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Encyclopedia > Kofun era
History of Japan

Paleolithic
Jomon
Yayoi
Yamato period
Kofun period
Asuka period
Nara period
Heian period
Kamakura period
Kemmu restoration
Muromachi period
– North-South Court
Warring States period
Azuchi-Momoyama period
Nanban trade period
Edo period
Late Tokugawa shogunate
Meiji period
Taishō period
Japan in WWI
Shōwa period
Japanese expansionism
Occupied Japan
– Post-Occupation Japan
Heisei
The history of Japan probably started around 100,000 BCE, date when the earliest stone tool implements have been found. ... The Japanese Paleolithic (Japanese: 日本の旧石器時代, Nihon no kyÅ«-sekki-jidai) covers a period from around 100,000 to 30,000 BCE, when the earliest stone tool implements have been found, to around 12,000 BCE, at the end of the last Ice-age, which corresponds to the beginning of the Mesolithic... The Jomon period (Japanese: 縄文時代 Jōmon-jidai) is the time in Japanese history from about 10,000 BC to 300 BC. Most scholars agree that by around 40,000 BC glaciation had connected the islands with the mainland. ... The Yayoi period (Japanese: 弥生時代, Yayoi-jidai) is an era in Japan from 300 BC to AD 250. ... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Yamato period (大和) (better known as the Kofun... The Asuka period is the period in Japanese history occurring from 538 A.D. - 710 A.D. The arrival of Buddhism marked a change in Japanese society and it affected the Yamato government as well. ... The Nara period (Japanese: 奈良時代, Nara-jidai) of the History of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 794. ... The Heian period (Japanese: 平安時代, Heian-jidai) is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. ... The Kamakura period (Japanese: 鎌倉時代, Kamakura-jidai; 1185–1333) is a period of Japanese history that marks the governance of the Kamakura Shogunate; officially established in 1192 by the first Kamakura shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo. ... The Kemmu Restoration (建武の新政; Kemmu no shinsei) was a period of Japanese history that occurred from 1333 to 1336 AD. It marks the three year period between the fall of the Kamakura shogunate and the rise of the Ashikaga shogunate, when Emperor Go-Daigo re-established Imperial control. ... [[ == The Muromachi period (Japanese: 室町時代, Muromachi-jidai, also known as the Muromachi era, the Muromachi bakufu, the Ashikaga era, the Ashikaga period, or the Ashikaga bakufu) is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1336 to 1573. ... The Nanboku-cho (南北朝, lit. ... The Sengoku period (Japanese: 戦国時代, Sengoku-jidai) or Warring States period, is a period of civil war in the history of Japan that spans from the middle 15th to the early 17th centuries. ... The Azuchi-Momoyama period (安土桃山時代) is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1568 to 1600. ... The Nanban Trade Period (Jp:南蛮貿易時代, Lit. ... The Edo period (Japanese: 江戸時代, Edo-jidai), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1600 to 1867. ... The late Tokugawa shogunate or last shogun (幕末; Bakumatsu) is the period between 1853 and 1867 during which Japan ended its isolationist foreign policy called sakoku and modernized from a feudal shogunate to the Meiji government. ... The Meiji period (Japanese: 明治時代, Meiji-jidai) denotes the 45-year reign of the Meiji Emperor, running from 8 September 1868 (in the Gregorian calendar, 23 October 1868) to 30 July 1912. ... The Taishō period (Japanese: 大正時代, Taishō-jidai, period of great righteousness) is a period in the history of Japan dating from 30 July 1912 to 25 December 1926. ... Japan entered World War I in 1914, seizing the opportunity of Germanys distraction with the European War and wanting to expand its sphere of influence in China. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... // Surrender Representatives of Japan stand aboard the USS Missouri prior to signing of the Instrument of Surrender Japan surrendered to the Allies on August 14, 1945, when Emperor Hirohito accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. ... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei Following the end of the Allied occupation in 1952... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period – Kofun period – Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period – Nanban contacts Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period – Japanese expansionism – Occupied Japan – Post-Occupation Japan Heisei Heisei (平成) is the current era name in Japan. ...

Glossary The history of Japans economy is one of the most studied for its spectacular growth, first in the period from the late nineteenth century that saw Japan become a world power and then again after the devastation of the Second World War when the island nation rose to become... The history of education in Japan dates back at least to the sixth century, when Chinese learning was introduced at the Yamato court. ... The military history of Japan, like that of most nations, is characterized by a long and fierce period of feudal wars, followed by a long period of domestic stability. ... The naval history of Japan traces back to early interactions with states on the Asian continent at the beginning of the medieval period, and reached a peak of activity during the 16th and 17th century at a time of cultural exchange with European powers during the Nanban trade period. ... This is the glossary of Japanese history including historical figures, events, places, policies and others. ...

