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Encyclopedia > Konrad Adenauer
Konrad Adenauer


In office
September 15, 1949 – October 16, 1963
Preceded by Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk (1945)
Succeeded by Ludwig Erhard

Born January 5, 1876(1876-01-05)
Cologne
Died April 19, 1967 (aged 91)
Bad Honnef
Political party Centre Party, CDU
Spouse Emma Weyer, Auguste (Gussie) Zinsser
Occupation Lawyer
Religion Roman Catholic

Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer (IPA: [kɔnʁa:t hɛɐman jozef a:denaʊeɐ]), January 5, 1876April 19, 1967) was a German statesman. Although his political career spanned 60 years, beginning as early as 1906, he is most noted for his role as the first Chancellor of West Germany from 1949–1963 and chairman of the Christian Democratic Union from 1950 to 1966. He was the oldest chancellor ever to serve Germany, leaving at the age of 87. Konrad Adenauer can refer to: Konrad Adenauer, a conservative German statesman, noted for his role as West Germanys first chancellor Konrad Adenauer (airplane), the German airplane serving the travel needs of the German head-of-government. ... Image File history File links Konrad Adenauer election poster This is a copyrighted poster. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ... The Federal Republic of Germany can refer to two things: West Germany from 1949-1990 Germany since German reunification in 1990 ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Count Johann Ludwig Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk (Johann Ludwig Graf Schwerin von Krosigk), EK, (August 22, 1887 – March 4, 1977) was a German politician. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Bad Honnef seen from the Drachenfels Bad Honnef is a spa town in Germany near Bonn in the Rhein-Sieg district, North Rhine-Westphalia. ... The German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei or merely Zentrum), often called the Catholic Centre Party, was a Catholic political party in Germany during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic. ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Statesman is a respectful term used to refer to politicians, and other notable figures of state. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ... This article needs cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this list may require cleanup. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Konrad Adenauer was born as the third of five children of Johann Konrad Adenauer (1833-1906) and his wife Helene (1849-1919) (née Scharfenberg) in Cologne. His siblings were August (1872-1952), Johannes (1873-1937), Lilli (1879-1950) and Elisabeth, who died shortly after birth. In 1894, he completed his Abitur and started to study law and politics at the universities of Freiburg, Munich and Bonn. He was a member of several Roman Catholic students’ associations under the K.St.V. Arminia Bonn in Bonn. He finished his studies in 1901. Afterwards he worked as a lawyer at the court in Cologne. For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Abitur (from Latin abire = go away, go off) is the word commonly used in Finland and Germany for the final exams young adults (aged 18, 19 or 20) take at the end of their secondary education, usually after 12 or 13 years of schooling. ... Location of Freiburg in Germany. ... Main building of the Ludwig Maximilians University Main staircase of the university, Munich The Atrium at the main building The Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich (German: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München), also known as LMU or simply University of Munich, is a university in the heart of Munich. ... The University of Bonn (German: Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn) is a public research university located in Bonn, Germany. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Coat of Arms of the K.St. ...


Early political career

As a devout Roman Catholic, he joined the Centre Party in 1906 and was elected to Cologne’s city council in the same year. In 1909, he became Vice-Mayor of Cologne. From 1917 to 1933, he served as Mayor of Cologne. He had the unpleasant task of heading Cologne in the era of British occupation following the First World War and lasting until 1926. He managed to establish faithful relations with the British military authorities and flirted with Rhenish separatism (a Rhenish state as part of Germany, but outside Prussia). During the Weimar Republic, he was president of the Prussian State Council (Preußischer Staatsrat) from 1922 to 1933, which was the representative of the Prussian cities and provinces. The German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei or merely Zentrum), often called the Catholic Centre Party, was a Catholic political party in Germany during the Kaiserreich and the Weimar Republic. ... The Rhenish Republic (Rheinische Republik), as proclaimed at Aachen / Aix-la-Chapelle, in October 1923, comprised three territories, named North, South and Ruhr, with regional capitals respectively in Aachen / Aix-la-Chapelle, Koblenz and Essen. ... Anthem Das Lied der Deutschen Germany during the Weimar period, with the Free State of Prussia (in blue) as the largest state Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1918-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann(first)  - 1933 Kurt von Schleicher (last) Legislature... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ...


When the Nazis rose to power in 1933, the Centre Party lost the “elections” in Cologne and Adenauer fled to the abbey of Maria Laach, threatened by the new government after he had refused even to shake hands with a local Nazi leader. The hosting of Adenauer for a year at this abbey was cited by its abbot after the war, when accused by Heinrich Böll and others of collaboration with the Nazis. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Abbey of Maria Laach The medival abbey of Maria Laach was built between 1093 and 1177, with a buttock added around 1225. ... A monument of Heinrich Böll in Berlin Heinrich Theodor Böll (December 21, 1917 – July 16, 1985) was one of Germanys foremost post-World War II writers. ...


