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Encyclopedia > Kon Tiki
The Kon-Tiki raft is shown on the cover of the DVD of the documentary.
The Kon-Tiki raft is shown on the cover of the DVD of the documentary.

Kon-Tiki was the name given to a raft by Norwegian explorer and writer Thor Heyerdahl in his 1947 expedition. It was named after the Inca sun god, Viracocha, for whom "Kon-Tiki" was said to be an old name. Kon-Tiki is also the name of the popular book which Heyerdahl wrote about his adventures. Image File history File links Kon Tiki DVD cover from Amazon. ... Image File history File links Kon Tiki DVD cover from Amazon. ... Thor Heyerdahl (October 6, 1914 in Larvik, Norway–April 18, 2002 in Colla Micheri, Italy) was (originally) a Norwegian marine biologist with a great interest in anthropology, who became famous for his Kon-Tiki Expedition in which he sailed by raft 4,300 miles from South America to the Tuamotu... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... For other meanings of Inca, see Inca (disambiguation). ... A solar deity is a deity who represents the Sun. ... In Inca mythology, Can Tici Viracocha (Kun Tiqsi Wiraqucha in Quechua) was the creator of civilization, and one of the most important deities in the Inca canon. ... Look up book in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A book is a collection of leaves of paper, parchment or other material, bound together along one edge within covers. ...


Heyerdahl believed that people from South America could have settled Polynesia in the south Pacific in Pre-Columbian times. His aim in mounting the Kon-Tiki expedition was to show, by using only the materials and technologies available to them at the time, that there were no technical reasons to prevent them from having done so. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Polynesia is generally defined as the islands within the triangle Polynesia (from Greek, poly = many and nesos = island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... The term Pre-Columbian is used to refer to the cultures of the New World in the era before significant European influence. ...


Heyerdahl and a small team went to Peru, where they used trees and other native materials to construct a balsawood raft said to be of native style. Accompanied by five companions, Heyerdahl sailed it for 101 days over 4,300 miles across the Pacific Ocean before smashing into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands on August 7, 1947. They had modern equipment such as radio and military expedition food, but found they could live off the fruits of the ocean, as the raft attracted lots of marine life. Binomial name Ochroma lagopus Balsa (Ochroma lagopus, synonym ) is a large, fast-growing tree to 30 m tall, native from tropical South America north to southern Mexico. ... A reef surrounding an islet. ... Categories: Stub | Polynesia ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The medium-length book Kon-Tiki was a best-seller, and a documentary motion picture of the expedition won an Academy Award in 1951. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... The Academy Award for Documentary Feature is one of the most prestigious awards for documentary films. ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


A replica of Kon-Tiki is now on display in the Kon-Tiki Museum in Oslo. County Oslo NO-03 Landscape Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ...

Contents


Crew

The Kon-Tiki was crewed by six men, all Norwegian except for Bengt Danielsson, who was from Sweden.

  • Thor Heyerdahl was the expedition leader.
  • Erik Hesselberg was the navigator and artist. He painted the large Kon-Tiki figure on the raft's sail.
  • Bengt Danielsson took on the role of steward, in charge of supplies and daily rations. Danielsson was a sociologist interested in human migration theory. He also served as translator, as he was the only member of the crew who spoke Spanish.
  • Torstein Raaby was also in charge of radio transmissions. He gained radio experience while hiding behind German lines during WWII, spying on the German battleship Tirpitz. His secret radio transmissions eventually helped guide in British bombers to sink the ship.
  • Herman Watzinger was an engineer whose area of expertise was in technical measurements. He recorded meteorological and hydrographical data while underway.

Human migration denotes any movement of groups of people from one locality to another. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... The Norwegian heavy water sabotage were a series of actions taken by Norwegian saboteurs during World War II to prevent the Germans from acquiring heavy water which could be used to produce nuclear weapons. ... Tirpitz was a battleship of the German Kriegsmarine, a sister ship to the German battleship Bismarck, and named for Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz. ...

Anthropology

While this was an interesting experiment that demonstrated the seaworthiness of Heyerdahl's raft, his theory of the Polynesians' origins is now widely discounted by anthropologists. Physical and cultural evidence had long suggested that Polynesia was settled from west to east, migration having begun from the Asian mainland, not South America. In the late 1990s, genetic testing found that the mitochondrial DNA of the Polynesians is more similar to people from southeast Asia than to people from South America, showing that their ancestors most likely came from Asia. The Kon-Tiki adventure is often cited as a classic of pseudoarchaeology, although its daring and inventive nature is still widely acclaimed. Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος = human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... World map showing location of Asia Asia is the central and eastern part of the continent of Eurasia, defined by subtracting the European peninsula from Eurasia. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but otherwise retaining the same mindset. ... Genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ= give birth) is the science of genes, heredity, and the variation of organisms. ... Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA, or less popularly, mDNA) is DNA which is not located in the nucleus of the cell but in the mitochondria. ... Pseudoarchaeology is an aspect of pseudohistory. ...


However, it should be noted that Thor Heyerdahl never set out to prove that the current Polynesians were descended from South America. According to some Polynesian legends, Polynesia was originally inhabited by two peoples, the so-called long-eared and the short-eared. In a bloody war, all the long-eared peoples were eliminated and the short-eared people assumed sole control of Polynesia. Heyerdahl asserted that these extinct people were the ones who could have settled Polynesia from the Americas, not the current, short-eared inhabitants. Thor Heyerdahl (October 6, 1914 in Larvik, Norway–April 18, 2002 in Colla Micheri, Italy) was (originally) a Norwegian marine biologist with a great interest in anthropology, who became famous for his Kon-Tiki Expedition in which he sailed by raft 4,300 miles from South America to the Tuamotu...


Popular culture

It was parodied in an episode of Tiny Toon Adventures called Kon-Ducki. It featured Plucky Duck as Pluck Heyerdahl, Hampton J. Pig as his assistant Koom-bye-ah, and Sweetie Pie. Pluck attempts to prove that he is able to, like his ancestors from the 1970s, sail on a raft apparently filled with ABBA 8-Tracks and Screaming Yellow Zonkers and make it to Salinas. Buster Bunny in the Tiny Toons logo. ... From the Warner Bros. ... Hamton J. Pig is a fictional character from the Warner Bros. ... Sweetie Pie is a female pink canary from the Tiny Toons animated series (voiced by Candi Milo), a close mirror to Tweety except she was more obviously mischievous. ... This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ... Children successfully test their raft, in Brixham harbour, south Devon, England. ... ABBA (from left to right: Björn, Agnetha, Frida, and Benny) during the making of the music video for the song Eagle. ... The 8-track cartridge is a now-obsolete audio storage magnetic tape cartridge technology, popular during the 1960s and 1970s. ... Salinas is a Portuguese and Spanish word meaning saltworks, salt mines or salt pans. ...


External links

References

  • Heyerdahl, Thor (1950). Kon-Tiki. Rand McNally & Company.

 
 

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