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Encyclopedia > Kotte

Coordinates: 6°54′39″N 79°53′16.21″E / 6.91083, 79.8878361 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Sri Jayawardenepura - Kotte

Flag

Seal
District Kotte Division, Colombo District
Government
 - Mayor Swarnalatha Silva (Sri Lanka Freedom Party)
Area
 - City 17 km²  (6.6 sq mi)
Population (2001)[1]
 - City 115,826
 - Density 3,305/km² (8,559.9/sq mi)
 - Metro 2,234,289
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30)

Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte, (ஸ்ரீ ஜயவர்த்தனபுரம் கோட்டே in Tamil), also known as Kotte, is the administrative capital of Sri Lanka. It is located beyond the eastern suburbs of the commercial capital Colombo and is often called New Capital territory. The Parliament of Sri Lanka has been based here since the formal inauguration of its new building on 29 April 1982. Image File history File links Kotte_flag. ... Image File history File links Kotte_seal. ... Colombo is a district of Sri Lanka. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Sri Lanka Freedom Party is one of the major political parties in Sri Lanka. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Public administration can be broadly described as the study and implementation of policy. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... The Parliament of Sri Lanka is a Unicameral 225-member legislature elected by universal suffrage and proportional representation for a six-year term. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

History

Kotte (meaning 'Fortress') was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Kotte from the 14th to the 16th centuries. Situated in a marshland, it was founded on the banks of the Diyawanna Oya river as a fortress against invasions from the Jaffna Kingdom of Arya Chakaravarthi in the 13th century by a Tamil chief named Nissanka Alagakkonara. Alagakkonara is mentioned by Ibn Batuta as ruling in Kurunegala, but other sources indicate that he was the Bandara (Guardian) of Raigama Korale (county) in the modern Kalutara District. Arya Chakravarthy's army was held by Alagakkonara in front of Kotte, while he defeated the enemy's invasion fleet at Panadura to the south-west.[1] The remains of the facade of a Dutch building. ... Arya Chakaravarthi is a name of a dynasty of Hindu Kings of the Jaffna Kingdom in Sri Lanka. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta (February 24, 1304 - 1377) was a Moroccan Berber traveller and explorer. ... The 88 feet giant Buddha Statue on top of the Ethagala. ... Kalutara is a district of Sri Lanka. ...


Kotte was a jala durgha (water fortress), in the shape of a triangle, with the Diyawanna Oya marshes forming two long sides; along the shorter third (land) side a large moat (the 'inner moat') was dug. The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats (also known as a Fosse) were deep and wide water-filled trenches, excavated to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ...


The city was fortified with ramparts of kabook or laterite rock. From the ramparts to the magnificent three storied buildings that housed the Kings Palace, Laterite and clay were the main raw material used in its construction. One of the places from which the laterite blocks were mined, could be seen even today inside the Ananda Sasthralaya premises. Ramparts is a radical squatted social centre in the Whitechapel area of East London. ... Cutting of laterite brickstones, Angadipuram, India Laterite is a surface formation in tropical areas which is enriched in iron and aluminium and develops by intensive and long lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock. ...


The Portuguese arrived on the island in 1505 and were initially welcomed by the king. But they had militaristic and monopolistic intentions and gained control of the city by 1565. Failing to withstand repeated assaults by the forces of the neighbouring kingdom of Sitawaka, the city was abandoned by the Portuguese, who made Colombo their new capital.[2] // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ...


Like similar cities of that era, Sri Jayawardhanapura was built with security in mind. A rampart and moat protected the entire city. Traces of this moat and rampart are still visible today at certain places. Along parts of the rampart, encroachers have now built houses, garages and even toilets. Rampart may mean: A type of defensive wall consisting of a low earthen embankment topped by a parapet or palisade. ... The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats (also known as a Fosse) were deep and wide water-filled trenches, excavated to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ...


The urbanisation of Kotte restarted in the 19th century. The archaeological remains were torn up and used as building materials (a process that continues) — some of it even ending up in the Victoria Bridge, across the Kelani River. Urbanization is the degree of or increase in urban character or nature. ...


Name

The ancient name, Jayawardenepura, is hardly different from the city's present name. Though during those times, it referred to the area outside the inner moat called Pitakotte (outer fort) and the area inside, Ethul Kotte (inner fort).


