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Encyclopedia > Kolomyia

Kolomyia (Ukrainian: Коломия, Polish: Kołomyja, Russian: Коломыя, German: Kolomea) is a town and a raion (district) centre in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province) in Ukraine, at the Prut River. It is located at 48°31′50″N, 025°02′25″E, almost halfways between Lviv and Chernivtsi, in the centre of the historical region of Pokuttya, with which it shares much of its history. See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (Івано-Франківська область, Ivano-Frankivs’ka oblast’ or Івано-Франківщина, Ivano-Frankivshchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast of Ukraine. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Length 953  km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge -  m³/s Area watershed 27,500  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Danube Basin countries Ukraine, Romania, Moldova The Prut, or Pruth river (Ukrainian: Прут) is 953 km long, originating in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and flowing southeast to join the Danube... Lviv (Ukrainian: Львів, L’viv ; Polish: Lwów; Russian: Львов, Lvov; German: Lemberg; Yiddish: לעמבערג; Latin: Leopolis; see also Cities alternative names) is a city in western Ukraine, the capital city of the Lviv Oblast (province) and one of the main cultural centres of Ukraine. ... Chernivtsi (Ukrainian: ; Romanian: CernăuÅ£i; German: Czernowitz or Tschernowitz; Polish: Czerniowce; Hungarian: Csernovic; Yiddish: Tshernovits; Russian: , Chernovtsy) is a city in Northern Bukovina, Ukraine, capital of the Chernivtsi Oblast. ... Pokuttya or Pokuttia (Ukrainian: , Romanian: , Polish: ) is a historical area of Central Europe, between upper Prut and Cheremosh rivers, in modern Ukraine. ...


The town has circa 68,000 inhabitants (as of 1993). It is a notable railroad hub, as well as an industrial centre (textiles, shoes, metallurgical plant, machine works, wood and paper industry). It is also one of centres of Hutsul culture. 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Hutsuls or Huculs (Ukrainian: Гуцули, singular Гуцул) are a group of Ukrainian highlanders, considered a subgroup of Rusyns by some references. ...

Contents


History

Early history

The settlement of Kolomyia was first mentioned in 1241, during the Mongol invasion of Rus. Initially part of Kievan Rus', it later belonged to one of its successor states, the principality of Halych-Volhynia. In 1340 it was annexed to Poland by king Casimir the Great, together with the rest of the region of Red Ruthenia. In short time the settlement became one of the most notable centres of commerce in the area. Because of that, the population rose rapidly. Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ... The Mongol Invasion of Rus was an invasion of the medieval state of Kievan Rus by a large army of nomadic Mongols, starting in 1223. ... Map of the the extent of Kievan Rus through the 11th century. ... The succession of states theory asserts that all possessions and territory held by a state are automatically transferred to the successor state, the state which succeeds it. ... Halych-Volhynia, or Halych-Volodymyr, was a large state in Ruthenia (Rus ) which existed in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... Events Europe has about 74 million inhabitants. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III or the Great (Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland , son of Władyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga. ... Red Ruthenia (Old Slavonic, Russian and Ukrainian: Chervona Rus, Polish: RuÅ› Czerwona, Latin: Ruthenia Rubra or Russia Rubra) is the name used since the medieval times to refer to the area known as Eastern Galicia prior to World War I. // History Originally it was related to a certain territory between...


Prior to 1353 there were two parishes in the settlement, one for Catholics and the other for Orthodox. In 1412 king Władysław Jagiełło erected a Dominican order monastery and a stone-built church there. About the same time, the king was forced by the war with the Teutonic Order to pawn the area of Pokucie to the hospodar of Wallachia, Alexander. Although the city remained under Polish sovereignty, the income of the customs offices in the area was given to Wallachians, after which time the debt was repaid. Events The Decameron was finished by Giovanni Boccaccio. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... The Vladimir Icon, one of the most venerated of Orthodox Christian icons of the Virgin Mary. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan. ... Wladislaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus II Jagiello (Polish WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o, Lithuanian Jogaila, Belarusian Jahajla (Ягайла)) (c. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare Saint Dominic de Guzman saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities, but... The Tikse monastery in Ladakh, India A monastery is the habitation of monks, derived from the Greek word for a hermits cell. ... Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. ... See: Look up Pawn in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Pawn (chess) for the piece used in the board game chess. ... Hospodar is a term of Slavonic origin, meaning lord (Russ. ... Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ...


