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Port and city view of Kos town on the island Kos.
Port and city view of Kos town on the island Kos.

Kos or Cos (36°51′N 27°14′E, Greek: Κως; Turkish: İstanköy; Italian: Coo; formerly Stanchio in English) is a Greek island in the Dodecanese group of islands, in the Aegean Sea, which it separates from the Gulf of Cos. It measures 40 km by 8 km, and is only 4 km from the coast of Bodrum in Turkey. The island has both fertile plains and infertile highlands. Population: 30,500. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1936, 1892 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1936, 1892 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Dodecanese (Greek: Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa, meaning twelve islands) are a group of Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwest coast of Turkey. ... The Aegean Sea. ... The Gulf of Gökova (Turkish: Gökova körfezi), Gulf of Kerme (Turkish: Kerme körfezi, Greek: Κεραμεικός κόλπος, Latin: Ceramicus Sinus, English: Ceramic Gulf), or Gulf of Cos, is a long (100 km), narrow gulf of the Aegean Sea which separates the Bodrum peninsula from the Resadiye peninsula in southwest... Bodrum Castle can be seen on the upper left corner, Bodrum marina is located on the right side of the bay Bodrum (formerly Budrum, previously Petronium, originally Halicarnassus) is a Turkish port in MuÄŸla Province. ...

Contents

History

The island was originally colonised by the Carians. The Dorians invaded in the 11th century BC and joined the Athenian Federation, expelling the Persians twice. In 366 BC the town of Kos was built, then soon after the island became a part of the Roman Empire, then the Byzantine Empire. The Carians (Greek Καρες Kares, or Καρικοι Karikoi) were the eponymous inhabitants of Caria. ... This article or section should include material from Dorian invasion The Dorians were one of the ancient Hellenic (Greek) races. ... Events 1006 BC - David succeeds Saul the King. ... The Delian League was an association of Greek city-states in the 5th century BC. As it was led by Athens, it is sometimes pejoratively referred to as the Athenian Empire. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC - 360s BC - 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 371 BC 370 BC 369 BC 368 BC 367 BC - 366 BC - 365 BC 364 BC 363... The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... What Up. ...

Ruins of an agora in Kos town.
Ruins of an agora in Kos town.

The island was later conquered by the Venetians, who then sold it to The Knights of Saint John of Rhodes. Two hundred years later the Knights faced the threat of a Turkish invasion, and so abandoned the island. The Ottoman Empire ruled Kos for 400 years until it was transferred to Italy in 1912. In World War II, the island was taken over by Germany, until 1945, when it became a protectorate of Britain, who ceded it to Greece in 1947. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1936, 2476 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1936, 2476 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Rocky landscape with ruins, by Nicolaes Berchem, ca. ... An agora (αγορά), translatable as marketplace, was an essential part of an ancient Greek polis or city-state. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Map of the Venetian Republic, circa 1000 CE. The republic is in dark red, borders in light red. ... The Knights Hospitaller (the or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land, but soon became a militant Christian Chivalric Order under its own charter, and was charged with the care... Location map of Rhodes Rhodes, (Greek: Ρόδος (pron. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1683) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ...


Geography

Locator map of Kos in the Aegean Sea.
Locator map of Kos in the Aegean Sea.

The island is part of a chain of mountains from which it became separated after earthquakes and subsidence that occurred in ancient times. These mountains include Kalymnos and Kappari which are separated by an underwater chasm c. 70 m (40 fathoms deep), as well as the volcano of Nisyros and the surrounding islands. Image File history File links GR_Kos. ... Image File history File links GR_Kos. ... An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the sudden release of stored energy in the crust that propagates seismic waves. ... Pothia Kalymnos (Greek: Κάλυμνος; Turkish: Kilimli; Italian: Càlino) is a Greek island in the south-eastern Aegean Sea. ... A fathom is a unit of length equivalent to 6 feet or 2 yards. ... Satellite image of Nisyros island, an active volcano Nisyros (Greek: Νίσυρος; also transliterated Nissiros; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a volcanic Greek island located in the Aegean Sea. ...


There is a wide variety of rocks in Kos which is related to its geographical formation. Prominent among these are the Quaternary layers in which the fossil remains of mammals such as horses, hippopotami and elephants have been found. The fossil molar of an elephant of gigantic proportions was presented to the Paleontology Museum of the University of Athens. For other uses, see Quaternary (disambiguation). ... The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greek: Εθνικόν και Καποδιστριακόν Πανεπιστήμιον Αθηνών), usually referred to simply as the University of Athens, is the oldest university in the region of the eastern Mediterranean and has been in continuous operation since its establishment in 1837. ...


The shores of Kos Island are washed by the waters of the Karpathian Sea. Its coastline is 112 km long and is caressed by long immaculate beaches, leading to its main industry being tourism. Farming is the principal occupation of many of the island's inhabitants, with their main crops being grapes, almonds, figs, olives, and tomatoes, along with wheat and corn. Cos lettuce may be grown here, but the name is unrelated. Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis lincecumii Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis... Binomial name Prunus dulcis (Mill. ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese... Binomial name Olea europaea L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian... Look up Tomato in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Oats, barley, and some products made from them Cereal crops are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible grains or seeds (technically a type of fruit called a caryopsis). ... Romaine lettuce Romaine lettuce (also known simply as Romaine, from French< Latin Romanus) grows in a long head of sturdy leaves which have a firm rib down their centers. ...


