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Encyclopedia > Kool DJ Herc
Kool Herc
Background information
Birth name Clive Campbell
Born April 16, 1955 (1955-04-16) (age 52)
Origin Kingston, Jamaica
Bronx, New York, USA
Genre(s) Hip hop
Years active 1969–present

DJ Kool Herc was the originator of break-beat DJing, where the breaks of funk songs—being the most danceable part, often featuring percussion—were isolated and repeated for the purpose of all-night dance parties (AMG [1]). Later DJs such as Grandmaster Flash refined and developed the use of breakbeats, including cutting. While growing up in Kingston he saw and heard the sound systems firsthand at neighborhood parties called dancehalls (Chang 2005). He moved to the Bronx, New York at the age of 12 and began to throw free neighborhood parties. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... In popular music a break is an instrumental or percussion section or interlude during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a break from the main parts of the song or piece. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... “Percussion” redirects here. ... Grandmaster Flash (born Joseph Saddler on January 1, 1958 in Barbados) is a hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... In hip hop music, cutting is a disc jockey technique, originated by DJ Grandmaster Flash, which is manually queueing up duplicate copies of the same record in order to play the same passage, cutting back and forth between them. ... This article, image, template or category should belong in one or more categories. ... The Bronx is one of the five boroughs of United States. ...


He is also well known for his massive, high-quality, high-volume sound system, against which even superior DJs could not compete (Toop, 1991). Herc first used reggae records and was toasting to the music like Jamaican artists U-Roy and I-Roy. But he started using funk records due to popular demand. Sound system has multiple meanings: A sound reinforcement system is a system for amplifying, reproducing, and sometimes recording audio. ... Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... U-Roy (born Ewart Beckford September 21, 1942 in Jones Town, Jamaica, also known as The Originator, Hugh Roy) U-Roys musical career began in 1961 (see 1961 in music) when he began DJing at various sound systems, eventually working with King Tubby. ... Roy Samuel Reid (June 28, 1949-November 27, 1999, born in St. ...


Kool Herc and his MC crew The Herculords "started a movement which recycled the creativity of black American jive jocks back into the USA" (Toop 39). The relationship between hip hop and reggae became more important again with reggae artists and rappers collaborating with each other, from Yellowman and Afrika Bambaataa to KRS-One and Shabba Ranks. Hip hop and reggae still influence each other in both directions. Main article: Hip hop music For the English folk dance, see Rapper sword. ... Yellowman (born Winston Foster in Negril, Jamaica in 1959) is a Jamaican ragga and dancehall deejay. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... KRS-One (born Lawrence Krisna Parker on August 20, 1965 in Brooklyn, New York. ... Shabba Ranks (born Rexton Rawlston Fernando Gordon, 17 January 1966, Sturgetown, St Anns, Jamaica) is a Jamaican dancehall recording artist. ...


During the later part of the decade, Herc was stabbed at one of his own parties, sidelining him during most of the 1980s as hip hop spread throughout the country (AMG). During the 1990s, he made several appearances, gave interviews, and appeared on The Godfathers of Threat by Terminator X (a DJ with Public Enemy). He still DJs around the world. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Terminator X (born Norman Rogers, 25 August 1966) is best known as the producer DJ of the rap group Public Enemy, which he left in 1999. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ...


Herc is featured in Jin's music video, Top 5 (Dead or Alive) Album cover for Jins debut album, The Rest is History Jin Au-Yeung (Traditional Chinese: 歐陽靖; Simplified Chinese: 欧阳靖; Pinyin: Ōuyáng Jìng; Cantonese Yale: Au Yeung Jing), also known as Jin, Jin tha MC and The Emcee, 100 Grand Jin is a Chinese American rapper who speaks Cantonese and... Top 5 (Dead or Alive) is the first and only single released from Jins second album The Emcees Properganda. ...


In an 1989 interview with Davey D, Herc said, "Hip Hop, the whole chemistry of that came from Jamaica." In the interview, Herc talked about the first modern day rappers and the lyrics they had. He said "Well the rhyming came about..because I liked playing lyrics that were saying something. I figured people would pick it up by me playing those records, but at the same time I would say something myself with a meaningful message to it."( (Davey D [2]).


On Nas' "Who Killed It," a song that seeks to find who killed hip hop, off of his Hip Hop is Dead album, Nas credits Kool Herc with playing a part in creating hip hop. First he, as a detective, asks hip hop, a woman in this song, "What are ya born 77 or 78?" Hip hop responds, "Nah it goes way to an earlier date/Slave times, claims the slaves said rhymes." So Nas claims hip hop was born from slaves. He goes onto say, "But she fell in love with some fella named Clive/Who? Clive Campbell from Sedgwick Ave, the Bronx/Now she shows me the cash I said who's Clive, don't play with me skirt/She said Clive Campbell/He's Kool Herc."


Sources

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Kool DJ Herc

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kool DJ Herc - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (395 words)
Kool DJ Herc (born Clive Campbell on April 16, 1955) is a Jamaican-American musician and producer, generally credited as a pioneer of hip hop during the 1970s.
Kool DJ Herc and his MC crew The Herculords "started a movement which recycled the creativity of fl American jive jocks back into the USA" (Toop 39).
During the later part of the decade, Herc was stabbed at one of his own parties, sidelining him during most of the 1980s as hip hop spread throughout the country.
Disc jockey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5082 words)
The addition of a DJ mixer (used to mix the sound of the two or four playback devices), a microphone (used to amplify the human voice), and headphones (used to listen to one recording while the other is playing, without outputting the sound to the audience) is strongly recommended, but not required.
DJ Kool Herc (born 1955), inventor of breakbeat technique, "the father of hip hop culture".
DJ Clue (born Ernesto Shaw on January 8, 1975 in Queens, New York City) is a mix DJ known for his involvement in the mix tape circuit.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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