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Encyclopedia > Kottayam
  ?Kottayam
Kerala • India
Coordinates: 9°35′N 76°31′E / 9.58, 76.52
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

• 3 m (10 ft)
District(s) Kottayam
Population 60,725 (2001)
Municipal Chairman
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 686 001
• +0481
• INKTM
• KL-5
Website: kottayam.nic.in

Coordinates: 9°35′N 76°31′E / 9.58, 76.52 Image File history File links Wikitext. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links India_Kerala_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... , For the town with the same name, see Kottayam. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

This article is about the town of Kottayam, See Kottayam district also.

Kottayam (in Malayalam:കോട്ടയം) is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of Kerala. An important trading center of commercial crops and a publishing centre in Kerala, Kottayam is also the administrative capital of Kottayam district. The town has been in the forefront of modern education in Kerala from the nineteenth century. In 1959, it achieved the distinction of being the first District in India to achieve 100% literacy. , For the town with the same name, see Kottayam. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , For the town with the same name, see Kottayam. ... Literacy is an indispensable means for effective social and economic participation, contributing to human development and poverty reduction, says UNESCO. [3] The Right to Education is a fundamental human right. ...

Contents

History

The name Kottayam is said to have come from 'Kotta Akam' in Malayalam, meaning 'inside the fort'. The Rajas of Thekkumkur, an independent little kingdom to which Kottayam area belonged, ruled their domain from a location in the present day Kottayam called Thazhathangadi. When, in the mid-18th century, Marthanda Varma of Travancore annexed Thekkumcore, Kottayam area, along with the areas of the rest of what is today's Kottayam District, became part of the Kingdom of Travancore (later to be the Princely State of Travancore under the British.) After Indian independence, Kottayam eventually became the headquarters of the present Kottayam District. Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Thekkumkoor (or Thekkumkur) was an old independent small kingdom that existed before 1749 in the southern part of Kerala in India and ruled by a royal household known as Thekkumkoor Kovilakam, from a location called Thaliyilkotta near Thazhathangadi in the present day Kottayam town. ... Marthanda Varma (1706 - 1758) was the son of the Rani of Attingal. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ...


The citizens of Kottayam had a role in some of the early social struggles in Kerala. A protest movement that took place in the 1891 called the 'Malayali Memorial agitation', seeking increased representation for Travancoreans in the Travancore civil service, as opposed to outsiders, is said to have started in Kottayam and may have been the beginning of modern political movement in Kerala. Kottayam also had an active role in the 'Nivarthana' struggle in the 1930s, which was a campaign seeking representation for Hindus of the lower castes, Christians and Muslims in the Travancore Legislature.


Geography

Kottayam is located at 9.58° N 76.52° E.[1] It has an average elevation of 3 metres (9 feet). This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...

Seematti Junction, Kottayam

Kottayam town is flanked by the Meenachil river and Kodoor river and Vembanad lake. Kottayam is considered to be part of the Midlands of Kerala, and the climate is also pretty moderate. Kottayam is located in the south-central half of Kerala state. Ernakulam lies to the North, Alappuzha lies to the West, Idukki lies in the East, and Pathanamthitta lies to the South of Kottayam. Kottayam was the part of Travancore kingdom, before the formation of Kerala state. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Meenachil is the name of the north-eastern region of Kottayam district in Kerala, south India. ... The skyline of Ernakaulam Ernakulam (Malayalam : എറണാകുളം ) refers to the western part of the mainland of Kochi city in Kerala, India. ... , Church Paddy fields For the district with the same name, see Alappuzha District. ... Idukki district and town in Kerala Idukki is one among the 14 districts of Kerala state, India. ... For the district with the same name, see Pathanamthitta district Pathanamthitta is a city and a municipality in Pathanamthitta district in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore For the suburb of Travancore in Melbourne, Australia, see Travancore, Victoria. ...


