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Encyclopedia > Koninklijke Marechaussee

The Koninklijke Marechaussee (KMar) (Royal Constabulary in English) is one of the four military bodies of the Netherlands. It is a gendarmerie — that is, a military body serving peacetime duties of a normal police force. A gendarmerie (French) is a military body charged with general police duties. ...



The Corps de Marechaussée was created on October 26, 1814 by king William I as a replacement of the French Gendarmerie. The word gendarmerie had gained a negative connotation, so William called the new force "marechaussée" (maréchaussée is an alternate French name for the Gendarmerie). At that time, the marechaussee was a part of the army (landmacht). The marechaussee was tasked with police duties for the army, as well as civilian police work as a part of the national police (rijkspolitie). The marechaussee would form the only police force in many small cities like Venlo, especially in the southern provinces of Limburg and North Brabant. October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... King William I of the Netherlands was born as Willem Frederik on 25 August 1772 in The Hague, and died 1843 in Berlin, Germany. ... Gendarmes guarding the Paris Hall of Justice Gendarmerie motorcyclists police the roads and autoroutes of rural France. ... Venlo is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Limburg is the southern-most of the twelve provinces of the Netherlands, located in the south-east of the country. ... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ...

In 1908 Queen Wilhelmina appointed the task of guarding the royal palaces to the marechaussee, a task which had previously been done by gardeners. To this day, guarding a palace is called "klompendienst" (wooden shoe service). 1908 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Wilhelmina Helena Pauline of Orange-Nassau (August 31, 1880 – November 28, 1962) was Queen of the Netherlands from 1890 to 1948 and Queen Mother (with the title of Princess) from 1948 to 1962. ... The Wooden Shoe The Wooden Shoe, sometimes referred to simply as The Shoe, is a bookstore in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...

On July 5th, 1940 the German occupation government merged the marechaussee with the rijksveldwacht and the gemeenteveldwacht. This meant that the marechaussee lost its military status and the predicate Royal. These changes did not apply to the marechaussee outside the occupied territory. About 200 marechaussees took care of the protection of the royal family, the Dutch government and provided police services to the Princess Irene Brigade, a brigade formed in the United Kingdom, consisting of Dutchmen. July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Royal Netherlands Motorized Infantry Brigade was initially formed from approximately 1500 Dutch troops, including a small group guarding German POWs, who arrived in the UK in May 1940 following the collapse of the Netherlands. ...

After the Second World War the marechaussee was divided into a Korps Rijkspolitie (National Police Corps) (as a replacement of the rijksveldwacht and the gemeenteveldwacht) and the Koninklijke Marechaussee, which regained its military status. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...

On July 3rd, 1956 Princess Beatrix was made patroness of the Koninklijke Marechaussee. July 3rd is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 1956 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Beatrix of The Netherlands reads her countrys Speech from the Throne. ...

In 1994 the National and Municipal police forces merged into the present 25 regional police forces and the Korps Landelijke Politiediensten (Corps National Police Services). The National Police transferred its Schiphol police and security tasks to the marechaussee. 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs) at Schiphol Airport Schiphol (municipality Haarlemmermeer) is the Netherlands main airport. ...

In 1998 the marechaussee was made independent of the army. 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


The emblem of the Koninklijke Marechaussee is, as with many other gendarmerie forces, an exploding grenade. In the 17th century a new weapon was introduced in Europe: the hand grenade. These were balls of glass or metal, filled with gun powder. They were lit with a fuse. Throwing a grenade was very dangerous. The soldiers who did this job, were called grenadiers. They had to be more courageous, but also were paid a bit more. In this way, the grenadiers became the elite forces of all European armies. As a sign of their elite status, they wore brass emblems showing an exploding (or flaming) grenade on their uniforms. This sign soon became the symbol for every military elite unit. The flaming grenade (but in this case within an eight-pointed star) was also the emblem of the Rijkspolitie. The word grenade can mean:- The well-known hand grenade commonly used by soldiers. ... A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... A WWII-era pineapple fragmentation hand grenade A hand grenade is a hand-held bomb designed to be thrown by hand. ... In sociology as in general usage, the élite (the elect, from French) is a relatively small dominant group within a larger society, which enjoys a privileged status which is upheld by individuals of lower social status within the structure of a group. ... Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. ...

Present KMar

The present marechaussee is a police organisation with a military status, under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Defense, but mostly works for the Ministries of Justice and Domestic Affairs. Tasks of the KM are: In law, jurisdiction refers to the aspect of a any unique legal authority as being localized within boundaries. ...

Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs) at Schiphol Airport Schiphol (IATA: AMS, ICAO: EHAM) (municipality Haarlemmermeer) is the Netherlands main airport. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... Prime Minister of the Netherlands Dr. Jan Peter Balkenende   listen? (* May 7, 1956) is Prime Minister of The Netherlands since July 22, 2002. ... An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is a military vehicle, equipped with protection against hostile attacks and often mounted weapons. ... Riot policemen from a Sheriff department in the United States. ...

See also

A gendarmerie (French) is a military body charged with general police duties. ...

External link

  • Official Marechaussee website (in Dutch)

  Results from FactBites:
Dutch Military Police (1739 words)
The word Koninklijke is of Saxon origin and Marechaussee seems to derive from an old French name given to an ancient court of justice in Paris, 1370, called the "Tribunal of Constables and Marshals of France".
During 1978 the organic strength of the Koninklijke Marechaussee was approximately 110 officers, 1400 NCO's and 1600 marechaussee.
Marechaussee personnel attached to Department of Defence and HQ's of Inspector-General RNLA, C-i-C's of Army and Air Force, Director of materiel RNLA, Military Mission to Surinam, Depot for Discipline and to several Netherlands Embassies.
KMAR Algemeen (766 words)
Deze conclusie trekt de onafhankelijke Commissie Toezicht Uitzettingen Koninklijke Marechaussee in een onderzoek, dat vanmorgen aan de Tweede Kamer is aangeboden.
Aanleiding voor het onderzoek was het tweeluik Inpakken en Wegwezen dat het actualiteitenprogramma Netwerk oktober vorig jaar uitzond.
28-08: Marechaussee houdt zich aan regels bij uitzettingen
  More results at FactBites »



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