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Encyclopedia > Konstantin Pobedonostsev

Konstantin Petrovich Pobedonostsev (Константин Иванович Победоносцев in Russian) (1827 - 1907) was a Russian jurist, statesman, and thinker. Usually regarded as a prime representative of the Russian conservatism, he was a gray cardinal of the imperial politics during the reign of his disciple Alexander III of Russia. 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... The term statesman is a respectful term used to refer to diplomats, politicians, and other notable figures of state. ... Conservatism is any of several historically-related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Alexander III of Russia - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ...

Contents

Life

Pobedonostsev was known for his gaunt figure and pale, corpse-like countenance, as one may judge from this portrait by Ilya Repin.

Pobedonostsev studied at the School of Law in St.Petersburg, and entered the public service as an official in one of the Moscow departments of the senate. From 1860 to 1865 he was professor of civil law in the Moscow State University, and instructed the sons of Alexander II in the theory of law and administration. Repins portrait of Konstantin Pobedonostsev. ... Repins portrait of Konstantin Pobedonostsev. ... Ilyá Yefímovich Répin (Илья́ Ефи́мович Ре́пин) (August 5, 1844 (Julian calendar: July 24) – September 29, 1930) was a leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Maskvá  listen), capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... A professor is a senior teacher and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... Civil law has at least three meanings. ... Moscow State University campus M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В.Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, MSU, MGU) is considered the oldest university in Russia, founded in 1755. ... Alexander II (1818-1881) Alexander (Aleksandr) II (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (April 17, 1818–March 13, 1881) was the Emperor (tsar) of Russia from March 2, 1855 until his assassination. ...


In 1868, he became a senator in St.Petersburg, in 1872 - a member of the Council of the Empire, and in 1880 - chief procurator of the Holy Synod. He always showed himself an uncompromising conservative and never shrank from expressing boldly his opinions. Consequently, in the liberal circles he was always denounced as an obscurantist and an enemy of progress. 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... 1872 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The State Council (Государственный Совет) was the supreme state advisory body to Tsar in Imperial Russia. ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A promagistrate is a person who acts in and with the authority and capacity of a magistrate, but without holding a magisterial office. ... In several of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, the patriarch or head bishop is elected by a group of bishops called the Holy Synod. ... Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... Obscurantism is a vehement opposition to extention of knowledge beyond certain limits and to questioning dogmas. ...


After the death of Alexander III, he lost much of his influence for Nicholas II, while clinging to his father's Russification policy and even extending it to Finland, disliked the idea of systematic religious persecution, and was not wholly averse from the partial emancipation of the Russian Church from civil control. Nicholas II can refer to: Pope Nicholas II Tsar Nicholas II of Russia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Emancipation means becoming free and equal; the term can be used in various contexts: historically, a slave becoming free by being set free by the owner (manumission), voluntarily or in accordance with laws requiring it after a certain time or in certain cases, thereby becoming freedman (e. ...


During the revolutionary tumult, which followed the disastrous war with Japan, Pobedonostsev, being nearly 80 years of age, retired from public affairs. He died on March 23rd, 1907 and was fictionalized as old senator Ableukhov in the great novel of Andrey Bely called Petersburg (1912). The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a country-wide spasm of both anti-government and undirected violence. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... 1907 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Boris Budaev Andrei Bely (Андрей Белый) was the pseudonym of Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev (1880 - 1934), a Russian novelist, poet, theorist, and literary critic. ...


Doctrine

Pobedonostsev held the view that human nature is sinful. Consequently, he rejected the Western ideals of freedom and independence as "dangerous delusions of nihilistic youth". In his own works, he would often cite other writers without proper reference, assuming that "thoughts and words of one individual belong not to him, but to mankind in general". Statue of Liberty - Liberty is one meaning of freedom. For proper-noun uses of Freedom, see Freedom (disambiguation). ...


In the early years of the reign of Alexander II Pobedonostsev maintained, though keeping aloof from the Slavophiles, that Western institutions were radically bad in themselves and totally inapplicable to Russia. At that period, he contributed several papers to Alexander Herzen's radical periodical Voices from Russia. A Slavophile was an advocate of the supremacy of Slavic culture over that of others, especially Western European culture. ... Western can refer to: A Western blot is a method in molecular biology to detect a certain protein in a sample by using antibody specific to that protein. ... Alexander Herzen in 1867 Aleksandr Ivanovich Herzen (Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Ге́рцен) (April 6, 1812 - January 21, 1870) was a major Russian pro-Western writer and thinker known as the father of Russian socialism. He is held responsible for creating a political climate leading to the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. ...