Development

In 1424 the town's city rights were confirmed and it was granted with the Magdeburg Law, which allowed the burghers for a limited self-governance. This move made the development of the area faster and Kołomyja, as it was called back then, attracted many settlers from many parts of Europe. Apart from the local Ruthenians and Poles, many Armenians, Jews and Hungarians settled there. In 1443, a year before his death, king Wladislaus II of Poland granted the city with yet another privilege which allowed the burghers to trade with salt, one of the most precious minerals of the Middle Ages. Events August 17 - Battle of Verneuil - An English force under John, Duke of Bedford defeats a larger French army under the Duke of Alençon, John Stuart, and Earl Archibald of Douglas. ... Town privileges was an important feature of European towns during most of the 2nd millenium. ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were the laws of the Imperial Free City of Magdeburg during many centuries of the Holy Roman Empire, and possibly the most important set of Germanic medieval city laws. ... Ruthenians is a name that has been applied to different ethnic groups at different times; for an explanation of the reasons for this, see Ruthenia. ... Events Albanians, under Skanderbeg, defeat the Turks John Hunyadi defeats Turks at the Battle of Nis Vlad II Dracul begins his second term as ruler of Wallachia, succeeding Basarab II. Births January 27 - Albert, Duke of Saxony (died 1500) February 23 - Matthias Corvinus of Hungary (died 1490) May 17 - Edmund... Wladislaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Jagello redirects here. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) In chemistry, a salt is any ionic compound composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


Since the castle gradually fell into dismay, in 1448 king Casimir IV of Poland gave the castle on the hill above the town to Maria, widow of Eliah, voivod of Moldavia as a dowry. In exchange, she refurbished the castle and reinforced it. In 1456 the town was granted with yet another privilege. This time the king allowed the town authorities to stop all merchants passing by the town and force them to sell their goods at the local market. This gave the town additional boost, especially that the region was one of three salt-producing areas in Poland (the other two being Wieliczka and Bochnia, both not far from Kraków. Events January 5/ 6 - Christopher of Bavaria, Norway and Sweden dies with no designated heir leaving all three kingdoms with vacant thrones. ... Reign From 1446 until June 7, 1492 Coronation On June 25, 1447 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents WÅ‚adyslaw II JagieÅ‚Å‚o Zofia HolszaÅ„ska Consorts Elżbieta Rakuszanka (1438-1505) Children with Elżbieta Rakuszanka WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw II JagielloÅ„czyk Jadwiga Jagiellonka... Moldavia (Moldova in Romanian) was a Romanian principality, originally created in the Middle Ages, now divided between Romania, Moldovan Republic and Ukraine. ... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada Miejska w Wieliczce Mayor Józef Duda Area 13,4 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 18 190 - 1357/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 49°59 N 20°03 E Area code +48 12 Car plates KWI Twin towns - Municipal Website Wieliczka is... Bochnia is a town in south-eastern Poland with 30,000 inhabitants (2001), situated in the Lesser Poland Voivodship but previously in the Tarnow Voivodship (1975-1998). ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ...