He was imprisoned briefly after the Night of the Long Knives. During the next two years, he changed residences often due to reprisals inflicted on him by the Nazis. In 1937, he was successful in claiming at least some compensation for his once confiscated house and managed to live in seclusion for some years. For other uses, see Night of the Long Knives (disambiguation). ...


According to Albert Speer in his Spandau: The Secret Diaries, Hitler expressed admiration for Adenauer, noting his building of a road circling the city as a bypass, and of a “green belt” of parks. However, both Hitler and Speer felt that due to Adenauer’s principal political views and general stubbornness, he couldn’t possibly play any role within their movement nor be helpful to the Nazi party in any way. For the son of Albert Speer, also an architect, see Albert Speer (the younger). ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         The National Socialist German Workers Party, (German: , or NSDAP, commonly known as the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1919 and 1945. ...


After the failed assassination attempt on Hitler, in 1944, he was imprisoned for the second time, being known as an opponent of the regime. But no active role in the plot could be connected to him by the Gestapo and he was released some weeks later. Shortly after the war, the Americans installed him again as Mayor of Cologne, but the British administration dismissed him for his alleged incompetence. Claus von Stauffenberg The July 20 Plot was an attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler, the dictator of Germany, on July 20, 1944. ... The   (contraction of Geheime Staatspolizei: “secret state police”) was the official secret police of Nazi Germany. ...

Part of the Politics series on
Christian Democracy For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... Christian democracy is a diverse political ideology and movement. ...

Parties

Christian Democratic parties
Christian Democrat International
European People's Party
European Democratic Party
Euro Christian Political Movement
Christian Dem Org of America
This is a list of Christian Democratic parties, i. ... The Christian Democrat International (CDI) was formerly known as the Christian Democrat and Peoples Parties International. ... The European Peoples Party (EPP) is the largest transnational European political party. ... For the eurosceptic informal grouping, see European Democrats. ... The European Christian Political Movement (ECPM) is an European political association for reflection and working on Christian-democratic politics in Europe from an explicit Christian Social view. ... you suck wener and WE THINK THAT UR STUPID WEBSITE SHOULD GO TO HELL ALL OF YOU FOR MAKING US EAT BROCOLLI>>>> WOMAN<<< SALAD FINGERS HAD A TREAT WHILE RUBBING HIS FINGERS ON METAl IT WAS QUITE ORGASMICAL AND FAIRTAILING YOUR ASS BUMM! BOOTOOM DRIBBLING DOWN MY FACE. ...

Ideas

Social conservatism
Social market economy
Sphere sovereignty
Communitarianism
Stewardship
Catholic social teaching
Distributism
Neo-Calvinism
Neo-Thomism
Social conservatism generally refers to a political ideology or personal belief system that advocates the conservation or resurrection of what one, or ones community, considers to be traditional morality and social structure. ... The Social market economy was the German and Austrian economic model during the Cold War era. ... In Neo-Calvinism, sphere sovereignty is the concept that each sphere (or sector) of life has its own distinct responsibilities and authority or competence, and stands equal to other spheres of life. ... Communitarianism as a group of related but distinct philosophies began in the late 20th century, opposing radical individualism, and other similar philosophies while advocating phenomena such as civil society. ... Stewardship is a concept in theology. ... Catholic social teaching comprises those aspects of Catholic doctrine which relate to matters dealing with the collective aspect of humanity. ... Distributism, also known as distributionism and distributivism, is a third-way economic philosophy formulated by such Roman Catholic thinkers as G. K. Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc to apply the principles of social justice articulated by the Roman Catholic Church, especially in Pope Leo XIIIs encyclical Rerum Novarum[1] and... Neo-Calvinism, a form of Dutch Calvinism, is the movement initiated by the theologian and former Dutch prime minister Abraham Kuyper. ... Thomism is the philosophical school that followed in the legacy of Thomas Aquinas. ...

Important documents

Rerum Novarum (1891)
Stone Lectures (Princeton 1898)
Graves de Communi Re (1901)
Quadragesimo Anno (1931)
Laborem Exercens (1981)
Sollicitudi Rei Socialis (1987)
Centesimus Annus (1991)
Rerum Novarum (Translation: Of New Things) is an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on May 15, 1891. ... The steeple of Alexander Hall Princeton Theological Seminary is a theological seminary located in the Borough of Princeton, New Jersey in the United States. ... The steeple of Alexander Hall Princeton Theological Seminary is a theological seminary located in the Borough of Princeton, New Jersey in the United States. ... Graves de Communi Re was an encyclical written by Pope Leo XIII in 1901, on Christian Democracy. ... Quadragesimo Anno is an encyclical by Pope Pius XI, issued 15 May 1931, 40 years after Rerum Novarum (thus the name, Latin for the fortieth year). Written as a response to the Great Depression, it calls for the establishment of a social order based on the principle of subsidiarity. ... Laborem Exercens was an encyclical written by Pope John Paul II in 1981, on human work. ... Sollicitudi Rei Socialis was an encyclical written by Pope John Paul II in 1987, on the twentieth anniversary of Populorum Progressio. ... Centesimus Annus (which is Latin for hundredth year) was an encyclical written by Pope John Paul II in 1991, on the hundredth anniversary of Rerum Novarum. ...

