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Encyclopedia > Kochi metropolitan area
Kochi metropolitan area
State Kerala
Districts Ernakulam
Area 400 km²[citation needed]
Population (2001 census) 1,355,406
Density (2001 census) ~3000/km²
Codes
  • Postal
  • Telephone
  • Vehicle
 
682 0xx
+0484,
KL-7, KL-17
Time zone IST (UTC +5:30)

The urban agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (pronunciation?·i; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [Kocci]); formerly known as Cochin) is the largest UA in the Indian state of Kerala. It includes the city of Kochi, one of the principal seaports of the country, the municipalities of North Paravur, Kalamassery, Aluva, Fort Kochi, Angamali and the adjoining villages including Kumbalangi and Maradu. India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a national capital territory. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: േകരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The divisions of a district. ... The skyline of Ernakaulam Ernakulam (Malayalam : എറണാകുളം ) refers to the western part of the mainland of Kochi city in Kerala, India. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... Kochi ( ; Malayalam: []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... This article is about a town in Ernakulam district. ... Kalamaserry is a municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , Aluva (Alwaye ആലുവ) is a city and a municipality in Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Angamaly (Malayalam: ) is a rapidly growing town in Ernakulam district of Kerala, south India, famous as the intersection of Main central road and National Highway 47. ... Kumbalangi is a town in Kerala, India. ...


Kochi UA is in the district of Ernakulam, about 220 km north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. As of 2005, the UA has an estimated population of around 1.5 million, making it the largest urban agglomeration in Kerala. , Thiruvananthapuram   (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം TiruvanÅ­ntapuraṁ), formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. ...

Contents

Name

Cheena vala (Chinese fishing nets). Kochi is the only place outside of China where these fishing structures are used.

Theories regarding the etymology of the name "Kochi" are disputed.[1] One of the theories suggests that the modern name of the city is derived from the Malayalam word koch azhi, meaning 'small lagoon'. Another version mentions that the city derives its name from the Sanskrit word Go shree which means 'prosperous with cows'. Certain ancient texts refer to the city as Balapuri (Sanskrit for 'small town'), which became Cochin in course of time.[2] Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Kochi fishing net Cheena vala (Chinese fishing net), Kochi Raising the net The Chinese fishing nets (Cheena vala) of Kochi (formerly known as Cochin), a city in Kerala, south India are fixed land installations for an unusual form of fishing. ... Not to be confused with Entomology, the study of insects. ... This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


According to some accounts, traders from the court of the Chinese ruler Khubilai Khan gave Cochin the name of their homeland. Yet another theory is that Kochi is derived from the word Kaci meaning 'harbour'. Certain scholars claim that Cochin is derived from the term Cocha, which is a transfiguration of the Biblical term Cohen. Accounts by Italian explorers Nicolo Conti (15th century), and Fra Paoline in the 17th century say that it was called Kochchi, named after the river connecting the backwaters to the sea. Kublai Khan or Khubilai Khan (1215 - 1294), Mongol military leader, was Khan (1260-1294) of the Mongol Empire and founder and first Emperor (1279-1294) of the Yuan Dynasty. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library of Congress. ... // Cohen (Hebrew: ‎ kōhēn, means: A Priest) is a Jewish surname of biblical origins (see: Kohen). ... Niccolò Da Conti (also Nicolò de Conti) (1395–1469) was a Venetian merchant and explorer, born in Chioggia, who traveled to India and Southeast Asia during the early 15th century. ... Fra Paolino was a 17th century Italian traveller, known for his travels in the Indian Ocean region. ... In Indian English (English usage as per those speaking it in India), a backwater is a body of saltwater (connected to the sea) which has a lake-like absence of surf and tides. ...