Kofun period (Japanese: 古墳時代, Kofun-jidai) is an era in the history of Japan from around AD 250 to 538. The word kofun is Japanese for the type of burial mounds dating from this era. Centuries: 2nd century - 3rd century - 4th century Decades: 200s - 210s - 220s - 230s - 240s - 250s - 260s - 270s - 280s - 290s - 300s Years: 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 Events Crisis of the Third Century End of Yayoi era and beginning of Kofun period, the first part of the... Events End of the Kofun era and beginning of the Asuka period, the second part of the Yamato period in Japan. ... Burial of Oleg of Novgorod in a tumulus in 912. ...

Contents


Kofun tombs

Daisenryo Kofun,the tomb of Emperor Nintoku,Osaka,5th century.
Daisenryo Kofun,the tomb of Emperor Nintoku,Osaka,5th century.

The Kofun period (c AD 250538) takes its name, which means old tomb (古墳, kofun) from the culture's rich funerary rituals and distinctive earthen mounds. The mounds contained large stone burial chambers. Some are surrounded by moats. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x800, 514 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Emperor Nintoku ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x800, 514 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Emperor Nintoku ... Daisen-Kofun, the tomb of Emperor Nintoku, Osaka Emperor Nintoku (仁徳天皇 Nintoku Tennō) was the 16th imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Osaka Castle Location in Japan Osaka Aquarium (Kaiyukan) Osaka railway station View from Osaka Castle. ... // Overview Events Romulus Augustus, Last Western Roman Emperor Rome sacked by Visigoths in 410. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... Events End of the Kofun era and beginning of the Asuka period, the second part of the Yamato period in Japan. ... Underwater funeral in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea A funeral is a ceremony marking a persons death. ... The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats were deep and wide water-filled trenches, excavated to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ...


Kofun came in many shapes, with round and square being the simplest. A distinct style is the keyhole (zempō kōen) kofun, with its square front and round back. Many kofun were natural hills, which might have been sculpted to their final shape. Kofun range in size from several meters to over 400 meters in length. The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ...


By the late Kofun period, the distinctive burial chambers, originally used by the ruling elite, also were built for commoners.


The biggest kofun are believed to be the tombs of emperors like Emperor Ōjin and Emperor Nintoku. Kofun are also classified according to whether the entrance to the stone burial chamber is vertical (tate-ana) or horizontal (yoko-ana). Emperor ÅŒjin (応神天皇 ÅŒjin Tennō) was the 15th imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Daisen-Kofun, the tomb of Emperor Nintoku, Osaka Emperor Nintoku (仁徳天皇 Nintoku Tennō) was the 16th imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ...




Kofun society

Horse chariots during the Kofun period. Detail of bronze mirror (5th-6th century). Eta-Funayama Tumulus, Kumamoto. Tokyo National Museum.
Horse chariots during the Kofun period. Detail of bronze mirror (5th-6th century). Eta-Funayama Tumulus, Kumamoto. Tokyo National Museum.
A late kofun, earthen covering gone.
A late kofun, earthen covering gone.

During the Kofun period, a highly aristocratic society with militaristic rulers developed. Its cavalry wore armour, carried swords and other weapons, and used advanced military methods like those of north-east Asia. Evidence of these advances is seen in funerary figures (called haniwa; literally, clay rings), found in thousands of kofun scattered throughout Japan. The most important of the haniwa were found in southern Honshu—especially the Kinai region around Nara—and northern Kyushu. Haniwa grave offerings were made in numerous forms, such as horses, chickens, birds, fans, fish, houses, weapons, shields, sunshades, pillows, and male and female humans. Another funerary piece, the magatama, became one of the symbols of the power of the imperial house. Much of the material culture of the Kofun period is barely distinguishable from that of the contemporaneous southern Korean peninsula, demonstrating that at this time Japan was in close political and economic contact with continental Asia (especially with the southern dynasties of China) through Korea. Indeed, bronze mirrors cast from the same mould have been found on both sides of the Straits. Detail of horse charriots during the Kofun period (5th-6th century). ... Detail of horse charriots during the Kofun period (5th-6th century). ... The Tokyo National Museum. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1153, 441 KB) Ishibutai Kofun. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1153, 441 KB) Ishibutai Kofun. ... Militarism expounds that the foundation of a societys security is its military capacity, and claims that the development and maintenance of the military to ensure that capacity is the most important goal for that society. ... Italian cavalry officers practice their horsemanship in 1904 outside Rome. ... Swiss longsword, 15th or 16th century A sword (Old English: sweord; akin to Old High German: swerd, wounding tool; Proto-Indo-European: *swer-, to wound, to hurt) is a long-edged bladed weapon, consisting in its most fundamental design of a blade, usually with two edges for striking and cutting... The Haniwa (埴輪) are funerary figures (literally, clay rings), found in thousands of kofun tombs (3rd-6th century CE) scattered throughout Japan. ... The Haniwa (埴輪) are funerary figures (literally, clay rings), found in thousands of kofun tombs (3rd-6th century CE) scattered throughout Japan. ... todo mal de [ [ Shikoku ] ] a través del [ [ mar interior ] ], y noreste de [ [ Kyushu ] ] a través del [ [ estrecho de Kanmon ] ]. Es la séptima isla más grande, y la segunda isla populosa en el mundo después de [ [ Java (isla)|Java ] ] (véase [ [ lista de las islas de la población ] ]). < style=float del div... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the middle of Japans main island, Honshu. ... Nara Prefecture (奈良県; Nara-ken) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu Island, Japan. ... Kyushu region, Japan Kyushu (九州) is the third largest island of Japan and most southerly and westerly of the four main islands. ... Magatama Magatama(Japanese: 勾玉), are curved beads which first appeared in Japan during the Jomon period. ... In archaeology, culture refers to either of two separate but allied concepts: A material culture comprises physical objects from the past, the study of which is the basis of the discipline. ...