The area was relatively peaceful for the next century. However, the vacuum after the decline of the Golden Horde started to be filled with yet another power in the area: the Ottoman Empire. In 1485 sultan Beyazid II captured Belgorod and Kilia, two ports at the northern shores of the Black Sea. This became a direct threat to Moldavia. In search of allies, its ruler Ştefan cel Mare came to Kołomyja and paid hommage to the Polish king, thus becoming a vassal of the Polish Crown. For the ceremony, both monarch came with roughly 20 thousand of knights, which was probably the biggest festivity held in the town - ever. After the festivity most knights returned home apart from 3000 under Jan Karnkowski, who were given to the Moldavian prince as support in his battles he won in the end. This article refers to the medieval Turkic state. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Sogut (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty... // Events August 5-7 - First outbreak of sweating sickness in England begins August 22 - Battle of Bosworth Field is fought between the armies of King Richard III of England and rival claimant to the throne of England Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Sultan Beyazid II Beyazid II (1447/48 – May 26, 1512) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. ... Belgorod (Бе́лгород) is a city in Western Russia, situated on the Seversky Donets river just 40 km north from the Ukrainian border, at 50°37′N 36°35′E Its population is 450,000 (2004). ... Kilia or Kiliya (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Romanian: Chilia) is a town in south-western Ukraine, located in the Danube Delta in Odessa Oblast (province). ... Map of the Black Sea. ... Moldavia (Moldova in Romanian) was a Romanian principality, originally created in the Middle Ages, now divided between Romania, Moldovan Republic and Ukraine. ... Stephan the Great (Romanian icon) Åžtefan cel Mare (Stephen the Great or St. ... A vassal or liege, in the terminology that both preceded and accompanied the feudalism of medieval Europe, is one who enters into mutual obligations with a lord, usually of military support and mutual protection, in exchange for certain guarantees, which came to include the terrain held as a fief. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Decline

However, with the death of Stefan of Moldova, the neighbouring state started to experience both internal and external pressure from the Turks. In the effect of border skirmishes, as well as natural disasters, the town was struck by fires in 1502, 1505, 1513 and 1520. In 1530, one of Stefan's successors, Ştefăniţă, invaded Poland. Most of Pokucie was captured and looted, including Kołomyja. The following year hetman Jan Tarnowski recaptured the town and beaten the Moldavians in the Battle of Obertyn. This victory secured the city's existence for the following years, but the Ottoman power grew and Poland's southern border remained insecure. In 1589, the Turks crossed the border and seized Kołomyja almost immediately. All the burghers to take part in the defence were slaughtered while the rest were forced to pay high indemnities. Stephen the Great (Romanian icon) Stephen III of Moldavia, also called Stephen MuÅŸat III (BorzeÅŸti, 1433 – Suceava, 1504-07-02) was a voivod (prince) of Moldova (1457-1504), who won renown in Europe for his long resistance against the Ottoman Empire. ... Pokucie is a historical area of Central Europe, between upper Prut and Cheremosh rivers, in modern Ukraine. ... Hetman (from Czech: hejtman, German: Hauptmann, Old Slavonic vatamman, Turkish: Ataman) was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1569 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Noble Family Tarnowski Coat of Arms Leliwa Parents Jan Amor Tarnowski Barbara Zawisza z Różnowa Consorts Barbara Tęczyńska Zofia Szydłowiecka Children with Barbara Tęczyńska Jan Aleksander Tarnowski Jan Amor Tarnowski with Zofia Szydłowiecka Zofia Tarnowska Jan Krzysztof Tarnowski Date of Birth 1488 Place of Birth Tarnów, Poland Date of Death... The Battle of Obertyn (September 22, 1531) was fought between Moldavian Prince Petru RareÅŸ and the Polish King Zygmunt Stary, in the town of Obertyn, north of the Dniester River, now in Ukraine. ...


The town was returned to Poland soon afterwards, but the city's growth lost its momentum. In 1620, another Polono-Turkish war broke out. After the Polish defeat at Cecora, Kołomyja was yet again seized by the Turks - this time the town was burnt to the ground while all of the burghers were enslaved in a yasir. After the war the area yet again returned to Poland. With the town in ruins, the starosta of Kamieniec Podolski fortress financed its reconstruction - slightly further away from the Prut River. The town was rebuilt, but it never regained its power and remained one of many similar-scaled centres in the area. Battle of Cecora Conflict Polish-Ottoman Wars Date 17 September-7 October 1620 Place near Cecora and Prut river, Moldova Result Polish defeat Battle of Cecora (also known as Battle of Tutora) was battle between Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Ottomans forces (Turks and Tatars) from 17 September 1620 to... The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (or The Republic of the Two Nations, Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów in Polish; Belarusian: Рэч Паспалі́тая) was a federal monarchy-republic formed by the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, between 1569 and 1795. ... ...