Transport

Getting around the city is easy with numerous auto rickshaws available. Buses services are mostly very affordable. Local bus service system is there, and is present to most places in the district. Kerala State Road Corporation buses (KSRTC) ply from Kottayam town to most other places in the district/state. KSRTC Bus-stand is very near to city-centre. Kottayam is well connected through rail as well. Trains pass through Kottayam to Kochi in the north and to Thiruvananthapuram in the south. Kottayam town is one of the important railway stations in the state, with almost all express and super fast trains having a stop. There are trains passing through Kottayam, from and to most major cities in the country like New Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, etc. The nearest airport is at Kochi, 76 km away from the city. The other major nearby airport is at Thiruvanthapuram which is approximately 150 kilometers from here. Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... A KSRTC bus running on National Highway 17 Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is the state-run transport corporation in Kerala, South India. ... , Thiruvananthapuram   (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം Tiruvanantapuraṁ), also known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. ... Kochi may refer to: Kochi, India, a city in the state of Kerala, India, formerly known as Cochin. ...


Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Kottayam municipality had a population of 60,725, while Kottayam district had a population of 19,52,901. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. It is one of the very few places which witnessed a negative population growth from 1991 to 2001.[citation needed] 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


Trading Place

Extensive cultivation of rubber trees in Kerala, especially in vast areas of Kottayam District, in small and large plantations as well as in small lots and even in many housesyards, has made Kottayam a major trading place of natural rubber in India. Quite fittingly, The Rubber Board, a body set up by the Indian government for the development of rubber industry is located at Kottayam. A number of small and medium sized enterprises in and around the town are engaged in the processing of rubber (latex) and manufacturing of rubber products. Besides rubber, Kottayam is also a trading place of other commercial crops grown in the District and neighbouring areas. Being the headquarters of the district with lot of plantations, Plantation Corporation of Kerala also its headquarters in Kerala. This does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the typesetting system. ...


Shopping and Recreation Facilities

Kottayam is still one of the important centres of business in Kerala. Most of the shops are located around the stretch of KK(Kottayam-Kumily) road, that passes through the town. Baker Junction is also considered among the Business centres in the town. In recent years Kanjikuzhy has emerged as one of the upcoming commercial and residential hubs in the town. Kanjikuzhy is around 3 km from the city centre. Many Tourism related Businesses are also present in Kottayam. Kumarakom, one of the famous tourist destinations in Kerala, being only at around 14 km, from the town centre. Quite a few hotels and restaurants are present in and around the town. There is Municipal park in Sastri road, near city centre. Also there are around five movie halls in the town close to the city centre, showing mainly Malayalam, English, Tamil and Hindi movies. Kottayam is one among the initial release centres in the state for new movies. Kottayam district is traditionally known for a sport loving place and being the district headquarters there have been some eminent sports personalities from in and around the town also. The presence of the famous Nehru stadium at the entrance of the town stands as testimony for this. And many tournaments happen in the town in the course of the year. Basketball is very popular and Marian Trophy ( Marian Junior College)Girideepam trophy(Girideepam school), Lourdes trophy(Lourdes School) and Virginia Memorial tournament(Mount Carmes school) are among the famous basketball tournaments. Tournaments conducted by Baselius college are also famous.


Publishing Centre

In 1821 Benjamin Baily, a British missionary, established C.M.S. Press, the first printing press in Kerala, in Kottayam. The town has been in the forefront of Newspaper and Book publishing in the state ever since. Malayala Manorama, the newspaper with the largest circulation of all dailies in Malayalam, was founded here in 1888. And Manorama is known by the sobriquet of "Granny Of News Papers"by the critiques from left circle. Deepika, another Malayalam newspaper, also started publishing from here in the same year. In 1945, a group of writers set up SPCA, (short for 'Literary Workers' Co-operative Society' in Malayalam), a unique co-operative of writers, which became a leading publisher in the State. Kottayam is home to several other books and periodical publishers in Malayalam languages such as D. C. Books, Labour India Publications and Manorajyam etc. Other newspapers which have their publishing offices in Kottayam include Mathrubhumi, Mangalam and Madhyamam. The Manorama Logo in Malayalam Malayala Manorama (Malayalam: മലയാള മനോരമ) is a popular Malayalam newspaper in Kerala, India. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Deepika or Dipika may refer to: Deepika Chikhalia, an Indian actress and Member of Parliament most famous for portraying Sita in Ramanand Sagars television series Ramayan Deepika Thathaal, a Norwegian singer, composer and human rights activist. ... DC Books is the largest publisher in Kerala, the leading publisher of books in Malayalam, and one of the top ten publishers in India. ... Labour India Publications Ltd. ... Mathrubhumi is one of the leading Malayalam language newspapers in Kerala state of India. ... The flagship company of the group, Mangalam Publications (India) Private Limited, published Mangalam weekly in Malayalam. ... Madhyamam is a Malayalam daily newspaper established in 1987 by the initiatives of Jamaat-e-Islami Hind. ...