After the arrival of the Portuguese, and later the British, the name Cochin stuck as the official appellation. The city reverted to a closer anglicisation of its original Malayalam name, Kochi, in 1996. However, it is still widely referred to as Cochin. The Indian renaming controversy is a result of a movement to rename cities and other locations to regional or Indian names from their anglicised British names. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


History

Main article: History of Kochi

Kochi was the princely state under the Kingdom of Kochi which came into existence in 1102, after the fall of the Kulasekhara empire.[3] The princely state was having the Kochi mainland as the capital. The state was ruled by Cochin Royal Family. However, the kingdom was under foreign rule since the 18th century, and the King often only had titular privileges. Kochi ((?); Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Perumpadapu Swaroopam (also know as Madarajyam, Goshree Rajyam, Kuru Swaroopam) was the name of the Kingdom of Kochi. ... Cochin Royal Family were rulers of Cochin or Kochi. ...


On the earlier days, the kingdom of Kochi was always under the shadow of the attacks from Samoothirippadu(often anglicised as Zamorin), the ruler of Malabar the northern neighbour. From 1503 to 1663, Kochi was ruled by Portugal. Kochi hosted the grave of Vasco da Gama, the first European explorer to set sail for India, who was buried at St. Francis Church until his remains were returned to Portugal in 1539.[4] The Portuguese rule was followed by that of the Dutch, who had allied with the Zamorins in order to conquer Kochi. Zamorin is the anglicised version of Samoothirippadu or Samoothiri or Swamy Thirumulpad, a title of the rulers of the erstwhile Hindu state of Kozhikode (previously known as Calicut)(Nediyirippu Swarupam), located in the present day state of Kerala, India, between the 14th and 18th century AD. Manavikraman Raja, the Samoothiri... [Land of uncivilised] Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala Malabar (Malayalam: മലബാര്‍ ) is a region of southern India, lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, and derived from the Malayalam word Mala mean Hill and Persian word Bar means Kingdom, and is same as the word meaning of Malayalam. ... For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... Zamorin, a title of the kings of Kozhikode (Calicut) The Samoothiri Raja (anglicized as Zamorin) were the erstwhile rulers of Kozhikode (Calicut). ...


In the battle of Ambalapuzha (3 January 1754), the Dutch allied Kochi was defeated by Marthanda Varma of Travancore after he ousted the Dutch in the Battle of Colachel-1741. In 1757 AD, a treaty was concluded between Travancore and Cochin, ensuring peace and stabilty on the Southern border. By 1773, the Mysore King Hyder Ali extended his conquest in the Malabar region to Kochi forcing it to become a tributary of Mysore. The hereditary Prime Ministership of Kochi held by the Paliath Achans came to an end during this period. Soon, Kochi was ceded to the United Kingdom by the Dutch, who feared an outbreak of war on the United Provinces signed a treaty with the United Kingdom. This was in exchange for the island of Bangka as per the treaty. Kochi was thus under the British rule, till India gained independence in 1947. Marthanda Varma (1706 - 1758) was the son of the Rani of Attingal. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... The naval Battle of Kulachal took place on 10 August 1741 (31 July OS) [1], when forces of Marthanda Varma, the Raja of the erstwhile Indian State of Travancore (also known as Tiruvitamkur) defeated forces of the Dutch East India Company (also known as VOC), and the allied Rani of... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... The Malabar region lies along the southwest coast of India and forms the northern part of the present-day state of Kerala. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The United Provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden/Provinciën, Republic of the Seven United Netherlands/Provinces — 1581–1795) was a European republic which is now known as the Netherlands. ... The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, also known as the Convention of London (one of several) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces in London on August 13, 1814. ... Bangka Island is an island lying east of Sumatra, Indonesia. ...