Important figures

Thomas Aquinas · John Calvin
Pope Leo XIII · Abraham Kuyper
Maritain · Adenauer · De Gasperi
Pope Pius XI · Schuman
Pope John Paul II · Kohl · Skillen Saint Thomas Aquinas, O.P.(also Thomas of Aquin, or Aquino; c. ... John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism or Reformed theology. ... Pope Leo XIII (March 2, 1810—July 20, 1903), born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci, was the 256th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, reigning from 1878 to 1903, succeeding Pope Pius IX. Reigning until the age of 93, he was the oldest pope, and had the third longest pontificate... Abraham Kuyper (October 29, 1837, Maassluis – November 8, 1920 The Hague; name officially Kuijper) was a Dutch politician, journalist, statesman and theologian. ... Jacques Maritain Jacques Maritain (November 18, 1882 – April 28, 1973) was a French Catholic philosopher. ... Alcide De Gasperi (3 April 1881 – 19 August 1954) was an Italian statesman and politician. ... Pope Pius XI (Latin: ; Italian: Pio XI; May 31, 1857 – February 10, 1939), born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti, reigned as Pope from February 6, 1922 and as sovereign of Vatican City from 1929 until his death on February 10, 1939. ... For others with the same name see Robert Schumann (disambiguation). ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... Helmut Josef Michael Kohl (born April 3, 1930) is a German conservative politician and statesman. ... Dr. James W. Skillen is a Christian theologian and author. ...

Politics Portal · edit

Post WWII and the founding of the CDU

After his dismissal as Mayor of Cologne, Adenauer devoted himself to building a new political party, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), which hoped to embrace Protestants as well as Roman Catholics in a single party. In January 1946, Adenauer started a political meeting of the future CDU in the British zone as its doyen (the oldest man in attendance, Alterspräsident) and was informally accepted as its leader. Adenauer worked diligently at building up contacts and support in the CDU over the next few years, and he sought with varying success to impose his particular ideology on the party. His was an ideology at odds with many in the CDU who wished to unite socialism and Christianity; Adenauer preferred to stress the dignity of the individual, and he considered both communism and Nazism materialist world views that violated that dignity. This is a list of mayors of Cologne. ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community[1] for the purposes of increasing social and economic equality and cooperation. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ...


Adenauer’s leading role in the CDU of the British zone won him a position at the Parliamentary Council of 1948, called into existence by the Western Allies to draft a constitution for the three western zones of Germany. He was the chairman of this constitutional convention and, like George Washington in the United States, vaulted from this position to being chosen as the first head of government once the new “Basic Law” had been promulgated in May 1949. Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution[1] of Germany. ... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ...


First Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany

At the German federal election, 1949, Adenauer became the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (Ger. Bundeskanzler) after World War II. He held this position from 1949 to 1963, a period which spans most of the preliminary phase of the Cold War. During this period, the post-war division of Germany was consolidated with the establishment of two separate German states, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). The first elections to the Bundestag of West Germany were held on August 15, 1949, with the Christian Democrats emerging as the strongest party. Theodor Heuss was elected first President of the Republic, and Adenauer was elected Chancellor on September 16, 1949. The 1st German federal election, 1949, was conducted on August 14, 1949, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of West Germany. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... “East Germany” redirects here. ... Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups (as of September 18, 2005 elections) Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226), Social Democratic Party of Germany (222), Free Democratic Party (61), The Left Party. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Theodor Heuss (January 31, 1884 - December 12, 1963) was a German politician. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Adenauer’s achievements include the establishment of a stable democracy in defeated Germany, a lasting reconciliation with France, a general political reorientation towards the West, recovering limited but far-reaching sovereignty for West Germany by firmly integrating it with the emerging Euro-Atlantic community (NATO and the Organisation for European Economic Cooperation). Adenauer is also associated with establishing an efficient pension system, which ensured an unparalleled prosperity for retired persons, and - along with his Minister for Economic Affairs and successor, Ludwig Erhard - with the West German model of a “social market economy” (a mixed economy with capitalism moderated by elements of social welfare and Catholic social teaching), which allowed for the boom period known as the Wirtschaftswunder (“economic miracle”) and produced broad prosperity. Thus, Adenauer ensured a truly free and democratic society which had been almost unknown to the German people before - notwithstanding that more or less hopeless attempt between 1919 and 1933 (the Weimar Republic) - and which is today not just normal but also deeply integrated into modern German society. He thereby laid the groundwork for the Western world to trust Germany again in spite of the crimes that had been committed by the Nazis. Precisely because of Adenauer’s former policy, a later reunification of both German states was possible. A unified Germany remained part of the European Union and NATO. This article is about the military alliance. ... The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), (in French: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques; OCDE) is an international organisation of those developed countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. ... The Social market economy was the German and Austrian economic model during the Cold War era. ... A mixed economy is an economy that has a mix of economic systems. ... For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ... ... Catholic social teaching comprises those aspects of Catholic doctrine which relate to matters dealing with the collective aspect of humanity. ... The term Wirtschaftswunder (English: economic miracle) designates the upturn experienced in the West German and Austrian economies after the Second World War. ... Anthem Das Lied der Deutschen Germany during the Weimar period, with the Free State of Prussia (in blue) as the largest state Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1918-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann(first)  - 1933 Kurt von Schleicher (last) Legislature... This article is about the military alliance. ...

