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Encyclopedia > Korean American
Korean American
Total population

Korean
2,087,496 Americans
0.7% of the US population[1] Image File history File links Judge Herbert Choys official portrait File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (557x750, 125 KB)[edit] Summary Michelle Wie waves to her fans [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Junchoi. ...

Regions with significant populations
West Coast California, Northeast New York, Hawaii, Alaska
Languages
American English, Korean
Religions
Christian (chiefly Protestant); Buddhist

Korean Americans (Korean: 한국계 미국인, Hanja: 韓國系美國人, hangukgye migugin) are Americans of Korean descent. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Regional definitions vary The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. ... NY redirects here. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) English[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. ...

Contents

Demographics

As of 2000, there were approximately 1.3 million Korean Americans, with large populations in California, New York, Texas, Washington, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Georgia, and Virginia. Los Angeles, with its Koreatown district, is home to the largest population of Koreans outside of Asia. Palisades Park, New Jersey has the highest concentration of people of Korean ancestry in the United States at 36.38% of the population. The 2000 Census recorded an additional 151,555 Americans of part-Korean ancestry. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... NY redirects here. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... This article contains a trivia section. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Wilshire Boulevard in Koreatown Koreatown is a community of the Wilshire Center district in the Mid-Wilshire area of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Map highlighting Palisades Parks location within Bergen County. ...


There are 56,825 adopted children of Korean nativity and place of birth (2000 U.S. Census); in addition, 99,061 Koreans were adopted into the U.S. from 1953-2001 (Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare, 2002).


South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade counted 2,087,496 ethnic Koreans living in the United States in 2005; of those, only 32% held U.S. citizenship, the lowest proportion of the four largest overseas Korean groups. Another 47% were permanent residents; by this count, the total number of citizens or permanent residents was 1,665,452. The remaining 422,044 individuals were international students (4.1%) or other non-permanent residents (16%).[1] The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade is in charge of diplomacy for South Korea, as well as handling external trade and matters related to overseas Korean nationals. ...


History

The first group of Korean laborers came to Hawaii in January 1903 to fill in gaps created by problems with Chinese and Japanese laborers. Between 1904 and 1907 about 1,000 Koreans entered the mainland from Hawaii through San Francisco.[2] Many Koreans dispersed along the Pacific Coast as farm workers or as as wage laborers in mining companies and as section hands on the railroads. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ...


After the annexation of Korea by Japan in 1910, Korean migration to the United States was virually halted. Picture brides became a common practice for marriage to Korean men. After World War II, opportunities were more open to Asian Americans, enabling Korean Americans to move out of enclaves into middle-class neighborhoods. When the Korean War ended in 1953, small numbers of students and professionals entered the United States. A larger group of immigrants included the wives of U.S. servicemen, and as many as 150,000 adoptees. As many as one in four Korean immigrants in the United States can trace their immigration to the wife of a serviceman. With the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, Koreans became one of the fastest growing Asian groups in the United States, surpassed only by Filipinos. An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... The Immigration and Nationality Act amendments of 1965 (Hart-Celler Act, INS Act of 1965, Pub. ...


In the 1980s and 1990s, Koreans became noted for their small businesses such as dry cleaners and convenience stores. Tensions between these owners and their customers, often African American, were publicized by press coverage of the 1992 Los Angeles riots as well as by the American film industry's movies such as Spike Lee's Do the Right Thing. An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The 1992 Los Angeles riots, also known as the Rodney King uprising or the Rodney King riots, were sparked on April 29, 1992 when a predominately white jury acquitted four police officers accused in the videotaped beating of black motorist Rodney King when he resisted arrest following a high-speed... This article relates to the movie, Do the Right Thing. For cultural terms such as the Right Thing or the Wrong Thing, see Right Thing. ...


Their children, along with those of other Asian Americans would also be noted in headlines and magazine covers in the 1980s for their numbers in prestigious universities. Favorable economics and education have led to the painting of Asian groups such as the Koreans as a "model minority."


A number of U.S. states have declared January 13 as Korean American Day in order to recognize Korean Americans' impact and contributions.


