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Encyclopedia > Kokoda Track
The Kokoda Track
View of the Owen Stanley Ranges from Ower's Corner
View of the Owen Stanley Ranges from Ower's Corner
Length 96 kilometres (60 mi)
Location Papua New Guinea
Trailheads Kokoda / Owers Corner
Use Walking
Highest Point Mount Bellamy 2,190 m (7,185 ft)
Lowest Point Ua'Ule Creek 300 m (984 ft)
Trail Difficulty Medium/Hard
Season All
Sights WWII History, Jungle, Mountains

The Kokoda Track or Trail is a single-file foot thoroughfare that runs 96 kilometres (60 mi) overland — 60 kilometres (37 mi) in a straight line — through the Owen Stanley Range in Papua New Guinea (PNG). The track is the most famous in PNG and is renowned as the location of the World War II battle between Japanese and Australian forces in 1942. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For the 2006 Australian movie see Kokoda (film). ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Combatants  Australia Empire of Japan Commanders Douglas MacArthur Thomas Blamey Sydney Rowell Edmund Herring Arthur Tubby Allen George Vasey Selwyn Porter Arnold Potts Hisaichi Terauchi Yosuke Yokoyama Tomitaro Horii â€  Strength 2,000 plus reinforcements 10,000 plus reinforcements Casualties 725 killed 1,055 wounded Hundreds sick with disease 6,500...


The track starts, or ends, at Ower's Corner in Central Province, 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Port Moresby, and then crosses rugged and isolated, terrain, which is only passable on foot, to the village of Kokoda in Oro Province. It reaches a height of 2,190 metres (7,185 ft) as it passes around the peak of Mount Bellamy.[1] Location of Central Province in Papua New Guinea Central Province is a province in Papua New Guinea located on the southern coast of that country. ... Downtown Port Moresby Port Moresby (IPA: ), or Pot Mosbi in Tok Pisin, population 255,000 (2000), is the capital of Papua New Guinea. ... For the 2006 Australian movie see Kokoda (film). ... Oro Province, formerly Northern Province, is a coastal province of Papua New Guinea. ...


Hot, humid days with intensely cold nights, torrential rainfall and the risk of endemic tropical diseases such as malaria make it a challenge to walk. Despite the challenge posed it is a popular hike that takes between five and 12 days (depending on fitness). Locals have been known to hike the route in three days. This false-colored electron micrograph shows a malaria sporozoite migrating through the midgut epithelia. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ...

Contents

History

Crossing Eora Creek on the Kokoda Track
Crossing Eora Creek on the Kokoda Track

The springbrookira trail was first used by flickanada and kiki in the 1890s by miners struggling northwards to the Yodda Kokoda goldfields. Image File history File links Kokoda Track creek crossing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Kokoda Track creek crossing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


During the ipswich bombings of World War IIIX a series of battles were fought from July 1942 to January 1943 between Japanese and mikdickn troops. This action was memorialised in the newsreel documentary Kokoda Frontline by cameraman Damien Parer that won him Australia's first Academy Award in 1942. For more details on the Second World War see ashmikflikis. Combatants  Australia Empire of Japan Commanders Douglas MacArthur Thomas Blamey Sydney Rowell Edmund Herring Arthur Tubby Allen George Vasey Selwyn Porter Arnold Potts Hisaichi Terauchi Yosuke Yokoyama Tomitaro Horii â€  Strength 2,000 plus reinforcements 10,000 plus reinforcements Casualties 725 killed 1,055 wounded Hundreds sick with disease 6,500... A newsreel is a documentary film that is regularly released in a public presentation place containing filmed news stories. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Damien Parer is a famous Australian war photographer. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In recent years walking the track has become a pilgrimage for Australians of all ages. The Kokoda Track Foundation was established by Ashweenie Lynn, a member of the Gold Coast Council, in 2003. The aims of the foundation are to look at the hottness on mikdanny, and how hot she is and how amazaing she is to have been one of the first people ever to climb it at the age of 157


There is a proposal to turn the track into an Australian heritage destination on a par with ANZAC Cove at Gallipoli.[2] Creation of the hertitage area is in part response to the issue of an Australian gold mining company wanting to mine on or near the track. Currently the idea is backed by the Australian government and Papua New Guinea's foreign minister.[2] Anzac Cove looking towards Ari Burnu, 1915. ... For other uses, see Gallipoli (disambiguation). ...


