin: XÄ«n JiÇ”lóng) is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tates Cairn and Kowloon Peak. ... A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The following is a list of areas of Hong Kong. ... Kowloon Walled City before its demolition. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Pinyin (拼音, Pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of... The Song Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ...


In modern day conversations, however, New Kowloon is often not regarded as part of the New Territories, but as an integral part of the Kowloon urban area on both sides of Boundary Street. For rates tax purposes, New Kowloon is not considered part of Kowloon. Properties in New Kowloon are subjected to pay the land leases as those in the New Territories. New Kowloon (Chinese: 新九龍; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: san1 gau2 lung4, Mandarin Pinyin: Xīn Jiǔlóng) is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tates Cairn and Kowloon Peak. ... A major road, Kwong Fuk Road in Tai Po, a town in the New Territories. ...


Large-scale development of Kowloon began in the early 20th century, with the construction of the Kowloon-Canton Railway, the Kowloon Wharf, and the Kai Tak Airport. Precisely because of the airport, building height restrictions had been in place for many years. Yet Kowloon still became extremely congested, especially after the Second World War, when slums for refugees from the newly established People's Republic of China gave way to public housing estates, mixed with private residential, commercial and industrial areas. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (九廣鐵路公司), frequently abbreviated to KCRC, is wholly owned by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region government and based in Hong Kong. ... Five Flag Poles of the Wharf near Star Ferry Pier and Ocean Terminal. ... Hong Kong International Airport, popularly known as Kai Tak Airport (Chinese å•Ÿå¾·æ©Ÿå ´ Pinyin: Qǐdé, WG: Chi-te) was the international airport of Hong Kong until July 6, 1998. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... Public housing estate (Chinese: ) is the housing estate in Hong Kong, mainly built by Hong Kong Housing Authority and Hong Kong Housing Society. ...


West Kowloon was once home to a dockyard for the Royal Navy and is now used as a typhoon shelter. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ...


On July 1, 1997, both parts of Kowloon were transferred to the People's Republic of China along with the rest of Hong Kong. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Kowloon Bay (九龍灣) is a bay located at the east of the Kowloon Peninsula and north of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. ... Boundary Street (Chinese: 界限街; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping gaai3 haan6 gaai1; Mandarin Pinyin: Jiè Xiàn Jiê) is a three-lane one-way street in Kowloon, Hong Kong. ... New Kowloon (Chinese: 新九龍; Cantonese IPA: , Jyutping: san1 gau2 lung4, Mandarin Pinyin: Xīn Jiǔlóng) is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong, bounded in the south by Boundary Street, and in the north by the ranges of the Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Tates Cairn and Kowloon Peak. ... The West Kowloon Cultural District (西九龍文娛藝術區) is a proposed district of concentration for arts, cultural and entertainment establishments in Hong Kong. ... The following is a list of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong: List of the 18 districts of Hong Kong, with a partial list of their sub-areas and streets Hong Kong Island Central and Western Central Admiralty Kennedy Town Mid-levels Sai Ying Pun Shek Tong Tsui Sheung... Another editor has suggested that this article might be improved by more material on its significance. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kowloon
  • WikiSatellite view of Kowloon at WikiMapia
  • The West Kowloon Cultural Village website - NEW PROJECT!
  • Cap 1 Sched 4 Area of Kowloon

Coordinates: 22°19′N 114°11′E
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Districts of Hong Kong Flag of Hong Kong
Hong Kong Island: Central and Western | Eastern | Southern | Wan Chai
Kowloon (including New Kowloon): Kowloon City | Kwun Tong | Sham Shui Po | Wong Tai Sin | Yau Tsim Mong
New Territories: Islands | Kwai Tsing | North | Sai Kung | Sha Tin | Tai Po | Tsuen Wan | Tuen Mun | Yuen Long

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kowloon City - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (186 words)
Kowloon City (九龍城) is an area in New Kowloon of Hong Kong.
Kowloon City District is chiefly a residential area.
While Kowloon City District remains admistrative, the proper Kowloon City area is vaguely bounded south by Prince Edward Road and north with Wong Tai Sin and east with Kowloon Tong.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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