A small number of Koreans immigrated to the United States in the early years of the twentieth century to work on Hawaiian sugar plantations. The difficult working conditions on the plantations motivated some Korean Americans to move to the mainland where many continued in agricultural work. Their numbers were so limited that they were a fairly dispersed group, not gathering in enclaves as other immigrants have. On the mainland, they experienced the same kinds of discrimination that other Asian groups encountered including being prohibited from attending school with whites in San Francisco, being unable to intermarry with whites (California Anti-Miscegenation Law, 1901) and being unable to own land in California (1913 Alien Land Law). The years from 1910-1940, when Japan occupied Korea, were particularly difficult for many Korean Americans as they thought of themselves more as exiles than immigrants and felt they were without a country. Immigration quotas kept the number of Korean immigrants relatively low through the 1950's when most of the immigrants were Korean War brides, orphans, or students.


In 1965, the Immigration Act abolished the quota system that had restricted the numbers of Asians allowed to enter the United States. Large numbers of Koreans, including some from the North that have come via South Korea, have been immigrating ever since, putting Korea in the top five countries of origin of immigrants to the United States since 1975. The reasons for immigration are many including the desire for increased freedom, especially for women, and the hope for better economic opportunities. In South Korea, which is roughly the size of Maine and has a population density second only to Bangladesh, there is an oversupply of college graduates including many engineers, nurses, and doctors.


Socioeconomics

Koreans are among the most educated and have higher than average incomes compared to other Asian groups, as well as American averages.[citation needed]. Many run small businesses such as restaurants, small retail shops, and dry cleaning businesses. Such businesses often require some capital and long hours. Some Koreans immigrate at the expense of working in a job below their level of education to obtain an education in American schools for their children.


Religion

Korean Americans in America have historically had a very strong Protestant heritage. About 75% of Koreans living in America are Protestant or Roman Catholic. The other 20% are Buddhist and 5% non-religious or spiritualist-structuralist.


See also

This is a list of Wikipedia articles on Korea-related people, places, things, and concepts. ... This is a list of famous Korean Americans. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Korean American writers include Korean Americans born in the United States or those who have settled there after coming from Korea. ... Koreatown (Korean: 코리아타운) is a term to describe the Korean ethnic enclave within a city or metropolitan area. ... Albany Park is a residential and commercial neighborhood on the Northwest Side of Chicago, and one of the most diverse in the United States. ... Koreatown, Manhattan Koreatown, or K-town as it is colloquially known, is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan, that is generally bordered by 31st and 36th Streets and Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenues. ... Wilshire Boulevard in Koreatown Koreatown is a community of the Wilshire Center district in the Mid-Wilshire area of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Population of the United States, 1790 to 2000 The demographics of the United States depict a largely urban nation, with 57 percent of its population living in places more than 100 miles away from the ocean (2003). ...

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b 2005년도 재외동포현황 (2005 Present Status of Overseas Compatriots). Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Republic of Korea (2005). Retrieved on 2007-05-14.
  2. ^ Patterson 2000: 1-11

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade is in charge of diplomacy for South Korea, as well as handling external trade and matters related to overseas Korean nationals. ... --> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sources

  • Huntington, Samuel. "Are We a Nation "Under God"?", The American Enterprise, July-August 2006. Retrieved on 2007-02-20. 
  • Patterson, Wayne (2000). The Ilse: First-Generation Korean Immigrants in Hawai'i, 1903-1972. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0824822412. 

--> Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
National Association of Korean Americans - Resources (2255 words)
Korean Americans are celebrating year 2003 as the 100th anniversary of Korean immigration to the United States.
Korean migration to Hawaii was largely a result of the efforts of Horace Allen, a missionary, medical doctor, businessman and self-styled diplomat and the Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association.
Korean American immigrants have settled primarily in California (345,882), New York (119,846), New Jersey (65,349), Illinois (51,453), Washington (46,880), Texas (45,571), Virginia (45,279), Maryland (39,155), Pennsylvania (31,612), Georgia (28,945), and Hawaii (23,537).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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