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Encyclopedia > Kootenai (tribe)
Kootenai
Total population

1984 Image File history File links Bandera_Kutenai_Idaho. ... This article is about the year. ...

Regions with significant populations
United States (Idaho, Montana, Washington), Canada (British Columbia)
Languages
English, Kootenai
Religions
Christianity, other

The Kootenai (also spelled Kutenai) or Ktunaxa (pronounced in English as /k.tuˈnæ.hæ/) are an indigenous people of North America. They are one of three tribes of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana, and they form the Ktunaxa Nation in British Columbia. There are also populations in Idaho and Washington in the United States. The Flathead Reservation is home to the Bitterroot Salish and Pend d'Oreilles tribes as well. Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Kootenai language The Kootenai language (also Kutenai or Ktunaxa language) is named after and is spoken by some of the Kootenai Native American/First Nations people who are indigenous to the area of North America that is now Montana, Idaho, and British Columbia. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic... Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Bold text Flathead delegation in Washington, D.C. with interpreter, 1884 Flathead family The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation are the Bitterroot Salish, Kootenai and Pend dOreilles Tribes. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44°26N to 49°N  - Longitude 104°2W to 116°2W Population  Ranked... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... The Flathead Indian Reservation is located in western Montana, it is home to the Bitterroot Salish, Kootenai and Pend dOreilles Tribes - also known as the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation (1). ... Salish Men Near Tipis (1903 Flathead Reservation, MT) The Bitterroot Salish are one of three tribes of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana. ... Tribal flag Tule Hut Kalispel Mission Group The Pend dOreilles, also known as the Kalispel, are a tribe of Native Americans who lived centered around Lake Pend Oreille, as well as the Pend Oreille River, although some of them live spread through Montana and eastern Washington. ...


The tribes constitute a distinct stock (Kitunahan). There is evidence that they formerly lived in the eastern plains and were driven into the mountains by the Blackfeet. Sahpo Muxika, also known as Crowfoot, former Head Chief of the Blackfeet Nation. ...

Kootenai Group Near Tipis (ca. 1900)
Kootenai
Kootenai girls, photographed by Edward S. Curtis in 1911.

Contents

Kootenai group near tipis (ca. ... Kootenai group near tipis (ca. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (606x651, 102 KB) distribution of Kutenai language info created by en:User:ish ishwar in 2005 released under CC-by-2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (606x651, 102 KB) distribution of Kutenai language info created by en:User:ish ishwar in 2005 released under CC-by-2. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x780, 117 KB) Kutenai girls Edward S. Curtis, 1911 Northwestern University Library, Edward S. Curtiss The North American Indian: the Photographic Images, 2001. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x780, 117 KB) Kutenai girls Edward S. Curtis, 1911 Northwestern University Library, Edward S. Curtiss The North American Indian: the Photographic Images, 2001. ...

History

On September 20, 1975, the Kootenai Tribe headed by Chairwoman Amy Trice declared war on the United States government. Their first act was to post soldiers on each end of the highway that runs through the town and they forced people, at gunpoint, to pay a toll to drive through the land that had been the tribe’s aboriginal land. The money would be used to house and care for elderly tribal members. Most tribes in the United States are forbidden to declare war on the U.S. government because of treaties, but the Kootenai Tribe never signed a treaty. The dispute resulted in the concession by the United States government and a land grant of 10.5 acres that would become what is now the Kootenai Reservation. [1] In 1974 the tribe issued "Kootenai Nation War Bonds" that sold at $1.00 each. The bonds were dated 20 September, 1974 and contained a brief declaration of war on the United States. These War Bonds were signed by Amelia Custack Trice, Tribal Chairwoman and Douglas James Wheaton, Sr., Tribal Representative. The bonds themselves were printed on heavy paper stock and were created and signed by well known Western Artist, Emilie Touraine.


Member Nations

The Ktunaxa are comprised of members of seven bands or nations, five of which are in British Columbia, Canada and two are in the United States.[1]

Cranbrook, British Columbia ( ) is a city in southeast British Columbia, seat of the Regional District of East Kootenay. ... Grasmere, British Columbia is a tiny hamlet located in the South East corner of the Canadian province of British Columbia within the Regional District of East Kootenay (RDEK). ... Creston ( Lat. ... Invermere is a community in eastern British Columbia, Canada, near the border of Alberta. ... Bonners Ferry is a city located in Boundary County, Idaho. ... Elmo is a census-designated place located in Lake County, Montana. ...

Kootenai Indian Reservation

The Kootenai Indian Reservation lies in central Boundary County, Idaho, about 40 km south of the Canadian border, and about 3 km west-northwest of the city of Bonners Ferry. It has a land area of only 0.076575 km² (18.922 acres) and a 2000 census resident population of 75 persons. Boundary County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. ... Bonners Ferry is a city located in Boundary County, Idaho. ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


See also

Kootenai language The Kootenai language (also Kutenai or Ktunaxa language) is named after and is spoken by some of the Kootenai Native American/First Nations people who are indigenous to the area of North America that is now Montana, Idaho, and British Columbia. ... Bold text Flathead delegation in Washington, D.C. with interpreter, 1884 Flathead family The Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation are the Bitterroot Salish, Kootenai and Pend dOreilles Tribes. ... Salish Kootenai College (SKC) is a Native American tribal college based in Pablo, Montana which serves the Bitterroot Salish, Kootenai, and Pend dOreilles tribes. ... The Kootenay Region (in common parlance The Kootenays) comprises the southeastern portion of British Columbia. ... Jennifer Porter is the current tribal chair of the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho. ... Kaúxuma Núpika, also called Qangon and the Manlike Woman, was a Kootenai woman who lived in the early 19th century. ... Kootanae House, also spelled Kootenae House, was a North West Company fur trading post built by Jaco Finlay under the direction of David Thompson near present-day Invermere, British Columbia in 1807. ...

Literature

  • A. F. Chamberlain, "Report of the Kootenay Indians of South Eastern British Columbia," in Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, (London, 1892)
  • John Maclean, Canadian Savage Folk, (Toronto, 1896)

Alexander Francis Chamberlain (1865 - 1914) was a Canadian USA. Categories: Anthropologists ... John Maclean (b. ...

References

  • Kootenai Reservation, Idaho United States Census Bureau
  1. ^ Who We Are - Ktunaxa Nation

External link

  • Official website of the Ktunaxa Nation
This article relating to Indigenous peoples of North America is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kootenai Tribe Statement June 24, 2003 (1277 words)
The Tribe’s activities in the Columbia River Basin focus mainly on implementation of appropriate measures in the United States Fish and Wildlife Service’s biological opinion for the Kootenai River white sturgeon and bull trout and collaborative, community-based approaches to restoration of other resident fish and wildlife species.
The Tribe recognizes, however, the interconnectedness of the Basin ecosystem and the necessity of anadromous fish recovery to Basin restoration.
One forum for this collaboration is the Upper Columbia United Tribes (UCUT), consisting of the Colville, Spokane, Kalispel, Coeur d’Alene and Kootenai Tribes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 
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