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Encyclopedia > Konstantin Stanislavski
A portrait of Konstantin Stanislavski by Valentin Serov.
A portrait of Konstantin Stanislavski by Valentin Serov.

Konstantin (Constantin) Sergeyevich Stanislavski (Stanislavsky) (Russian: Константин Сергеевич Станиславский; January 5, 1863August 7, 1938) was a Russian theatre and acting innovator. Image File history File links Stanislavsky File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Stanislavsky File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Self-portrait, 1880ies Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (Russian: Валентин Александрович Серов) (1865 - 1911) was a Russian painter. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ...

Contents

Biography

Born Constantin Sergeievich Alexeyev in Moscow to a wealthy family, he made his first acting appearance at the age of "two or three," according to his memoir, "My Life in Art.". He took the stage name Stanislavski early in his career at the age of 25 (possibly to preserve the reputation of his family.) In some translations, his name is written "Konstantin Stanislavski". Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ... My Life in Art is the autobiography of the legendary Russian director Konstantin Stanislavski. ...


In 1888, Stanislavski established the Society of Art and Literature at the Maly Theatre, where he gained experience of aesthetics and stagecraft. Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Knipper Theatre, Kniper Theatre or Knieper Theatre (Russian: Театр Карла Книпера) was the venue of a German theatrical troupe led by Karl Kniper which performed in Saint Petersburg beginning in 1777. ...


In 1897 he co-founded the Moscow Art Theatre (MKhAT) with Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko. One of the company's first productions was Anton Chekhov's The Seagull. It was at MKhAT that Stanislavski began developing, based on the realist tradition of Aleksandr Pushkin, his famous "System" (often called the "Method", though this is an inaccuracy; method acting was developed from it). "The System" would later be adapted by Lee Strasberg, Stella Adler, Robert Lewis, Sanford Meisner, and many others in the United States. Stanislavski's System focused on the development of realistic characters and stage worlds. Actors were instructed to use their "Affective Memory" in order to naturally portray a character's emotions. In order to do this actors were required to think of a moment in their own lives when they had felt the desired emotion and then replay the emotion in role in order to achieve a more genuine performance. 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Moscow Art Theatre is a theatre company in Moscow, Russia, founded in 1897 by Konstantin Stanislavsky and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko. ... Vladimir Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko (Владимир Иванович Немирович-Данченко in Russian) (December 11(23), 1858 - April 25, 1943, Moscow) was a Russian theatre director, writer, pedagogue, and playwright, who co-founded the Moscow Art Theatre with his more famous colleague, Konstantin Stanislavsky, in 1898. ... Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: IPA: ) was a Russian physician, short story writer, and playwright. ... The Seagull is the first of what are generally considered to be Anton Chekhovs four major plays. ... Aleksandr Pushkin by Vasily Tropinin Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин, Aleksandr Sergeevič PuÅ¡kin,  ) (June 6, 1799 [O.S. May 26] – February 10, 1837 [O.S. January 29]) was a Russian Romantic author who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet[1] [2][3] and the founder of modern Russian... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... January 20, 1978: Lee Strasberg talks about his craft during a two-week seminar in Germany. ... Stella Adler (February 10, 1901 – December 21, 1992) was an American actress, and for decades was regarded as Americas foremost acting teacher. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... // Sanford Meisner was born in Brooklyn, New York on August 31, 1905, the oldest son of a family of Jewish immigrants that came to America from Hungary. ... Emotional memory in acting is an element of the Stanislavski System or Method Acting, an approach to acting. ...


The method

Stanislavsky's Method, also known as the System of Physical Actions, is a systematic approach to training actors to work from the inside outward, and is heavily influenced by "Affective Memory". Stanislavski proposed that actors study and experience subjective emotions and feelings and to manifest them to audiences by physical and vocals means, also known as Theatre language. This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Emotional memory in acting is an element of the Stanislavski System or Method Acting, an approach to acting. ... Theatre Language are the spoke words and actions by the actors, that the playwright assigns in a performance. ...


Stanislavski survived both the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the Russian Revolution of 1917. In 1918, Stanislavski established the First Studio as a school for young actors and wrote several works: those available in English translation include: An Actor Prepares, Building a Character, Creating a Role, and the autobiography My Life in Art. The Russian Revolution of 1905 was an empire-wide struggle of both anti-government and undirected violence. ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political and social upheavals in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal and moderate-socialist Provisional Government, resulting in the establishment of Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Hello people This book by Stanislavski is a good read. ... My Life in Art is the autobiography of the legendary Russian director Konstantin Stanislavski. ...


It is important to remember that Stanislavski always thought of his system as if it were a table of contents for a large book which dealt with all aspects of acting. His final work, now known as The Method of Physical Actions, is in no way a rejection of his early interest in sense and affective memory. At no time did he ever reject the notion of emotion memory; he simply found other means of accessing emotion, among them the absolute belief in given circumstances; the exercise of the imagination; and the use of physical action. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...