Plaque commemorating the restoration of relations between Germany and France, showing Adenauer and Charles de Gaulle.
Plaque commemorating the restoration of relations between Germany and France, showing Adenauer and Charles de Gaulle.

However, contemporary critics accused Adenauer of cementing the division of Germany, sacrificing reunification and the recovery of territories lost to Poland and the Soviet Union for the sake of speedy integration into the West. During the Cold War, he advocated West German rearmament and mandatory conscription as an answer to a similar development in East Germany. The 1952 Stalin Note offered to unify the two German states into a single, neutral, disarmed Germany to effect superpower disengagement from Central Europe. Adenauer shared the Western Allies’ suspicion about the genuineness of that offer and supported the Allies in their cautious replies. Adenauer’s critics, especially on the nationalist side, denounced him for having missed an opportunity for early German reunification. Adenauer’s defenders claimed, and continue to argue, that given the realities of the Cold War, reunification and the recovery of lost territories were not realistic goals. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 395 KB) Photo by User:Adam Carr, May 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 395 KB) Photo by User:Adam Carr, May 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... For other uses, see Charles de Gaulle (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The four occupation zones in post-war Germany The 1952 Stalin Note, a. ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... This article is about the 1990 German reunification. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


Others criticize his era as culturally and politically conservative, which sought to base the entire social and political make-up of West Germany around the personal views of a single individual, one who bore a certain amount of mistrust towards his own people.


The West German student movement of the late 1960s was essentially a protest against the conservatism Adenauer had personified. Another point of criticism was that Adenauer’s commitment to reconciliation with France was in stark contrast to a certain indifference towards Stalinist Poland. Like all other major West German political parties of the time, the CDU refused to recognize the annexation of former German territories given by the Soviets to Poland, and openly talked about regaining these territories after strengthening West Germany’s position in Europe.


In retrospect, mainly positive assessments of his chancellorship prevail, not only with the German public, which voted him the “greatest German of all time” in a 2003 television poll, but even with some of today’s left-wing intellectuals, who praise his unconditional commitment to western-style democracy and European integration.


Additional actions as Chancellor

  • Made a historic speech to the Bundestag in September 1951 in which he recognized the obligation of the German government to compensate Israel, as the representative of the Jewish people, for the Holocaust. This started a process which led to the Bundestag approving a pact between Israel and Germany in 1953 outlining the reparations Germany would pay to Israel.
  • Helped secure the release of the last German prisoners of war in 1955, a decade after the end of the war.
  • Opened diplomatic relations with the USSR and other Eastern bloc nations, but refused to recognise East Germany.
  • Reached an agreement with the USA in 1957 that gave West Germany possession of weapons capable of transporting nuclear warheads. Furthermore, Adenauer pursued nuclear cooperation with other countries with a goal of Germany being able to produce its own nuclear armament.
  • Oversaw the reintegration of Saarland with West Germany in 1957.
  • Briefly considered running for the office of President in 1959. However, he instead chose a candidate (Heinrich Lübke) whom he believed weak enough not to disturb his affairs as Chancellor.

For all of his efforts as West Germany’s leader, Adenauer was named Time magazine’s Man of the Year in 1953. In 1954, he received the Karlspreis (English: Charlemagne Award), an Award by the German city of Aachen to people who contributed to the European idea and European peace. Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups (as of September 18, 2005 elections) Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226), Social Democratic Party of Germany (222), Free Democratic Party (61), The Left Party. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... “Shoah” redirects here. ... The Reparations Agreement between Israel and West Germany was signed in 1952. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc 1948-1989. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEC Capital Saarbrücken Minister-President Peter Müller (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  2,569 km² (992 sq mi) Population 1,044,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 406 /km... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... Heinrich Lübke (October 14, 1892 – April 6, 1972) was President of Germany from 1959 to 1969. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Person of the Year is an annual issue of United States (U.S.) newsmagazine Time that features a profile on the man, woman, couple, group, idea, place, or machine that [1] // The tradition of selecting a Man of the Year began in 1927, when Time editors contemplated what they could... Bill Clinton received the Karlspreis in 2000. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ...


