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Encyclopedia > Kopperunchinga II

Kopperunchinga II (reigned c.1243 - 1279 CE) was a Kadava cheiftain, who succeeded his father Kopperunchinga I and continued his successes against the Cholas and the Hoysalas. Kopperunchinga II practically acted as the Chola king's protector and helped him maintain his position on the Chola throne. Kopperunchinga II assumed such titles as Maharajasimha, Khadgamalla, Kadava Pallava, Alappirandan and Avaniyalappirandan. He has left numerous inscriptions mainly in the South Arcot and Chingleput districts and the northern portion of Thanjavur, and a few have also been found in the North Arcot and Chittoor districts. Kadava was the name of a South Indian ruling dynasty who ruled parts of the Tamil country during the thirteenth and the fourteenth century CE. Kadavas were related to the Pallava dynasty and ruled from Kudalur near Cuddalore in Tamil Nadu. ... Kopperunchinga I (reigned c. ... The Cholas were a South Indian Tamil dynasty, antedating the early Sangam literature (c. ... The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. ... South Arcot is a former district of British India, located in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... Chingleput or Chengalpattu is a city in northern Tamil Nadu state of India. ... Thanjavur (தஞ்சாவூர் in Tamil), formerly known as Tanjore, is a city in Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ... The Indian District of North Arcot split on 1989-09-30 into Tiruvannamalai-Sambuvarayar (present-day Tiruvannamalai District) and North Arcot Ambedkar (present-day Vellore District). ... Map showing Chitoor district Chittoor, also known as Chittur, is a city and district of Indias Andhra Pradesh state. ...



Expansion of Kadava power

The political situation of the Tamil country during the reign of Rajendra Chola III was very favourable for Kopperunchinga II to continue the rapid consolidation of the Kadava power and expand it even beyond the extent it was during his father's reign. Kadava's main adversary was the Hoysalas who engaged the Kadava army in many battles during Kopperunchinga I's reign. During Kopperunchinga II, his Hoysala contemporary Somesvara II was absent from the Tamil country as he was busy consolidting his own precarious position at home. Kopperunchinga actively assisted Rajendra Chola III ascend the Chola throne and acted as his protector. Rajendra Chola III was the son of Rajaraja Chola III who came to the Chola throne in 1246 CE. Although his father Rajaraja III was still alive, Rajendra began to take effective control over the administration. ... The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. ... Kopperunchinga I (reigned c. ...

Kopperunchinga II followed his father to the throne sometime during the early months of 1243 CE. His residence was at Sendamangalam, where his father had established the Kadava capital. His territories extended from Kanchipuram in the north to near Kumbakonam in the south. The territories north of Kanchipuram was occupied by the Telugu Chola king Vijaya Gandagopala. Kanchipuram temple, engraved in 1811. ... Kumbeswara temple at Kumbakonam Kumbakonam is a town in the Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. ...


Relationship with Cholas and Pandyas

The Chola territories were confined to the area around Thanjavur and portions of Tiruchi and Kopperunching was the most immediate stronger ruler. As a result the Cholas was practically a feudatory to Kopperunchinga. Chidambaram, the temple town favoured by the Cholas now lay within the Kadava territies. As some of Rajendra Chola III's inscriptions are found in places under Kopperunchinga's control, we may assume that these two rulers were acting as allies against the Kakatiyas. Tiruchirapalli (also spelled Tiruchchirappalli, commonly known as Tiruchi or Trichy, formerly known as Trichinopoly under British rule) is a city situated on the banks of the Kaveri river, centrally located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Chidambaram is a town of India, in the South Arcot district of Tamil Nadu, 11 km from the coast and 240 km south of Chennai by rail. ... The Kakatiya Dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that ruled parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 to 1323. ...

Kopperunchinga's relationship with the Pandya king Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan was also of a cordial nature after an initial enemity. The Pandya king defeated the Kadava chieftain in battle and sacked the Kadava capital Sendamangalam in 1258 CE. Kopperunchinga was arrested, and released after agreeing to pay annual tribute to the Pandyas. He also faught on the side of the Pandyas in their battle against the Hoysala. The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient state at the tip of South India, founded around the 6th century BCE. It was part of the Dravidian cultural area, which also comprised other kingdoms such as that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara. ... The tone of this article is inappropriate for an encyclopedia article. ... The Hoysala Empire ruled part of southern India from 1000 to 1346. ...


End of Kadavas

Kopperunchinga continued to pay tribute to the Pandyas throughout Sundara Pandya's reign. In 1268 Kulasekara Pandya ascended the throne and the Pandyas swept across the Tamil country and eleminated the remnants of the Cholas. The Pandya territories covered the entire South Indian peninsula upto the River Krishna in the north. During this process the Kadavas along with their Chola allies perished. We hear no more of Kpooerunchinga II or the Kadavas after 1279 CE.


See also


Pallava Dynasty (300s-early 900s) were the rulers of the northern part of what is now the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. ... The Chola dynasty (Tamil: சோழர் குலம்; IPA pronunciation: ) was a Tamil dynasty that ruled primarily in southern India until the 13th century CE. The dynasty originated in the fertile valley of the Kaveri River. ...


  • Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1955). A History of South India, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002).
  • South Indian Inscriptions - http://www.whatisindia.com/inscriptions/



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