Legacy

Stanislavski had different pupils during each of the phases of discovering and experimenting with a Universal System of acting. One such student, Richard Boleslavsky, founded the American Laboratory Theatre in 1925. It had a tremendous impact on American acting, when one of Boleslavsky's students, Lee Strasberg, went on to co-found The Group Theater (1931-1940) with Harold Clurman and Cheryl Crawford, the first American acting company to put Stanislavski's first discoveries into theatrical practice. Boleslavsky had been in Stanislavsky's class when experimenting with Affective Memory. Stanislavski's theory later evolved to rely on Physical Action inducing feelings and emotions. Affective Memory is applied in Stanislavski's System but not as much so as in Lee Strasberg's Method. Harold Edgar Clurman (September 18, 1901 – September 9, 1980) was an Jewish-American theater director and drama critic, most famous for his work with New York Citys Group Theater. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Stella Adler, the only American to study with Stanislavski, was taught the System of Physical Actions in Paris for 5 weeks in 1934. With this new knowledge she came to Strasberg and introduced to him the new System of Physical Actions. Lee Strasberg understood the differences but rejected the System of Physical Actions. He believed that acting was recollection of emotion. Adler said of Strasberg: "He got it all wrong." Stella Adler (February 10, 1901 – December 21, 1992) was an American actress, and for decades was regarded as Americas foremost acting teacher. ...


Among the actors who have employed Stanislavski's System in some form are Jack Nicholson, Marilyn Monroe, James Dean, Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift, Harvey Keitel, Steve McQueen, Paul Newman, Warren Beatty, Geraldine Page, Dustin Hoffman, Robert De Niro, Al Pacino, Jane Fonda, Benicio Del Toro, Mark Ruffalo, Johnny Depp, Vincent D'Onofrio, and Sean Penn. John Joseph Nicholson, better known as Jack Nicholson (born April 22, 1937 in Neptune, New Jersey) is an iconic, three-time Academy Award and seven time Golden Globe winning American method actor known for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. ... Norma Jeane Mortenson (June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962), better known as Marilyn Monroe, was a Golden Globe Award-winning American actress, singer, model and pop icon. ... James Byron Dean (February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955) was an American film actor. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Edward Montgomery Clift (October 17, 1920 - July 23, 1966) was an American actor known by the stage name of Montgomery Clift. ... Harvey Johannes Keitel (born May 13, 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor based in New York City. ... Steve McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an American movie actor, nicknamed The King of Cool. He was one of the biggest box-office draws of the 1960s and 1970s due to a popular anti-hero persona. ... Paul Leonard Newman (born January 26, 1925) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe, Cannes Award, and Emmy Award winning American iconic actor and film director. ... Henry Warren Beaty (born March 30, 1937), better known as Warren Beatty, is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American actor, producer, screenwriter, and director. ... Geraldine Sue Page (November 22, 1924 - June 13, 1987) was an Academy Award and Emmy Award-winning and Tony Award-nominated American actress. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Robert Mario DeNiro Jr. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Jane Fonda (born December 21, 1937) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress, writer, political activist, former fashion model, and fitness guru. ... Benicio Monserrat Rafael Del Toro Sanchez (born February 19, 1967, in San Germán, Puerto Rico) is an Academy Award winning Puerto Rican actor. ... Ruffalo in Just Like Heaven, 2005 Mark Alan Ruffalo (born November 22, 1967 in Kenosha, Wisconsin) is an American actor who has received critical acclaim for his film work. ... Johnny Depp (born John Christopher Depp II[2] on June 9, 1963) is an Academy Award-nominated and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American actor. ... Vincent Phillip DOnofrio (born June 30, 1959) is an American actor and producer. ... Sean Justin Penn (born August 17, 1960) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor & director. ...


Charlie Chaplin said, "Stanislavki's book, An Actor Prepares, helps all people to reach out for big dramatic art. It tells what an actor needs to rouse the inspiration he requires for expressing profound emotions." Charles Chaplin redirects here. ...


Sir John Gielgud said, "This director found time to explain a thousand things that have always troubled actors and fascinated students." Gielgud is also quoted as saying, "Stanislavski's now famous book is a contribution to the Theatre and its students all over the world." John Gielgud as photographed in 1936 by Carl Van Vechten Sir Arthur John Gielgud OM CH (April 14, 1904–May 21, 2000) was an English theatre and film actor, regarded by many as one of the greatest of his time. ...


Stanislavski's goal was to find a universally applicable approach that could be of service to all actors. Yet he said of his System, "Create your own method. Don't depend slavishly on mine. Make up something that will work for you! But keep breaking traditions, I beg you."


External links

  • Stanislavsky's portrait by M. Nappelbaum

  Results from FactBites:
 
Konstantin Stanislavski - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (935 words)
Konstantin (Constantin) Sergejevitch Stanislavski (Stanislavsky) (Russian: Константин Сергеевич Станиславский; January 5, 1863–August 7, 1938) was a Russian theatre and acting innovator.
Stanislavsky proposed that actors study and experience subjective emotions and feelings and to manifest them to audiences by physical and vocals means, also known as Theatre language.
Stanislavski survived both the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the Russian Revolution of 1917, with Lenin apparently intervening to protect him.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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