Adenauer found relaxation and great enjoyment in the Italian game of Bocce and spent a great deal of his post political career playing the game. Video footage of his games can be seen in various footage segments from the German Festival Documentary and from the History Channel special about Adenauer. Bocce players scoring Bocce is a precision sport closely related to bowls and pétanque with a common ancestry from ancient games played in the Roman Empire. ...


When, in 1967, after his death at the age of 91, Germans were asked what they admired most about Adenauer, the majority responded that he had brought home the last German prisoners of war from the USSR, which had become known as the “Return of the 10,000”.


Assassination attempt

On March 27, 1952, a package addressed to Chancellor Adenauer exploded in the Munich Police Headquarters, killing one police officer. Two boys who had been paid to send this package by mail had brought it to the attention of the police. Investigations led to people closely related to the Herut Party and the former Irgun organization. The German government kept all proof under seal. Five Israeli suspects identified by French and German investigators were allowed to return to Israel. is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Herut (Hebrew: חרות Freedom) was the political party of the Revisionist Zionist movement in Israel. ... Irgun emblem. ...


One of the participants, Eliezer Sudit, later indicated that the mastermind behind the attempt was Menachem Begin who would later become the Prime Minister of Israel.[1] Begin had been the former commander of Irgun and at that time headed Herut and was a member of the Knesset. His goal was to undermine the attempts of the German government to seek friendly relations with Israel.[2]   (‎, August 16, 1913 – March 9, 1992) was a Jewish-Polish head of the Zionist underground group the Irgun, Nobel Peace Prize laureate and the first Likud Prime Minister of Israel. ... Type Unicameral Speaker of the Knesset Dalia Itzik, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Deputy Speaker Majalli Wahabi, Kadima since May 4, 2006 Members 120 Political groups Kadima Labour-Meimad Shas Likud Last elections March 28, 2006 Meeting place Knesset, Jerusalem, Israel Web site www. ...


David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister of Israel, appreciated Adenauer’s response to downplay the affair and not to pursue it further as it would have burdened the relationship between the two new states. Ben Gurion redirects here. ...


In June 2006 a slightly different version of this story appeared in Germany’s leading newspaper, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, quoted by The Guardian. Begin had offered to sell his gold watch as the conspirators ran out of money. The bomb was hidden in an encyclopaedia and it killed a bomb-disposal expert, injuring two others. Adenauer was targeted because he was sending Holocaust reparations to the Israeli government, whereas Begin felt passionately that the money should go to the individual victims. Sudit, the story’s source, explained that the “intent was not to hit Adenauer but to rouse the international media. It was clear to all of us there was no chance the package would reach Adenauer.” The five conspirators were arrested by the French police, in Paris. They “were [former] members of the ... Irgun” (the organisation had been disbanded in 1948, 4 years earlier).[3] Publishing house in Frankfurt am Main The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ) is an influential high-quality national German newspaper, founded in 1949. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Irgun emblem. ...


Political scandals

Main article: Spiegel scandal

In 1962, a scandal erupted when police under cabinet orders arrested five Der Spiegel journalists, charging them with high treason, specifically for publishing a memo detailing alleged weaknesses in West German armed forces. The cabinet members, belonging to the Free Democratic Party, left their positions in November 1962, and Defense Minister Franz Josef Strauß, himself the chairman of the Christian Social Union, was dismissed, followed by the remaining Christian Democratic Union cabinet members. Adenauer managed to remain in office for almost another year, but was eventually forced to resign and was succeeded as Chancellor by Ludwig Erhard. He did remain chairman of the CDU until 1966. The Spiegel scandal of 1962 (German: ) was one of the major political scandals in Germany in the era following World War II. Essentially, the scandal boiled down to a conflict between Franz Josef Strauß, then Federal Minister of Defense, and Rudolf Augstein, owner and editor-in-chief of Der Spiegel... The Spiegel scandal of 1962 (German: ) was one of the major political scandals in Germany in the era following World War II. Essentially, the scandal boiled down to a conflict between Franz Josef Strauß, then Federal Minister of Defense, and Rudolf Augstein, owner and editor-in-chief of Der Spiegel... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... {{main|Treason}} High treason, broadly defined, is an action which is grossly disloyal to ones country or sovereign. ... Alternate cover US 1979 and 2002 reissue cover, also known as paint spatter cover For the military meaning, see Armed forces. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... Dr h. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. ...