Recovery

In the effect of the Partitions of Poland of 1772, Kołomyja was annexed by Austria. However, as it provided very little profit, it was sold to the castellan of Bełz, Ewaryst Kuropatnicki, who became the town's owner. The magnate financed a new Our Lady's Church, but he lacked finance for speeding-up the city's growth. The prosperity returned to the town in mid-19th century, when it was linked to the world through the Lemberg-Czernowitz railroad. By 1882 the city had almost 24.000 inhabitants, including roughly 12.000 Jews, 6.000 Ruthenians and 4.000 Poles. Until the end of that century, the commerce attracted even more inhabitants from all-over the Galicia. Moreover, a new Jesuit Catholic church was built in Kolomyja, as it was called by German authorities, along with a Lutheran church built in 1874. By 1901 the number of inhabitants grew to 34.188, approximately half of them Jews. The Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, commonly known as the Partitions of Poland (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Padalijimas) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A castellan was the governor or caretaker of a castle or keep. ... Belz (Ukrainian Белз, Polish BeÅ‚z, Yiddish בעלז) is a small town in western Ukraine, near the border with Poland. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lviv ( Львів in Ukrainian; Львов, Lvov in Russian; Lwów in Polish; Leopolis in Latin; Lemberg in German—see also cities alternative names) is a city in western Ukraine with 830,000 inhabitants (an additional 200,000 commute daily from suburbs). ... Chernivtsi (Чернівці, Romanian: Cernăuţi, German: Czernowitz, Polish: Czerniowce, Hungarian: Csernovic, Yiddish: Chernovits) is a city in Northern Bukovina, Ukraine. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that Galicia and Ludomaria be merged into this article or section. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


20th century

After the outbreak of the Great War, the town saw fierce fights between the forces of Russian Empire and Austria-Hungary. In the effect of the collapse of Austria-Hungary, both the town itself and the surrounding region became disputed between renascent Poland and Western Ukrainian National Republic. However, during the Polish-Ukrainian War of 1919, it was seized without the fight by forces of Romania and handed over to Polish authorities. After the Polish-Soviet War it remained in Poland as a capital of a powiat within the Stanisławów Voivodship. By 1931 the number of inhabitants grew to over 41,000 inhabitants. The ethnic mixture was composed of Jews, Poles, Ukrainians, Hutsuls, Germans, Armenians and Hungarians, as well as of descendants of Valachians and other nationalities of former Austria-Hungary. With the development of infrastructure, the town became a major railroad hub, as well as the garrison city of the Hutsul Rifle Regiment, probably the only purely-Hutsul military unit in history. Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Casualties 5 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) 3 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) World War I, also known as the First World... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... The West Ukrainian National Republic (Західно Українська Народна Республика, Zakhidno Ukrayinska Narodna Respublyka or ЗУНР, ZUNR) was a short-lived republic that existed in late 1918 and early 1919 in eastern Galicia, Bukovina and Transcarpathia and included the cities of Lviv, Kolomyya, and Stanislav. ... Orlęta, a 1926 painting by Wojciech Kossak The Polish-Ukrainian War of 1918 and 1919 was a conflict between the forces of Poland and Western-Ukrainian Peoples Republic for the control over the Eastern Galicia after the dissolution of Austria-Hungary. ... Combatants Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Second Polish Republic Commanders Mikhail Tukhachevsky Józef PiÅ‚sudski Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Strength 800,000 738,000 Casualties 30,337 dead 51,374 missing 113,510 wounded Unknown, dead estimated at 60,000 {{{notes}}} The Polish-Soviet War was the war (February... A powiat (pronounced povyat; plural, powiaty) is the Polish third-level unit of administration, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (NUTS-3) in some countries. ... StanisÅ‚awów Voivodship StanisÅ‚awów Voivodship was a voivodship of Poland 1920-1939 Capital: StanisÅ‚awów Main cities: Area: 16,900 km² Population: Totals 1,480,285 Poles 332,175 (22. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...