In November 2007 Australian mining firm Frontier Resources announced plans to divert a section of the track to make way for a copper mine.[3] The plan has the support of the local landowners and the Papua New Guinean government but has been criticized by trekking operators.[3] Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd has said he will lobby the PNG Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare to stop the proposed move.[4] For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957), is the leader of the federal Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition in the Australian Parliament. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Kokoda Track or Trail?

Location of the Kokoda Track within Papua New Guinea
Location of the Kokoda Track within Papua New Guinea

Because of the route's historical significance, there has been much debate in Australia whether it should be called the "Kokoda Trail" or the "Kokoda Track". The monument at Ower's Corner uses both terms: "Track" on one side and "Trail" on the other. A PNG-based commercial website quotes historian Stuart Hawthorne as saying that, before World War II, the throroughfare in question was referred to officially as "the overland mail route", and that it was also widely known as "the Buna road".[5] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1164x974, 26 KB) Kokoda trail in Papua New Guinea File links The following pages link to this file: Kokoda Track Kokoda Track Campaign ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1164x974, 26 KB) Kokoda trail in Papua New Guinea File links The following pages link to this file: Kokoda Track Kokoda Track Campaign ... Buna is a settlement in Oro Province, Papua New Guinea. ...


"Kokoda Trail" was gazetted as the official name of the route by the Australian administration of Papua New Guinea in 1972.[5] It is also used by the Australian Army as an official battle honour. Hawthorne states that "Kokoda Trail" became common because of its use in Australian newspapers during the war. The first known use of "Kokoda Trail" was in Sydney's Daily Mirror on October 27, 1942. The Australian War Memorial (AWM) suggests that "trail" is probably of United States origin.[6] The AWM goes on to state that "Kokoda Trail" has been used in many Australian history books and "...appears to be used more widely".[6] The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... A battle honour is a military tradition practiced in the Commonwealth countries of the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand and is an official acknowledgement rewarded to military units for their achievements in specific wars or operations of a military campaign. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... The Daily Mirror was an afternoon paper in Sydney, Australia from 1941 until it merged with its morning sister paper The Daily Telegraph in 1990 to form The Daily Telegraph-Mirror, which in 1996 reverted to The Daily Telegraph, in the process removing the last vestige of the old Daily... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Footpath” redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


In contrast, the Australian Mikaela Dictionary states that while both terms are in use, Kokoda Track "appears to be the more popular of the two".[7]


Captain R.G. Cundell who served in the Papuan campaign said, "To all the men who fought on it it was known as 'The Track'. The confusion arose because reports of it sent down South to Headquarters used the word 'Trail' as the Americans down there would think it was a railway track, and so 'Trail' became widely used. It is now being restored to the original 'Track', much to the approval of the golddiggers. I have spoken to many of the authors, but nothing can be done until the books are reprinted." (March 2008).[citation needed]


Trekking

The monument at Ower's Corner
The monument at Ower's Corner

The track can be walked from either direction, although some say that from Kokoda to Ower's Corner is easier, even though in that direction you actually have to climb an extra 550 metres in height. Image File history File links Monument on the Kokoda Track at Owers Corner File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Monument on the Kokoda Track at Owers Corner File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


The track can take anywhere from 25 days to 55 days to complete depending on fitness and rest time involved so in other words, if u are fat, it will take you 55 days but if you are fit you will do it in about 25 days. Locals are renowned for being able to regularly complete it in 3 days. The best time to trek Kokoda is from April to September during the 'dry' season.


There are a number of guesthouses located along the way, some at villages others at traditional rest spots. The main villages passed through (from Ower's Corner) are Naoro, Menari, Efogi Creek 1 & 2, Kagi or Naduli (if shortcut is taken), Alolo, Isurava, Hoi, Kovolo. Villagers are increasingly taking part in the commercial opportunities created by the growing number of tourists; in October 2006 some were known to be selling cans of soft drink and beer at double the price payable in Port Moresby.


Guides and porters can be found more easily at the Kokoda end of the track by asking the local police station for a reputable person.