Education

The Old Seminary of the Malankara Orthodox Church was the first institution to start English education in Southern India. C.M.S High School, (now Church Missionary Society College High School), was founded by the British missionary, Benjamin Bailey of the Church Mission Society of London. C.M.S College, the first college in Kerala was started in Kottayam in 1817 by the Church Missionary Society. The Baker Memorial Girls High School in Kottayam,founded by Amalia Dorothea Baker in 1820, is one of the oldest girls' schools in India. The Church Missionary Society College High School (CMS High School) is situated in Kottayam, Kerala, India. ... The Church Mission Society, known as the Church Missionary Society in Australia and New Zealand, is an evangelistic society working with the Anglican Church and other Protestant Christians around the world. ... The C.M.S College is situated in Kottayam, Kerala, India. ...


The leading institution of higher education in Kottayam is the Mahatma Gandhi University, one of the six universities in Kerala. Medical College, Kottayam also includes a Dental College and a Nursing College. There are also a number of Arts & Science Colleges, including famous C.M.S. College, the first institution of higher education in the State & nation, where the former president of India had studied, Baselius college Kottayam, BCM College, couple of engineering and polytechnic colleges, and several nursing schools, located in and around the town. The Mahatma Gandhi University was established on October 2nd 1983 by the Government of Kerala through an Act of the Legislative Assembly. ... Medical College Kottayam (MCK) is one of the five government financed medical colleges in the state of Kerala, located at the southern tip of India. ...


There are many famous schools in and around the town, the oldest and most distinguished being Baker Memorial Girls High School, located on top of Baker Hill and in the centre of Kottayam town, the CMS College High School and the MT seminary High School, which have produced many very good doctors, engineers, teachers, scientists, lawyers and managers, working all over the world. Newer schools like Mount Carmel School, Corpus Christi school, Girideepam School, Marian School,Don Bosco etc. are also doing well.


Kottayam was known as an educational hub in the state, and still has niche for itself in the field of education. In 1989, Kottayam became the first fully literate Municipal town in India.


Media

Major Malayalam newspapers published in Kottayam include Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Deshabhimani, Deepika, Kerala Kaumudi etc.Some evening papers are also published from the town. Cable television is very popular. Telephony services are provided by various players like Airtel, Vodafone, Idea, and state owned BSNL. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bharti Televentures. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England, UK. It is the largest mobile telecommunications network company in the world by turnover and has a market value of about £84. ... Idea cellular is a wireless telephony company operating in various states in India. ... Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ...


Third Sector

In the district, there are number of third sector organizations, dealing with rural development, social service delivery, poverty reduction, empowerment of women and marginalized sections, restoration of eco-system, training and research. Centre for rural management (CRM), is one of the leading autonomous research organizations under third sector, located at Kottayam


Temples, Churches, Mosques

Reflecting the religious make up of the population, Hindu temples and Christian churches dot the townscape. Notable among them are Thirunakkara Mahadeva temple and two churches known as Cheriya Palli and Valiya Palli and Thazhathangadi Muslim Palli(Juma Masjid).


Thazhathangady Juma Masjid situated in the banks of river Meenachil is one of the oldest Mosques in India and is more than 1000 years old. It is very famous for its architectural beauty, and the richness in wood carvings. This mosque was constructed by the followers of the Islamic prophet Muhammad during one of their first voyages to Kerala. The interior of the mosque is built using wood with marvelous craftings. The mosque is situated just 2&nbps;km from Kottayam town and is on the route to Kumarakom. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Meenachil is the name of the north-eastern region of Kottayam district in Kerala, south India. ... The Quran identifies a number of men as prophets of Islam. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