Culture

The main port and population centre on the island, also called Kos, is also the tourist and cultural centre, with whitewashed buildings including many hotels, restaurants and a small number of nightclubs forming the famous Kos town "barstreet". The town has a 14th century fortress at the entrance to its harbour, erected in 1315 by The Knights of Saint John of Rhodes. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Events August 13 - Louis X of France marries Clemence dAnjou. ... The Knights Hospitaller (the or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land, but soon became a militant Christian Chivalric Order under its own charter, and was charged with the care... Location map of Rhodes Rhodes, (Greek: Ρόδος (pron. ...

The platane of Hippocrates.
The platane of Hippocrates.
Greek orthodox church in Pyli on Kos island.
Greek orthodox church in Pyli on Kos island.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kos

The ancient physician Hippocrates is thought to have been born on Kos, and in the center of the town is the Plane Tree of Hippocrates, a dream temple where the physician is traditionally supposed to have taught. The limbs of the now elderly tree are supported by scaffolding. The small city is also home to the International Hippocratic Institute and the Hippocratic Museum dedicated to him. Near the Institute are the ruins of Asklepieion, where Herodicus taught Hippocrates medicine. Image File history File links Kos_Platane1. ... Image File history File links Kos_Platane1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1936x2592, 1425 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1936x2592, 1425 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Hippocrates of Cos II. or Hippokrates of Kos (c. ... The Plane tree of Hippocrates in Kos, Greece. ... The Sleep temple (also known as Dream temple or Egyptian sleep temple) is regarded by some as an early instance of hypnosis over 4000 years ago, under the influence of Imhotep. ... The Hippocratic Museum is a museum dedicated to the ancient Greek physician Hippocrates on the Greek Island of Kos who was believed to have been born there. ... In ancient Greece, an asclepieion was a healing temple, sacred to the god Asclepius. ... Herodicus (Ήρóðιĸος) was a Thracian physician of the fifth century BC, and a native of Selymbria. ...


The main villages of Kos island are Kardamena, Kefalos, Tigaki, Antimachia, Mastihari, Marmari and Pyli. Smaller ones are Zia, Zipari, Platani, Lagoudi and Asfendiou. Kardamena is now a popular resort for young British holidaymakers and has a large number of bars and nightclubs. A village is a human settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... Kardamena At dawn Main Square Kardamena (Greek: Καρδάμαινα), is a small town 7km from Kos airport at Antimacheia, situated mid-way along the south coast of Kos, in the Dodecanese. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Kardamena At dawn Main Square Kardamena (Greek: Καρδάμαινα), is a small town 7km from Kos airport at Antimacheia, situated mid-way along the south coast of Kos, in the Dodecanese. ...


Religion

The main religion practiced is Greek Orthodoxy and as such, Kos has one of the four cathedrals in the entire Dodecanese. There is also a Roman Catholic Church on the island as well as a Mosque catering to the Muslim community of Kos. The Synagogue is no longer used for religious ceremonies as the Jewish community of Kos was practically wiped out by the Nazis in World War II. It has however been restored and is maintained with all religious symbols intact and is now used by the Municipality of Kos for various events, mainly cultural. Greek Orthodox Church can refer to any of several hierarchical churches within the larger group of mutually recognizing Eastern Orthodox churches. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see Terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins and sees itself as the same Church founded by Jesus of Nazareth and maintained through Apostolic Succession from the Twelve... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... Lesko synagogue, Poland A synagogue (Hebrew: בית כנסת ; beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: שול, shul; Ladino אסנוגה esnoga) is a Jewish place of religious worship. ... The word Jew (Hebrew: &#1497;&#1492;&#1493;&#1491;&#1497;) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


References

GNU logo (similar in appearance to a gnu) The GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free content, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU project. ...

External links

Municipalities and communities of the Dodecanese Prefecture
AfantouArchangelosAstypalaiaAttavyrosChalkiDikaioIalysosIrakleidesKallitheaKalymnosKameirosKarpathosKasosKosLeipsoiLerosLindosMegisti/KastelorizoNisyrosPatmosPetaloudesRhodesSouth RhodesSymiTilos
AgathonisiOlympos

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kos - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (800 words)
Kos or Cos (36°51′N 27°14′E, Greek: Κως; Turkish: İstanköy; Italian: Coo; formerly Stanchio in English) is a Greek island in the Dodecanese group of islands, in the Aegean Sea, which it separates from the Gulf of Cos.
The shores of Kos Island are washed by the waters of the Karpathian Sea.
The ancient physician Hippocrates is thought to have been born on Kos, and in the center of the town is the Plane Tree of Hippocrates, a dream temple where the physician is traditionally supposed to have taught.
Kos, Greece, Greek islands (1145 words)
Kos was given to Italy in 1912, and freed in 1948.
Kos has many small villages worth visiting, and it is a good idea to rent a vehicle and explore them on your own.
Kos is reputed for being one of the best party islands, with many bars and clubs, as well as beachparties.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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