After the outbreak of the World War II of 1939 the town was thought of as one of the centres of Polish defence of the so-called Romanian Bridgehead. However, the Soviet invasion from the east made these plans obsolete and the town was captured by the Red Army. In the effect of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the town was attached by the Soviet Union to the Ukrainian SSR. In 1940 most of the local Poles were arrested by the NKVD and sent to Gulag system or to various Soviet prisons. In 1941, the town was seized by Nazi Germany. During the German occupation most of city's Jews were murdered by the Germans. Initial street executions of September and October of 1941 took the lives of approximately 500 people. The following year the remaining Jews were massed in a local ghetto and then murdered in various concentration camps, mostly in Bełżec. Several hundred Jews were kept as slave workers in a work camp and then murdered in 1943 in a forest near Szeparowka. Polish September Campaign Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign — also known as Polish-German War of 1939, in Poland often as Wojna obronna 1939 roku (Defensive War of 1939), in Germany as Polish Campaign... The Romanian Bridgehead (Polish Przedmoście rumuńskie) was an area in South-Eastern Poland, nowadays located in Ukraine. ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Hitler-Stalin Pact or Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact or Nazi-Soviet Pact and formally known as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was in theory a non-aggression treaty between the German Third Reich and the... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... The NKVD (Narodnyi Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del (help· info))(Russian: НКВД, Народный комиссариат внутренних дел) or Peoples Commisariat for Internal Affairs was a government department which handled a number of the Soviet Unions affairs of state. ... Gulag (Russian: ГУЛАГ (help· info)) is an acronym for Главное Управление Исправительно—Трудовых Лагерей и колоний, Glavnoye Upravleniye Ispravitelno-trudovykh Lagerey i kolonii, The Chief Directorate [or Administration] of Corrective Labour Camps and Colonies of the NKVD. Anne Applebaum, in her book Gulag: A History, explains: Literally, the word GULAG is an acronym, meaning Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei, or... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The following is a list of German concentration camps during World War II. are marked with pink, while major concentration camps of are marked with blue. ... Belzec was the first of the Nazi German extermination camps created for implementing Operation Reinhard during the Holocaust. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ...


When the Soviet Army drove the Axis forces out, the town with the area was reattached to the Soviet Ukraine and the remaining Poles were expelled to Poland. It now remains a part of Ukraine, independent since 1991. The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... The Axis Powers is a term for the loose alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ...


It is a twin town of Nysa in Poland, to where many of its former inhabitants were expelled after the war. This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the unrelated concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Nysa disambiguation: Nysa was a mythical place in Greek mythology where the young god Dionysus was raised. ...


Kolomyia administrative district

The Kolomyia raion (administrative district), a historic subdivision of Galicia, was divided into the Kolomyia and Gwozdziec sub-districts. It included such towns and shtetles as: See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Galicia was the largest and most populous province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and existed from 1772 to 1918. ... A shtetl or shtetele (Yiddish: , derived from German: , meaning little town/city) was typically a small town or village with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ...

  • Chiebiczyn Lesny
  • Czeremchow
  • Kolomyia
  • Tiunaczyk

Books featuring Kolomyia

  • "Der Don Juan von Kolomea" (Don Juan of Kolomyia), by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch

Book cover for Venus in Furs Leopold Ritter von Sacher-Masoch (January 27, 1836–March 9, 1895), writer and journalist, was born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (now Lviv, Ukraine). ...