Adenauer’s First Ministry, September 20, 1949 - October 20, 1953

  • Konrad Adenauer (CDU) - Chancellor
  • Franz Blücher (FDP) - Vice Chancellor and Minister of Marshall Plan Affairs
  • Gustav Heinemann (CDU) - Minister of the Interior
  • Fritz Schäffer (CSU) - Minister of Finance
  • Thomas Dehler (FDP) - Minister of Justice
  • Ludwig Erhard (CDU) - Minister of Economics
  • Anton Storch (CDU) - Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Wilhelm Niklas (CSU) - Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry
  • Hans-Christoph Seebohm (DP) - Minister of Transport
  • Eberhard Wildermuth (FDP) - Minister of Construction
  • Hans Schuberth (CSU) - Minister of Posts and Communications
  • Hans Lukaschek (CDU) - Minister of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims
  • Jakob Kaiser (CDU) - Minister of All-German Affairs
  • Heinrich Hellwege (DP) - Minister of Bundesrat Affairs

Changes is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU — Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the second largest political party in Germany. ... Franz Blücher (born March 24, 1896 in Essen; died March 26, 1959 in Bad Godesberg) was a German politician of the Free Democratic Party (FDP), Free Peoples Party (FVP), a splitter party of the FDP, and the German Party (DP). ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... Gustav Walter Heinemann (July 23, 1899 - July 7, 1976) was a German politician. ... Fritz Schäffer (12 May 1888, München – 29 March 1967, Berchtesgaden) was a German politician for the BVP and the CSU. In 1945 he became the first Bavarian government minister after World War II. From 1949 to 1957 he was Minister of Finance and from 1957 to 1961 Minister... The Christian Social Union of Bavaria ( ) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany. ... Thomas Dehler (December 14, 1897 in Lichtenfels – July 21, 1967 in Streitberg) was a German politician and the leader of FDP 1954–1957. ... Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. ... Hans-Christoph Seebohm (b. ... The German Party (Deutsche Partei) is a minor German political party. ... Jakob Kaiser (wall-plaque at Jakob-Kaiser-Haus, Berlin) Jakob Kaiser (8 February 1888 - 7 May 1961) was a German politician and resistance leader during World War II. Jakob Kaiser was born in the Franconian town of Hammelburg. ...

  • October 13, 1950 - Robert Lehr (CDU) succeeds Heinemann as Minister of the Interior.
  • March 15, 1951 - Konrad Adenauer becomes Minister of Foreign Affairs as well as Chancellor when the Allies allow this post to be revived.
  • July 19, 1952 - Fritz Neumayer (FDP) succeeds Wildermuth (d.9 March) as Minister of Construction.

is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Adenauer’s Second Ministry, October 20, 1953 - October 29, 1957

  • Konrad Adenauer (CDU) - Chancellor and Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Franz Blücher (FDP) - Vice Chancellor and Minister of Economic Cooperation
  • Gerhard Schröder (CDU) - Minister of the Interior
  • Fritz Schäffer (CSU) - Minister of Finance
  • Fritz Neumayr (FDP) - Minister of Justice
  • Ludwig Erhard (CDU) - Minister of Economics
  • Anton Storch (CDU) - Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Heinrich Lübke (CDU) - Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry
  • Hans-Christoph Seebohm (DP) - Minister of Transport
  • Viktor-Emanuel Preusker (FDP) - Minister of Construction
  • Franz-Josef Wuermeling (CDU) - Minister of Family Affairs
  • Franz Josef Strauß (CSU) - Minister of Special Tasks
  • Robert Tillmanns (CDU) - Minister of Special Tasks
  • Waldemar Kraft (GB/BHE) - Minister of Special Tasks
  • Hermann Schäfer (FDP) - Minister of Special Tasks
  • Siegfried Balke - Minister of Posts and Communications
  • Theodor Oberländer (GB/BHE) - Minister of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims
  • Jakob Kaiser (CDU) - Minister of All-German Affairs
  • Heinrich Hellwege (DP) - Minister of Bundesrat Affairs

Changes is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Franz Blücher (born March 24, 1896 in Essen; died March 26, 1959 in Bad Godesberg) was a German politician of the Free Democratic Party (FDP), Free Peoples Party (FVP), a splitter party of the FDP, and the German Party (DP). ... Gerhard Schröder (September 11, 1910 - December 31, 1989) was a West German politician and member of the Christian Democratic Union (Germany) party. ... Fritz Schäffer (12 May 1888, München – 29 March 1967, Berchtesgaden) was a German politician for the BVP and the CSU. In 1945 he became the first Bavarian government minister after World War II. From 1949 to 1957 he was Minister of Finance and from 1957 to 1961 Minister... Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. ... Heinrich Lübke (October 14, 1892 – April 6, 1972) was President of Germany from 1959 to 1969. ... Hans-Christoph Seebohm (b. ... Dr h. ... Siegfried Balke (born on June 1, 1902 in Bochum, died on June 11, 1984 in Munich) was a German politician (CSU). ... Theodor Oberländer (May 1, 1905 – May 4, 1998) was a German politician, military leader, and agricultural scientist. ... Jakob Kaiser (wall-plaque at Jakob-Kaiser-Haus, Berlin) Jakob Kaiser (8 February 1888 - 7 May 1961) was a German politician and resistance leader during World War II. Jakob Kaiser was born in the Franconian town of Hammelburg. ...