Iron helmet and armour with gilt bronze decoration, Kofun period, 5th century. Tokyo National Museum.
Iron helmet and armour with gilt bronze decoration, Kofun period, 5th century. Tokyo National Museum.

The Kofun period was a critical stage in Japan's evolution toward a more cohesive and recognized state. This society was most developed in the Kinai Region and the easternmost part of the Inland Sea. Japan's rulers of the time even petitioned the Chinese court for confirmation of royal titles. Download high resolution version (605x927, 84 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (605x927, 84 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Tokyo National Museum. ... The Inland Sea and its major straits with the bay of Osaka (dashed) The torii of Itsukushima Shrine is one of the most popular tourist spots of the Inland Sea. ...

Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century, Japan.
Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century, Japan.

The Yamato polity, which emerged by the late 5th century, was distinguished by powerful great clans or extended families, including their dependants. Each clan was headed by a patriarch who performed sacred rites to the clan's kami to ensure the long-term welfare of the clan. Clan members were the aristocracy, and the kingly line that controlled the Yamato court was at its pinnacle. The Kofun period of Japanese culture is also sometimes called the Yamato period by some Western scholars, since this local chieftainship arose to become the Imperial dynasty at the end of the Kofun period. Japanese archaeologists emphasise instead the fact that in the early half of the Kofun period other regional chieftainships, such as Kibi, near modern day Okayama, were in close contention for the crown. Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century, Kofun period, Japan. ... Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century, Kofun period, Japan. ... Tack is any of the various accessories worn by horses in the course of their use as domesticated animals. ... Haniwa horse statuette, complete with saddle and stirrups, 6th century, Kofun period, Japan. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... Polity is a general term that refers to political organization of a group. ... // Overview Events Romulus Augustus, Last Western Roman Emperor Rome sacked by Visigoths in 410. ... Originally a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a pater familias over an extended family. ... Kami (神) is the Japanese word for deity. The word is used to indicate any sort of god, beings of a higher place or belonging to a different sphere of existence. ... Kibi Province (吉備国 -no kuni) was a province of Japan, in the area of Okayama Prefecture and eastern Hiroshima Prefecture. ... Okayama (岡山市; -shi) is the capital city of Okayama Prefecture in the Chugoku region of Japan. ...


See also

Commons
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kofun era

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The history of Japan probably started around 100,000 BCE, date when the earliest stone tool implements have been found. ... Burial of Oleg of Novgorod in a tumulus in 912. ...

References


This period is part of the Yamato period of Japanese History. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress ( USA), freely available for use by researchers. ... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Yamato period (大和) (better known as the Kofun... The history of Japan probably started around 100,000 BCE, date when the earliest stone tool implements have been found. ...


< Yayoi | History of Japan | Asuka period > The Yayoi period (Japanese: 弥生時代, Yayoi-jidai) is an era in Japan from 300 BC to AD 250. ... The history of Japan probably started around 100,000 BCE, date when the earliest stone tool implements have been found. ... The Asuka period is the period in Japanese history occurring from 538 A.D. - 710 A.D. The arrival of Buddhism marked a change in Japanese society and it affected the Yamato government as well. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Japanese history: Jomon, Yayoi, Kofun (464 words)
By the beginning of the Kofun Period (300 - 538), a center of power had developed in the fertile Kinai plain, and by about 400 AD the country was united as Yamato Japan with its political center in and around the province of Yamato (about today's Nara prefecture).
The period's name comes from the large tombs (kofun) that were built for the political leaders of that era.
In 645, Nakatomi no Kamatari started the era of the Fujiwara clan that was to last until the rise of the military class (samurai) in the 11th century.
Kofun (576 words)
Kofun is an era in Japan from around A.D. to A.D. The Kofun period (ca.
By the late Kofun period, the distinctive burial chambers, originally used by the ruling elite, also were built for commoners.
The Kofun period is seen as ending by A.D. 538, when the use of elaborate kofun by the Yamato and other elite fell out of use because of prevailing new Buddhist beliefs, which put greater emphasis on the transience of human life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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