He denounced democracy as "the insupportable dictatorship of vulgar crowd". Parliamentary methods of administration, modern judicial organization and procedures, trial by jury, freedom of the press, secular education - these were among the principal objects of his aversion. He subjected all of them to a severe analysis in his Reflections of a Russian Statesman. The debating chamber or hemicycle of the European Parliament in Brussels. ... The jury trial (not to be confused with grand jury proceedings or trial by jury) is a bench trial wherein the Judge uses a jury to advise him on the facts while he determines the law. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public speech often through a state constitution for its citizens, and associations of individuals extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ... Secular education is a term that refers to the system of public education in countries with a secular or separation between religion and state. ...


To these dangerous products of Western rationalism he found a counterpoise in popular vis ineriiae, and in the respect of the masses for institutions developed slowly and automatically during the past centuries of national life. In his view, human society evolves naturally, just like a tree grows. Human mind is not capable to perceive the logic of social development. Any attempt to reform society is a violence and a crime. Among the practical deductions drawn from these premises is the necessity of preserving the autocratic power, and of fostering among the people the traditional veneration for the ritual of the national Church. Rationalism, also known as the rationalist movement, is a philosophical doctrine that asserts that the truth should be determined by reason and factual analysis, rather than faith, dogma or religious teaching. ... Autocracy is a form of government where unlimited power is held by a single individual. ... A church building is a building used in Christian worship. ...


In the sphere of practical politics he exercised considerable influence by inspiring and encouraging the Russification policy of Alexander III, which found expression in an administrative nationalist propaganda and led to Tsarist Russia's most elaborately justified and most thoroughly carried-out programs of religious persecution, largely centered upon Russia's Jews. This article is about the political term. ... Alexander III of Russia - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ... This article is in need of attention. ...


He articulated the systematic policy of discrimination against Jews known as the May Laws of 1882 as designed to "cause one-third of the Jews to emigrate, one-third to accept baptism, and one-third to starve". In the period from 1881 to 1920, about two million of Russian Jews emigrated, mostly to the United States. On May 15, 1882, Tsar Alexander III of Russia introduced the so-called Temporary laws which stayed in effect for more than thirty years and came to be known as the May Laws. ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...


Although Pobedonostsev, especially during the later years of his life, was generally detested, there was at least one man who not only shared his views but also sympathized with him personally. It was the novelist Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky. Their correspondence is still read with the utmost interest. "I believe that he is the only man who can save Russia from the revolution", wrote the Russian novelist. Fyodor Dostoevsky. ... A revolution is a relatively sudden and absolutely drastic change. ...


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


Related articles

Count Ivan Davidovich Delyanov (Делянов, Иван Давыдович in Russian) (December 12, 1818 — January 10, 1898) was a Russian statesman of Armenian descent. ... Mikhail Nikiforovich Katkov (1818-1887) was a conservative Russian journalist influential during the reign of Alexander III. On finishing his course at the Moscow University Katkov devoted himself to literature and philosophy, and showed so little individuality that during the reign of Nicholas I he never once came into disagreeable...

External links

  • Review of Pobedonostsev's doctrines (http://russianway.rchgi.spb.ru/Pobedonoszev/02_firso.pdf)
  • Pobedonostsev and Dostoevsky (http://old.sgu.ru/users/project/16_dvizhenie_stepanov.html)
  • Encyclopedia article on Pobedonostsev (http://www.krugosvet.ru/articles/74/1007456/1007456a1.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Konstantin Pobedonostsev at AllExperts (1217 words)
Pobedonostsev was known for his gaunt figure and pale, corpse-like countenance, as one may judge from this portrait by Ilya Repin.
Pobedonostsev's father Pyotr Vasilyevich Pobedonostsev was Professor in literature in the Moscow State University.
In the early years of the reign of Alexander II Pobedonostsev maintained, though keeping aloof from the Slavophiles, that Western institutions were radically bad in themselves and totally inapplicable to Russia since they had no roots in Russian history and culture and did not correspond to the spirit of Russian people.
Konstantin Petrovich Pobedonostsev Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography (569 words)
The Russian statesman and jurist Konstantin Petrovich Pobedonostsev (1827-1907), as director general of the Holy Synod, became a champion of czarist autocracy, orthodoxy, and Russian nationalism.
Konstantin Pobedonostsev was born on May 21, 1827, in Moscow.
In 1846 Pobedonostsev was assigned to the eighth department of the Senate in Moscow.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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