  • June 7, 1955 - Theodor Blank (CDU) becomes Minister of Defense when that post is revived.
  • June 8, 1955 - Heinrich von Brentano (CDU) succeeds Adenauer as Minister of Foreign Affairs. Hans-Joachim von Merkatz (DP) succeeds Hellwege as Minister of Bundesrat Affairs.
  • October 19, 1955 - Franz Josef Strauß (CSU) becomes Minister of Atomic Affairs
  • November 12, 1955 - Tillmanns leaves the cabinet.
  • October 16, 1956 - Franz Josef Strauß (CSU) succeeds Blank as Minister of Defense. Hans-Joachim von Merkatz succeeds Neumayr as Minister of Justice. Kraft and Schäfer leave the Cabinet. Siegfried Balke (CSU) succeeds Strauss as Minister of Atomic Affairs.
  • November 15, 1956 - Ernst Lemmer (CDU) succeeds Balke as Minister of Posts and Communications.

is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Theodor Blank (born September 19, 1905 in Elz an der Lahn; died May 14, 1972 in Bonn) was a German politician of the CDU. He was one of the founders of the CDU in 1945, when World War II had ended. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Heinrich von Brentano di Tremezzo (born June 6, 1904 in Offenbach, d. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Dr h. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Siegfried Balke (born on June 1, 1902 in Bochum, died on June 11, 1984 in Munich) was a German politician (CSU). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Adenauer’s Third Ministry, October 29, 1957 - November 14, 1961

  • Konrad Adenauer (CDU) - Chancellor
  • Ludwig Erhard (CDU) - Vice Chancellor and Minister of Economics
  • Heinrich von Brentano (CDU) - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Franz Josef Strauß (CSU) - Minister of Defense
  • Gerhard Schröder (CDU) - Minister of the Interior
  • Franz Etzel (CDU) - Minister of Finance
  • Fritz Schäffer (CSU) - Minister of Justice
  • Theodor Blank (CDU) - Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Heinrich Lübke (CDU) - Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry
  • Hans-Christoph Seebohm (DP) - Minister of Transport
  • Paul Lücke (CDU) - Minister of Construction
  • Franz-Josef Wuermeling (CDU) - Minister of Family and Youth Affairs
  • Richard Stücklen (CSU) - Minister of Posts and Communications
  • Theodor Oberländer (CDU) - Minister of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims
  • Ernst Lemmer (CDU) - Minister of All-German Affairs
  • Hans-Joachim von Merkatz (DP) - Minister of Bundesrat and State Affairs
  • Siegfried Balke (CSU) - Minister of Nuclear Energy and Water
  • Hermann Lindrath (CDU) - Minister of Federal Economic Possessions

Changes is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. ... Heinrich von Brentano di Tremezzo (born June 6, 1904 in Offenbach, d. ... Dr h. ... Gerhard Schröder (September 11, 1910 - December 31, 1989) was a West German politician and member of the Christian Democratic Union (Germany) party. ... Franz Etzel ( 12 August 1902, Wesel – 9 May 1970, Wittlaer by Düsseldorf) was a German politician for the CDU. From 1957 to 1961 he was Minister of Finance. ... Fritz Schäffer (12 May 1888, München – 29 March 1967, Berchtesgaden) was a German politician for the BVP and the CSU. In 1945 he became the first Bavarian government minister after World War II. From 1949 to 1957 he was Minister of Finance and from 1957 to 1961 Minister... Theodor Blank (born September 19, 1905 in Elz an der Lahn; died May 14, 1972 in Bonn) was a German politician of the CDU. He was one of the founders of the CDU in 1945, when World War II had ended. ... Heinrich Lübke (October 14, 1892 – April 6, 1972) was President of Germany from 1959 to 1969. ... Hans-Christoph Seebohm (b. ... Richard Stücklen (20 August 1916 - 2 May 2002) was a German politician of the CSU. From 1957 to 1966, he served as Federal Minister for Post and Communication and from 1979 to 1983 as President of the Bundestag, of which he was a member for over 40 years. ... Theodor Oberländer (May 1, 1905 – May 4, 1998) was a German politician, military leader, and agricultural scientist. ... Siegfried Balke (born on June 1, 1902 in Bochum, died on June 11, 1984 in Munich) was a German politician (CSU). ...