In 1949, Travancore-Cochin state came into being with the merger of Cochin and Travancore. The King of Travancore was the Rajpramukh of the Travancore-Cochin Union from 1949 to 1956. Travancore-Cochin, was in turn merged with the Malabar district of the Madras State. Finally, the Government of India's States Reorganisation Act (1956) inaugurated a new state Kerala; incorporating Travancore-Cochin (excluding the four southern Taluks which were merged with Tamil Nadu), Malabar District, and the taluk of Kasargod, South Kanara. Thiru-Kochi, formerly known as Travancore-Cochin, is a former state of India. ... Flag for former princely state of Travancore Travancore or Thiruvithaamkoor (Malayalam: തിരുവിതാങ്കൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍ [], തിരുവിതാങ്കോട് []) was a princely state in India with its capital at Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram). ... Rajpramukh was an administrative title in India which existed from Indias independence in 1947 until 1956. ... Malabar District was an administrative district of British India and independent Indias Madras State. ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Malabar District was an administrative district of British India and independent Indias Madras State. ... The equivalent terms tehsil, tahsil, tahasil, taluka, taluk, and taluq refer to a unit of government in some countries of the Indian subcontinent. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Dakshina Kannada, also called South Kannada, South Kanara, or South Canara, is a district of Indias Karnataka state. ...


Kochi Urban Agglomeration was defined in 1998, with the corporation of Cochin, municipalities of North Paravur Aluva, Angamaly, Kalamassery and 11 adjoining villages. Corporation of Kochi (or Corporation of Cochin) is a municipal corporation, that manages the Indian city of Kochi (formerly known as Cochin). ... This article is about a town in Ernakulam district. ... , Aluva (Alwaye ആലുവ) is a city and a municipality in Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India. ... Angamaly is a city and a municipality in Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India. ... Kalamaserry is a municipality in Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Kochi

Kochi UA is referred to as the economic capital of Kerala. Due to the proximity of the sea port at Kochi city, the economy of the area is booming. A ship under construction at the Cochin Shipyard dock, Kochi. ...


Kochi witnessed economic stagnation in the years following India's independence at 1947. The economic recovery gathered momentum after economic reforms in India introduced by the central government in the mid-1990s. Since 2000, the service sector has revitalised the stagnant economy. Over the years, the city has witnessed rapid commercialisation, and has today grown into the commercial capital of Kerala.[5] Economic reform in India is something which is under close study. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of India. ... The tertiary sector of industry (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing), and primary industry (extraction such as mining, agriculture and fishing). ...


Constituents of the urban agglomeration

Place Classification 2001 population Area (km²)
Angamaly Municipality 33,424 24.0
Chengamanad Census town 29,775 15.6
Chowwara Census town 13,603
Aluva Municipality 24,108 7.2
Choornikkara Census town 36,998 11.0
Edathala Census town 67,137 16.0
Paravur Municipality 30,056 9.0
Kottuvally Census town 37,884 20.8
Varappuzha Census town 24,516 7.7
Eloor Census town 30,092 14.2
Kadungalloor Census town 35,451 18.1
Mulavukad Census town 22,845 19.3
Kadamakkudy Census town 15,823 12.9
Cheranallur Census town 26,330 10.6
Kalamassery Municipality 63,176 27.0
Vazhakkala Census town 42,272 19.6
Kochi Municipal corporation 596,473 94.9
Kedamangalam Outgrowth 21,729
Alangad Outgrowth 40,585 18.4
Cheriyakadavu Outgrowth 8,326
Kakkanad Outgrowth 22,486
Maradu Census town 40,993 12.4
Thrippunithura Municipality 59,881 18.7
Thiruvankulam Census town 21,713 10.5
Kureekkad Census town 9,730
TOTAL 1,355,406

References

  1. ^ Etymology Corporation of Cochin official site
  2. ^ Theory about the origin of the word KochiCorporation of Cochin official site
  3. ^ Kochi KingdomCorporation of Cochin official site
  4. ^ Vasco-Da-Gama Encarta encyclopedia
  5. ^ Statistics of Ernakulam in 2001 Official site of Government of Kerala

External links

This article contains Indic text.
Without rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes or other symbols instead of Indic characters; or irregular vowel positioning and a lack of conjuncts.
  • Government of Kerala - Ernakulam Portal
  • Government of India Ernakulam Portal


Image File history File links Example. ... The Brahmic family is a family of abugidas (writing systems) used in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia, Manchuria. ...


 
 

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