Notable people

Emanuel Feuermann (November 22, 1902 in Kolomea, Austrian Galicia - May 25, 1942, NYC) was an Austrian (Galician)-born American cellist. ... Chaim Gross (March 17, 1904 - 1991) was an Austrian born American sculptor. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Motto: Semper fidelis Oblast Lviv Oblast Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 808,900 ? 4786/km² Founded City rights 13th century 1353 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Area code +0322 Car plates  ? Twin towns Corning, Freiburg... Potocki family coat of arms: Pilawa. ... Noble Family Potocki Coat of Arms PiÅ‚awa Parents Andrzej Potocki Zofia Piasecka Consorts Zofia Kalinowska Anna MohyÅ‚a Children with Zofia Kalinowska Andrzej Potocki Feliks Kazimierz Potocki Wiktoria Elżbieta Potocka Anna Potocka Prokop Potocki Date of Birth Abt. ... Noble Family Potocki Coat of Arms PiÅ‚awa Parents Andrzej Potocki Anna RysiÅ„ska Consorts Wiktoria LeszczyÅ„ska Ludwika Mniszek Children with Wiktoria LeszczyÅ„ska Zofia Potocka StanisÅ‚aw Potocki Date of Birth 1673 Place of Birth StanisÅ‚awów Date of Death May 19, 1751 Place of Death Za... Noble Family Potocki Coat of Arms Piława Parents Stanisław Rewera Potocki Zofia Kalinowska Consorts Anna Rysińska Children with Anna Rysińska Katarzyna Potocka Stanisław Potocki Józef Potocki Date of Birth  ? Place of Birth  ? Date of Death 1692 Place of Death  ? Andrzej Potocki (?-1692) was a Polish szlachcic, magnate. ... Noble Family Potocki Coat of Arms PiÅ‚awa Parents Józef Potocki Wiktoria LeszczyÅ„ska Consorts Marianna Łaszcz Helena Zamoyska Children with Marianna Łaszcz Antoni Potocki Anna Elżbieta Potocka with Helena Zamoyska Stanislaw Zamoyski Piotr Potocki Franciszek Ksawery Potocki Wincenty Potocki Wiktoria Potocka Ludwika Potocka Ignacy Potocki MichaÅ‚ Potocki... Noble Family Sieniawski Coat of Arms Leliwa Parents MikoÅ‚aj Sieniawski Katarzyna Kola Consorts Elżbieta RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Hanna ZasÅ‚awska Anna Maciejowska Jadwiga TarÅ‚o Children with Jadwiga TarÅ‚o Adam Hieronim Sieniawski Date of Birth abt. ...

See also

Pokuttya or Pokuttia (Ukrainian: , Romanian: , Polish: ) is a historical area of Central Europe, between upper Prut and Cheremosh rivers, in modern Ukraine. ... The type of the song (rythm) especially popular in the western part of Ukraine. ... Klezmer (from Yiddish כלזמיר, etymologically from Hebrew kli zemer כלי זמר, vessel of song) is a musical tradition which parallels Hasidic and Ashkenazic Judaism. ... Red Ruthenia (Old Slavonic, Russian and Ukrainian: Chervona Rus, Polish: RuÅ› Czerwona, Latin: Ruthenia Rubra or Russia Rubra) is the name used since the medieval times to refer to the area known as Eastern Galicia prior to World War I. // History Originally it was related to a certain territory between... The Ruthenian Voivodship (Polish: Województwo Ruskie) (1366-1772) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland. ...

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Diocese of Kolomyia – Chernivtsi, Ukraine (Ukrainian rite) (94 words)
Coadjutor Bishop of Kolomyia Chernivtsi of the Ukrainians (Ukraine) (2003.05.13 – 2004.12.12)
Bishop of Kolomyia Chernivtsi of the Ukrainians (Ukraine) (2004.12.12 – 2005.06.02)
Bishop of Kolomyia Chernivtsi of the Ukrainians (Ukraine) (1993.04.20 – 2004.12.12)
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Kolomyia (1769 words)
Kolomyia (or better, to suit the Ukrainian spelling, Kolomyya, Коломия, Kołomyja, Коломыя, Kolomea, Colomeea) is a city located on the Prut River in the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast (province), in western Ukraine.
The settlement of Kolomyia was first mentioned in 1241, during the Mongol invasion of Rus.
The Kolomyia raion (administrative district), a historic subdivision of Galicia, was divided into the Kolomyia and Gwozdziec sub-districts.
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