  • September 13, 1959 - Werner Schwarz (CDU) succeeds Lübke as Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry.
  • April 5, 1960 - Oberländer resigns as Minister of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims.
  • May 4, 1960 - Hans Wilhelmi (CDU) succeeds Lindrath (d. 27 February) as Minister of Federal Economic Possessions.
  • October 27, 1960 - Hans-Joachim von Merkatz (CDU) becomes Minister of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims.

is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Adenauer’s Fourth Ministry, November 14, 1961 - October 16, 1963

  • Konrad Adenauer (CDU) - Chancellor
  • Ludwig Erhard (CDU) - Vice Chancellor and Minister of Economics
  • Gerhard Schröder (CDU) - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Franz Josef Strauß (CSU) - Minister of Defense
  • Hermann Höcherl (CSU) - Minister of the Interior
  • Heinz Starke (FDP) - Minister of Finance
  • Wolfgang Stammberger (FDP) - Minister of Justice
  • Theodor Blank (CDU) - Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Werner Schwarz (CDU) - Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry
  • Hans-Christoph Seebohm (CDU) - Minister of Transport
  • Paul Lücke (CDU) - Minister of Construction
  • Franz-Josef Wuermeling (CDU) - Minister of Family and Youth Affairs
  • Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt (CDU) - Minister of Health
  • Walter Scheel (FDP) - Minister of Economic Cooperation
  • Heinrich Krone (CDU) - Minister of Special Tasks
  • Richard Stücklen (CSU) - Minister of Posts and Communications
  • Wolfgang Mischnick (FDP) - Minister of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims
  • Ernst Lemmer (CDU) - Minister of All-German Affairs
  • Hans-Joachim von Merkatz (CDU) - Minister of Bundesrat and State Affairs
  • Siegfried Balke (CSU) - Minister of Nuclear Energy and Water
  • Hans Lenz (FDP) - Minister of Federal Treasure

Changes is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. ... Gerhard Schröder (September 11, 1910 - December 31, 1989) was a West German politician and member of the Christian Democratic Union (Germany) party. ... Dr h. ... Hermann Höcherl (March 31, 1912–May 18, 1989) was a German politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU). ... Theodor Blank (born September 19, 1905 in Elz an der Lahn; died May 14, 1972 in Bonn) was a German politician of the CDU. He was one of the founders of the CDU in 1945, when World War II had ended. ... Hans-Christoph Seebohm (b. ... Walter Scheel (born July 8, 1919) is a German politician (FDP). ... Heinrich Krone (born December 1, 1895 in Hessisch Oldendorf, d. ... Richard Stücklen (20 August 1916 - 2 May 2002) was a German politician of the CSU. From 1957 to 1966, he served as Federal Minister for Post and Communication and from 1979 to 1983 as President of the Bundestag, of which he was a member for over 40 years. ... Siegfried Balke (born on June 1, 1902 in Bochum, died on June 11, 1984 in Munich) was a German politician (CSU). ...

  • November 19, 1962 Ewald Bucher (FDP) succeeds Stammberger as Minister of Justice. Werner Dollinger (CSU) succeeds Lenz as Minister of Federal Treasure.
  • December 14, 1962 - Rolf Dahlgrün (FDP) succeeds Starke as Minister of Finance. Bruno Heck (CDU) succeeds Wuermeling as Minister of Family and Youth Affairs. Hans Lenz (FDP) enters the ministry as Minister of Scientific Research. Rainer Barzel (CDU) succeeds Lemmer as Minister of All-German Affairs. Alois Niederalt (CSU) succeeds Merkatz as Minister of Bundesrat and State Affairs. The Ministry of Nuclear Energy and Water is abolished, and Balke leaves the cabinet.
  • January 9, 1963 - Kai-Uwe von Hassel (CDU) succeeds Strauss as Minister of Defense.

is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ewald Bucher (born 19 July 1914 in Rottenburg/Neckar; died 4 November 1991 in Mutlangen) was a former German Politician of the FDP. He received a juris doctorate from the University of Munich in 1941 and served then as a soldier in World War II from 1941 to 1944. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rolf Dahlgrün (19 May 1908, Hannover – 19 December 1969, Hamburg-Harburg) was a German politician for the FDP. From 1962 to 1966 he was Minister of Finance. ... Rainer Candidus Barzel (born June 20, 1924 in Braunsberg, East Prussia)) is a German CDU Politician. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Kai-Uwe von Hassel (b. ...

References

  1. ^ Interview with H. Sietz, investigator (German)
  2. ^ Background history of assassination attempt (German)
  3. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/germany/article/0,,1797768,00.html

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Konrad Adenauer
Preceded by
Queen Elizabeth II
Time's Man of the Year
1953
Succeeded by
John Dulles
Political offices
Preceded by
Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk
(as Reichskanzler)
Chancellor of Germany
1949–1963
Succeeded by
Ludwig Erhard
Preceded by
Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk
Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs
1951–1955
Succeeded by
Heinrich von Brentano di Tremezzo
Persondata
NAME Adenauer, Konrad
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Konrad Hermann Josef Adenauer
SHORT DESCRIPTION Chancellor of Germany
DATE OF BIRTH January 5, 1876(1876-01-05)
PLACE OF BIRTH Cologne, Germany
DATE OF DEATH April 19, 1967
PLACE OF DEATH Bad Honnef

 
 

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