In January of 1944, the encroaching SovietRed Army executed a pincer operation against a salient in the German lines near the town of Cherkassy. German troops, prevented from retreat by orders of Adolf Hitler, soon found themselves completely encircled, with their only source of supply being an airfield next to the town of Korsun. The Soviets thus succeeded in encircling 56,000 Germans, creating the largest pocket of German troops since the Battle of Stalingrad.
After the encirclement the Red Army persistently tightened their stranglehold against the German troops in the pocket, while at the same time, the Germans, led by Field Marshal von Manstein, mounted increasingly strong relief efforts against the outer Soviet perimeter. The relief was a partial success as the enciricled German forces were able to break out, but they suffered heavy losses and had to abandon most of their heavy equipment.
US ARMY Historical Study - Operations of Encircled Forces, German Experiences in Russia (http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/BOOKS/WWII/20234/20234.html)
Categories: World War II operations and battles of the Eastern Front | Stub
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