The word Kotte is derived from the Tamil word Kottei (fortress). Jayawardhanapura meaning victory enhancing city in Sinhala, was the name assigned to the place by its founder Alagakkonara.[3] Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Sinhalese or Sinhala (සිංහල, ISO 15919: , IPA: [], earlier referred to as Singhalese) is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ...


In 1979, with the decision to redevelop Kotte and its suburbs as the administrative capital[4] of the island within a municipal structure, Kotte got back its former name of Sri-Jaya-Vardhana-Pura-Kotte, translated as "the blessed fortress city of growing victory". The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Public administration can be broadly described as the study and implementation of policy. ...


Legislature

The Parliament of Sri Lanka designed by Geoffrey Bawa

The New Parliament was inaugurated on 29 April 1982. It was built once a massive lake was formed by dredging the marshlands around the Diyawanna Oya. The new parliamentary buildings were built on Duwa, a 50,000 square metre (12 acre) island in the centre of the lake. The island (off Baddegana Road, Pita Kotte) had been used as a recreation and brawling spot for Portuguese soldiers in the last days of the Kotte era, alcohol being banned from the Royal City. It had belonged to E.W. Perera and had housed a chicken farm prior to being vested in the state. On 29 April 1982, the new parliamentary complex was declared open by President J.R. Jayawardene. Image File history File links Parliout. ... Image File history File links Parliout. ... A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Junius Richard Jayewardene (September 17, 1906 November 1, 1996), famously abbreviated in Sri Lanka as JR, was the president of Sri Lanka from 1978 until 1989. ...


The process of relocating government institutions from the former capital of Colombo is still in progress.


Municipal structure

The Kotte Urban Development Council was created in the 1930s, with a modern building at Rajagiriya. It was succeeded by the Kotte Urban Council, which had a large section of its area removed and tagged onto the Colombo Municipal Council ward of Borella while the Battaramulla urban council was dissolved and a small section of Battaramulla tagged onto the Kotte Urban Council. The Kotte Urban Council became the Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte Municipal Council in 1997, with Chandra Silva as the first Mayor. Rajagiriya is one of the main residential and Commercial areas after Nugegoda in the Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte municipal limits. ... Battarmulla is a suburb, it is situated 5. ...


There are 20 Members of the Municipal Council (MMCs), elected on proportional representation. There are 10 wards, but these are now merely polling divisions, without individual representation.


Suburbs in the local government area

Battarmulla is a suburb, it is situated 5. ... Nawala is a vilage in Sri Lanka Western Province Lasith Indika Gunasekera [email protected] ... Nugegoda is one of the mostly densely populate suburbs of Colombo, the capital city of Sri Lanka. ... Rajagiriya is one of the main residential and Commercial areas after Nugegoda in the Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte municipal limits. ...

Demographics

Kotte is a multi-ethnic, multi-religion city. The population of Kotte is mainly Sinhalese, with a mix of Muslims, Burghers and Tamils. There are small communities of people with Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch, Malay and Indian origins living here as well as a sizable expatriate community. According to the census of 2001 the demographics by ethnicity and religion is as follows.

Upmarket Residences under construction
Upmarket Residences under construction

Source Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 854 pixel, file size: 145 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Upmarket residences under construction. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 854 pixel, file size: 145 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Upmarket residences under construction. ...

Ethnic & Religious Identification in Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
2001
Sinhalese 101,331 87.49%
Sri Lankan Tamil 6,583 5.68%
Indian Tamil 786 0.68%
Sri Lankan Moor 4,031 3.48%
Burgher 1,367 1.18%
Malay 919 0.79%
Sri Lankan Chetty 65 0.06%
Baratha 57 0.05%
Other 687 0.59%
Total 115,826 100.00%
Buddhist 93,364
Hindu 4,550
Islam 5,465
Roman Catholic 8,659
Other Christian 3,618
Other 170


Languages Sinhala Religions Theravada Buddhism, Christianity, small groups of atheists, agnostics, Muslims, others Related ethnic groups Indo-Aryans, Dravidians, Veddahs, Bengalis The Sinhalese are the main ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... see Sri Lankan Tamils ... The Indian Tamils or Hill-country Tamils, are descended from indentured labourers sent from South India to Sri Lanka in the 19th and 20th centuries to work in coffee plantations there (and, after the collapse of coffee planting in Sri Lanka, in tea and rubber plantations). ... Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced entirely by Sri Lankan Muslims, who make up approximately 8% of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. ... The Burghers are a Eurasian ethnic group, historically from Sri Lanka, consisting for the most part of male-line descendants of European colonists from the 16th to 20th centuries (mostly Portuguese, Dutch and British) with local Sinhalese ancestry. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Colombo Chetty, also known as Colombo Chetties, Colombo Chittis or Colombo Hetties, are a formerly endogamous Sri Lankan social group or caste. ... Bharatakula also Bharathas are a Sri Lankan caste of Paravar immigrants from Tamil Nadu in India. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Infrastructure

The HSBC center
The HSBC center

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (840x630, 368 KB) Summary htgoon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (840x630, 368 KB) Summary htgoon. ... For other uses, see HSBC (disambiguation). ...

