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Kostis Palamas (1859-1943) was a Greek poet. Born in Patras, he received his primary and secondary education in Missolonghi. In the early 1880s, he worked as a journalist and literary critic. He published his first collection of verses, "The Songs of My Fatherland," in 1886. He was secretary general of the University of Athens, between 1897 and 1926. He died during the German occupation of Greece in 1943 and his funeral was a major event of the Greek resistance.
He has been called the "national" poet of Greece and was closely associated with the struggle to rid Modern Greece of the "purist" language and with political liberalism. He dominated literary life for 30 or more years and greatly influenced the entire political-intellectual climate of his time. His most important poem "The twelve lays (or words) of the gypsy" is a poetical-philosophical journey of an intellectually rebelious post-Byzantine Greek, who explores work,love,art,country,religion and science, keenly aware of his roots and of the contradictions in his heritage.
Categories: Articles that need to be wikified | 1859 births | 1943 deaths | Greek poets
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