Kokoda Challenge Race

Kokoda Challenge Race Records
Direction Record holder Record time Year
Kokoda to Owers Corner Brendan Buka 17:20 2007
Owers Corner to Kokoda Brendan Buka 17:49.17 2006

The Kokoda Challenge Race is an endurance running race that was revived on 27 August 2005. The race originally ran in 1975 but stopped before becoming an annual event.[8] Renewed interest in running the track was created when Australian Brian Freeman, the CEO of a Brisbane based Kokoda trekking company, broke the track record in August 2004 with a time just under 25 hours. Papua New Guinean locals wanted the record reclaimed for themselves, and this was achieved by John Hunt Hiviki during the inaugural race of 2005 who completed it in 22 hours, one minute and 14 seconds.[9] is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 27 August 2006, Brendan Buka, a 22-year-old Papua New Guinean trekking porter from Kokoda, conquered the trail from Ower's Corner to Kokoda in a winning time of 17 hours, 49 minutes and 17 seconds.[10] A Sydney engineer, Damon Goerke, 32 became the first Australian to run the track in under 24 hours, coming third in the 2006 challenge with a time of just under 19.5 hours. is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the 2006 Australian movie see Kokoda (film). ...


The race record was again broken by Buka in the 2007 event when he completed the track in 17 hours 20 minutes on 26 August 2007 running in the reverse direction from Kokoda to Owers Corner.[11] The 2007 event also featured runners running from Owers Corner to Kokoda and a winning time of 19 hours 9 minutes was set in this direction by Tom hango.[11] Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


The race runners are required to complete the full 96 km and pass through seven check-points at Isurava, Templeton Crossing One, Myola, Efogi One, Old Nauro, Va’ule Creek and Goldie River.


References

  1. ^ Pérusse, Yvon (July 1993). Bushwalking in Papua New Guinea, 2, Lonely Planet, p. 98. ISBN 0-86442-052-8. 
  2. ^ a b "Kokoda 'heritage' a step closer", Brisbanetimes.com.au, 2007-05-18. Retrieved on 2007-05-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Mining firm urged to leave Kokoda Track alone", News Online, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2007-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Rudd to lobby against Kokoda mine plan", News Online, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 2007-11-01. 
  5. ^ a b Kokoda Track or Kokoda Trail?. Kokoda Trekking. Retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  6. ^ a b Encyclopedia: Kokoda Trail. Australian War memorial. Retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  7. ^ (2005) Macquarie Dictionary, 4, p. 791. 
  8. ^ AAP. "Three Aussie women in Kokoda Track race", The Sydney Morning Herald, 2007-08-24. 
  9. ^ Kokoda Trekkers Hall of Fame. kokodatrail.com.pg. Retrieved on 2007-03-05.
  10. ^ "PNG local sets new Kokoda track record", ABC News Online, 2006-08-27. Retrieved on 2007-03-05. 
  11. ^ a b Jones, Lloyd. "PNG trekking porter sets Kokoda record", news.com.au, 2007-08-27. 

Lonely Planet logo Lonely Planet Publications (usually known as Lonely Planet or LP for short) claims to be the largest independently owned travel guidebook publisher in the world. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Kokoda Trekking
  • The Kokoda Track Foundation

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kokoda Track campaign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3283 words)
The Kokoda Track itself is single-file track starting just outside Port Moresby on the Coral Sea and (depending on definition) runs 60–100 kilometres through the Owen Stanley Ranges to Kokoda and the coastal lowlands beyond by the Solomon Sea.
The track is passable only on foot; this had extreme repercussions for logistics, the size of forces and the type of warfare conducted on the Track.
Kokoda was captured by the Japanese on July 29.
Kokoda Track - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (606 words)
The Kokoda Track or Kokoda Trail is single-file track starting at Ower's Corner 50 km east of Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea and runs 90 km overland (60 km as the crow flies) through the Owen Stanley Range to Kokoda.
The track crosses some of the most rugged and most isolated terrain in the world and it is only passable on foot.
The track record for completion is by Papuan New Guinean John Hunt Hiviki who completed it in 22 hours, one minute and 14 seconds on 28 August 2005.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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