Transport

The only major railway station is at Nugegoda, on the Kelani Valley Line. Also at Nugegoda is the city's main bus terminus. There are subsidiary bus stands at Pita Kotte and Welikada. The city is well served by buses and there is a major CTB bus depot at Udahamulla. Nugegoda is one of the mostly densely populate suburbs of Colombo, the capital city of Sri Lanka. ... The Ceylon Transport Board (CTB) was the nationalised enterprise which handled all public omnibus transport in Sri Lanka between 1958 and 1978. ...


A Passenger boat service is being finalised and would commence adjacent to Parliament Junction at Bataramulla and end at the Wellawatte canal near Marine drive. Each journey would take around 30 minutes. It would have stations at the Kotte Marsh, Nawala, Open University, Apollo Hospital, Wellawatte, Duplication road and at St Peter's College, Colombo.[5] Nawala is a vilage in Sri Lanka Western Province Lasith Indika Gunasekera [email protected] ... St. ...


Health

Kotte has a large public hospital, The Sri Jayawardenepura Hospital - also known as Nava rohala - located in Sri Jayawardenepura. There are two large hospitals under construction. One, a dedicated Eye & ENT hospital at Rajagiriya, and the other a Maternity hospital in Nawala. For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... Rajagiriya is one of the main residential and Commercial areas after Nugegoda in the Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte municipal limits. ...


Education

There are a number of State and Private Schools in Kotte. They are either "National schools" (run by the state), Semi-government/Private schools or International schools (run by trusts and individuals). The Education Ministry as well as the Department of Examinations is based here.


Affluent residents prefer International and private schools located in Colombo due to its close proximity and the use of English as a medium of instruction. Demand is especially high for affiliated International schools, and those run by convents or the Jesuits. The government-run public schools lack certain facilities, but are the only option for poorer residents who cannot afford the more expensive schools. Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ...


The oldest national school which was known as Christian College is located in Kotte. And relocated at Bataramulla from its previous site in Colombo 02 is the Oldest International school catering exclusively to the expatriate community and a few select nationals; The Overseas School of Colombo. Christian College, is a school established by the Anglican Church in 1822 in Kotte, Sri Lanka. ... International schools are private schools that cater mainly to children who are not nationals of the host country, often the children of the staff of international businesses, international organizations, embassies, missions, or missionary programs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Speakers Residence
Speakers Residence

Located at Nawala is the Open University, Sri Lanka and at Nugegoda is the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. Public Libraries are conveniently located, and can be found at Nugegoda and Rajagiriya. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Nawala is a vilage in Sri Lanka Western Province Lasith Indika Gunasekera [email protected] ... This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ... Nugegoda is one of the mostly densely populate suburbs of Colombo, the capital city of Sri Lanka. ... The University of Sri Jayewardenepura is one of the leading universities of Sri Lanka. ... Alternative meanings: Library (computer science), Library (biology) Modern-style library In its traditional sense, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ...


Utilities

The Kotte Municipal Council is responsible for road maintenance and door-to-door garbage collection in the city. They also are responsible for keeping Storm drains clean to cope with the heavy Tropical rains. The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ...


The largest telephone service provider is Sri Lanka Telecom, which previously held a monopoly over fixed line services, and provides fixed line as well as mobile services through its subsidiary Mobitel. Cell phone coverage is extensive, and the main service providers are Dialog Telekom, Mobitel, Tigo and Hutch. Both GSM and CDMA services are available in the city and Broadband internet penetration is increasing. Sri Lanka Telecom (SLT) is the premier telecommunication service provider in Sri Lanka with more than one million business and residential subscribers, providing domestic and international voice, Internet and data services. ... Dialog Telekom, Sri Lankas flagship Telecommunications Company operates Dialog GSM, the countrys largest mobile phone network, and is a Subsidiary of Telekom_Malaysia. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Hutch can refer to any of the following: A form of furniture A type of cage utilized primarily for housing domestic rabbits A character in the television series Starsky & Hutch Leslie Hutch Hutchinson, a popular singer of the 1930s Hutch, a cellular phone service provider in India Hutch is an... Global System for Mobile communications (GSM: originally from Groupe Spécial Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world. ... General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency channel at the same time without harmful interference. ... Broadband Internet access, often shortened to broadband Internet or just broadband is a high data-transmission rate Internet connection. ...