Thirunakkara Mahadeva temple, at the heart of the town, is a Shiva temple built in the Kerala style of temple architecture, and with interior murals depicting themes from the Hindu epics. It was built at the beginning of 16th century by the then Raja of Thekkumkur. The annual temple festival that culminates in a ceremony called the Aaraattu, attracts large number of devotees. Ettumanoor Mahadeva temple, Kaduthuruthy Mahadeva Temple, vaikom Mahadeva Temple and Thiruvayamkudy Mahadeva Temple are the other famous Shiva temples in this district. Thirunakkara is the name of a small portion of the Kottayam town in Kerala district, India. ... Mahadeva may refer to : Shiva and Vishnu - two gods in Hinduism Mahadeva (Buddhism) - a Buddhist monk and founder of the Mahasanghika school in about 320 BCE. Mahadeva - the name of an undertaker and a recipient of the Chief Ministers gold medal from the city of Bangalore, India Category: ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The epic is a broadly defined genre of narrative poetry, characterized by great length, multiple settings, large numbers of characters, or long span of time involved. ... Arattu (Holy Bath) is a part of the rituals of the festivals of most of the major temples of Kerala. ...

Malankara Orthodox St. Mary's Church, also known as Cheriapally (Little Church); originally built in 1579
Malankara Orthodox St. Mary's Church, also known as Cheriapally (Little Church); originally built in 1579

Kottayam is a major center of Syrian Christians of Kerala. St. Mary's Church, the Valia Palli (the Big Church), built in 1550 by Knanaya Syrian Jacobite Christians who immigrated from West Asia is considered as the first Christian church in Kottayam. This building is noted for its Persian inscriptions and a Persian stone cross. Another St. Mary's Church known as Cheria Palli (the Little Church), belonging to the Malankara Orthodox Church was built in 1579 by the Raja of Thekkumkur for his Christian subjects. Similarly St Mary's Church of Kudamalloor built by Raja of Chempakassery. These churches features temple architectural influences. The interior murals, painted using vegetable dyes, depict Biblical themes. The St. Mary's Church at Manarcaud, owned by the Jacobite Syrian Church, situated at around 8 km from the town is a major pilgrim centre. A Nasrani (also called as a Syrian - Malabar Christian) is a type of Christian from Kerala, South India who follows the earliest form of Christian-Jewish tradition of the early Christians. ... The Nasrani Menorah also known as the Mar Thoma sliba Knanaya (Heb:קנאים, Ar:قينان), literally meaning Knai people, are an endagamous Jewish people from Kerala, India. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The Bible (From Greek βιβλια—biblia, meaning books, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported papyrus) is the sacred scripture of Christianity. ... HH Mor Ignatios Zakka I Iwas The Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church, or sometimes called Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, an Orthodox church in Malankara (Kerala) is a branch and an integral part of the Syriac Orthodox Church with the Patriarch of Antioch, His Holiness Moran Mor Ignatius Zakka I Iwas...


The Syro-Malabar rite of the Roman Catholic church has an Archeparchy based in Kottayam.[3][4]. Some of the important Catholic churches in Kottayam include Lourdes Forane church, Good Shepherd church, Vimalagiri cathedral, Christhuraja cathedral etc. Another famous Catholic church St: Mary's Church at Athirampuzha is around 10 km from the town. St. Mary's Church, Kuravilangad, is another famous church which is said to be constructed in 355 AD. Syro-Malabar Church Official website The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church is a Major Archiepiscopal Church in communion with the Roman Catholic Church. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Eparchy, an anglicized Greek word, authentically latinized as eparchia, loosely translating as rule over something, but has the following specific meanings, both in political history and in the hierarchy of eastern churches. ...


Hospitals, Health care

  • Caritas Hospital
  • Matha Hospital, Thellakom
  • SH Medical Center, Nagampadom, Kottayam
  • District Hospital, KK Road, Kottayam
  • Little Lourdes Mission hospital, Kidangoor
  • Indo - American Hospital
  • Bharath Hospital
  • Mandiram Hospital Manganam
  • Karipal Hospital at Kalathilpady
  • Sukhodaya Ayurveda Hospital,Kanjikuzhy
  • Apart from above, Kottayam has a Government medical college, Dental college at Gandhinagar which is quite near to the town.

This article is about Caritas Hospital in Kerala. ... Medical school generally refers to a tertiary educational institution (or part of such an institution) which is involved in the education of future medical practitioners (medical doctors). ...

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kottayam
  2. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  3. ^ Archeparchy of Kottayam (Syro-Malabarese) from catholic-hierarchy.org
  4. ^ Vicariate Apostolic of Kottayam - Catholic Encyclopedia article

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with New Catholic Encyclopedia. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
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Kottayam is a vast network of rivers and canals, which empty into the great expanse of water called Vembanad Lake.
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