Electricity is provided by the Lanka Electricity Co. Ltd.


Climate

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg Temp °C
(°F)
26
(78)
26
(78)
27
(80)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(80)
27
(80)
27
(80)
27
(80)
26
(78)
26
(78)
26
(78)
26
(78)
Precipitation centimeters
(inches)
8.5
(3.3)
6.3
(2.5)
11.2
(4.4)
25.2
(9.9)
33.5
(13.2)
19.5
(7.7)
13
(5.1)
9.5
(3.7)
16.5
(6.5)
35.8
(14.1)
30.9
(12.2)
15.3
(6)
225.1
(88.6)

source: Weatherbase cm redirects here, alternate uses: cm (disambiguation) A centimetre (symbol cm; American spelling: centimeter) is an SI unit of length. ...

Sports and recreation

Cricket is the most popular sport in the city as well as the country, and is usually played in the grounds around the city. Incidentally, Kotte's government representative in Parliament is the Former Cricket Captain Arjuna Ranathunga. Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ...


Football has grown in popularity, and the sport now has a considerable following. The Football association's new training facility at Kotte is aimed at harnessing and developing the available talent and organizing the individual players into a cohesive team. It includes a football playground with a sprinkler system, gym and a host of other facilities.[6] Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Golf is another pastime that has increased in popularity. The Waters Edge country club is an 11-hole golf course located at Battaramulla. Its infrastructure includes: Restaurant/dining room/ballroom/conference hall, Driving range with 20 bays - 300 metres in length and floodlit for practice at night. Chip and putt area with bunkers, Swimming pool, Spa, Gym, Games arcade, Beauty salon and a Karaoke lounge. This article is about the sport. ... A driving range is an area where golfers can practice their swing. ... It has been suggested that Karaoke clubs in Sri Lanka be merged into this article or section. ...


Other sports are mostly played in the numerous clubs and gyms, and include tennis, squash, billiards, horse riding, Indoor cricket, badminton and table tennis. One such place where all these sports come together is the Austasia Sports and Leisure Complex. It is the only one of its kind in Sri Lanka and is best known for hosting indoor cricket competitions. Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops Gym is a shortened form of gymnasium and refers to facilities intended for indoor sports or exercise. ...


Horse riding can be pursued at the Premadasa Riding School in Nugegoda.


External links

Find more information on Kotte by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Learning resources from Wikiversity

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

Government

Education

History

Sports

Maps

Citations and notes

  1. ^ Sri Lanka: A Country Study. (html). Russell R. Ross and Andrea Matles Savada. Retrieved on 2007-02-26.
  2. ^ European encroachment and dominance (html). U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved on 2007-02-26.
  3. ^ Kotte, the capital of Sri Lanka 1400-1565 A. D (html). G. P. V. Somaratne. Retrieved on 2006-12-02.
  4. ^ The UNP Returns to Power. (html). Russell R. Ross and Andrea Matles Savada. Retrieved on 2007-02-26.
  5. ^ Canal transport to ease traffic pile up . (html). Chanuka Mannapperuma. Retrieved on 2005-07-10.
  6. ^ National training centre for Football at Beddegana (html). Sri Lanka Football. Retrieved on 2007-02-26.
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Kotte (1666 words)
Kotte (meaning 'Fortress') was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Kotte from the 14th to the 16th centuries.
Kotte was a jala durgha (water fortress), in the shape of a triangle, with the Diyawanna Oya marshes forming two long sides; along the shorter third (land) side a large moat (the 'inner moat') was dug.
The population of Kotte is mainly Sinhalese, with a mix of Muslims, Burghers and Tamils.
Kotte - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (775 words)
Kotte (meaning 'Fortress') was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Kotte from the 14th to the 16th centuries.
Kotte was a jala durgha (water fortress), in the shape of a triangle, with the Diyawanna Oya marshes forming two long sides; along the shorter third (land) side a large moat (the 'inner moat') was dug.
The population of Kotte is a mix of Sinhalese, Moors and Tamils.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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